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Unformatted text preview: PISA 2006 PISA 2006 Volume 2: Data Volume 2 : données Are students well prepared to meet the challenges of the future? Are they able to analyse, reason and communicate effectively? Have they found the kinds of interests they can pursue throughout their lives as productive members of the economy and society? The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) seeks to provide some answers to these questions through its surveys of key competencies of 15-year-old students. PISA surveys are administered every three years in the OECD member countries and partner countries and economies, which together make up close to 90% of the world economy. Les élèves sont-ils bien préparés aux défis de l’avenir ? Sont-ils véritablement capables d’analyser, de raisonner et de communiquer efficacement ? Ont-ils identifié le type d’intérêts qu’ils poursuivront au cours de leur vie en tant que membres productifs de l’économie et de la société ? Le Programme international de l’OCDE pour le suivi des acquis des élèves (PISA) tente d’apporter des réponses à ces questions en enquêtant sur les compétences des élèves de 15 ans dans des matières clés. Les enquêtes PISA sont administrées tous les trois ans, à la fois dans les pays membres de l’OCDE et dans des pays et économies partenaires qui, à eux tous, représentent près de 90 % de l’économie mondiale. PISA 2006: Science Competencies for Tomorrow’s World presents the results from the most recent PISA survey, which focused on science and also assessed mathematics and reading. It is divided into two volumes. Volume 2: Data presents the PISA 2006 full dataset underlying Volume 1: Analysis. Volume 1 examines the performance of students, schools and countries in the context of socio-economic background and identifies important educational policies and practices that are associated with educational success. Volume 2: Data  /  Données PISA 2006 : Les compétences en sciences, un atout pour réussir présente, en deux volumes, les premiers résultats du cycle d’enquête PISA le plus récent, dont le domaine d’évaluation majeur était la culture scientifique mais qui s’est également penché sur la culture mathématique et la compréhension de l’écrit. OECD Usage Survey Volume 2 : Données expose l’ensemble des données du cycle PISA 2006. Il s’agit du complément indispensable du Volume 1 : Analyse des résultats qui examine les performances des élèves, des établissements et des pays dans le contexte du milieu socioéconomique et identifie les politiques et pratiques d’éducation de premier plan qui sont gage de succès éducatif. The full text of this book is available on line via this link: www.sourceoecd.org/education/9789264040144 Those with access to all OECD books on line should use this link: www.sourceoecd.org/9789264040144 Volume 2: Dat a /  d onnées Avec les enquêtes PISA 2000 et PISA 2003, PISA 2006 vient compléter le premier cycle d’évaluation dans les trois domaines majeurs. Le programme PISA lance actuellement son second cycle d’enquête, qui débutera en 2009 avec la compréhension de l’écrit pour domaine principal et se poursuivra en 2012 avec les mathématiques et en 2015 avec les sciences. The OECD is currently examining how to improve the quality and presentation of its electronic publications and requests your assistance by participating in a survey. To gather usage information, this PDF file is feature-enhanced to allow remote reporting via the internet. No personal information will be transmitted. PISA 2006 Together with the PISA 2000 and PISA 2003 surveys, PISA 2006 completes the first cycle of assessment in the three key subject areas. PISA is now conducting a second cycle of surveys, beginning in 2009 with reading as the major subject and continuing in 2012 (mathematics) and 2015 (science). PISA 2006 Please select “Agree” to participate in the survey, or “Disagree” if you opt not to be part of the survey. http://www.oecd.org/privacy/ Agree Disagree 0026ca07-b563-4650-b7ca-b68aedd54654 SourceOECD is the OECD’s online library of books, periodicals and statistical databases. For more information about this award-winning service and free trials ask your librarian, or write to us at SourceOECD@oecd.org. Programme for International Student Assessment www.oecd.org/publishing www.pisa.oecd.org ISBN 978-92-64-04014-4 98 2007 02 3 P Click Here To View The Agreement. Programme for International Student Assessment Programme international pour le suivi des acquis des élèves PISA 2006 T  M Volume 2: Data  /  Données Click Here To View The Agreement. Organisation for economic co-operation and development Organisation de Coopération et de développement économiques Pisa2006_Ang.fm Page 1 Wednesday, November 7, 2007 3:32 PM ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT The OECD is a unique forum where the governments of 30 democracies work together to address the economic, social and environmental challenges of globalisation. The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to understand and to help governments respond to new developments and concerns, such as corporate governance, the information economy and the challenges of an ageing population. The Organisation provides a setting where governments can compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and work to co-ordinate domestic and international policies. The OECD member countries are: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Commission of the European Communities takes part in the work of the OECD. OECD Publishing disseminates widely the results of the Organisation’s statistics gathering and research on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as the conventions, guidelines and standards agreed by its members. This work is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. The opinions expressed and arguments employed herein do not necessarily reflect the official views of the Organisation or of the governments of its member countries. Corrigenda to OECD publications may be found on line at: www.oecd.org/publishing/corrigenda. PISA™, OECD/PISA™ and the PISA logo are trademarks of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). All use of OECD trademarks is prohibited without written permission from the OECD. © OECD 2007 No reproduction, copy, transmission or translation of this publication may be made without written permission. Applications should be sent to OECD Publishing rights@oecd.org or by fax 33 1 45 24 99 30. Permission to photocopy a portion of this work should be addressed to the Centre français d’exploitation du droit de copie (CFC), 20, rue des Grands-Augustins, 75006 Paris, France, fax 33 1 46 34 67 19, contact@cfcopies.com or (for US only) to Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, USA, fax 1 978 646 8600, info@copyright.com. ORGANISATION DE COOPÉRATION ET DE DÉVELOPPEMENT ÉCONOMIQUES Click Here To View The Agreement. L’OCDE est un forum unique en son genre où les gouvernements de 30 démocraties œuvrent ensemble pour relever les défis économiques, sociaux et environnementaux que pose la mondialisation. L’OCDE est aussi à l'avant-garde des efforts entrepris pour comprendre les évolutions du monde actuel et les préoccupations qu’elles font naître. Elle aide les gouvernements à faire face à des situations nouvelles en examinant des thèmes tels que le gouvernement d’entreprise, l’économie de l’information et les défis posés par le vieillissement de la population. L’Organisation offre aux gouvernements un cadre leur permettant de comparer leurs expériences en matière de politiques, de chercher des réponses à des problèmes communs, d’identifier les bonnes pratiques et de travailler à la coordination des politiques nationales et internationales. Les pays membres de l’OCDE sont : l’Allemagne, l’Australie, l’Autriche, la Belgique, le Canada, la Corée, le Danemark, l'Espagne, les États-Unis, la Finlande, la France, la Grèce, la Hongrie, l’Irlande, l’Islande, l’Italie, le Japon, le Luxembourg, le Mexique, la Norvège, la Nouvelle-Zélande, les Pays-Bas, la Pologne, le Portugal, la République slovaque, la République tchèque, le Royaume-Uni, la Suède, la Suisse et la Turquie. La Commission des Communautés européennes participe aux travaux de l’OCDE. Les Éditions OCDE assurent une large diffusion aux travaux de l'Organisation. Ces derniers comprennent les résultats de l’activité de collecte de statistiques, les travaux de recherche menés sur des questions économiques, sociales et environnementales, ainsi que les conventions, les principes directeurs et les modèles développés par les pays membres. Cet ouvrage est publié sous la responsabilité du Secrétaire général de l’OCDE. Les opinions et les interprétations exprimées ne reflètent pas nécessairement les vues de l’OCDE ou des gouvernements de ses pays membres. Les corrigenda des publications de l’OCDE sont disponibles sur : www.oecd.org/editions/corrigenda. PISA™, OECD/PISA™ et le logo de PISA sont des marques de l'Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE). Toute utilisation de ces marques doit faire l'objet d'une autorisation écrite de l'OCDE. © OCDE 2007 Toute reproduction, copie, transmission ou traduction de cette publication doit faire l’objet d’une autorisation écrite. Les demandes doivent être adressées aux Éditions OCDE rights@oecd.org ou par fax 33 1 45 24 99 30. Les demandes d’autorisation de photocopie partielle doivent être adressées au Centre français d’exploitation du droit de copie (CFC), 20, rue des Grands-Augustins, 75006 Paris, France, fax 33 1 46 34 67 19, contact@cfcopies.com ou (pour les États-Unis exclusivement) au Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, USA, fax 1 978 646 8600, info@copyright.com. Foreword In today’s global economy, the prosperity of countries now derives to a large extent from their human capital, and to succeed in a rapidly changing world, individuals need to advance their knowledge and skills throughout their lives. Education systems need to lay strong foundations for this, by fostering learning and strengthening the capacity and motivation of young adults to continue learning beyond school. Parents, students, those who teach and who run education systems, and the general public alike therefore need good information on how well their schools prepare students for life. Many countries monitor students’ learning in order to provide answers to this question. Comparative international assessments can extend and enrich the national picture by providing a larger context within which to interpret national performance. In response to this need for cross-nationally comparable evidence on student performance, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) launched the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISATM) in 1997. PISA represents a commitment by governments to monitor the outcomes of education systems in terms of student achievement on a regular basis and within an internationally agreed common framework. PISA has now become the most comprehensive and rigorous international programme to assess student performance and to collect data on the student, family and institutional factors that can help to explain differences in performance. The countries participating in PISA together make up close to 90% of the world economy. PISA 2006: Science Competencies for Tomorrow’s World presents first results from the most recent PISA Click Here To View The Agreement. survey, which focused on science and also assessed mathematics and reading. It is divided into two volumes. This volume presents the data underlying the analysis that is reported in Volume 1. Volume 1 gives the most comprehensive international picture of science learning today, exploring not only how well students perform, but also their interests in science and their awareness of the opportunities that science competencies bring as well as the environment that schools offer for science learning. Volume 1 places the performance of students, schools and countries in the context of their socio-economic background and identifies important educational policies and practices that are associated with educational success. Both volumes, as well as the PISA database and sample test questions from the PISA surveys, are available on line at www.pisa.oecd.org. The report is the product of a collaborative effort between the countries participating in PISA, the experts and institutions working within the framework of the PISA Consortium, and the OECD. A full list of those people who contributed to this publication is available in Volume 1 of this report. The report is published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD. Ryo Watanabe Chair of the PISA Governing Board Barbara Ischinger Director for Education, OECD PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007  Avant-propos Au sein de l’économie mondialisée d’aujourd’hui, la prospérité des nations dépend dans une large mesure de leur capital humain et, pour réussir dans un monde qui évolue rapidement, les individus doivent continuer à étoffer leurs connaissances et compétences tout au long de la vie. Pour ce faire, les systèmes éducatifs ont la responsabilité de poser les bases de cet apprentissage, notamment en équipant les individus de connaissances indispensables et en renforçant la capacité et la volonté des jeunes adultes de continuer à apprendre au-delà de leur formation initiale. Toutes les parties prenantes – les élèves, les parents, les enseignants et les gestionnaires du système éducatif, ainsi que le grand public – doivent être tenues informées de l’efficacité avec laquelle l’école prépare les élèves à la vie d’adulte. De nombreux pays suivent l’évolution de l’apprentissage des élèves afin de mieux appréhender ces enjeux. Les analyses comparatives internationales peuvent étoffer et enrichir les états des lieux réalisés à l’échelon national en offrant un contexte plus large dans lequel interpréter les résultats nationaux. L’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE) a lancé le Programme international pour le suivi des acquis des élèves (PISATM) en 1997 pour répondre au besoin de données sur la performance des élèves qui soient comparables au niveau international. L’enquête PISA est une nouvelle expression de la volonté des gouvernements des pays de l’OCDE d’étudier, de façon suivie et à l’intérieur d’un cadre conceptuel approuvé par tous, les résultats des systèmes éducatifs en termes d’acquis des élèves. Il s’agit aujourd’hui du programme international le plus complet et le plus rigoureux dans le domaine de Click Here collecte de données sur des facteurs relatifs aux élèves, aux l’évaluation des compétences des élèves et la To View The Agreement. familles et aux établissements en vue d’expliquer les différences de performance d’un pays à l’autre. Les pays prenant part à l’enquête PISA représentent près de 90 % de l’économie mondiale. PISA 2006 : Les compétences en sciences, un atout pour réussir présente les premiers résultats du cycle d’enquête PISA le plus récent, dont le domaine d’évaluation majeur était la culture scientifique mais qui s’est également penché sur les mathématiques et la compréhension de l’écrit. Ce rapport est divisé en deux volumes, le second mettant en avant les données qui sous-tendent les analyses figurant dans le premier. Le Volume 1 fournit la vue d’ensemble internationale sur l’apprentissage des sciences la plus complète à l’heure actuelle, explorant non seulement les performances des élèves mais aussi leur intérêt envers les sciences, leur conscience des débouchés pour l’avenir que peuvent apporter de solides compétences en sciences, ainsi que le cadre proposé par les établissements pour l’enseignement des sciences. Il replace les performances des élèves, des établissements et des pays dans leur contexte socioéconomique et identifie les politiques et pratiques d’éducation importantes qui sont gage de succès éducatif. Les deux volumes, ainsi que la base de données PISA et des exemples de questionnaires PISA, sont disponibles en ligne à l’adresse www.pisa.oecd.org. Cet ouvrage est le fruit des efforts concertés des pays participant à l’enquête PISA, des experts et des institutions qui œuvrent au sein du consortium PISA et de l’OCDE. La liste complète des personnes ayant contribué à cette publication est disponible dans le Volume 1 du présent rapport. Le présent rapport est publié sous la responsabilité du Secrétaire général de l’OCDE. Ryo Watanabe Président du Conseil des pays participants du PISA  © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Barbara Ischinger Directeur, Direction de l’éducation de l’OCDE Table of contents Table des matières Foreword / Avant-propos.......................................................................................................................................................................... 3 Reader’s guide / Guide du lecteur. .............................................................................................................................................. 19 I. Data / Données................................................................................................................................................................................................. 23 Chapter / Chapitre 2 Table 2.1a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale................................................ 24 Tableau 2.1a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique Table 2.1b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale, by gender...................... 25 Tableau 2.1b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, selon le sexe Table 2.1c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the science scale. .............................................................................................................................................................. 27 Tableau 2.1c Score moyen, Click Here To View The Agreement. des scores sur l’échelle différences de score selon le sexe et répartition de culture scientifique Table 2.2a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the identifying scientific issues scale............................................................................................................................................................. 29 Tableau 2.2a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique Table 2.2b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the identifying scientific issues scale, by gender....................................................................................................................................................................................... 30 Tableau 2.2b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique, selon le sexe Table 2.2c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the identifying scientific issues scale............................................................................................................................................................. 32 Tableau 2.2c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique Table 2.3a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale.................................................................................................................................................................... 34 Tableau 2.3a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes Table 2.3b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale, by gender.......................................................................................................................................... 35 Tableau 2.3b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes, selon le sexe Table 2.3c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale............................................................................................................. 37 Tableau 2.3c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007  Table of contents / Table des matières Table 2.4a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the using scientific evidence scale......... 39 Tableau 2.4a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques Table 2.4b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the using scientific evidence scale, by gender....................................................................................................................................................................................... 40 Tableau 2.4b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques, selon le sexe Table 2.4c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the using scientific evidence scale........................................................................................................................................ 42 Tableau 2.4c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques Table 2.5 Gender differences in performance on the science scale after taking student programmes into account................................................................................................................................................................................. 44 Tableau 2.5 Différences de scores selon le sexe sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, après contrôle du niveau et de la filière d’enseignement Table 2.6 Socio-economic indicators and the relationship with performance in science............................. 45 Tableau 2.6 Les indicateurs socioéconomiques et le rapport avec la performance des élèves en sciences Table 2.7 Tableau 2.7 Table 2.8 Tableau 2.8 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the knowledge about science scale...................................................................................................................... 46 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de connaissances à propos des sciences Click Here To View The student performance Mean score, variation and gender differences in Agreement. on the “Earth and space systems” scale.................................................................................................................... 48 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes de la Terre et de l’univers » Table 2.9 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Living systems” scale............................................................................................................................................................................. 50 Tableau 2.9 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes vivants » Table 2.10 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Physical systems” scale............................................................................................................................................................................. 52 Tableau 2.10 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes physiques » Chapter / Chapitre 3 Table 3.1 Tableau 3.1 Mean score, variation and gender differences on the interest in learning science topics scale................................................................................................................................................................ 54 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle intérêt pour l’acquisition de nouveaux savoirs et savoir-faire en sciences Table 3.2 Tableau 3.2 Mean score, variation and gender differences on the support for scientific enquiry scale.............. 56 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle valeur accordée à la démarche scientifique Table 3.3 Index of self-efficacy in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ...................................................................................................................................................... 58 Indice de perception des capacités personnelles en sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Tableau 3.3  © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Table of contents / Table des matières Table 3.4 Tableau 3.4 Index of self-concept in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ...................................................................................................................................................... 60 Indice de perception de soi en sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.5 Index of general value of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ...................................................................................................................................................... 62 Tableau 3.5 Indice de valorisation générale des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.6 Index of personal value of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ...................................................................................................................................................... 64 Tableau 3.6 Indice de valorisation personnelle des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.7 The importance of doing well in science, reading and mathematics at school. .......................... 66 Tableau 3.7 Importance attachée à l’obtention de bons résultats en sciences, en compréhension de l’écrit et en mathématiques Table 3.8 Index of general interest in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ...................................................................................................................................................... 67 Tableau 3.8 Indice d’intérêt général pour les sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.9 Index of enjoyment of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ...................................................................................................................................................... 69 Tableau 3.9 Indice du plaisir apporté par les sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.10 Click Here To View The Agreement. Index of instrumental motivation to learn science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index...................................................................................................... 71 Tableau 3.10 Indice de motivation instrumentale pour l’apprentissage des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.11 Index of future-oriented motivation to learn science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index............................................................................................................. 73 Tableau 3.11 Indice de motivation prospective pour l’apprentissage des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.12 Percentage of students expecting a science-related career at age 30 and performance on the science scale, by gender............................................................................................ 75 Tableau 3.12 Pourcentage d’élèves envisageant d’exercer une profession à caractère scientifique à l’âge de 30 ans et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, selon le sexe Table 3.13 Percentage of students having at least one parent in a science-related career and performance on the science scale, by gender............................................................................................ 76 Tableau 3.13 Pourcentage d’élèves dont au moins un parent exerce une profession à caractère scientifique et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, selon le sexe Table 3.14 Percentage of students expecting a science-related career at age 30 with or without at least one parent in a science-related career and performance on the science scale. .............................................................................................................................................................. 77 Tableau 3.14 Pourcentage d’élèves envisageant d’exercer une profession à caractère scientifique à l’âge de 30 ans, ayant ou non au moins un parent qui exerce une profession scientifique, et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique Table 3.15 Index of students’ science-related activities and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ...................................................................................................................................................... 78 Tableau 3.15 Indice de participation à des activités scientifiques et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007  Table of contents / Table des matières Table 3.16 Index of students’ awareness of environmental issues and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index......................................................................................................................................... 80 Tableau 3.16 Indice de sensibilisation aux problèmes environnementaux et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.17 Index of students’ level of concern for environmental issues and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index...................................................................................................... 82 Tableau 3.17 Indice d’inquiétude suscitée par les problèmes environnementaux et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.18 Index of students’ optimism regarding environmental issues and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index...................................................................................................... 84 Tableau 3.18 Indice d’optimisme à l’égard des problèmes environnementaux et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.19 Index of students’ responsibility for sustainable development and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index...................................................................................................... 86 Tableau 3.19 Indice de responsabilisation à l’égard du développement durable et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 3.20 Proportion of between-school variance for science attitudinal indices............................................... 88 Tableau 3.20 Part de variance inter-établissements des indices d’attitude en sciences Table 3.21 Effect sizes for gender differences (females minus males) in science performance scales and attitudinal indices........................................................................................................................................................... 90 Tableau 3.21 Différences entre les sexes (filles moins garçons) en termes d’ampleur de l’effet sur les échelles de culture scientifique et indices d’attitude en sciences Table 3.22 Effect sizes for theClick Here To View top and bottom quarters of the PISA index difference between the The Agreement. of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for science attitudinal indices.............................. 92 Tableau 3.22 Différences entre les quartiles supérieur et inférieur de l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) en termes d’ampleur de l’effet dans les indices d’attitude en sciences Table 3.23 Effect sizes for the difference between students with an immigrant background and native students for science attitudinal indices............................................................................................ 94 Tableau 3.23 Différences en termes d’ampleur de l’effet dans les indices d’attitude en sciences entre les élèves allochtones et les élèves autochtones Chapter / Chapitre 4 Table 4.1a Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the science scale in PISA 2006................................................................................................................................ 96 Tableau 4.1a Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique du cycle PISA 2006 Table 4.1b Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the science scale in PISA 2003................................................................................................................................ 98 Tableau 4.1b Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique du cycle PISA 2003 Table 4.1c Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the science scale in PISA 2000................................................................................................................................ 99 Tableau 4.1c Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique du cycle PISA 2000 Table 4.1d Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the reading scale in PISA 2006............................................................................................................................. 100 Tableau 4.1d Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit du cycle PISA 2006  © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Table of contents / Table des matières Table 4.1e Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the reading scale in PISA 2003............................................................................................................................. 102 Tableau 4.1e Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit du cycle PISA 2003 Table 4.1f Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the reading scale in PISA 2000............................................................................................................................. 103 Tableau 4.1f Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit du cycle PISA 2000 Table 4.1g Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the mathematics scale in PISA 2006................................................................................................................. 104 Tableau 4.1g Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture mathématique du cycle PISA 2006 Table 4.1h Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the mathematics scale in PISA 2003................................................................................................................. 106 Tableau 4.1h Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture mathématique du cycle PISA 2003 Table 4.1i Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the mathematics scale in PISA 2000................................................................................................................. 107 Tableau 4.1i Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture mathématique du cycle PISA 2000 Table 4.2a Distribution of student performance on the science scale, by immigrant status........................ 108 Tableau 4.2a Répartition des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon l’ascendance Click Here To View The Agreement. autochtone ou allochtone Table 4.2b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale, by immigrant status.............................................................................................................................................................. 111 Tableau 4.2b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Table 4.2c Percentage of students, performance on the science scale and difference in the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS), by students’ immigrant background............. 114 Tableau 4.2c Pourcentage d’élèves, score sur l’échelle de culture scientifique et variation de l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC), selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Table 4.2d Differences in student performance in reading, by immigrant status................................................. 116 Tableau 4.2d Variation de la performance des élèves en compréhension de l’écrit selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Table 4.2e Differences in student performance in mathematics, by immigrant status..................................... 117 Tableau 4.2e Variation de la performance des élèves en mathématiques selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Table 4.3a Percentage of students and performance on the science scale, by language spoken at home......................................................................................................................................... 118 Tableau 4.3a Pourcentage d’élèves et score sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon la langue parlée en famille Table 4.3b Performance of students on the reading and mathematics scales, by language spoken at home......................................................................................................................................... 120 Tableau 4.3b Scores des élèves sur les échelles de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique selon la langue parlée en famille PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007  Table of contents / Table des matières Table 4.3c Differences in science performance between students with an immigrant background (first- and second-generation) and native students associated with students’ immigrant background and home language................................................................................................................................ 121 Tableau 4.3c Variation de la performance des élèves en sciences selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone (1ère et 2e générations) et la langue parlée en famille Table 4.3d Characteristics of schools attended by native students and students with an immigrant background (scores standardised within each country).............................................................................. 122 Tableau 4.3d Caractéristiques des établissements fréquentés par des élèves autochtones et allochtones (scores normalisés pour chaque pays) Table 4.4a Relationship between student performance in science and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS).................................................................................................................................. 123 Tableau 4.4a Relation entre la performance des élèves en sciences et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) Table 4.4b Decomposition of the gradient of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) into between-school and within-school components.................................................................. 125 Tableau 4.4b Décomposition du gradient de l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) en composantes inter- et intra-établissements Table 4.4c Relationship between student performance in science and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for PISA 2000, PISA 2003 and PISA 2006................................. 127 Tableau 4.4c Relation entre la performance des élèves en sciences et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) pour les cycles PISA 2000, PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Table 4.4d Relationship between student performance in mathematics and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for PISA 2000, PISA 2003 and PISA 2006....... 129 Tableau 4.4d Relation entre la performance des élèves en mathématiques et l’indice PISA de statut Click Here To View les cycles PISA 2000, économique, social et culturel (SESC) pourThe Agreement. PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Table 4.4e Relationship between student performance in reading and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for PISA 2000, PISA 2003 and PISA 2006................................. 131 Tableau 4.4e Relation entre la performance des élèves en compréhension de l’écrit et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) pour les cycles PISA 2000, PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Table 4.5 Relationship between science motivational indices and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS).................................................................................................................................. 133 Tableau 4.5 Relation entre les indices de motivation et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) Table 4.6 Relationship between student perceptions of science and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS).................................................................................................................................. 134 Tableau 4.6 Relation entre les indices d’attitude à l’égard des sciences et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) Table 4.7a Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of education of parents........................................................................ 135 Tableau 4.7a Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation des parents Table 4.7b Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of mothers’ education........................................................................... 137 Tableau 4.7b Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation de la mère Table 4.7c Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of fathers’ education.............................................................................. 141 Tableau 4.7c Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation du père 10 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Table of contents / Table des matières Table 4.8a Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by occupational status of parents..................................................................... 145 Tableau 4.8a Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le type de profession exercée par les parents Table 4.8b International socio-economic index of occupational status (HISEI) and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index................................................................................................... 147 Tableau 4.8b Indice socioéconomique international de statut professionnel (ISEI+) et score des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 4.9a Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of cultural possessions at home. .................................................... 150 Tableau 4.9a Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le patrimoine culturel familial Table 4.9b Index of cultural possessions in the home and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ................................................................................................................................................... 152 Tableau 4.9b Indice de patrimoine culturel familial et score sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table 4.10 Student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of home educational resources. ..................................................... 155 Tableau 4.10 Score sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon les ressources éducatives à la maison Table 4.11 Student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by economic, social and cultural status....................................................... 