t6 - Geography 231 Introduction to Geospatial Methods Topic...

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1 Geography 231 Introduction to Geospatial Methods Topic 6: Cartography and Cartographic Standards II Goals for This Topic Review the nature of cartography and its role in the geospatial toolbox Clarify the elements of the map. What are the rules, and when can they be broken? Look over the seven controls on map design Cartographic generalization: little white lies and lots of them!
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2 The Nature of Maps and Cartography Cartography: the art and science (technique) of making maps A discipline unto itself, but becoming strongly interwoven with GIS Cartography – like all forms of geospatial analysis – has a strong military history Has obviously expanded to support many forms of planning, navigation, management, and disaster recovery Becoming more common and accessible with recent advances in geospatial technology: computers, Internet, GIS software, GPS, remote sensing, etc… Troop Positions on the Battle Field of Gettysburg, July 1863
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3 Mapquest: Greg’s Office to the Airport Geospatial Data Processing Map output is often the end product of geospatial analysis Acquisition Geospatial Database Editing Analysis
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4 The Principles of Map Design Cartographic communication can only succeed if there is an overlap of knowledge between the map maker and map users Good map design should achieve two goals: 1. Communicate information 2 Create a pleasing and interesting graphic 2.
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t6 - Geography 231 Introduction to Geospatial Methods Topic...

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