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Memory3bjw - PSC100
–
Memory
III
...

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PSC100 – Memory III
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Overview of today’s lecture Some other types of memory Eyewitness tes?mony, flashbulb memory Source memory Recogni?on/familiarity Amnesia Pa?ent HM Some brain structures associated with memory Hippocampus, PFC
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Special Memories Prospec?ve memory Flashbulb memories Eyewitness tes?mony
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Prospec?ve Memory Remembering to do something Remembering to come to lecture Picking up roommate at airport Remembering to bring your baby to daycare before going to work Remembering to post a study guide for the midterm Memory retrieval can be triggered automa?cally by cues in the environment Leaving your previous lecture Hear baby cry, step on a toy, etc. Receiving 500 emails, chatroom messages, and ques?ons in class about the midterm study guide
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Flashbulb Memories When a very important event occurs, people report having vivid and long‐las?ng memories of the event As if a flashbulb briefly illuminated the scene Typical examples: Assassina?on of JFK Space shuVle accidents Princess Diana’s death Terrorist aVacks on 9/11/2001 Personal events of great significance and intensity Loss of loved one First kiss
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Flashbulb Memories Why are such memories so vivid? There are several possibili?es: Emo?onal intensity leads to beVer encoding Lots of elabora?on at the moment and shortly a\erwards Frequent rehearsal
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Eyewitness Tes?mony There are several ways in which eyewitness tes?mony can be distorted Sugges?bility Lo\us, Miller, & Burns (1978) Did another car pass the red car while it was stopped at the stop sign?” This sentence implies that there was a stop sign When later asked about signs, subjects who were asked this ques?on tended to report that there was a stop sign even though it was actually a yield sign
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Lost in a shopping mall
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Lo\us & Palmer (1974) Each subject is shown 7 short films of traffic accidents A\er each film, subject describes accident and answers mul?ple ques?ons One ques?on is “About how fast were the cars going when they _____ each other?” Smashed, collided, hit, bumped, contacted Between‐subjects design N=9 per condi?on ‐‐ is that enough to draw conclusions about the general popula?on?
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