157 Tableau 4.11 Score sur les échellesHere To View The Agreement. Click de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le statut économique, social et culturel Table 4.12 Parents’ perceptions of school and student performance in science.................................................. 159 Tableau 4.12 Point de vue des parents sur la performance en sciences de leur enfant et sur l’établissement qu’il fréquente Table 4.13 Parents’ perceptions of school...................................................................................................................................... 159 Tableau 4.13 Point de vue des parents sur l’établissement que leur enfant fréquente Table 4.14 Parents’ reports of child’s past science activities and student performance in science.......... 160 Tableau 4.14 Performance des élèves en sciences selon le compte-rendu des parents sur les activités scientifiques antérieures de leur enfant Chapter / Chapitre 5 Table 5.1 School admittance policies............................................................................................................................................. 161 Tableau 5.1 Politiques d’admission des établissements Table 5.2 Structural features of school systems........................................................................................................................ 162 Tableau 5.2 Caractéristiques structurelles des systèmes d’éducation Table 5.3 Ability grouping and performance in science. ................................................................................................. 164 Tableau 5.3 Regroupement des élèves par aptitude et performances en sciences Table 5.4 Percentage of students and student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by type of school.......................................................................................................... 165 Tableau 5.4 Pourcentage d’élèves et scores des élèves sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le type d’établissement Table 5.5 School choice. ......................................................................................................................................................................... 168 Tableau 5.5 Choix de l’établissement PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 11 Table of contents / Table des matières Table 5.6 Parental expectations for high academic standards....................................................................................... 169 Tableau 5.6 Pressions parentales en faveur de performances scolaires élevées Table 5.7 Parents’ perceptions of school quality..................................................................................................................... 170 Tableau 5.7 Qualité des établissements selon l’avis des parents Table 5.8 Use of achievement data for accountability purposes................................................................................ 173 Tableau 5.8 Usage des résultats scolaires aux fins de responsabilisation Table 5.9 School accountability to parents............................................................................................................................... 174 Tableau 5.9 Responsabilité des établissements à l’égard des parents Table 5.10 Involvement of schools in decision making........................................................................................................ 175 Tableau 5.10 Participation des établissements à la prise de décisions Table 5.11 Influence of business and industry on the school curriculum. ............................................................... 179 Tableau 5.11 Influence du monde de l’entreprise et de l’industrie sur les programmes scolaires Table 5.12a Direct influence of stakeholders on decision making at school: staffing. ....................................... 180 Tableau 5.12a Influence directe des acteurs intervenant dans les décisions relatives au recrutement du personnel de l’établissement Table 5.12b Direct influence of stakeholders on decision making at school: budgeting.................................. 181 Tableau 5.12b Influence directe des acteurs intervenant dans les décisions relatives au budget de l’établissement Table 5.12c Direct influence of stakeholders on decision making at school: instructional content......... 182 Tableau 5.12c Influence directe des acteurs intervenant dans les décisions relatives aux contenus d’enseignement de l’établissement Click Here To View The Agreement. Table 5.12d Direct influence of stakeholders on decision making at school: assessment practices......... 183 Tableau 5.12d Influence directe des acteurs intervenant dans les décisions relatives aux pratiques d’évaluation de l’établissement Table 5.13 School principals’ perceptions of vacant science teaching positions and lack of qualified science teachers............................................................................................................................................... 184 Tableau 5.13 Postes vacants d’enseignants et offre correspondante d’enseignants qualifiés dans les matières scientifiques Table 5.14 Index of teacher shortage and student performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index and student/teacher ratio..................................................................................................................... 185 Tableau 5.14 Indice de pénurie d’enseignants et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice, et nombre d’élèves par enseignant Table 5.15 School principals’ perceptions of the quality of the schools’ educational resources and student performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index and number of computers for instruction per student...................................................................................................................... 187 Tableau 5.15 Qualité des moyens éducatifs des établissements, selon l’avis du chef d’établissement et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice, et nombre d’ordinateur utilisés aux fins d’instruction par chaque élève Table 5.16 Percentage of students taking various science courses................................................................................ 189 Tableau 5.16 Pourcentage d’élèves par matière scientifique Table 5.17 Percentage of students, by time spent on learning.......................................................................................... 191 Tableau 5.17 Pourcentage d’élèves par nombre hebdomadaire d’heures d’apprentissage Table 5.18 Index of school activities to promote the learning of science and student performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index.......................................................................................................... 194 Tableau 5.18 Indice d’activités scolaires visant à promouvoir l’apprentissage des sciences et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice 12 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Table of contents / Table des matières Table 5.19a Admitting, grouping and selecting and student performance in science. ....................................... 196 Tableau 5.19a Politiques d’admission, regroupement par aptitude et sélection des élèves, et performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.19b School management and funding and student performance in science.......................................... 197 Tableau 5.19b Relation entre les modalités de gestion et de financement des établissements et la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.19c Parental pressure and choice and student performance in science..................................................... 198 Tableau 5.19c Relation entre liberté de choix de l’établissement et la pression parentale et la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.19d Accountability policies and student performance in science.................................................................. 199 Tableau 5.19d Relation entre les politiques de responsabilisation et la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.19e School autonomy and student performance in science.............................................................................. 200 Tableau 5.19e Relation entre l’autonomie des établissements et la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.19f School resources and student performance in science................................................................................ 201 Tableau 5.19f Relation entre la dotation des établissements et la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.19g School and system factors and student performance in science, all significant factors combined................................................................................................................................... 202 Tableau 5.19g Facteurs scolaires et systémiques et performances des élèves en sciences, tous facteurs significatifs combinés Table 5.20a Admitting, grouping and selecting and the impact of socio-economic background on student performance in science........................................................................................................................... 205 Tableau 5.20a Relation entre les politiques d’admission, le regroupement par aptitude, la sélection des Click Here To View The Agreement. élèves et l’impact du milieu socioéconomique sur la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.20b School management and funding and the impact of socio-economic background on student performance in science........................................................................................................................... 206 Tableau 5.20b Relation entre les modalités de gestion et de financement des établissements et l’impact du milieu socioéconomique sur la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.20c Parental pressure and choice and the impact of socio-economic background on student performance in science........................................................................................................................... 207 Tableau 5.20c Relation entre la liberté de choix de l’établissement, la pression parentale et l’impact du milieu socioéconomique sur la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.20d Accountability policies and the impact of socio-economic background on student performance in science........................................................................................................................... 208 Tableau 5.20d Relation entre les politiques de responsabilisation et l’impact du milieu socioéconomique sur la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.20e School autonomy and the impact of socio-economic background on student performance in science........................................................................................................................... 209 Tableau 5.20e Relation entre l’autonomie des établissements et l’impact du milieu socioéconomique sur la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.20f School resources and the impact of socio-economic background on student performance in science........................................................................................................................... 210 Tableau 5.20f Relation entre la dotation des établissements et l’impact du milieu socioéconomique sur la performance des élèves en sciences Table 5.20g School and system factors and the impact of socio-economic background on student performance in science, all significant factors combined................................................ 211 Tableau 5.20g Facteurs scolaires et systémiques et impact du milieu socioéconomique sur la performance des élèves en sciences, tous facteurs significatifs combinés PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 13 Table of contents / Table des matières Table 5.21a Impact of demographic and socio-economic factors and of school factors on variance in student performance in science, by country................................................................................................. 214 Tableau 5.21a Impact des facteurs démographiques et socioéconomiques ainsi que des facteurs scolaires sur la variance de la performance des élèves en sciences, par pays Table 5.21b Effects of significant school factors and demographic and socio-economic factors on student performance in science, by country....................................................................................................... 216 Tableau 5.21b Effets des facteurs scolaires significatifs et des facteurs démographiques et socioéconomiques sur la performance des élèves en sciences, par pays Table 5.22 School and system characteristics of five OECD countries with above-average student performance in science and below-average impact of socio-economic background on student performance. .......................................................................................................................................................... 220 Tableau 5.22 Caractéristiques scolaires et systémiques de cinq pays de l’OCDE dont la performance des élèves en sciences est supérieure à la moyenne et dont l’impact socioéconomique sur la performance des élèves est inférieur à la moyenne Chapter / Chapitre 6 Table 6.1a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the reading scale............................................. 222 Tableau 6.1a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit Table 6.1b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the reading scale, by gender................... 223 Tableau 6.1b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit, selon le sexe Table 6.1c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance Click Here To View The Agreement. on the reading scale. ........................................................................................................................................................... 225 Tableau 6.1c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit Table 6.2a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the mathematics scale................................. 227 Tableau 6.2a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture mathématique Table 6.2b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the mathematics scale, by gender....... 228 Tableau 6.2b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture mathématique, selon le sexe Table 6.2c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the mathematics scale. ............................................................................................................................................... 230 Tableau 6.2c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de culture mathématique Table 6.3a Trends in reading since PISA 2000............................................................................................................................ 232 Tableau 6.3a Évolution des performances en compréhension de l’écrit depuis PISA 2000 Table 6.3b Trends in mathematics since PISA 2003................................................................................................................ 235 Tableau 6.3b Évolution des performances en mathématiques depuis PISA 2003 Table 6.3c Differences in percentiles in reading between PISA 2000, PISA 2003 and PISA 2006......... 236 Tableau 6.3c Différences observées en compréhension de l’écrit entre centiles de PISA 2000, PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Table 6.3d Differences in percentiles in mathematics between PISA 2003 and PISA 2006........................ 239 Tableau 6.3d Différences observées en culture mathématique entre centiles de PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Table 6.4a Effect of the highest level of parents’ education on student performance in science since PISA 2000. ........................................................................................................................................... 240 Tableau 6.4a Évolution de l’effet du niveau de formation le plus élevé des deux parents sur la performance des élèves en sciences depuis PISA 2000 14 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Table of contents / Table des matières Table 6.4b Effect of the highest level of parents’ education on student performance in reading since PISA 2000. ........................................................................................................................................... 241 Tableau 6.4b Évolution de l’effet du niveau de formation le plus élevé des deux parents sur la performance des élèves en compréhension de l’écrit depuis PISA 2000 Table 6.4c Effect of the highest level of parents’ education on student performance in mathematics since PISA 2000. ............................................................................................................................... 242 Tableau 6.4c Évolution de l’effet du niveau de formation le plus élevé des deux parents sur la performance des élèves en mathématiques depuis PISA 2000 Table 6.5a Effect of the highest occupational status of parents on student performance in science since PISA 2000. ........................................................................................................................................... 243 Tableau 6.5a Évolution de l’effet du statut professionnel le plus élevé des deux parents sur la performance des élèves en sciences depuis PISA 2000 Table 6.5b Effect of the highest occupational status of parents on student performance in reading since PISA 2000. ........................................................................................................................................... 244 Tableau 6.5b Évolution de l’effet du statut professionnel le plus élevé des deux parents sur la performance des élèves en compréhension de l’écrit depuis PISA 2000 Table 6.5c Effect of the highest occupational status of parents on student performance in mathematics since PISA 2000. ............................................................................................................................... 245 Tableau 6.5c Évolution de l’effet du statut professionnel le plus élevé des deux parents sur la performance des élèves en mathématiques depuis PISA 2000 II. Results for regions within countries / Résultats des régions au sein des pays. ...... 247 Click Here To View The Agreement. Table S2a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale............................................. 248 Tableau S2a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique Table S2b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale, by gender................... 249 Tableau S2b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, selon le sexe Table S2c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the science scale. ........................................................................................................................................................... 250 Tableau S2c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique Table S2d Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the identifying scientific issues scale................................................................................................................ 251 Tableau S2d Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique Table S2e Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the identifying scientific issues scale, by gender...................................................................................... 252 Tableau S2e Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique, selon le sexe Table S2f Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the identifying scientific issues scale................................................................................................................ 253 Tableau S2f Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique Table S2g Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale................................................................................................................................................................. 254 Tableau S2g Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 15 Table of contents / Table des matières Table S2h Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale, by gender....................................................................................................................................... 255 Tableau S2h Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes, selon le sexe Table S2i Tableau S2i Table S2j Tableau S2j Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale.......................................................................................... 256 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the using scientific evidence scale...... 257 Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques Table S2k Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the using scientific evidence scale, by gender.................................................................................................................................................................................... 258 Tableau S2k Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques, selon le sexe Table S2l Tableau S2l Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the using scientific evidence scale..................................................................................................................... 259 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques Table S2m Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the knowledge about science scale.............................................................................................................................................................. 260 Tableau S2m Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle Click Here To View The Agreement. connaissances à propos des sciences Table S2n Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Earth and space systems” scale........................................................................................................................................................... 261 Tableau S2n Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes de la Terre et de l’univers » Table S2o Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Living systems” scale........................................................................................................................................ 262 Tableau S2o Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes vivants » Table S2p Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Physical systems” scale................................................................................................................................... 263 Tableau S2p Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes physiques » Table S3a Index of self-efficacy in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ................................................................................................................................................... 264 Tableau S3a Indice de perception des capacités personnelles en sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table S3b Index of self-concept in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ................................................................................................................................................... 266 Tableau S3b Indice de perception de soi en sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table S3c Index of personal value of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ................................................................................................................................................... 268 Tableau S3c Indice de valorisation personnelle des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice 16 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Table of contents / Table des matières Table S3d Index of general interest in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ................................................................................................................................................... 270 Tableau S3d Indice d’intérêt général pour les sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table S3e Index of enjoyment of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ................................................................................................................................................... 272 Tableau S3e Indice du plaisir apporté par les sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table S3f Index of future-oriented motivation to learn science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index................................................................................................... 274 Tableau S3f Indice de motivation prospective pour l’apprentissage des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table S4a Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the science scale in PISA 2006............................................................................................................................. 276 Tableau S4a Variance intra- et inter-établissements du score des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique du cycle PISA 2006 Table S4b Differences in student performance in science by immigrant status.................................................. 278 Tableau S4b Variation de la performance des élèves en sciences selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Table S4c Relationship between student performance in science and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS).................................................................................................................................. 279 Tableau S4c Relation entre la performance des élèves en sciences et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) Table S4d Click Here To View The Agreement. Relationship between science motivational indices and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS).................................................................................................................................. 281 Tableau S4d Relation entre les indices de motivation et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) Table S4e Relationship between student perceptions of science and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS).................................................................................................................................. 282 Tableau S4e Relation entre les indices d’attitude à l’égard des sciences et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) Table S5a School admittance policies............................................................................................................................................. 283 Tableau S5a Politiques d’admission des établissements Table S5b Percentage of students and student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by type of school.......................................................................................................... 284 Tableau S5b Pourcentage d’élèves et scores des élèves sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le type d’établissement Table S5c School choice. ......................................................................................................................................................................... 287 Tableau S5c Choix de l’établissement Table S5d School accountability to parents and parental expectation for high academic standards.......... 288 Tableau S5d Responsabilité des établissements à l’égard des parents et pressions parentales en faveur de performances scolaires élevées Table S5e Use of achievement data for accountability purposes................................................................................. 289 Tableau S5e Usage des résultats scolaires aux fins de responsabilisation Table S5f Index of teacher shortage and student performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ................................................................................................................................................... 290 Tableau S5f Indice de pénurie d’enseignants et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 17 Table of contents / Table des matières Table S5g School principals’ perceptions of the quality of the schools’ educational resources and student performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index. ................................................ 292 Tableau S5g Qualité des moyens éducatifs selon l’avis du chef d’établissement et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table S5h Percentage of students taking various science courses................................................................................ 294 Tableau S5h Pourcentage d’élèves par matière scientifique Table S5i Percentage of students, by time spent on learning............................................................................................... 295 Tableau S5i Pourcentage d’élèves par nombre hebdomadaire d’heures d’apprentissage Table S5j Percentage of students participating in school activities to promote the learning of science.................................................................................................................................................................................... 298 Tableau S5j Pourcentage d’élèves participant à des activités scolaires visant à promouvoir l’apprentissage des sciences Table S5k Index of school activities to promote the learning of science and student performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index................................................................................................... 299 Tableau S5k Indice de participation à des activités scolaires visant à promouvoir l’apprentissage des sciences et performances des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Table S6a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the reading scale............................................. 301 Tableau S6a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit Table S6b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the reading scale, by gender................... 302 Tableau S6b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit, selon le sexe Click Here To View The Agreement. Table S6c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the reading scale. ........................................................................................................................................................... 304 Tableau S6c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit Table S6d Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the mathematics scale................................. 305 Tableau S6d Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture mathématique Table S6e Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the mathematics scale, by gender....... 306 Tableau S6e Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture mathématique, selon le sexe Table S6f Tableau S6f Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the mathematics scale. ............................................................................................................................................... 308 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de culture mathématique Table S6g Trends in reading since PISA 2000............................................................................................................................ 309 Tableau S6g Évolution des performances en compréhension de l’écrit depuis PISA 2000 Table S6h Trends in mathematics since PISA 2003................................................................................................................ 310 Tableau S6h Évolution des performances en mathématiques depuis PISA 2003 18 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Reader’s Guide Data underlying the figures This volume presents the data referred to in Chapters 2 to 6 of Volume 1. The data are also available, with additional detail, on the PISA website (www.pisa.oecd.org). Five symbols are used to denote missing data: a The category does not apply in the country concerned. Data are therefore missing. c There are too few observations to provide reliable estimates (i.e. there are fewer than 30 students or less than 3 % of students for this cell or too few schools for valid inferences). m Data are not available. These data were collected but subsequently removed from the publication for technical reasons. w Data have been withdrawn at the request of the country concerned. x Data are included in another category or column of the table. Calculation of international Here To View Click averages The Agreement. An OECD average was calculated for most indicators presented in this report. In the case of some indicators, a total representing the OECD area as a whole was also calculated: • The OECD average takes the OECD countries as a single entity, to which each country contributes with equal weight. For statistics such as percentages or mean scores, the OECD average corresponds to the arithmetic mean of the respective country statistics. • The OECD total takes the OECD countries as a single entity, to which each country contributes in proportion to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in its schools (see Annex A3 for data). It illustrates how a country compares with the OECD area as a whole. In this publication, the OECD total is generally used when references are made to the overall situation in the OECD area. Where the focus is on comparing performance across education systems, the OECD average is used. In the case of some countries, data may not be available for specific indicators, or specific categories may not apply. Readers should, therefore, keep in mind that the terms OECD average and OECD total refer to the OECD countries included in the respective comparisons. Rounding of figures Because of rounding, some figures in tables may not exactly add up to the totals. Totals, differences and averages are always calculated on the basis of exact numbers and are rounded only after calculation. All standard errors in this publication have been rounded to two decimal places. Where the value 0.00 is shown, this does not imply that the standard error is zero, but that it is smaller than 0.005. PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 19 Reader’s guide / Guide du lecteur Reporting of student data The report uses “15-year-olds” as shorthand for the PISA target population. PISA covers students who are aged between 15 years 3 months and 16 years 2 months at the time of the assessment and who have completed at least 6 years of formal schooling, regardless of the type of institution in which they are enrolled and of whether they are in full-time or part-time education, of whether they attend academic or vocational programmes, and of whether they attend public or private schools or foreign schools within the country. Reporting of school data The principals of the schools in which students were assessed provided information on their schools’ characteristics by completing a school questionnaire. Where responses from school principals are presented in this publication, they are weighted so that they are proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. Abbreviations used in this report The following abbreviations are used in this report: GDP ISCED PPP S.D. S.E. Gross Domestic Product International Standard Classification of Education Purchasing power parity Standard deviation Standard error Click Here To View The Agreement. Further documentation For further information on the PISA assessment instruments and the methods used in PISA, see the PISA 2006 Technical Report (OECD, forthcoming) and the PISA website (www.pisa.oecd.org). This report uses the OECD’s StatLinks service. Below each table and chart is a url leading to a corresponding Excel workbook containing the underlying data. These urls are stable and will remain unchanged over time. In addition, readers of the PISA 2006: Science Competencies for Tomorrow’s World e-book will be able to click directly on these links and the workbook will open in a separate window. 20 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Guide du lecteur Données des figures Ce volume présente les données auxquelles il est fait référence dans les Chapitres 2 à 6 du Volume 1. Des détails supplémentaires sont disponibles sur le site Web de l’enquête PISA (www.pisa.oecd.org). Les cinq symboles suivants indiquent que des données sont manquantes : a la catégorie ne s’applique pas au pays concerné, les données sont donc manquantes ; c les observations sont trop peu nombreuses pour calculer des estimations fiables (par exemple, les données portent sur moins de 30 élèves ou 3 % des élèves ou les établissements ne sont pas suffisamment nombreux pour faire des déductions valides) ; m les données ne sont pas disponibles. Elles ont été collectées mais ont ensuite été exclues de la publication par des raisons techniques ; w les données ont été exclues à la demande du pays concerné ; x les données sont incluses dans une autre catégorie ou dans une autre colonne du tableau. Click Here To View The Agreement. Calcul des moyennes internationales La moyenne de l’OCDE est calculée pour la plupart des indicateurs présentés dans ce rapport. La valeur totale, calculée à l’échelle de l’OCDE tous pays confondus, est également ajoutée dans certains indicateurs : • la moyenne de l’OCDE est calculée selon l’hypothèse que les pays membres de l’OCDE constituent une seule entité à laquelle chaque pays contribue dans la même mesure. Dans les statistiques telles que les proportions et les valeurs moyennes, la moyenne de l’OCDE est la moyenne arithmétique des valeurs de tous les pays de l’OCDE ; • le total de l’OCDE est calculé selon l’hypothèse que les pays de l’OCDE constituent une seule entité à laquelle chaque pays contribue dans une mesure proportionnelle au nombre d’élèves de 15 ans inscrits dans ses établissements d’enseignement (voir l’annexe A3 pour des données chiffrées). Le total de l’OCDE permet de comparer les pays par rapport à la situation générale dans tous les pays de l’OCDE. Dans ce rapport, le total de l’OCDE est la valeur utilisée lorsqu’il est fait référence à la situation dans l’ensemble des pays de l’OCDE, alors que la moyenne de l’OCDE est la variable employée lorsqu’il s’agit de comparer les performances des systèmes d’éducation entre eux. Par ailleurs, il arrive que les données de certains pays ne soient pas disponibles pour des indicateurs spécifiques ou que des catégories particulières de données ne soient pas applicables. Le lecteur doit garder présent à l’esprit le fait que les termes « moyenne de l’OCDE » et « total de l’OCDE » font référence aux pays inclus dans les comparaisons. PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 21 Reader’s guide / Guide du lecteur Arrondis Dans certains tableaux, il arrive que la somme des chiffres ne corresponde pas exactement au total mentionné en raison des ajustements d’arrondi. Les totaux, les différences et les moyennes sont systématiquement calculés à partir des chiffres exacts. Ils ne sont arrondis qu’une fois calculés. Toutes les erreurs types présentées dans ce rapport sont arrondies à la deuxième décimale. Si « 0.00 » est indiqué, cela ne signifie pas que l’erreur type est nulle, mais qu’elle est inférieure à 0.005. Présentation des données relatives aux élèves Le rapport désigne la population cible de l’enquête PISA par l’expression générique « les jeunes de 15 ans ». En pratique, il fait référence aux élèves qui avaient entre 15 ans et 3 mois accomplis et 16 ans et 2 mois accomplis au moment de l’évaluation et qui avaient suivi au moins 6 années d’enseignement formel, quels que soient le mode de scolarisation (à temps plein ou à temps partiel), la filière d’enseignement (générale ou professionnelle), ou le type d’établissement (établissement privé, public, ou étranger situé au sein du pays). Présentation des données relatives aux établissements Les chefs d’établissement des élèves soumis à l’évaluation ont été priés de remplir un questionnaire portant sur les caractéristiques de leur établissement. Les réponses des chefs d’établissement présentées dans ce rapport sont pondérées en fonction des effectifs d’élèves de 15 ans inscrits dans leur établissement. Click Here To View The Agreement. Abréviations Les abréviations suivantes sont employées dans ce rapport : GDP ISCED PPP S.D. S.E. Produit intérieur brut (PIB) Classification internationale type de l’éducation (CITE) Parités de pouvoir d’achat (PPA) Écart type (Éc. T.) Erreur type (Er. T.) Autres références Pour plus d’informations sur les instruments d’évaluation et la méthodologie de l’enquête PISA, il y a lieu de consulter le rapport technique sur le cycle PISA 2006 (PISA 2006 Technical Report, OCDE, à paraître) et le site Web de l’enquête PISA (www.pisa.oecd.org). Ce rapport applique le système « StatLinks »de l’OCDE : tous les tableaux et figures sont accompagnés d’un lien hypertexte (URL) qui donne accès à un classeur au format Excel contenant les données de référence. Ces liens sont stables et ne seront pas modifiés à l’avenir. De plus, il suffit aux lecteurs de la version électronique de PISA 2006 : Les compétences en sciences, un atout pour réussir de cliquer sur ces liens pour ouvrir les classeurs correspondants dans une autre fenêtre. 