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Module 2, R&B (1) - Rhythm and Blues Shares the...

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Rhythm and Blues Shares the following characteristic with Blues: Differs from Blues: Melodic language- basic blues scales, “blue” notes Rhythm- R&B features dance rhythms Harmonic language- chord structures Instrumentation- more like jazz (more use of wind and brass instruments, etc) Musical structures and forms (such as 12 bar blues) The use of “arrangements” Bigger variety of vocal styles- a mix borrowed from pop, jazz, and gospel and blues Musical Influences on Rhythm and Blues Pop Song- “Tin Pan Alley” a term that refers to the music theatre and publishing districts in New York City It became a general term for “pop” tunes in the 1920’s. 30s, and 40s Many of these “pre-swing” pop songs came from musical theatres, many jazz “standards” began as show tunes Musical Influences on Rhythm and Blues Boogie Woogie 1. Origins in Texas, Louisiana, but first recorded in Chicago 2. Popularized by series of Carnegie Hall concerts, 1938-39 3. Strong piano rhythms and characteristic piano “bass” patterns 4. Emphasis on beat and rhythm rather than text Joe Turner and Pete Johnson Roll ‘em, Pete (1938) Johnson (piano) was a big influence on Jerry Less Jewish and Little Richard
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Turner (singing) had a crossover hit with Shake, Rattle, And Roll a few years later (subsequently covered by Bill Haley and the Comets) Musical Influences on Rhythm and Blues Jazz, Big Band Swing Characteristics: 1. Dance-oriented music 2. Strong emphasis on brass (trumpet-trombone), reeds (sax, clarinet),
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