Final Notes

Final Notes - FinalNotes 15:55

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Final Notes 15:55 Goal Setting and Self Confidence: Their influence on your behavior  Goals (examples) o Perform in the Olympic games o Become a corporate boss o Become a university AD o Become a university/professional coach o Get your degree o Go to graduate school at Yale/Harvard/Cambridge/Oxford/Paris o Travel the world o Marriage o Produce the chip to end all chips o Get an “A” in a class o Play in an intra-mural competition o Run a six minute mile  Goal setting o Defining goal setting: essentially, having an objective, a standard, and a  target for your performance. Achieving this standard within a certain  amount of time. o Types of goals (general) Subjective: a general statement of intent Example: “I want to lose weight”, “I want to win” Objective: something much more specific. The attainment of a specific  standard
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Example: “By the end of next month, I want to be able to run the  mile in 5 minutes and 55 seconds” Outcome: Focus on competitive results Not always under our control Performance: Achieving of a standard irregardless of competition o Theoretical explanation for the goal setting and performance relationship Mechanistic (Locke) Goal setting essentially influences performance in one of 4 ways Directs attention toward elements of the skill you are trying to  perform It mobilizes your effort  Prolongs your persistence  You will learn new strategies to accomplish your goals  Cognitive (Burton) Emphasizes performance, not outcome  3 points Goal setting influences your psychological state o Linked to motivation Having goals lessens your anxiety and increases your self  confidence We feel that these goals are within our reach o Controllability  o Performance changes occur Goal setting is a powerful technique for enhancing performance, for  producing action, and for obtaining results 
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Goal setting Principles o Types of goals Specific: measureable, explicit, numerical   Allows one to see how they are progressing Difficult but realistic: goals should be challenging yet realistic Unrealistic goals lead to failure and frustration Short term and long term: short term goals allow us to see  improvement and this motivates us to keep on track for our long term  goals Performance rather than outcome goals Generally speaking, your own performance is more critical than  looking at the outcome Practice goals and competition goals Much more time is actually spent in practice than in competition,  therefore we continually need motivation to keep us going Positive, not negative Have goals be things to be done, not things that shouldn’t be done 
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2010 for the course EXSC 310 at USC.

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Final Notes - FinalNotes 15:55

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