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Final Exam Study Guide

# Final Exam Study Guide - Chapter 1 o Definition of...

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Chapter 1 o Definition of statistics Chapter 2 o Raw data o Population versus sample o Parameter versus statistic o Variable types and roles o How to summarize categorical variables o How to summarize quantitative variables o Standardization o Empirical Rule Chapter 3 o Inference o Population vs sample o Simple random sample o Bias types o Margin of error o Sampling methods o Disasters in sampling o Asking survey questions without bias Chapter 4 o Observational studies vs randomized experiments o How to and when to determine cause-and-effect o Confounding variables

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o Designing experiments o Designing observational studies Chapter 5 o Scatterplot o Regression Analysis o Correlation and r-squared o Difficulties and disasters o Interpretations of an observed association o Causation Chapter 6 o Contingency tables and the values they contain o Simpson’s Paradox o Chi-square hypothesis test Chapter 7 o Random Circumstances o Probability o Simulations o
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