22 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / Données Click Here To View The Agreement. PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 23 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 2.1a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale Tableau 2.1a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 3.0 (0.3) 9.8 (0.5) 20.2 (0.6) 27.7 (0.5) 24.6 (0.5) 11.8 (0.5) 2.8 (0.3) Austria 4.3 (0.9) 12.0 (1.0) 21.8 (1.0) 28.3 (1.0) 23.6 (1.1) 8.8 (0.7) 1.2 (0.2) Belgium 4.8 (0.7) 12.2 (0.6) 20.8 (0.8) 27.6 (0.8) 24.5 (0.8) 9.1 (0.5) 1.0 (0.2) Canada 2.2 (0.3) 7.8 (0.5) 19.1 (0.6) 28.8 (0.6) 27.7 (0.6) 12.0 (0.5) 2.4 (0.2) Czech Republic 3.5 (0.6) 12.1 (0.8) 23.4 (1.2) 27.8 (1.1) 21.7 (0.9) 9.8 (0.9) 1.8 (0.3) Denmark 4.3 (0.6) 14.1 (0.8) 26.0 (1.1) 29.3 (1.0) 19.5 (0.9) 6.1 (0.7) 0.7 (0.2) Finland 0.5 (0.1) 3.6 (0.4) 13.6 (0.7) 29.1 (1.1) 32.2 (0.9) 17.0 (0.7) 3.9 (0.3) France 6.6 (0.7) 14.5 (1.0) 22.8 (1.1) 27.2 (1.1) 20.9 (1.0) 7.2 (0.6) 0.8 (0.2) Germany 4.1 (0.7) 11.3 (1.0) 21.4 (1.1) 27.9 (1.1) 23.6 (0.9) 10.0 (0.6) 1.8 (0.2) Greece 7.2 (0.9) 16.9 (0.9) 28.9 (1.2) 29.4 (1.0) 14.2 (0.8) 3.2 (0.3) 0.2 (0.1) Hungary 2.7 (0.3) 12.3 (0.8) 26.0 (1.2) 31.1 (1.1) 21.0 (0.9) 6.2 (0.6) 0.6 (0.2) Iceland 5.8 (0.5) 14.7 (0.8) 25.9 (0.7) 28.3 (0.9) 19.0 (0.7) 5.6 (0.5) 0.7 (0.2) Ireland 3.5 (0.5) 12.0 (0.8) 24.0 (0.9) 29.7 (1.0) 21.4 (0.9) 8.3 (0.6) 1.1 (0.2) Italy 7.3 (0.5) 18.0 (0.6) 27.6 (0.8) 27.4 (0.6) 15.1 (0.6) 4.2 (0.3) 0.4 (0.1) Japan 3.2 (0.4) 8.9 (0.7) 18.5 (0.9) 27.5 (0.9) 27.0 (1.1) 12.4 (0.6) 2.6 (0.3) Korea 2.5 (0.5) 8.7 (0.8) 21.2 (1.0) 31.8 (1.2) 25.5 (0.9) 9.2 (0.8) 1.1 (0.3) Luxembourg 6.5 (0.4) 15.6 (0.7) 25.4 (0.7) 28.6 (0.9) 18.1 (0.7) 5.4 (0.3) 0.5 (0.1) 18.2 (1.2) 32.8 (0.9) 30.8 (1.0) 14.8 (0.7) 3.2 (0.3) 0.3 (0.1) 0.0 a Netherlands 2.3 (0.4) 10.7 (0.9) 21.1 (1.0) 26.9 (0.9) 25.8 (1.0) 11.5 (0.8) 1.7 (0.2) New Zealand 4.0 (0.4) 9.7 (0.6) 19.7 (0.8) 25.1 (0.7) 23.9 (0.8) 13.6 (0.7) 4.0 (0.4) Norway 5.9 (0.8) 15.2 (0.8) 27.3 (0.8) 28.5 (1.0) 17.1 (0.7) 5.5 (0.4) 0.6 (0.1) Poland 3.2 (0.4) 13.8 (0.6) 27.5 (0.9) 29.4 (1.0) 19.3 (0.8) 6.1 (0.4) 0.7 (0.1) Portugal 5.8 (0.8) 18.7 (1.0) 28.8 (0.9) 28.8 (1.2) 14.7 (0.9) 3.0 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) Slovak Republic 5.2 (0.6) 15.0 (0.9) 28.0 (1.0) 28.1 (1.0) 17.9 (1.0) 5.2 (0.5) 0.6 (0.1) Spain 4.7 (0.4) 14.9 (0.7) 27.4 (0.8) 30.2 (0.7) 17.9 (0.8) 4.5 (0.4) 0.3 (0.1) Sweden 3.8 (0.4) 12.6 (0.6) 25.2 (0.9) 29.5 (0.9) 21.1 (0.9) 6.8 (0.5) 1.1 (0.2) Switzerland 4.5 (0.5) 11.6 (1.1) 9.1 (0.8) 1.4 (0.3) 12.9 (0.8) Click(0.6) 21.8 View The Agreement. Here31.3 (0.9) 28.2 (0.8) 23.5 To (1.4) 15.1 (1.1) 33.7 (1.3) 6.2 (1.2) 0.9 (0.3) 0.0 a United Kingdom 4.8 (0.5) 11.9 (0.6) 21.8 (0.7) 25.9 (0.7) 21.8 (0.6) 10.9 (0.5) 2.9 (0.3) United States 7.6 (0.9) 16.8 (0.9) 24.2 (0.9) 24.0 (0.8) 18.3 (1.0) 7.5 (0.6) 1.5 (0.2) OECD total 6.9 (0.3) 16.3 (0.3) 24.2 (0.4) 25.1 (0.3) 18.7 (0.3) 7.4 (0.2) 1.4 (0.1) OECD average 5.2 (0.1) 14.1 (0.1) 24.0 (0.2) 27.4 (0.2) 20.3 (0.2) 7.7 (0.1) 1.3 (0.0) Argentina 28.3 (2.3) 27.9 (1.4) 25.6 (1.3) 13.6 (1.3) 4.1 (0.6) 0.4 (0.1) 0.0 a Azerbaijan 19.4 (1.5) 53.1 (1.6) 22.4 (1.4) 4.7 (0.9) 0.4 (0.2) 0.0 a a a Brazil 27.9 (1.0) 33.1 (1.0) 23.8 (0.9) 11.3 (0.9) 3.4 (0.4) 0.5 (0.2) 0.0 (0.0) Bulgaria 18.3 (1.7) 24.3 (1.3) 25.2 (1.2) 18.8 (1.1) 10.3 (1.1) 2.6 (0.5) 0.4 (0.2) Chile 13.1 (1.1) 26.7 (1.5) 29.9 (1.2) 20.1 (1.4) 8.4 (1.0) 1.8 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Colombia 26.2 (1.7) 34.0 (1.6) 27.2 (1.5) 10.6 (1.0) 1.9 (0.3) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a Croatia 3.0 (0.4) 14.0 (0.7) 29.3 (0.9) 31.0 (1.0) 17.7 (0.9) 4.6 (0.4) 0.5 (0.1) Estonia 1.0 (0.2) 6.7 (0.6) 21.0 (0.9) 33.7 (1.0) 26.2 (0.9) 10.1 (0.7) 1.4 (0.3) Hong Kong-China 1.7 (0.4) 7.0 (0.7) 16.9 (0.8) 28.7 (0.9) 29.7 (1.0) 13.9 (0.8) 2.1 (0.3) Indonesia 20.3 (1.7) 41.3 (2.2) 27.5 (1.5) 9.5 (2.0) 1.4 (0.5) 0.0 a a a Israel 14.9 (1.2) 21.2 (1.0) 24.0 (0.9) 20.8 (1.0) 13.8 (0.8) 4.4 (0.5) 0.8 (0.2) Jordan 16.2 (0.9) 28.2 (0.9) 30.8 (0.8) 18.7 (0.8) 5.6 (0.7) 0.6 (0.2) 0.0 a Kyrgyzstan 58.2 (1.6) 28.2 (1.1) 10.0 (0.8) 2.9 (0.4) 0.7 (0.2) 0.0 a a a Latvia 3.6 (0.5) 13.8 (1.0) 29.0 (1.2) 32.9 (0.9) 16.6 (1.0) 3.8 (0.4) 0.3 (0.1) Liechtenstein 2.6 (1.0) 10.3 (2.1) 21.0 (2.8) 28.7 (2.6) 25.2 (2.5) 10.0 (1.8) 2.2 (0.8) Lithuania 4.3 (0.4) 16.0 (0.8) 27.4 (0.9) 29.8 (0.9) 17.5 (0.8) 4.5 (0.6) 0.4 (0.2) Macao-China 1.4 (0.2) 8.9 (0.5) 26.0 (1.0) 35.7 (1.1) 22.8 (0.7) 5.0 (0.3) 0.3 (0.1) Montenegro 17.3 (0.8) 33.0 (1.2) 31.0 (0.9) 14.9 (0.7) 3.6 (0.4) 0.3 (0.1) 0.0 a Qatar 47.6 (0.6) 31.5 (0.6) 13.9 (0.5) 5.0 (0.4) 1.6 (0.1) 0.3 (0.1) 0.0 (0.0) Romania OECD % Australia 16.0 (1.5) 30.9 (1.6) 31.8 (1.6) 16.6 (1.2) 4.2 (0.8) 0.5 (0.1) 0.0 a 5.2 (0.7) 17.0 (1.1) 30.2 (0.9) 28.3 (1.3) 15.1 (1.1) 3.7 (0.5) 0.5 (0.1) 11.9 (0.9) 26.6 (1.2) 32.3 (1.3) 21.8 (1.2) 6.6 (0.6) 0.8 (0.2) 0.0 a 2.8 (0.3) 11.1 (0.7) 23.1 (0.7) 27.6 (1.1) 22.5 (1.1) 10.7 (0.6) 2.2 (0.3) Mexico Partners Turkey Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei 1.9 (0.3) 9.7 (0.8) 18.6 (0.9) 27.3 (0.8) 27.9 (1.0) 12.9 (0.8) 1.7 (0.2) Thailand 12.6 (0.8) 33.5 (1.0) 33.2 (0.9) 16.3 (0.8) 4.0 (0.4) 0.4 (0.1) 0.0 a Tunisia Uruguay 27.7 16.7 (1.1) (1.2) 35.1 25.4 (0.9) (1.1) 25.0 29.8 (1.0) (1.5) 10.2 19.7 (1.0) (1.1) 1.9 6.9 (0.4) (0.5) 0.1 1.3 (0.1) (0.2) 0.0 0.1 a (0.1) 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 24 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.1b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale, by gender Tableau 2.1b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, selon le sexe Males – Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 3.6 (0.4) 10.3 (0.6) 19.7 (0.9) 26.6 (0.9) 24.2 (0.7) 12.3 (0.7) 3.3 (0.4) Austria 3.6 (0.8) 11.6 (1.3) 22.7 (1.6) 27.5 (1.3) 23.3 (1.4) 9.7 (1.0) 1.6 (0.3) Belgium 5.0 (1.0) 12.9 (1.0) 20.8 (1.0) 25.6 (0.9) 24.5 (0.9) 9.9 (0.7) 1.3 (0.2) Canada 2.4 (0.4) 8.1 (0.7) 18.1 (0.7) 27.5 (0.7) 28.1 (0.9) 12.9 (0.6) 2.8 (0.3) Czech Republic 2.6 (0.5) 11.7 (1.0) 24.5 (1.6) 28.0 (1.4) 21.4 (1.4) 9.9 (1.0) 2.0 (0.4) Denmark 4.2 (0.7) 13.6 (1.0) 24.8 (1.2) 28.6 (1.2) 21.0 (1.2) 7.0 (0.9) 0.8 (0.3) Finland 0.6 (0.2) 4.3 (0.6) 14.6 (0.8) 28.0 (1.3) 30.8 (1.1) 17.0 (1.0) 4.6 (0.5) France 7.5 (1.0) 14.5 (1.2) 22.2 (1.4) 25.3 (1.5) 20.9 (1.3) 8.5 (0.8) 1.1 (0.3) Germany 4.4 (0.8) 10.5 (1.1) 21.6 (1.2) 25.9 (1.2) 23.8 (1.4) 11.5 (1.0) 2.2 (0.4) Greece 9.3 (1.3) 18.9 (1.3) 27.2 (1.2) 26.4 (1.4) 14.2 (1.1) 3.7 (0.5) 0.3 (0.1) Hungary 2.8 (0.5) 12.8 (1.1) 25.2 (1.5) 28.7 (1.3) 22.0 (1.1) 7.6 (0.9) 0.8 (0.2) Iceland 6.9 (0.7) 15.5 (1.0) 25.8 (1.4) 26.0 (1.6) 19.2 (1.1) 5.8 (0.7) 0.8 (0.2) Ireland 4.1 (0.7) 12.5 (1.3) 23.2 (1.2) 28.8 (1.2) 21.1 (1.1) 8.9 (0.9) 1.4 (0.3) Italy 8.0 (0.7) 17.5 (0.9) 25.9 (1.0) 27.4 (0.9) 15.8 (0.7) 4.9 (0.4) 0.6 (0.1) Japan 3.6 (0.6) 9.2 (1.0) 18.1 (1.1) 25.8 (1.1) 26.5 (1.5) 13.7 (0.9) 3.3 (0.5) Korea 3.2 (0.7) 9.2 (1.0) 20.8 (1.6) 30.2 (1.4) 25.5 (1.3) 9.9 (1.1) 1.3 (0.4) Luxembourg 7.0 (0.6) 15.1 (1.0) 23.8 (1.2) 27.2 (1.3) 19.6 (1.1) 6.6 (0.6) 0.8 (0.2) 17.4 (1.5) 32.1 (1.3) 30.5 (1.4) 15.8 (0.9) 3.8 (0.4) 0.3 (0.1) 0.0 a Netherlands 2.4 (0.5) 9.9 (1.0) 20.7 (1.4) 27.3 (1.2) 24.9 (1.3) 13.0 (1.1) 2.0 (0.4) New Zealand 5.0 (0.7) 10.3 (0.8) 19.4 (1.2) 24.1 (1.2) 22.8 (1.1) 14.0 (1.0) 4.4 (0.7) Norway 7.3 (1.2) 15.1 (0.9) 26.5 (1.1) 27.7 (1.1) 16.7 (1.2) 6.0 (0.7) 0.7 (0.2) Poland 3.7 (0.5) 13.6 (0.8) 26.9 (1.5) 28.6 (1.4) 19.1 (1.1) 7.2 (0.7) 0.9 (0.2) Portugal 5.9 (0.9) 18.3 (1.5) 28.3 (1.2) 27.9 (1.5) 15.5 (1.0) 3.9 (0.6) 0.1 (0.1) Slovak Republic 5.5 (0.9) 14.6 (1.1) 27.0 (1.5) 27.4 (1.4) 18.8 (1.4) 6.0 (0.8) 0.8 (0.3) Spain 5.2 (0.5) 14.4 (0.9) 26.4 (1.0) 29.7 (1.0) 18.7 (1.0) 5.1 (0.5) 0.5 (0.2) Sweden 4.1 (0.6) 13.1 (0.9) 24.0 (1.1) 28.6 (1.4) 21.5 (1.1) 7.3 (0.7) 1.2 (0.3) Switzerland 4.6 (0.6) 10.9 (1.2) 9.7 (0.9) 1.4 (0.3) 15.2 (1.2) Click(0.6) 20.8 View The Agreement. Here29.0 (1.1) 28.5 (1.1) 24.0 To (1.6) 13.8 (1.2) 35.0 (1.6) 6.2 (1.3) 0.9 (0.4) 0.0 a United Kingdom 5.3 (0.7) 11.4 (0.9) 20.5 (0.8) 24.1 (0.9) 22.5 (0.8) 12.3 (0.8) 3.7 (0.5) United States 8.3 (1.2) 17.4 (1.3) 22.3 (1.2) 23.4 (1.1) 18.6 (1.3) 8.4 (0.8) 1.6 (0.3) OECD total 7.4 (0.4) 16.5 (0.4) 23.2 (0.5) 24.2 (0.4) 18.9 (0.5) 8.2 (0.3) 1.6 (0.1) OECD average OECD % Australia 5.6 (0.1) 14.1 (0.2) 23.4 (0.2) 26.4 (0.2) 20.5 (0.2) 8.5 (0.1) 1.5 (0.1) Argentina 30.7 (2.7) 28.1 (1.7) 25.1 (1.6) 12.2 (1.3) 3.4 (0.6) 0.4 (0.2) 0.0 a Azerbaijan 22.4 (1.8) 52.2 (1.8) 20.2 (1.6) 4.7 (1.0) 0.4 (0.2) 0.0 a a a Brazil 26.8 (1.2) 31.6 (1.2) 24.9 (1.2) 11.9 (1.2) 4.0 (0.5) 0.7 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Bulgaria 21.2 (2.1) 25.5 (1.6) 23.4 (1.6) 17.3 (1.3) 9.2 (1.2) 2.8 (0.6) 0.5 (0.2) Chile 10.8 (1.2) 25.0 (1.9) 29.7 (1.5) 22.2 (1.5) 9.9 (1.3) 2.3 (0.5) 0.1 (0.1) Colombia 25.2 (1.9) 32.2 (1.8) 27.6 (2.0) 12.3 (1.5) 2.5 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a Croatia 3.4 (0.7) 14.8 (1.0) 28.8 (1.2) 29.7 (1.2) 17.9 (1.0) 4.7 (0.5) 0.7 (0.2) Estonia 1.2 (0.4) 7.4 (0.8) 21.0 (1.1) 33.2 (1.2) 25.4 (1.4) 10.2 (0.9) 1.6 (0.3) Hong Kong-China 1.9 (0.5) 7.3 (0.8) 15.9 (1.1) 26.8 (1.1) 30.4 (1.3) 14.7 (1.1) 2.8 (0.5) Indonesia 18.7 (2.2) 39.9 (3.1) 28.0 (2.0) 11.5 (3.0) 1.8 (0.8) 0.0 a a a Israel 16.0 (1.6) 21.3 (1.3) 21.7 (1.1) 19.6 (1.1) 14.7 (1.2) 5.4 (0.8) 1.3 (0.3) Jordan 21.6 (1.4) 29.2 (1.4) 27.8 (1.2) 16.2 (1.2) 4.6 (0.9) 0.6 (0.3) 0.0 a Kyrgyzstan 60.0 (1.8) 26.2 (1.3) 9.7 (1.0) 3.2 (0.6) 1.0 (0.3) 0.0 a Latvia 4.0 (0.6) 15.1 (1.1) 29.3 (1.6) 31.9 (1.5) 15.4 (1.2) 4.0 (0.6) 0.3 (0.1) Liechtenstein 3.0 (1.7) 10.2 (3.9) 22.8 (4.6) 31.0 (4.4) 20.8 (4.1) 10.6 (2.8) 1.5 (1.2) Lithuania 4.9 (0.5) 17.2 (1.0) 27.9 (1.2) 28.5 (1.2) 16.9 (1.1) 4.1 (0.6) 0.4 (0.2) Macao-China 1.8 (0.3) 9.5 (0.7) 24.2 (1.0) 34.4 (1.5) 23.5 (1.6) 6.2 (0.6) 0.3 (0.2) Montenegro 17.7 (1.0) 33.1 (1.5) 30.4 (1.4) 15.0 (0.9) 3.5 (0.5) 0.3 (0.2) a a Qatar 57.7 (1.0) 26.2 (1.0) 9.5 (0.7) 4.3 (0.4) 1.9 (0.2) 0.4 (0.1) 0.0 (0.0) Romania 17.6 (1.6) 30.7 (1.7) 29.4 (1.6) 16.9 (1.6) 4.6 (0.8) 0.7 (0.2) 0.0 a 5.6 (0.8) 17.0 (1.1) 29.3 (1.3) 27.5 (2.0) 15.6 (1.4) 4.4 (0.7) 0.7 (0.2) 12.9 (1.1) 27.9 (1.4) 31.0 (1.6) 20.6 (1.5) 6.5 (0.7) 1.0 (0.3) 0.0 a 3.2 (0.4) 12.1 (1.0) 24.0 (1.1) 26.6 (1.6) 21.5 (1.5) 10.2 (1.0) 2.4 (0.5) Mexico Partners Turkey Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei a 2.0 (0.4) 9.7 (1.0) 17.4 (0.9) 26.4 (1.2) 28.8 (1.2) 13.8 (1.1) 2.0 (0.4) Thailand 17.1 (1.6) 34.7 (1.4) 29.1 (1.3) 14.9 (1.0) 3.8 (0.6) 0.5 (0.2) 0.0 a Tunisia Uruguay 29.3 18.2 (1.4) (1.8) 34.2 25.8 (1.3) (1.9) 24.5 27.8 (1.2) (1.9) 9.8 18.9 (1.2) (1.5) 2.0 7.3 (0.5) (0.7) 0.1 1.7 (0.1) (0.4) 0.0 0.2 a (0.1) 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 25 2 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.1b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale, by gender Tableau 2.1b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, selon le sexe Females – Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 2.5 (0.3) 9.3 (0.6) 20.8 (0.8) 28.9 (0.6) 25.0 (0.7) 11.2 (0.7) 2.4 (0.3) Austria 5.0 (1.3) 12.5 (1.2) 20.8 (1.5) 29.0 (1.5) 24.1 (1.6) 7.9 (0.9) 0.8 (0.2) Belgium 4.6 (0.7) 11.4 (0.8) 20.8 (1.1) 29.9 (1.4) 24.4 (1.2) 8.3 (0.7) 0.6 (0.2) Canada 1.9 (0.3) 7.5 (0.7) 20.0 (0.9) 30.2 (0.9) 27.2 (0.9) 11.2 (0.8) 2.0 (0.3) Czech Republic 4.7 (0.9) 12.5 (1.2) 22.0 (1.4) 27.5 (1.4) 22.2 (1.3) 9.6 (1.1) 1.6 (0.3) Denmark 4.5 (0.8) 14.5 (1.0) 27.1 (1.3) 30.0 (1.4) 18.1 (1.1) 5.2 (0.7) 0.6 (0.3) Finland 0.4 (0.2) 2.8 (0.5) 12.6 (0.9) 30.3 (1.3) 33.7 (1.2) 16.9 (1.0) 3.3 (0.5) France 5.8 (0.7) 14.6 (1.2) 23.4 (1.4) 28.9 (1.3) 20.8 (1.3) 6.0 (0.8) 0.5 (0.2) Germany 3.7 (0.7) 12.1 (1.2) 21.1 (1.3) 29.9 (1.5) 23.3 (1.1) 8.4 (0.7) 1.4 (0.4) Greece 5.1 (0.8) 14.9 (1.0) 30.7 (1.8) 32.5 (1.5) 14.1 (1.1) 2.7 (0.5) 0.1 (0.1) Hungary 2.6 (0.5) 11.9 (1.2) 26.9 (1.6) 33.6 (1.7) 19.8 (1.3) 4.8 (0.7) 0.4 (0.2) Iceland 4.7 (0.7) 14.0 (1.1) 25.9 (1.2) 30.5 (1.5) 18.8 (1.0) 5.4 (0.8) 0.7 (0.3) Ireland 3.0 (0.5) 11.5 (0.9) 24.8 (1.7) 30.6 (1.6) 21.6 (1.2) 7.6 (0.8) 0.9 (0.3) Italy 6.5 (0.5) 18.5 (0.8) 29.3 (1.0) 27.4 (0.9) 14.4 (0.7) 3.6 (0.4) 0.3 (0.1) Japan 2.8 (0.7) 8.5 (1.0) 18.8 (1.2) 29.2 (1.3) 27.5 (1.6) 11.2 (0.9) 2.0 (0.4) Korea 1.8 (0.4) 8.3 (1.1) 21.5 (1.1) 33.3 (1.4) 25.5 (1.3) 8.6 (0.9) 0.9 (0.3) Luxembourg 6.1 (0.6) 16.1 (1.0) 27.0 (1.1) 29.9 (1.1) 16.5 (0.9) 4.1 (0.5) 0.3 (0.2) 18.9 (1.3) 33.4 (1.1) 31.0 (1.1) 13.9 (0.8) 2.6 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a Netherlands 2.2 (0.5) 11.5 (1.2) 21.6 (1.2) 26.6 (1.3) 26.8 (1.3) 9.9 (0.8) 1.3 (0.3) New Zealand 3.1 (0.4) 9.1 (0.8) 20.0 (1.2) 26.0 (1.0) 24.9 (1.1) 13.3 (1.1) 3.6 (0.5) Norway 4.3 (0.7) 15.3 (1.1) 28.1 (1.1) 29.4 (1.6) 17.5 (1.2) 4.9 (0.7) 0.5 (0.2) Poland 2.7 (0.4) 13.9 (0.8) 28.1 (1.0) 30.3 (1.2) 19.5 (1.1) 5.0 (0.6) 0.5 (0.2) Portugal 5.6 (0.9) 19.0 (1.1) 29.3 (1.2) 29.8 (1.5) 14.0 (1.2) 2.2 (0.3) 0.0 (0.0) Slovak Republic 4.8 (0.7) 15.5 (1.3) 29.2 (1.2) 28.8 (1.3) 17.0 (1.3) 4.4 (0.5) 0.4 (0.2) Spain 4.3 (0.5) 15.4 (0.9) 28.3 (1.2) 30.7 (0.9) 17.1 (0.9) 4.0 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Sweden 3.4 (0.5) 12.0 (0.9) 26.4 (1.6) 30.4 (1.4) 20.6 (1.3) 6.2 (0.7) 1.0 (0.3) Switzerland 4.4 (0.5) 12.2 (1.3) 8.4 (1.0) 1.4 (0.4) 10.1 (1.1) Click(0.8) 22.8 View The Agreement. Here34.1 (1.1) 27.8 (1.0) 23.0 To (1.9) 16.6 (1.4) 32.2 (1.8) 6.1 (1.2) 0.9 (0.4) 0.0 a United Kingdom 4.3 (0.5) 12.4 (0.9) 23.0 (1.0) 27.7 (1.0) 21.1 (1.0) 9.4 (0.7) 2.1 (0.4) United States 6.8 (0.8) 16.2 (1.1) 26.2 (1.2) 24.6 (1.0) 18.0 (1.0) 6.7 (0.8) 1.5 (0.4) OECD total 6.3 (0.3) 16.2 (0.3) 25.3 (0.4) 26.1 (0.4) 18.5 (0.3) 6.5 (0.2) 1.1 (0.1) OECD average 4.7 (0.1) 14.0 (0.2) 24.7 (0.2) 28.5 (0.2) 20.2 (0.2) 6.9 (0.1) 1.0 (0.1) Argentina 26.2 (2.5) 27.8 (1.7) 26.0 (1.5) 14.9 (1.7) 4.6 (0.9) 0.5 (0.2) a a Azerbaijan 16.1 (1.7) 54.1 (1.8) 24.8 (1.8) 4.7 (0.9) 0.4 (0.2) a a a a Brazil 28.9 (1.2) 34.4 (1.1) 22.8 (1.2) 10.7 (0.9) 2.8 (0.5) 0.4 (0.2) 0.0 a Bulgaria 15.2 (1.8) 23.1 (1.9) 27.0 (1.8) 20.5 (1.6) 11.4 (1.5) 2.4 (0.5) 0.4 (0.2) Chile 15.7 (1.4) 28.6 (1.5) 30.1 (1.5) 17.6 (1.6) 6.6 (1.0) 1.2 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) Colombia 27.0 (2.0) 35.5 (2.1) 26.9 (2.0) 9.1 (1.2) 1.4 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) a a Croatia 2.6 (0.5) 13.1 (1.2) 29.7 (1.5) 32.3 (1.4) 17.5 (1.2) 4.4 (0.6) 0.4 (0.1) Estonia 0.7 (0.2) 6.0 (0.7) 21.0 (1.2) 34.2 (1.5) 27.0 (1.3) 10.0 (1.0) 1.2 (0.3) Hong Kong-China 1.5 (0.3) 6.7 (0.8) 17.9 (1.1) 30.5 (1.6) 29.1 (1.3) 13.0 (1.2) 1.3 (0.3) Indonesia 22.0 (1.6) 42.7 (1.9) 27.0 (1.7) 7.3 (1.2) 1.0 (0.4) 0.0 a a a Israel 13.8 (1.4) 21.1 (1.1) 26.3 (1.4) 22.0 (1.4) 12.9 (1.0) 3.5 (0.5) 0.3 (0.2) Jordan 10.8 (1.0) 27.1 (1.2) 33.7 (1.0) 21.2 (1.3) 6.5 (0.7) 0.7 (0.2) 0.0 a Kyrgyzstan 56.6 (1.7) 29.9 (1.3) 10.4 (0.9) 2.6 (0.4) 0.5 (0.2) 0.0 a a a Latvia 3.2 (0.6) 12.7 (1.2) 28.7 (1.5) 33.9 (1.3) 17.7 (1.2) 3.7 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) Liechtenstein 2.3 (1.2) 10.3 (2.6) 19.4 (3.6) 26.7 (3.3) 29.0 (3.7) 9.5 (2.3) 2.8 (1.3) Lithuania 3.8 (0.6) 14.8 (1.3) 26.8 (1.4) 31.1 (1.2) 18.1 (1.2) 5.0 (0.8) 0.4 (0.2) Macao-China 1.0 (0.3) 8.2 (0.7) 27.8 (1.4) 36.9 (1.5) 22.0 (1.1) 3.8 (0.6) 0.2 (0.1) Montenegro 16.8 (1.1) 32.8 (1.8) 31.6 (1.1) 14.8 (0.9) 3.8 (0.5) 0.2 (0.2) 0.0 a Qatar 37.3 (0.9) 36.9 (1.0) 18.3 (0.9) 5.9 (0.6) 1.4 (0.2) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a Romania OECD % Australia 14.3 (1.9) 31.2 (2.0) 34.2 (2.5) 16.2 (1.5) 3.9 (1.0) 0.2 (0.1) a a 4.9 (0.7) 16.9 (1.4) 31.1 (1.1) 29.1 (1.3) 14.6 (1.1) 3.0 (0.4) 0.3 (0.2) Mexico Partners Turkey Russian Federation Serbia 10.9 (1.2) 25.3 (1.5) 33.5 (1.5) 23.1 (1.4) 6.6 (0.7) 0.6 (0.2) a a Slovenia 2.4 (0.5) 10.1 (0.7) 22.3 (0.9) 28.6 (1.1) 23.5 (1.4) 11.2 (1.0) 1.9 (0.4) Chinese Taipei 1.9 (0.4) 9.7 (1.1) 19.9 (1.4) 28.3 (1.1) 26.9 (1.5) 12.0 (1.1) 1.4 (0.3) Thailand 9.3 (0.9) 32.6 (1.2) 36.3 (1.2) 17.3 (1.1) 4.1 (0.5) 0.4 (0.1) 0.0 a Tunisia Uruguay 26.2 15.3 (1.4) (1.3) 35.9 25.0 (1.4) (1.2) 25.4 31.7 (1.3) (1.9) 10.6 20.5 (1.3) (1.5) 1.8 6.5 (0.6) (0.7) 0.1 0.9 (0.1) (0.3) a 0.1 a (0.1) 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 26 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.1c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the science scale Tableau 2.1c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique All students Mean score Gender differences Standard deviation Males Difference (M - F) Females Partners OECD Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Score dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 527 511 510 534 513 496 563 495 516 473 504 491 508 475 531 522 486 410 525 530 487 498 474 488 488 503 512 424 515 489 491 500 (2.3) (3.9) (2.5) (2.0) (3.5) (3.1) (2.0) (3.4) (3.8) (3.2) (2.7) (1.6) (3.2) (2.0) (3.4) (3.4) (1.1) (2.7) (2.7) (2.7) (3.1) (2.3) (3.0) (2.6) (2.6) (2.4) (3.2) (3.8) (2.3) (4.2) (1.2) (0.5) 100 98 100 94 98 93 86 102 100 92 88 97 94 96 100 90 97 81 96 107 96 90 89 93 91 94 99 83 107 106 104 95 (1.0) (2.4) (2.0) (1.1) (2.0) (1.4) (1.0) (2.1) (2.0) (2.0) (1.6) (1.2) (1.5) (1.3) (2.0) (2.4) (0.9) (1.5) (1.6) (1.4) (2.0) (1.1) (1.7) (1.8) (1.0) (1.4) (1.7) (3.2) (1.5) (1.7) (0.6) (0.3) 527 515 511 536 515 500 562 497 519 468 507 488 508 477 533 521 491 413 528 528 484 500 477 491 491 504 514 418 520 489 492 501 (3.2) (4.2) (3.3) (2.5) (4.2) (3.6) (2.6) (4.3) (4.6) (4.5) (3.3) (2.6) (4.3) (2.8) (4.9) (4.8) (1.8) (3.2) (3.2) (3.9) (3.8) (2.7) (3.7) (3.9) (2.9) (2.7) (3.3) (4.6) (3.0) (5.1) (1.4) (0.7) 527 507 510 532 510 491 565 494 512 479 501 494 509 474 530 523 482 406 521 532 489 496 472 485 486 503 509 430 510 489 490 499 (2.7) (4.9) (3.2) (2.1) (4.8) (3.4) (2.4) (3.6) (3.8) (3.4) (3.5) (2.1) (3.3) (2.5) (5.1) (3.9) (1.8) (2.6) (3.1) (3.6) (3.2) (2.6) (3.2) (3.0) (2.7) (2.9) (3.6) (4.1) (2.8) (4.0) (1.3) (0.6) 0 8 1 4 5 9 -3 3 7 -11 6 -6 0 3 3 -2 9 7 7 -4 -4 3 5 6 4 1 6 -12 10 1 3 2 (3.8) (4.9) (4.1) (2.2) (5.6) (3.2) (2.9) (4.0) (3.7) (4.7) (4.2) (3.4) (4.3) (3.5) (7.4) (5.5) (2.9) (2.2) (3.0) (5.2) (3.4) (2.5) (3.3) (4.7) (2.4) (3.0) (2.7) (4.1) (3.4) (3.5) (1.3) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 391 382 390 434 438 388 493 531 542 393 454 422 322 490 522 488 511 412 349 418 479 436 519 532 421 386 428 (6.1) (2.8) (2.8) (6.1) (4.3) (3.4) (2.4) (2.5) (2.5) (5.7) (3.7) (2.8) (2.9) (3.0) (4.1) (2.8) (1.1) (1.1) (0.9) (4.2) (3.7) (3.0) (1.1) (3.6) (2.1) (3.0) (2.7) 101 56 89 107 92 85 86 84 92 70 111 90 84 84 97 90 78 80 84 81 90 85 98 94 77 82 94 (2.6) (1.9) (1.9) (3.2) (1.8) (1.8) (1.4) (1.1) (1.9) (3.3) (2.0) (1.9) (2.0) (1.3) (3.1) (1.6) (0.8) (0.9) (0.8) (2.4) (1.4) (1.6) (1.0) (1.6) (1.5) (2.0) (1.8) 384 379 395 426 448 393 492 530 546 399 456 408 319 486 516 483 513 411 334 417 481 433 515 536 411 383 427 (6.5) (3.1) (3.2) (6.6) (5.4) (4.1) (3.3) (3.1) (3.5) (8.2) (5.6) (4.5) (3.6) (3.5) (7.6) (3.1) (1.8) (1.7) (1.2) (4.1) (4.1) (3.3) (2.0) (4.3) (3.4) (3.2) (4.0) 397 386 386 443 426 384 494 533 539 387 452 436 325 493 527 493 509 413 365 419 478 438 523 529 428 388 430 (6.8) (2.7) (2.9) (6.9) (4.4) (4.1) (3.1) (2.9) (3.5) (3.7) (4.2) (3.3) (3.0) (3.2) (6.3) (3.1) (1.6) (1.7) (1.3) (4.8) (3.7) (3.8) (1.9) (5.1) (2.5) (3.5) (2.7) -13 -8 9 -17 22 9 -2 -4 7 12 3 -29 -6 -7 -11 -9 4 -2 -32 -2 3 -5 -8 7 -17 -5 -3 (5.6) (2.0) (2.3) (5.8) (4.8) (4.6) (4.1) (3.1) (4.9) (6.3) (6.5) (5.3) (3.0) (3.1) (11.1) (2.8) (2.7) (2.6) (1.9) (3.3) (2.7) (3.8) (3.2) (6.0) (3.9) (3.4) (4.0) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 27 2 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.1c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the science scale Tableau 2.1c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique Percentiles 5th 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Partners OECD Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 358 341 336 372 350 341 419 320 345 317 358 328 351 318 356 367 322 281 362 347 328 352 329 334 338 347 340 301 337 318 321 340 (3.5) (9.3) (7.3) (4.7) (6.0) (5.9) (4.4) (6.3) (8.1) (7.3) (4.4) (4.9) (5.8) (3.1) (6.1) (8.4) (3.9) (4.4) (5.9) (5.2) (7.8) (3.8) (5.4) (5.6) (4.1) (3.8) (5.0) (2.8) (5.4) (4.5) (1.8) (1.0) 395 378 374 410 385 373 453 359 381 353 388 364 385 351 396 403 358 306 395 389 365 381 357 368 370 381 378 325 376 349 354 375 (3.4) (6.2) (5.4) (3.7) (5.2) (4.8) (3.3) (5.5) (7.0) (5.4) (4.2) (3.1) (4.4) (2.8) (6.2) (5.7) (2.8) (4.2) (5.4) (4.5) (5.6) (2.9) (4.8) (3.7) (3.7) (4.0) (4.9) (3.2) (4.3) (5.9) (1.9) (0.9) 459 443 442 472 443 432 506 424 447 413 442 424 444 409 465 462 419 354 456 455 422 434 411 426 427 439 445 366 441 412 416 434 (2.6) (5.4) (3.8) (2.5) (4.6) (4.3) (2.9) (5.3) (5.3) (4.4) (3.5) (2.6) (4.6) (3.0) (5.1) (4.1) (2.0) (3.6) (4.7) (3.6) (3.9) (2.7) (4.2) (3.2) (3.0) (3.3) (3.9) (2.6) (3.2) (5.4) (1.6) (0.7) 598 582 584 601 583 562 622 570 587 537 566 560 575 543 603 586 556 465 596 608 553 562 539 555 552 569 584 475 590 567 567 568 (2.5) (4.1) (2.4) (2.2) (3.9) (2.9) (2.5) (4.0) (3.6) (3.3) (3.3) (2.3) (3.4) (2.4) (3.1) (3.8) (2.4) (2.9) (2.6) (2.9) (3.0) (3.1) (3.0) (4.0) (3.1) (2.8) (3.5) (5.8) (3.1) (4.6) (1.3) (0.6) 653 633 634 651 641 615 673 623 642 589 617 614 630 598 654 635 609 516 646 667 610 615 588 609 604 622 636 540 652 628 626 622 (2.9) (3.6) (2.3) (2.4) (4.3) (3.7) (2.9) (4.0) (3.2) (4.1) (3.1) (2.9) (3.7) (2.6) (3.1) (4.7) (2.8) (3.0) (3.4) (3.3) (3.5) (3.3) (2.9) (4.1) (3.0) (2.6) (3.8) (9.7) (2.9) (4.3) (1.3) (0.7) 685 663 660 681 672 646 700 653 672 619 646 644 660 630 685 662 640 544 675 699 641 645 617 638 633 654 665 575 685 662 659 652 (3.4) (4.1) (2.7) (2.8) (4.7) (4.3) (3.1) (3.8) (3.6) (3.8) (4.2) (3.4) (4.9) (2.8) (3.6) (5.9) (2.6) (3.5) (3.6) (3.1) (3.4) (3.3) (3.2) (3.9) (3.1) (3.4) (4.6) (9.8) (3.5) (4.8) (1.5) (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 218 300 254 266 295 247 354 392 380 286 275 276 191 348 358 340 378 286 229 291 333 297 358 369 300 254 274 (9.9) (3.1) (4.5) (8.1) (4.8) (6.3) (4.5) (4.7) (6.2) (4.1) (5.7) (5.2) (4.9) (5.2) (11.2) (3.8) (3.6) (2.7) (2.1) (4.5) (5.6) (4.9) (3.8) (4.5) (4.0) (4.2) (6.8) 259 316 281 300 323 280 383 422 418 307 310 309 220 380 393 370 409 312 253 314 364 327 391 402 325 283 306 (9.0) (2.4) (3.2) (7.1) (4.1) (4.5) (3.8) (3.8) (6.1) (3.5) (5.2) (4.0) (3.8) (4.2) (12.8) (3.2) (2.5) (2.1) (1.4) (5.0) (5.4) (4.0) (2.8) (5.0) (3.4) (3.4) (4.9) 324 344 328 358 374 332 433 474 482 345 374 362 267 432 457 425 458 355 292 361 418 377 449 466 368 328 363 (7.2) (2.6) (2.3) (6.4) (4.0) (4.8) (3.1) (3.2) (3.6) (4.2) (4.8) (2.8) (3.2) (3.7) (7.3) (3.3) (1.9) (2.2) (1.8) (5.2) (4.4) (3.8) (2.7) (5.3) (2.8) (2.9) (4.1) 461 414 447 509 501 445 553 589 609 438 535 484 372 547 591 551 566 466 396 473 541 495 589 602 471 440 493 (6.6) (3.5) (4.5) (7.8) (5.9) (4.7) (2.7) (3.1) (2.8) (8.0) (4.6) (3.5) (3.3) (3.5) (7.1) (3.5) (1.8) (2.2) (1.4) (5.7) (4.2) (3.9) (2.1) (3.4) (3.3) (4.2) (3.3) 520 456 510 577 560 496 604 640 655 488 601 537 428 597 643 604 611 517 462 526 596 545 647 651 524 495 550 (6.5) (6.4) (5.6) (8.2) (6.5) (4.6) (3.2) (3.3) (3.5) (11.8) (4.5) (4.5) (5.0) (3.5) (9.4) (4.2) (1.8) (3.0) (2.6) (5.7) (3.9) (3.8) (3.3) (2.7) (3.8) (6.0) (3.6) 555 485 549 612 595 528 634 668 682 518 636 568 468 627 675 633 635 549 505 557 627 576 680 676 554 527 583 (6.6) (7.3) (5.3) (8.3) (6.1) (4.7) (3.5) (3.7) (3.1) (11.7) (5.5) (5.4) (6.7) (3.1) (13.4) (5.5) (2.6) (3.7) (4.1) (8.2) (4.2) (4.0) (3.0) (3.4) (4.2) (6.9) (4.2) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 28 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 1/1 ] Table 2.2a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the identifying scientific issues scale Tableau 2.2a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 2.5 (0.2) 8.1 (0.4) 18.7 (0.6) 28.5 (0.6) 26.6 (0.6) 12.6 (0.5) 3.1 (0.4) Austria 3.3 (0.6) 12.2 (0.9) 23.9 (1.2) 30.7 (1.2) 23.1 (1.1) 6.4 (0.8) 0.3 (0.1) Belgium 4.5 (0.8) 10.5 (0.6) 21.2 (0.8) 28.5 (0.8) 24.0 (0.7) 9.7 (0.5) 1.5 (0.2) Canada 2.9 (0.3) 8.0 (0.5) 18.9 (0.6) 29.3 (0.6) 26.6 (0.7) 11.6 (0.6) 2.7 (0.3) Czech Republic 4.4 (0.8) 13.4 (0.9) 24.9 (1.2) 28.4 (1.2) 20.5 (1.0) 7.3 (0.7) 1.2 (0.3) Denmark 4.4 (0.5) 13.7 (0.9) 26.3 (1.0) 31.5 (0.9) 18.6 (0.8) 5.1 (0.6) 0.4 (0.2) Finland 0.9 (0.2) 4.0 (0.4) 14.5 (0.7) 30.6 (0.9) 32.9 (1.1) 14.5 (0.7) 2.6 (0.3) France 6.7 (0.7) 13.7 (0.9) 21.9 (1.0) 27.2 (1.2) 21.4 (1.0) 7.9 (0.7) 1.2 (0.3) Germany 4.5 (0.8) 11.3 (0.8) 22.2 (0.8) 29.2 (1.0) 23.6 (1.0) 7.9 (0.6) 1.3 (0.2) Greece 8.1 (0.8) 16.5 (0.8) 29.3 (0.9) 30.0 (0.9) 13.7 (0.8) 2.2 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Hungary 3.9 (0.6) 14.2 (0.8) 31.1 (1.0) 33.6 (1.0) 14.8 (0.8) 2.3 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) Iceland 6.6 (0.6) 14.0 (0.8) 24.7 (0.9) 27.1 (0.8) 19.2 (0.7) 7.3 (0.5) 1.1 (0.2) Ireland 3.0 (0.4) 10.7 (0.8) 23.2 (1.1) 29.2 (0.8) 22.9 (0.9) 9.2 (0.7) 1.8 (0.3) Italy 8.2 (0.5) 17.0 (0.6) 27.9 (0.7) 26.8 (0.7) 15.3 (0.7) 4.4 (0.4) 0.5 (0.1) Japan 4.8 (0.8) 9.7 (0.7) 19.4 (0.9) 27.0 (1.0) 24.9 (1.0) 11.5 (0.7) 2.5 (0.3) Korea 3.0 (0.5) 8.8 (0.8) 21.3 (0.9) 32.2 (1.1) 25.4 (1.1) 8.2 (0.8) 1.1 (0.3) Luxembourg 5.8 (0.4) 15.8 (0.6) 27.6 (0.8) 29.5 (0.9) 16.9 (0.8) 4.1 (0.3) 0.3 (0.1) 15.1 (1.0) 29.0 (0.9) 32.8 (0.9) 18.0 (0.7) 4.5 (0.4) 0.5 (0.1) 0.0 (0.0) Netherlands 3.2 (0.6) 9.0 (0.8) 19.4 (1.1) 26.0 (1.3) 25.3 (1.1) 13.6 (0.8) 3.5 (0.4) New Zealand 3.4 (0.4) 8.9 (0.6) 18.5 (0.7) 25.5 (0.9) 25.1 (1.0) 14.2 (0.8) 4.3 (0.4) Norway 5.3 (0.8) 14.5 (0.8) 27.2 (0.9) 29.5 (1.0) 17.7 (0.9) 5.2 (0.6) 0.6 (0.2) Poland 4.0 (0.4) 15.7 (0.9) 30.4 (0.8) 30.8 (0.9) 15.7 (0.8) 3.1 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Portugal 4.8 (0.6) 15.7 (0.9) 27.7 (1.0) 29.4 (1.1) 17.6 (1.0) 4.5 (0.5) 0.3 (0.1) Slovak Republic 7.0 (0.8) 15.8 (1.1) 29.5 (1.2) 28.9 (1.1) 15.2 (1.2) 3.5 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Spain 4.5 (0.3) 13.8 (0.7) 27.9 (0.7) 32.1 (0.6) 17.5 (0.7) 3.9 (0.4) 0.3 (0.1) Sweden 4.7 (0.4) 13.1 (0.8) 25.4 (1.1) 29.7 (1.1) 19.7 (0.9) 6.5 (0.5) 1.0 (0.2) Switzerland 3.7 (0.4) 10.6 (1.0) 9.0 (0.7) 1.0 (0.2) 11.2 (0.9) Click(0.6) 21.4 View The Agreement. Here34.2 (0.9) 29.9 (0.8) 24.4 To (1.3) 18.1 (1.2) 31.2 (1.2) 4.9 (0.9) 0.5 (0.2) a a United Kingdom 4.8 (0.5) 11.3 (0.6) 22.5 (0.6) 26.6 (0.8) 22.0 (0.7) 10.1 (0.5) 2.7 (0.3) United States 5.6 (0.7) 16.0 (1.1) 25.2 (0.9) 26.7 (0.9) 18.4 (0.9) 6.9 (0.6) 1.2 (0.3) OECD total 6.3 (0.2) 15.6 (0.3) 25.1 (0.3) 26.6 (0.3) 18.5 (0.3) 6.7 (0.2) 1.2 (0.1) OECD average OECD % Australia 5.2 (0.1) 13.5 (0.1) 24.6 (0.2) 28.3 (0.2) 20.0 (0.2) 7.1 (0.1) 1.3 (0.0) Argentina 25.3 (2.0) 28.6 (1.1) 27.7 (1.3) 14.1 (1.2) 4.0 (0.6) 0.4 (0.2) 0.0 a Azerbaijan 38.9 (2.1) 42.8 (1.6) 15.8 (1.2) 2.4 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a a a Brazil 25.3 (1.1) 30.1 (1.3) 27.1 (1.2) 12.9 (0.9) 4.0 (0.5) 0.6 (0.2) 0.0 (0.0) Bulgaria 20.8 (2.0) 23.9 (1.2) 24.5 (1.2) 18.7 (1.2) 9.3 (1.0) 2.5 (0.6) 0.3 (0.1) Chile 11.2 (0.9) 24.3 (1.2) 32.2 (0.9) 22.0 (1.1) 8.7 (0.9) 1.6 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) Colombia 22.4 (1.4) 28.1 (1.2) 30.3 (1.2) 15.1 (1.0) 3.6 (0.5) 0.5 (0.2) 0.0 a Croatia 3.1 (0.5) 13.5 (0.8) 29.2 (0.9) 31.5 (1.0) 17.7 (0.8) 4.5 (0.5) 0.6 (0.1) Estonia 1.1 (0.2) 7.8 (0.7) 24.6 (0.9) 36.9 (0.9) 23.9 (1.0) 5.5 (0.6) 0.3 (0.1) Hong Kong-China 3.7 (0.5) 9.2 (0.6) 18.6 (0.8) 28.3 (1.0) 25.7 (0.9) 12.0 (0.8) 2.5 (0.4) Indonesia 22.3 (1.7) 37.0 (1.7) 28.5 (1.3) 10.5 (1.7) 1.5 (0.5) 0.2 (0.2) a a Israel 14.8 (1.0) 20.0 (0.7) 24.2 (0.8) 21.4 (0.9) 13.8 (0.9) 4.6 (0.5) 1.1 (0.2) Jordan 19.7 (0.9) 29.6 (1.0) 30.6 (1.2) 16.1 (0.9) 3.7 (0.5) 0.3 (0.1) a a Kyrgyzstan 55.3 (1.5) 28.6 (1.1) 12.1 (0.8) 3.3 (0.5) 0.6 (0.2) 0.1 (0.0) 0.0 a Latvia 3.9 (0.6) 13.6 (1.0) 29.1 (1.0) 33.0 (1.2) 17.1 (1.1) 3.1 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Liechtenstein 2.7 (0.8) 7.8 (1.6) 23.2 (2.6) 30.4 (2.7) 25.6 (3.1) 8.7 (1.9) 1.6 (0.8) Lithuania 4.9 (0.5) 17.0 (1.0) 30.6 (1.0) 31.1 (1.0) 14.0 (0.9) 2.3 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Macao-China 2.8 (0.3) 13.0 (0.8) 30.4 (0.9) 33.9 (0.9) 17.1 (0.7) 2.6 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) Montenegro 21.5 (0.8) 32.6 (1.1) 29.2 (0.9) 13.9 (0.7) 2.6 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) a a Qatar 43.8 (0.6) 35.3 (1.1) 14.8 (0.7) 4.6 (0.3) 1.2 (0.2) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a Romania 16.7 (1.4) 33.8 (1.6) 32.7 (1.4) 14.1 (1.4) 2.6 (0.6) 0.1 (0.1) a a 7.6 (0.8) 19.9 (1.2) 31.4 (0.8) 26.8 (1.1) 11.8 (1.0) 2.3 (0.3) 0.2 (0.1) 12.6 (1.0) 25.7 (1.0) 35.4 (1.0) 21.1 (1.2) 5.0 (0.5) 0.3 (0.1) a a 2.0 (0.2) 9.5 (0.7) 23.5 (0.7) 31.8 (1.0) 24.7 (1.1) 7.6 (0.6) 0.9 (0.2) Mexico Partners Turkey Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei 4.1 (0.6) 12.2 (0.9) 21.9 (0.8) 29.5 (1.0) 23.5 (0.9) 7.9 (0.6) 0.9 (0.2) Thailand 17.1 (0.9) 31.4 (1.0) 31.6 (1.0) 15.8 (0.9) 3.7 (0.5) 0.3 (0.1) 0.0 a Tunisia Uruguay 28.9 15.9 (1.5) (1.2) 33.6 26.4 (1.2) (1.0) 24.6 29.4 (0.9) (1.1) 10.3 19.6 (0.9) (0.9) 2.4 7.4 (0.5) (0.6) 0.2 1.2 (0.1) (0.3) 0.0 0.1 a (0.1) 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 29 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.2b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the identifying scientific issues scale, by gender Tableau 2.2b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique, selon le sexe Males – Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 3.6 (0.4) 9.6 (0.6) 20.2 (0.7) 27.7 (0.9) 25.1 (0.8) 11.1 (0.7) 2.7 (0.5) Austria 3.8 (0.7) 14.2 (1.1) 26.8 (1.7) 29.8 (1.6) 19.8 (1.4) 5.2 (0.7) 0.3 (0.2) Belgium 5.5 (1.2) 11.9 (1.0) 21.9 (1.2) 27.0 (0.9) 23.3 (0.9) 8.8 (0.7) 1.6 (0.3) Canada 3.8 (0.5) 9.1 (0.6) 19.2 (0.7) 29.0 (0.9) 25.8 (0.9) 10.8 (0.8) 2.3 (0.3) Czech Republic 4.8 (0.9) 14.9 (1.2) 27.1 (1.6) 27.6 (1.6) 18.4 (1.3) 6.2 (0.7) 1.0 (0.3) Denmark 5.1 (0.8) 15.6 (1.1) 25.9 (1.2) 30.3 (1.3) 18.1 (1.1) 4.5 (0.8) 0.3 (0.2) Finland 1.3 (0.3) 5.8 (0.6) 17.2 (1.0) 31.7 (1.0) 29.7 (1.1) 12.1 (0.9) 2.1 (0.3) France 8.4 (1.1) 15.1 (1.3) 22.7 (1.5) 24.7 (1.4) 19.8 (1.2) 8.0 (0.8) 1.2 (0.3) Germany 5.5 (1.0) 12.6 (1.0) 23.1 (1.1) 28.3 (1.2) 22.3 (1.2) 6.9 (0.7) 1.3 (0.3) 11.5 (1.1) 19.7 (1.4) 29.4 (1.2) 25.9 (1.2) 11.6 (1.0) 1.7 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) Hungary 4.8 (0.9) 16.7 (1.2) 30.6 (1.3) 31.2 (1.3) 14.5 (1.1) 2.2 (0.6) 0.1 a Iceland OECD % Australia 9.0 (0.9) 16.6 (1.4) 25.4 (1.3) 25.1 (1.3) 17.0 (1.0) 6.0 (0.7) 0.8 (0.3) Greece Ireland 4.1 (0.6) 12.2 (1.0) 24.1 (1.3) 28.6 (1.2) 20.8 (1.1) 8.6 (1.0) 1.7 (0.4) Italy 10.4 (0.8) 18.7 (0.8) 27.0 (1.0) 25.0 (1.0) 14.2 (0.8) 4.3 (0.4) 0.5 (0.1) Japan 5.8 (0.9) 11.3 (1.0) 20.5 (1.1) 26.3 (1.2) 23.1 (1.2) 10.7 (1.1) 2.3 (0.4) Korea 4.3 (0.7) 10.5 (1.0) 22.3 (1.3) 32.0 (1.4) 22.9 (1.6) 7.0 (0.9) 0.9 (0.3) Luxembourg 7.4 (0.6) 16.6 (0.9) 27.3 (1.3) 28.3 (1.3) 16.2 (1.2) 3.9 (0.5) 0.3 (0.1) 16.3 (1.4) 30.1 (1.4) 31.4 (1.2) 17.4 (0.9) 4.3 (0.4) 0.5 (0.1) 0.0 (0.0) Netherlands 3.6 (0.7) 9.7 (1.1) 20.2 (1.3) 26.9 (1.5) 24.0 (1.2) 12.6 (1.1) 3.0 (0.6) New Zealand 4.4 (0.6) 11.1 (0.8) 19.9 (1.1) 24.9 (1.5) 23.0 (1.2) 13.0 (1.4) 3.7 (0.5) Norway 7.4 (1.1) 16.8 (1.1) 27.3 (1.3) 27.7 (1.2) 15.5 (1.1) 4.9 (0.7) 0.4 (0.3) Poland 5.3 (0.6) 17.6 (1.1) 30.2 (1.2) 28.9 (1.1) 14.6 (0.8) 3.1 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) Portugal 6.0 (0.9) 17.2 (1.2) 28.1 (1.2) 28.0 (1.3) 16.3 (1.1) 4.2 (0.7) 0.3 (0.2) Slovak Republic 8.8 (1.2) 17.8 (1.4) 29.9 (1.4) 27.1 (1.5) 13.3 (1.2) 2.9 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Spain 6.0 (0.5) 14.9 (1.0) 28.7 (1.0) 30.1 (1.0) 16.3 (0.9) 3.8 (0.4) 0.3 (0.1) Sweden 5.7 (0.6) 15.0 (1.0) 26.0 (1.4) 28.1 (1.4) 18.4 (1.2) 6.0 (0.5) 0.8 (0.3) Switzerland 4.1 (0.5) 11.4 (1.0) 8.0 (0.8) 0.9 (0.2) 15.2 (1.4) Click(0.8) 21.9 View The Agreement. Here31.5 (1.0) 30.3 (1.0) 23.3 To (1.7) 14.8 (1.5) 34.5 (1.7) 3.9 (1.0) 0.2 (0.1) a a United Kingdom 5.8 (0.7) 12.3 (0.8) 21.9 (0.9) 25.8 (1.2) 21.1 (1.2) 10.3 (0.8) 2.8 (0.4) United States 7.3 (0.9) 18.1 (1.6) 24.2 (1.4) 25.0 (1.4) 17.9 (1.2) 6.6 (0.7) 0.9 (0.2) OECD total 7.7 (0.3) 17.3 (0.4) 24.9 (0.4) 25.3 (0.4) 17.4 (0.3) 6.3 (0.2) 1.1 (0.1) OECD average 6.5 (0.2) 15.3 (0.2) 25.1 (0.2) 27.1 (0.2) 18.5 (0.2) 6.5 (0.1) 1.1 (0.1) Argentina 29.9 (2.3) 29.9 (1.4) 25.4 (1.6) 11.7 (1.3) 2.7 (0.7) 0.3 (0.2) 0.0 a Azerbaijan 41.6 (2.3) 41.9 (1.9) 14.0 (1.2) 2.4 (0.6) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a a a Brazil 27.3 (1.3) 29.9 (1.6) 25.9 (1.8) 12.3 (1.1) 3.8 (0.7) 0.7 (0.3) 0.1 a Bulgaria 25.9 (2.4) 25.4 (1.4) 22.9 (1.7) 15.7 (1.3) 7.9 (0.9) 1.9 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) Chile 11.0 (1.1) 23.9 (1.6) 31.9 (1.2) 22.6 (1.3) 8.9 (1.1) 1.6 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) Colombia 23.1 (1.8) 28.7 (1.7) 28.6 (1.6) 15.0 (1.3) 4.0 (0.6) 0.6 (0.2) a a Croatia 4.5 (0.7) 16.4 (1.4) 30.8 (1.2) 30.0 (1.3) 14.6 (1.0) 3.2 (0.4) 0.4 (0.1) Estonia 1.6 (0.4) 10.6 (1.0) 27.1 (1.4) 35.9 (1.3) 20.3 (1.2) 4.1 (0.7) 0.2 (0.1) Hong Kong-China 4.6 (0.8) 10.1 (1.1) 19.9 (1.3) 27.5 (1.3) 25.2 (1.3) 10.5 (1.0) 2.1 (0.4) Indonesia 21.2 (2.2) 36.1 (2.3) 28.7 (1.6) 12.1 (2.8) 1.6 (0.8) 0.4 (0.4) a a Israel 17.3 (1.6) 21.2 (1.3) 22.5 (1.3) 19.2 (1.2) 13.5 (1.1) 5.0 (0.7) 1.4 (0.3) Jordan 25.9 (1.6) 30.3 (1.4) 27.6 (1.4) 13.0 (1.5) 2.9 (0.7) 0.2 (0.1) a a Kyrgyzstan 60.8 (1.8) 25.5 (1.4) 9.8 (0.9) 3.1 (0.6) 0.7 (0.2) 0.1 (0.1) 0.0 a Latvia 5.5 (0.8) 17.5 (1.4) 31.4 (1.4) 30.0 (1.7) 13.5 (1.3) 2.0 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) Liechtenstein 4.0 (1.6) 8.8 (3.7) 25.1 (5.6) 32.5 (4.1) 22.2 (4.6) 6.8 (2.7) 0.5 a Lithuania 6.4 (0.7) 19.8 (1.1) 32.4 (1.3) 28.5 (1.2) 11.1 (1.2) 1.6 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) Mexico Partners Turkey Macao-China 4.0 (0.5) 15.1 (1.0) 30.8 (1.6) 31.3 (1.4) 16.4 (1.1) 2.3 (0.5) 0.1 (0.1) Montenegro 24.3 (1.1) 34.4 (1.3) 26.6 (1.3) 12.7 (1.1) 2.0 (0.5) 0.1 a a a Qatar 55.1 (1.2) 29.8 (1.5) 9.9 (0.8) 3.8 (0.4) 1.2 (0.2) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a Romania 20.5 (1.7) 34.8 (2.2) 29.9 (1.9) 12.3 (1.4) 2.3 (0.6) 0.2 (0.2) a a 9.8 (1.2) 22.3 (1.6) 31.0 (1.2) 24.2 (1.2) 10.3 (1.2) 2.2 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) 15.5 (1.2) 28.5 (1.2) 33.5 (1.4) 18.1 (1.2) 4.2 (0.5) 0.3 (0.1) a a 3.0 (0.4) 11.9 (0.8) 26.1 (1.0) 31.0 (1.6) 21.3 (1.7) 6.0 (0.6) 0.7 (0.2) Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei 4.9 (0.8) 12.6 (1.0) 21.7 (1.0) 29.3 (1.4) 23.1 (1.1) 7.7 (0.8) 0.8 (0.3) Thailand 25.0 (1.6) 33.6 (1.6) 25.8 (1.4) 12.4 (1.5) 3.0 (0.6) 0.1 (0.1) a a Tunisia Uruguay 33.2 19.6 (1.8) (1.9) 33.9 27.9 (1.4) (1.9) 22.3 27.4 (1.2) (2.0) 8.6 17.4 (0.9) (1.3) 1.9 6.3 (0.6) (0.7) 0.1 1.2 (0.1) (0.4) a 0.1 a a 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 30 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.2b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the identifying scientific issues scale, by gender Tableau 2.2b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique, selon le sexe Females – Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 1.5 (0.2) 6.4 (0.5) 17.0 (0.8) 29.3 (0.7) 28.2 (0.8) 14.2 (0.7) 3.5 (0.4) Austria 2.8 (0.9) 10.2 (1.2) 20.8 (1.5) 31.5 (1.5) 26.6 (1.4) 7.7 (1.0) 0.4 (0.1) Belgium 3.5 (0.6) 9.0 (0.7) 20.4 (0.9) 30.2 (1.1) 24.6 (1.0) 10.7 (0.7) 1.5 (0.3) Canada 1.9 (0.3) 6.9 (0.6) 18.5 (0.8) 29.6 (1.1) 27.5 (1.3) 12.4 (0.7) 3.1 (0.4) Czech Republic 3.9 (1.0) 11.4 (1.3) 22.1 (1.7) 29.3 (1.7) 23.2 (1.5) 8.7 (1.2) 1.4 (0.4) Denmark 3.7 (0.5) 11.8 (1.0) 26.6 (1.7) 32.6 (1.4) 19.1 (1.1) 5.7 (0.7) 0.4 (0.2) Finland 0.4 (0.1) 2.2 (0.4) 11.9 (1.0) 29.4 (1.7) 36.0 (1.6) 17.0 (1.0) 3.1 (0.4) France 5.1 (0.7) 12.3 (1.0) 21.2 (1.2) 29.5 (1.5) 22.8 (1.2) 7.9 (1.2) 1.2 (0.4) Germany 3.3 (0.7) 9.9 (1.0) 21.2 (1.2) 30.3 (1.3) 25.1 (1.3) 8.9 (0.8) 1.3 (0.3) Greece 4.7 (0.8) 13.2 (0.9) 29.3 (1.3) 34.0 (1.2) 15.9 (1.0) 2.8 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Hungary 2.9 (0.5) 11.5 (0.9) 31.7 (1.3) 36.2 (1.4) 15.1 (1.1) 2.3 (0.5) 0.3 (0.2) Iceland 4.2 (0.6) 11.3 (0.9) 23.9 (1.7) 29.0 (1.1) 21.5 (1.1) 8.6 (0.8) 1.4 (0.3) Ireland 2.0 (0.4) 9.2 (0.9) 22.3 (1.4) 29.9 (1.2) 25.0 (1.3) 9.9 (0.8) 1.8 (0.4) Italy 5.9 (0.6) 15.4 (0.7) 28.7 (0.9) 28.6 (0.9) 16.4 (0.9) 4.4 (0.5) 0.4 (0.1) Japan 3.9 (1.2) 8.2 (0.9) 18.4 (1.3) 27.7 (1.4) 26.8 (1.6) 12.3 (1.1) 2.8 (0.4) Korea 1.7 (0.5) 7.1 (1.0) 20.1 (1.1) 32.4 (1.4) 28.1 (1.3) 9.4 (1.0) 1.2 (0.4) Luxembourg 4.2 (0.5) 15.0 (0.8) 28.0 (1.0) 30.7 (1.3) 17.7 (1.0) 4.2 (0.4) 0.3 (0.2) 14.0 (1.1) 28.0 (1.0) 34.1 (1.0) 18.6 (0.8) 4.7 (0.5) 0.5 (0.2) 0.0 (0.1) Netherlands 2.8 (0.7) 8.3 (0.9) 18.6 (1.4) 25.1 (1.7) 26.6 (1.6) 14.6 (1.5) 3.9 (0.6) New Zealand 2.5 (0.4) 6.8 (0.9) 17.3 (1.3) 26.1 (1.6) 27.1 (1.4) 15.4 (1.0) 4.8 (0.6) Norway 3.0 (0.6) 12.1 (1.0) 27.0 (1.1) 31.4 (1.7) 20.0 (1.1) 5.6 (0.9) 0.9 (0.3) Poland 2.7 (0.4) 13.9 (1.1) 30.7 (1.5) 32.6 (1.4) 16.7 (1.0) 3.2 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) Portugal 3.8 (0.6) 14.3 (1.1) 27.3 (1.3) 30.7 (1.7) 18.9 (1.3) 4.8 (0.6) 0.3 (0.1) Slovak Republic 5.1 (0.8) 13.7 (1.3) 29.1 (1.7) 30.7 (1.6) 17.2 (1.6) 4.0 (0.7) 0.2 (0.1) Spain 2.9 (0.4) 12.6 (0.8) 27.2 (0.9) 34.2 (0.8) 18.7 (0.8) 4.1 (0.5) 0.3 (0.1) Sweden 3.7 (0.6) 11.1 (1.0) 24.7 (1.3) 31.4 (1.3) 21.0 (1.1) 7.1 (0.9) 1.1 (0.4) Switzerland 3.2 (0.5) 9.7 9.9 (0.8) 1.2 (0.3) 6.3 (0.9) Click(0.7) 20.9 View The Agreement. Here37.6 (1.2) 29.4 (1.1) 25.6 To (1.6) 22.0 (1.4) 27.3 (1.4) 6.1 (1.2) Turkey (1.0) 0.8 (0.4) a a United Kingdom 3.8 (0.6) 10.3 (0.8) 23.1 (0.9) 27.5 (1.0) 22.8 (0.9) 9.9 (0.8) 2.6 (0.4) United States 4.0 (0.7) 13.9 (1.0) 26.3 (1.4) 28.3 (1.1) 19.0 (1.0) 7.1 (0.8) 1.4 (0.5) OECD total 4.8 (0.3) 13.8 (0.4) 25.4 (0.5) 28.0 (0.4) 19.6 (0.3) 7.1 (0.2) 1.3 (0.1) OECD average OECD % Australia 3.8 (0.1) 11.8 (0.2) 24.2 (0.2) 29.6 (0.2) 21.5 (0.2) 7.8 (0.1) 1.4 (0.1) Argentina 21.3 (2.2) 27.3 (1.6) 29.6 (1.6) 16.2 (1.6) 5.1 (1.0) 0.4 (0.3) 0.0 a Azerbaijan 36.0 (2.4) 43.7 (2.1) 17.7 (1.4) 2.4 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a a a Brazil 23.6 (1.4) 30.3 (1.6) 28.0 (1.3) 13.4 (1.0) 4.1 (0.5) 0.5 (0.2) 0.0 a Bulgaria 15.3 (2.0) 22.2 (1.6) 26.2 (1.3) 21.9 (1.6) 10.9 (1.3) 3.1 (0.8) 0.4 (0.2) Chile 11.4 (1.1) 24.9 (1.3) 32.5 (1.3) 21.2 (1.2) 8.4 (1.2) 1.5 (0.5) 0.1 (0.1) Colombia 21.9 (1.4) 27.6 (1.6) 31.8 (1.7) 15.1 (1.2) 3.3 (0.7) 0.4 (0.3) 0.0 a Croatia 1.7 (0.4) 10.5 (0.8) 27.5 (1.2) 33.1 (1.3) 20.8 (1.3) 5.7 (0.7) 0.7 (0.2) Estonia 0.6 (0.3) 4.8 (0.8) 21.9 (1.2) 37.9 (1.6) 27.5 (1.2) 7.0 (0.8) 0.4 (0.2) Hong Kong-China 2.9 (0.6) 8.4 (1.0) 17.4 (1.2) 29.1 (1.6) 26.1 (1.2) 13.3 (1.3) 2.8 (0.6) Indonesia 23.4 (1.5) 38.0 (1.7) 28.3 (1.5) 8.8 (1.0) 1.4 (0.5) 0.0 a a a Israel 12.5 (1.2) 18.8 (1.2) 26.0 (1.5) 23.6 (1.5) 14.1 (1.1) 4.3 (0.6) 0.9 (0.3) Jordan 13.6 (1.0) 28.9 (1.3) 33.6 (1.6) 19.0 (1.1) 4.4 (0.6) 0.4 (0.2) a a Kyrgyzstan 50.6 (1.8) 31.4 (1.8) 14.0 (1.0) 3.4 (0.6) 0.5 (0.2) 0.1 (0.0) a a Latvia 2.3 (0.7) 9.9 (1.1) 27.0 (1.6) 35.9 (1.8) 20.5 (1.2) 4.2 (0.7) 0.2 (0.1) Liechtenstein 1.6 (1.1) 6.9 (2.4) 21.6 (3.6) 28.6 (3.8) 28.5 (3.9) 10.3 (2.7) 2.5 (1.4) Lithuania 3.4 (0.6) 14.1 (1.2) 28.6 (1.3) 33.8 (1.2) 17.0 (1.2) 3.1 (0.5) 0.1 (0.1) Macao-China 1.5 (0.3) 10.9 (1.1) 29.9 (1.1) 36.7 (1.2) 17.9 (0.9) 3.0 (0.5) 0.1 (0.1) Montenegro 18.6 (1.1) 30.7 (1.8) 32.0 (1.2) 15.2 (1.2) 3.2 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) a a Qatar 32.3 (0.8) 41.0 (1.0) 19.8 (0.9) 5.5 (0.4) 1.1 (0.3) 0.3 (0.1) 0.0 a Romania 13.0 (1.5) 32.8 (2.1) 35.4 (1.8) 15.8 (2.1) 2.9 (0.7) 0.1 a a a Russian Federation 5.6 (0.7) 17.7 (1.3) 31.8 (1.1) 29.2 (1.3) 13.1 (1.0) 2.4 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Serbia 9.6 (1.1) 22.8 (1.4) 37.3 (1.8) 24.3 (1.6) 5.7 (0.7) 0.3 (0.1) a a Slovenia 1.0 (0.3) 7.1 (1.0) 20.8 (1.0) 32.6 (1.1) 28.1 (1.3) 9.2 (0.9) 1.2 (0.3) Partners Mexico Chinese Taipei 3.3 (0.6) 11.8 (1.3) 22.1 (1.2) 29.7 (1.4) 24.0 (1.4) 8.1 (0.9) 1.0 (0.3) Thailand 11.3 (0.9) 29.8 (1.2) 36.0 (1.2) 18.2 (1.0) 4.3 (0.6) 0.4 (0.2) 0.0 a Tunisia Uruguay 25.0 12.5 (1.6) (0.9) 33.3 24.9 (1.4) (1.4) 26.7 31.3 (1.1) (1.4) 11.8 21.7 (1.2) (1.0) 2.9 8.4 (0.7) (0.8) 0.3 1.2 (0.2) (0.3) 0.0 0.0 a (0.0) 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 31 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.2c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the identifying scientific issues scale Tableau 2.2c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique All students Mean score Gender differences Standard deviation Males Difference (M - F) Females Partners OECD Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Score dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 535 505 515 532 500 493 555 499 510 469 483 494 516 474 522 519 483 421 533 536 489 483 486 475 489 499 515 427 514 492 491 499 (2.3) (3.7) (2.7) (2.3) (4.2) (3.0) (2.3) (3.5) (3.8) (3.0) (2.6) (1.7) (3.3) (2.2) (4.0) (3.7) (1.1) (2.6) (3.3) (2.9) (3.1) (2.5) (3.1) (3.2) (2.4) (2.6) (3.0) (3.4) (2.3) (3.8) (1.1) (0.5) 98 90 100 97 99 90 84 104 98 92 81 103 95 99 106 91 92 85 103 106 94 84 91 96 89 96 95 79 106 100 102 95 (1.2) (2.2) (2.3) (1.3) (3.4) (1.4) (1.1) (2.4) (2.4) (2.1) (1.8) (1.4) (1.7) (1.5) (2.5) (2.4) (0.9) (1.6) (2.9) (1.6) (2.0) (1.1) (1.9) (3.6) (1.1) (1.4) (1.4) (2.7) (1.5) (1.7) (0.6) (0.4) 525 495 508 525 492 488 542 491 502 453 477 479 508 466 513 508 477 418 527 525 478 476 480 465 482 491 510 414 510 484 483 490 (3.2) (4.2) (3.8) (2.7) (4.8) (3.5) (2.7) (4.6) (4.5) (4.1) (3.4) (2.9) (4.4) (2.9) (5.1) (4.9) (1.7) (2.9) (3.8) (3.7) (3.9) (2.8) (3.6) (4.5) (2.7) (2.9) (3.1) (4.1) (2.9) (4.6) (1.3) (0.7) 546 516 523 539 511 499 568 507 518 485 489 509 524 483 531 530 489 425 539 547 501 490 493 485 496 507 520 443 517 500 499 508 (2.6) (4.7) (3.1) (2.4) (5.3) (3.2) (2.6) (3.7) (3.9) (3.1) (3.3) (2.4) (3.5) (2.5) (6.6) (4.2) (1.8) (2.8) (3.5) (3.7) (3.3) (2.7) (3.4) (3.6) (2.6) (3.1) (3.3) (3.6) (2.8) (3.8) (1.2) (0.6) -21 -22 -14 -14 -19 -11 -26 -16 -16 -31 -13 -30 -16 -17 -18 -22 -11 -7 -12 -22 -24 -13 -13 -20 -15 -16 -10 -29 -7 -16 -16 -17 (3.6) (4.6) (4.3) (2.4) (5.7) (3.2) (2.8) (4.7) (3.4) (4.3) (4.1) (4.1) (4.6) (3.4) (8.5) (5.7) (2.8) (2.2) (3.2) (4.9) (3.7) (2.5) (3.1) (5.1) (2.1) (3.0) (2.4) (3.8) (3.2) (3.6) (1.4) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 395 353 398 427 444 402 494 516 528 393 457 409 321 489 522 476 490 401 352 409 463 431 517 509 413 384 429 (5.7) (3.1) (2.8) (6.3) (4.1) (3.4) (2.6) (2.6) (3.2) (5.6) (3.9) (2.8) (3.2) (3.3) (3.7) (2.7) (1.2) (1.2) (0.8) (3.6) (4.2) (3.0) (1.4) (3.7) (2.5) (3.8) (3.0) 100 66 93 109 89 96 86 77 101 77 114 89 93 83 91 84 79 83 79 77 89 83 87 95 83 88 95 (3.1) (2.6) (1.9) (3.3) (1.7) (2.4) (1.6) (1.3) (2.2) (2.7) (2.0) (1.8) (2.0) (1.5) (3.1) (1.4) (1.0) (1.1) (0.8) (2.7) (1.3) (1.8) (0.8) (1.9) (1.5) (2.2) (2.0) 381 349 394 411 445 401 480 504 520 397 451 393 311 473 508 463 483 393 334 401 453 420 504 506 394 373 418 (5.8) (3.3) (3.2) (6.6) (5.0) (4.4) (3.5) (3.1) (4.1) (8.0) (5.9) (4.6) (3.6) (3.7) (7.0) (2.9) (1.9) (2.0) (1.2) (3.6) (4.6) (3.3) (2.0) (4.4) (3.7) (3.9) (4.2) 408 357 402 445 443 404 507 528 535 389 463 425 330 504 534 489 498 409 371 418 472 441 530 512 427 394 439 (6.4) (3.3) (3.0) (7.1) (4.1) (4.0) (3.1) (2.6) (4.5) (3.6) (4.0) (2.8) (3.3) (3.5) (5.7) (3.0) (1.6) (1.8) (1.3) (4.4) (4.1) (3.6) (2.0) (5.0) (2.8) (4.2) (2.8) -27 -8 -7 -34 3 -3 -27 -25 -15 8 -12 -32 -20 -31 -26 -26 -15 -16 -37 -17 -20 -21 -27 -6 -33 -21 -21 (5.2) (2.3) (2.5) (5.6) (4.5) (4.8) (4.1) (2.8) (5.9) (6.0) (6.6) (5.1) (2.9) (3.1) (10.3) (2.7) (2.6) (2.9) (2.1) (3.5) (2.6) (3.7) (2.8) (5.8) (4.1) (3.4) (3.9) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 32 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.2c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the identifying scientific issues scale Tableau 2.2c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de l’identification des questions d’ordre scientifique Percentiles 5th 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Partners OECD Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 368 351 340 363 341 341 411 319 341 309 347 318 357 310 337 361 329 280 360 356 333 344 336 315 341 338 350 304 337 330 324 339 (4.3) (6.8) (8.6) (4.9) (8.2) (5.5) (4.0) (7.0) (8.3) (6.1) (5.7) (5.0) (5.7) (4.7) (8.2) (7.6) (2.9) (6.1) (7.3) (4.8) (7.6) (3.9) (5.4) (8.5) (4.1) (4.5) (4.9) (5.1) (6.1) (5.8) (2.0) (1.1) 406 383 382 404 376 375 446 358 381 347 378 358 391 