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FinalStudyQuestions - periosteum perimysium tendon fascia...

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periosteum bone covering perimysium tendon holds muscle to bone fascia covers muscle Boyle's Law Charles' Law Dalton's Law Henry's Law gases diffuse from high to low pressure areas tidal volume (rest) 5 L (rest) PO2 inspired 159 mmHg PCO2 inspired 0.3 mmHg PO2 at conducting zone 149 mmHg PCO2 at conducting zone 0.3 mmHg PO2 at alveoli 100 mmHg PCO2 at alveoli 40 mmHg PO2 in blood 40 mmHg PCO2 in blood 46 mmHg PO2 in SM 40 mmHg PCO2 in SM 46 mmHg vol dead space 150 mL vital capacity 350 mL % O2 transported in blood 2% oxygen to blood ratio 0.3 mL O2 to 100 ML blood 98% amt of O2 per gram of Hb 1.34 mL 15g/ 100 mL blood amt of O2 carried by Hb 20.1 mL O2 per 100mL blood (a-v)O2 at rest 5 mL O2 per 100 mL blood rate of O2 transport at rest 1L O2/ min 6L O2/ min At a constant temperature the volume of a given mass of gas varies inversely with its pressure the total pressure of a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of each of the individual gases within the mixture amt of O2 transported as oxyhemoglobin amt of Hb for average male hematocrit composition (male) plasma 55%, leukocytes/platelets <1%, erythrocytes 45% rate of O2 transport during exercise things that shift O2 dissociation curve to the left increased pH, decreased temp, increased O2 affinity things that shift O2 dissociation curve to the right decreased pH, increased temp, increased 2, 3- DG concentration
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10% 5% 90% Haldane effect amt of CO2 that goes into plasma amt of CO2 that is dissolved in plasma amt of CO2 that goes into RBC describes the effect of O2 loading on Hb affinity for CO2 and release of CO2
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Q Frank-Starling Law Henry's Law rhythmicity center apneustic center pneumotaxic center chemoreceptors peripheral chemoreceptors hypercapnia hypocapnia Hering-Breuer reflex preload afterload extrinsic regulation HR VO2 (WRT cardiac output) Cardiac Output (definition) chronotropic regulation in the heart ionotropic regulation in the heart dorsal respiratory center contents ventral respiratory center contents respiratory changes due to hyperventilation arterial pCO2 & MV (hyperventilation) arterial pCO2 & MV (normal) arterial pCO2 & MV (hypoventilation) intrinsic limitations of Q regulation sympathetic motor neurons parasympathetic motor neurons
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factors controlling SV Poisuille's Law rate of blood flow = cardiovascular control center components of CV control center stress effects on CV system chronotropic effect of catecholamines ionotropic effect of catecholamines vasomotor tone & control of blood flow things that control myocardial activity central command of CV regulation effects of proper central CV coordination peripheral receptors derived from peripheral input mechanisms during exercise determinants of oxygen consumption most important factor of Q during exercise mechanisms of increased HR stroke volume response to acute exercise most important factor in determining VO2max distribution of blood flow at rest distribution of blood flow during exercise amount of bloodflow to
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2010 for the course EXSC 407AL at USC.

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FinalStudyQuestions - periosteum perimysium tendon fascia...

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