Ch. 6 - The Two-Dimensional Field; Area

Ch. 6 - The Two-Dimensional Field; Area - Ch. 6 – The Two...

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Ch. 6 – The Two Dimensional Field: Area 10/25/09 8:48 PM Overview Screen provides you with “living space” for presenting media events The viewfinder has fixed borders that define the new aesthetic playing field This ch. examines the structural factors of screen space: aspect ratio and the aesthetics of object size and image size Aspect Ratio Aspect Ratio – the relationship of screen width to screen height Horizontal Orientation o Our peripheral vision is greater horizontally than vertically o Our eyes must constantly cut from one spot to another in a picture before we can make sense of what we see o We normally live and operate on a horizontal plane Standard Aspect Ratios Standard video and computer screens took over the traditional 4x3 aspect ratio of early motion pictures Also expressed 1.33:1 Standard HDTV is 16x9 or 1.78:1 Standard “wide-screen format” is 5.55x3 or 1.85:1 Framing o There’s confusion about why 4x3 became standard in 1889 4x3 Frame Advantage is the difference between width and height is not enough to emphasize one dimension over the other Is especially appropriate for the close-up (CU) and extreme close-up (ECU) framing of a person, because most of the screen area is occupied by the subject With a wider aspect ratio, you’re forced to deal with a considerable amount of leftover space on the sides 16x9 Frame
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When focusing on a close-up, you need to make sure that the peripheral action is believable yet unobtrusive to not draw attention away from the main event 4x3 vs. 16x9 Frame Motion pictures and HDTV screens opted for the wider aspect ratio because of the desire to compete with TV and to engulf us in spectacle (difficult for TV to achieve) Landscape – environmental shots (actual landscapes, city streets, sports arenas, long shots of interiors) It’s the landscape shots in which the wide-screen format shines The wide aspect ratio makes it easier to show people standing or sitting across from each other in a conversation than on the smaller 4x3 screen The wide aspect ratio also allows you to establish a specific setting (street, restaurant) in a single shot Wide aspect also gives more room for lateral motion
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Ch. 6 - The Two-Dimensional Field; Area - Ch. 6 – The Two...

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