347 381 400 362 312 397 396 368 374 367 356 374 374 387 330 377 362 359 375 (3.1) (6.7) (6.6) (4.1) (5.9) (4.5) (3.5) (5.9) (6.6) (5.3) (4.4) (4.8) (4.9) (3.5) (6.9) (6.0) (2.3) (4.7) (5.7) (4.8) (5.7) (3.2) (4.3) (4.9) (3.2) (4.2) (4.4) (3.8) (4.3) (5.3) (1.6) (0.9) 471 443 449 469 434 432 501 427 444 411 430 426 450 409 453 461 421 365 462 465 426 425 423 416 431 435 452 374 443 420 420 436 (2.7) (4.8) (3.7) (2.9) (4.7) (4.0) (3.1) (5.5) (5.0) (4.4) (3.6) (2.5) (4.0) (3.0) (5.6) (4.4) (2.0) (3.4) (4.5) (4.3) (3.6) (3.0) (4.1) (3.6) (2.7) (3.2) (3.9) (3.2) (2.9) (4.7) (1.4) (0.7) 604 571 587 599 570 556 612 576 579 533 539 566 584 543 597 583 548 479 606 612 555 542 551 541 550 566 583 480 587 563 563 565 (2.8) (3.8) (2.9) (2.3) (4.5) (3.2) (2.9) (3.5) (3.4) (2.9) (3.3) (2.2) (3.3) (2.8) (3.9) (4.1) (2.3) (2.8) (3.5) (3.0) (3.1) (3.2) (3.4) (3.6) (2.4) (3.2) (3.1) (4.7) (2.8) (4.2) (1.1) (0.6) 658 618 639 652 625 607 659 629 630 581 583 625 638 600 652 630 600 529 662 668 608 591 603 592 599 619 633 531 648 621 621 618 (3.2) (4.1) (2.9) (2.5) (5.2) (3.2) (2.8) (3.7) (3.5) (3.4) (3.6) (3.1) (3.4) (2.7) (4.0) (4.1) (2.4) (3.0) (4.0) (3.0) (4.0) (2.7) (3.7) (3.6) (2.7) (3.1) (3.7) (6.7) (2.8) (4.9) (1.5) (0.7) 689 644 668 683 656 637 686 659 660 608 610 656 668 632 682 657 628 559 694 701 640 619 632 622 627 653 661 561 682 654 655 648 (3.6) (4.0) (3.5) (2.9) (5.2) (4.4) (3.2) (4.5) (4.0) (3.2) (4.4) (3.7) (4.4) (3.4) (4.0) (5.0) (2.5) (3.9) (4.5) (3.5) (4.1) (3.7) (4.9) (3.7) (3.1) (3.3) (4.6) (8.5) (3.2) (5.2) (1.6) (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 219 247 249 251 300 234 354 387 352 269 272 262 167 346 366 336 358 263 234 284 315 289 372 344 276 240 271 (13.2) (4.5) (4.6) (8.2) (6.1) (8.6) (5.2) (5.3) (6.6) (5.2) (6.4) (5.3) (6.2) (6.1) (11.2) (4.5) (3.5) (3.1) (2.5) (6.2) (5.8) (6.9) (3.1) (5.7) (4.6) (6.0) (7.9) 263 271 281 289 330 274 384 415 393 297 311 297 203 377 405 366 388 294 258 311 348 323 402 379 307 271 308 (10.2) (4.1) (2.8) (8.7) (3.9) (6.9) (4.1) (4.0) (5.4) (3.9) (5.5) (3.6) (4.4) (5.2) (11.7) (3.2) (2.5) (2.1) (1.8) (5.1) (5.7) (4.9) (4.0) (5.9) (3.7) (3.7) (5.2) 334 310 334 350 383 343 435 464 461 342 378 351 263 434 461 419 437 344 300 357 402 377 457 444 358 324 365 (6.9) (3.5) (3.1) (7.3) (4.1) (4.7) (3.2) (3.7) (4.4) (4.2) (4.2) (3.0) (4.4) (4.2) (6.6) (3.4) (2.4) (2.0) (1.6) (4.2) (4.6) (3.6) (2.3) (5.5) (3.4) (4.2) (4.2) 464 395 459 504 505 468 552 570 599 444 538 470 382 547 589 535 545 460 398 461 524 487 579 578 469 442 494 (5.4) (3.3) (3.8) (7.6) (5.0) (4.1) (2.8) (2.9) (3.8) (7.1) (4.7) (3.5) (3.3) (3.4) (7.1) (3.4) (2.0) (1.9) (2.2) (4.9) (4.7) (3.0) (1.9) (3.2) (3.4) (4.7) (3.2) 518 435 520 571 561 519 604 613 652 495 604 522 436 594 634 583 591 508 453 510 576 533 627 628 520 499 552 (6.0) (4.3) (5.5) (7.4) (5.4) (4.7) (3.5) (2.9) (4.5) (10.5) (5.4) (3.5) (4.2) (3.5) (12.1) (3.5) (2.5) (2.5) (2.6) (6.4) (4.9) (3.4) (2.6) (3.7) (4.2) (7.1) (3.7) 552 461 555 607 594 551 634 639 683 522 641 550 473 621 667 609 615 537 495 539 607 560 655 655 551 532 584 (7.3) (5.0) (5.5) (8.4) (6.8) (5.1) (4.9) (3.5) (4.4) (9.2) (5.6) (4.0) (5.8) (4.1) (9.1) (4.5) (3.1) (3.4) (2.7) (6.4) (4.5) (3.4) (3.3) (3.8) (4.6) (8.2) (5.1) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 33 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 2.3a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale Tableau 2.3a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 3.5 (0.3) 10.7 (0.4) 21.8 (0.5) 27.7 (0.6) 22.9 (0.7) 10.7 (0.5) 2.7 (0.3) Austria 4.1 (0.7) 11.0 (0.9) 21.5 (1.0) 27.6 (1.0) 23.9 (1.0) 10.2 (0.8) 1.8 (0.3) Belgium 5.8 (0.8) 13.6 (0.7) 22.0 (0.7) 27.2 (0.7) 21.8 (0.7) 8.4 (0.4) 1.2 (0.2) Canada 2.8 (0.3) 8.9 (0.5) 19.9 (0.7) 27.9 (0.7) 25.3 (0.8) 12.1 (0.6) 3.1 (0.2) Czech Republic 2.8 (0.5) 10.2 (0.8) 20.9 (1.0) 27.5 (1.0) 23.1 (1.1) 12.0 (0.9) 3.5 (0.4) Denmark 4.2 (0.5) 13.4 (0.8) 25.3 (0.8) 28.9 (1.0) 19.4 (0.8) 7.5 (0.7) 1.3 (0.3) Finland 0.5 (0.1) 3.5 (0.3) 13.9 (0.6) 28.1 (0.9) 31.4 (0.9) 17.5 (0.8) 5.1 (0.5) France 7.7 (0.7) 16.6 (1.0) 25.5 (0.9) 27.3 (0.9) 16.9 (0.8) 5.3 (0.5) 0.6 (0.2) Germany 3.9 (0.6) 11.5 (0.9) 20.6 (0.9) 27.6 (1.0) 22.5 (1.0) 11.1 (0.9) 2.7 (0.3) Greece 6.7 (0.8) 17.1 (1.0) 28.8 (1.0) 28.3 (1.1) 15.0 (0.9) 3.6 (0.4) 0.5 (0.1) Hungary 2.5 (0.3) 10.0 (1.1) 23.6 (1.1) 30.2 (0.9) 22.6 (1.0) 9.0 (0.6) 2.1 (0.3) Iceland 5.0 (0.5) 15.0 (0.8) 27.6 (0.9) 29.6 (0.8) 17.4 (0.7) 4.9 (0.5) 0.5 (0.1) Ireland 4.5 (0.5) 12.6 (0.7) 24.6 (1.0) 28.0 (1.2) 19.9 (0.9) 8.5 (0.7) 1.8 (0.3) Italy 7.5 (0.5) 16.9 (0.6) 27.0 (0.7) 26.9 (0.6) 15.7 (0.6) 5.2 (0.3) 0.8 (0.1) Japan 2.8 (0.4) 9.0 (0.7) 20.5 (1.0) 28.5 (0.8) 25.8 (1.0) 11.0 (0.9) 2.4 (0.3) Korea 2.7 (0.5) 10.9 (0.7) 24.1 (0.9) 30.9 (1.3) 22.7 (0.8) 7.6 (0.9) 1.2 (0.4) Luxembourg 6.8 (0.4) 16.4 (0.7) 26.3 (1.0) 27.7 (0.9) 17.2 (0.7) 5.0 (0.4) 0.6 (0.2) 19.5 (1.2) 33.3 (0.8) 29.7 (0.9) 13.9 (0.7) 3.2 (0.4) 0.4 (0.1) 0.0 (0.0) Netherlands 2.6 (0.4) 10.5 (0.8) 21.3 (1.0) 28.6 (1.2) 24.9 (0.9) 10.3 (0.6) 1.8 (0.3) New Zealand 4.7 (0.5) 11.4 (0.7) 21.0 (0.8) 24.7 (1.0) 21.9 (0.9) 12.1 (0.6) 4.2 (0.4) Norway 5.8 (0.7) 13.8 (0.7) 25.4 (0.9) 27.9 (0.8) 18.8 (0.9) 7.1 (0.6) 1.2 (0.2) Poland 3.2 (0.4) 13.0 (0.8) 25.6 (1.0) 28.9 (1.0) 19.9 (0.8) 7.9 (0.5) 1.6 (0.3) Portugal 5.8 (0.7) 19.5 (1.1) 31.0 (0.8) 27.9 (1.1) 13.1 (0.7) 2.5 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Slovak Republic 4.2 (0.5) 13.0 (0.8) 26.1 (1.3) 28.7 (0.9) 19.5 (0.9) 7.2 (0.7) 1.4 (0.3) Spain 5.6 (0.5) 15.2 (0.7) 26.1 (0.7) 28.2 (0.7) 17.8 (0.7) 6.1 (0.4) 0.9 (0.1) Sweden 4.0 (0.6) 11.6 (0.8) 23.4 (1.0) 29.3 (0.9) 21.2 (0.8) 8.6 (0.6) 1.8 (0.3) Switzerland 5.2 (0.6) 12.2 (0.8) 8.5 (0.6) 1.8 (0.3) 14.3 (0.9) Click(0.6) 21.9 View The Agreement. Here29.8 (0.9) 28.0 (0.9) 22.4 To (1.3) 14.9 (1.0) 33.4 (1.2) 6.1 (1.1) 1.4 (0.5) 0.1 (0.0) United Kingdom 4.6 (0.4) 12.7 (0.6) 21.7 (0.7) 25.2 (0.7) 20.7 (0.6) 11.4 (0.6) 3.8 (0.3) United States 8.4 (0.9) 18.0 (1.1) 23.6 (0.9) 23.4 (0.9) 16.9 (0.9) 7.8 (0.6) 2.0 (0.3) OECD total 7.4 (0.3) 16.9 (0.3) 24.1 (0.3) 24.7 (0.3) 17.7 (0.3) 7.5 (0.2) 1.7 (0.1) OECD average 5.4 (0.1) 14.2 (0.1) 24.0 (0.2) 27.0 (0.2) 19.7 (0.2) 8.0 (0.1) 1.8 (0.0) Argentina 29.9 (2.1) 28.1 (1.1) 24.5 (1.3) 13.2 (1.2) 3.8 (0.6) 0.5 (0.2) 0.0 a Azerbaijan 10.5 (1.0) 39.9 (1.6) 37.0 (1.8) 10.7 (1.1) 1.8 (0.5) 0.1 (0.1) a a Brazil 28.0 (1.0) 33.3 (0.9) 23.6 (0.8) 10.9 (0.8) 3.5 (0.4) 0.7 (0.2) 0.1 (0.1) Bulgaria 15.0 (1.5) 23.4 (1.3) 26.3 (1.3) 20.8 (1.2) 10.8 (1.1) 3.1 (0.6) 0.6 (0.3) Chile 14.8 (1.0) 27.9 (1.3) 28.9 (0.9) 18.2 (1.1) 8.1 (0.8) 1.9 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) Colombia 30.8 (1.7) 33.1 (1.3) 24.1 (1.4) 9.9 (0.8) 1.9 (0.3) 0.2 (0.1) a a Croatia 3.2 (0.4) 14.4 (0.8) 29.5 (1.1) 30.1 (1.3) 17.3 (0.9) 4.8 (0.4) 0.7 (0.1) Estonia 1.0 (0.2) 6.5 (0.6) 20.2 (0.9) 29.5 (1.2) 27.1 (1.1) 12.9 (0.8) 2.9 (0.3) Hong Kong-China 1.5 (0.4) 6.3 (0.6) 16.1 (0.8) 28.2 (0.9) 29.0 (0.8) 15.5 (0.8) 3.4 (0.4) Indonesia 20.3 (1.4) 40.5 (2.3) 27.3 (1.5) 10.3 (2.0) 1.5 (0.5) 0.0 a 0.0 a Israel 16.3 (1.1) 23.3 (0.8) 24.7 (1.0) 20.1 (0.9) 11.4 (0.8) 3.6 (0.3) 0.6 (0.2) Jordan 14.4 (0.8) 24.3 (0.9) 29.1 (0.9) 21.2 (0.8) 8.9 (0.8) 1.8 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Kyrgyzstan 51.3 (1.6) 31.9 (1.2) 12.7 (0.8) 3.3 (0.4) 0.8 (0.2) 0.1 (0.1) a a Latvia 4.3 (0.6) 15.0 (0.9) 29.5 (1.1) 30.6 (0.9) 16.0 (0.9) 4.2 (0.4) 0.5 (0.1) Liechtenstein 3.3 (1.0) 11.0 (1.9) 22.6 (3.5) 28.9 (4.2) 23.2 (3.2) 9.2 (1.8) 1.8 (0.9) Lithuania 4.6 (0.5) 15.0 (0.8) 26.2 (0.9) 28.3 (1.0) 18.6 (0.8) 6.1 (0.6) 1.2 (0.3) Macao-China 1.5 (0.3) 8.0 (0.5) 23.4 (0.9) 34.0 (0.9) 24.9 (0.9) 7.5 (0.6) 0.7 (0.2) Montenegro 16.0 (0.6) 32.2 (0.8) 31.1 (0.8) 15.6 (0.8) 4.6 (0.5) 0.4 (0.1) a a Qatar 43.6 (0.6) 32.4 (0.7) 15.8 (0.5) 5.9 (0.4) 1.8 (0.3) 0.5 (0.1) 0.1 (0.0) Romania 13.8 (1.5) 30.0 (1.5) 32.5 (1.3) 17.6 (1.2) 5.3 (0.8) 0.8 (0.2) 0.0 (0.0) 5.0 (0.6) 15.9 (0.9) 29.6 (0.9) 29.1 (1.1) 15.3 (0.9) 4.5 (0.4) 0.6 (0.1) 11.9 (0.9) 25.2 (1.0) 31.3 (1.0) 21.9 (1.1) 8.1 (0.6) 1.5 (0.2) 0.1 (0.0) Slovenia 3.5 (0.3) 10.7 (0.6) 22.0 (1.0) 27.0 (0.9) 21.4 (0.7) 11.5 (0.7) 3.9 (0.4) Chinese Taipei 1.7 (0.3) 8.7 (0.7) 17.1 (0.9) 25.4 (0.8) 26.7 (1.0) 16.1 (0.9) 4.2 (0.4) Thailand 12.3 (0.9) 34.7 (1.3) 33.8 (1.1) 15.0 (0.9) 3.7 (0.4) 0.4 (0.1) 0.0 (0.0) Tunisia Uruguay OECD % Australia 28.3 18.8 (1.3) (1.1) 35.4 26.4 (1.0) (1.0) 25.0 27.9 (1.0) (1.2) 9.0 18.3 (0.8) (0.8) 2.1 6.9 (0.5) (0.5) 0.1 1.5 (0.1) (0.3) 0.0 0.2 a (0.1) Mexico Partners Turkey Russian Federation Serbia 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 34 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.3b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale, by gender Tableau 2.3b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes, selon le sexe Males – Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 3.5 (0.4) 10.4 (0.6) 20.1 (0.7) 26.7 (0.7) 23.5 (0.8) 12.3 (0.8) 3.5 (0.5) Austria 3.4 (0.8) 9.6 (1.1) 21.0 (1.2) 26.6 (1.2) 25.2 (1.3) 11.7 (0.9) 2.6 (0.4) Belgium 5.5 (1.0) 13.3 (0.9) 20.6 (0.9) 25.7 (1.0) 22.7 (1.2) 10.3 (0.7) 1.9 (0.2) Canada 2.6 (0.4) 8.6 (0.6) 17.6 (0.9) 26.5 (0.9) 27.0 (1.0) 13.8 (0.7) 3.9 (0.3) Czech Republic 1.8 (0.5) 8.7 (1.0) 20.6 (1.4) 27.7 (1.3) 23.8 (1.4) 13.2 (1.1) 4.2 (0.5) Denmark 3.4 (0.6) 12.0 (1.1) 23.4 (1.1) 28.9 (1.2) 21.5 (1.0) 9.1 (1.0) 1.8 (0.4) Finland 0.5 (0.2) 3.8 (0.5) 13.4 (0.9) 26.1 (1.3) 30.9 (1.1) 18.6 (1.0) 6.6 (0.6) France 7.5 (0.9) 16.0 (1.2) 23.3 (1.2) 26.4 (1.5) 18.8 (1.4) 7.1 (0.8) 0.9 (0.3) Germany 3.6 (0.8) 10.1 (0.9) 19.2 (1.1) 26.4 (1.5) 23.7 (1.3) 13.4 (1.1) 3.6 (0.5) Greece 7.8 (1.1) 17.1 (1.2) 27.0 (1.2) 26.8 (1.6) 15.9 (1.2) 4.6 (0.6) 0.8 (0.2) Hungary 2.4 (0.5) 9.1 (1.4) 21.5 (1.6) 28.3 (1.4) 24.3 (1.3) 11.5 (0.9) 3.0 (0.5) Iceland 5.4 (0.6) 14.8 (1.0) 26.2 (1.1) 28.5 (1.2) 18.6 (1.0) 5.9 (0.8) 0.6 (0.3) Ireland 4.7 (0.7) 12.1 (1.0) 23.3 (1.3) 27.7 (1.5) 20.0 (1.2) 9.7 (1.0) 2.5 (0.5) Italy 7.4 (0.6) 15.5 (0.9) 25.1 (1.0) 26.8 (0.9) 17.6 (0.8) 6.5 (0.5) 1.2 (0.1) Japan 3.1 (0.7) 8.3 (1.1) 18.9 (1.2) 26.0 (1.1) 26.8 (1.3) 13.5 (1.2) 3.3 (0.5) Korea 3.0 (0.6) 10.4 (1.1) 22.1 (1.2) 30.2 (1.6) 23.9 (1.4) 8.9 (1.0) 1.5 (0.5) Luxembourg 6.1 (0.6) 14.9 (1.2) 23.3 (1.3) 27.4 (1.1) 20.3 (1.0) 6.9 (0.6) 1.0 (0.3) 16.9 (1.4) 31.7 (1.0) 30.5 (1.3) 16.0 (1.1) 4.4 (0.5) 0.5 (0.1) 0.0 a Netherlands 2.3 (0.4) 9.1 (0.9) 20.0 (1.2) 28.4 (1.8) 25.2 (1.3) 12.5 (0.9) 2.6 (0.4) New Zealand 5.0 (0.7) 11.1 (0.9) 19.9 (1.2) 22.9 (1.2) 22.3 (1.1) 13.4 (1.0) 5.4 (0.6) Norway 6.7 (1.0) 13.2 (0.8) 23.5 (1.2) 27.7 (1.2) 19.1 (1.2) 8.3 (0.9) 1.5 (0.3) Poland 2.9 (0.5) 11.9 (0.8) 24.3 (1.7) 27.9 (1.5) 21.0 (1.0) 9.8 (0.8) 2.3 (0.4) Portugal 5.1 (0.8) 17.6 (1.3) 30.0 (1.3) 28.5 (1.5) 15.1 (1.1) 3.5 (0.6) 0.2 (0.1) Slovak Republic 3.8 (0.7) 11.3 (0.9) 24.2 (1.4) 28.3 (1.5) 21.0 (1.3) 9.2 (0.9) 2.1 (0.5) Spain 5.2 (0.7) 13.3 (0.9) 24.9 (1.0) 28.5 (1.0) 19.2 (0.9) 7.5 (0.6) 1.4 (0.3) Sweden 4.1 (0.8) 11.0 (0.9) 21.8 (1.2) 28.5 (1.0) 22.3 (0.9) 9.9 (0.8) 2.3 (0.4) Switzerland 4.4 (0.7) 10.8 (1.2) 9.9 (0.8) 2.2 (0.4) 14.3 (1.2) Click(0.7) 20.3 View The Agreement. Here29.3 (1.1) 28.6 (1.3) 23.7 To (1.5) 14.4 (1.2) 33.9 (1.9) 6.6 (1.3) 1.5 (0.5) 0.1 a United Kingdom 4.5 (0.6) 11.3 (0.7) 20.0 (0.8) 23.8 (1.0) 21.4 (1.0) 13.8 (0.7) 5.2 (0.5) United States 8.7 (1.1) 16.8 (1.2) 21.9 (1.3) 22.3 (1.2) 18.4 (1.2) 9.6 (0.9) 2.3 (0.4) OECD total 7.1 (0.3) 15.9 (0.4) 22.8 (0.4) 24.0 (0.4) 18.9 (0.4) 9.1 (0.3) 2.2 (0.1) OECD average OECD % Australia 5.2 (0.1) 13.3 (0.2) 22.6 (0.2) 26.3 (0.2) 20.8 (0.2) 9.5 (0.2) 2.3 (0.1) Argentina 30.1 (2.5) 27.7 (1.6) 24.4 (1.5) 13.4 (1.5) 3.7 (0.7) 0.6 (0.2) 0.0 a Azerbaijan 12.8 (1.2) 40.4 (1.9) 35.1 (2.0) 9.8 (1.2) 1.9 (0.5) 0.1 (0.1) a a Brazil 24.7 (1.1) 32.0 (1.2) 25.2 (1.2) 12.5 (1.1) 4.4 (0.7) 1.0 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Bulgaria 16.4 (1.9) 24.3 (1.6) 24.6 (1.8) 19.7 (1.5) 11.1 (1.2) 3.2 (0.7) 0.8 (0.4) Chile 11.0 (1.3) 25.2 (1.7) 30.2 (1.3) 20.5 (1.3) 10.3 (1.1) 2.6 (0.6) 0.2 (0.1) Colombia 27.7 (2.1) 31.7 (1.5) 25.4 (1.7) 11.9 (1.3) 2.8 (0.5) 0.4 (0.2) a a Croatia 3.0 (0.5) 13.8 (1.0) 28.2 (1.5) 29.7 (1.6) 18.5 (1.2) 5.8 (0.7) 1.0 (0.2) Estonia 1.1 (0.3) 6.4 (0.7) 19.0 (1.3) 29.1 (1.7) 27.4 (1.7) 13.2 (1.0) 3.7 (0.5) Hong Kong-China 1.6 (0.5) 5.7 (0.7) 14.4 (1.0) 25.2 (1.1) 29.9 (1.2) 18.0 (1.2) 5.2 (0.7) Indonesia 17.1 (1.6) 39.7 (3.2) 28.5 (1.9) 12.7 (3.0) 2.0 (0.8) 0.0 a 0.0 a Israel 16.1 (1.7) 22.5 (1.2) 22.5 (1.6) 20.0 (1.5) 13.1 (1.2) 4.9 (0.5) 1.0 (0.3) Jordan 18.4 (1.3) 24.9 (1.4) 26.5 (1.1) 19.9 (1.2) 8.3 (1.2) 1.7 (0.6) 0.2 (0.1) Kyrgyzstan 51.3 (2.0) 30.5 (1.5) 13.1 (1.1) 3.8 (0.5) 1.1 (0.3) 0.2 (0.1) a a Latvia 4.1 (0.7) 14.2 (1.4) 28.3 (1.5) 30.5 (1.3) 16.9 (1.3) 5.2 (0.7) 0.7 (0.2) Liechtenstein 3.4 (1.8) 9.6 (3.2) 21.4 (4.9) 29.6 (5.4) 23.6 (4.5) 10.7 (2.9) 1.7 (1.2) Lithuania 4.3 (0.6) 14.1 (0.9) 26.0 (1.2) 27.9 (1.4) 19.5 (1.1) 6.8 (0.7) 1.4 (0.4) Macao-China 1.7 (0.3) 7.6 (0.7) 21.0 (1.0) 32.0 (1.5) 27.2 (1.3) 9.3 (0.9) 1.1 (0.3) Montenegro 14.9 (1.1) 31.4 (1.3) 31.2 (1.4) 16.4 (1.0) 5.4 (0.8) 0.6 (0.3) a a Qatar 52.0 (0.9) 29.0 (1.0) 11.3 (0.8) 4.9 (0.4) 2.0 (0.3) 0.6 (0.2) 0.1 a Romania 14.2 (1.6) 28.5 (1.8) 30.5 (1.8) 18.8 (1.8) 6.7 (1.0) 1.2 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Mexico Partners Turkey Russian Federation 4.3 (0.8) 14.4 (1.1) 27.7 (1.2) 29.0 (1.2) 17.4 (1.3) 6.3 (0.8) 0.9 (0.2) 11.8 (1.1) 24.9 (1.2) 30.8 (1.2) 21.5 (1.3) 8.9 (0.8) 2.1 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Slovenia 3.4 (0.4) 10.5 (0.7) 21.2 (1.1) 26.3 (1.1) 21.0 (1.0) 12.7 (0.9) 4.8 (0.6) Chinese Taipei 1.5 (0.3) 7.6 (0.7) 15.9 (1.0) 24.4 (1.2) 27.0 (1.1) 18.3 (1.3) 5.3 (0.8) Thailand 14.1 (1.3) 34.2 (1.5) 31.2 (1.4) 15.6 (1.2) 4.3 (0.7) 0.5 (0.2) 0.0 a Tunisia Uruguay 27.1 18.0 (1.5) (1.6) 35.1 25.7 (1.3) (1.6) 25.6 26.7 (1.4) (2.2) 9.5 19.2 (0.9) (1.2) 2.5 7.9 (0.7) (0.9) 0.2 2.1 (0.1) (0.4) a 0.4 a (0.2) Serbia 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 35 2 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.3b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale, by gender Tableau 2.3b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes, selon le sexe Females – Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 3.5 (0.3) 11.1 (0.6) 23.6 (0.8) 28.7 (0.9) 22.1 (1.0) 9.0 (0.6) 2.0 (0.3) Austria 4.8 (1.0) 12.6 (1.2) 21.9 (1.4) 28.6 (1.5) 22.5 (1.3) 8.6 (1.0) 0.9 (0.2) Belgium 6.2 (0.8) 13.9 (0.9) 23.5 (1.1) 28.9 (1.1) 20.7 (1.0) 6.3 (0.5) 0.4 (0.2) Canada 2.9 (0.4) 9.3 (0.7) 22.1 (0.8) 29.4 (1.0) 23.6 (1.0) 10.4 (0.7) 2.2 (0.3) Czech Republic 4.1 (0.8) 12.2 (1.1) 21.3 (1.4) 27.2 (1.2) 22.1 (1.5) 10.5 (1.3) 2.5 (0.4) Denmark 4.9 (0.7) 14.9 (1.0) 27.2 (1.3) 28.9 (1.3) 17.4 (1.1) 5.9 (0.8) 0.8 (0.2) Finland 0.5 (0.2) 3.2 (0.5) 14.4 (0.9) 30.1 (1.2) 32.0 (1.5) 16.3 (1.1) 3.6 (0.5) France 7.9 (0.8) 17.2 (1.2) 27.5 (1.2) 28.2 (1.3) 15.1 (1.0) 3.7 (0.6) 0.3 (0.2) Germany 4.2 (0.6) 13.0 (1.2) 22.1 (1.4) 29.0 (1.4) 21.1 (1.3) 8.7 (0.9) 1.8 (0.3) Greece 5.5 (0.9) 17.1 (1.3) 30.7 (1.4) 29.8 (1.3) 14.1 (1.0) 2.6 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Hungary 2.7 (0.5) 11.0 (1.2) 25.9 (1.2) 32.2 (1.6) 20.8 (1.3) 6.2 (0.9) 1.2 (0.3) Iceland 4.6 (0.7) 15.3 (1.1) 29.0 (1.3) 30.7 (1.1) 16.2 (1.0) 3.8 (0.5) 0.3 (0.2) Ireland 4.4 (0.6) 13.0 (1.0) 25.9 (1.6) 28.3 (1.5) 19.8 (1.0) 7.3 (0.8) 1.2 (0.3) Italy 7.7 (0.6) 18.3 (0.8) 28.9 (1.1) 27.0 (0.8) 13.8 (0.8) 3.9 (0.4) 0.4 (0.1) Japan 2.5 (0.5) 9.6 (1.1) 22.1 (1.4) 30.9 (1.2) 24.8 (1.4) 8.4 (0.9) 1.6 (0.3) Korea 2.5 (0.6) 11.4 (1.0) 26.1 (1.5) 31.6 (1.5) 21.5 (1.1) 6.2 (0.9) 0.8 (0.4) Luxembourg 7.5 (0.6) 17.9 (1.1) 29.4 (1.5) 27.9 (1.4) 14.0 (0.9) 3.1 (0.5) 0.2 (0.2) 21.9 (1.3) 34.7 (1.1) 28.8 (1.1) 12.1 (0.7) 2.1 (0.3) 0.3 (0.1) 0.0 a Netherlands 3.0 (0.6) 11.9 (1.2) 22.6 (1.3) 28.9 (1.3) 24.5 (1.1) 8.0 (0.6) 1.1 (0.3) New Zealand 4.4 (0.6) 11.6 (0.9) 22.0 (1.1) 26.4 (1.5) 21.6 (1.2) 10.9 (1.0) 3.1 (0.6) Norway 4.8 (0.7) 14.4 (1.0) 27.4 (1.1) 28.3 (1.4) 18.5 (1.1) 5.8 (0.7) 0.9 (0.3) Poland 3.5 (0.5) 14.1 (1.1) 26.9 (1.0) 29.8 (1.1) 18.9 (1.2) 6.0 (0.7) 0.9 (0.3) Portugal 6.4 (0.8) 21.3 (1.3) 31.8 (1.2) 27.4 (1.3) 11.3 (0.8) 1.7 (0.3) 0.0 (0.1) Slovak Republic 4.6 (0.7) 14.7 (1.2) 28.1 (1.9) 29.1 (1.4) 17.8 (1.1) 5.1 (0.7) 0.6 (0.2) Spain 6.1 (0.6) 17.1 (0.8) 27.3 (1.0) 28.0 (0.9) 16.3 (0.8) 4.7 (0.5) 0.5 (0.1) Sweden 3.9 (0.6) 12.2 (1.0) 25.1 (1.3) 30.2 (1.2) 20.1 (1.2) 7.3 (0.8) 1.2 (0.3) Switzerland 6.0 (0.6) 13.7 (1.0) 7.0 (0.9) 1.4 (0.3) 14.3 (1.3) Click(0.8) 23.6 View The Agreement. Here30.4 (1.1) 27.3 (1.1) 21.1 To (1.8) 15.4 (1.2) 32.9 (1.9) 5.5 (1.1) 1.3 (0.5) 0.0 a United Kingdom 4.7 (0.5) 14.0 (0.9) 23.4 (1.1) 26.5 (0.8) 20.0 (0.7) 9.0 (0.8) 2.4 (0.4) United States 8.1 (0.9) 19.2 (1.2) 25.2 (1.0) 24.5 (1.1) 15.4 (1.0) 5.9 (0.7) 1.7 (0.4) OECD total 7.6 (0.3) 17.9 (0.5) 25.5 (0.4) 25.5 (0.4) 16.4 (0.3) 5.8 (0.2) 1.2 (0.1) OECD average 5.6 (0.1) 15.1 (0.2) 25.5 (0.2) 27.7 (0.2) 18.5 (0.2) 6.5 (0.1) 1.1 (0.1) Argentina 29.7 (2.5) 28.4 (1.4) 24.6 (1.7) 13.0 (1.6) 3.8 (0.7) 0.4 (0.3) a a Azerbaijan 8.1 (1.1) 39.2 (2.0) 39.1 (1.9) 11.7 (1.2) 1.7 (0.5) 0.1 a a a Brazil 30.8 (1.4) 34.3 (1.2) 22.2 (1.0) 9.5 (0.9) 2.7 (0.5) 0.5 (0.2) 0.0 a Bulgaria 13.5 (1.6) 22.5 (1.7) 28.3 (1.4) 21.9 (1.5) 10.5 (1.3) 3.0 (0.6) 0.4 (0.2) Chile 19.3 (1.3) 31.1 (1.5) 27.5 (1.2) 15.5 (1.3) 5.4 (0.8) 1.1 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) Colombia 33.4 (2.0) 34.3 (2.1) 23.0 (2.0) 8.2 (1.1) 1.1 (0.3) 0.1 a a a Croatia 3.4 (0.6) 15.0 (1.2) 30.9 (1.2) 30.4 (1.4) 16.1 (1.2) 3.8 (0.6) 0.4 (0.2) Estonia 0.9 (0.2) 6.6 (0.8) 21.4 (1.2) 29.8 (1.6) 26.8 (1.3) 12.6 (1.0) 2.0 (0.4) Hong Kong-China 1.4 (0.4) 6.9 (0.7) 17.7 (1.2) 31.1 (1.5) 28.1 (1.1) 13.0 (1.0) 1.7 (0.3) Indonesia 23.7 (1.7) 41.4 (2.0) 26.0 (1.5) 7.8 (1.3) 1.0 (0.4) 0.0 a a a Israel 16.5 (1.6) 24.2 (1.2) 26.9 (1.4) 20.2 (1.6) 9.8 (1.2) 2.3 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Jordan 10.5 (1.0) 23.7 (1.3) 31.6 (1.2) 22.5 (1.2) 9.5 (0.9) 2.0 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) Kyrgyzstan 51.2 (1.6) 33.1 (1.4) 12.4 (1.0) 2.7 (0.4) 0.6 (0.2) 0.0 a a a Latvia 4.5 (0.8) 15.8 (1.1) 30.5 (1.3) 30.6 (1.3) 15.0 (0.9) 3.3 (0.4) 0.4 (0.1) Liechtenstein 3.2 (1.3) 12.1 (2.6) 23.7 (4.5) 28.3 (4.9) 22.8 (3.6) 8.0 (2.1) 2.0 (1.1) Lithuania 4.8 (0.6) 15.9 (1.1) 26.4 (1.1) 28.8 (1.3) 17.7 (1.1) 5.4 (0.8) 0.9 (0.3) Macao-China 1.3 (0.3) 8.4 (0.7) 25.9 (1.4) 36.0 (1.4) 22.5 (1.5) 5.6 (0.7) 0.4 (0.2) Montenegro 17.2 (1.0) 33.0 (1.1) 31.0 (1.6) 14.7 (1.1) 3.9 (0.6) 0.2 (0.2) a a Qatar 35.0 (1.1) 35.9 (0.9) 20.3 (0.9) 6.8 (0.6) 1.6 (0.3) 0.3 (0.1) 0.0 a Romania OECD % Australia 13.5 (2.0) 31.5 (1.9) 34.4 (1.8) 16.4 (1.7) 3.8 (0.9) 0.4 (0.2) 0.0 a 5.6 (0.7) 17.2 (1.1) 31.5 (1.2) 29.2 (1.3) 13.3 (1.0) 2.9 (0.4) 0.4 (0.2) 12.0 (1.2) 25.5 (1.3) 31.8 (1.6) 22.4 (1.7) 7.3 (0.9) 1.0 (0.2) 0.0 a 3.6 (0.5) 10.9 (0.9) 22.8 (1.7) 27.7 (1.4) 21.8 (1.2) 10.2 (1.0) 2.9 (0.5) Mexico Partners Turkey Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei 2.0 (0.4) 10.0 (1.1) 18.5 (1.3) 26.5 (1.2) 26.3 (1.5) 13.7 (1.2) 3.1 (0.6) Thailand 10.9 (0.9) 35.0 (1.6) 35.8 (1.6) 14.6 (1.1) 3.3 (0.5) 0.4 (0.1) 0.0 (0.0) Tunisia Uruguay 29.4 19.6 (1.5) (1.3) 35.7 27.0 (1.4) (1.3) 24.4 29.0 (1.4) (1.3) 8.7 17.4 (1.1) (0.9) 1.7 5.9 (0.6) (0.6) 0.1 1.0 a (0.3) 0.0 0.1 a a 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 36 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.3c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale Tableau 2.3c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes All students Mean score Gender differences Standard deviation Males Difference (M - F) Females Partners OECD Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Score dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 520 516 503 531 527 501 566 481 519 476 518 488 505 480 527 512 483 406 522 522 495 506 469 501 490 510 508 423 517 486 489 500 (2.3) (4.0) (2.5) (2.1) (3.5) (3.3) (2.0) (3.2) (3.7) (3.0) (2.6) (1.5) (3.2) (2.0) (3.1) (3.3) (1.1) (2.7) (2.7) (2.8) (3.0) (2.5) (2.9) (2.7) (2.4) (2.9) (3.3) (4.1) (2.3) (4.3) (1.2) (0.5) 102 100 102 100 102 96 88 100 103 93 94 92 100 100 97 91 97 83 95 111 101 95 87 97 98 99 102 86 110 110 107 98 (1.0) (2.1) (1.9) (1.2) (1.8) (1.4) (1.1) (1.8) (2.0) (1.9) (1.5) (1.2) (1.6) (1.3) (1.8) (2.3) (0.9) (1.6) (1.7) (1.5) (1.7) (1.2) (1.7) (1.9) (1.0) (1.8) (1.8) (3.5) (1.4) (1.5) (0.6) (0.3) 527 526 510 539 537 512 571 489 529 478 529 491 510 487 535 517 495 415 531 528 498 514 477 512 499 516 517 423 527 492 497 508 (3.1) (4.4) (3.4) (2.6) (4.3) (3.8) (2.5) (4.2) (4.5) (4.3) (3.2) (2.6) (4.4) (2.8) (4.6) (4.8) (1.8) (3.3) (3.1) (4.0) (3.9) (2.9) (3.6) (4.0) (2.8) (3.0) (3.4) (4.7) (3.0) (5.3) (1.4) (0.7) 513 507 494 522 516 491 562 474 508 475 507 485 501 472 519 506 471 398 512 517 492 498 462 490 481 504 498 423 506 480 481 493 (2.7) (4.7) (3.1) (2.3) (4.6) (3.7) (2.5) (3.4) (3.7) (3.0) (3.6) (2.1) (3.5) (2.5) (4.4) (4.0) (2.0) (2.6) (3.1) (3.6) (3.2) (2.8) (3.0) (3.0) (2.7) (3.5) (3.9) (4.5) (2.7) (4.0) (1.3) (0.6) 13 19 16 17 21 21 9 15 21 3 22 6 9 15 16 11 25 18 18 11 6 17 16 22 18 12 18 1 21 13 15 15 (3.6) (4.8) (4.1) (2.5) (5.7) (3.4) (3.0) (4.1) (3.7) (4.2) (4.4) (3.7) (4.6) (3.4) (6.6) (5.7) (3.0) (2.3) (3.0) (5.2) (3.9) (2.7) (3.2) (4.7) (2.6) (3.1) (2.8) (4.1) (3.5) (3.6) (1.2) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 386 412 390 444 432 379 492 541 549 395 443 438 334 486 516 494 520 417 356 426 483 441 523 545 420 383 423 (6.0) (3.0) (2.7) (5.8) (4.1) (3.4) (2.5) (2.6) (2.5) (5.1) (3.6) (3.1) (3.1) (2.9) (4.1) (3.0) (1.2) (1.1) (1.0) (4.0) (3.4) (3.1) (1.5) (3.7) (2.1) (2.9) (2.9) 104 63 91 105 94 90 87 91 94 72 109 98 85 88 97 96 83 82 88 83 90 90 105 101 75 83 99 (2.8) (2.0) (2.0) (3.4) (1.8) (1.6) (1.4) (1.3) (2.1) (2.9) (2.0) (1.9) (1.8) (1.3) (3.0) (1.8) (1.2) (0.9) (0.9) (2.4) (1.3) (1.6) (1.1) (1.7) (1.3) (2.4) (1.8) 387 408 400 442 448 388 498 544 560 403 451 427 335 491 519 499 527 421 342 431 493 444 528 554 418 386 429 (6.4) (3.3) (3.0) (6.5) (5.1) (4.3) (3.2) (3.2) (3.5) (7.0) (5.4) (4.6) (3.9) (3.6) (7.5) (3.3) (2.0) (1.8) (1.4) (4.3) (4.0) (3.7) (2.3) (4.3) (3.4) (3.1) (4.0) 386 417 382 447 414 371 487 537 539 386 436 448 333 481 513 490 513 412 371 421 474 438 518 535 421 381 418 (7.0) (3.0) (2.9) (6.5) (4.1) (4.3) (3.3) (3.0) (3.3) (3.8) (4.0) (4.1) (2.9) (3.2) (6.4) (3.4) (1.6) (1.7) (1.6) (4.5) (3.4) (3.8) (2.2) (5.3) (2.2) (3.5) (3.1) 0 -9 19 -5 34 18 11 6 21 17 16 -21 2 10 6 9 14 9 -29 10 19 6 10 19 -3 5 11 (5.8) (1.9) (2.4) (5.8) (4.6) (4.8) (4.1) (3.3) (4.6) (5.7) (6.4) (6.0) (3.0) (3.3) (11.1) (3.1) (2.7) (2.7) (2.3) (3.6) (2.6) (4.1) (3.3) (6.1) (3.6) (3.1) (4.0) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 37 2 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.3c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the explaining phenomena scientifically scale Tableau 2.3c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’explication scientifique de phénomènes Percentiles 5th 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Partners OECD Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 351 343 328 362 360 342 420 313 345 321 365 335 340 315 362 359 321 274 360 339 327 353 329 342 329 346 333 297 340 311 317 339 (3.2) (7.5) (6.5) (4.4) (6.3) (5.1) (4.8) (5.6) (6.8) (6.5) (3.8) (4.3) (6.1) (3.7) (6.5) (6.3) (2.9) (4.8) (5.3) (5.9) (8.2) (4.4) (4.7) (4.5) (4.0) (7.2) (5.3) (3.8) (4.5) (5.5) (2.0) (1.0) 388 382 365 400 395 376 452 349 381 356 398 369 377 350 399 392 357 301 394 378 366 384 357 377 364 382 373 321 375 345 351 373 (3.0) (7.3) (5.8) (3.4) (5.1) (5.0) (3.3) (5.5) (6.2) (5.4) (4.0) (3.3) (5.0) (3.2) (5.3) (5.0) (2.5) (3.7) (5.6) (4.3) (5.1) (3.8) (4.5) (5.5) (3.2) (5.6) (4.6) (2.9) (3.4) (5.2) (1.6) (0.9) 450 447 432 464 456 435 506 412 448 413 453 425 436 411 462 450 416 349 455 445 427 438 409 435 423 443 438 363 439 404 412 433 (2.7) (4.9) (4.0) (2.8) (4.5) (4.0) (2.6) (4.7) (5.5) (4.1) (3.2) (2.3) (4.1) (2.8) (4.2) (3.9) (2.2) (3.2) (4.7) (3.6) (3.6) (2.8) (3.8) (3.0) (2.7) (3.6) (4.1) (2.7) (3.0) (5.5) (1.6) (0.7) 592 590 578 601 598 568 626 552 592 541 583 553 575 548 595 576 552 462 589 601 565 572 530 568 558 578 580 475 594 565 565 569 (2.8) (4.0) (2.3) (2.5) (3.8) (3.6) (2.5) (3.3) (3.8) (3.6) (3.4) (2.4) (3.9) (2.6) (2.9) (4.1) (1.8) (2.9) (2.7) (3.2) (3.2) (3.3) (2.7) (3.6) (3.1) (3.3) (3.4) (6.5) (2.9) (4.8) (1.3) (0.6) 650 642 632 657 659 627 679 609 651 596 639 606 635 608 649 627 608 514 643 664 624 630 581 626 616 636 635 542 660 632 629 626 (3.1) (3.5) (2.4) (2.4) (4.6) (3.8) (2.8) (3.9) (3.6) (3.5) (4.3) (2.9) (3.9) (2.6) (3.6) (5.1) (2.4) (3.5) (3.3) (3.1) (3.3) (3.2) (2.9) (3.8) (2.6) (3.6) (4.8) (11.2) (3.4) (4.6) (1.5) (0.7) 683 672 661 689 694 658 709 640 684 626 674 636 668 642 680 656 639 545 673 700 656 664 610 660 649 669 667 584 696 670 664 658 (3.1) (3.9) (2.5) (2.6) (4.7) (4.2) (4.0) (3.6) (4.6) (4.2) (5.5) (4.3) (4.4) (2.6) (3.9) (5.9) (4.2) (4.1) (3.5) (4.1) (4.0) (3.8) (3.7) (5.1) (2.9) (3.4) (4.7) (12.5) (3.9) (6.0) (2.2) (0.9) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 207 314 252 276 284 230 351 393 387 284 269 278 199 340 357 338 381 289 226 297 335 295 353 373 304 253 260 (12.8) (2.8) (4.5) (9.4) (4.3) (5.8) (4.1) (5.1) (7.0) (4.1) (6.0) (4.9) (5.2) (4.8) (10.1) (4.3) (4.3) (2.3) (2.5) (5.7) (5.1) (5.6) (4.7) (4.5) (3.8) (3.4) (7.0) 252 334 280 312 314 264 380 422 423 307 304 314 228 373 390 370 413 314 252 321 367 326 388 407 327 281 295 (8.4) (2.9) (3.1) (6.1) (4.0) (5.2) (3.8) (3.1) (5.0) (4.1) (5.6) (3.7) (4.2) (3.8) (10.5) (4.1) (3.1) (2.2) (1.8) (5.3) (4.3) (4.7) (3.9) (5.0) (2.7) (3.0) (4.9) 320 368 328 370 366 319 432 477 488 345 366 371 279 427 450 428 464 359 296 367 422 380 449 474 368 327 357 (6.3) (2.9) (2.5) (5.6) (4.0) (4.5) (3.5) (3.2) (3.4) (3.2) (4.2) (3.5) (3.3) (3.6) (7.3) (3.5) (2.0) (2.0) (2.2) (6.0) (4.5) (3.6) (2.0) (5.7) (2.5) (3.1) (4.2) 459 452 447 516 495 439 552 604 615 440 520 505 386 546 586 561 578 471 406 481 544 502 595 619 468 437 490 (6.6) (3.6) (4.2) (6.9) (5.7) (4.5) (3.3) (3.2) (2.7) (7.7) (4.7) (4.1) (3.4) (4.0) (7.2) (3.8) (2.3) (1.8) (1.8) (4.8) (3.8) (3.9) (2.6) (3.9) (2.7) (3.8) (3.3) 516 494 512 583 560 495 606 658 667 492 587 563 438 599 640 617 626 526 472 535 600 557 661 673 519 491 550 (5.5) (5.3) (5.4) (8.0) (6.1) (4.6) (3.8) (3.5) (3.3) (9.9) (4.2) (5.3) (5.0) (3.7) (8.7) (5.1) (2.5) (2.7) (2.5) (7.2) (4.2) (3.8) (3.3) (3.4) (4.0) (6.8) (3.8) 552 523 551 618 597 528 638 688 695 521 625 597 475 631 670 651 652 559 515 567 634 589 698 702 551 526 586 (6.9) (8.1) (6.5) (8.8) (6.7) (4.1) (4.1) (3.7) (3.9) (9.5) (4.2) (5.9) (5.5) (4.1) (12.2) (6.3) (2.8) (4.6) (2.5) (7.2) (4.3) (4.2) (5.4) (3.4) (4.2) (9.5) (5.4) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 38 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 1/1 ] Table 2.4a Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the using scientific evidence scale Tableau 2.4a Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 3.9 (0.3) 9.4 (0.5) 18.8 (0.6) 26.2 (0.6) 24.4 (0.6) 13.3 (0.5) 3.9 (0.4) Austria 8.1 (1.2) 12.5 (1.1) 20.4 (1.0) 24.0 (0.9) 21.8 (0.9) 10.6 (0.8) 2.4 (0.4) Belgium 7.1 (0.8) 10.8 (0.6) 18.1 (0.7) 24.6 (0.8) 24.7 (0.7) 12.6 (0.6) 2.1 (0.3) Canada 2.5 (0.3) 7.7 (0.5) 17.2 (0.7) 27.0 (0.8) 27.9 (0.7) 14.2 (0.6) 3.6 (0.3) Czech Republic 7.5 (0.9) 13.6 (0.9) 22.3 (1.1) 24.9 (1.1) 19.7 (0.9) 9.3 (0.8) 2.8 (0.4) Denmark 7.8 (0.7) 15.4 (0.7) 23.9 (0.9) 26.2 (1.0) 18.2 (0.8) 7.1 (0.6) 1.4 (0.3) Finland 1.0 (0.2) 4.4 (0.4) 13.9 (0.7) 26.0 (0.7) 29.6 (0.8) 18.3 (0.7) 6.7 (0.5) France 7.2 (0.8) 12.6 (0.8) 19.5 (1.0) 23.5 (1.0) 22.7 (1.0) 12.0 (0.8) 2.6 (0.5) Germany 6.7 (1.0) 11.5 (0.9) 18.9 (0.8) 25.4 (0.9) 22.7 (1.0) 11.5 (0.8) 3.3 (0.4) 11.3 (1.1) 16.7 (0.9) 26.3 (1.1) 27.1 (1.1) 14.0 (0.9) 4.0 (0.5) 0.5 (0.1) Hungary 6.0 (0.7) 13.8 (0.9) 24.3 (1.1) 28.0 (1.1) 18.8 (0.9) 7.7 (0.7) 1.4 (0.2) Iceland 8.6 (0.6) 15.0 (0.7) 22.4 (0.8) 25.6 (1.0) 18.7 (0.7) 7.8 (0.6) 1.9 (0.3) Ireland 5.4 (0.6) 12.5 (0.7) 22.6 (0.8) 27.6 (1.0) 21.5 (1.1) 8.8 (0.7) 1.6 (0.3) Italy 11.9 (0.6) 17.7 (0.7) 25.0 (0.6) 24.6 (0.6) 14.9 (0.6) 5.2 (0.4) 0.8 (0.1) Japan 4.6 (0.6) 8.7 (0.7) 15.5 (0.8) 22.8 (0.8) 25.4 (1.0) 16.7 (0.9) 6.2 (0.5) Korea 3.1 (0.6) 8.0 (0.8) 17.1 (0.7) 27.3 (1.2) 26.7 (1.0) 14.4 (1.0) 3.4 (0.5) Luxembourg 9.2 (0.4) 14.4 (0.7) 21.7 (0.7) 25.4 (0.6) 19.0 (0.7) 8.4 (0.6) 1.8 (0.3) 23.7 (1.3) 29.1 (0.9) 27.5 (0.9) 15.2 (0.7) 4.0 (0.4) 0.5 (0.1) 0.0 (0.0) Netherlands 3.8 (0.6) 12.1 (1.0) 19.5 (0.8) 23.9 (1.2) 23.9 (1.4) 13.7 (1.0) 3.2 (0.3) New Zealand 5.4 (0.6) 10.0 (0.7) 17.7 (0.7) 22.0 (0.8) 22.5 (0.8) 15.5 (0.8) 6.9 (0.5) Norway 10.2 (0.9) 18.4 (0.9) 25.5 (1.0) 23.8 (1.2) 15.5 (0.9) 5.5 (0.5) 1.2 (0.2) Poland 5.6 (0.6) 14.9 (0.8) 25.5 (0.7) 27.7 (0.9) 18.8 (0.9) 6.6 (0.6) 1.0 (0.3) Portugal 9.7 (0.9) 17.8 (0.9) 25.5 (1.0) 25.7 (1.1) 16.2 (0.9) 4.6 (0.4) 0.5 (0.2) Slovak Republic 9.8 (0.9) 16.1 (1.1) 25.3 (1.2) 25.2 (1.0) 16.7 (0.9) 6.0 (0.6) 0.9 (0.2) Spain 7.2 (0.5) 15.3 (0.7) 25.5 (0.6) 28.0 (0.6) 18.0 (0.7) 5.2 (0.4) 0.7 (0.1) Sweden 6.7 (0.6) 14.1 (0.8) 23.3 (1.1) 27.1 (0.8) 19.5 (0.8) 7.7 (0.5) 1.6 (0.2) Switzerland 5.9 (0.6) 11.0 (0.8) 11.4 (0.6) 3.4 (0.4) 19.1 (1.1) Click(0.5) 19.2 View The Agreement. Here27.0 (0.8) 25.7 (0.7) 23.3 To (1.3) 15.2 (1.0) 30.3 (1.4) 6.8 (1.0) 1.6 (0.5) 0.1 (0.1) 6.8 (0.5) 12.5 (0.6) 20.1 (0.6) 23.8 (0.8) 21.1 (0.8) 11.7 (0.5) 4.0 (0.4) 10.0 (1.5) 16.1 (0.8) 22.1 (1.1) 22.8 (0.9) 17.8 (0.8) 8.7 (0.8) 2.5 (0.4) OECD total 9.5 (0.4) 15.6 (0.3) 21.7 (0.3) 23.1 (0.3) 18.5 (0.3) 9.1 (0.2) 2.5 (0.1) OECD average OECD % Australia 7.9 (0.1) 14.1 (0.1) 21.7 (0.2) 24.7 (0.2) 19.8 (0.2) 9.4 (0.1) 2.4 (0.1) Argentina 31.9 (2.4) 24.6 (1.2) 23.4 (1.2) 13.8 (1.1) 5.4 (0.7) 0.9 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Azerbaijan 48.0 (2.1) 33.2 (1.3) 13.9 (1.2) 4.1 (0.8) 0.7 (0.2) 0.0 (0.0) a a Brazil 35.0 (1.3) 28.3 (1.1) 20.9 (0.9) 11.0 (0.8) 4.0 (0.4) 0.8 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Bulgaria 27.7 (2.3) 20.7 (1.2) 21.0 (1.2) 16.6 (1.2) 9.9 (1.0) 3.2 (0.7) 0.9 (0.3) Chile 16.0 (1.3) 23.9 (1.3) 26.9 (1.2) 20.0 (1.3) 10.0 (0.9) 2.8 (0.5) 0.3 (0.1) Colombia 29.0 (2.0) 32.0 (1.4) 26.0 (1.4) 10.5 (0.9) 2.3 (0.3) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a Croatia 5.2 (0.6) 15.1 (0.8) 26.8 (1.0) 28.4 (1.0) 17.8 (0.9) 5.8 (0.5) 0.9 (0.2) Estonia 1.9 (0.3) 8.2 (0.6) 20.3 (0.8) 30.7 (1.2) 25.2 (1.2) 11.6 (0.7) 2.2 (0.3) Hong Kong-China 2.7 (0.4) 7.6 (0.7) 16.1 (0.7) 26.8 (1.0) 28.9 (0.9) 14.9 (0.8) 3.0 (0.3) Indonesia 28.1 (2.6) 35.0 (1.7) 24.2 (1.5) 10.2 (1.9) 2.4 (1.0) 0.1 (0.1) a a Israel 18.3 (1.3) 18.0 (0.9) 20.3 (0.8) 18.5 (0.8) 14.6 (0.9) 7.7 (0.6) 2.6 (0.3) Jordan 23.6 (1.2) 27.3 (1.2) 27.4 (1.2) 15.7 (0.9) 5.1 (0.6) 0.8 (0.3) 0.0 a Kyrgyzstan 69.8 (1.3) 18.1 (0.8) 7.8 (0.6) 3.0 (0.5) 1.1 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) 0.0 a Latvia 5.2 (0.7) 14.1 (0.9) 26.2 (1.0) 30.9 (1.0) 18.3 (1.0) 5.0 (0.5) 0.4 (0.1) Liechtenstein 3.9 (1.1) 9.7 (1.8) 19.4 (3.0) 24.3 (2.4) 22.0 (2.7) 15.4 (2.0) 5.3 (1.4) Lithuania 6.7 (0.6) 15.8 (0.9) 25.3 (0.9) 28.0 (0.9) 18.0 (0.9) 5.6 (0.6) 0.8 (0.2) Macao-China 2.4 (0.3) 9.4 (0.5) 24.8 (0.8) 33.5 (0.9) 23.0 (1.0) 6.4 (0.5) 0.5 (0.2) Montenegro 22.8 (0.6) 29.5 (0.9) 27.2 (0.8) 14.9 (0.7) 4.9 (0.5) 0.7 (0.2) 0.0 a Qatar 59.3 (0.6) 22.4 (0.6) 10.8 (0.6) 4.8 (0.3) 1.9 (0.2) 0.6 (0.1) 0.1 (0.1) Romania 25.1 (2.4) 25.5 (1.4) 25.7 (1.8) 16.6 (1.8) 5.8 (0.8) 1.2 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) 7.7 (0.8) 16.4 (0.9) 27.2 (1.0) 26.3 (0.8) 15.9 (1.0) 5.4 (0.5) 1.1 (0.2) 18.7 (1.2) 25.4 (1.0) 27.4 (1.1) 19.4 (1.2) 7.5 (0.7) 1.4 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Slovenia 3.5 (0.3) 11.6 (0.5) 22.7 (0.7) 27.5 (0.7) 22.3 (0.7) 10.2 (0.5) 2.2 (0.4) Chinese Taipei 3.1 (0.5) 9.9 (0.8) 17.5 (0.8) 26.6 (0.9) 27.1 (1.1) 13.5 (0.7) 2.3 (0.3) Thailand 16.3 (0.9) 29.2 (1.0) 29.9 (0.9) 16.8 (0.7) 6.4 (0.7) 1.1 (0.2) 0.1 (0.1) Tunisia Uruguay 31.7 19.8 (1.4) (1.1) 29.8 22.3 (1.1) (1.0) 24.0 26.3 (1.1) (0.9) 11.2 20.1 (0.8) (0.9) 3.0 9.1 (0.6) (0.6) 0.3 2.1 (0.1) (0.4) 0.0 0.3 a (0.1) Greece Mexico Turkey United Kingdom Partners United States Russian Federation Serbia 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 39 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.4b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the using scientific evidence scale, by gender Tableau 2.4b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques, selon le sexe Males – Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 4.5 (0.5) 10.0 (0.8) 18.7 (0.9) 24.8 (0.9) 24.3 (0.7) 13.4 (0.7) 4.3 (0.6) Austria 7.1 (0.9) 12.5 (1.2) 21.6 (1.4) 23.0 (1.2) 21.5 (1.1) 11.4 (1.0) 2.9 (0.5) Belgium 8.0 (1.0) 11.7 (0.9) 18.4 (1.1) 23.6 (0.9) 23.6 (0.9) 12.3 (0.7) 2.4 (0.3) Canada 2.9 (0.4) 8.2 (0.7) 16.6 (1.0) 26.2 (1.2) 27.6 (1.0) 14.5 (0.7) 4.0 (0.5) Czech Republic 6.7 (0.8) 14.0 (1.2) 23.4 (1.6) 24.7 (1.4) 19.0 (1.2) 9.2 (0.9) 3.0 (0.5) Denmark 8.1 (0.9) 15.3 (1.3) 23.4 (1.4) 25.3 (1.1) 18.9 (1.0) 7.4 (0.8) 1.6 (0.4) Finland 1.2 (0.3) 5.3 (0.6) 15.0 (1.0) 25.4 (1.1) 28.2 (1.0) 17.8 (1.0) 7.1 (0.7) France 8.3 (1.1) 13.1 (1.1) 19.2 (1.2) 22.1 (1.4) 21.5 (1.1) 12.6 (1.2) 3.2 (0.6) Germany 7.0 (1.1) 11.1 (1.0) 19.1 (1.3) 24.0 (1.3) 22.4 (1.2) 12.5 (1.0) 3.8 (0.5) 14.4 (1.7) 18.4 (1.1) 24.9 (1.4) 23.8 (1.4) 13.5 (1.1) 4.2 (0.6) 0.7 (0.2) Hungary 6.9 (1.0) 14.2 (1.0) 23.6 (1.4) 26.2 (1.4) 19.1 (1.2) 8.3 (1.1) 1.7 (0.4) Iceland 10.0 (0.8) 15.3 (1.1) 22.2 (1.1) 24.4 (1.1) 18.2 (1.0) 7.9 (0.8) 2.1 (0.4) Ireland 6.6 (0.8) 13.3 (1.2) 22.0 (1.2) 26.7 (1.0) 20.6 (1.2) 9.1 (0.8) 1.7 (0.5) Italy 13.2 (0.9) 16.9 (0.8) 24.3 (0.8) 24.1 (0.9) 15.2 (0.8) 5.5 (0.4) 0.9 (0.1) Japan 5.0 (0.8) 9.3 (1.0) 15.5 (1.2) 22.1 (1.1) 24.3 (1.4) 17.0 (1.2) 6.8 (0.7) Korea 4.2 (0.8) 8.5 (0.9) 17.4 (1.0) 26.0 (1.5) 26.1 (1.3) 14.3 (1.4) 3.5 (0.7) Luxembourg 10.3 (0.6) 14.0 (1.0) 20.4 (1.1) 24.7 (0.9) 19.0 (0.9) 9.5 (0.6) 2.2 (0.4) Mexico 23.8 (1.6) 28.3 (1.1) 27.4 (1.1) 15.6 (0.9) 4.4 (0.4) 0.6 (0.2) 0.0 (0.0) Netherlands 3.5 (0.7) 12.0 (1.4) 19.7 (1.2) 24.5 (1.6) 22.8 (1.5) 13.8 (0.9) 3.7 (0.4) New Zealand 6.6 (1.0) 10.9 (1.1) 17.8 (1.0) 21.1 (1.1) 21.7 (1.0) 14.8 (1.1) 7.1 (0.8) Norway 11.9 (1.2) 18.3 (1.2) 25.0 (1.2) 22.3 (1.5) 15.1 (1.1) 6.1 (0.7) 1.2 (0.3) Poland 6.7 (0.8) 15.3 (1.0) 25.0 (1.0) 26.2 (1.1) 18.5 (1.2) 7.2 (0.8) 1.2 (0.4) Portugal 10.3 (1.2) 17.6 (1.2) 25.3 (1.4) 24.6 (1.4) 15.9 (1.2) 5.6 (0.8) 0.7 (0.3) Slovak Republic 10.6 (1.2) 16.3 (1.5) 24.5 (1.5) 24.2 (1.3) 16.4 (1.2) 6.8 (0.8) 1.2 (0.4) Spain 8.1 (0.7) 15.1 (0.8) 25.1 (0.9) 27.1 (0.9) 17.8 (0.8) 6.0 (0.6) 0.9 (0.2) Sweden 7.8 (0.9) 14.3 (1.0) 22.6 (1.3) 26.6 (1.0) 19.1 (1.0) 7.8 (0.7) 1.7 (0.5) Switzerland 6.1 (0.8) 10.7 (1.0) 11.6 (0.7) 3.6 (0.5) 22.1 (1.6) Click(0.8) 18.8 View The Agreement. Here24.6 (1.0) 26.1 (0.9) 23.3 To (1.7) 13.9 (1.1) 31.2 (1.6) 6.5 (1.1) 1.6 (0.6) 0.1 (0.1) 7.4 (0.8) 12.0 (0.8) 19.1 (0.8) 22.9 (1.1) 20.9 (1.1) 13.1 (0.7) 4.7 (0.6) United States 11.5 (1.8) 16.5 (1.0) 20.8 (1.3) 21.7 (1.1) 17.8 (1.1) 9.2 (0.9) 2.6 (0.4) OECD total 10.5 (0.5) 15.8 (0.3) 21.0 (0.4) 22.1 (0.4) 18.2 (0.3) 9.5 (0.3) 2.8 (0.2) 8.7 (0.2) 14.3 (0.2) 21.4 (0.2) 23.8 (0.2) 19.4 (0.2) 9.7 (0.2) 2.7 (0.1) Argentina 35.6 (2.7) 24.8 (1.4) 22.5 (1.5) 11.9 (1.3) 4.4 (0.8) 0.7 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Azerbaijan 50.1 (2.4) 31.3 (1.6) 13.6 (1.3) 4.1 (0.8) 0.8 (0.2) 0.0 (0.0) a a Brazil 34.4 (1.6) 27.5 (1.5) 21.5 (1.1) 10.8 (0.9) 4.6 (0.6) 1.0 (0.3) 0.1 a Bulgaria 31.9 (2.7) 21.6 (1.6) 19.1 (1.3) 14.8 (1.3) 8.8 (1.0) 2.8 (0.7) 1.1 (0.4) Chile 14.2 (1.5) 22.7 (1.4) 27.3 (1.5) 20.7 (1.3) 11.3 (1.2) 3.4 (0.7) 0.4 (0.2) Colombia 29.1 (2.5) 31.1 (1.9) 25.6 (1.7) 11.3 (1.3) 2.7 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) 0.0 a Croatia 6.0 (0.9) 16.1 (1.1) 26.5 (1.3) 26.8 (1.3) 17.6 (1.2) 6.0 (0.7) 1.0 (0.2) Estonia 2.4 (0.4) 9.5 (1.0) 20.0 (1.3) 29.5 (1.7) 24.5 (1.7) 11.6 (0.8) 2.6 (0.4) Hong Kong-China 3.2 (0.6) 8.1 (0.9) 15.1 (1.0) 25.3 (1.5) 29.1 (1.4) 15.8 (1.1) 3.4 (0.5) Indonesia 28.2 (3.3) 33.7 (2.2) 23.7 (1.8) 11.3 (2.7) 3.0 (1.6) 0.1 (0.1) a a Israel 20.6 (1.9) 18.4 (1.5) 18.5 (1.1) 17.0 (1.0) 14.0 (1.1) 8.2 (0.9) 3.3 (0.5) Jordan 30.9 (1.8) 27.3 (1.4) 24.0 (1.4) 12.8 (1.3) 4.3 (0.9) 0.7 (0.4) 0.0 a Kyrgyzstan 71.9 (1.6) 16.0 (1.0) 7.5 (0.8) 3.2 (0.5) 1.3 (0.4) 0.1 (0.1) 0.0 a Latvia 6.3 (0.9) 15.9 (1.2) 26.4 (1.6) 29.4 (1.5) 16.6 (1.2) 5.0 (0.7) 0.4 (0.2) Liechtenstein 4.3 (1.7) 10.3 (3.2) 22.2 (6.1) 24.3 (4.7) 22.2 (3.5) 12.3 (3.0) 4.4 (1.7) Lithuania 7.9 (0.9) 17.3 (1.1) 26.5 (1.2) 26.0 (1.3) 16.5 (1.4) 5.1 (0.7) 0.7 (0.3) Macao-China 3.1 (0.4) 9.8 (0.7) 24.1 (1.0) 31.7 (1.3) 23.2 (1.1) 7.5 (0.9) 0.6 (0.2) Montenegro 24.3 (1.2) 30.0 (1.3) 25.7 (1.3) 14.9 (1.0) 4.5 (0.8) 0.6 (0.3) a a Qatar 67.0 (0.9) 18.1 (0.8) 8.0 (0.6) 4.1 (0.4) 2.0 (0.3) 0.8 (0.2) 0.1 (0.1) Romania 27.9 (2.5) 25.3 (1.7) 23.3 (1.7) 15.7 (1.5) 6.2 (1.0) 1.4 (0.3) 0.2 (0.1) 8.8 (1.2) 16.9 (1.2) 26.6 (1.4) 25.1 (1.5) 15.3 (1.3) 6.0 (0.6) 1.3 (0.3) 20.7 (1.3) 26.2 (1.1) 26.8 (1.3) 17.4 (1.4) 7.2 (0.7) 1.6 (0.4) 0.2 (0.1) Slovenia 4.0 (0.4) 12.9 (0.8) 23.9 (1.1) 26.8 (1.1) 20.6 (1.0) 9.5 (0.8) 2.3 (0.6) Chinese Taipei 3.6 (0.6) 10.2 (0.9) 16.6 (1.0) 26.1 (1.3) 27.1 (1.3) 13.8 (1.0) 2.5 (0.4) Thailand 22.3 (1.5) 29.8 (1.4) 26.3 (1.4) 14.9 (1.3) 5.6 (0.9) 1.1 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Tunisia Uruguay OECD % Australia 34.2 21.8 (1.8) (1.5) 29.2 23.3 (1.5) (1.6) 22.8 23.9 (1.5) (1.6) 10.6 18.8 (1.1) (1.3) 3.0 9.5 (0.6) (0.8) 0.2 2.3 (0.1) (0.4) a 0.4 a (0.2) Greece Turkey United Kingdom Partners OECD average Russian Federation Serbia 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 40 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.4b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the using scientific evidence scale, by gender Tableau 2.4b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques, selon le sexe Females – Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 3.3 (0.4) 8.8 (0.5) 18.9 (0.8) 27.6 (0.8) 24.6 (0.8) 13.2 (0.7) 3.6 (0.4) Austria 9.1 (1.9) 12.6 (1.3) 19.2 (1.4) 25.1 (1.4) 22.1 (1.3) 9.9 (1.1) 1.9 (0.5) Belgium 6.1 (0.8) 9.9 (0.9) 17.7 (1.0) 25.8 (1.0) 25.9 (1.0) 12.8 (0.8) 1.8 (0.4) Canada 2.1 (0.3) 7.1 (0.6) 17.8 (0.7) 27.8 (0.8) 28.2 (1.0) 13.9 (0.7) 3.3 (0.3) Czech Republic 8.4 (1.4) 13.1 (1.2) 20.9 (1.3) 25.1 (1.4) 20.6 (1.3) 9.4 (1.2) 2.5 (0.5) Denmark 7.6 (0.9) 15.5 (1.0) 24.4 (1.2) 27.1 (1.5) 17.5 (1.1) 6.8 (0.8) 1.2 (0.3) Finland 0.8 (0.2) 3.6 (0.6) 12.9 (0.9) 26.6 (1.0) 31.1 (1.2) 18.8 (1.0) 6.3 (0.7) France 6.1 (0.8) 12.1 (1.1) 19.8 (1.2) 24.8 (1.4) 23.8 (1.2) 11.4 (0.9) 2.0 (0.4) Germany 6.5 (1.0) 11.9 (1.3) 18.5 (1.1) 26.9 (1.4) 23.1 (1.5) 10.4 (1.1) 2.7 (0.4) Greece 8.2 (0.8) 14.9 (1.1) 27.7 (1.4) 30.5 (1.5) 14.6 (1.1) 3.9 (0.6) 0.3 (0.2) Hungary 5.1 (0.8) 13.3 (1.2) 24.9 (1.3) 30.0 (1.5) 18.5 (1.2) 7.1 (0.8) 1.0 (0.3) Iceland 7.1 (0.7) 14.8 (0.9) 22.6 (1.4) 26.9 (1.6) 19.2 (1.1) 7.8 (0.7) 1.7 (0.4) Ireland 4.4 (0.6) 11.7 (1.0) 23.1 (1.2) 28.4 (1.4) 22.5 (1.6) 8.5 (1.1) 1.4 (0.3) Italy 10.7 (0.8) 18.4 (0.9) 25.7 (0.8) 25.0 (0.9) 14.7 (0.7) 4.8 (0.5) 0.7 (0.2) Japan 4.2 (1.0) 8.1 (1.0) 15.5 (1.1) 23.6 (1.1) 26.6 (1.4) 16.5 (1.2) 5.6 (0.7) Korea 2.0 (0.5) 7.5 (1.0) 16.8 (1.1) 28.6 (1.4) 27.4 (1.4) 14.4 (1.2) 3.3 (0.6) Luxembourg 8.2 (0.7) 14.9 (0.8) 23.1 (0.9) 26.1 (0.9) 18.9 (0.9) 7.4 (0.8) 1.4 (0.3) 23.6 (1.4) 29.9 (1.1) 27.7 (1.0) 14.8 (0.9) 3.6 (0.4) 0.4 (0.1) 0.0 (0.0) Netherlands 4.1 (0.7) 12.1 (1.1) 19.4 (1.4) 23.3 (1.4) 24.9 (1.7) 13.6 (1.4) 2.6 (0.4) New Zealand 4.3 (0.6) 9.3 (0.8) 17.6 (1.0) 22.9 (1.1) 23.2 (1.2) 16.1 (1.2) 6.7 (0.7) Norway 8.2 (0.8) 18.5 (1.1) 26.0 (1.2) 25.3 (1.4) 15.8 (1.2) 5.0 (0.7) 1.2 (0.3) Poland 4.5 (0.6) 14.5 (0.8) 25.9 (1.2) 29.2 (1.4) 19.1 (1.0) 6.0 (0.7) 0.9 (0.2) Portugal 9.1 (1.1) 18.0 (1.1) 25.7 (1.2) 26.7 (1.3) 16.6 (1.3) 3.6 (0.5) 0.3 (0.2) Slovak Republic 9.0 (1.1) 15.8 (1.4) 26.2 (1.4) 26.2 (1.3) 17.1 (1.0) 5.2 (0.7) 0.5 (0.2) Spain 6.3 (0.6) 15.6 (0.9) 25.9 (1.1) 28.9 (0.8) 18.3 (0.9) 4.5 (0.4) 0.5 (0.2) Sweden 5.4 (0.7) 14.0 (1.1) 24.1 (1.5) 27.6 (1.0) 19.9 (1.2) 7.6 (0.8) 1.4 (0.3) Switzerland 5.8 (0.7) 11.4 (1.1) 11.3 (0.8) 3.2 (0.5) 15.3 (1.5) Click(0.8) 19.7 View The Agreement. Here29.9 (1.0) 25.3 (1.1) 23.3 To (1.6) 16.8 (1.4) 29.3 (1.9) 7.0 (1.1) 1.5 (0.5) 0.1 (0.1) United Kingdom 6.1 (0.6) 12.9 (0.9) 21.1 (1.0) 24.8 (1.1) 21.3 (1.0) 10.4 (0.7) 3.3 (0.4) United States 8.5 (1.3) 15.7 (1.2) 23.4 (1.3) 23.9 (1.1) 17.9 (0.9) 8.1 (0.9) 2.4 (0.5) OECD total 8.6 (0.4) 15.5 (0.5) 22.3 (0.4) 24.0 (0.4) 18.8 (0.3) 8.6 (0.3) 2.3 (0.2) OECD average OECD % Australia 7.0 (0.2) 13.8 (0.2) 22.1 (0.2) 25.7 (0.2) 20.2 (0.2) 9.0 (0.2) 2.1 (0.1) Argentina 28.6 (2.5) 24.3 (1.6) 24.2 (1.7) 15.5 (1.5) 6.3 (0.9) 1.1 (0.5) 0.1 a Azerbaijan 45.6 (2.1) 35.3 (1.5) 14.3 (1.4) 4.1 (0.8) 0.5 (0.3) 0.0 a a a Brazil 35.5 (1.5) 28.9 (1.2) 20.4 (1.1) 11.1 (1.1) 3.5 (0.5) 0.7 (0.2) 0.0 (0.0) Bulgaria 23.3 (2.3) 19.7 (1.5) 23.0 (1.6) 18.5 (1.4) 11.1 (1.4) 3.7 (0.8) 0.8 (0.3) Chile 18.1 (1.6) 25.3 (1.9) 26.3 (1.5) 19.3 (1.7) 8.6 (1.1) 2.1 (0.4) 0.3 (0.2) Colombia 29.0 (2.1) 32.8 (1.6) 26.4 (1.6) 9.8 (1.1) 1.9 (0.4) 0.1 (0.2) a a Croatia 4.5 (0.7) 14.1 (1.1) 27.1 (1.3) 30.0 (1.2) 17.9 (1.3) 5.6 (0.6) 0.7 (0.2) Estonia 1.4 (0.3) 6.7 (0.8) 20.5 (1.1) 31.9 (1.5) 25.8 (1.4) 11.7 (1.0) 1.9 (0.3) Hong Kong-China 2.2 (0.4) 7.2 (0.8) 17.1 (1.2) 28.4 (1.4) 28.6 (1.4) 14.0 (1.2) 2.6 (0.4) Indonesia 27.9 (2.3) 36.5 (1.6) 24.8 (1.6) 9.0 (1.4) 1.7 (0.6) 0.1 (0.1) a a Israel 16.0 (1.6) 17.8 (1.0) 22.1 (1.4) 20.1 (1.1) 15.1 (1.2) 7.1 (0.7) 1.9 (0.4) Jordan 16.4 (1.4) 27.4 (1.7) 30.9 (1.4) 18.6 (1.2) 5.9 (0.6) 0.9 (0.3) 0.0 a Kyrgyzstan 68.0 (1.5) 20.0 (1.1) 8.1 (0.7) 2.9 (0.5) 1.0 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) 0.0 a Latvia 4.3 (0.7) 12.3 (1.1) 25.9 (1.1) 32.3 (1.7) 20.0 (1.3) 4.9 (0.7) 0.4 (0.2) Liechtenstein 3.6 (1.5) 9.1 (2.3) 17.0 (3.1) 24.3 (3.6) 21.8 (3.9) 18.1 (3.4) 6.1 (2.3) Lithuania 5.4 (0.6) 14.2 (1.0) 23.9 (1.1) 30.0 (1.5) 19.6 (1.4) 6.0 (0.7) 0.8 (0.3) Macao-China 1.7 (0.3) 9.0 (0.9) 25.4 (1.2) 35.4 (1.4) 22.8 (1.4) 5.4 (0.5) 0.4 (0.2) Montenegro 21.2 (1.2) 29.0 (1.6) 28.7 (1.2) 15.0 (1.0) 5.3 (0.6) 0.7 (0.3) 0.0 a Qatar 51.4 (1.1) 26.9 (1.0) 13.7 (1.0) 5.6 (0.4) 1.9 (0.3) 0.5 (0.1) 0.1 (0.1) Romania 22.4 (2.8) 25.8 (1.7) 28.0 (2.4) 17.4 (2.7) 5.4 (1.1) 1.0 (0.4) 0.0 a 6.6 (0.9) 15.8 (1.2) 27.8 (1.2) 27.4 (1.1) 16.4 (1.3) 4.9 (0.6) 1.0 (0.3) 16.6 (1.6) 24.7 (1.4) 28.0 (1.4) 21.5 (1.6) 7.9 (0.9) 1.3 (0.3) 0.0 a 3.0 (0.5) 10.3 (0.8) 21.5 (1.1) 28.2 (1.2) 24.0 (1.0) 10.8 (0.8) 2.2 (0.5) Mexico Partners Turkey Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei 2.6 (0.6) 9.5 (1.0) 18.5 (1.3) 27.2 (1.2) 27.1 (1.4) 13.0 (1.1) 2.1 (0.4) Thailand 11.9 (0.8) 28.8 (1.2) 32.7 (1.0) 18.3 (1.0) 7.1 (0.8) 1.1 (0.3) 0.1 (0.1) Tunisia Uruguay 29.5 17.9 (1.5) (1.4) 30.3 21.4 (1.4) (1.2) 25.1 28.7 (1.8) (1.2) 11.8 21.3 (1.1) (1.4) 3.0 8.8 (0.7) (0.8) 0.3 1.9 (0.2) (0.5) 0.0 0.1 a (0.1) 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 41 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.4c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the using scientific evidence scale Tableau 2.4c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques All students Mean score Gender differences