FinalStudySheet

FinalStudySheet - 09:16...

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09:16 Final Exam: December 16 th , 4:30-6:30 pm, THH 208 Bring blue book!!! “The Greatest Miracle on Earth” – Mondino  Concepts to be covered: Arousal (The Physiology)—Chapter 7 Multiple Choice Central nervous system: Brain and Spinal Cord  o Peripheral nervous system: voluntary control Nerves leading to skeletal muscle  o Autonomic nervous system: involuntary control; nerves leading to smooth  muscles and glands  Sympathetic: when aroused, everything “goes up” (heart rate,  respiration, etc.)  Release of catecholamines: epinephrine and norepinephrine  When the sympathetic system gets out of control, the  parasympathetic kicks into bring everything back down to normal  Parasympathetic: brings everything back towards homeostasis  o Brain/ brain stem  Sensations go up to the brain and then come down from the brain o When going up: affarent o Coming down: efferent  Goes down to muscles
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Produces an effect  Parts of the brain o Hypothalamus: particularly responsible for arousal  Part of the mid-brain Responsible for releasing catecholamines, neurotransmitting  substances o Cerebral cortex: responsible for higher brain functions/ conscious thought  High arousal leads to disorganized EEG  o Reticula: a complex set of neurons that extends through the brainstem to  the hypothalamus  Organizes sensory-motor behavior Associated with the onset of arousal  How do we measure arousal? o Brain: EEG (electroencephalograph) o Muscle: EMG (electromyography)  Measures electrical potential of muscles  Anxiety—Chapter 8  Multiple Choice Anxiety is emotional  The generic term used to describe emotions, feelings, and moods is affect  Stress is different from anxiety o A nonspecific response o 2 types
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Eustress: “good stress” Distress: “bad stress” o The stress response  When a person feels inadequate to a certain situation If a person feels they can cope with the situation, the stress response  will not occur  Anxiety, as a psychological construct, has 2 dimensions (CSAI-II)  o Cognitive o Somatic  o Also measures self confidence  State vs. trait anxiety o Trait anxiety: the anxiety one has as a general disposition o State anxiety: the anxiety felt before or during a particular event Endler: antecedents that lead to an increase in anxiety (what does he say  about these particular things?)  o Fear of failure: fear of getting defeated by a weaker opponent could pose a  threat to an athlete’s ego o Fear of physical danger: fear of being hit in the head by a 90 mph fastball  could pose a serious threat o Fear of negative social evaluation: fear of being evaluated negatively by 
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FinalStudySheet - 09:16...

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