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East Asia 2 - China Historical Geography Beginnings early...

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12/16/2009 1 China: Historical Geography Beginnings: early 2 nd millennium BC an early agricultural society Significant imperial dynasties - Shang (1766 -1080 BC): the fist organized political entity, North China Plain - Han (206 BC - AD 220): Ancient China’s “Golden Age” - Tang & Sung (618 -1279): Medieval China - Yuan (13 th and 14 th centuries): Mongol control - Ming (14 th to 17 th centuries): China prosperous again - Qing (1644 -1911): gradual loss of power & territory
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12/16/2009 2 A republic 1911: decades of turmoil The Civil War: Nationalists versus the Communists The “Long March” Japanese expansion & World War II (1931 to 1945) The People’s Republic of China 1949: defeat of the Nationalists (Kuomintang) PRC versus Taiwan 1950s: a Soviet-style communist system established, Mao Zedong in charge Late 1950s: the “Great Leap Forward” Early 1960s: a rift with the Soviet Union 1966- 1972: the “Cultural Revolution” Mao dies in 1976: a power struggle ensues, the reformists win (Deng Xiaoping)
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