Standard deviation Males Difference (M - F) Females Partners OECD Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Score dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 531 505 516 542 501 489 567 511 515 465 497 491 506 467 544 538 492 402 526 537 473 494 472 478 485 496 519 417 514 489 492 499 (2.4) (4.7) (3.0) (2.2) (4.1) (3.6) (2.3) (3.9) (4.6) (4.0) (3.4) (1.7) (3.4) (2.3) (4.2) (3.7) (1.1) (3.1) (3.3) (3.3) (3.6) (2.7) (3.6) (3.3) (3.0) (2.6) (3.4) (4.3) (2.5) (5.0) (1.5) (0.6) 107 116 113 99 113 107 96 114 115 107 102 111 102 111 116 102 113 94 106 121 109 98 103 108 101 106 111 97 117 116 117 108 (1.1) (3.4) (2.4) (1.3) (2.4) (1.7) (1.2) (2.6) (3.3) (3.2) (2.1) (1.4) (1.6) (1.6) (2.5) (2.9) (1.1) (1.8) (2.0) (1.7) (1.9) (1.4) (1.9) (2.5) (1.2) (1.5) (1.9) (3.2) (1.7) (2.5) (0.9) (0.4) 530 509 512 541 501 490 564 509 517 456 497 487 503 466 543 535 493 404 527 532 469 492 473 478 484 494 520 410 517 486 490 498 (3.4) (4.9) (3.8) (2.7) (5.0) (4.1) (3.0) (5.0) (5.6) (5.6) (4.1) (3.1) (4.8) (3.2) (5.8) (5.2) (2.0) (3.7) (3.8) (4.4) (4.2) (3.0) (4.2) (4.8) (3.4) (3.1) (3.6) (5.2) (3.1) (6.1) (1.7) (0.8) 533 500 521 542 500 487 571 513 513 475 498 495 509 468 545 542 490 401 524 541 476 495 471 478 485 499 517 426 510 491 493 501 (3.0) (6.2) (3.8) (2.3) (5.4) (4.0) (2.7) (4.2) (4.5) (3.7) (4.5) (2.5) (3.5) (3.1) (6.4) (4.5) (2.2) (3.0) (3.7) (4.3) (3.9) (3.0) (4.0) (3.6) (3.1) (3.2) (3.9) (4.6) (3.1) (4.6) (1.6) (0.7) -3 9 -9 -1 1 3 -7 -4 4 -20 -1 -7 -7 -2 -2 -8 3 3 3 -10 -7 -3 2 0 -1 -5 2 -16 6 -5 -2 -3 (4.2) (6.1) (4.7) (2.3) (6.5) (3.8) (3.3) (4.7) (4.3) (5.4) (5.2) (4.4) (4.8) (4.2) (8.9) (6.4) (3.5) (2.7) (3.5) (5.8) (3.8) (2.8) (3.8) (5.6) (2.5) (3.4) (2.9) (4.7) (3.8) (4.1) (1.5) (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 385 344 378 417 440 383 490 531 542 386 460 405 288 491 535 487 512 407 324 407 481 425 516 532 423 382 429 (7.0) (4.0) (3.6) (7.5) (5.1) (3.9) (3.0) (2.7) (2.7) (7.3) (4.7) (3.3) (3.8) (3.4) (4.3) (3.1) (1.2) (1.3) (1.2) (6.0) (4.2) (3.7) (1.3) (3.7) (2.6) (3.7) (3.1) 117 77 105 127 103 91 96 93 99 83 133 101 105 92 111 99 84 93 103 104 102 100 100 100 91 95 107 (3.6) (2.4) (2.7) (3.7) (1.9) (2.4) (1.9) (1.3) (1.8) (3.4) (2.3) (2.3) (2.5) (1.8) (3.6) (1.8) (1.0) (1.1) (1.0) (3.1) (1.6) (1.9) (1.0) (1.8) (1.8) (2.4) (1.9) 374 342 382 404 447 386 488 529 544 388 456 385 280 484 524 478 512 403 307 403 478 419 510 532 409 377 425 (7.4) (4.5) (3.9) (8.0) (6.2) (4.5) (4.1) (3.2) (3.8) (10.2) (6.7) (5.5) (4.7) (4.1) (8.2) (3.7) (2.0) (2.0) (1.5) (6.0) (4.5) (4.0) (2.3) (4.5) (4.2) (4.1) (4.0) 396 347 375 430 431 381 493 533 541 383 464 424 295 497 544 495 511 411 341 412 483 431 522 532 433 387 433 (7.7) (3.9) (3.8) (8.2) (5.2) (4.8) (3.5) (3.0) (4.0) (5.0) (5.4) (3.6) (3.9) (3.6) (6.8) (3.3) (1.6) (2.0) (1.9) (6.7) (4.4) (4.8) (2.0) (5.1) (2.7) (4.3) (3.5) -23 -6 6 -26 16 5 -5 -5 2 5 -8 -39 -15 -13 -20 -17 0 -8 -35 -9 -5 -11 -12 0 -24 -10 -8 (6.2) (2.4) (2.7) (6.7) (5.3) (4.9) (4.8) (3.3) (5.5) (7.3) (7.6) (6.3) (3.7) (3.6) (12.2) (3.0) (2.7) (3.1) (2.5) (4.6) (3.1) (4.9) (3.4) (6.0) (4.5) (3.9) (4.1) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 42 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.4c Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the using scientific evidence scale Tableau 2.4c Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle d’utilisation de faits scientifiques Percentiles 5th 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Partners OECD Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 348 305 312 370 312 310 406 311 317 279 325 303 331 279 340 359 296 248 346 331 294 330 297 294 315 318 325 271 316 296 297 316 (3.8) (11.2) (9.8) (4.3) (8.6) (6.6) (5.4) (7.9) (11.2) (9.9) (7.6) (5.3) (5.4) (5.0) (8.6) (9.1) (4.3) (6.0) (6.5) (7.1) (7.9) (4.7) (6.9) (8.1) (5.5) (6.4) (6.4) (4.6) (6.2) (10.1) (2.8) (1.3) 390 350 360 408 353 349 442 359 361 325 362 345 370 323 388 402 341 280 382 377 334 365 337 336 355 359 368 302 361 335 338 357 (3.3) (9.0) (7.2) (4.3) (6.6) (4.8) (4.0) (6.7) (8.1) (7.9) (6.3) (4.1) (5.0) (3.5) (7.9) (7.6) (3.1) (5.4) (6.5) (5.2) (5.8) (3.7) (6.0) (5.8) (3.6) (4.9) (5.0) (3.7) (4.3) (8.8) (2.8) (1.1) 459 428 442 477 423 416 504 432 440 399 429 414 437 393 468 473 415 339 446 453 398 425 401 407 418 425 445 352 434 405 409 427 (2.8) (6.2) (4.5) (2.9) (5.1) (4.3) (2.9) (5.9) (6.8) (5.8) (4.2) (3.1) (4.5) (3.0) (5.9) (5.4) (2.5) (3.8) (5.3) (4.4) (4.5) (3.4) (5.2) (4.6) (3.6) (3.5) (4.4) (3.3) (3.6) (7.0) (2.0) (0.8) 607 589 599 612 581 564 633 595 597 539 568 570 579 545 627 611 572 467 606 624 549 563 547 554 556 570 597 479 597 573 577 576 (2.7) (4.6) (2.4) (2.2) (4.7) (3.9) (2.7) (4.2) (3.9) (3.8) (4.4) (2.4) (3.1) (2.8) (3.6) (4.1) (1.9) (3.3) (3.4) (3.4) (3.8) (3.5) (3.4) (4.2) (3.2) (3.0) (3.5) (6.9) (2.9) (5.1) (1.5) (0.7) 665 649 652 664 644 624 690 654 658 596 628 632 635 606 685 664 635 523 662 687 613 621 602 615 610 630 656 548 661 640 642 635 (2.7) (4.7) (2.6) (2.5) (5.4) (4.6) (2.9) (4.1) (4.2) (4.3) (4.8) (3.3) (3.8) (2.8) (3.4) (4.3) (2.8) (3.0) (2.9) (4.5) (3.4) (3.5) (3.5) (4.1) (3.2) (3.3) (4.5) (9.2) (3.2) (5.2) (1.7) (0.7) 698 680 680 695 681 658 722 685 691 630 661 666 666 642 719 694 668 554 691 725 649 652 634 647 641 664 691 589 699 677 679 668 (3.5) (4.7) (3.3) (3.1) (5.9) (5.3) (3.9) (4.3) (4.4) (4.3) (4.4) (3.3) (4.5) (2.9) (4.8) (5.0) (3.0) (3.6) (3.0) (4.9) (4.7) (4.0) (4.3) (4.1) (3.8) (3.2) (5.5) (10.5) (3.8) (5.9) (1.9) (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 181 226 215 216 275 233 333 374 367 255 241 235 125 332 354 321 367 258 174 239 311 260 351 356 280 227 249 (12.3) (5.3) (7.5) (10.2) (5.2) (8.2) (5.8) (5.3) (6.0) (6.5) (7.4) (6.6) (6.7) (6.7) (19.1) (5.2) (3.8) (2.7) (2.8) (7.5) (6.5) (5.4) (4.3) (5.8) (4.5) (4.9) (5.2) 229 250 250 256 309 266 367 409 408 282 286 277 160 370 388 357 401 288 203 273 350 295 386 393 309 260 287 (12.3) (4.6) (5.2) (8.8) (5.3) (6.3) (4.3) (3.9) (4.7) (5.8) (6.5) (4.4) (4.9) (5.5) (11.3) (3.8) (2.9) (3.1) (2.4) (6.8) (5.6) (4.5) (3.1) (5.9) (4.1) (5.1) (5.1) 311 292 307 325 367 324 424 468 479 328 366 339 218 429 458 418 456 342 254 335 413 357 447 464 361 317 355 (8.2) (4.2) (3.3) (8.1) (5.4) (5.1) (3.8) (3.3) (4.4) (5.9) (6.0) (3.6) (4.3) (4.5) (10.1) (4.0) (1.7) (1.9) (1.9) (7.9) (4.9) (4.8) (2.0) (6.0) (3.2) (3.9) (4.6) 467 391 446 506 511 445 557 595 613 440 558 474 352 555 619 557 571 469 382 480 551 495 586 605 483 447 504 (6.4) (5.2) (4.6) (8.7) (6.7) (4.7) (3.5) (3.2) (3.1) (9.1) (5.5) (4.2) (4.0) (3.5) (7.6) (3.9) (2.0) (2.4) (1.8) (6.8) (4.7) (4.6) (2.6) (3.3) (3.7) (4.9) (2.9) 533 446 518 585 576 497 614 650 663 498 635 532 424 606 681 612 618 529 462 541 611 554 647 656 544 506 566 (6.9) (7.2) (6.0) (9.3) (5.9) (4.3) (3.8) (3.4) (3.2) (14.3) (4.6) (5.1) (6.8) (3.4) (12.4) (4.3) (2.4) (3.0) (2.8) (7.0) (5.1) (4.4) (3.2) (3.5) (4.9) (6.4) (3.8) 571 483 557 624 613 529 645 681 691 532 676 566 473 636 710 643 645 565 515 576 647 589 679 683 581 541 602 (6.9) (8.2) (7.0) (8.7) (6.5) (4.4) (3.4) (3.8) (3.3) (13.8) (5.2) (5.8) (9.1) (3.2) (12.4) (4.9) (3.4) (4.3) (3.0) (8.2) (4.7) (4.8) (3.1) (3.2) (5.1) (7.7) (4.0) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 43 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 2.5 Gender differences in performance on the science scale after taking student programmes into account Tableau 2.5 Différences de scores selon le sexe sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, après contrôle du niveau et de la filière d’enseignement Gender differences in science performance (M - F) Overall After accounting for the programme level and programme destination in which students are enrolled1 Within school Partners OECD Score difference S.E. Score difference S.E. Score difference S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 0 8 1 4 5 9 -3 3 7 -11 6 -6 0 3 3 -2 9 7 7 -4 -4 3 5 6 4 1 6 -12 10 1 2 (3.8) (4.9) (4.1) (2.2) (5.6) (3.2) (2.9) (4.0) (3.7) (4.7) (4.2) (3.4) (4.3) (3.5) (7.4) (5.5) (2.9) (2.2) (3.0) (5.2) (3.4) (2.5) (3.3) (4.7) (2.4) (3.0) (2.7) (4.1) (3.4) (3.5) (0.7) -2 16 15 6 18 9 -3 20 17 7 27 -6 2 13 2 1 11 14 15 2 -4 5 10 17 6 3 15 -2 10 3 8 (2.2) (2.9) (2.0) (2.1) (3.0) (2.8) (2.9) (2.1) (2.4) (3.0) (2.4) (3.3) (3.7) (2.0) (2.6) (3.8) (3.0) (1.5) (2.1) (4.0) (3.6) (2.4) (2.8) (2.8) (2.1) (2.7) (2.3) (2.6) (2.5) (2.6) (0.5) -1 18 15 7 19 10 -3 21 17 7 27 -5 4 13 2 1 17 15 16 3 -4 5 18 18 6 3 15 -2 11 6 9 (2.2) (2.8) (1.7) (2.0) (3.0) (2.8) (2.8) (2.0) (2.4) (3.0) (2.4) (3.3) (3.6) (1.9) (2.6) (3.4) (2.7) (1.5) (1.7) (4.0) (3.6) (2.4) (2.4) (2.8) (2.1) (2.7) (2.2) (2.6) (2.5) (2.4) (0.5) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay -13 -8 9 -17 22 9 -2 -4 7 12 3 -29 -6 -7 -11 -9 4 -2 -32 -2 3 -5 -8 7 -17 -5 -3 (5.6) (2.0) (2.3) (5.8) (4.8) (4.6) (4.1) (3.1) (4.9) (6.3) (6.5) (5.3) (3.0) (3.1) (11.1) (2.8) (2.7) (2.6) (1.9) (3.3) (2.7) (3.8) (3.2) (6.0) (3.9) (3.4) (4.0) 0 -8 10 4 18 13 16 0 19 8 3 -16 -7 -4 6 -2 16 10 -13 16 8 15 21 9 -9 8 8 (3.5) (1.5) (2.3) (3.2) (3.0) (3.8) (2.3) (2.5) (2.7) (1.5) (4.3) (5.0) (2.4) (2.8) (6.8) (2.6) (3.0) (2.3) (6.8) (2.4) (2.3) (2.1) (2.6) (2.2) (2.5) (2.5) (3.0) 4 -8 15 5 18 16 22 1 21 8 4 -16 -6 -2 5 -2 19 12 -12 16 12 19 22 9 -6 9 12 (3.4) (1.5) (2.3) (3.2) (2.9) (3.7) (2.1) (2.5) (2.5) (1.6) (4.3) (5.0) (2.4) (2.7) (6.5) (2.5) (2.6) (2.3) (6.4) (2.4) (2.3) (2.0) (2.5) (2.2) (2.5) (2.4) (2.8) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. The programme level indicates whether the student is in a lower (ISCED Level 2) or upper (ISCED Level 3) secondary programme. The programme designation indicates the destination of the study programme: A, B or C (see Annex A1). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 44 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 1/1 ] Table 2.6 Socio-economic indicators1 and the relationship with performance in science Tableau 2.6 Les indicateurs socioéconomiques et le rapport avec la performance des élèves en sciences Socio-economic indicators OECD Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece2 Hungary3 Iceland Ireland Italy2, 3 Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand2 Norway2 Poland2, 3 Portugal3 Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland2, 3 Turkey2, 3 United Kingdom United States Mean performance on the science scale 527 511 510 534 513 496 563 495 516 473 504 491 508 475 531 522 486 410 525 530 487 498 474 488 488 503 512 424 515 489 GDP per capita (In equivalent USD using purchasing power parities) 34 238 34 409 33 028 34 052 20 727 34 090 30 923 30 352 30 826 29 564 17 506 36 499 38 844 28 168 30 773 22 277 m 10 767 35 365 26 070 35 853 13 951 20 043 15 983 27 507 32 111 36 276 7 709 32 890 41 674 Percentage of the population in the age group 35-44 years that has attained at least upper secondary education 66 84 72 88 93 83 87 71 85 65 81 67 70 54 m 88 m 23 76 82 78 50 26 92 54 90 85 25 67 88 Mean PISA index of economic social and cultural status (ESCS) 0.21 0.20 0.17 0.37 0.03 0.31 0.26 -0.09 0.29 -0.15 -0.09 0.77 -0.02 -0.07 -0.01 -0.01 0.09 -0.99 0.25 0.10 0.42 -0.30 -0.62 -0.15 -0.31 0.24 0.09 -1.28 0.19 0.14 Cumulative expenditure per student between 6 and 15 years (In equivalent USD using purchasing power parities) 63 675 86 473 70 818 m 37 822 78 479 64 519 66 640 56 283 48 423 37 295 83 893 57 263 75 864 69 165 52 598 m 17 535 67 302 52 475 88 157 31 295 53 126 23 392 56 591 72 743 94 377 12 576 64 007 91 770 Change in expenditure per student in primary and secondary education (1995=100, 2004 constant prices) Adjusted performance on the science scale OECD Click Here To View The Agreement. Science performance adjusted by GDP per capita and Science the percentage performance Science of the age group adjusted by the performance 35-44 years with mean PISA index adjusted by upper secondary of economic social GDP per capita attainment and cultural status Australia 516 528 516 Austria 499 494 500 Belgium 502 506 501 Canada 524 514 514 Czech Republic 527 497 511 Denmark 485 480 479 Finland 558 546 549 France 491 494 500 Germany 511 500 500 2 Greece 471 478 482 3 Hungary 524 502 508 Iceland 475 489 449 Ireland 489 502 509 2, 3 Italy 476 492 479 Japan 527 m 532 Korea 534 510 522 Luxembourg m m m Mexico 443 468 463 Netherlands 512 515 511 New Zealand2 535 521 525 2 Norway 472 474 464 Poland2, 3 525 528 514 Portugal3 490 524 508 Slovak Republic 512 477 496 Spain 490 506 505 Sweden 496 483 490 Switzerland2, 3 497 493 507 Turkey2, 3 463 483 493 United Kingdom 506 516 504 United States 464 463 481 1. Source: Education at a Glance (OECD, 2007). 2. Public expenditure only. 3. Public institutions only. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Science performance adjusted by cumulative expenditure per student between 6 and 15 years 525 494 504 m 526 484 560 491 518 480 518 476 510 466 526 527 m 436 520 535 469 515 478 511 490 495 490 453 512 469 1995-2000 125 m m m 92 114 108 113 m 156 105 m 129 96 116 m m 115 116 m 93 147 146 111 121 104 94 158 99 118 2000-2004 114 100 m m 131 107 116 m m 131 149 m 150 109 109 m m 117 120 m 118 128 106 141 112 116 111 161 124 114 1995-2004 138 m m m 124 121 122 m 105 192 157 m 181 105 127 m m 130 136 m 109 183 154 155 136 117 105 211 120 130 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 45 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.7 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the knowledge about science scale Tableau 2.7 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de connaissances à propos des sciences All students Mean score Gender differences Standard deviation Males Difference (M - F) Females Partners OECD Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Score dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 533 504 519 537 499 493 558 507 512 471 492 493 513 472 532 527 488 413 530 539 480 491 481 478 489 498 514 425 517 492 492 500 (1.9) (3.3) (2.3) (2.0) (2.9) (2.6) (1.7) (3.1) (3.1) (2.8) (2.2) (1.8) (2.7) (1.8) (3.2) (3.0) (1.3) (2.1) (2.6) (2.5) (2.7) (2.1) (2.7) (2.3) (2.0) (2.2) (2.7) (3.1) (1.9) (3.7) (1.1) (0.5) 100 99 103 97 100 94 89 112 101 97 86 101 93 99 108 92 100 83 101 108 100 90 93 95 90 98 100 83 106 104 105 97 (0.9) (1.8) (1.5) (1.0) (1.4) (1.2) (1.2) (1.7) (1.7) (1.5) (1.4) (1.4) (1.3) (1.1) (1.7) (1.8) (1.1) (1.0) (1.5) (1.2) (1.7) (1.3) (1.8) (1.5) (0.8) (1.3) (1.2) (1.8) (1.4) (1.6) (0.5) (0.3) 529 500 513 534 496 490 550 503 509 459 490 483 508 468 528 520 486 412 528 532 471 486 478 473 485 494 511 415 517 487 488 495 (2.6) (3.8) (3.1) (2.5) (3.8) (3.1) (2.3) (4.2) (4.1) (3.9) (2.8) (2.7) (3.7) (2.5) (4.5) (4.2) (2.0) (2.7) (3.3) (3.5) (3.6) (2.4) (3.3) (3.7) (2.4) (2.6) (3.0) (3.9) (2.5) (4.5) (1.3) (0.6) 538 507 525 541 503 495 566 512 515 483 495 502 517 476 535 533 490 414 532 546 490 495 484 484 492 502 518 437 516 497 497 505 (2.3) (4.2) (2.8) (2.1) (4.1) (2.9) (2.2) (3.9) (3.2) (2.9) (3.1) (2.5) (2.8) (2.4) (4.9) (3.3) (2.1) (2.2) (3.2) (3.5) (3.2) (2.5) (3.1) (2.8) (2.2) (2.9) (3.2) (3.5) (2.6) (3.6) (1.2) (0.6) -10 -7 -11 -7 -7 -6 -16 -9 -6 -24 -5 -20 -9 -8 -8 -14 -4 -1 -4 -14 -18 -9 -6 -10 -7 -7 -6 -22 0 -10 -8 -10 (3.3) (4.6) (3.8) (2.3) (5.2) (3.1) (2.9) (5.3) (3.8) (4.2) (3.9) (3.6) (3.8) (3.4) (7.0) (4.8) (3.2) (2.5) (3.7) (5.1) (4.2) (2.6) (3.6) (4.5) (2.4) (3.2) (3.0) (4.1) (3.3) (3.3) (1.2) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 397 355 394 426 443 396 494 523 542 387 466 409 309 491 526 482 505 407 343 413 475 431 510 525 421 389 431 (4.8) (2.1) (2.5) (5.5) (3.7) (2.9) (2.1) (2.1) (2.5) (2.8) (3.4) (2.5) (2.5) (2.6) (4.2) (2.1) (1.2) (1.6) (1.0) (3.6) (3.3) (2.6) (1.6) (3.0) (1.8) (2.6) (2.4) 100 62 95 113 96 92 88 82 98 73 122 87 96 84 98 88 82 83 88 86 94 86 98 95 85 89 102 (1.6) (1.2) (1.5) (2.5) (1.4) (1.6) (1.2) (1.1) (1.4) (1.3) (1.8) (1.3) (1.6) (1.1) (4.8) (1.0) (1.3) (1.1) (1.0) (2.3) (1.5) (1.1) (1.1) (1.2) (1.3) (1.6) (1.4) 384 352 393 411 447 397 486 516 540 387 463 393 302 480 517 472 502 400 328 405 469 422 498 523 405 381 425 (4.9) (2.4) (3.0) (6.0) (4.7) (3.8) (3.0) (2.5) (3.4) (3.7) (5.0) (3.8) (3.4) (3.3) (8.8) (2.7) (1.7) (2.0) (1.4) (3.7) (3.7) (3.1) (2.0) (3.5) (2.9) (2.8) (3.5) 408 358 394 441 437 396 502 531 543 387 469 424 315 502 535 493 508 414 359 420 481 439 522 528 433 397 438 (5.7) (2.3) (2.7) (6.1) (3.9) (3.5) (2.7) (2.5) (3.5) (2.8) (4.0) (2.8) (2.6) (2.8) (6.6) (2.8) (1.9) (2.4) (1.7) (4.0) (3.4) (3.2) (2.8) (4.4) (2.2) (3.3) (2.6) -24 -6 -1 -30 10 1 -16 -15 -3 0 -6 -32 -13 -21 -18 -22 -5 -14 -31 -15 -11 -18 -25 -4 -28 -15 -13 (4.9) (2.1) (2.8) (5.6) (4.6) (4.5) (3.8) (2.9) (4.8) (3.5) (6.1) (4.4) (3.2) (3.3) (12.9) (3.4) (2.7) (3.0) (2.5) (3.2) (2.9) (3.6) (3.5) (5.0) (3.6) (3.2) (4.0) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 46 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.7 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the knowledge about science scale Tableau 2.7 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle de connaissances à propos des sciences Percentiles 5th 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Partners OECD Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 362 339 342 372 340 339 408 316 336 311 352 321 353 307 348 370 320 281 359 354 313 343 331 318 338 333 346 293 336 321 320 337 (3.5) (5.5) (5.2) (3.6) (4.0) (6.8) (6.3) (7.8) (8.9) (6.2) (4.2) (5.0) (4.8) (2.8) (6.6) (6.5) (6.0) (3.7) (5.6) (5.6) (7.9) (3.9) (3.8) (4.5) (4.2) (5.1) (4.4) (4.4) (2.6) (6.5) (2.1) (1.0) 407 369 379 410 369 371 443 360 374 346 378 360 391 343 390 402 356 310 396 397 351 371 361 350 370 369 377 324 382 354 355 372 (3.0) (6.4) (4.7) (3.2) (3.9) (3.6) (3.5) (5.1) (4.9) (4.1) (3.3) (2.8) (3.6) (2.6) (7.3) (4.9) (3.4) (2.9) (4.5) (4.2) (4.4) (3.2) (3.4) (5.3) (3.2) (4.2) (3.3) (3.0) (3.9) (5.2) (1.6) (0.8) 468 436 450 475 427 428 499 432 445 407 431 425 449 403 460 466 421 356 462 464 413 428 416 416 428 431 448 368 446 419 418 434 (3.1) (4.6) (4.0) (2.4) (4.5) (3.9) (2.9) (4.6) (3.8) (3.6) (3.3) (2.8) (3.2) (2.7) (5.5) (4.2) (2.4) (3.0) (4.2) (5.1) (4.4) (2.8) (4.0) (2.7) (2.5) (2.6) (3.5) (3.2) (3.1) (5.8) (1.6) (0.7) 602 574 591 605 570 557 620 588 583 539 552 565 578 540 609 591 560 469 601 615 550 555 548 543 552 567 586 481 590 567 567 568 (2.5) (4.2) (1.9) (2.0) (2.8) (3.5) (2.2) (3.9) (2.8) (3.3) (3.9) (2.8) (2.9) (2.4) (3.4) (3.5) (2.9) (2.6) (3.2) (3.0) (2.9) (3.7) (3.0) (3.6) (2.5) (2.3) (3.5) (5.1) (2.2) (4.0) (1.5) (0.6) 658 630 649 657 630 612 671 648 638 593 604 620 632 599 665 643 616 520 660 678 606 606 603 603 605 624 644 536 650 628 630 624 (2.5) (4.3) (3.6) (2.1) (4.9) (2.8) (2.5) (2.9) (3.8) (3.2) (3.5) (3.8) (3.3) (2.6) (3.9) (4.0) (2.4) (2.4) (3.1) (3.2) (4.1) (3.5) (3.4) (4.2) (3.1) (3.9) (4.1) (5.7) (1.8) (4.5) (1.4) (0.6) 691 662 681 689 662 643 698 683 673 623 632 653 663 633 698 672 650 548 693 706 639 639 629 634 634 657 672 572 681 664 664 656 (4.1) (4.0) (4.6) (3.8) (4.6) (3.8) (2.0) (5.6) (2.7) (4.5) (3.7) (3.3) (4.3) (2.9) (2.8) (5.1) (3.0) (2.7) (3.1) (3.9) (3.7) (4.0) (3.7) (4.1) (2.7) (4.3) (4.0) (6.5) (3.8) (4.9) (1.7) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 228 256 235 247 289 238 351 390 372 268 267 266 147 350 361 338 364 269 203 278 321 290 348 358 280 242 266 (9.2) (3.4) (4.4) (6.8) (4.4) (6.1) (4.4) (4.2) (6.0) (2.8) (7.2) (3.9) (6.0) (4.9) (12.1) (3.3) (3.2) (3.1) (3.8) (5.2) (4.6) (3.6) (3.3) (5.4) (3.9) (3.4) (6.5) 265 276 273 283 326 277 379 417 411 292 311 295 188 378 394 365 396 299 234 306 350 318 382 400 312 274 302 (6.9) (2.4) (3.0) (6.2) (3.9) (4.1) (3.4) (2.9) (5.1) (2.9) (4.8) (3.2) (3.9) (4.6) (14.7) (2.7) (3.3) (4.3) (4.0) (5.3) (4.5) (3.4) (3.1) (4.7) (4.2) (3.1) (2.9) 329 313 334 347 379 338 435 468 478 338 382 350 246 434 457 420 451 352 286 353 414 372 442 462 365 332 363 (5.3) (2.4) (4.1) (5.4) (4.2) (4.6) (3.0) (2.9) (4.0) (3.4) (5.0) (2.7) (3.7) (3.5) (11.6) (3.2) (2.7) (2.4) (1.8) (4.3) (4.1) (3.5) (2.6) (5.0) (2.2) (2.6) (4.1) 466 394 455 503 507 458 555 580 611 434 554 468 372 550 598 544 562 465 397 469 541 490 579 593 478 449 503 (5.6) (2.7) (3.5) (7.1) (4.5) (3.5) (2.3) (3.1) (3.4) (3.1) (4.9) (3.5) (3.5) (3.3) (7.7) (2.5) (2.3) (2.5) (1.9) (5.8) (4.0) (3.5) (3.1) (3.2) (2.7) (3.7) (3.5) 524 436 520 576 572 513 607 628 664 482 623 522 428 598 649 596 611 516 460 528 599 542 638 644 533 509 562 (5.2) (5.1) (4.8) (7.5) (4.3) (3.5) (3.0) (3.6) (2.6) (4.6) (4.2) (4.3) (3.8) (3.1) (9.2) (2.6) (3.5) (3.9) (2.8) (5.6) (5.0) (3.1) (2.7) (3.4) (3.6) (5.7) (2.6) 560 463 557 615 606 546 641 656 693 511 665 548 463 628 682 624 639 544 499 558 630 573 671 673 564 537 596 (4.7) (5.1) (4.1) (7.5) (6.4) (4.2) (3.4) (4.3) (3.2) (6.2) (6.0) (4.0) (4.9) (4.6) (12.7) (4.1) (5.0) (3.8) (3.2) (6.0) (3.0) (3.4) (3.5) (3.3) (2.7) (5.1) (5.3) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 47 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.8 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Earth and space systems” scale Tableau 2.8 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes de la Terre et de l’univers » All students Mean score Gender differences Standard deviation Males Difference (M - F) Females Partners OECD Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Score dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 530 503 496 540 526 487 554 463 510 477 512 503 508 474 530 533 471 412 518 530 497 501 479 503 493 498 502 425 505 504 493 500 (1.9) (3.6) (2.4) (1.8) (3.6) (2.8) (1.8) (2.8) (3.6) (2.9) (2.7) (1.6) (2.8) (2.0) (3.0) (3.0) (1.6) (2.4) (2.7) (2.4) (2.8) (2.4) (2.7) (2.6) (2.3) (2.3) (2.9) (3.6) (1.9) (4.0) (1.1) (0.5) 98 105 114 98 119 98 100 103 118 107 106 96 102 113 99 98 101 99 106 107 102 104 93 105 108 103 108 101 106 116 114 104 (0.8) (2.1) (1.6) (0.9) (1.7) (1.5) (1.2) (1.6) (1.7) (1.7) (2.0) (1.7) (1.6) (1.2) (1.4) (1.8) (1.1) (1.4) (1.5) (1.1) (1.7) (1.6) (1.7) (2.1) (1.1) (1.3) (1.3) (2.0) (1.3) (1.8) (0.6) (0.3) 538 511 507 549 539 500 562 473 516 480 516 507 515 481 544 540 484 420 530 536 501 510 488 512 503 508 515 427 515 508 500 508 (2.6) (4.1) (3.3) (2.4) (4.5) (3.5) (2.4) (3.8) (4.9) (4.1) (3.5) (2.7) (3.9) (3.1) (4.0) (4.4) (2.2) (3.2) (3.3) (3.3) (3.8) (2.8) (3.3) (4.1) (2.8) (3.0) (3.4) (4.4) (2.6) (4.8) (1.3) (0.6) 522 493 485 531 509 474 547 453 505 475 508 499 501 467 517 526 457 404 505 524 493 493 472 495 484 488 489 423 494 500 486 491 (2.4) (4.4) (3.1) (1.9) (4.8) (3.0) (2.5) (3.2) (3.6) (3.2) (3.6) (2.3) (3.2) (2.5) (4.2) (3.6) (2.1) (2.4) (3.5) (3.4) (3.1) (2.9) (3.3) (3.0) (2.7) (3.0) (3.4) (4.0) (2.6) (4.1) (1.3) (0.6) 16 18 22 18 29 26 14 19 11 5 8 7 14 15 26 14 27 16 25 12 8 17 16 17 19 20 26 4 21 7 15 17 (3.2) (4.8) (4.2) (2.3) (6.2) (3.4) (3.2) (4.3) (4.9) (4.5) (4.6) (3.8) (4.2) (3.9) (5.9) (5.2) (3.1) (2.9) (4.0) (4.5) (4.0) (3.1) (3.7) (5.1) (3.1) (3.8) (3.4) (4.3) (3.4) (3.9) (1.4) (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 384 400 375 443 428 370 497 540 525 402 417 421 315 494 513 487 506 411 350 407 482 441 534 529 430 352 397 (5.4) (2.5) (2.5) (5.5) (3.4) (2.9) (2.4) (2.4) (2.4) (2.9) (3.2) (2.9) (2.6) (3.3) (4.8) (2.5) (1.4) (1.8) (1.1) (4.0) (3.4) (2.7) (1.7) (3.0) (1.7) (2.6) (2.6) 113 77 101 117 95 105 97 98 96 85 113 107 101 105 103 108 86 99 104 94 105 99 119 95 84 96 114 (2.1) (1.3) (1.7) (2.5) (1.3) (1.8) (1.2) (1.3) (1.4) (1.2) (1.7) (1.6) (1.5) (1.4) (4.3) (1.4) (1.7) (1.2) (1.1) (2.1) (1.4) (1.7) (1.4) (1.3) (1.3) (1.6) (2.1) 388 396 387 445 444 384 502 545 533 406 430 413 316 501 521 492 513 419 330 409 491 447 537 537 430 354 410 (5.6) (2.9) (3.2) (6.1) (4.3) (4.6) (3.2) (3.2) (3.6) (4.1) (4.9) (4.5) (3.9) (4.1) (9.4) (3.1) (2.0) (2.4) (1.8) (4.3) (4.2) (3.2) (2.4) (3.5) (2.8) (2.8) (4.0) 380 404 364 441 410 359 493 535 518 397 404 429 314 487 506 481 499 404 369 405 473 434 530 520 430 350 385 (6.6) (2.8) (2.8) (6.3) (3.4) (4.0) (3.1) (2.9) (3.2) (3.0) (3.5) (3.5) (3.1) (3.6) (7.6) (3.2) (2.2) (2.7) (2.2) (4.6) (3.6) (3.6) (3.4) (4.3) (2.1) (3.8) (3.2) 7 -8 23 4 35 26 9 10 15 9 25 -16 1 13 14 12 14 15 -39 4 18 12 7 17 -1 4 25 (5.8) (2.7) (3.1) (5.7) (4.0) (6.1) (4.1) (3.7) (4.9) (4.0) (5.7) (5.4) (4.7) (3.8) (14.1) (3.7) (3.2) (3.6) (3.2) (3.6) (3.6) (4.1) (4.8) (5.0) (3.5) (4.3) (4.8) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 48 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.8 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Earth and space systems” scale Tableau 2.8 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes de la Terre et de l’univers » Percentiles 5th 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Partners OECD Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 370 325 301 373 336 326 387 295 313 297 337 341 330 290 361 366 304 249 340 356 327 329 327 329 314 328 316 264 333 314 306 326 (1.8) (8.1) (5.3) (3.1) (6.9) (4.5) (4.9) (4.8) (8.1) (5.3) (5.3) (5.0) (5.7) (4.2) (4.8) (4.8) (4.3) (4.4) (7.2) (4.4) (6.1) (4.7) (5.8) (6.5) (4.9) (4.9) (4.5) (5.4) (4.6) (6.2) (2.4) (1.0) 402 364 345 409 372 360 425 329 356 340 374 378 371 328 403 405 339 286 378 393 368 365 361 368 355 365 359 300 368 355 346 364 (2.6) (5.8) (4.6) (3.5) (6.1) (4.3) (5.1) (4.7) (5.4) (4.6) (5.7) (2.7) (5.7) (3.5) (5.7) (5.8) (3.7) (3.3) (6.3) (3.8) (4.9) (3.8) (5.3) (3.5) (4.1) (3.4) (4.4) (4.7) (3.0) (6.2) (1.6) (0.9) 463 432 420 477 441 421 488 393 429 407 440 438 440 397 463 467 400 346 444 456 430 427 415 431 420 427 431 358 432 421 414 428 (2.5) (4.3) (3.1) (2.8) (4.7) (4.0) (3.5) (4.6) (5.1) (4.0) (3.5) (2.7) (4.1) (2.7) (3.7) (3.6) (2.5) (3.3) (4.5) (3.3) (3.5) (4.1) (3.5) (4.1) (3.3) (3.5) (3.3) (3.7) (2.7) (6.0) (1.8) (0.7) 599 574 576 608 612 556 624 534 591 551 585 568 580 553 600 599 540 480 591 607 570 573 546 575 566 567 579 494 581 584 573 572 (2.2) (3.3) (2.9) (2.0) (3.3) (2.9) (2.6) (3.7) (3.1) (3.4) (4.6) (2.3) (3.3) (2.9) (3.3) (3.4) (2.8) (3.4) (3.1) (3.3) (3.1) (3.6) (3.1) (3.8) (2.9) (3.1) (3.0) (5.3) (2.5) (4.4) (1.5) (0.6) 652 639 642 664 680 612 684 595 662 616 653 625 639 621 656 658 604 540 657 667 627 639 602 642 635 630 641 559 640 660 641 635 (2.1) (4.4) (3.0) (2.4) (4.6) (3.4) (3.7) (3.9) (4.3) (4.5) (5.4) (4.6) (4.1) (3.1) (3.6) (3.5) (2.9) (4.0) (4.4) (4.0) (3.5) (3.5) (3.7) (3.9) (3.3) (2.8) (4.6) (6.4) (2.3) (5.1) (1.9) (0.7) 686 669 678 696 723 643 715 626 704 650 689 656 672 659 687 686 639 572 689 699 659 673 632 678 673 670 675 592 672 697 678 669 (3.3) (4.5) (2.4) (3.7) (6.2) (5.0) (3.6) (4.1) (4.6) (4.6) (4.3) (4.3) (4.1) (4.0) (2.7) (4.5) (3.1) (3.0) (2.9) (4.1) (3.2) (5.6) (4.8) (5.9) (2.9) (4.1) (4.8) (7.9) (3.2) (5.2) (2.4) (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 197 273 212 258 279 194 339 378 359 257 233 242 145 316 336 302 364 251 186 255 311 275 339 364 293 193 210 (6.5) (5.2) (5.0) (10.8) (3.2) (7.5) (3.9) (6.6) (6.1) (3.8) (5.5) (7.0) (5.5) (7.2) (18.7) (4.7) (4.8) (4.2) (4.4) (4.9) (5.8) (4.5) (3.6) (4.2) (5.1) (4.7) (8.4) 238 301 249 298 309 238 376 415 400 288 274 284 186 357 377 343 394 286 221 285 349 312 378 402 324 231 251 (6.4) (2.9) (3.6) (6.6) (3.9) (4.8) (4.0) (3.6) (4.8) (4.3) (4.8) (4.6) (3.9) (5.5) (10.0) (3.5) (2.9) (3.9) (3.5) (5.2) (4.2) (4.6) (3.9) (4.9) (2.8) (3.6) (5.1) 307 349 307 364 362 301 430 476 460 347 340 350 250 424 443 416 446 344 281 344 409 373 450 466 371 288 322 (6.9) (3.1) (2.6) (6.0) (3.9) (3.8) (3.6) (3.0) (3.0) (3.3) (4.7) (3.3) (4.3) (4.5) (7.8) (4.2) (2.9) (2.6) (1.2) (2.9) (5.2) (4.3) (3.3) (4.0) (2.7) (2.4) (3.5) 463 450 441 523 494 442 562 609 592 461 494 497 383 565 585 558 567 477 416 471 553 509 615 596 487 419 475 (7.0) (3.6) (3.7) (6.1) (4.7) (3.6) (3.0) (2.8) (3.2) (3.2) (3.3) (3.7) (3.4) (4.9) (8.3) (4.2) (2.1) (2.6) (2.9) (5.4) (3.9) (3.7) (3.4) (2.4) (2.1) (3.6) (3.4) 527 502 508 596 554 505 624 666 647 512 565 560 441 631 643 630 617 543 488 533 621 570 687 648 540 482 546 (6.9) (4.7) (6.0) (6.2) (5.7) (5.9) (2.7) (4.3) (3.5) (5.0) (4.5) (3.8) (3.5) (6.5) (12.4) (4.7) (3.9) (3.9) (3.2) (7.0) (4.0) (4.1) (4.5) (2.7) (4.6) (5.5) (3.1) 566 530 548 640 587 545 661 697 678 542 600 593 475 667 676 664 644 581 532 562 660 606 732 681 575 517 583 (7.8) (4.8) (4.2) (7.5) (6.7) (5.4) (3.8) (2.5) (4.4) (6.0) (6.1) (4.8) (5.5) (3.6) (11.6) (3.8) (3.6) (4.9) (3.0) (5.4) (3.7) (5.2) (4.0) (3.3) (4.4) (6.1) (4.6) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 49 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.9 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Living systems” scale Tableau 2.9 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes vivants » All students Mean score Gender differences Standard deviation Males Difference (M - F) Females Partners OECD Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Score dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 522 522 502 530 525 505 574 490 524 475 509 481 506 488 526 498 499 402 509 528 496 509 475 500 498 512 512 425 525 487 490 502 (2.1) (3.4) (2.2) (2.1) (2.8) (2.9) (1.8) (3.0) (3.0) (2.7) (2.4) (1.6) (3.0) (1.7) (2.7) (2.8) (1.4) (2.2) (2.4) (2.7) (2.8) (2.1) (2.4) (2.3) (2.2) (2.2) (2.8) (3.6) (2.2) (4.1) (1.2) (0.5) 108 102 104 106 94 104 93 107 99 97 98 94 104 99 93 90 106 85 92 119 106 98 86 96 102 98 103 95 116 117 110 100 (1.1) (2.1) (1.5) (1.0) (1.4) (1.3) (1.4) (1.6) (1.5) (1.5) (1.5) (1.4) (1.3) (1.0) (1.4) (1.7) (1.2) (1.0) (1.3) (1.4) (1.8) (1.4) (1.5) (1.8) (0.9) (1.3) (1.3) (2.2) (1.5) (1.6) (0.6) (0.3) 522 524 503 534 528 510 569 494 526 469 515 479 505 489 529 501 504 409 512 529 495 510 480 505 502 513 514 422 530 491 493 504 (2.9) (4.2) (3.0) (2.6) (3.5) (3.5) (2.4) (3.8) (4.0) (3.8) (3.2) (2.5) (4.0) (2.5) (3.9) (4.1) (2.3) (2.8) (3.0) (3.7) (3.6) (2.5) (3.1) (3.6) (2.6) (2.9) (3.2) (4.4) (2.8) (5.0) (1.3) (0.6) 521 521 501 527 521 499 579 486 522 481 503 484 506 486 523 495 493 396 507 527 498 508 470 494 493 511 510 429 521 482 487 500 (2.6) (4.3) (2.9) (2.3) (3.9) (3.2) (2.5) (3.7) (3.1) (2.8) (3.3) (2.3) (3.4) (2.3) (4.1) (3.2) (2.2) (2.2) (2.8) (4.0) (3.2) (2.7) (2.9) (3.0) (2.5) (2.8) (3.1) (4.0) (3.0) (4.1) (1.3) (0.6) 1 3 2 8 7 11 -10 7 4 -12 12 -5 -2 3 6 6 11 13 5 2 -3 2 9 11 8 2 4 -7 9 9 6 4 (3.6) (5.1) (3.9) (2.5) (4.9) (3.6) (3.2) (4.4) (4.0) (4.0) (4.3) (3.5) (4.6) (3.3) (5.9) (4.7) (3.4) (2.5) (3.3) (5.6) (3.8) (2.9) (3.5) (4.8) (2.7) (3.6) (3.0) (4.3) (3.9) (3.8) (1.2) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 391 398 403 445 434 384 498 540 558 391 458 450 330 481 524 503 525 430 361 426 490 449 517 549 432 392 433 (5.2) (2.6) (2.5) (5.3) (3.7) (2.8) (2.1) (2.4) (2.3) (2.8) (3.0) (2.9) (2.3) (2.8) (4.4) (2.5) (1.3) (1.5) (0.9) (3.5) (3.2) (2.6) (1.6) (3.3) (1.8) (2.6) (2.3) 108 70 97 111 101 91 90 97 95 72 113 105 91 90 100 105 81 83 77 90 95 90 104 102 79 89 104 (1.8) (1.3) (1.6) (2.5) (1.5) (1.5) (1.2) (1.4) (1.4) (1.3) (1.5) (1.7) (1.4) (1.3) (5.3) (1.2) (1.7) (1.2) (0.8) (2.2) (1.0) (1.3) (1.4) (1.4) (1.3) (1.7) (1.7) 386 392 409 436 447 391 495 534 564 394 460 435 330 480 521 500 528 427 343 429 495 444 515 556 425 392 434 (5.2) (3.1) (3.2) (6.0) (4.8) (3.7) (3.0) (3.0) (3.2) (3.6) (4.5) (4.6) (3.1) (3.4) (9.1) (3.1) (2.0) (1.9) (1.3) (4.0) (3.9) (3.0) (2.4) (3.7) (2.8) (3.0) (3.6) 395 403 398 455 420 377 500 546 552 388 457 465 330 483 526 506 522 433 380 423 485 455 519 542 437 392 432 (6.2) (2.8) (2.8) (5.9) (3.8) (3.6) (2.7) (2.9) (3.4) (3.0) (3.6) (3.3) (2.5) (3.0) (6.2) (3.2) (1.9) (2.3) (1.7) (4.0) (3.2) (3.3) (2.8) (4.7) (2.1) (3.3) (2.7) -9 -11 11 -19 27 13 -5 -12 12 5 2 -31 0 -3 -5 -6 7 -6 -37 6 9 -11 -4 15 -13 0 2 (5.4) (2.6) (3.5) (5.6) (4.6) (4.5) (3.9) (3.3) (4.8) (3.4) (5.5) (5.4) (3.3) (3.3) (12.5) (3.7) (3.1) (2.9) (2.4) (3.6) (3.0) (3.5) (4.1) (5.3) (3.3) (3.6) (4.3) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 50 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.9 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Living systems” scale Tableau 2.9 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes vivants » Percentiles 5th 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Partners OECD Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 341 352 324 349 372 333 418 311 355 313 350 324 333 326 369 350 321 262 357 334 316 351 334 341 330 350 338 272 330 300 311 335 (2.2) (6.0) (8.6) (5.5) (3.8) (5.2) (5.1) (7.0) (7.8) (5.3) (6.2) (6.1) (5.8) (3.4) (7.4) (8.1) (4.8) (3.7) (5.0) (3.7) (7.1) (6.0) (4.9) (3.2) (3.8) (5.9) (5.7) (3.1) (5.1) (5.3) (2.3) (1.0) 383 389 362 391 403 372 455 354 390 351 381 361 369 358 405 384 358 295 385 372 361 382 365 374 364 382 376 307 380 332 346 371 (2.8) (4.4) (4.3) (4.4) (3.5) (5.0) (2.9) (3.8) (4.2) (4.8) (2.4) (3.2) (3.7) (2.6) (4.4) (4.6) (2.9) (2.8) (3.6) (3.8) (7.3) (3.5) (4.2) (3.5) (2.8) (4.0) (3.4) (3.7) (3.4) (5.1) (2.5) (0.7) 449 451 434 460 457 434 511 418 457 410 442 419 434 419 465 436 426 345 446 446 426 443 415 435 428 446 442 359 449 403 413 433 (2.7) (4.1) (3.7) (3.0) (3.7) (3.8) (2.6) (5.4) (3.9) (4.9) (3.7) (3.1) (3.3) (2.8) (4.8) (2.6) (3.0) (3.2) (4.2) (5.2) (4.0) (2.4) (3.1) (3.5) (2.8) (3.5) (3.0) (2.7) (2.9) (5.2) (1.8) (0.7) 601 594 576 603 592 577 637 565 593 541 577 546 576 556 590 562 573 460 576 611 571 577 535 565 568 579 583 488 608 570 568 572 (2.2) (3.8) (2.5) (2.7) (3.5) (3.5) (2.2) (4.2) (3.2) (3.9) (4.7) (2.9) (2.8) (2.5) (3.5) (3.2) (3.0) (2.7) (2.6) (4.0) (3.6) (3.1) (2.6) (3.8) (3.0) (3.3) (3.3) (6.0) (3.1) (4.3) (1.5) (0.6) 656 652 631 664 648 638 688 626 649 595 636 601 641 615 639 611 635 511 627 679 628 639 587 626 629 638 642 549 670 639 632 630 (3.2) (5.2) (2.7) (2.2) (4.3) (3.7) (3.2) (3.5) (3.5) (3.0) (2.7) (2.4) (3.3) (2.8) (2.3) (3.3) (2.3) (2.7) (3.6) (3.6) (3.7) (3.0) (3.1) (3.2) (3.8) (3.2) (3.1) (7.5) (3.3) (5.2) (1.5) (0.7) 692 686 664 698 680 669 724 659 682 629 667 631 673 652 671 641 670 542 659 720 663 670 615 657 665 670 681 590 708 680 669 664 (3.9) (6.3) (2.6) (2.7) (4.3) (4.3) (3.5) (4.5) (2.0) (3.8) (3.2) (3.1) (4.3) (2.9) (4.0) (3.8) (5.2) (3.3) (3.2) (5.2) (4.2) (3.0) (3.3) (5.6) (3.0) (3.3) (5.7) (6.5) (3.0) (4.5) (1.6) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 207 283 245 269 272 229 354 376 398 274 276 277 177 331 359 331 389 294 240 283 336 304 348 375 302 247 263 (8.4) (3.7) (4.9) (7.6) (4.9) (5.0) (2.7) (5.9) (6.9) (2.8) (6.2) (6.1) (3.8) (6.0) (12.3) (4.0) (4.5) (3.8) (3.1) (4.8) (4.0) (3.0) (3.7) (5.4) (4.1) (4.2) (7.1) 250 308 279 303 309 265 383 415 432 299 317 316 214 361 397 365 416 323 266 316 366 332 381 412 329 277 300 (6.0) (3.9) (3.6) (6.2) (4.2) (5.4) (3.6) (4.4) (4.2) (2.6) (3.3) (4.0) (5.1) (4.1) (15.5) (3.9) (3.2) (2.7) (1.7) (5.0) (4.1) (3.6) (2.9) (4.2) (3.0) (3.0) (4.3) 317 351 338 369 366 325 436 474 496 343 382 381 273 420 453 431 472 374 309 364 426 388 445 479 379 330 363 (6.4) (2.6) (3.0) (5.5) (4.1) (3.8) (3.0) (3.2) (4.2) (3.0) (5.7) (2.8) (3.9) (4.5) (8.7) (3.7) (2.2) (2.1) (2.0) (3.6) (3.9) (4.0) (2.9) (4.2) (2.4) (1.9) (4.1) 466 442 465 521 502 444 558 608 625 439 538 522 388 543 595 573 581 483 410 485 554 510 592 621 484 449 502 (5.0) (3.3) (3.8) (6.2) (5.8) (4.4) (2.6) (3.8) (2.1) (3.1) (5.2) (2.9) (2.8) (3.6) (10.8) (3.7) (2.3) (2.3) (1.6) (4.0) (3.8) (2.9) (2.7) (3.5) (2.7) (3.9) (3.5) 528 487 529 591 569 498 616 664 676 487 604 585 441 598 646 638 631 539 463 547 613 570 653 676 533 508 563 (6.2) (4.5) (5.2) (8.6) (5.0) (3.5) (2.8) (5.5) (2.9) (5.3) (4.4) (3.9) (4.2) (4.2) (9.7) (3.9) (3.4) (4.3) (2.8) (5.8) (4.1) (3.9) (2.7) (3.0) (4.2) (6.5) (3.4) 566 515 568 631 606 531 650 696 706 513 645 622 478 628 682 673 656 570 496 578 645 597 685 710 562 540 604 (5.7) (4.9) (6.9) (6.7) (6.3) (5.1) (4.3) (3.8) (4.5) (5.7) (3.6) (6.5) (3.3) (5.1) (19.4) (5.6) (3.3) (4.7) (2.8) (8.1) (2.4) (3.4) (5.6) (4.1) (3.8) (7.4) (3.9) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 51 2 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 2.10 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Physical systems” scale Tableau 2.10 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes physiques » All students Mean score Gender differences Standard deviation Males Difference (M - F) Females Partners OECD Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Score dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 515 518 507 529 534 502 560 482 516 474 533 493 504 472 530 530 474 414 531 516 491 497 462 504 477 517 506 416 508 485 489 500 (1.9) (3.7) (2.1) (1.9) (3.3) (2.8) (1.7) (2.7) (3.1) (2.8) (2.5) (1.6) (2.6) (1.7) (3.2) (3.0) (1.1) (2.1) (2.5) (2.4) (2.7) (2.1) (2.4) (2.5) (1.8) (2.2) (2.6) (3.1) (2.0) (3.8) (1.1) (0.5) 101 105 103 99 108 101 93 97 105 101 97 96 96 99 107 99 92 84 96 110 102 95 87 103 90 102 99 85 109 109 107 99 (1.0) (2.1) (1.3) (1.0) (1.6) (1.4) (1.0) (1.4) (1.4) (1.7) (1.4) (1.2) (1.2) (1.0) (1.5) (1.8) (1.4) (1.0) (1.4) (1.2) (1.7) (1.1) (1.6) (1.6) (0.7) (1.5) (1.1) (1.9) (1.3) (1.3) (0.5) (0.3) 528 540 519 543 551 517 576 494 526 482 550 501 516 485 541 537 493 423 547 529 500 512 476 520 488 526 522 417 526 495 500 513 (2.6) (4.0) (2.9) (2.4) (3.9) (3.3) (2.4) (3.4) (4.1) (3.8) (3.2) (2.5) (3.7) (2.5) (4.4) (4.5) (2.1) (2.8) (3.3) (3.4) (3.5) (2.4) (3.0) (3.8) (2.2) (2.6) (3.2) (3.8) (2.7) (4.8) (1.3) (0.6) 502 495 494 514 512 488 544 472 506 467 514 486 493 460 519 522 455 406 515 503 482 482 449 486 465 507 490 415 492 475 478 487 (2.3) (4.1) (2.8) (2.0) (4.3) (3.3) (2.2) (3.5) (3.2) (3.2) (3.2) (2.5) (3.0) (2.4) (4.5) (3.6) (1.9) (2.1) (2.9) (3.5) (3.0) (2.6) (2.8) (2.8) (2.1) (2.9) (3.1) (3.5) (2.5) (3.8) (1.2) (0.6) 26 45 25 29 39 29 32 22 20 15 36 15 23 25 22 15 38 18 32 26 18 30 27 35 23 19 32 2 34 20 22 26 (3.2) (4.6) (3.8) (2.4) (5.4) (3.5) (3.0) (4.2) (4.1) (4.1) (4.1) (3.8) (4.0) (3.5) (6.4) (5.4) (3.3) (2.6) (3.6) (5.0) (3.6) (2.8) (3.2) (4.6) (2.3) (3.3) (3.2) (3.9) (3.4) (4.1) (1.3) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 383 433 385 436 433 378 493 535 546 386 443 433 349 495 515 490 518 407 358 429 479 435 531 545 407 393 421 (4.7) (2.1) (2.6) (4.6) (3.6) (2.7) (2.2) (2.0) (2.4) (3.0) (3.1) (2.6) (2.2) (2.4) (4.1) (2.2) (1.6) (1.5) (1.0) (3.2) (2.9) (2.7) (1.5) (3.1) (1.8) (2.2) (2.4) 102 64 99 98 99 93 89 87 98 74 110 95 87 83 97 89 93 78 100 76 93 90 104 100 80 79 97 (1.8) (1.2) (1.6) (2.2) (1.4) (1.5) (1.3) (1.2) (1.4) (1.2) (1.4) (1.6) (1.4) (1.2) (4.2) (1.2) (1.4) (1.2) (1.1) (1.9) (1.3) (1.1) (1.4) (1.4) (1.2) (1.4) (1.3) 385 429 398 437 452 389 508 547 563 393 453 427 352 507 527 499 527 414 345 435 495 442 546 558 411 399 428 (4.8) (2.5) (3.3) (5.2) (4.6) (3.5) (3.0) (2.7) (3.4) (4.2) (4.5) (4.1) (3.0) (3.1) (8.3) (2.6) (2.0) (1.9) (2.0) (3.6) (3.6) (3.4) (2.3) (3.6) (2.9) (2.5) (3.5) 382 436 374 435 411 369 478 522 529 378 433 439 347 483 505 481 508 400 370 422 465 428 516 532 405 387 415 (5.7) (2.4) (2.7) (5.3) (3.6) (3.7) (2.7) (2.4) (3.4) (3.1) (3.9) (2.9) (2.4) (2.8) (6.1) (2.6) (2.6) (2.1) (2.0) (3.5) (3.1) (3.3) (2.3) (4.5) (2.1) (2.7) (2.9) 2 -7 24 2 40 20 30 25 34 15 20 -13 5 24 22 18 19 14 -25 13 30 14 31 25 6 12 14 (4.9) (2.5) (3.0) (5.1) (4.3) (4.6) (3.9) (3.1) (4.8) (4.1) (5.7) (4.9) (3.0) (3.1) (11.8) (2.8) (3.5) (2.7) (3.5) (2.9) (3.2) (3.6) (3.5) (5.1) (3.4) (2.9) (4.2) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 52 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 2 [Part 2/2 ] Table 2.10 Mean score, variation and gender differences in student performance on the “Physical systems” scale Tableau 2.10 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle « systèmes physiques » Percentiles 5th 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Partners OECD Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 350 342 337 361 359 333 406 317 339 306 376 331 347 311 344 361 325 276 373 332 322 346 320 337 329 351 344 283 332 312 315 337 (4.1) (6.6) (4.5) (4.5) (7.0) (5.3) (3.6) (6.3) (4.6) (6.7) (6.0) (5.5) (3.9) (2.6) (6.0) (7.6) (3.9) (3.5) (6.1) (4.8) (5.3) (3.9) (5.7) (4.9) (3.2) (3.7) (4.2) (3.1) (5.1) (4.4) (1.6) (0.9) 387 380 372 399 393 372 439 356 376 343 407 369 380 343 390 401 353 307 403 374 361 373 351 370 358 383 380 310 370 344 350 371 (3.2) (6.9) (4.1) (3.5) (4.8) (4.9) (3.6) (4.7) (4.8) (3.3) (2.8) (3.0) (4.9) (2.9) (5.4) (5.1) (2.8) (2.9) (4.4) (4.3) (4.5) (3.3) (3.6) (4.1) (2.8) (2.9) (3.3) (3.5) (4.0) (5.3) (1.5) (0.7) 447 446 437 465 459 434 497 418 443 406 465 428 439 403 460 464 409 358 463 440 423 430 402 431 413 446 439 358 435 403 412 432 (2.4) (4.5) (3.4) (2.6) (4.5) (4.1) (3.3) (4.1) (4.0) (3.5) (3.0) (3.3) (4.3) (2.8) (4.9) (4.5) (2.8) (2.8) (4.2) (3.7) (4.6) (3.0) (3.4) (3.1) (2.7) (2.7) (3.1) (2.9) (2.2) (5.2) (2.0) (0.7) 586 590 579 597 608 573 624 548 588 545 601 558 570 541 603 598 538 472 599 593 562 563 521 573 539 587 574 473 585 561 563 568 (1.9) (4.1) (2.2) (2.5) (4.3) (3.7) (2.2) (2.9) (3.5) (4.9) (4.0) (1.8) (3.1) (2.3) (2.8) (3.2) (2.0) (3.1) (2.4) (2.6) (3.1) (3.0) (3.4) (4.2) (2.4) (2.9) (3.3) (5.0) (2.5) (4.2) (1.8) (0.6) 641 651 639 652 675 631 680 605 650 605 663 617 630 602 664 655 594 524 653 657 621 620 573 639 595 647 632 528 647 630 629 627 (3.0) (5.3) (2.7) (2.3) (4.7) (3.5) (2.4) (4.1) (4.4) (3.7) (3.9) (3.1) (3.5) (2.8) (3.7) (3.6) (3.2) (3.1) (2.9) (3.9) (3.5) (4.1) (4.2) (5.4) (2.8) (5.7) (5.0) (4.8) (2.6) (3.6) (1.4) (0.7) 676 690 674 687 711 667 709 635 690 638 692 647 664 636 697 689 628 553 687 692 654 654 605 674 627 685 667 560 683 664 665 661 (3.8) (4.7) (3.3) (3.1) (4.4) (5.3) (3.5) (4.3) (6.6) (3.4) (5.0) (3.4) (4.4) (2.6) (2.9) (4.2) (3.5) (3.3) (3.4) (3.4) (3.7) (3.6) (3.4) (4.4) (2.9) (4.7) (4.3) (6.5) (2.8) (4.1) (1.6) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 213 329 225 279 281 221 351 390 377 266 262 275 204 359 360 343 366 281 204 307 329 289 359 375 280 264 259 (8.6) (3.7) (2.6) (4.9) (4.8) (4.3) (4.2) (5.3) (4.9) (4.6) (5.9) (4.3) (5.2) (4.2) (13.0) (4.4) (4.6) (3.8) (3.8) (4.2) (3.7) (4.5) (3.2) (4.7) (2.7) (3.8) (4.4) 251 352 257 315 310 255 381 422 414 291 303 312 238 387 390 373 394 306 236 332 359 318 396 410 303 290 298 (7.0) (3.1) (3.6) (5.8) (3.6) (5.5) (2.8) (4.1) (3.8) (2.5) (4.6) (4.2) (3.3) (3.0) (11.0) (2.4) (2.9) (3.3) (3.5) (3.8) (3.9) (3.0) (3.2) (4.2) (3.7) (3.2) (6.0) 317 389 319 368 366 316 430 476 481 334 366 369 293 436 447 428 453 354 291 376 415 372 455 479 353 339 357 (5.8) (2.9) (2.6) (4.9) (4.0) (4.3) (3.4) (2.8) (3.7) (3.6) (3.3) (3.5) (3.6) (4.0) (7.3) (3.0) (3.2) (2.9) (2.5) (3.3) (4.5) (4.7) (2.3) (4.8) (2.5) (2.4) (3.2) 450 474 448 501 500 440 552 596 614 436 517 499 407 551 584 551 582 459 418 479 541 496 605 616 460 445 489 (5.9) (3.2) (3.1) (5.1) (4.5) (3.6) (2.8) (3.8) (3.3) (4.1) (3.9) (4.1) (2.9) (3.2) (8.0) (3.5) (2.9) (2.6) (2.1) (4.2) (3.0) (3.1) (2.8) (2.5) (2.6) (3.4) (4.6) 513 517 512 562 563 495 609 648 670 485 587 555 459 603 640 608 637 510 489 529 602 555 666 671 513 499 547 (5.1) (4.3) (4.7) (5.9) (4.6) (4.2) (3.0) (3.6) (2.9) (5.3) (4.2) (4.3) (3.6) (4.8) (11.4) (3.5) (4.1) (3.3) (3.4) (5.4) (2.7) (4.1) (5.3) (3.2) (3.7) (4.6) (4.9) 548 542 555 601 600 528 641 677 700 512 620 588 488 633 675 637 669 542 531 561 634 587 704 702 545 526 581 (7.1) (3.6) (6.8) (7.0) (4.3) (4.9) (3.0) (2.6) (3.6) (6.0) (4.9) (5.5) (3.5) (4.0) (15.7) (3.4) (3.6) (5.3) (3.5) (7.7) (4.3) (4.7) (4.8) (3.2) (3.1) (5.5) (4.1) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142056138443 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152610887346 