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FDSC 1500 chapter 1 notes

FDSC 1500 chapter 1 notes - F DSC 1500 Brown Chapter 1...

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FDSC 1500 Brown: Chapter 1 Notes Nutrition Defined o Nutrition: the study of foods, their nutrients, and other chemical constituents, and the effects of food constituents on health Nutrition Concept #1: Food is a basic need of humans o Food security: access at all times to a sufficient supply of safe, nutritious foods o Food insecurity: limited or uncertain availability of safe, nutritious foods or the ability to acquire them in socially acceptable ways o Adults who live in food insecure households are more likely to be overweight and have heart disease than adults who are porr but food secure o Food terrorism Toxic substances that can be introduced into food supplies include radioactive particles and microorganizsms Nutrition Concept #2: Food provides energy (calories), nutrients, and other substances needed for growth and health o Calories: a unit of measure of the amount of energy supplied food o Nutrients: chemical substances present in food that are used by the body 6 categories: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, water o
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