Lesson 12 - Violence Against Women and Girls Violence...

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Violence Against Women and Girls Violence against women is a national and international epidemic; such violence is illegal in many states in the US and many countries abroad, yet in some ways it is sanctioned and tolerated by societies and governments. This lecture will address the various types of violence used to control women, how women and girls experience violence, what is considered violence, and how we can stop violence against women and girls. An Overview of Domestic Violence You may have heard violence against women talked about as domestic violence. Technically domestic violence is violence that occurs in the home or among people in intimate relationships, such as immediate and extended families or “romantic” partnerships. In contrast, violence against women or girls is not necessarily perpetrated by someone known to the victim. Because states and countries define violence against women differently (and therefore offer women different levels of protection from such violence under the law) it’s difficult to define gender-based violence. The United Nations General Assembly wrote the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (1993), which defines violence against women as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life." This encompasses, "physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family and in the general community, including battering, sexual abuse of children, dowry-related violence, rape, female genital mutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women, non-spousal violence and violence related to exploitation, sexual harassment and intimidation at work, in educational institutions and elsewhere, trafficking in women, forced prostitution, and violence perpetrated or condoned by the state." In other words, violence is not just physical – it also encompasses sexual, emotional, mental, and even psychological and spiritual elements of abuse. Your book explains the cycle of abuse and how these various types of abuse are used by perpetrators to keep women passive, docile, and subservient. Research has shown that a perpetrator’s need to control and dominate is at the root of violence and abuse. The power and control wheel visually depicts how various forms of abuse serve to “keep women in their place”. Violence against women is a health problem, a human rights violation, and a cause of mental, physical, and emotional trauma in women and girls. The World Health Organization collects and reviews estimates of violence against women around the world. Their research indicates that:
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Lesson 12 - Violence Against Women and Girls Violence...

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