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 53 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.1 Mean score, variation and gender differences on the interest in learning science topics scale Tableau 3.1 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle intérêt pour l’acquisition de nouveaux savoirs et savoir-faire en sciences All students Mean score Gender differences Standard deviation Males Difference (M - F) Females Partners OECD Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Score dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 465 507 503 469 489 463 448 520 513 549 522 466 481 529 512 486 515 611 452 461 472 501 571 522 534 454 504 540 464 480 507 500 (1.3) (1.9) (1.4) (1.5) (2.0) (1.8) (2.1) (2.4) (1.8) (1.7) (1.9) (2.1) (1.9) (1.3) (2.1) (2.1) (1.4) (1.7) (2.0) (2.0) (2.2) (1.8) (1.8) (1.9) (1.6) (2.3) (1.5) (2.6) (1.7) (2.8) (0.9) (0.3) 97 87 92 104 91 92 92 96 88 91 82 108 89 78 104 94 93 87 88 100 103 83 79 84 89 91 88 103 96 104 105 92 (0.9) (1.1) (1.1) (1.3) (1.5) (1.2) (1.2) (1.4) (1.2) (1.3) (1.5) (1.9) (1.4) (0.8) (1.5) (1.7) (1.3) (1.0) (1.4) (1.6) (1.4) (1.2) (1.1) (1.4) (0.8) (1.7) (1.0) (1.5) (1.2) (1.5) (0.5) (0.2) 467 508 506 471 482 455 445 522 514 546 518 464 484 533 518 491 515 607 458 464 470 502 570 526 535 447 506 545 465 489 510 501 (1.8) (2.6) (1.9) (1.9) (2.5) (2.6) (2.6) (3.1) (2.5) (2.2) (2.5) (3.1) (2.3) (2.0) (3.0) (2.8) (2.0) (2.3) (2.4) (2.8) (2.9) (2.2) (2.4) (2.5) (2.2) (3.4) (2.0) (3.2) (2.2) (3.1) (1.0) (0.5) 463 505 499 467 499 471 451 518 512 552 526 468 478 525 505 480 514 614 445 459 475 499 571 517 533 462 501 534 462 470 503 499 (1.9) (2.7) (2.0) (1.8) (2.4) (2.3) (2.4) (2.5) (2.1) (2.4) (2.3) (2.5) (2.7) (1.5) (2.5) (2.7) (2.1) (2.0) (2.4) (2.7) (2.9) (2.2) (2.0) (2.6) (1.9) (2.2) (2.0) (3.1) (2.5) (3.2) (1.1) (0.4) 4 4 6 4 -17 -17 -7 4 2 -6 -9 -3 6 8 13 11 0 -7 13 5 -5 3 -1 10 2 -15 5 11 3 19 7 2 (2.6) (3.6) (2.6) (2.3) (2.9) (3.3) (2.8) (3.0) (2.9) (3.1) (3.1) (3.8) (3.4) (2.3) (3.6) (3.6) (3.0) (2.4) (2.7) (3.9) (3.8) (2.5) (2.6) (3.2) (2.7) (3.6) (2.7) (3.5) (3.2) (2.9) (1.1) (0.6) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 567 612 592 523 591 644 535 502 536 608 509 609 580 504 504 544 524 561 565 591 541 523 505 533 642 590 567 (3.0) (2.3) (2.2) (2.4) (3.3) (3.5) (1.9) (1.5) (2.1) (2.1) (2.6) (1.9) (1.8) (1.9) (5.5) (1.9) (1.8) (1.6) (1.3) (2.3) (2.1) (2.0) (1.4) (2.0) (1.9) (1.9) (2.2) 89 74 92 113 99 103 88 76 104 76 114 83 81 71 86 85 94 97 106 83 76 90 96 105 81 85 92 (1.3) (1.2) (1.1) (1.9) (1.4) (1.7) (1.1) (1.2) (1.7) (1.0) (2.1) (1.3) (1.1) (1.2) (5.2) (1.3) (1.3) (1.4) (1.3) (1.6) (1.1) (1.4) (1.2) (1.5) (1.1) (1.2) (1.4) 562 609 588 516 588 633 534 500 547 600 512 602 571 503 502 537 527 551 568 588 538 523 511 542 630 588 566 (3.8) (2.6) (2.8) (2.8) (3.9) (4.5) (2.6) (2.2) (3.0) (2.4) (3.5) (2.7) (2.3) (2.4) (8.5) (2.5) (2.6) (2.1) (1.9) (3.5) (2.5) (2.9) (1.8) (2.9) (2.6) (2.4) (3.0) 572 615 596 530 595 652 537 504 525 616 506 617 588 504 506 552 520 571 562 594 544 522 499 524 651 593 568 (3.0) (2.9) (2.5) (3.2) (4.1) (3.5) (2.4) (1.9) (2.6) (2.5) (3.4) (2.5) (2.1) (2.3) (6.9) (2.2) (2.0) (2.4) (2.1) (2.3) (2.4) (2.3) (2.2) (2.3) (2.3) (2.4) (2.5) -10 -6 -8 -13 -7 -19 -4 -4 22 -16 6 -15 -17 -1 -5 -14 8 -20 6 -6 -6 1 12 18 -20 -5 -1 (3.3) (3.0) (3.0) (3.6) (4.5) (3.9) (3.2) (2.8) (3.6) (3.0) (4.6) (3.6) (2.5) (2.8) (10.8) (2.9) (3.1) (3.1) (3.2) (3.8) (2.7) (3.3) (3.0) (3.1) (3.2) (3.0) (3.4) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 54 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.1 Mean score, variation and gender differences on the interest in learning science topics scale Tableau 3.1 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle intérêt pour l’acquisition de nouveaux savoirs et savoir-faire en sciences Percentiles 5th 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Partners OECD Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 292 359 349 288 331 300 290 363 365 399 384 267 329 407 332 323 357 472 296 285 287 364 446 382 390 291 354 372 295 300 332 342 (3.6) (4.3) (3.8) (4.0) (5.7) (6.3) (4.6) (5.5) (5.4) (4.6) (4.6) (7.9) (4.8) (2.3) (5.6) (6.2) (4.3) (3.1) (4.4) (5.5) (6.8) (4.5) (3.1) (4.3) (2.7) (7.8) (4.0) (5.6) (4.7) (6.1) (2.4) (0.9) 343 398 390 340 376 343 330 405 404 436 420 328 370 437 386 373 398 503 341 334 345 400 474 417 426 339 393 413 341 351 380 385 (2.6) (3.5) (2.5) (3.1) (4.6) (4.9) (4.0) (3.6) (3.4) (2.9) (3.6) (5.6) (3.7) (1.8) (4.7) (3.9) (3.3) (2.1) (3.4) (3.8) (5.4) (2.9) (2.7) (3.3) (2.3) (5.5) (3.0) (3.7) (3.7) (4.7) (1.5) (0.7) 411 453 446 411 435 410 392 462 460 492 472 407 428 480 455 434 458 554 401 404 416 450 520 468 478 405 450 473 408 418 444 445 (1.7) (2.5) (2.0) (1.9) (2.6) (2.9) (2.8) (2.9) (2.3) (2.2) (2.4) (2.9) (2.4) (1.5) (2.5) (2.3) (1.9) (2.0) (2.0) (2.5) (2.7) (2.2) (1.9) (2.1) (1.7) (3.4) (2.5) (3.3) (2.4) (3.1) (1.0) (0.4) 527 563 562 534 548 523 509 581 570 606 576 535 539 577 575 540 575 667 507 524 537 553 619 575 591 510 561 606 525 545 573 559 (1.3) (2.2) (2.0) (1.6) (1.9) (2.2) (2.4) (2.8) (2.2) (2.3) (2.4) (2.7) (2.4) (1.7) (2.1) (2.3) (1.8) (2.4) (2.3) (2.3) (2.5) (2.3) (2.3) (2.3) (2.0) (2.6) (1.9) (3.4) (2.1) (3.7) (1.2) (0.4) 579 613 615 590 599 573 559 635 619 660 621 590 589 625 632 593 627 721 557 579 592 601 669 625 644 559 611 669 579 606 635 611 (2.2) (3.0) (2.3) (2.5) (3.1) (2.5) (2.7) (3.4) (2.6) (3.1) (3.5) (2.8) (2.9) (2.2) (3.2) (3.3) (2.8) (3.0) (3.5) (3.3) (2.6) (2.9) (2.8) (3.1) (2.9) (3.2) (2.7) (4.5) (2.8) (5.5) (1.3) (0.6) 614 644 648 629 628 602 590 671 650 697 649 627 621 658 670 631 661 757 590 615 627 635 704 659 680 593 643 710 613 644 675 645 (2.7) (3.7) (2.7) (3.3) (3.7) (3.0) (3.1) (4.1) (3.9) (4.7) (3.9) (4.7) (4.2) (2.8) (5.0) (5.4) (3.5) (3.9) (5.1) (4.2) (3.8) (4.2) (4.2) (4.0) (3.5) (4.0) (2.7) (6.6) (3.7) (6.5) (1.4) (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 423 497 446 339 432 478 390 379 365 492 318 480 453 388 371 409 370 402 400 460 422 376 346 357 516 461 416 (5.8) (3.2) (4.6) (4.9) (5.7) (4.7) (3.9) (4.4) (6.2) (2.9) (7.3) (3.9) (3.1) (4.0) (14.4) (4.7) (5.6) (5.2) (4.8) (4.8) (3.4) (4.9) (4.5) (6.0) (3.2) (4.8) (4.5) 457 522 478 386 469 516 427 411 412 515 370 508 481 416 398 440 410 442 444 491 450 413 385 407 543 488 453 (3.4) (2.5) (3.2) (4.0) (3.5) (4.6) (3.7) (3.2) (4.0) (2.8) (5.5) (3.0) (2.4) (2.6) (12.4) (3.2) (3.0) (3.4) (2.8) (4.7) (2.7) (2.7) (2.8) (3.7) (2.7) (2.9) (3.5) 510 562 530 452 526 573 481 457 476 556 442 556 526 459 450 491 468 501 502 539 492 466 448 472 587 533 509 (3.3) (2.4) (2.8) (3.1) (3.6) (3.7) (2.4) (2.3) (2.7) (2.7) (2.8) (2.2) (2.0) (2.4) (10.0) (2.4) (2.1) (2.7) (1.9) (4.1) (2.5) (2.3) (1.9) (2.6) (2.0) (2.2) (3.1) 626 656 651 592 654 710 591 550 599 657 578 662 631 548 557 599 582 622 627 641 588 580 565 598 693 643 625 (3.6) (3.3) (2.6) (3.6) (4.0) (4.9) (2.5) (2.2) (2.5) (2.8) (3.4) (2.4) (2.3) (2.3) (9.9) (2.8) (2.3) (2.0) (2.3) (2.7) (2.3) (2.5) (2.1) (2.6) (3.0) (2.5) (2.6) 680 707 710 659 716 780 644 596 660 707 650 714 685 591 609 651 637 679 698 696 636 633 621 659 747 699 681 (4.1) (4.7) (2.8) (4.7) (5.7) (7.7) (3.0) (2.9) (3.3) (3.2) (6.3) (2.7) (3.4) (3.1) (11.8) (2.8) (3.4) (3.1) (2.9) (3.2) (2.9) (3.2) (3.2) (3.4) (2.9) (4.4) (3.4) 712 739 748 703 756 823 677 624 703 739 699 747 720 619 637 685 674 720 748 733 667 669 658 700 784 738 717 (5.5) (5.0) (3.5) (5.9) (5.5) (6.9) (3.5) (3.0) (5.7) (3.8) (6.6) (3.5) (4.2) (4.3) (20.4) (4.5) (5.7) (4.1) (4.5) (5.2) (3.6) (4.4) (5.3) (4.5) (3.7) (4.6) (4.8) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 55 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.2 Mean score, variation and gender differences on the support for scientific enquiry scale Tableau 3.2 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle valeur accordée à la démarche scientifique All students Mean score Gender differences Standard deviation Males Difference (M - F) Females Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Australia Austria 487 515 (1.6) (2.4) 98 112 (0.9) (2.0) 488 515 (2.4) (3.3) 486 515 (1.8) (3.0) Belgium 492 (1.7) 88 (1.2) 492 (2.3) 492 Canada 501 (1.9) 105 (1.1) 497 (2.5) 504 Czech Republic 485 (2.4) 80 (1.6) 484 (2.8) Denmark 483 (2.6) 85 (1.5) 484 Finland 479 (2.0) 86 (1.4) France 507 (2.5) 94 Germany 518 (2.7) Greece 533 Hungary Score dif. S.E. (2.0) 0 (2.7) (2.0) -7 (2.5) 485 (3.0) -1 (3.4) (3.2) 482 (2.9) 2 (3.2) 471 (2.7) 487 (2.3) -16 (2.9) (1.6) 513 (3.6) 501 (2.7) 12 (3.8) 113 (1.5) 517 (3.5) 519 (3.0) -2 (3.5) (2.4) 95 (1.4) 525 (2.9) 540 (3.1) -15 (3.8) 512 (2.0) 87 (1.7) 506 (3.2) 517 (2.2) -11 (3.7) 491 (2.2) 112 (1.9) 484 (3.0) 498 (2.8) -14 (3.7) Ireland 484 (1.9) 86 (1.1) 488 (2.3) 481 (2.6) 7 (3.0) Italy 511 (1.6) 90 (1.1) 508 (2.1) 513 (2.1) -5 (2.6) Japan 468 (2.3) 111 (1.8) 475 (3.5) 460 (3.1) 16 (4.7) Korea 495 (2.4) 99 (1.9) 501 (3.3) 490 (3.3) 11 (4.2) Luxembourg 522 (1.9) 117 (1.5) 523 (2.9) 520 (2.6) 3 (3.9) Mexico 536 (2.0) 90 (1.2) 538 (2.5) 534 (2.0) 5 (2.2) Netherlands 447 (1.7) 69 (1.0) 450 (1.9) 444 (2.2) 6 (2.3) New Zealand 470 (1.8) 89 (1.3) 471 (2.6) 469 (2.6) 2 (3.7) Norway 485 (2.5) 111 (1.6) 482 (3.3) 489 (3.3) -7 (4.3) Poland 513 (2.2) 89 (1.3) 510 (2.5) 516 (2.6) -6 (2.7) Portugal 538 (2.0) 88 (1.3) 541 (2.5) 535 (2.6) 7 (3.2) Slovak Republic 497 (2.0) 76 (1.1) 502 (2.7) 492 (2.5) 10 (3.5) Spain 529 (1.7) 91 (1.0) 532 (2.5) 526 (1.9) 6 (2.8) Sweden 471 (3.0) 100 (1.8) 469 (3.9) 473 (2.9) -4 (3.6) Switzerland 510 (2.0) 103 (1.1) 511 (2.5) 510 (2.5) 1 (3.0) Turkey 563 (3.3) (2.0) 549 (3.8) Click 126 Here To View The Agreement.579 (3.7) -30 (3.9) United Kingdom 470 (1.8) 89 (1.0) 476 (2.2) 464 (2.5) 12 (3.0) United States 490 (2.5) 99 (1.4) 491 (3.1) 490 (2.8) 2 (3.2) OECD total 501 (0.8) 103 (0.5) 503 (1.0) 500 (0.9) 2 (1.1) OECD average 500 (0.4) 96 (0.3) 500 (0.5) 500 (0.5) -1 (0.6) Argentina Azerbaijan 506 542 (2.9) (2.8) 89 98 (1.8) (1.4) 503 538 (4.0) (3.3) 509 545 (3.1) (3.4) -6 -7 (4.0) (3.6) Brazil 519 (1.8) 92 (1.4) 520 (2.8) 518 (2.1) 2 (3.3) Bulgaria 527 (3.9) 112 (2.2) 515 (4.8) 539 (4.1) -24 (4.8) Chile 564 (3.0) 108 (1.6) 567 (3.2) 561 (4.2) 6 (4.4) Colombia 546 (2.6) 92 (1.6) 549 (3.7) 543 (3.0) 6 (4.1) Croatia 514 (1.8) 83 (1.2) 519 (2.6) 510 (2.3) 9 (3.2) Estonia 497 (1.8) 80 (1.4) 495 (2.3) 499 (2.5) -4 (3.1) Hong Kong-China 529 (2.3) 100 (1.4) 540 (3.2) 519 (2.7) 21 (3.6) Indonesia 521 (2.8) 90 (1.3) 516 (3.3) 527 (3.3) -11 (3.3) Israel 512 (3.1) 121 (2.1) 509 (4.2) 514 (4.0) -6 (5.3) Jordan 555 (3.0) 110 (1.9) 543 (4.5) 567 (3.9) -23 (6.1) Kyrgyzstan 502 (2.5) 105 (1.3) 489 (3.6) 513 (3.0) -23 (4.3) Latvia 494 (2.1) 76 (1.1) 490 (2.7) 497 (2.5) -8 (3.0) Liechtenstein 524 (5.8) 104 (5.2) 516 (10.3) 531 (7.8) -15 (14.0) Lithuania 541 (2.4) 95 (1.7) 532 (2.8) 549 (2.9) -17 (3.1) Macao-China 521 (1.5) 85 (1.1) 524 (2.2) 518 (2.1) 6 (3.1) Montenegro 529 (1.7) 97 (1.3) 526 (2.5) 532 (2.6) -6 (3.7) Qatar 520 (1.7) 146 (1.5) 505 (2.7) 535 (2.4) -30 (4.0) Romania 540 (3.2) 102 (2.0) 540 (4.5) 540 (3.8) 0 (5.2) Russian Federation 508 (2.6) 83 (1.1) 507 (3.2) 509 (2.7) -3 (2.9) Serbia 520 (2.2) 94 (1.6) 523 (2.8) 517 (2.6) 6 (3.1) Slovenia 502 (1.5) 96 (1.5) 499 (2.1) 504 (2.1) -5 (3.0) Chinese Taipei 546 (2.2) 104 (1.3) 552 (2.7) 538 (2.6) 14 (2.9) Thailand 569 (2.3) 102 (1.5) 559 (3.7) 575 (2.9) -16 (4.7) Tunisia Uruguay OECD (2.8) (4.1) Iceland Partners 2 0 534 510 (2.6) (1.9) 111 84 (1.3) (1.4) 530 516 (3.6) (2.3) 538 505 (3.0) (2.5) -8 11 (4.0) (2.8) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 56 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.2 Mean score, variation and gender differences on the support for scientific enquiry scale Tableau 3.2 Score moyen, différences de score selon le sexe et répartition des scores sur l’échelle valeur accordée à la démarche scientifique Percentiles 5th 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. (2.9) (6.6) 369 375 (2.4) (4.8) 422 441 (2.0) (3.2) 550 590 (2.0) (3.4) 614 656 (2.7) (3.8) 653 695 (3.0) (5.1) Belgium 354 (4.2) 386 (3.1) 434 (1.9) 549 (2.1) 605 (3.0) 639 (2.5) 338 (3.5) 375 (2.5) 433 (2.3) 567 (2.2) 635 (2.6) 678 (4.2) Czech Republic 360 (5.2) 388 (2.7) 433 (2.7) 535 (2.9) 587 (3.5) 618 (3.5) Denmark 348 (4.7) 381 (3.5) 428 (2.6) 536 (3.2) 591 (5.0) 626 (5.5) Finland 347 (5.0) 377 (2.7) 423 (2.2) 534 (2.6) 590 (3.1) 624 (3.8) France 356 (5.4) 392 (3.4) 447 (3.4) 567 (2.9) 625 (4.1) 661 (4.1) Germany 336 (5.4) 379 (3.8) 445 (3.1) 593 (3.5) 661 (4.4) 702 (5.1) Greece 380 (3.4) 415 (4.0) 470 (2.8) 595 (2.9) 654 (3.8) 690 (5.2) Hungary 374 (4.5) 405 (3.0) 457 (2.5) 568 (2.8) 620 (4.0) 650 (4.7) Iceland 311 (7.4) 359 (4.0) 422 (2.8) 562 (2.8) 634 (4.4) 674 (5.5) Ireland 347 (4.0) 378 (2.8) 427 (2.4) 540 (2.3) 595 (3.0) 629 (4.2) Italy 368 (3.2) 402 (2.5) 453 (1.9) 568 (1.9) 623 (2.6) 657 (2.6) Japan 289 (5.5) 336 (4.0) 401 (2.9) 538 (2.8) 605 (3.5) 646 (3.9) Korea 342 (4.1) 376 (3.5) 431 (2.5) 558 (3.0) 622 (4.5) 660 (5.7) Luxembourg 334 (4.6) 377 (4.1) 445 (3.0) 599 (2.5) 670 (4.4) 711 (5.1) Mexico 393 (3.5) 423 (3.3) 474 (2.9) 595 (1.9) 652 (3.1) 687 (2.9) Netherlands 336 (3.9) 362 (2.6) 402 (2.1) 491 (1.9) 534 (2.7) 562 (3.6) New Zealand 331 (4.6) 365 (3.2) 412 (2.0) 526 (2.8) 586 (3.7) 622 (4.4) Norway 305 (6.2) 352 (4.0) 415 (3.5) 556 (3.3) 625 (3.6) 667 (5.8) Poland 375 (3.5) 405 (2.8) 453 (2.5) 569 (3.2) 629 (3.5) 666 (4.4) Portugal 402 (4.0) 431 (3.0) 478 (2.5) 594 (3.0) 652 (4.1) 689 (5.0) Slovak Republic 379 (4.0) 404 (2.6) 446 (2.5) 544 (2.4) 596 (2.6) 629 (4.9) Spain 388 (3.3) 419 (2.1) 470 (2.1) 587 (2.5) 646 (3.0) 681 (3.5) Sweden 312 (6.3) 353 (4.8) 410 (3.0) 536 (3.6) 596 (4.4) 632 (4.9) Switzerland 344 (3.9) 382 (3.7) 443 (2.5) 578 (2.5) 643 (2.9) 680 (3.5) Turkey 363 (6.6) 407 (4.1) 476 (4.2) 648 (4.4) Click Here To View The Agreement. 729 (6.0) 779 (6.0) United Kingdom 332 (3.4) 362 (2.4) 411 (2.0) 526 (2.6) 585 (3.1) 621 (4.0) United States 339 (4.3) 373 (3.5) 425 (2.7) 553 (3.1) 619 (4.7) 660 (4.5) OECD total 343 (1.5) 379 (1.2) 434 (1.0) 566 (1.0) 632 (1.3) 674 (1.4) OECD average Partners S.E. 335 336 Canada OECD Score Australia Austria 349 (0.9) 384 (0.6) 437 (0.5) 562 (0.5) 623 (0.7) 660 (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan 364 390 (7.9) (3.7) 395 421 (5.1) (3.4) 448 475 (3.9) (2.7) 564 604 (3.5) (3.8) 619 670 (4.9) (4.8) 654 712 (5.2) (5.9) Brazil 375 (3.4) 404 (3.1) 456 (2.0) 578 (2.6) 638 (3.3) 676 (3.7) Bulgaria 352 (8.1) 391 (5.3) 451 (4.1) 600 (4.1) 670 (5.4) 716 (7.0) Chile 389 (5.3) 426 (5.2) 491 (3.1) 636 (3.7) 702 (4.4) 742 (5.2) Colombia 401 (5.7) 431 (4.9) 482 (4.2) 606 (3.4) 664 (5.3) 701 (6.0) Croatia 386 (4.4) 413 (2.6) 459 (1.9) 567 (2.5) 621 (2.7) 654 (3.3) Estonia 373 (2.9) 397 (3.3) 443 (2.6) 549 (2.3) 599 (2.8) 631 (3.7) Hong Kong-China 377 (4.2) 408 (3.8) 460 (3.3) 593 (3.2) 660 (4.8) 700 (4.0) Indonesia 382 (4.4) 411 (3.7) 458 (3.2) 580 (3.6) 638 (4.0) 676 (5.4) Israel 322 (5.6) 364 (4.2) 433 (3.7) 588 (3.5) 663 (5.2) 716 (5.9) Jordan 374 (6.9) 417 (4.8) 484 (3.8) 628 (3.4) 692 (3.4) 735 (4.5) Kyrgyzstan 338 (3.1) 370 (2.7) 429 (3.1) 569 (3.3) 640 (4.4) 682 (5.1) Latvia 374 (3.7) 399 (2.4) 442 (3.0) 543 (3.2) 590 (3.3) 621 (4.6) Liechtenstein 360 (12.9) 395 (10.8) 456 (10.4) 592 (7.4) 658 (14.7) 695 (10.9) Lithuania 391 (4.9) 422 (3.9) 476 (2.8) 604 (3.3) 661 (3.9) 698 (4.8) Macao-China 387 (3.2) 415 (2.6) 463 (2.0) 577 (2.1) 632 (2.9) 666 (4.4) Montenegro 378 (4.0) 412 (2.7) 464 (2.2) 591 (2.3) 652 (4.1) 691 (5.4) Qatar 299 (3.4) 341 (2.8) 416 (2.8) 614 (3.5) 711 (3.7) 770 (5.9) Romania 377 (8.2) 413 (5.4) 472 (4.1) 606 (3.7) 669 (4.6) 711 (5.7) Russian Federation 381 (3.8) 407 (2.6) 451 (2.5) 561 (3.0) 616 (4.0) 649 (4.6) Serbia 374 (4.8) 406 (3.2) 457 (3.1) 580 (3.3) 639 (3.9) 678 (4.1) Slovenia 350 (3.4) 388 (2.6) 443 (1.9) 561 (2.2) 621 (2.8) 658 (5.0) Chinese Taipei 385 (3.7) 418 (3.1) 475 (3.0) 613 (2.9) 681 (4.2) 722 (4.7) Thailand 409 (4.1) 441 (3.4) 498 (3.4) 636 (2.9) 702 (3.6) 745 (5.5) Tunisia Uruguay 356 377 (3.4) (3.4) 395 405 (3.5) (3.7) 460 453 (3.5) (2.7) 606 565 (3.7) (2.2) 678 617 (3.9) (3.8) 724 652 (5.4) (4.8) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 57 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.3 Index of self-efficacy in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.3 Indice de perception des capacités personnelles en sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of self-efficacy in science All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 0.12 -0.11 -0.07 0.21 0.14 -0.08 0.02 -0.06 0.06 -0.13 -0.06 0.14 0.01 -0.20 -0.53 -0.21 -0.13 0.09 0.03 -0.02 0.12 0.26 0.21 0.11 -0.07 -0.07 -0.19 0.02 0.19 0.22 0.03 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay -0.05 -0.46 -0.05 -0.05 0.06 0.09 0.14 0.03 0.06 -0.70 0.03 0.21 -0.15 -0.02 -0.12 0.01 -0.11 -0.02 -0.09 -0.35 -0.01 0.05 -0.10 0.18 0.06 -0.11 0.13 Males S.E. Mean index (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.19 -0.10 -0.02 0.30 0.17 0.04 0.08 0.08 0.13 -0.05 -0.01 0.31 0.08 -0.15 -0.49 -0.20 -0.05 0.07 0.09 0.05 0.21 0.24 0.23 0.16 -0.03 0.04 -0.11 -0.03 0.32 0.32 0.09 0.06 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) -0.06 -0.42 -0.10 -0.10 0.08 0.09 0.12 0.01 0.15 -0.70 0.11 0.12 -0.16 -0.05 0.05 -0.01 -0.04 -0.06 0.01 -0.34 -0.04 0.03 -0.06 0.20 0.00 -0.08 0.11 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) 0.04 -0.12 -0.13 0.13 0.11 -0.20 -0.03 -0.18 -0.01 -0.20 -0.11 -0.03 -0.06 -0.26 -0.58 -0.23 -0.22 0.12 -0.03 -0.09 0.03 0.28 0.19 0.05 -0.10 -0.18 -0.27 0.07 0.05 0.12 -0.03 -0.06 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) 0.14 0.02 0.11 0.17 0.07 0.24 0.10 0.26 0.14 0.15 0.11 0.34 0.14 0.11 0.09 0.04 0.16 -0.05 0.11 0.14 0.18 -0.04 0.04 0.10 0.07 0.21 0.16 -0.10 0.27 0.20 0.12 0.12 (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.10) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) -0.04 -0.49 -0.01 0.01 0.05 0.09 0.16 0.04 -0.02 -0.70 -0.05 0.31 -0.14 0.01 -0.26 0.03 -0.17 0.01 -0.19 -0.35 0.02 0.08 -0.15 0.16 0.11 -0.13 0.14 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.06) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) -0.03 0.07 -0.08 -0.11 0.03 0.00 -0.04 -0.03 0.17 -0.01 0.16 -0.19 -0.02 -0.06 0.31 -0.03 0.13 -0.07 0.19 0.01 -0.06 -0.06 0.09 0.04 -0.11 0.05 -0.03 Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.18 -1.26 -1.29 -1.05 -0.91 -1.34 -1.06 -1.19 -1.10 -1.24 -1.05 -1.30 -1.26 -1.12 -1.72 -1.26 -1.36 -0.97 -1.16 -1.27 -1.11 -0.82 -0.91 -0.91 -1.38 -1.30 -1.33 -1.23 -1.04 -1.11 -1.18 -1.17 (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.21 -0.40 -0.34 -0.12 -0.15 -0.40 -0.27 -0.34 -0.23 -0.43 -0.34 -0.16 -0.29 -0.41 -0.71 -0.45 -0.41 -0.21 -0.24 -0.35 -0.11 -0.06 -0.11 -0.19 -0.36 -0.32 -0.46 -0.28 -0.17 -0.13 -0.28 -0.29 (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.38 0.15 0.22 0.47 0.37 0.21 0.26 0.21 0.33 0.10 0.14 0.49 0.30 -0.02 -0.26 0.01 0.14 0.34 0.30 0.25 0.37 0.47 0.47 0.32 0.25 0.22 0.07 0.30 0.43 0.48 0.29 0.26 (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.12) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) -1.16 -1.88 -1.20 -1.28 -1.08 -1.00 -0.96 -0.98 -1.07 -1.68 -1.33 -0.99 -1.38 -0.97 -1.32 -0.96 -1.22 -1.25 -1.65 -1.57 -1.22 -1.09 -1.20 -1.02 -0.85 -1.04 -1.01 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.09) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) -0.33 -0.75 -0.34 -0.36 -0.25 -0.21 -0.11 -0.28 -0.21 -0.93 -0.28 -0.12 -0.46 -0.30 -0.42 -0.23 -0.40 -0.33 -0.38 -0.63 -0.31 -0.27 -0.40 -0.13 -0.14 -0.40 -0.15 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) 0.21 -0.13 0.21 0.21 0.33 0.33 0.40 0.24 0.30 -0.47 0.30 0.48 0.16 0.17 0.11 0.24 0.14 0.24 0.23 -0.08 0.28 0.28 0.15 0.45 0.30 0.06 0.39 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 58 Bottom quarter Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) 1.47 1.08 1.13 1.55 1.27 1.20 1.18 1.09 1.25 1.06 1.02 1.52 1.28 0.74 0.56 0.83 1.10 1.21 1.22 1.28 1.35 1.44 1.37 1.21 1.22 1.14 0.96 1.27 1.52 1.65 1.32 1.21 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) 1.09 0.94 1.12 1.25 1.25 1.24 1.25 1.13 1.23 0.28 1.42 1.48 1.09 1.03 1.18 0.99 1.06 1.25 1.45 0.90 1.22 1.30 1.04 1.42 0.94 0.94 1.28 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.08) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.3 Index of self-efficacy in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.3 Indice de perception des capacités personnelles en sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 464 458 462 481 474 444 514 443 466 438 469 434 455 439 483 477 442 386 487 464 440 445 434 452 441 452 457 387 443 436 449 452 (2.1) (4.8) (3.7) (2.8) (4.0) (3.4) (2.5) (4.3) (5.5) (3.3) (3.7) (3.0) (3.8) (2.3) (4.7) (4.6) (2.7) (3.2) (3.6) (3.4) (3.5) (2.7) (3.6) (3.4) (3.0) (3.1) (3.5) (2.7) (3.1) (3.2) (1.1) (0.6) 511 493 507 523 507 479 547 482 511 461 497 478 493 469 530 513 477 406 523 503 482 483 469 480 479 492 498 415 497 477 482 489 (2.5) (4.6) (2.6) (2.7) (4.7) (3.6) (2.6) (3.9) (3.8) (4.2) (3.8) (3.0) (3.2) (3.0) (3.8) (3.8) (2.6) (2.8) (4.1) (3.9) (3.6) (3.1) (3.4) (3.9) (2.7) (3.0) (3.1) (3.3) (2.4) (4.1) (1.1) (0.6) 540 530 525 551 533 508 579 512 536 482 510 505 526 490 550 536 496 413 540 549 496 512 477 501 499 515 525 430 532 499 498 513 (2.5) (3.7) (3.3) (2.5) (3.7) (3.8) (3.0) (4.6) (3.7) (4.2) (3.5) (3.0) (3.6) (2.6) (3.4) (3.2) (3.1) (3.1) (3.5) (3.9) (4.0) (3.2) (4.3) (3.6) (2.8) (3.5) (3.6) (4.5) (3.2) (5.8) (1.9) (0.7) 595 569 568 589 560 557 613 550 579 515 541 551 565 505 564 563 533 436 568 612 541 553 517 529 536 561 567 467 592 547 540 551 (2.9) (4.6) (2.9) (3.0) (4.0) (3.6) (3.2) (4.6) (3.8) (4.0) (3.6) (3.5) (4.1) (3.1) (3.7) (5.0) (2.6) (3.9) (4.8) (3.1) (3.5) (2.9) (3.9) (3.9) (2.9) (3.2) (4.2) (6.7) (2.7) (6.6) (2.1) (0.7) 44.3 44.3 39.2 39.0 36.6 41.4 41.0 44.6 44.1 30.3 32.1 38.0 40.3 34.6 32.8 38.0 31.8 21.0 31.4 53.2 32.9 42.7 31.7 33.5 34.6 37.8 43.2 28.6 52.6 36.0 33.1 37.7 (0.94) (2.03) (1.25) (1.11) (1.82) (1.48) (1.61) (1.85) (1.87) (1.68) (2.34) (1.50) (1.26) (1.71) (1.72) (2.11) (1.41) (1.62) (1.66) (1.47) (1.55) (1.59) (1.87) (2.17) (1.31) (1.57) (1.79) (2.39) (1.23) (1.89) (0.74) (0.31) 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.4 1.7 1.9 2.5 2.4 1.8 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 2.3 2.5 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.0 2.8 1.9 1.8 2.2 (0.10) (0.14) (0.11) (0.12) (0.12) (0.15) (0.14) (0.14) (0.15) (0.11) (0.12) (0.15) (0.16) (0.08) (0.12) (0.13) (0.10) (0.10) (0.14) (0.14) (0.17) (0.13) (0.11) (0.10) (0.12) (0.14) (0.11) (0.12) (0.14) (0.17) (0.05) (0.02) 23.6 19.4 16.2 19.6 12.1 20.8 19.6 17.3 20.2 9.7 9.7 21.1 19.9 8.0 10.5 14.2 11.9 5.2 11.2 27.3 14.1 19.5 10.9 9.8 16.4 17.4 17.3 12.5 26.8 15.0 11.0 15.9 (0.96) (1.56) (1.03) (1.07) (1.01) (1.36) (1.46) (1.37) (1.49) (1.04) (1.34) (1.47) (1.15) (0.78) (0.98) (1.38) (0.97) (0.76) (1.22) (1.26) (1.09) (1.17) (1.16) (1.27) (0.99) (1.30) (1.37) (1.38) (1.07) (1.78) (0.53) (0.22) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 364 370 358 383 404 361 448 486 498 376 431 396 317 456 472 447 479 373 331 384 440 396 471 483 404 366 398 (7.4) (3.2) (2.9) (5.4) (3.9) (4.0) (2.6) (2.9) (3.3) (5.0) (4.8) (3.1) (4.7) (4.1) (9.6) (3.8) (2.8) (2.0) (2.1) (4.9) (4.0) (3.4) (2.7) (3.9) (2.8) (2.6) (3.5) 386 382 379 429 429 387 482 518 534 392 451 419 325 482 502 479 502 402 344 422 473 431 508 528 420 380 419 (6.1) (3.7) (3.4) (5.4) (4.6) (4.2) (2.8) (3.0) (2.7) (6.2) (5.4) (3.4) (3.4) (3.6) (9.2) (3.8) (2.5) (2.6) (2.2) (4.8) (3.6) (3.2) (2.9) (4.1) (3.2) (4.1) (3.5) 399 387 400 451 443 390 502 544 549 401 468 432 322 494 538 498 520 426 356 425 492 447 534 544 419 388 437 (7.1) (3.3) (3.5) (6.4) (4.9) (4.6) (3.1) (3.3) (4.1) (7.0) (4.8) (3.5) (3.3) (4.3) (11.2) (3.7) (2.5) (2.6) (2.3) (5.1) (4.7) (3.5) (3.1) (3.8) (3.4) (3.9) (4.5) 428 394 427 485 477 416 542 578 588 404 489 447 330 528 577 528 542 451 376 444 513 471 571 576 441 410 465 (6.6) (3.3) (4.6) (7.9) (6.4) (4.4) (3.4) (4.0) (3.4) (5.7) (5.2) (4.4) (4.1) (4.3) (9.4) (4.0) (2.6) (2.7) (2.3) (5.5) (5.7) (4.1) (3.2) (3.6) (3.2) (5.2) (3.7) 26.2 7.4 27.3 31.6 29.5 21.7 40.2 41.9 35.7 12.5 19.4 17.5 4.9 34.6 33.8 38.3 26.8 28.3 11.5 21.2 29.4 26.8 39.6 35.0 18.0 19.3 29.3 (2.56) (1.30) (1.84) (2.65) (2.23) (1.94) (1.45) (1.88) (1.55) (2.41) (2.17) (1.67) (1.89) (2.16) (5.84) (1.89) (1.32) (1.24) (0.94) (2.00) (1.87) (1.71) (2.33) (1.45) (2.00) (2.29) (1.80) 1.6 1.4 1.6 2.1 1.7 1.6 2.2 2.4 2.1 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.8 2.2 2.0 1.9 2.2 1.3 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.4 1.3 1.4 1.7 (0.14) (0.11) (0.11) (0.17) (0.13) (0.16) (0.12) (0.16) (0.12) (0.11) (0.12) (0.09) (0.08) (0.15) (0.42) (0.13) (0.12) (0.14) (0.09) (0.15) (0.15) (0.13) (0.11) (0.13) (0.11) (0.10) (0.10) 5.8 2.3 8.4 9.8 9.2 5.3 17.8 18.2 13.8 2.0 4.1 4.0 0.4 11.4 13.4 11.9 10.1 13.5 3.1 7.1 10.5 9.7 13.9 14.1 3.0 3.7 8.5 (1.18) (0.84) (0.92) (1.22) (1.19) (0.90) (1.12) (1.52) (1.14) (0.83) (0.92) (0.71) (0.27) (1.41) (3.47) (1.02) (1.02) (1.10) (0.50) (1.24) (1.43) (1.17) (1.46) (1.02) (0.62) (0.76) (1.06) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 59 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.4 Index of self-concept in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.4 Indice de perception de soi en sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of self-concept in science All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -0.03 0.09 -0.14 0.27 -0.03 -0.08 0.06 -0.11 0.26 0.04 -0.21 0.10 -0.13 0.16 -0.87 -0.71 0.24 0.53 -0.33 -0.06 0.05 0.08 0.31 0.15 -0.01 0.01 0.10 0.15 0.02 0.20 0.03 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Chinese Taipei Slovenia Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.26 0.65 0.36 0.37 0.18 0.75 -0.03 0.11 -0.25 0.16 0.27 0.74 0.69 0.03 0.09 -0.24 -0.11 0.49 0.59 0.34 0.16 0.24 -0.40 0.22 0.69 0.64 0.35 Males S.E. Mean index (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.07 0.20 -0.01 0.42 0.01 0.13 0.17 0.10 0.44 0.21 -0.09 0.32 -0.09 0.28 -0.64 -0.58 0.33 0.54 -0.14 0.06 0.27 0.13 0.36 0.22 0.11 0.17 0.26 0.19 0.20 0.36 0.16 0.13 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) 0.31 0.64 0.43 0.41 0.28 0.77 0.03 0.17 -0.03 0.20 0.35 0.77 0.72 0.11 0.30 -0.15 0.10 0.51 0.66 0.38 0.20 0.28 -0.17 0.33 0.73 0.71 0.34 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -0.14 -0.03 -0.27 0.12 -0.09 -0.29 -0.04 -0.30 0.07 -0.14 -0.35 -0.11 -0.16 0.03 -1.11 -0.85 0.14 0.52 -0.54 -0.17 -0.17 0.04 0.25 0.08 -0.13 -0.15 -0.07 0.11 -0.15 0.05 -0.11 -0.13 (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) 0.22 0.23 0.26 0.30 0.10 0.41 0.20 0.40 0.37 0.35 0.26 0.43 0.07 0.25 0.47 0.28 0.19 0.02 0.40 0.22 0.44 0.09 0.10 0.14 0.24 0.32 0.34 0.07 0.35 0.31 0.27 0.26 (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.09) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) 0.22 0.65 0.31 0.32 0.08 0.73 -0.08 0.05 -0.47 0.13 0.19 0.72 0.67 -0.05 -0.10 -0.33 -0.36 0.47 0.52 0.31 0.13 0.20 -0.66 0.12 0.66 0.57 0.36 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) 0.09 -0.01 0.12 0.10 0.20 0.04 0.11 0.12 0.44 0.07 0.15 0.05 0.05 0.16 0.39 0.18 0.45 0.04 0.14 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.50 0.22 0.07 0.13 -0.03 Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.29 -1.30 -1.39 -1.15 -1.02 -1.33 -0.96 -1.36 -0.95 -1.19 -1.28 -1.32 -1.42 -0.90 -2.13 -1.93 -1.10 -0.45 -1.51 -1.25 -1.18 -0.90 -0.73 -0.83 -1.25 -1.27 -1.11 -1.15 -1.07 -1.10 -1.29 -1.19 (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.31 -0.26 -0.37 -0.05 -0.28 -0.36 -0.22 -0.39 -0.12 -0.28 -0.51 -0.20 -0.42 -0.14 -1.10 -0.92 -0.10 0.30 -0.58 -0.33 -0.27 -0.21 0.11 -0.11 -0.32 -0.32 -0.22 -0.12 -0.24 -0.13 -0.29 -0.28 (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) 0.30 0.40 0.14 0.59 0.18 0.23 0.37 0.15 0.53 0.31 0.01 0.49 0.15 0.43 -0.61 -0.47 0.57 0.74 -0.03 0.25 0.36 0.34 0.56 0.36 0.31 0.35 0.40 0.54 0.27 0.54 0.37 0.29 (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.12) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) -0.84 -0.55 -0.63 -0.69 -0.91 -0.21 -1.09 -0.85 -1.41 -0.73 -1.20 -0.37 -0.30 -0.78 -1.23 -1.13 -1.20 -0.60 -0.76 -0.63 -0.70 -0.93 -1.57 -0.82 -0.28 -0.46 -0.75 (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.07) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) -0.04 0.45 0.04 0.08 -0.15 0.54 -0.28 -0.14 -0.58 -0.14 -0.04 0.52 0.45 -0.21 -0.25 -0.50 -0.45 0.21 0.33 0.05 -0.12 -0.04 -0.73 -0.09 0.57 0.34 0.09 (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) 0.55 0.92 0.58 0.62 0.44 0.94 0.20 0.29 0.03 0.39 0.65 1.07 0.94 0.17 0.37 -0.12 0.15 0.74 0.93 0.58 0.36 0.54 -0.17 0.48 0.83 0.97 0.61 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 60 Bottom quarter Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) 1.17 1.51 1.06 1.68 0.98 1.13 1.07 1.17 1.57 1.30 0.93 1.45 1.20 1.26 0.36 0.48 1.59 1.54 0.80 1.09 1.29 1.11 1.28 1.17 1.22 1.29 1.32 1.34 1.12 1.51 1.31 1.20 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.03) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) 1.40 1.76 1.47 1.45 1.35 1.73 1.07 1.15 0.95 1.13 1.68 1.75 1.68 0.94 1.47 0.79 1.05 1.62 1.84 1.37 1.11 1.40 0.86 1.32 1.64 1.70 1.46 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.4 Index of self-concept in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.4 Indice de perception de soi en sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 478 479 490 494 502 456 524 469 494 459 495 437 471 462 492 487 457 406 502 492 448 477 442 473 458 458 478 410 475 455 477 471 (2.5) (4.6) (3.9) (3.0) (5.0) (3.6) (2.8) (3.9) (4.1) (3.3) (3.8) (3.3) (3.7) (2.4) (4.3) (3.8) (2.4) (2.7) (3.5) (3.1) (3.4) (3.1) (3.9) (3.7) (2.4) (3.3) (4.1) (3.7) (3.1) (2.9) (1.2) (0.6) 519 508 520 519 519 483 548 482 513 464 500 476 500 467 533 504 481 413 518 517 475 489 471 485 475 491 506 427 502 475 485 493 (2.5) (5.6) (3.2) (2.9) (4.5) (3.5) (3.1) (3.8) (4.3) (3.8) (3.1) (3.4) (4.5) (2.9) (3.8) (4.1) (3.1) (3.4) (3.7) (3.8) (3.6) (3.5) (3.7) (4.4) (3.1) (3.1) (3.4) (4.4) (3.0) (4.6) (1.2) (0.7) 552 530 536 554 527 511 577 509 531 481 506 516 525 479 545 529 495 415 538 548 505 506 478 493 504 520 528 432 529 504 499 513 (2.8) (5.4) (3.5) (2.9) (4.0) (4.1) (3.0) (4.4) (4.9) (4.5) (3.5) (3.3) (4.3) (2.8) (4.0) (3.9) (2.9) (3.5) (4.0) (3.9) (3.7) (3.8) (4.1) (4.4) (3.2) (3.3) (4.0) (4.8) (3.6) (5.5) (1.6) (0.7) 589 544 550 592 527 545 608 539 556 494 520 551 566 490 559 569 521 415 561 593 535 522 496 510 524 559 552 437 563 528 511 537 (3.6) (5.6) (3.9) (2.9) (5.0) (4.1) (3.2) (5.0) (5.2) (4.7) (5.1) (3.4) (4.3) (3.8) (3.9) (4.9) (3.2) (4.3) (6.2) (4.6) (3.5) (3.5) (5.4) (4.4) (3.4) (4.0) (4.6) (6.2) (3.9) (6.9) (2.4) (0.8) 42.9 23.4 25.7 34.3 11.9 32.8 41.3 27.8 24.9 15.6 10.3 40.3 35.0 14.7 25.2 33.6 23.4 6.1 25.2 41.2 34.3 22.2 25.7 18.3 27.6 38.2 30.8 11.0 38.9 28.8 14.9 27.0 (1.27) (1.68) (1.94) (1.04) (2.28) (1.45) (1.58) (1.65) (1.54) (1.55) (2.70) (1.58) (1.59) (1.66) (1.73) (1.75) (1.26) (1.66) (2.51) (1.98) (1.51) (1.72) (2.22) (2.14) (1.17) (1.49) (1.59) (1.99) (1.69) (2.25) (0.79) (0.32) 2.4 1.6 1.6 2.1 1.3 1.9 2.0 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.1 2.6 2.0 1.1 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.1 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.6 2.3 1.8 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.6 (0.10) (0.12) (0.09) (0.10) (0.10) (0.11) (0.12) (0.09) (0.11) (0.09) (0.09) (0.18) (0.14) (0.05) (0.11) (0.10) (0.10) (0.06) (0.11) (0.11) (0.11) (0.10) (0.11) (0.10) (0.09) (0.13) (0.10) (0.10) (0.09) (0.11) (0.03) (0.02) 18.4 6.7 6.7 16.0 1.0 12.5 16.7 7.8 6.6 2.9 1.1 21.5 15.4 1.9 6.2 12.6 6.7 0.4 6.2 13.6 13.5 4.2 5.5 2.7 9.4 18.2 9.0 1.8 10.9 8.0 2.2 8.8 (1.05) (1.06) (0.95) (0.88) (0.41) (1.07) (1.29) (0.98) (0.86) (0.58) (0.57) (1.52) (1.31) (0.43) (0.85) (1.25) (0.73) (0.20) (1.29) (1.28) (1.07) (0.62) (1.03) (0.60) (0.72) (1.29) (0.97) (0.58) (0.92) (1.35) (0.25) (0.18) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 396 382 393 431 419 385 480 503 525 417 423 401 357 478 506 467 491 410 339 416 467 427 518 517 424 381 417 (7.5) (4.1) (4.0) (6.1) (3.9) (4.1) (3.2) (3.0) (3.5) (9.8) (4.5) (3.4) (4.3) (4.0) (11.1) (4.0) (3.0) (2.8) (2.3) (5.4) (3.3) (3.4) (2.7) (3.3) (3.4) (3.3) (3.7) 404 387 397 443 433 397 496 523 550 405 452 419 334 483 507 479 503 418 354 422 475 440 517 522 421 385 436 (5.8) (3.7) (4.4) (6.5) (4.5) (4.9) (3.6) (3.4) (4.0) (6.0) (4.9) (3.3) (3.7) (3.3) (10.1) (3.3) (3.5) (2.4) (2.2) (4.8) (4.2) (3.3) (3.2) (4.2) (3.2) (4.4) (4.6) 408 387 393 434 453 392 511 542 569 387 476 429 315 500 528 497 519 412 360 418 491 435 524 544 421 393 441 (7.2) (3.4) (3.4) (6.9) (5.6) (5.4) (3.9) (3.9) (4.6) (3.9) (4.5) (3.4) (3.8) (3.6) (11.4) (4.0) (3.7) (2.5) (2.1) (5.4) (4.2) (4.0) (4.1) (4.2) (3.1) (4.4) (4.6) 397 383 394 450 461 391 508 559 578 371 492 448 307 501 553 511 520 416 357 419 490 443 536 548 417 396 441 (7.3) (3.3) (4.4) (7.6) (6.4) (5.1) (4.3) (4.1) (4.3) (3.7) (5.8) (4.5) (3.7) (5.1) (10.8) (3.9) (3.6) (2.9) (2.4) (6.1) (6.4) (4.8) (4.0) (5.6) (3.7) (4.0) (4.9) 4.0 1.1 1.9 8.6 19.3 3.2 13.9 27.9 22.1 -24.4 25.3 21.3 -23.8 14.1 19.6 22.4 13.6 1.9 7.8 1.9 13.8 6.5 10.5 13.9 -4.1 7.5 12.7 (3.09) (1.68) (2.23) (2.83) (2.05) (2.99) (2.06) (1.89) (1.82) (3.84) (1.88) (2.11) (2.24) (2.45) (4.99) (1.83) (1.84) (1.79) (1.07) (2.78) (2.70) (1.69) (1.86) (1.74) (2.13) (2.01) (2.39) 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.5 0.6 1.6 1.4 0.5 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.2 (0.10) (0.12) (0.08) (0.10) (0.10) (0.09) (0.11) (0.12) (0.14) (0.07) (0.11) (0.11) (0.05) (0.09) (0.32) (0.10) (0.12) (0.10) (0.07) (0.11) (0.09) (0.08) (0.07) (0.08) (0.07) (0.07) (0.10) 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 3.6 0.1 2.0 7.3 5.6 6.9 6.7 4.1 5.1 1.4 4.7 3.8 2.3 0.1 0.9 0.0 1.3 0.5 0.9 2.1 0.2 0.6 1.5 (0.22) (0.12) (0.09) (0.32) (0.73) (0.17) (0.58) (0.97) (0.93) (1.79) (0.97) (0.74) (0.83) (0.47) (2.40) (0.62) (0.62) (0.10) (0.26) (0.12) (0.53) (0.28) (0.31) (0.54) (0.16) (0.33) (0.56) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 61 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.5 Index of general value of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.5 Indice de valorisation générale des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of general value of science All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -0.05 -0.12 -0.16 0.14 -0.12 -0.27 0.07 -0.17 -0.10 -0.04 -0.04 -0.19 0.02 -0.01 -0.18 0.27 -0.02 0.37 -0.21 -0.13 -0.14 0.22 0.37 0.03 0.29 -0.19 -0.11 0.46 -0.16 0.15 0.08 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.05 0.53 0.26 0.26 0.58 0.47 0.15 0.14 0.55 0.31 0.24 0.60 0.41 0.01 -0.14 0.15 0.54 0.24 0.41 0.22 0.02 0.07 0.02 0.72 0.77 0.70 -0.10 Males S.E. Mean index (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.00 -0.02 -0.10 0.21 -0.08 -0.22 0.09 -0.13 0.02 -0.01 0.02 -0.12 0.07 0.07 -0.03 0.31 0.04 0.39 -0.09 -0.08 -0.06 0.22 0.42 0.09 0.36 -0.13 -0.03 0.37 -0.03 0.22 0.15 0.06 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) 0.09 0.49 0.30 0.20 0.66 0.49 0.19 0.18 0.60 0.30 0.26 0.49 0.32 0.03 -0.05 0.10 0.50 0.26 0.34 0.22 0.07 0.12 0.03 0.80 0.66 0.66 -0.11 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -0.11 -0.22 -0.23 0.07 -0.19 -0.32 0.04 -0.21 -0.22 -0.07 -0.10 -0.27 -0.02 -0.09 -0.33 0.22 -0.09 0.34 -0.34 -0.19 -0.22 0.23 0.32 -0.04 0.22 -0.24 -0.19 0.57 -0.28 0.07 0.01 -0.06 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) 0.12 0.20 0.14 0.14 0.11 0.11 0.06 0.09 0.25 0.06 0.12 0.15 0.09 0.16 0.30 0.08 0.13 0.05 0.25 0.11 0.16 -0.01 0.10 0.13 0.14 0.11 0.16 -0.20 0.26 0.15 0.13 0.12 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.09) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) 0.01 0.58 0.22 0.32 0.48 0.45 0.11 0.11 0.49 0.33 0.22 0.70 0.49 0.00 -0.21 0.21 0.58 0.22 0.48 0.22 -0.02 0.02 0.01 0.63 0.86 0.75 -0.08 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) 0.09 -0.09 0.08 -0.12 0.19 0.04 0.07 0.07 0.10 -0.04 0.05 -0.21 -0.17 0.03 0.16 -0.12 -0.08 0.04 -0.14 0.00 0.09 0.10 0.02 0.17 -0.20 -0.09 -0.03 Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.01) (0.01) -1.22 -1.42 -1.23 -1.06 -1.12 -1.22 -0.90 -1.28 -1.41 -1.14 -1.12 -1.40 -1.19 -1.08 -1.42 -0.81 -1.41 -0.81 -1.25 -1.25 -1.38 -0.78 -0.67 -0.96 -0.90 -1.37 -1.31 -0.88 -1.26 -1.12 -1.16 -1.15 (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.45 -0.51 -0.49 -0.28 -0.43 -0.58 -0.34 -0.53 -0.46 -0.38 -0.35 -0.58 -0.39 -0.35 -0.53 -0.19 -0.39 0.01 -0.46 -0.49 -0.49 -0.21 -0.04 -0.34 -0.11 -0.53 -0.47 0.01 -0.54 -0.31 -0.32 -0.37 (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) 0.14 0.24 0.05 0.40 0.03 -0.14 0.24 0.09 0.26 0.24 0.22 0.01 0.28 0.24 -0.02 0.49 0.31 0.67 -0.12 0.03 0.06 0.42 0.63 0.22 0.61 0.01 0.22 0.82 0.00 0.41 0.34 0.24 (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.06) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.13) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) -1.16 -0.73 -0.89 -0.91 -0.73 -0.67 -0.90 -0.92 -0.61 -0.70 -1.27 -0.74 -0.82 -0.98 -1.37 -0.89 -0.58 -0.93 -1.22 -0.91 -1.00 -1.09 -1.04 -0.60 -0.40 -0.59 -1.16 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.07) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) -0.29 0.22 -0.13 -0.17 0.26 0.16 -0.20 -0.19 0.03 -0.03 -0.15 0.30 0.09 -0.31 -0.49 -0.20 0.17 -0.12 0.02 -0.15 -0.30 -0.28 -0.35 0.19 0.44 0.41 -0.45 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) 0.33 0.82 0.53 0.55 0.92 0.72 0.35 0.37 0.82 0.57 0.64 0.96 0.72 0.23 0.16 0.36 0.76 0.53 0.89 0.49 0.25 0.30 0.23 1.12 1.10 1.07 0.16 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 62 Bottom quarter Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 1.31 1.20 1.01 1.51 1.03 0.86 1.26 1.04 1.23 1.12 1.09 1.19 1.38 1.17 1.26 1.57 1.40 1.60 0.99 1.19 1.25 1.47 1.56 1.19 1.57 1.14 1.12 1.89 1.17 1.61 1.46 1.28 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) 1.31 1.81 1.52 1.56 1.87 1.66 1.34 1.31 1.95 1.42 1.75 1.87 1.65 1.11 1.16 1.35 1.81 1.50 1.95 1.44 1.14 1.35 1.24 2.16 1.96 1.93 1.07 (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.5 Index of general value of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.5 Indice de valorisation générale des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Third quarter Mean score OECD Bottom quarter Second quarter Partners Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 476 475 486 502 480 472 526 463 483 442 475 445 465 441 486 494 450 390 484 485 445 464 443 452 455 464 474 386 463 449 461 464 (2.9) (4.9) (4.2) (3.0) (4.9) (3.6) (3.8) (4.8) (6.0) (4.2) (3.8) (3.7) (4.8) (2.4) (5.1) (5.1) (2.8) (4.0) (4.2) (4.1) (4.2) (3.3) (4.3) (4.2) (4.0) (4.1) (4.2) (3.5) (3.4) (4.4) (1.4) (0.8) 516 508 513 527 516 484 555 491 519 469 501 484 502 469 532 520 479 406 526 519 483 487 464 485 490 495 509 416 507 476 487 495 (2.53) (4.34) (3.20) (2.85) (4.60) (4.42) (3.57) (4.74) (4.38) (4.16) (3.96) (3.92) (3.86) (2.57) (3.52) (4.41) (3.13) (3.17) (3.78) (3.75) (4.16) (3.39) (4.20) (3.70) (3.55) (3.25) (3.50) (4.54) (2.85) (4.93) (1.47) (0.70) 546 532 523 551 528 500 577 509 539 489 515 505 526 487 546 533 500 416 544 551 503 513 485 501 499 515 528 436 531 507 504 514 (2.92) (4.60) (3.44) (2.63) (3.89) (4.72) (2.77) (4.21) (3.36) (3.96) (3.68) (3.32) (3.59) (2.50) (4.04) (3.35) (2.51) (3.37) (3.47) (4.17) (3.06) (3.23) (3.64) (3.74) (3.17) (3.29) (4.27) (4.31) (3.44) (4.87) (1.45) (0.66) 573 536 539 566 548 530 596 524 550 496 526 536 546 507 562 543 519 430 564 574 529 529 506 522 511 546 536 459 563 529 517 533 (2.8) (4.7) (3.1) (2.7) (4.5) (3.9) (2.8) (4.3) (4.9) (3.9) (4.1) (3.3) (3.3) (3.1) (3.3) (4.9) (2.9) (3.5) (4.4) (3.6) (3.7) (3.0) (3.7) (4.1) (3.4) (3.8) (3.6) (5.5) (3.1) (4.5) (1.5) (0.7) 36.9 23.9 23.6 25.3 28.8 27.7 31.5 26.6 26.9 24.1 23.4 33.0 30.9 28.8 27.5 22.3 24.6 17.7 33.8 35.4 30.8 27.6 28.1 30.4 22.3 31.4 26.0 26.1 39.2 29.9 21.8 28.1 (1.08) (1.88) (2.18) (1.11) (1.80) (1.81) (1.54) (1.92) (1.49) (1.69) (1.78) (1.76) (1.19) (1.25) (1.76) (2.20) (1.41) (1.61) (1.53) (1.74) (1.39) (1.42) (1.78) (2.26) (1.27) (1.76) (1.39) (1.81) (1.43) (1.38) (0.50) (0.30) 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.5 2.1 1.7 2.0 1.7 1.7 2.3 2.2 1.8 2.2 1.7 1.9 1.5 2.4 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.9 (0.09) (0.15) (0.09) (0.09) (0.12) (0.09) (0.13) (0.09) (0.13) (0.10) (0.14) (0.15) (0.16) (0.08) (0.13) (0.12) (0.11) (0.09) (0.14) (0.15) (0.12) (0.11) (0.15) (0.15) (0.10) (0.13) (0.09) (0.16) (0.11) (0.11) (0.03) (0.02) 14.3 6.6 4.9 7.7 7.1 6.3 10.7 6.2 8.8 5.8 5.7 13.1 11.2 7.4 8.9 5.8 8.2 4.5 11.1 10.8 12.6 8.0 8.3 8.3 6.0 11.8 6.6 12.0 13.0 9.5 4.8 8.7 (0.76) (1.00) (0.87) (0.66) (0.91) (0.79) (1.03) (0.83) (0.90) (0.77) (0.85) (1.29) (0.84) (0.66) (1.01) (1.09) (0.93) (0.79) (0.98) (1.06) (1.15) (0.78) (0.97) (1.12) (0.68) (1.35) (0.71) (1.20) (0.87) (0.80) (0.22) (0.17) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 379 371 366 406 414 374 467 492 511 380 420 384 309 460 495 452 491 393 319 387 458 419 484 502 393 357 414 (6.9) (3.2) (3.4) (6.8) (4.7) (4.1) (3.0) (3.1) (4.2) (5.8) (5.2) (3.8) (3.9) (4.2) (11.3) (3.5) (2.5) (2.5) (2.3) (4.8) (4.5) (3.4) (2.9) (5.1) (3.1) (3.7) (4.3) 398 384 386 430 434 391 488 525 539 391 457 423 326 486 511 479 511 411 353 415 478 431 511 532 416 381 429 (6.64) (3.27) (3.80) (6.69) (5.36) (5.33) (3.47) (3.16) (4.04) (6.99) (4.49) (3.58) (3.79) (3.56) (10.73) (3.80) (2.68) (2.51) (3.10) (5.21) (4.25) (4.07) (3.36) (3.95) (2.81) (3.97) (3.45) 395 388 402 451 443 391 505 545 556 399 474 436 330 503 538 506 517 422 366 432 485 444 538 545 430 394 435 (6.39) (3.59) (4.19) (7.40) (5.82) (4.81) (3.10) (3.62) (4.19) (5.97) (4.79) (4.04) (3.49) (4.08) (11.18) (3.73) (2.56) (2.70) (3.31) (4.92) (4.29) (3.82) (3.53) (3.26) (2.94) (3.99) (4.60) 403 392 411 460 462 398 515 564 564 404 486 450 333 512 549 517 525 426 369 441 497 451 551 550 445 412 441 (7.3) (3.4) (3.8) (7.3) (5.4) (4.2) (3.3) (3.7) (3.8) (4.9) (4.5) (3.6) (4.0) (4.1) (9.4) (3.6) (2.5) (2.5) (3.2) (5.1) (4.6) (4.3) (3.1) (4.0) (3.1) (3.6) (3.8) 9.6 8.6 19.0 20.5 17.9 10.6 20.6 31.6 21.0 11.8 22.0 24.6 10.9 23.6 19.6 28.6 14.0 12.9 15.9 23.2 17.6 11.5 28.2 17.8 22.2 21.7 11.6 (2.33) (1.26) (1.52) (2.37) (1.58) (1.62) (1.38) (1.50) (1.90) (1.83) (1.76) (1.49) (1.58) (1.85) (4.61) (1.53) (1.28) (1.35) (0.84) (1.73) (1.63) (1.52) (1.93) (1.26) (1.28) (1.43) (1.99) 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.7 2.2 1.8 1.3 1.8 2.1 1.4 1.8 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.2 (0.12) (0.13) (0.13) (0.14) (0.11) (0.10) (0.09) (0.10) (0.14) (0.09) (0.11) (0.13) (0.08) (0.14) (0.33) (0.12) (0.11) (0.12) (0.11) (0.12) (0.11) (0.09) (0.10) (0.09) (0.12) (0.11) (0.08) 0.9 2.3 4.2 3.8 3.9 1.3 4.7 11.1 5.4 2.1 5.6 8.1 1.6 5.6 4.5 8.1 2.8 2.6 5.8 7.4 2.9 1.7 7.3 4.1 7.0 6.9 1.2 (0.44) (0.68) (0.64) (0.83) (0.62) (0.41) (0.63) (0.95) (0.86) (0.70) (0.86) (0.84) (0.48) (0.87) (1.98) (0.75) (0.51) (0.54) (0.60) (1.00) (0.53) (0.45) (0.98) (0.55) (0.78) (0.88) (0.43) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 63 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.6 Index of personal value of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.6 Indice de valorisation personnelle des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of personal value of science All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 0.02 -0.36 -0.15 0.20 -0.15 -0.18 -0.09 -0.14 -0.23 -0.08 0.01 -0.15 0.00 0.16 -0.23 -0.06 -0.10 0.69 -0.21 0.04 -0.11 0.32 0.47 -0.04 0.05 -0.10 -0.22 0.30 0.04 0.29 0.13 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.35 0.75 0.48 0.39 0.52 0.88 0.19 0.14 0.52 0.51 0.23 0.74 0.73 0.13 -0.26 0.25 0.34 0.48 0.50 0.48 0.16 0.29 0.14 0.60 0.79 0.71 0.22 Males S.E. Mean index (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.06 -0.27 -0.08 0.23 -0.21 -0.17 -0.14 -0.06 -0.14 -0.01 0.00 -0.02 -0.04 0.22 -0.08 0.03 -0.06 0.69 -0.08 0.07 -0.04 0.26 0.48 -0.02 0.09 -0.08 -0.14 0.27 0.12 0.34 0.18 0.04 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) 0.36 0.69 0.43 0.33 0.55 0.83 0.20 0.11 0.60 0.51 0.30 0.71 0.66 0.11 -0.12 0.18 0.38 0.47 0.51 0.47 0.15 0.31 0.12 0.74 0.73 0.68 0.15 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -0.04 -0.45 -0.23 0.16 -0.08 -0.18 -0.05 -0.22 -0.34 -0.15 0.02 -0.27 0.04 0.09 -0.38 -0.15 -0.14 0.69 -0.35 0.02 -0.19 0.39 0.46 -0.07 0.01 -0.13 -0.30 0.35 -0.05 0.24 0.08 -0.04 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.10 0.18 0.15 0.07 -0.13 0.01 -0.09 0.16 0.20 0.14 -0.02 0.25 -0.08 0.13 0.30 0.18 0.08 0.00 0.27 0.05 0.16 -0.13 0.02 0.05 0.08 0.05 0.16 -0.08 0.18 0.09 0.10 0.08 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.08) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) 0.34 0.82 0.52 0.45 0.49 0.93 0.17 0.16 0.44 0.51 0.16 0.77 0.78 0.15 -0.37 0.33 0.30 0.49 0.48 0.49 0.17 0.26 0.16 0.44 0.83 0.75 0.29 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) 0.01 -0.14 -0.09 -0.12 0.06 -0.10 0.03 -0.05 0.16 -0.01 0.14 -0.06 -0.12 -0.04 0.25 -0.15 0.08 -0.02 0.03 -0.02 -0.02 0.04 -0.04 0.30 -0.10 -0.07 -0.15 Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.29 -1.66 -1.27 -1.11 -1.21 -1.37 -1.15 -1.40 -1.54 -1.19 -1.09 -1.57 -1.33 -0.84 -1.32 -1.07 -1.46 -0.30 -1.24 -1.22 -1.37 -0.72 -0.56 -1.04 -1.11 -1.34 -1.42 -0.97 -1.14 -0.98 -1.10 -1.18 (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.35 -0.74 -0.45 -0.16 -0.44 -0.55 -0.41 -0.47 -0.60 -0.41 -0.30 -0.53 -0.35 -0.10 -0.52 -0.37 -0.49 0.41 -0.49 -0.28 -0.44 0.06 0.25 -0.35 -0.25 -0.43 -0.56 -0.01 -0.31 -0.01 -0.20 -0.32 (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.30 -0.05 0.13 0.49 0.10 0.12 0.19 0.16 0.07 0.18 0.26 0.19 0.30 0.38 0.00 0.17 0.22 0.90 0.02 0.31 0.19 0.50 0.66 0.21 0.30 0.20 0.06 0.57 0.27 0.51 0.41 0.26 (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.12) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) -0.78 -0.35 -0.64 -0.73 -0.66 -0.12 -0.88 -0.86 -0.54 -0.36 -1.17 -0.39 -0.36 -0.81 -1.54 -0.71 -0.61 -0.73 -1.00 -0.53 -0.86 -0.83 -1.04 -0.51 -0.03 -0.42 -0.94 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.07) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) 0.09 0.50 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.57 -0.08 -0.15 0.23 0.28 -0.16 0.50 0.45 -0.10 -0.66 -0.04 0.08 0.23 0.18 0.24 -0.13 0.00 -0.15 0.27 0.49 0.45 -0.06 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) 0.58 1.01 0.72 0.58 0.80 1.14 0.43 0.33 0.69 0.66 0.55 1.01 0.97 0.32 0.08 0.48 0.54 0.74 0.84 0.66 0.40 0.51 0.41 0.78 0.93 0.99 0.49 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 64 Bottom quarter Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 1.41 1.01 0.99 1.57 0.94 1.10 0.99 1.13 1.14 1.12 1.16 1.33 1.37 1.18 0.93 1.03 1.33 1.76 0.85 1.37 1.17 1.46 1.53 1.01 1.26 1.16 1.04 1.63 1.33 1.64 1.42 1.23 (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.03) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) 1.51 1.85 1.64 1.55 1.73 1.96 1.27 1.23 1.69 1.46 1.70 1.84 1.84 1.10 1.11 1.29 1.36 1.69 1.97 1.56 1.22 1.46 1.33 1.85 1.77 1.84 1.39 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.6 Index of personal value of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.6 Indice de valorisation personnelle des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Third quarter Mean score OECD Bottom quarter Second quarter Partners Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 484 497 486 504 510 474 532 466 500 452 502 449 466 460 499 490 470 411 507 492 457 495 452 485 461 469 488 403 480 459 478 477 (2.5) (3.8) (3.8) (2.6) (3.9) (3.6) (2.9) (4.1) (5.1) (3.8) (4.3) (3.1) (3.8) (3.0) (4.8) (4.4) (2.4) (3.2) (3.5) (3.3) (3.3) (3.9) (3.7) (4.2) (2.9) (3.3) (3.8) (3.0) (3.4) (4.0) (1.2) (0.7) 511 512 512 528 514 486 555 484 517 467 502 481 501 479 529 517 484 409 523 520 484 497 470 489 485 499 505 415 500 482 493 495 (2.6) (4.1) (2.9) (2.4) (4.7) (3.7) (3.1) (3.7) (4.3) (4.2) (3.4) (3.3) (4.1) (2.7) (3.9) (4.0) (2.5) (3.3) (4.0) (3.5) (3.3) (3.2) (4.1) (4.3) (3.2) (3.2) (3.7) (4.3) (3.2) (5.2) (1.4) (0.7) 538 516 525 539 523 499 571 507 531 479 501 500 518 475 543 530 490 412 537 534 497 492 478 493 496 512 519 423 521 490 490 506 (2.6) (5.8) (2.7) (2.9) (4.9) (3.9) (3.1) (4.3) (4.3) (4.5) (3.7) (3.4) (3.9) (3.0) (4.0) (3.6) (2.8) (2.7) (4.1) (4.0) (4.4) (3.3) (4.1) (3.6) (3.5) (4.6) (3.7) (4.7) (3.1) (5.3) (1.5) (0.7) 578 525 538 575 524 529 596 531 544 499 512 541 553 489 555 553 504 413 552 583 523 509 498 493 514 539 535 457 563 528 508 528 (2.9) (5.9) (3.6) (2.9) (5.2) (4.7) (2.8) (5.3) (5.0) (4.1) (4.5) (3.7) (3.7) (3.1) (4.1) (5.5) (2.9) (3.5) (4.8) (3.9) (3.5) (2.9) (4.4) (4.9) (3.3) (4.2) (4.6) (6.7) (3.2) (6.2) (2.1) (0.8) 33.2 10.1 23.1 24.8 8.0 22.0 29.0 25.0 17.9 19.7 5.7 29.9 29.6 13.1 25.4 28.3 12.6 3.2 22.1 32.3 24.6 5.2 20.7 3.4 21.4 26.6 19.9 20.2 32.4 25.0 12.6 20.5 (0.93) (1.99) (1.85) (1.04) (2.32) (1.54) (1.37) (2.02) (1.53) (1.81) (2.12) (1.55) (1.29) (1.59) (1.86) (2.64) (1.41) (1.48) (1.74) (1.57) (1.36) (1.48) (1.90) (3.05) (1.27) (1.65) (1.55) (2.08) (1.42) (1.69) (0.65) (0.32) 2.0 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.1 1.3 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.0 2.0 2.1 1.2 1.7 1.7 1.2 1.0 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.0 1.4 1.0 1.5 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.5 (0.07) (0.08) (0.08) (0.07) (0.10) (0.10) (0.11) (0.10) (0.09) (0.09) (0.09) (0.12) (0.12) (0.07) (0.09) (0.11) (0.08) (0.06) (0.07) (0.11) (0.09) (0.07) (0.09) (0.08) (0.07) (0.11) (0.07) (0.12) (0.07) (0.08) (0.02) (0.02) 12.9 1.2 4.7 8.0 0.5 5.7 8.9 6.4 4.0 4.0 0.3 12.9 11.6 1.3 5.6 7.5 2.1 0.1 4.2 9.9 7.6 0.3 3.9 0.1 5.2 8.4 4.0 6.4 9.1 6.1 1.5 5.4 (0.68) (0.50) (0.73) (0.67) (0.33) (0.79) (0.85) (1.02) (0.64) (0.71) (0.25) (1.23) (0.95) (0.31) (0.77) (1.32) (0.47) (0.10) (0.68) (0.96) (0.80) (0.14) (0.71) (0.17) (0.59) (1.00) (0.62) (1.06) (0.77) (0.85) (0.16) (0.14) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 402 382 395 437 429 392 487 512 519 397 432 403 339 480 506 471 503 419 329 411 482 445 507 517 408 363 439 (6.3) (4.2) (4.5) (6.4) (4.1) (5.0) (3.1) (3.5) (3.9) (8.5) (5.1) (4.0) (4.6) (3.8) (9.5) (3.8) (2.3) (2.3) (2.1) (4.5) (4.4) (3.6) (3.2) (4.3) (3.1) (3.1) (3.8) 398 385 394 435 434 396 496 527 530 394 457 423 327 487 529 483 510 416 352 419 477 444 515 524 414 382 430 (6.6) (3.2) (3.6) (7.4) (5.1) (5.1) (3.2) (3.5) (3.9) (6.7) (5.4) (3.7) (4.3) (3.7) (11.8) (4.2) (2.9) (2.6) (1.9) (5.1) (3.9) (3.8) (3.2) (4.4) (3.0) (4.0) (3.5) 390 382 388 436 440 385 494 535 549 393 470 430 323 494 523 492 510 412 363 424 481 430 521 539 424 393 427 (6.9) (3.2) (3.6) (7.1) (4.9) (4.8) (3.6) (3.4) (3.9) (5.3) (4.9) (3.7) (3.4) (4.3) (15.0) (4.1) (2.4) (3.1) (2.1) (5.2) (4.3) (4.2) (3.6) (4.1) (3.5) (3.7) (3.7) 387 386 388 441 451 382 499 553 570 390 479 437 311 499 536 507 521 406 363 421 479 428 542 549 438 407 423 (7.6) (3.4) (3.6) (7.0) (6.5) (4.5) (3.8) (3.6) (3.6) (3.7) (4.9) (4.1) (3.8) (4.5) (12.3) (4.1) (2.9) (3.1) (2.1) (5.6) (4.7) (4.2) (3.7) (3.9) (3.6) (4.1) (4.7) -5.1 1.9 -2.6 1.9 8.4 -6.4 4.5 19.2 22.1 -4.4 15.8 15.8 -11.5 10.2 11.6 17.3 7.9 -4.0 11.2 5.0 1.1 -7.9 13.7 13.2 16.6 18.5 -4.5 (2.40) (1.69) (1.78) (1.98) (2.12) (2.20) (1.69) (1.51) (1.45) (3.78) (1.81) (2.07) (2.06) (2.21) (5.16) (1.82) (1.59) (1.62) (0.92) (2.14) (1.84) (1.70) (2.24) (1.21) (1.81) (1.61) (2.24) 0.8 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.4 1.5 0.9 1.4 1.5 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.1 0.8 1.5 1.1 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.6 0.7 (0.08) (0.13) (0.06) (0.07) (0.08) (0.09) (0.07) (0.09) (0.08) (0.06) (0.11) (0.09) (0.07) (0.08) (0.30) (0.09) (0.09) (0.07) (0.09) (0.10) (0.07) (0.07) (0.08) (0.06) (0.09) (0.09) (0.06) 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.7 0.4 0.2 3.7 4.6 0.2 2.7 2.5 1.5 0.9 1.7 2.5 0.6 0.3 2.5 0.3 0.0 0.7 1.8 1.7 2.5 4.1 0.2 (0.23) (0.19) (0.10) (0.06) (0.37) (0.27) (0.17) (0.57) (0.55) (0.36) (0.62) (0.61) (0.50) (0.38) (1.51) (0.48) (0.26) (0.21) (0.40) (0.23) (0.06) (0.32) (0.60) (0.31) (0.55) (0.66) (0.19) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 65 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 3.7 The importance of doing well in science, reading and mathematics at school1 Tableau 3.7 Importance attachée à l’obtention de bons résultats en sciences, en compréhension de l’écrit et en mathématiques Percentage of students reporting that doing well in the subject area is important or very important All students Science Reading Males Mathematics Science Reading Females Mathematics Science Reading Mathematics Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 72.0 65.4 64.4 83.4 53.7 69.5 61.8 64.1 75.8 74.1 65.9 68.0 74.8 81.9 68.0 75.2 66.8 88.8 72.5 75.6 77.4 77.1 83.0 60.5 73.6 72.9 62.0 80.7 83.6 82.3 77.7 72.5 (0.6) (1.2) (0.8) (0.5) (1.3) (0.7) (0.8) (1.1) (0.8) (0.7) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (0.6) (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (0.4) (0.9) (0.8) (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (1.4) (0.6) (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (0.6) (0.6) (0.2) (0.2) 94.5 88.5 82.2 90.2 88.7 96.4 79.4 83.4 92.2 79.9 82.6 91.7 92.9 92.8 88.0 92.4 86.1 96.3 86.5 93.2 83.8 88.4 87.9 91.1 84.4 94.1 90.1 93.6 95.3 m 90.4 89.2 (0.2) (0.8) (0.6) (0.3) (0.7) (0.3) (0.7) (0.7) (0.5) (0.8) (0.7) (0.4) (0.5) (0.3) (0.6) (0.5) (0.5) (0.3) (0.6) (0.4) (0.7) (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (0.4) (0.4) (0.5) (0.6) (0.3) m (0.2) (0.1) 93.7 91.2 90.0 95.3 89.3 96.8 86.0 89.7 94.5 86.2 83.4 97.8 95.8 90.5 87.2 87.8 84.8 97.4 89.5 95.1 91.0 86.4 89.9 87.7 88.8 94.9 92.3 93.0 96.1 93.9 92.3 91.2 (0.3) (0.5) (0.6) (0.3) (0.7) (0.3) (0.6) (0.5) (0.3) (0.6) (0.7) (0.2) (0.4) (0.4) (0.6) (0.6) (0.6) (0.3) (0.5) (0.3) (0.4) (0.6) (0.6) (0.8) (0.5) (0.4) (0.5) (0.5) (0.2) (0.4) (0.1) (0.1) 71.0 65.8 63.8 81.7 48.6 69.4 57.6 65.6 77.7 77.9 65.0 68.3 71.0 83.0 70.2 77.3 63.4 86.9 72.0 74.4 76.3 73.5 80.7 56.9 73.4 72.6 61.4 80.4 84.7 80.5 77.2 71.7 (0.8) (1.5) (1.2) (0.7) (1.5) (1.0) (1.1) (1.5) (1.0) (1.1) (1.2) (1.4) (1.3) (0.8) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (0.7) (1.4) (1.2) (1.0) (1.0) (0.9) (1.6) (0.9) (1.1) (1.2) (1.2) (0.7) (1.0) (0.3) (0.2) 91.9 82.0 75.3 85.6 84.3 94.4 67.7 77.4 88.3 72.3 75.0 87.9 90.6 88.8 83.9 89.9 81.8 95.0 81.0 90.8 76.5 82.5 85.1 87.2 79.0 90.3 85.2 91.9 93.2 m 86.5 84.7 (0.4) (1.2) (1.0) (0.5) (1.1) (0.5) (1.2) (1.1) (0.9) (1.2) (1.0) (0.7) (0.7) (0.4) (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (0.4) (0.9) (0.7) (1.0) (0.9) (0.8) (0.8) (0.6) (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (0.5) m (0.3) (0.2) 94.9 91.6 90.0 95.3 91.3 97.0 87.1 91.5 94.6 88.3 82.7 97.2 96.1 90.7 87.4 87.9 88.4 97.0 91.4 95.3 91.2 85.6 89.3 89.1 87.7 93.8 94.8 91.8 96.2 93.6 92.2 91.6 (0.4) (0.7) (0.9) (0.4) (0.8) (0.4) (0.8) (0.7) (0.5) (0.9) (1.0) (0.4) (0.5) (0.6) (0.8) (0.9) (0.7) (0.5) (0.7) (0.5) (0.6) (0.7) (0.9) (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (0.5) (0.7) (0.3) (0.6) (0.2) (0.1) 73.1 64.9 65.2 85.1 60.4 69.6 66.0 62.8 73.9 70.4 66.9 67.7 78.7 80.8 65.7 73.0 70.2 90.5 73.0 76.6 78.6 80.7 85.5 64.1 73.9 73.2 62.7 81.1 82.7 84.1 78.2 73.4 (0.8) (1.4) (1.0) (0.7) (2.0) (1.0) (1.1) (1.1) (1.1) (1.1) (1.3) (1.1) (1.0) (0.7) (1.1) (1.0) (1.0) (0.5) (1.2) (1.1) (1.1) (0.8) (0.9) (1.6) (0.9) (1.1) (1.1) (1.1) (0.9) (0.8) (0.3) (0.2) 97.2 95.2 89.4 94.7 94.3 98.3 90.9 89.1 96.2 87.4 90.6 95.5 95.1 97.0 92.2 95.0 90.5 97.4 92.4 95.3 91.4 94.1 90.9 95.1 89.9 98.0 95.2 95.7 97.3 m 94.3 93.8 (0.3) (0.5) (0.5) (0.3) (0.5) (0.3) (0.7) (0.7) (0.5) (0.8) (0.7) (0.5) (0.5) (0.3) (0.6) (0.5) (0.6) (0.3) (0.6) (0.5) (0.7) (0.5) (0.7) (0.5) (0.5) (0.3) (0.4) (0.5) (0.4) m (0.2) (0.1) 92.6 90.7 90.0 95.4 86.8 96.7 84.9 88.0 94.4 84.1 84.2 98.3 95.6 90.4 87.1 87.7 81.3 97.8 87.4 94.9 90.8 87.2 90.4 86.2 89.8 96.0 89.7 94.4 95.9 94.2 92.3 90.8 (0.4) (0.6) (0.6) (0.4) (1.0) (0.4) (0.7) (0.7) (0.5) (0.9) (1.0) (0.3) (0.5) (0.5) (0.8) (0.8) (0.9) (0.2) (0.8) (0.5) (0.7) (0.8) (0.7) (1.1) (0.5) (0.5) (0.7) (0.6) (0.4) (0.5) (0.2) (0.1) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 85.1 88.3 88.4 82.6 89.1 91.2 63.0 81.9 71.5 89.9 68.4 93.0 90.2 71.4 64.8 84.0 78.7 76.5 82.9 78.0 75.3 65.1 71.9 77.6 97.4 89.9 83.1 (0.8) (0.7) (0.6) (0.8) (0.6) (0.7) (1.1) (0.6) (1.0) (0.7) (1.0) (0.5) (0.6) (0.9) (2.1) (0.6) (0.7) (0.7) (0.5) (1.1) (0.7) (1.0) (0.8) (0.7) (0.3) (0.6) (0.8) 88.3 92.3 95.3 93.0 94.3 94.1 83.8 91.9 91.0 95.8 84.7 87.3 94.0 91.1 87.3 93.6 93.2 86.6 76.6 93.2 92.6 85.1 87.0 87.9 95.8 74.3 84.4 (0.8) (0.7) (0.3) (0.7) (0.4) (0.5) (0.8) (0.4) (0.6) (0.5) (0.6) (0.8) (0.4) (0.6) (1.9) (0.5) (0.5) (0.5) (0.5) (0.7) (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (0.4) (0.4) (1.1) (0.6) 91.9 88.5 93.9 91.8 96.6 95.5 80.8 92.7 92.3 96.3 93.1 89.9 93.5 94.0 92.7 93.9 86.1 76.3 81.4 89.7 91.9 75.2 89.0 83.4 98.1 85.6 92.0 (0.5) (0.6) (0.4) (0.6) (0.3) (0.4) (0.9) (0.4) (0.5) (0.3) (0.6) (0.6) (0.4) (0.5) (1.5) (0.4) (0.7) (0.7) (0.5) (0.7) (0.5) (0.9) (0.5) (0.6) (0.2) (0.7) (0.5) 83.7 88.7 87.8 80.1 87.9 89.2 63.1 80.4 76.9 88.3 69.8 92.3 89.1 67.8 64.5 82.1 79.5 75.6 85.0 75.7 75.2 62.6 71.7 81.9 95.8 89.5 80.0 (1.1) (0.9) (0.7) (1.1) (0.9) (1.1) (1.2) (0.8) (1.1) (0.9) (1.2) (0.8) (0.8) (1.2) (3.9) (1.0) (1.0) (1.1) (0.8) (1.5) (1.1) (1.3) (1.1) (0.7) (0.5) (0.9) (1.1) 85.3 89.7 92.9 89.7 92.9 92.2 76.7 87.4 87.3 95.2 79.1 82.6 92.8 87.1 77.7 90.1 89.9 81.1 74.7 90.1 89.7 79.3 82.0 82.7 94.0 71.0 80.1 (1.1) (0.9) (0.6) (1.1) (0.5) (0.6) (1.0) (0.7) (1.0) (0.7) (1.0) (1.3) (0.6) (1.0) (3.6) (0.7) (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (0.8) (0.7) (0.9) (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (1.3) (1.0) 90.4 90.3 94.0 89.9 96.4 95.7 83.7 91.2 92.6 96.1 91.0 88.1 93.2 94.0 92.7 93.1 87.2 79.2 82.0 88.8 92.6 76.9 89.4 85.4 97.0 86.7 91.9 (0.8) (0.7) (0.5) (0.9) (0.4) (0.8) (1.0) (0.7) (0.8) (0.4) (0.9) (0.9) (0.6) (0.6) (2.6) (0.5) (1.0) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (0.6) (1.0) (0.6) (0.7) (0.4) (0.8) (0.7) 86.4 88.0 88.9 85.3 90.5 92.9 63.0 83.4 66.4 91.6 67.0 93.8 91.0 74.8 65.1 86.0 77.7 77.4 80.9 80.1 75.3 67.7 72.2 72.8 98.6 90.3 86.0 (0.9) (0.9) (0.7) (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (1.5) (0.9) (1.3) (0.8) (1.5) (0.6) (0.7) (1.1) (3.3) (0.8) (1.2) (1.0) (0.6) (1.2) (0.9) (1.2) (1.3) (0.9) (0.2) (0.7) (0.9) 90.9 95.2 97.2 96.6 96.0 95.8 90.4 96.4 94.5 96.4 90.1 91.7 94.9 94.9 95.5 97.1 97.1 92.3 78.3 96.1 95.2 91.0 91.8 93.6 97.1 77.4 88.3 (0.9) (0.8) (0.3) (0.5) (0.4) (0.7) (0.9) (0.4) (0.5) (0.5) (0.7) (0.6) (0.5) (0.5) (1.6) (0.5) (0.5) (0.8) (0.7) (0.6) (0.6) (0.7) (0.6) (0.4) (0.3) (1.2) (0.8) 93.2 86.6 93.8 93.8 96.9 95.4 78.1 94.3 92.0 96.5 95.1 91.5 93.8 93.9 92.7 94.8 84.8 73.3 80.8 90.4 91.3 73.5 88.7 81.2 98.8 84.7 92.1 (0.6) (0.9) (0.5) (0.8) (0.4) (0.5) (1.5) (0.5) (0.7) (0.3) (0.8) (0.7) (0.5) (0.7) (1.7) (0.5) (1.1) (1.0) (0.7) (0.8) (0.7) (1.2) (0.7) (1.0) (0.2) (0.9) (0.7) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 66 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.8 Index of general interest in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.8 Indice d’intérêt général pour les sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of general interest in science All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -0.22 0.05 0.02 0.11 -0.03 -0.17 -0.25 0.20 0.19 0.19 -0.07 -0.15 -0.14 0.18 -0.13 -0.24 0.14 0.76 -0.35 -0.10 -0.03 0.06 0.16 -0.11 -0.18 -0.13 0.00 0.22 -0.01 0.03 0.09 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.22 0.60 0.51 0.18 0.36 1.15 0.17 0.19 0.19 0.56 -0.21 0.68 0.91 0.16 -0.06 0.35 0.10 0.42 0.28 0.38 0.28 0.26 0.03 0.09 0.79 0.77 0.25 Males S.E. Mean index (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.23 0.08 0.00 0.10 -0.05 -0.17 -0.24 0.23 0.22 0.19 -0.07 -0.09 -0.19 0.18 -0.04 -0.22 0.12 0.74 -0.33 -0.13 0.02 0.04 0.16 -0.09 -0.20 -0.15 0.02 0.22 0.06 0.05 0.10 0.01 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.05) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) 0.14 0.58 0.44 0.12 0.31 1.11 0.12 0.19 0.33 0.55 -0.17 0.64 0.88 0.18 -0.09 0.32 0.20 0.34 0.38 0.36 0.23 0.20 0.10 0.23 0.68 0.74 0.22 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.21 0.03 0.06 0.12 -0.02 -0.18 -0.25 0.18 0.15 0.20 -0.08 -0.21 -0.10 0.18 -0.22 -0.27 0.15 0.78 -0.36 -0.07 -0.09 0.07 0.16 -0.13 -0.16 -0.12 -0.01 0.24 -0.08 0.01 0.07 -0.01 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -0.02 0.05 -0.06 -0.02 -0.03 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.07 -0.01 0.02 0.12 -0.09 0.00 0.18 0.06 -0.03 -0.04 0.04 -0.06 0.10 -0.03 -0.01 0.05 -0.04 -0.03 0.03 -0.02 0.13 0.04 0.03 0.02 (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.08) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) 0.30 0.63 0.58 0.25 0.41 1.18 0.22 0.19 0.06 0.56 -0.25 0.71 0.92 0.15 -0.04 0.37 0.00 0.50 0.20 0.41 0.33 0.32 -0.03 -0.07 0.88 0.80 0.27 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) -0.16 -0.06 -0.14 -0.14 -0.11 -0.07 -0.10 0.00 0.27 -0.01 0.08 -0.07 -0.04 0.03 -0.05 -0.05 0.21 -0.16 0.18 -0.05 -0.10 -0.12 0.12 0.29 -0.20 -0.06 -0.05 Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.02) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.66 -1.07 -1.31 -1.11 -1.08 -1.52 -1.45 -1.04 -0.94 -1.06 -1.10 -1.68 -1.59 -0.82 -1.44 -1.48 -1.12 -0.28 -1.68 -1.42 -1.51 -0.92 -0.90 -1.22 -1.37 -1.47 -1.20 -0.99 -1.19 -1.29 -1.16 -1.23 (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -0.33 -0.13 -0.14 -0.07 -0.20 -0.37 -0.44 -0.02 0.01 -0.02 -0.26 -0.31 -0.25 -0.01 -0.26 -0.35 -0.04 0.50 -0.45 -0.23 -0.18 -0.12 -0.03 -0.28 -0.32 -0.27 -0.15 -0.03 -0.17 -0.16 -0.12 -0.17 (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) 0.17 0.34 0.39 0.44 0.23 0.17 0.05 0.53 0.48 0.51 0.18 0.25 0.26 0.42 0.22 0.08 0.46 1.01 -0.02 0.25 0.35 0.28 0.43 0.19 0.10 0.22 0.32 0.53 0.30 0.37 0.41 0.32 (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.05) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.10) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) -1.02 -0.58 -0.73 -1.05 -0.80 0.04 -0.92 -0.72 -1.03 -0.18 -1.92 -0.47 -0.05 -0.64 -1.45 -0.51 -0.92 -0.86 -1.38 -0.67 -0.59 -0.85 -1.14 -1.20 -0.14 -0.26 -0.94 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.10) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) -0.04 0.32 0.22 -0.03 0.11 0.84 -0.02 0.01 0.00 0.32 -0.43 0.43 0.62 -0.01 -0.18 0.13 -0.10 0.21 0.04 0.13 0.08 0.05 -0.14 -0.08 0.57 0.51 0.03 (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) 0.52 0.83 0.79 0.49 0.65 1.35 0.46 0.40 0.51 0.69 0.22 0.93 1.09 0.34 0.32 0.55 0.34 0.73 0.66 0.58 0.49 0.53 0.35 0.45 0.98 0.99 0.56 Click Here To View The Agreement. Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.94 1.07 1.16 1.17 0.91 1.03 0.86 1.33 1.19 1.35 0.89 1.16 1.00 1.13 0.96 0.77 1.25 1.81 0.77 1.00 1.21 0.98 1.15 0.88 0.86 1.00 1.05 1.38 1.02 1.20 1.22 1.08 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) 1.43 1.84 1.77 1.32 1.47 2.36 1.17 1.06 1.30 1.40 1.28 1.81 1.97 0.97 1.09 1.22 1.08 1.59 1.81 1.50 1.14 1.30 1.07 1.18 1.76 1.87 1.35 (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.06) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 67 3 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.8 Index of general interest in science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.8 Indice d’intérêt général pour les sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Third quarter Mean score OECD Bottom quarter Second quarter Partners Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 491 477 466 502 489 458 525 446 478 444 480 448 468 449 480 482 453 400 494 493 441 478 449 462 459 465 462 396 478 465 466 466 (2.5) (5.5) (4.2) (2.8) (4.8) (3.8) (3.1) (3.8) (4.9) (3.9) (4.0) (3.2) (4.2) (2.5) (4.8) (4.8) (2.7) (3.9) (3.6) (3.1) (3.3) (3.7) (3.8) (4.0) (3.1) (3.2) (3.5) (3.7) (3.6) (3.5) (1.3) (0.7) 511 508 507 531 510 488 555 491 520 468 499 480 500 468 523 505 486 410 515 528 487 488 462 487 477 494 511 419 508 494 495 494 (3.0) (4.3) (2.9) (2.5) (4.3) (4.2) (3.0) (4.2) (3.9) (4.1) (3.3) (3.7) (3.7) (2.8) (3.7) (4.0) (2.5) (3.8) (3.2) (3.8) (3.6) (2.9) (4.0) (3.6) (3.9) (3.5) (3.5) (4.3) (3.2) (4.6) (1.2) (0.7) 544 521 532 550 526 507 573 516 529 481 514 509 529 488 556 536 497 420 535 547 506 504 486 498 501 521 532 434 536 503 505 514 (2.8) (5.0) (2.8) (3.0) (4.3) (3.6) (2.8) (3.7) (4.2) (4.1) (3.7) (3.1) (3.7) (2.6) (3.1) (3.3) (2.8) (2.5) (3.2) (4.1) (4.0) (3.7) (4.6) (4.1) (3.2) (3.5) (3.8) (4.8) (3.4) (5.9) (1.8) (0.7) 564 538 540 561 527 532 602 536 545 503 525 532 542 500 568 567 512 411 557 560 525 523 502 509 520 539 543 450 542 498 500 529 (3.3) (4.9) (3.6) (3.3) (4.9) (4.2) (3.3) (4.4) (4.7) (4.0) (4.2) (3.6) (3.9) (3.0) (4.0) (4.5) (3.2) (3.7) (6.5) (4.5) (3.3) (3.0) (4.0) (4.1) (3.3) (3.8) (3.6) (5.8) (3.8) (7.3) (2.0) (0.8) 27.4 26.0 28.9 23.6 19.9 26.9 31.5 34.7 28.5 21.9 20.4 27.9 29.1 22.7 34.4 33.8 21.3 5.6 24.5 26.2 26.9 18.9 22.1 23.1 24.9 27.4 32.5 20.1 27.8 13.3 13.0 25.1 (1.01) (2.19) (1.77) (1.12) (2.55) (1.56) (1.74) (1.80) (2.38) (1.91) (2.42) (1.36) (1.29) (1.51) (1.71) (2.04) (1.61) (1.81) (2.16) (1.69) (1.32) (1.63) (2.02) (2.63) (1.23) (1.45) (1.53) (1.89) (1.47) (2.47) (0.79) (0.33) 1.7 1.8 2.1 1.7 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.5 2.0 2.0 1.6 2.4 1.9 1.8 1.3 1.6 1.7 2.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.2 1.6 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.8 (0.08) (0.13) (0.11) (0.08) (0.10) (0.12) (0.12) (0.15) (0.12) (0.11) (0.11) (0.13) (0.12) (0.07) (0.12) (0.11) (0.11) (0.07) (0.11) (0.10) (0.16) (0.08) (0.11) (0.09) (0.10) (0.15) (0.10) (0.13) (0.09) (0.11) (0.04) (0.02) 9.0 5.6 9.2 6.1 2.8 9.4 12.0 11.6 6.7 5.8 3.7 11.7 11.4 4.0 12.6 13.0 4.9 0.4 6.8 6.3 11.3 2.9 4.8 4.7 6.9 9.7 9.7 5.5 6.2 1.8 1.6 7.2 (0.66) (0.80) (1.13) (0.60) (0.78) (0.99) (1.21) (1.01) (1.08) (1.02) (0.82) (1.03) (0.96) (0.51) (1.05) (1.22) (0.72) (0.23) (1.27) (0.84) (1.09) (0.47) (0.95) (1.04) (0.64) (1.05) (0.88) (0.85) (0.65) (0.72) (0.21) (0.17) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 390 368 387 411 429 393 470 509 499 378 427 397 336 483 487 462 486 395 333 392 472 419 489 489 403 365 426 (7.7) (3.0) (4.1) (5.4) (4.3) (4.8) (3.2) (3.5) (3.3) (7.3) (5.8) (3.5) (5.1) (4.1) (9.6) (3.8) (2.2) (2.9) (1.8) (4.8) (4.4) (4.0) (2.8) (4.3) (3.0) (3.2) (3.7) 392 385 394 439 440 395 488 531 537 393 461 418 323 489 517 481 501 409 355 421 481 439 516 525 413 379 435 (7.2) (3.8) (4.4) (6.4) (5.3) (5.0) (3.1) (3.2) (4.0) (7.2) (4.6) (3.8) (3.4) (3.7) (10.3) (3.8) (2.9) (3.0) (2.1) (4.9) (4.1) (3.5) (3.7) (4.1) (3.0) (4.0) (3.7) 404 390 397 451 444 392 503 541 560 399 477 436 323 491 540 500 521 414 364 434 479 443 528 550 429 395 431 (6.4) (3.5) (3.8) (7.0) (4.5) (4.3) (3.4) (3.8) (3.1) (5.7) (4.6) (4.2) (3.4) (4.2) (11.1) (3.9) (2.4) (2.6) (2.4) (5.2) (4.5) (4.0) (3.4) (3.7) (3.5) (4.2) (4.3) 388 390 386 447 440 373 512 546 573 405 468 441 314 497 545 509 536 432 355 427 487 443 544 566 439 406 426 (6.7) (3.2) (3.6) (7.5) (6.4) (4.7) (3.5) (3.7) (3.3) (4.9) (5.4) (3.5) (3.6) (4.4) (11.4) (3.8) (2.6) (2.9) (2.6) (4.8) (4.9) (4.1) (3.4) (4.0) (3.2) (4.7) (4.4) -1.5 7.3 0.1 11.5 4.7 -8.2 19.5 17.4 28.9 13.9 14.0 16.6 -9.6 7.7 19.8 23.7 23.4 12.4 4.8 11.4 8.0 7.3 24.1 28.1 17.8 16.6 0.7 (2.28) (1.24) (1.38) (2.31) (1.73) (1.95) (1.83) (1.95) (1.41) (3.07) (2.02) (1.72) (2.21) (2.81) (4.77) (2.34) (1.63) (1.40) (0.84) (2.28) (2.52) (1.68) (2.02) (1.32) (1.96) (1.76) (2.01) 1.0 1.6 1.0 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.6 1.5 2.0 1.5 1.5 1.6 0.9 1.1 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.7 1.2 1.4 1.6 2.2 1.5 1.4 1.0 (0.11) (0.13) (0.07) (0.11) (0.08) (0.10) (0.09) (0.11) (0.14) (0.08) (0.14) (0.10) (0.08) (0.08) (0.35) (0.09) (0.13) (0.12) (0.08) (0.14) (0.08) (0.09) (0.08) (0.12) (0.09) (0.13) (0.08) 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.2 0.2 0.8 3.9 2.5 9.7 1.7 2.7 3.2 0.9 0.4 4.9 3.6 6.4 2.5 0.6 1.6 0.4 0.6 5.0 9.1 3.3 3.2 0.0 (0.08) (0.62) (0.03) (0.47) (0.17) (0.39) (0.73) (0.54) (0.88) (0.89) (0.78) (0.66) (0.42) (0.29) (2.30) (0.66) (0.85) (0.57) (0.20) (0.59) (0.27) (0.28) (0.83) (0.80) (0.73) (0.60) (0.05) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 68 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.9 Index of enjoyment of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.9 Indice du plaisir apporté par les sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of enjoyment of science All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -0.08 -0.21 -0.01 0.17 -0.06 -0.07 0.11 0.14 -0.09 0.08 0.19 -0.03 -0.18 0.12 -0.26 -0.17 -0.04 0.64 -0.32 -0.01 -0.01 -0.25 0.31 -0.01 -0.14 -0.10 -0.06 0.41 -0.08 -0.03 0.03 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.02 0.76 0.39 0.39 0.26 0.81 0.10 0.02 0.38 0.77 -0.04 0.80 0.94 0.00 -0.22 0.21 0.41 0.27 0.37 0.45 0.13 0.08 -0.13 0.17 0.73 1.02 0.09 Males S.E. Mean index (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.03 -0.19 0.03 0.22 -0.15 -0.07 0.02 0.22 -0.01 0.18 0.14 0.07 -0.21 0.16 -0.01 -0.04 -0.07 0.62 -0.19 0.04 0.11 -0.31 0.30 0.00 -0.15 -0.10 -0.02 0.40 0.03 0.06 0.10 0.03 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.05) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) -0.07 0.70 0.32 0.32 0.26 0.78 0.05 -0.04 0.54 0.75 -0.03 0.83 0.87 -0.05 -0.18 0.12 0.52 0.22 0.47 0.43 0.09 0.09 -0.16 0.38 0.72 1.03 -0.02 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -0.12 -0.24 -0.05 0.13 0.06 -0.08 0.20 0.06 -0.17 -0.02 0.25 -0.13 -0.15 0.08 -0.51 -0.30 -0.01 0.65 -0.46 -0.05 -0.13 -0.19 0.33 -0.02 -0.12 -0.10 -0.10 0.43 -0.19 -0.12 -0.04 -0.04 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.09 0.04 0.08 0.09 -0.21 0.01 -0.18 0.16 0.15 0.20 -0.10 0.20 -0.06 0.08 0.50 0.26 -0.06 -0.03 0.27 0.10 0.24 -0.12 -0.03 0.02 -0.03 0.01 0.07 -0.03 0.22 0.19 0.14 0.07 (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.09) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) 0.10 0.81 0.44 0.46 0.25 0.82 0.15 0.08 0.21 0.79 -0.05 0.77 1.01 0.04 -0.25 0.29 0.31 0.32 0.28 0.48 0.16 0.06 -0.10 -0.07 0.74 1.01 0.19 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) -0.17 -0.11 -0.12 -0.14 0.01 -0.04 -0.09 -0.12 0.33 -0.04 0.02 0.05 -0.14 -0.09 0.07 -0.17 0.21 -0.10 0.20 -0.05 -0.07 0.03 -0.06 0.46 -0.02 0.02 -0.21 Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.39 -1.57 -1.25 -1.17 -1.13 -1.26 -1.03 -1.12 -1.42 -1.22 -0.95 -1.46 -1.50 -0.97 -1.50 -1.36 -1.43 -0.29 -1.43 -1.26 -1.39 -1.33 -0.66 -1.00 -1.34 -1.36 -1.31 -0.87 -1.24 -1.29 -1.24 -1.22 (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.39 -0.65 -0.31 -0.11 -0.35 -0.43 -0.13 -0.15 -0.52 -0.23 -0.08 -0.43 -0.47 -0.13 -0.67 -0.56 -0.43 0.40 -0.68 -0.29 -0.33 -0.62 0.05 -0.30 -0.43 -0.50 -0.44 0.15 -0.34 -0.34 -0.30 -0.32 (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.29 0.08 0.29 0.47 0.17 0.20 0.45 0.43 0.21 0.38 0.46 0.36 0.17 0.41 -0.01 0.08 0.30 0.92 -0.06 0.34 0.36 -0.01 0.55 0.20 0.14 0.24 0.22 0.73 0.22 0.28 0.35 0.30 (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.13) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) -1.21 -0.40 -0.64 -0.63 -0.92 -0.22 -1.03 -1.02 -0.77 -0.09 -1.61 -0.37 -0.06 -0.85 -1.51 -0.80 -0.64 -0.97 -1.11 -0.56 -0.82 -1.05 -1.34 -0.98 -0.13 -0.10 -1.08 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) -0.25 0.57 0.07 0.17 -0.08 0.60 -0.17 -0.27 0.14 0.55 -0.44 0.60 0.76 -0.20 -0.70 -0.04 0.21 0.01 0.13 0.24 -0.16 -0.19 -0.47 -0.16 0.52 0.92 -0.15 (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) 0.34 1.11 0.68 0.63 0.56 1.09 0.35 0.25 0.62 0.98 0.38 1.16 1.25 0.17 0.09 0.41 0.64 0.64 0.78 0.69 0.38 0.34 0.19 0.44 0.97 1.36 0.36 Click Here To View The Agreement. Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 1.19 1.28 1.22 1.50 1.07 1.19 1.16 1.41 1.39 1.39 1.35 1.43 1.09 1.16 1.13 1.16 1.42 1.53 0.88 1.19 1.34 0.96 1.31 1.07 1.09 1.22 1.29 1.65 1.03 1.23 1.31 1.24 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.04) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) 1.21 1.74 1.45 1.40 1.46 1.75 1.24 1.12 1.53 1.64 1.52 1.81 1.83 0.87 1.27 1.26 1.45 1.38 1.70 1.45 1.11 1.21 1.10 1.36 1.56 1.88 1.22 (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.06) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 69 3 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.9 Index of enjoyment of science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.9 Indice du plaisir apporté par les sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Third quarter Mean score OECD Bottom quarter Second quarter Partners Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 474 478 472 493 487 464 524 459 476 446 474 434 461 449 487 482 452 407 496 483 440 489 444 469 451 461 470 398 470 452 467 465 (2.4) (4.5) (4.1) (2.9) (4.9) (3.9) (3.1) (4.2) (5.2) (4.5) (3.6) (2.8) (4.4) (2.6) (4.7) (4.6) (2.6) (3.7) (3.8) (2.9) (3.6) (3.5) (3.9) (4.0) (2.7) (3.7) (3.1) (3.1) (3.6) (2.9) (1.2) (0.7) 507 499 497 523 505 479 559 481 506 462 501 475 495 469 520 498 477 410 506 510 475 483 467 481 473 493 499 416 497 480 487 488 (2.49) (4.02) (3.75) (2.67) (4.72) (4.57) (3.07) (4.06) (4.36) (3.63) (3.84) (3.71) (3.54) (2.72) (3.50) (3.74) (3.25) (3.40) (3.56) (4.21) (3.09) (3.91) (3.87) (4.65) (2.99) (3.18) (3.50) (4.25) (3.10) (4.35) (1.38) (0.68) 545 522 528 548 522 503 575 505 530 484 510 510 525 486 545 535 494 407 535 551 509 497 479 496 501 517 520 426 528 501 499 511 (2.82) (4.50) (3.44) (2.49) (3.95) (4.03) (3.60) (4.24) (4.05) (3.54) (3.65) (3.38) (4.30) (2.91) (4.08) (3.54) (2.73) (2.83) (3.93) (3.64) (3.63) (3.46) (4.50) (4.53) (3.25) (3.81) (3.64) (5.25) (3.21) (5.65) (1.56) (0.70) 583 546 546 581 537 539 596 541 559 503 531 549 557 499 574 574 523 416 564 583 532 523 508 508 530 546 558 455 567 526 513 539 (3.4) (6.0) (4.0) (3.3) (4.9) (4.9) (3.1) (4.2) (4.5) (4.3) (4.4) (3.3) (3.6) (3.3) (3.6) (4.5) (3.3) (4.2) (4.2) (4.1) (3.8) (3.4) (3.7) (4.6) (3.3) (3.6) (4.5) (6.2) (3.4) (7.6) (2.1) (0.8) 41.8 25.0 31.2 32.6 21.7 31.3 32.1 33.2 30.8 22.3 24.3 39.8 36.8 24.4 33.4 36.7 24.9 4.7 29.6 40.3 34.5 14.9 31.0 18.2 32.4 32.6 34.7 22.3 42.9 30.1 19.8 29.7 (1.07) (1.90) (2.16) (1.04) (2.21) (1.63) (1.57) (1.81) (1.78) (1.49) (2.04) (1.37) (1.43) (1.72) (1.71) (1.94) (1.35) (2.05) (1.75) (1.44) (1.26) (1.51) (2.09) (2.74) (1.24) (1.64) (1.42) (2.09) (1.73) (2.47) (0.74) (0.32) 2.2 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.5 1.6 2.1 1.7 1.9 1.5 1.8 2.6 2.2 1.5 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.0 1.5 1.9 2.2 1.0 1.7 1.4 1.8 2.1 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.8 (0.09) (0.12) (0.13) (0.07) (0.09) (0.10) (0.11) (0.12) (0.13) (0.10) (0.12) (0.18) (0.16) (0.08) (0.12) (0.12) (0.11) (0.07) (0.12) (0.12) (0.13) (0.08) (0.12) (0.10) (0.09) (0.16) (0.09) (0.14) (0.10) (0.13) (0.03) (0.02) 18.7 8.0 9.3 13.0 3.8 10.8 11.2 10.5 11.4 6.2 6.3 22.0 16.2 4.8 12.2 16.7 8.2 0.2 8.3 13.8 15.7 2.4 7.6 2.7 11.9 13.2 12.7 6.9 13.5 8.2 3.7 10.2 (0.90) (1.25) (1.28) (0.79) (0.80) (1.08) (1.07) (1.09) (1.14) (0.83) (1.01) (1.38) (1.12) (0.67) (1.11) (1.50) (0.87) (0.16) (0.98) (1.03) (0.98) (0.48) (1.04) (0.76) (0.85) (1.23) (0.99) (1.05) (1.02) (1.42) (0.28) (0.19) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 389 382 391 420 422 396 476 509 496 393 417 403 347 482 490 467 483 420 331 407 470 446 504 498 406 372 424 (7.3) (3.5) (3.6) (6.0) (4.5) (4.4) (3.0) (3.5) (3.3) (8.1) (4.7) (3.6) (4.9) (4.2) (10.8) (3.6) (2.4) (3.1) (1.9) (4.5) (5.0) (3.6) (2.7) (3.7) (2.6) (3.0) (4.0) 408 385 397 444 431 391 489 527 537 388 457 416 325 482 496 483 507 416 351 427 477 441 512 525 407 376 429 (6.55) (4.04) (4.26) (6.35) (4.71) (4.48) (2.99) (3.53) (3.58) (5.91) (4.38) (3.36) (3.24) (3.85) (10.23) (3.52) (2.81) (3.06) (2.31) (5.76) (4.18) (3.41) (3.58) (4.50) (2.80) (4.32) (3.99) 391 381 383 436 441 383 499 538 553 393 473 426 314 494 541 489 514 407 360 416 482 432 522 538 426 385 432 (6.84) (3.02) (3.74) (7.29) (4.90) (4.54) (3.42) (3.47) (3.56) (5.79) (4.57) (3.94) (3.56) (3.59) (9.58) (4.11) (3.16) (2.78) (2.08) (5.00) (3.93) (3.82) (3.68) (4.42) (3.57) (4.33) (4.06) 384 383 392 445 459 384 509 553 584 401 484 445 307 501 566 514 540 407 364 426 488 426 538 570 444 410 431 (6.6) (3.2) (3.9) (7.8) (6.9) (5.6) (3.8) (4.1) (3.3) (5.0) (6.2) (4.5) (4.1) (4.2) (9.4) (4.0) (2.6) (3.3) (2.2) (5.5) (6.0) (4.7) (4.0) (4.0) (3.7) (4.7) (4.7) -1.4 0.9 0.5 12.1 16.2 -5.9 13.8 20.2 36.0 5.1 22.1 18.8 -18.8 12.1 29.0 21.8 26.0 -4.4 12.5 8.3 10.9 -8.8 15.0 28.9 23.6 14.7 3.4 (2.87) (1.49) (1.86) (2.89) (2.05) (2.70) (1.72) (1.85) (1.45) (3.55) (1.92) (2.07) (2.66) (2.66) (4.87) (1.77) (1.58) (1.79) (0.84) (2.43) (2.31) (1.83) (1.86) (1.53) (2.00) (1.83) (2.08) 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.3 1.2 0.9 1.4 1.5 2.2 1.0 1.7 1.4 0.7 1.1 1.7 1.4 1.8 0.7 1.4 1.1 1.2 0.8 1.3 1.8 1.3 1.2 1.0 (0.11) (0.09) (0.06) (0.10) (0.09) (0.08) (0.09) (0.10) (0.15) (0.09) (0.13) (0.10) (0.07) (0.08) (0.42) (0.09) (0.12) (0.07) (0.08) (0.09) (0.08) (0.06) (0.08) (0.10) (0.08) (0.08) (0.08) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 2.7 0.3 2.1 4.3 12.4 0.3 5.8 3.3 2.9 1.0 11.0 3.9 7.5 0.3 2.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 2.2 8.0 4.2 2.1 0.1 (0.10) (0.07) (0.03) (0.42) (0.65) (0.28) (0.52) (0.80) (0.86) (0.37) (1.02) (0.70) (0.77) (0.43) (3.33) (0.60) (0.89) (0.22) (0.35) (0.38) (0.39) (0.35) (0.56) (0.77) (0.68) (0.49) (0.15) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 70 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.10 Index of instrumental motivation to learn science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.10 Indice de motivation instrumentale pour l’apprentissage des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of instrumental motivation to learn science All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 0.11 -0.40 -0.22 0.32 -0.24 0.04 -0.22 -0.07 -0.07 0.08 -0.07 0.09 0.15 0.12 -0.43 -0.26 -0.15 0.54 -0.22 0.17 -0.16 0.16 0.47 -0.19 0.06 -0.05 -0.25 0.34 0.17 0.29 0.11 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.44 0.55 0.48 0.36 0.52 0.65 0.05 0.06 0.16 0.76 -0.37 0.80 0.84 0.01 -0.32 0.37 0.39 0.45 0.52 0.40 0.21 0.11 0.06 0.27 0.72 0.84 0.19 Males S.E. Mean index (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.11 -0.29 -0.18 0.28 -0.30 0.00 -0.28 -0.02 0.01 0.21 -0.06 0.13 0.04 0.19 -0.33 -0.18 -0.18 0.52 -0.22 0.15 -0.15 0.11 0.37 -0.19 0.10 -0.04 -0.20 0.30 0.23 0.28 0.13 0.01 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) 0.43 0.53 0.44 0.31 0.48 0.62 0.02 0.06 0.28 0.72 -0.30 0.73 0.78 0.01 -0.14 0.40 0.43 0.42 0.53 0.37 0.28 0.13 0.06 0.44 0.63 0.78 0.14 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.10 -0.51 -0.26 0.36 -0.15 0.08 -0.15 -0.12 -0.16 -0.04 -0.09 0.04 0.27 0.04 -0.54 -0.34 -0.11 0.55 -0.23 0.20 -0.17 0.21 0.56 -0.18 0.01 -0.07 -0.31 0.38 0.11 0.29 0.09 -0.01 (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.02 0.22 0.08 -0.08 -0.15 -0.08 -0.13 0.10 0.17 0.25 0.03 0.09 -0.23 0.15 0.21 0.15 -0.08 -0.03 0.00 -0.04 0.02 -0.10 -0.19 -0.01 0.09 0.02 0.11 -0.08 0.12 -0.01 0.04 0.02 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.08) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) 0.44 0.57 0.52 0.41 0.56 0.67 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.80 -0.44 0.88 0.90 0.00 -0.48 0.34 0.34 0.47 0.51 0.43 0.15 0.09 0.06 0.09 0.78 0.89 0.24 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) -0.01 -0.04 -0.08 -0.10 -0.07 -0.05 -0.05 0.01 0.23 -0.08 0.14 -0.15 -0.12 0.01 0.34 0.07 0.09 -0.05 0.02 -0.06 0.13 0.03 0.00 0.35 -0.14 -0.10 -0.10 Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.22 -1.71 -1.40 -1.01 -1.26 -1.12 -1.26 -1.40 -1.34 -1.12 -1.11 -1.32 -1.18 -0.93 -1.74 -1.40 -1.49 -0.46 -1.45 -1.07 -1.32 -0.90 -0.77 -1.22 -1.25 -1.26 -1.43 -0.93 -0.98 -0.86 -1.14 -1.20 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.29 -0.78 -0.56 -0.02 -0.51 -0.34 -0.53 -0.44 -0.47 -0.25 -0.39 -0.32 -0.22 -0.18 -0.78 -0.58 -0.54 0.32 -0.56 -0.21 -0.49 -0.12 0.26 -0.49 -0.31 -0.40 -0.61 0.12 -0.19 0.02 -0.23 -0.33 (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.39 -0.15 0.09 0.62 0.01 0.27 0.00 0.23 0.20 0.40 0.19 0.41 0.46 0.37 -0.17 0.03 0.13 0.76 0.07 0.44 0.14 0.37 0.68 0.08 0.37 0.23 -0.01 0.61 0.39 0.48 0.41 0.27 (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.11) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) -0.68 -0.58 -0.55 -0.68 -0.77 -0.41 -1.15 -0.87 -1.03 -0.04 -1.70 -0.20 -0.15 -0.86 -1.55 -0.64 -0.61 -0.80 -0.76 -0.61 -0.78 -1.08 -1.05 -0.80 0.03 -0.28 -1.01 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.04) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) 0.21 0.29 0.25 0.17 0.21 0.35 -0.23 -0.24 -0.06 0.44 -0.78 0.60 0.62 -0.28 -0.68 0.10 0.24 0.22 0.26 0.23 -0.06 -0.19 -0.21 0.07 0.37 0.66 -0.12 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) 0.68 0.89 0.69 0.52 0.91 0.97 0.35 0.24 0.38 0.98 -0.13 1.11 1.17 0.22 -0.08 0.55 0.46 0.75 0.90 0.60 0.43 0.42 0.34 0.41 0.88 1.20 0.45 Click Here To View The Agreement. Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 1.54 1.05 1.01 1.70 0.82 1.34 0.92 1.31 1.33 1.29 1.01 1.58 1.55 1.21 0.96 0.92 1.31 1.53 1.05 1.54 1.04 1.28 1.71 0.88 1.43 1.21 1.05 1.54 1.46 1.51 1.40 1.27 (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) 1.54 1.60 1.54 1.42 1.73 1.68 1.21 1.09 1.36 1.67 1.15 1.70 1.73 0.96 1.05 1.47 1.46 1.62 1.70 1.38 1.27 1.29 1.17 1.40 1.58 1.76 1.44 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.06) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 71 3 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.10 Index of instrumental motivation to learn science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.10 Indice de motivation instrumentale pour l’apprentissage des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Third quarter Mean score OECD Bottom quarter Second quarter Partners Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 494 503 502 514 511 482 530 470 510 472 510 456 480 461 498 499 481 416 521 504 462 504 437 484 471 479 493 413 491 482 489 484 (3.0) (4.2) (4.2) (2.9) (4.8) (4.1) (2.8) (3.7) (4.2) (4.0) (3.8) (3.2) (3.7) (2.6) (4.0) (4.7) (2.7) (3.2) (3.8) (3.3) (3.4) (3.5) (4.0) (4.5) (2.6) (3.2) (4.2) (3.6) (3.7) (4.3) (1.2) (0.7) 528 521 527 528 521 495 555 491 522 464 506 483 511 471 519 515 491 412 521 528 490 497 459 493 479 499 517 417 512 479 491 498 (3.2) (4.1) (3.1) (3.1) (4.6) (3.8) (3.2) (3.8) (4.1) (4.6) (4.0) (3.5) (4.2) (2.8) (3.8) (3.5) (3.5) (2.9) (3.5) (3.5) (3.9) (3.8) (4.2) (3.4) (3.4) (3.2) (3.8) (4.5) (3.5) (6.3) (1.7) (0.7) 536 518 530 540 518 493 573 499 520 472 495 500 522 476 544 524 481 406 522 535 497 487 468 491 488 509 517 422 510 480 482 502 (3.1) (6.0) (3.7) (3.1) (4.9) (4.6) (3.3) (4.7) (5.2) (4.3) (3.6) (3.5) (4.4) (2.8) (4.2) (3.8) (3.6) (3.2) (5.0) (4.4) (3.2) (3.2) (4.9) (3.9) (3.6) (3.3) (3.7) (4.7) (3.1) (5.0) (1.6) (0.7) 581 520 540 578 526 528 599 541 542 490 510 540 550 489 570 551 502 415 556 584 516 506 524 495 523 542 541 453 556 520 510 530 (2.7) (7.3) (4.6) (2.4) (4.9) (3.7) (3.4) (4.8) (5.4) (4.0) (4.7) (3.5) (4.3) (3.6) (4.2) (5.9) (3.1) (3.9) (5.8) (3.6) (3.3) (3.3) (3.7) (5.1) (3.5) (3.8) (5.6) (6.0) (3.3) (5.3) (2.0) (0.8) 29.5 5.6 17.0 22.8 6.4 17.6 30.5 25.5 12.2 9.9 1.9 28.1 24.8 14.2 27.5 23.3 7.6 -1.1 14.0 29.2 22.2 2.8 32.9 5.0 19.6 25.9 19.6 15.6 26.1 18.1 9.3 17.8 (0.94) (2.68) (1.97) (1.06) (2.36) (1.82) (1.54) (1.83) (1.50) (1.68) (2.61) (1.56) (1.48) (1.73) (1.62) (2.73) (1.37) (1.44) (1.59) (1.53) (1.52) (1.39) (1.65) (2.45) (1.12) (1.59) (1.76) (1.92) (1.50) (2.01) (0.70) (0.33) 1.8 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.8 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.8 1.8 1.8 1.1 1.7 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.5 0.8 1.6 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.3 (0.08) (0.09) (0.09) (0.07) (0.10) (0.10) (0.13) (0.10) (0.07) (0.07) (0.08) (0.10) (0.11) (0.06) (0.11) (0.10) (0.07) (0.06) (0.07) (0.09) (0.09) (0.06) (0.13) (0.10) (0.08) (0.11) (0.08) (0.08) (0.09) (0.09) (0.03) (0.02) 9.9 0.4 2.9 6.4 0.3 3.5 10.2 7.4 1.7 1.1 0.0 10.7 7.9 1.6 8.6 6.0 0.7 0.0 2.2 7.7 5.2 0.1 11.8 0.2 5.2 7.7 3.7 3.4 5.5 2.5 0.8 4.5 (0.57) (0.39) (0.63) (0.55) (0.24) (0.69) (1.02) (1.02) (0.42) (0.37) (0.10) (1.10) (0.92) (0.40) (0.96) (1.38) (0.26) (0.04) (0.52) (0.83) (0.70) (0.07) (1.14) (0.22) (0.60) (0.95) (0.68) (0.73) (0.65) (0.58) (0.12) (0.13) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 413 388 407 456 445 405 494 534 537 398 496 398 351 491 509 490 494 428 338 419 499 447 518 523 410 367 442 (6.5) (3.9) (4.5) (6.1) (4.6) (4.8) (3.2) (3.4) (4.5) (9.2) (5.0) (3.7) (4.7) (3.8) (10.3) (4.0) (3.0) (2.5) (2.1) (6.4) (4.5) (3.4) (3.2) (3.9) (3.6) (3.5) (3.8) 399 383 394 435 430 393 506 531 553 396 475 419 326 493 527 481 500 417 345 415 480 442 520 525 411 379 435 (6.4) (3.6) (3.6) (6.7) (4.4) (3.5) (3.6) (3.5) (4.4) (8.7) (5.0) (3.7) (3.7) (3.2) (10.8) (4.3) (4.1) (2.7) (2.3) (4.2) (4.1) (3.5) (3.0) (4.2) (2.4) (3.9) (3.8) 397 383 385 432 432 384 502 529 544 386 446 428 314 490 511 483 507 409 354 418 472 428 520 522 413 389 422 (6.7) (3.6) (4.5) (7.3) (5.4) (5.7) (3.6) (3.8) (3.9) (4.1) (4.6) (3.7) (3.8) (4.8) (14.6) (4.2) (3.6) (3.1) (1.9) (4.6) (3.9) (3.9) (4.1) (4.9) (3.1) (3.9) (4.0) 396 384 392 436 460 384 497 534 589 400 432 452 323 487 543 502 533 405 373 425 471 428 538 560 449 420 435 (8.2) (3.6) (3.8) (7.2) (6.0) (5.1) (4.1) (4.0) (3.7) (4.1) (5.4) (4.1) (3.5) (4.8) (10.8) (3.9) (3.5) (2.8) (2.5) (5.8) (5.3) (4.7) (3.8) (3.8) (3.3) (4.4) (4.4) -5.6 -1.7 -5.5 -6.5 4.7 -9.6 2.4 2.6 19.1 0.1 -22.4 25.6 -18.3 -1.2 13.6 6.5 19.7 -9.4 13.8 4.1 -11.1 -7.7 10.2 17.4 23.3 20.8 -2.8 (2.87) (1.76) (1.93) (2.76) (2.06) (2.90) (1.87) (2.13) (1.81) (4.80) (2.08) (1.99) (2.40) (2.22) (4.90) (1.95) (2.21) (1.34) (1.23) (2.53) (2.09) (1.82) (2.03) (1.40) (2.06) (1.82) (1.64) 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.1 0.9 1.3 0.9 0.6 1.7 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.3 0.7 1.4 1.1 0.6 0.7 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.4 0.7 (0.07) (0.08) (0.07) (0.07) (0.08) (0.10) (0.08) (0.08) (0.15) (0.08) (0.06) (0.10) (0.08) (0.08) (0.28) (0.07) (0.11) (0.07) (0.08) (0.12) (0.06) (0.07) (0.08) (0.07) (0.10) (0.13) (0.07) 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.1 0.1 4.0 0.0 5.0 4.8 2.8 0.0 2.0 0.4 3.7 1.3 2.5 0.2 1.0 0.7 0.9 2.5 3.7 4.3 0.1 (0.26) (0.15) (0.18) (0.22) (0.23) (0.49) (0.11) (0.11) (0.77) (0.15) (0.88) (0.72) (0.70) (0.06) (1.40) (0.21) (0.83) (0.36) (0.44) (0.20) (0.38) (0.34) (0.34) (0.40) (0.67) (0.64) (0.09) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 72 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.11 Index of future-oriented motivation to learn science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.11 Indice de motivation prospective pour l’apprentissage des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of future-oriented motivation to learn science All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -0.07 -0.33 -0.03 0.20 -0.12 -0.17 -0.17 -0.03 -0.15 0.15 0.07 -0.02 -0.05 0.20 -0.24 -0.25 -0.05 0.60 -0.24 0.00 -0.22 0.16 0.27 0.08 0.08 -0.21 -0.22 0.65 -0.12 0.20 0.11 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.31 0.68 0.46 0.38 0.24 0.74 0.22 -0.09 0.29 0.81 0.31 1.07 1.03 -0.09 -0.30 0.12 0.17 0.32 0.60 0.55 0.33 0.28 0.01 0.14 0.86 1.07 0.14 Males S.E. Mean index (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) -0.03 -0.29 0.05 0.22 -0.21 -0.21 -0.22 0.06 -0.05 0.33 0.07 0.13 -0.10 0.30 -0.02 -0.11 -0.04 0.65 -0.11 0.03 -0.15 0.09 0.29 0.03 0.13 -0.18 -0.17 0.70 -0.03 0.27 0.18 0.05 (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) 0.32 0.69 0.48 0.33 0.24 0.75 0.20 -0.12 0.46 0.77 0.39 1.14 1.01 -0.09 -0.21 0.09 0.27 0.32 0.78 0.55 0.37 0.34 -0.01 0.39 0.84 1.10 0.08 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.12 -0.37 -0.12 0.19 0.00 -0.14 -0.12 -0.12 -0.26 -0.02 0.08 -0.17 0.00 0.10 -0.46 -0.39 -0.06 0.55 -0.37 -0.02 -0.30 0.22 0.25 0.14 0.02 -0.25 -0.27 0.59 -0.20 0.13 0.03 -0.05 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.09 0.08 0.18 0.03 -0.21 -0.08 -0.11 0.18 0.21 0.35 -0.02 0.30 -0.09 0.20 0.44 0.28 0.02 0.10 0.26 0.05 0.16 -0.13 0.04 -0.11 0.12 0.07 0.10 0.11 0.18 0.13 0.15 0.10 (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) 0.31 0.68 0.44 0.43 0.24 0.73 0.23 -0.06 0.12 0.85 0.22 1.00 1.04 -0.09 -0.37 0.16 0.06 0.33 0.43 0.54 0.29 0.22 0.02 -0.14 0.87 1.04 0.20 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) 0.00 0.01 0.05 -0.11 0.00 0.01 -0.03 -0.06 0.34 -0.08 0.17 0.14 -0.03 0.00 0.16 -0.08 0.20 -0.02 0.35 0.02 0.08 0.11 -0.03 0.53 -0.03 0.06 -0.12 Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.39 -1.42 -1.32 -1.22 -1.32 -1.42 -1.33 -1.35 -1.39 -1.22 -1.07 -1.36 -1.36 -0.99 -1.42 -1.42 -1.39 -0.43 -1.42 -1.32 -1.42 -1.03 -1.02 -1.04 -1.30 -1.42 -1.37 -0.70 -1.37 -1.10 -1.24 -1.24 (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) -0.40 -0.86 -0.29 -0.14 -0.20 -0.49 -0.32 -0.42 -0.60 -0.09 -0.10 -0.31 -0.34 -0.06 -0.64 -0.57 -0.43 0.35 -0.50 -0.25 -0.61 -0.05 -0.03 -0.05 -0.25 -0.57 -0.68 0.35 -0.41 -0.05 -0.16 -0.30 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) 0.24 -0.07 0.22 0.58 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.28 0.14 0.43 0.25 0.28 0.27 0.48 0.02 -0.01 0.26 0.91 0.01 0.30 0.04 0.40 0.60 0.17 0.38 0.06 0.06 1.05 0.15 0.53 0.41 0.27 (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.10) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) -1.03 -0.51 -0.67 -0.77 -1.06 -0.38 -0.85 -1.19 -0.82 -0.06 -1.26 -0.01 0.01 -1.17 -1.36 -0.89 -0.80 -0.98 -0.87 -0.49 -0.58 -0.93 -1.20 -1.04 -0.07 -0.04 -1.25 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) 0.05 0.40 0.13 0.07 -0.03 0.43 -0.05 -0.32 -0.05 0.64 -0.02 0.89 0.89 -0.18 -0.76 -0.05 -0.05 0.00 0.35 0.27 0.04 0.02 -0.24 -0.05 0.75 0.89 -0.14 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) 0.70 1.07 0.78 0.73 0.55 1.03 0.45 0.15 0.58 1.03 0.78 1.36 1.30 0.07 -0.05 0.26 0.33 0.71 1.03 0.87 0.57 0.57 0.24 0.33 1.08 1.39 0.45 Click Here To View The Agreement. Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 1.26 1.03 1.27 1.59 1.00 1.16 0.93 1.36 1.25 1.48 1.22 1.30 1.25 1.36 1.08 0.99 1.38 1.57 0.96 1.27 1.10 1.31 1.51 1.25 1.47 1.09 1.11 1.91 1.17 1.43 1.40 1.27 (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) 1.53 1.78 1.59 1.49 1.51 1.87 1.32 1.00 1.44 1.62 1.72 2.04 1.92 0.92 1.00 1.18 1.19 1.57 1.89 1.54 1.28 1.47 1.24 1.31 1.66 2.04 1.52 (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.06) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 73 3 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.11 Index of future-oriented motivation to learn science and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.11 Indice de motivation prospective pour l’apprentissage des sciences et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Third quarter Mean score OECD Bottom quarter Second quarter Partners Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 490 490 489 508 510 481 531 469 499 469 504 452 474 469 500 501 472 422 507 501 461 503 455 494 468 472 486 417 485 478 487 482 (2.5) (3.7) (3.2) (2.8) (4.4) (3.5) (2.8) (3.6) (5.4) (3.7) (3.8) (3.1) (3.8) (2.5) (4.5) (3.8) (2.7) (2.9) (3.4) (3.1) (3.5) (3.4) (4.0) (3.5) (2.6) (3.1) (3.6) (3.5) (3.3) (4.0) (1.2) (0.6) 520 508 505 518 516 491 556 486 520 465 497 485 500 465 523 520 484 416 526 518 494 489 447 483 475 507 510 418 510 472 488 494 (2.6) (4.4) (3.1) (2.4) (4.4) (4.3) (3.4) (3.6) (4.0) (3.8) (3.8) (3.1) (4.2) (2.3) (3.9) (3.5) (2.6) (2.7) (4.0) (4.7) (3.4) (2.9) (4.0) (4.1) (3.2) (3.0) (3.1) (3.6) (3.4) (3.8) (1.1) (0.7) 528 511 514 547 512 487 562 492 522 469 500 496 512 480 532 507 487 409 520 534 498 493 482 477 487 497 510 414 507 496 492 499 (2.8) (4.5) (3.1) (2.7) (4.6) (4.0) (3.1) (4.5) (4.3) (4.6) (4.2) (3.6) (4.0) (3.0) (4.1) (4.4) (2.6) (3.7) (3.6) (4.1) (3.5) (3.3) (3.8) (4.5) (3.7) (4.1) (3.3) (4.4) (3.1) (5.0) (1.5) (0.7) 574 540 556 573 536 531 606 547 553 496 518 536 554 493 573 562 507 396 567 577 512 508 516 507 528 545 542 452 564 514 504 533 (3.3) (6.6) (3.7) (3.2) (6.2) (4.6) (2.9) (5.1) (5.2) (4.6) (5.7) (4.2) (4.5) (3.5) (4.3) (5.9) (3.2) (4.7) (5.8) (4.7) (3.9) (3.6) (3.8) (4.4) (3.2) (4.0) (5.4) (6.9) (4.0) (7.3) (2.3) (0.9) 30.2 19.1 25.1 25.0 10.0 20.3 32.4 27.2 20.3 10.4 9.0 30.9 28.6 12.4 28.6 23.2 13.3 -11.0 23.8 29.5 18.2 3.7 25.9 5.3 22.7 25.5 22.5 11.3 29.2 17.9 8.3 19.7 (1.04) (2.46) (1.55) (1.09) (2.25) (1.50) (1.45) (1.83) (1.33) (1.61) (2.75) (1.80) (1.58) (1.58) (1.85) (2.63) (1.45) (2.32) (2.16) (1.61) (1.50) (1.43) (1.51) (2.17) (1.18) (1.48) (2.05) (2.09) (1.63) (2.09) (0.74) (0.33) 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.0 0.9 1.9 1.8 1.0 1.6 1.3 1.2 0.7 1.4 1.4 1.5 0.8 1.3 0.8 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.0 1.5 1.1 0.9 1.3 (0.08) (0.11) (0.07) (0.07) (0.09) (0.08) (0.11) (0.10) (0.11) (0.07) (0.09) (0.12) (0.10) (0.05) (0.10) (0.08) (0.08) (0.07) (0.08) (0.09) (0.09) (0.06) (0.08) (0.06) (0.08) (0.11) (0.07) (0.09) (0.09) (0.08) (0.02) (0.02) 9.7 3.7 6.6 8.2 0.9 4.9 10.6 8.1 4.7 1.4 0.8 10.6 9.3 1.4 8.1 5.8 2.2 1.2 5.6 7.6 3.7 0.1 8.3 0.3 7.1 7.0 4.9 2.0 7.3 2.7 0.7 5.2 (0.62) (1.02) (0.79) (0.70) (0.39) (0.74) (0.96) (1.10) (0.63) (0.44) (0.51) (1.18) (1.04) (0.36) (0.99) (1.40) (0.48) (0.49) (1.08) (0.89) (0.60) (0.11) (0.93) (0.21) (0.75) (0.85) (0.92) (0.65) (0.86) (0.65) (0.12) (0.15) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 407 391 406 454 433 401 492 524 524 409 438 411 367 490 502 486 507 427 347 428 493 442 503 521 426 378 437 (6.0) (3.8) (3.6) (5.8) (4.7) (4.0) (3.2) (3.2) (3.4) (9.6) (5.0) (3.6) (4.6) (4.1) (9.4) (3.5) (2.4) (2.5) (2.2) (4.9) (4.3) (3.2) (3.3) (3.9) (3.4) (2.6) (3.7) 398 384 394 445 425 393 488 533 526 391 463 413 324 486 523 484 508 420 352 423 485 438 512 515 417 376 430 (6.3) (3.7) (4.4) (5.8) (4.0) (4.2) (3.0) (3.1) (3.1) (6.2) (4.3) (3.4) (3.9) (3.4) (11.3) (3.9) (2.5) (2.5) (2.2) (4.5) (4.1) (3.6) (3.7) (4.3) (2.8) (4.7) (3.5) 394 382 389 433 441 385 490 531 547 387 463 420 309 488 515 481 509 405 347 415 473 437 518 534 410 386 432 (8.1) (3.8) (3.9) (8.0) (4.9) (4.0) (3.2) (3.6) (3.4) (4.9) (5.5) (4.3) (3.4) (4.8) (9.8) (4.9) (2.6) (2.8) (1.9) (6.6) (4.1) (3.6) (3.5) (4.7) (3.2) (3.9) (3.9) 391 379 382 420 458 378 506 540 572 389 479 451 306 497 549 503 521 399 362 411 468 430 553 561 432 409 433 (8.2) (3.5) (3.7) (8.6) (6.8) (5.5) (4.1) (4.4) (4.1) (5.2) (5.6) (4.4) (3.4) (5.3) (12.7) (4.7) (3.0) (3.0) (2.6) (5.5) (6.1) (5.1) (3.2) (4.8) (3.8) (4.6) (5.2) -4.8 -5.1 -8.6 -11.1 10.4 -10.1 6.7 7.1 23.6 -11.5 13.7 16.4 -30.8 4.8 17.9 8.1 8.7 -11.1 5.4 -6.7 -11.7 -4.3 21.3 19.6 0.6 12.2 0.0 (2.56) (1.39) (1.75) (3.13) (1.98) (2.40) (1.63) (1.88) (1.56) (5.55) (2.00) (2.13) (2.33) (2.75) (5.83) (2.07) (1.84) (1.38) (1.00) (2.12) (2.27) (1.81) (1.87) (1.68) (2.41) (1.96) (1.88) 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.7 1.0 1.1 1.3 0.6 1.2 1.1 0.5 0.9 1.3 1.0 1.0 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.3 1.2 0.8 1.0 0.9 (0.09) (0.09) (0.06) (0.06) (0.08) (0.10) (0.07) (0.10) (0.08) (0.07) (0.11) (0.07) (0.05) (0.09) (0.29) (0.07) (0.08) (0.06) (0.06) (0.09) (0.07) (0.06) (0.10) (0.06) (0.07) (0.07) (0.06) 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.5 5.5 1.2 2.0 2.3 8.2 0.2 3.0 0.6 0.8 2.0 0.5 0.5 1.0 0.2 4.3 3.6 0.0 1.5 0.0 (0.26) (0.36) (0.31) (0.51) (0.46) (0.51) (0.23) (0.28) (0.72) (1.13) (0.58) (0.55) (1.12) (0.25) (1.93) (0.28) (0.33) (0.47) (0.17) (0.30) (0.38) (0.20) (0.75) (0.62) (0.05) (0.44) (0.04) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 74 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 1/1 ] Table 3.12 Percentage of students expecting a science-related career1 at age 30 and performance on the science scale, by gender2 Tableau 3.12 Pourcentage d’élèves envisageant d’exercer une profession à caractère scientifique à l’âge de 30 ans et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, selon le sexe All students Students expecting a science career Males Students not expecting a science career Students expecting a science career Females Students not expecting a science career Students expecting a science career Students not expecting a science career Partners OECD % S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. % S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. % S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 27.8 20.0 27.0 37.1 17.4 21.8 18.1 28.3 18.4 25.1 16.8 32.3 29.3 31.6 7.8 18.5 24.2 34.5 22.9 24.2 25.0 31.3 38.8 19.7 27.7 22.4 21.9 24.1 24.6 38.1 28.2 25.2 (0.6) (1.1) (0.7) (0.7) (0.8) (0.7) (0.6) (0.9) (0.6) (0.7) (1.0) (0.8) (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (0.6) (0.7) (0.9) (0.7) (0.7) (0.6) (0.7) (0.9) (1.1) (0.8) (0.7) (0.4) (1.3) (0.7) (0.8) (0.3) (0.1) 570 542 555 561 570 530 595 529 564 515 557 525 546 505 567 550 518 432 555 575 522 530 508 535 532 530 543 474 556 511 516 537 (2.8) (5.7) (3.0) (2.1) (4.3) (3.8) (3.6) (4.8) (3.7) (3.2) (4.7) (2.6) (3.6) (3.0) (12.4) (4.3) (2.8) (2.8) (3.8) (3.3) (3.5) (2.7) (2.4) (4.0) (2.6) (3.7) (4.0) (7.0) (3.3) (4.5) (1.7) (0.8) 512 504 496 521 502 487 557 486 509 461 494 478 495 463 529 516 477 399 517 519 480 484 453 478 473 497 503 409 503 477 483 489 (2.2) (3.7) (2.7) (2.3) (3.5) (3.2) (2.2) (3.3) (3.9) (3.4) (2.7) (2.0) (3.3) (2.1) (3.3) (3.5) (1.2) (2.9) (3.0) (2.8) (2.8) (2.6) (3.6) (2.7) (2.5) (2.5) (3.2) (2.7) (2.5) (4.4) (1.1) (0.5) 27.0 17.8 25.7 32.7 17.0 18.9 15.1 26.6 18.0 23.7 17.3 27.4 28.3 32.3 4.3 20.4 23.4 35.6 15.9 20.5 20.8 33.9 35.4 21.7 25.2 20.3 20.7 23.1 22.5 32.0 25.7 23.5 (0.7) (1.6) (1.0) (0.8) (1.0) (0.9) (0.7) (1.3) (0.9) (1.1) (1.2) (1.1) (1.2) (1.1) (0.5) (0.8) (0.8) (1.3) (0.8) (1.0) (0.9) (1.1) (1.4) (1.2) (1.0) (1.0) (0.6) (1.5) (0.9) (1.2) (0.4) (0.2) 581 561 570 578 576 545 610 547 577 522 569 534 553 513 605 552 528 438 579 584 538 529 519 542 544 547 557 472 578 533 529 549 (4.1) (5.7) (3.7) (3.0) (4.6) (5.0) (5.8) (6.4) (4.9) (4.5) (5.8) (3.9) (4.9) (3.9) (7.6) (5.6) (3.8) (3.4) (5.0) (5.1) (4.5) (3.8) (3.9) (5.3) (2.9) (5.1) (4.5) (8.5) (4.2) (5.3) (2.0) (0.9) 509 505 493 520 504 491 553 482 511 453 495 476 492 462 531 514 481 401 520 518 476 485 455 478 474 495 504 404 506 471 482 489 (3.0) (4.3) (3.6) (2.7) (4.1) (3.9) (2.7) (4.3) (5.0) (4.5) (3.2) (3.1) (4.3) (3.0) (5.0) (5.0) (2.1) (3.5) (3.5) (4.1) (3.6) (3.0) (4.4) (4.0) (2.9) (2.9) (3.3) (3.3) (3.3) (5.2) (1.4) (0.7) 28.7 22.3 28.4 41.4 18.0 24.8 21.1 29.9 18.8 26.4 16.2 37.1 30.2 31.0 11.5 16.6 24.9 33.6 30.0 27.6 29.3 28.7 42.1 17.5 30.3 24.6 23.2 25.3 26.6 44.4 30.8 27.0 (0.8) (1.2) (0.9) (0.9) (1.3) (0.9) (1.0) (1.0) (0.8) (1.0) (1.1) (1.1) (0.9) (1.0) (1.6) (0.9) (1.0) (1.0) (1.1) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (1.3) (0.9) (1.0) (0.8) (1.4) (0.8) (1.1) (0.4) (0.2) 559 527 541 548 563 518 583 514 552 508 541 518 538 498 552 548 509 427 542 570 510 531 500 526 521 515 531 476 537 496 505 527 (3.2) (8.0) (3.8) (2.3) (6.5) (4.9) (4.0) (5.3) (5.4) (4.7) (6.3) (3.6) (4.4) (3.9) (14.7) (6.0) (3.7) (3.5) (4.5) (4.5) (4.4) (3.3) (2.6) (5.1) (3.1) (4.7) (4.9) (7.1) (4.8) (4.5) (1.9) (1.0) 515 502 499 523 499 483 560 489 507 469 493 481 497 464 527 518 473 398 514 519 483 482 452 478 471 500 502 415 501 484 484 490 (2.8) (4.5) (3.4) (2.7) (5.1) (3.7) (2.6) (3.5) (3.8) (3.5) (3.7) (2.5) (3.5) (2.6) (4.7) (3.8) (2.1) (2.6) (3.6) (3.9) (3.1) (2.8) (3.9) (3.4) (2.9) (3.2) (3.6) (3.4) (3.1) (4.5) (1.2) (0.6) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 30.7 18.3 35.8 24.0 40.3 47.8 17.1 21.1 20.8 24.0 23.0 39.2 21.3 19.1 19.8 21.2 17.7 16.2 m 21.8 20.9 22.8 31.4 23.1 25.5 34.8 32.5 (1.2) (0.9) (0.9) (0.6) (1.2) (0.9) (1.4) (0.7) (0.7) (2.0) (1.0) (1.1) (0.8) (0.6) (2.0) (0.7) (0.5) (0.6) m (1.3) (0.8) (1.7) (0.7) (1.1) (0.7) (1.0) (1.1) 428 400 409 450 468 402 531 561 586 413 496 460 336 523 546 525 544 434 m 457 502 470 547 561 467 426 456 (5.2) (3.5) (3.6) (7.7) (4.6) (3.3) (4.2) (3.3) (3.6) (11.6) (4.6) (3.5) (3.7) (4.1) (13.3) (3.3) (2.6) (3.5) m (5.5) (4.2) (4.0) (2.6) (6.0) (3.3) (4.9) (4.2) 382 380 383 432 420 377 486 524 531 388 446 399 323 482 516 479 504 408 m 408 474 426 507 524 405 366 419 (6.0) (2.9) (2.8) (5.9) (4.5) (3.8) (2.5) (2.6) (2.6) (3.9) (4.0) (2.6) (3.0) (2.9) (5.0) (2.8) (1.1) (1.2) m (4.6) (3.7) (3.0) (1.4) (3.7) (2.0) (2.3) (2.9) 27.6 15.0 28.6 22.8 39.8 46.1 17.4 19.3 21.4 23.0 17.7 37.5 13.7 19.5 21.3 21.2 18.1 14.4 m 21.3 21.2 22.7 32.2 28.1 16.9 33.4 28.7 (1.4) (1.2) (1.1) (0.9) (1.4) (1.2) (1.2) (0.9) (0.9) (3.2) (1.3) (1.7) (0.8) (0.9) (2.9) (1.0) (1.0) (0.9) m (1.5) (1.2) (1.3) (0.9) (0.8) (1.0) (1.2) (1.4) 428 400 428 444 482 418 538 570 596 427 511 454 361 529 549 526 553 436 m 474 520 469 548 569 485 427 465 (6.3) (5.1) (5.5) (8.5) (5.7) (4.3) (4.8) (4.5) (4.4) (18.0) (7.8) (5.4) (6.3) (5.5) (17.7) (4.0) (3.9) (5.3) m (5.8) (4.6) (5.0) (3.5) (4.9) (5.4) (4.8) (7.2) 375 377 385 424 427 374 483 520 532 391 450 382 319 476 507 473 504 408 m 402 471 423 500 524 396 364 416 (6.3) (3.2) (3.2) (6.5) (5.1) (4.6) (3.4) (3.1) (3.7) (5.2) (5.7) (4.2) (3.4) (3.3) (8.7) (3.3) (1.9) (1.9) m (4.3) (4.1) (3.2) (2.4) (4.5) (3.0) (2.9) (4.2) 33.5 21.7 41.9 25.3 40.9 49.3 16.8 22.9 20.2 25.1 28.3 40.8 27.7 18.9 18.5 21.2 17.3 18.1 m 22.3 20.5 22.8 30.6 17.6 31.9 36.2 36.0 (1.5) (1.2) (1.1) (0.9) (1.8) (1.1) (2.0) (1.0) (1.0) (1.5) (1.3) (1.2) (1.0) (0.9) (2.8) (0.9) (0.8) (0.8) m (1.4) (0.8) (2.5) (1.1) (2.0) (1.2) (1.3) (1.3) 428 400 399 456 451 390 524 553 575 400 486 464 326 518 543 523 534 433 m 441 485 470 547 548 460 426 449 (6.9) (3.6) (3.6) (8.8) (5.7) (3.9) (5.8) (4.6) (5.3) (5.5) (5.1) (3.7) (3.8) (5.1) (18.9) (4.4) (3.6) (4.5) m (6.2) (5.4) (5.2) (3.6) (13.0) (3.4) (6.0) (4.3) 389 384 380 441 411 379 489 528 530 384 441 417 327 488 524 485 504 409 m 413 476 430 513 525 413 368 422 (6.7) (2.9) (3.3) (6.7) (5.1) (5.1) (3.1) (3.2) (3.4) (3.6) (4.6) (3.2) (3.3) (3.3) (7.3) (3.1) (1.8) (1.9) m (5.5) (3.9) (3.9) (2.5) (4.6) (2.3) (2.7) (3.2) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. See Annex A10 for the list of PISA science-related careers. 2. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 75 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 3.13 Percentage of students having at least one parent in a science-related career1 and performance on the science scale, by gender2 Tableau 3.13 Pourcentage d’élèves dont au moins un parent exerce une profession à caractère scientifique et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, selon le sexe All students Students with at least one parent in a science-related career Males Students without a parent in a sciencerelated career Students with at least one parent in a science-related career Females Students without a parent in a sciencerelated career Students with at least one parent in a science-related career Students without a parent in a sciencerelated career Partners OECD % S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. % S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. % S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 22.8 16.8 19.5 23.6 17.6 20.5 25.4 18.9 20.0 12.1 15.9 24.7 17.3 14.0 8.5 10.9 15.1 9.2 28.1 21.3 34.4 18.8 9.7 15.4 11.8 24.1 25.5 4.8 19.9 22.1 17.0 18.3 (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (0.5) (0.6) (0.9) (0.7) (0.9) (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (0.8) (0.8) (0.4) (0.4) (0.6) (0.5) (0.5) (0.8) (0.7) (0.9) (0.7) (0.6) (0.6) (0.6) (0.7) (0.7) (0.5) (0.5) (0.8) (0.2) (0.1) 555 548 555 561 553 533 586 550 568 519 539 520 542 511 540 535 538 458 557 570 506 527 534 532 533 533 546 495 555 527 535 538 (3.0) (4.0) (3.2) (2.8) (5.5) (4.0) (2.8) (4.3) (3.6) (3.9) (4.6) (3.8) (4.6) (3.2) (7.1) (6.8) (3.3) (4.5) (2.8) (4.2) (3.1) (3.7) (5.0) (4.1) (4.0) (4.4) (3.7) (12.4) (3.4) (5.0) (1.8) (0.9) 521 504 502 529 506 489 557 487 509 469 498 484 504 470 534 521 478 406 515 525 482 492 469 481 483 497 500 421 509 484 485 494 (2.2) (4.3) (2.6) (2.0) (3.3) (3.0) (2.2) (3.3) (3.5) (3.1) (2.5) (1.8) (3.0) (2.0) (3.3) (3.2) (1.1) (2.5) (3.4) (2.8) (3.0) (2.5) (3.0) (2.5) (2.5) (2.3) (3.1) (3.4) (2.4) (4.0) (1.1) (0.5) 22.6 15.9 20.0 24.5 17.8 20.7 25.1 19.4 20.5 11.6 15.6 25.7 17.9 14.8 8.2 10.5 15.7 9.1 27.2 21.6 34.3 19.0 10.7 16.7 11.5 25.5 25.0 4.6 19.6 22.3 17.1 18.5 (0.7) (0.8) (0.8) (0.8) (0.8) (1.1) (0.8) (1.2) (1.1) (0.7) (0.8) (1.1) (1.0) (0.6) (0.6) (0.8) (0.7) (0.5) (1.1) (0.9) (1.2) (0.9) (0.9) (1.0) (0.5) (0.9) (0.9) (0.7) (0.7) (1.3) (0.4) (0.2) 554 549 554 565 545 532 583 552 568 515 547 521 538 512 547 535 541 461 561 563 508 526 535 540 539 531 548 501 563 527 536 539 (4.6) (4.8) (4.9) (3.2) (7.1) (5.7) (4.1) (6.0) (4.9) (6.0) (5.5) (5.0) (6.7) (4.5) (8.3) (9.6) (4.8) (5.4) (4.0) (6.4) (3.9) (4.5) (7.4) (5.4) (5.5) (5.0) (4.3) (14.6) (4.8) (6.8) (2.5) (1.1) 523 509 503 531 510 496 556 488 514 464 501 480 505 472 538 520 483 410 519 525 481 494 471 483 485 498 504 415 515 485 487 496 (3.0) (4.5) (3.2) (2.6) (4.2) (3.5) (2.8) (4.3) (4.4) (4.3) (3.3) (2.6) (4.1) (2.9) (4.7) (4.6) (1.9) (3.0) (3.6) (4.0) (4.0) (2.9) (3.6) (3.8) (3.0) (2.7) (3.3) (4.1) (3.0) (5.0) (1.4) (0.7) 23.1 17.7 19.0 22.7 17.3 20.2 25.6 18.4 19.6 12.7 16.2 23.6 16.7 13.2 8.7 11.2 14.5 9.3 29.0 21.1 34.4 18.7 8.9 14.1 12.0 22.7 26.0 5.0 20.1 22.0 16.9 18.1 (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (0.6) (0.9) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (0.9) (1.0) (1.0) (1.1) (0.5) (0.7) (0.8) (0.7) (0.8) (1.0) (1.1) (1.3) (0.9) (0.6) (0.8) (0.8) (1.0) (0.9) (0.6) (0.7) (1.0) (0.3) (0.2) 557 548 555 558 563 533 589 548 567 522 531 519 546 511 533 535 535 455 553 577 504 528 533 522 528 535 545 488 548 527 533 536 (4.1) (5.1) (3.9) (3.8) (7.0) (4.1) (3.4) (5.0) (4.2) (5.2) (6.6) (4.9) (5.4) (4.5) (9.6) (7.0) (4.6) (5.3) (3.6) (5.3) (4.1) (5.3) (5.7) (5.8) (4.5) (5.4) (4.2) (13.3) (4.6) (5.5) (2.2) (1.0) 520 498 501 527 501 483 558 485 504 473 495 488 504 469 531 522 474 403 511 524 483 489 466 480 482 495 496 428 504 482 483 493 (2.5) (5.7) (3.4) (2.1) (4.7) (3.4) (2.6) (3.5) (3.7) (3.4) (3.5) (2.6) (3.2) (2.5) (5.2) (3.9) (1.9) (2.5) (3.8) (3.6) (3.2) (2.7) (3.2) (3.1) (2.6) (3.0) (3.7) (3.8) (2.9) (3.8) (1.2) (0.6) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 11.9 16.0 7.8 18.5 8.5 8.6 17.9 12.8 5.8 1.8 17.4 11.7 15.5 14.3 25.1 13.4 3.6 14.4 m 7.8 15.6 20.2 24.4 10.9 3.0 9.9 13.3 (1.2) (0.7) (0.4) (1.0) (0.6) (0.7) (0.6) (0.6) (0.4) (0.2) (0.7) (0.7) (0.7) (0.6) (2.3) (0.6) (0.3) (0.6) m (0.9) (0.5) (0.8) (0.6) (0.4) (0.3) (0.9) (0.6) 433 400 442 490 506 418 525 552 573 c 505 466 344 514 558 525 523 437 m 476 505 470 555 556 495 428 473 (12.1) (3.5) (6.5) (8.3) (5.9) (8.7) (3.4) (4.1) (7.0) c (5.7) (5.8) (4.7) (5.1) (8.5) (4.9) (7.8) (3.5) m (8.8) (5.3) (3.5) (3.2) (5.0) (9.9) (8.7) (4.2) 389 380 388 427 432 386 487 529 542 394 452 420 320 488 511 484 511 410 m 414 476 428 509 534 421 382 423 (5.9) (2.8) (2.7) (5.5) (4.2) (3.6) (2.5) (2.5) (2.4) (5.9) (3.7) (2.6) (2.9) (2.8) (5.3) (2.7) (1.1) (1.2) m (4.1) (3.6) (3.2) (1.4) (3.5) (2.0) (2.4) (3.0) 11.5 15.0 8.4 17.1 8.6 7.8 16.7 13.2 5.0 1.9 18.0 12.6 15.3 14.0 26.7 12.8 3.6 14.9 m 8.8 15.8 19.2 22.6 10.9 2.7 9.5 13.6 (1.3) (0.9) (0.6) (1.2) (0.8) (1.0) (0.8) (1.0) (0.6) (0.4) (1.0) (1.1) (0.9) (0.7) (3.7) (0.8) (0.5) (0.9) m (0.9) (0.7) (0.9) (0.9) (0.5) (0.5) (0.9) (0.8) 429 396 448 483 513 420 524 550 584 c 517 457 349 513 548 523 514 432 m 476 503 471 549 559 c 415 474 (15.1) (4.7) (9.4) (9.6) (9.6) (15.4) (4.9) (5.9) (9.3) c (7.2) (8.8) (6.4) (5.5) (12.7) (7.0) (12.3) (4.9) m (10.5) (6.7) (4.8) (5.6) (5.7) c (10.3) (6.2) 383 377 393 421 443 391 487 528 546 399 456 406 317 484 504 480 514 410 m 412 479 425 507 538 413 382 422 (6.3) (3.2) (3.0) (6.2) (5.2) (4.3) (3.3) (3.1) (3.3) (8.5) (5.5) (4.0) (3.4) (3.4) (9.2) (2.9) (1.9) (2.0) m (4.1) (4.0) (3.5) (2.2) (4.3) (3.3) (2.8) (4.4) 12.3 17.2 7.3 19.9 8.4 9.2 19.0 12.5 6.5 1.8 16.8 10.8 15.7 14.7 23.6 14.0 3.6 13.8 m 6.8 15.5 21.2 26.2 10.9 3.3 10.3 13.0 (1.4) (0.8) (0.5) (1.2) (0.9) (1.0) (0.7) (0.6) (0.6) (0.3) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) (0.7) (2.6) (0.9) (0.4) (0.9) m (1.1) (0.9) (1.2) (0.9) (0.5) (0.4) (1.2) (0.8) 437 404 436 496 497 417 527 553 566 c 492 475 340 516 568 527 532 443 m 476 506 469 560 553 500 439 472 (11.5) (3.7) (7.1) (9.0) (9.7) (8.4) (4.3) (4.4) (9.5) c (7.3) (6.0) (5.0) (7.2) (11.8) (5.5) (8.3) (5.3) m (10.3) (5.2) (4.3) (4.2) (7.3) (8.8) (10.6) (5.5) 395 383 383 433 420 381 488 531 538 387 449 432 323 491 516 489 508 410 m 416 473 431 511 529 427 382 424 (6.7) (2.8) (2.9) (6.4) (4.1) (4.2) (3.2) (3.0) (3.3) (3.8) (4.4) (3.2) (3.1) (3.1) (7.8) (3.2) (1.7) (1.9) m (4.7) (3.9) (4.1) (2.4) (5.0) (2.3) (2.8) (3.1) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. See Annex A10 for the list of PISA science-related careers. 2. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 76 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 1/1 ] Percentage of students expecting a science-related career1 at age 30 with or without at least one parent in a science-related career and Table 3.14 performance on the science scale2 Tableau 3.14 Pourcentage d’élèves envisageant d’exercer une profession à caractère scientifique à l’âge de 30 ans, ayant ou non au moins un parent qui exerce une profession scientifique, et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique Students expecting a science career with at least one parent in a science-related career Students expecting a science career without a parent in a science-related career Students not expecting a science career with at least one parent in a science-related career Students not expecting a science career without a parent in a science-related career Partners OECD % Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay S.E. Mean score S.E. % S.E. Mean score S.E. % S.E. Mean score S.E. % S.E. Mean score S.E. 8.0 4.9 7.5 10.4 4.6 6.5 6.1 7.2 5.7 5.0 4.6 10.3 6.7 6.3 1.8 2.5 4.8 4.4 7.7 7.0 10.0 7.4 5.1 4.5 5.0 6.7 7.6 2.3 6.7 10.3 6.6 6.3 (0.27) (0.43) (0.37) (0.34) (0.35) (0.43) (0.36) (0.48) (0.36) (0.41) (0.41) (0.51) (0.50) (0.32) (0.34) (0.23) (0.31) (0.31) (0.40) (0.42) (0.45) (0.41) (0.37) (0.38) (0.43) (0.42) (0.39) (0.37) (0.42) (0.58) (0.17) (0.07) 586 558 583 582 587 556 606 574 594 537 579 540 565 525 c c 559 467 575 601 533 551 548 564 554 556 571 c 582 547 553 561 (3.91) (7.58) (4.53) (4.03) (5.51) (5.09) (5.20) (5.28) (5.52) (5.07) (7.01) (5.16) (6.95) (4.27) c c (5.01) (5.38) (4.81) (6.50) (4.39) (4.38) (6.05) (5.33) (4.91) (6.16) (5.37) c (5.17) (5.80) (2.37) (1.25) 20.0 15.1 19.7 27.0 13.1 15.8 12.1 21.2 13.1 20.2 12.3 22.1 22.8 25.4 6.4 16.0 19.6 30.4 15.3 17.4 15.3 24.0 33.9 15.3 22.8 15.7 14.4 21.9 18.2 28.8 22.0 19.2 (0.49) (0.90) (0.63) (0.55) (0.72) (0.60) (0.53) (0.73) (0.51) (0.60) (0.76) (0.63) (0.73) (0.83) (0.70) (0.59) (0.63) (0.79) (0.59) (0.59) (0.53) (0.62) (0.80) (0.90) (0.63) (0.59) (0.34) (1.04) (0.65) (0.75) (0.27) (0.12) 564 537 545 554 565 521 589 517 553 509 548 519 541 501 570 548 508 427 547 567 516 524 502 527 527 520 529 468 549 502 506 530 (3.00) (6.66) (3.27) (2.16) (4.99) (4.11) (4.57) (4.95) (4.60) (3.64) (4.55) (3.55) (3.63) (3.19) (11.55) (4.41) (3.29) (2.69) (5.11) (3.48) (4.29) (3.00) (2.51) (4.20) (2.59) (3.81) (4.18) (6.52) (4.39) (4.22) (1.66) (0.83) 14.9 11.9 12.1 13.2 13.1 14.0 19.2 11.8 14.4 7.2 11.4 14.3 10.6 7.7 6.7 8.4 10.3 4.8 20.4 14.3 24.6 11.4 4.7 11.0 6.8 17.4 18.0 2.5 13.1 11.9 10.4 12.1 (0.41) (0.48) (0.42) (0.44) (0.55) (0.69) (0.62) (0.62) (0.65) (0.43) (0.56) (0.58) (0.52) (0.28) (0.31) (0.51) (0.38) (0.33) (0.72) (0.54) (0.80) (0.53) (0.41) (0.52) (0.38) (0.61) (0.53) (0.32) (0.37) (0.56) (0.15) (0.09) 539 544 538 546 541 522 580 535 560 507 523 508 528 501 535 526 529 450 550 555 497 512 519 519 518 524 536 c 543 511 523 525 (3.25) (4.39) (3.61) (3.34) (6.72) (4.62) (3.26) (5.19) (4.13) (5.91) (4.72) (4.55) (5.38) (3.82) (6.16) (7.72) (4.25) (5.60) (3.23) (5.13) (3.49) (4.60) (6.97) (5.10) (4.90) (4.74) (3.71) c (3.97) (5.77) (2.08) (0.99) 57.2 68.1 60.7 49.4 69.3 63.7 62.6 59.8 66.8 67.6 71.8 53.3 59.9 60.6 85.1 73.1 65.3 60.3 56.7 61.2 50.2 57.2 56.4 69.1 65.4 60.2 60.1 73.3 61.9 49.1 61.0 62.5 (0.69) (1.12) (0.74) (0.65) (0.92) (0.91) (0.79) (1.06) (0.91) (0.93) (1.04) (0.92) (1.01) (0.92) (1.01) (0.82) (0.70) (0.93) (0.77) (0.80) (0.84) (0.85) (0.94) (1.23) (0.93) (0.80) (0.67) (1.37) (0.71) (0.77) (0.28) (0.17) 507 497 490 516 496 482 551 478 502 457 490 472 491 458 532 515 470 397 508 513 475 478 449 472 469 491 494 408 499 474 478 484 (2.17) (4.05) (2.80) (2.36) (3.21) (3.13) (2.26) (3.41) (3.55) (3.29) (2.63) (1.92) (3.27) (2.16) (3.29) (3.33) (1.26) (2.68) (3.46) (2.98) (3.08) (2.75) (3.47) (2.63) (2.49) (2.46) (3.17) (2.48) (2.50) (4.37) (1.07) (0.54) 4.9 4.5 3.6 4.8 5.0 3.8 4.3 3.4 1.8 0.6 m 6.4 4.1 3.8 8.1 4.6 0.9 2.6 m 3.3 4.1 5.8 9.2 3.3 1.7 5.3 6.6 (0.70) (0.35) (0.25) (0.38) (0.41) (0.38) (0.37) (0.28) (0.23) (0.13) m (0.44) (0.37) (0.28) (1.49) (0.32) (0.13) (0.26) m (0.67) (0.35) (0.58) (0.48) (0.25) (0.25) (0.59) (0.50) 460 417 452 495 512 433 547 586 c c m 484 358 540 583 550 c c m 502 515 488 577 573 c 468 482 (8.84) (4.86) (7.90) (13.91) (6.87) (7.99) (5.45) (5.90) c c m (6.71) (8.50) (7.58) (17.87) (6.37) c c m (8.53) (8.02) (5.26) (5.78) (9.24) c (9.24) (6.88) 26.5 14.1 32.4 19.4 35.4 44.1 13.0 17.6 19.4 23.4 m 33.3 17.7 15.6 11.3 16.8 16.9 13.9 m 18.7 16.8 17.2 22.4 20.2 24.7 29.8 26.3 (1.12) (0.81) (0.90) (0.60) (1.15) (0.87) (1.10) (0.65) (0.68) (2.04) m (0.89) (0.71) (0.54) (1.71) (0.57) (0.50) (0.57) m (1.02) (0.65) (1.28) (0.60) (1.01) (0.59) (0.74) (0.93) 422 394 405 441 462 400 526 557 585 413 m 455 331 521 525 520 544 432 m 449 499 464 536 562 464 419 450 (5.27) (3.75) (3.70) (6.93) (4.54) (3.45) (4.46) (3.80) (3.65) (12.08) m (3.28) (4.07) (4.48) (17.31) (3.58) (2.82) (3.69) m (4.88) (4.54) (4.83) (2.72) (6.01) (2.93) (4.25) (4.59) 7.1 12.0 4.3 13.7 3.6 4.8 13.6 9.4 4.0 1.2 m 5.3 11.7 10.5 17.0 8.8 2.7 11.7 m 4.5 11.5 14.4 15.3 7.7 1.4 4.6 6.8 (0.75) (0.66) (0.32) (0.77) (0.35) (0.65) (0.48) (0.52) (0.31) (0.19) m (0.47) (0.56) (0.49) (2.03) (0.52) (0.30) (0.53) m (0.50) (0.44) (0.65) (0.60) (0.28) (0.22) (0.43) (0.48) 419 395 434 489 496 407 519 540 560 c m 444 343 505 546 512 c 434 m 458 501 463 541 549 c 389 468 (15.18) (4.01) (8.04) (7.56) (9.43) (11.01) (3.67) (4.51) (7.52) c m (6.78) (5.40) (6.13) (11.41) (6.40) c (3.91) m (10.51) (5.66) (3.94) (4.34) (5.09) c (10.16) (5.35) 61.5 69.5 59.6 62.1 56.0 47.3 69.1 69.5 74.9 74.8 m 55.0 66.6 70.1 63.7 69.8 79.5 71.8 m 73.5 67.5 62.6 53.1 68.9 72.3 60.4 60.3 (1.43) (0.89) (0.91) (1.06) (1.27) (0.94) (1.34) (0.74) (0.82) (2.03) m (1.10) (0.86) (0.74) (2.19) (0.75) (0.57) (0.73) m (1.57) (0.81) (1.64) (0.78) (1.06) (0.74) (1.16) (1.23) 381 378 380 424 416 374 480 522 531 388 m 399 321 480 508 476 504 406 m 405 470 419 498 526 407 366 415 (5.90) (2.94) (2.68) (5.48) (4.20) (4.00) (2.53) (2.63) (2.52) (4.01) m (2.41) (2.94) (2.74) (6.09) (2.70) (1.17) (1.39) m (4.71) (3.66) (3.10) (1.70) (3.76) (1.98) (2.06) (3.07) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. See Annex A10 for the list of PISA science-related careers. 2. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 77 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.15 Index of students’ science-related activities and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.15 Indice de participation à des activités scientifiques et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of students’ science-related activities All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -0.29 0.01 0.01 -0.15 0.05 -0.15 -0.16 -0.01 0.11 0.28 0.32 -0.21 -0.43 0.26 -0.62 -0.19 0.10 0.73 -0.26 -0.26 -0.11 0.64 0.45 0.23 -0.15 -0.41 0.03 0.57 -0.35 -0.09 0.02 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.43 1.22 0.53 0.78 0.49 1.00 0.36 0.40 0.26 0.57 0.12 0.97 1.33 0.25 -0.12 0.26 0.27 0.75 0.64 0.64 0.56 0.54 0.43 0.40 1.10 1.11 0.15 Males S.E. Mean index (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.20 0.05 0.07 -0.05 -0.02 -0.11 -0.18 0.07 0.16 0.35 0.33 0.06 -0.34 0.35 -0.45 -0.04 0.16 0.77 -0.09 -0.19 0.05 0.62 0.48 0.26 -0.07 -0.31 0.09 0.63 -0.25 0.04 0.11 0.07 (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) 0.47 1.29 0.56 0.79 0.54 1.02 0.36 0.37 0.39 0.57 0.18 1.04 1.34 0.24 -0.01 0.22 0.38 0.76 0.81 0.66 0.57 0.56 0.45 0.51 1.07 1.15 0.18 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.39 -0.02 -0.05 -0.25 0.14 -0.19 -0.15 -0.08 0.06 0.20 0.31 -0.49 -0.52 0.17 -0.80 -0.33 0.05 0.70 -0.44 -0.33 -0.27 0.67 0.42 0.20 -0.22 -0.52 -0.04 0.49 -0.45 -0.21 -0.07 -0.08 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.19 0.07 0.12 0.19 -0.16 0.08 -0.03 0.15 0.09 0.16 0.02 0.55 0.17 0.18 0.35 0.29 0.11 0.07 0.35 0.14 0.32 -0.05 0.06 0.06 0.14 0.21 0.13 0.14 0.20 0.25 0.18 0.15 (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.09) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) 0.40 1.15 0.51 0.76 0.43 0.98 0.36 0.43 0.13 0.57 0.07 0.90 1.33 0.25 -0.21 0.30 0.16 0.74 0.47 0.62 0.55 0.52 0.42 0.27 1.13 1.08 0.12 (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) 0.07 0.15 0.05 0.02 0.11 0.04 0.00 -0.06 0.26 -0.01 0.10 0.14 0.01 -0.01 0.20 -0.08 0.23 0.01 0.35 0.05 0.02 0.04 0.04 0.24 -0.06 0.07 0.05 Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.59 -1.29 -1.30 -1.47 -1.09 -1.41 -1.23 -1.28 -1.16 -1.15 -0.83 -1.63 -1.69 -0.93 -1.69 -1.50 -1.24 -0.41 -1.59 -1.54 -1.44 -0.41 -0.78 -0.81 -1.48 -1.68 -1.26 -0.66 -1.66 -1.42 -1.36 -1.25 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.03) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) -0.61 -0.21 -0.21 -0.50 -0.15 -0.50 -0.46 -0.24 -0.10 -0.01 0.08 -0.57 -0.86 0.04 -1.09 -0.51 -0.12 0.56 -0.61 -0.57 -0.46 0.47 0.29 0.00 -0.45 -0.70 -0.18 0.39 -0.67 -0.40 -0.27 -0.28 (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.09 0.41 0.41 0.28 0.36 0.23 0.13 0.38 0.50 0.74 0.69 0.23 -0.09 0.64 -0.37 0.23 0.53 1.06 0.11 0.12 0.30 0.96 0.84 0.53 0.27 -0.09 0.39 0.93 0.02 0.33 0.44 0.37 (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.11) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) -0.85 0.23 -0.80 -0.30 -0.78 -0.04 -0.78 -0.69 -1.12 -0.30 -1.47 -0.24 0.39 -0.81 -1.40 -0.81 -0.87 -0.38 -0.87 -0.38 -0.48 -0.55 -0.82 -0.87 0.35 0.16 -1.11 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) 0.18 1.04 0.29 0.63 0.26 0.84 0.18 0.23 0.07 0.38 -0.31 0.84 1.18 0.03 -0.34 0.00 0.03 0.60 0.41 0.48 0.38 0.34 0.27 0.29 0.98 1.02 -0.12 (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) 0.81 1.47 0.94 1.06 0.87 1.30 0.71 0.74 0.72 0.80 0.64 1.34 1.59 0.59 0.24 0.60 0.63 1.07 1.09 0.92 0.85 0.86 0.84 0.81 1.29 1.40 0.51 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 78 Bottom quarter Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.95 1.15 1.14 1.08 1.10 1.07 0.91 1.12 1.21 1.53 1.36 1.12 0.91 1.30 0.66 1.04 1.25 1.72 1.03 0.95 1.17 1.55 1.46 1.20 1.08 0.83 1.16 1.62 0.90 1.13 1.26 1.16 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) 1.60 2.14 1.69 1.71 1.60 1.89 1.33 1.30 1.36 1.39 1.64 1.94 2.17 1.18 1.04 1.24 1.29 1.71 1.92 1.53 1.49 1.51 1.44 1.36 1.79 1.87 1.32 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.05) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.15 Index of students’ science-related activities and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.15 Indice de participation à des activités scientifiques et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 489 479 477 506 491 461 532 458 482 450 482 448 472 454 500 489 455 411 498 499 453 490 450 473 462 469 480 397 474 465 478 472 (2.4) (4.4) (3.4) (2.8) (4.9) (4.1) (3.1) (4.1) (4.9) (3.8) (3.7) (3.4) (3.7) (2.5) (4.9) (4.2) (2.3) (3.1) (3.6) (3.5) (3.3) (3.4) (3.8) (5.5) (2.6) (3.3) (3.2) (3.4) (3.5) (3.9) (1.4) (0.7) 518 513 509 529 514 486 560 492 516 475 502 480 503 474 521 514 487 415 522 521 483 494 475 489 486 498 513 424 512 489 496 497 (2.8) (4.0) (3.1) (2.7) (4.2) (3.7) (3.1) (3.8) (4.4) (3.7) (3.6) (3.2) (4.3) (2.5) (4.0) (3.5) (2.5) (2.8) (4.0) (3.7) (3.3) (3.9) (3.6) (3.4) (3.3) (2.9) (3.3) (3.8) (3.4) (4.1) (1.5) (0.6) 539 524 527 549 524 511 574 512 532 484 517 509 523 489 547 537 503 418 543 542 506 501 488 495 500 514 525 431 528 502 502 513 (3.2) (5.2) (3.1) (2.6) (4.3) (3.8) (3.4) (3.8) (3.5) (4.3) (3.6) (2.9) (4.1) (2.9) (3.7) (3.7) (2.8) (3.6) (3.6) (3.9) (3.7) (3.6) (4.4) (4.2) (3.3) (3.6) (3.7) (4.6) (4.0) (5.6) (1.6) (0.7) 564 529 531 561 521 527 588 523 540 487 517 531 540 485 559 550 502 396 539 564 513 506 484 498 509 537 529 445 548 503 489 521 (3.3) (5.9) (4.4) (3.2) (5.7) (4.6) (3.0) (5.3) (5.1) (5.0) (4.5) (3.9) (4.4) (3.1) (3.8) (6.2) (3.5) (4.7) (5.0) (4.7) (3.9) (3.6) (4.3) (5.0) (3.8) (3.8) (5.2) (6.4) (4.2) (7.6) (1.8) (0.9) 28.6 20.3 22.1 21.1 11.6 25.8 25.5 25.8 23.0 12.7 15.9 29.2 24.8 14.5 22.8 24.5 17.5 -6.1 15.1 25.0 22.0 7.3 15.9 11.7 17.9 25.1 19.4 19.5 27.7 14.3 4.4 19.4 (1.25) (2.38) (1.82) (1.33) (2.76) (1.72) (1.73) (2.23) (1.92) (1.65) (2.16) (1.65) (1.57) (1.47) (1.78) (2.22) (1.68) (2.16) (2.16) (2.00) (1.64) (1.79) (1.88) (4.28) (1.37) (1.79) (1.95) (2.32) (1.95) (2.22) (0.69) (0.37) 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 2.0 1.8 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.6 0.8 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.1 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.3 1.1 1.6 (0.07) (0.14) (0.09) (0.10) (0.09) (0.12) (0.10) (0.10) (0.11) (0.10) (0.11) (0.12) (0.14) (0.07) (0.10) (0.10) (0.08) (0.06) (0.11) (0.11) (0.10) (0.07) (0.10) (0.13) (0.10) (0.11) (0.07) (0.11) (0.08) (0.10) (0.03) (0.02) 7.8 3.9 4.5 5.1 1.0 7.3 6.4 5.8 4.7 2.2 2.5 10.2 7.0 1.9 4.7 7.2 3.1 0.4 2.6 5.1 5.7 0.4 2.6 1.0 3.9 6.5 3.4 4.7 6.4 1.8 0.2 4.3 (0.65) (0.95) (0.74) (0.63) (0.52) (0.92) (0.86) (0.96) (0.74) (0.57) (0.66) (1.04) (0.88) (0.37) (0.68) (1.23) (0.60) (0.31) (0.73) (0.85) (0.82) (0.20) (0.65) (0.73) (0.58) (0.90) (0.68) (0.95) (0.89) (0.59) (0.06) (0.14) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 399 384 396 426 422 395 473 523 509 387 439 428 358 483 506 481 491 411 345 404 473 431 495 506 403 393 426 (8.4) (3.7) (3.7) (5.2) (4.0) (4.4) (2.9) (3.7) (3.7) (7.1) (6.1) (3.8) (5.3) (4.4) (9.6) (4.2) (2.4) (2.8) (2.0) (4.6) (4.4) (3.7) (2.8) (4.0) (2.7) (3.3) (4.0) 403 385 397 442 439 392 494 534 541 397 471 427 332 492 519 488 511 422 368 425 481 439 518 536 414 395 434 (6.1) (3.3) (3.6) (6.6) (5.3) (3.9) (3.8) (3.1) (3.4) (6.6) (4.0) (3.4) (3.3) (3.2) (13.0) (3.7) (2.6) (2.9) (2.6) (4.8) (3.4) (3.4) (3.0) (4.1) (2.8) (4.3) (3.5) 401 384 395 446 452 388 500 538 548 399 477 423 313 496 534 495 518 414 361 429 488 439 530 535 430 385 433 (5.9) (3.3) (4.1) (7.8) (4.9) (5.1) (3.4) (3.8) (3.8) (6.5) (4.3) (4.2) (3.1) (3.9) (10.4) (3.9) (2.6) (3.3) (2.3) (4.9) (4.1) (3.8) (3.1) (4.0) (2.7) (3.9) (4.9) 371 380 375 434 440 378 506 531 571 390 444 415 291 489 530 488 524 401 332 416 476 435 534 554 438 371 423 (7.1) (3.5) (4.0) (8.2) (6.6) (4.9) (3.6) (4.3) (4.1) (5.1) (7.1) (4.7) (3.9) (5.2) (10.5) (4.1) (2.8) (2.5) (2.0) (5.8) (7.6) (4.8) (3.8) (4.3) (3.3) (4.2) (4.1) -10.6 -1.6 -8.0 3.8 7.3 -10.7 14.6 5.0 23.3 3.1 1.3 -5.4 -34.3 4.2 10.6 2.2 15.0 -4.1 -2.2 7.7 2.5 1.9 16.7 18.0 21.8 -8.7 -2.6 (2.85) (1.77) (1.46) (3.02) (2.06) (2.67) (1.41) (2.13) (1.54) (2.96) (2.44) (2.07) (2.91) (2.61) (5.59) (2.22) (1.40) (1.72) (0.89) (2.46) (3.32) (2.11) (1.92) (1.47) (1.93) (2.05) (1.96) 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.3 0.8 1.4 1.1 1.8 1.1 1.3 0.9 0.5 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.4 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.4 1.6 1.4 0.7 1.0 (0.11) (0.09) (0.06) (0.08) (0.09) (0.07) (0.09) (0.09) (0.12) (0.08) (0.12) (0.08) (0.06) (0.09) (0.27) (0.08) (0.10) (0.09) (0.06) (0.17) (0.09) (0.07) (0.09) (0.07) (0.08) (0.07) (0.09) 1.1 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.6 1.0 2.1 0.2 6.3 0.1 0.0 0.3 9.0 0.2 1.1 0.0 2.8 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.0 2.4 3.0 2.8 0.6 0.1 (0.58) (0.12) (0.28) (0.16) (0.32) (0.46) (0.41) (0.20) (0.80) (0.18) (0.09) (0.23) (1.39) (0.20) (1.08) (0.08) (0.53) (0.17) (0.07) (0.34) (0.16) (0.08) (0.53) (0.49) (0.51) (0.26) (0.11) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 79 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.16 Index of students’ awareness of environmental issues and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.16 Indice de sensibilisation aux problèmes environnementaux et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of students’ awareness of environmental issues All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 0.10 0.23 -0.16 0.27 0.07 -0.21 -0.02 -0.16 0.15 0.09 0.10 -0.39 0.38 0.18 -0.13 -0.22 -0.26 -0.45 -0.08 -0.12 0.06 0.37 0.12 0.15 0.06 -0.24 -0.22 0.07 0.25 0.01 -0.01 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay -0.63 -0.56 -0.26 -0.10 -0.27 -0.43 0.32 0.24 0.34 -1.09 -0.66 -0.04 -0.45 -0.02 0.01 -0.02 0.06 0.03 -0.72 -0.37 0.18 0.02 0.30 0.46 -0.20 -0.73 -0.34 Males S.E. Mean index (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) 0.19 0.32 -0.06 0.36 0.14 -0.06 0.08 -0.02 0.31 0.13 0.13 -0.18 0.44 0.25 -0.07 -0.19 -0.08 -0.44 0.02 -0.02 0.19 0.38 0.18 0.21 0.13 -0.08 -0.04 -0.01 0.40 0.11 0.07 0.09 (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) -0.62 -0.56 -0.24 -0.19 -0.19 -0.44 0.32 0.24 0.38 -1.12 -0.57 -0.25 -0.57 0.01 0.16 0.00 0.08 -0.02 -0.68 -0.40 0.18 -0.03 0.33 0.51 -0.31 -0.68 -0.32 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) 0.01 0.14 -0.27 0.18 -0.02 -0.35 -0.12 -0.30 -0.01 0.05 0.08 -0.61 0.32 0.12 -0.19 -0.26 -0.44 -0.47 -0.17 -0.21 -0.07 0.37 0.05 0.09 -0.01 -0.41 -0.41 0.17 0.11 -0.10 -0.09 -0.09 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) 0.18 0.18 0.21 0.18 0.16 0.29 0.20 0.28 0.32 0.08 0.05 0.43 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.08 0.36 0.03 0.19 0.19 0.26 0.01 0.13 0.12 0.15 0.33 0.37 -0.17 0.29 0.21 0.16 0.18 (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.07) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) -0.63 -0.55 -0.28 -0.02 -0.36 -0.43 0.33 0.24 0.31 -1.04 -0.74 0.17 -0.35 -0.04 -0.12 -0.05 0.03 0.09 -0.76 -0.34 0.18 0.06 0.27 0.40 -0.11 -0.78 -0.35 (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.07) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) 0.01 -0.01 0.03 -0.17 0.17 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.07 -0.08 0.17 -0.41 -0.22 0.04 0.27 0.06 0.05 -0.12 0.08 -0.06 0.00 -0.09 0.06 0.11 -0.21 0.10 0.03 Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.10 -0.99 -1.37 -0.93 -0.94 -1.39 -1.06 -1.38 -1.19 -1.07 -0.91 -1.77 -0.83 -0.96 -1.10 -1.20 -1.69 -1.60 -1.12 -1.30 -1.18 -0.81 -1.02 -0.98 -1.09 -1.62 -1.54 -1.19 -1.00 -1.28 -1.23 -1.19 (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.19 -0.05 -0.42 -0.05 -0.18 -0.51 -0.26 -0.44 -0.12 -0.21 -0.18 -0.73 0.08 -0.08 -0.37 -0.50 -0.60 -0.74 -0.30 -0.41 -0.20 0.06 -0.17 -0.16 -0.24 -0.60 -0.50 -0.23 -0.06 -0.32 -0.31 -0.29 (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.37 0.52 0.14 0.52 0.30 0.08 0.21 0.12 0.47 0.35 0.33 -0.08 0.66 0.44 0.08 0.00 0.12 -0.16 0.16 0.15 0.35 0.59 0.38 0.38 0.30 0.09 0.13 0.37 0.51 0.29 0.26 0.27 (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.06) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.10) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) -1.85 -1.94 -1.45 -1.35 -1.39 -1.62 -0.78 -0.85 -0.62 -2.03 -2.19 -1.36 -1.79 -1.04 -1.17 -1.18 -0.95 -1.25 -2.26 -1.55 -0.99 -1.15 -0.80 -0.55 -1.30 -1.85 -1.46 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) -0.93 -0.89 -0.62 -0.32 -0.59 -0.74 0.05 -0.06 0.11 -1.32 -0.97 -0.32 -0.74 -0.25 -0.19 -0.31 -0.17 -0.27 -1.05 -0.64 -0.09 -0.27 0.07 0.22 -0.44 -1.01 -0.64 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) -0.32 -0.24 -0.01 0.22 -0.03 -0.12 0.54 0.45 0.56 -0.85 -0.31 0.28 -0.12 0.23 0.33 0.27 0.29 0.33 -0.38 -0.08 0.42 0.28 0.52 0.61 0.11 -0.47 -0.08 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 80 Bottom quarter Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 1.33 1.46 1.00 1.55 1.08 1.00 1.04 1.04 1.44 1.28 1.16 1.01 1.59 1.34 0.86 0.80 1.14 0.70 0.95 1.08 1.29 1.66 1.27 1.37 1.27 1.17 1.04 1.34 1.54 1.34 1.24 1.21 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) 0.59 0.86 1.04 1.03 0.93 0.76 1.49 1.42 1.31 -0.14 0.84 1.25 0.84 0.99 1.07 1.13 1.05 1.32 0.81 0.81 1.38 1.20 1.40 1.54 0.85 0.41 0.83 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.05) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.16 Index of students’ awareness of environmental issues and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.16 Indice de sensibilisation aux problèmes environnementaux et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 459 440 437 481 464 431 510 419 451 425 460 427 450 416 460 466 418 377 458 454 431 442 410 435 427 446 436 378 441 422 425 439 (2.2) (5.2) (3.7) (2.7) (4.5) (3.7) (2.8) (4.2) (4.9) (4.4) (3.4) (3.3) (3.6) (2.5) (4.5) (4.9) (2.5) (2.8) (4.6) (3.9) (3.4) (3.1) (3.7) (3.5) (3.0) (3.1) (3.1) (3.6) (3.2) (4.1) (1.4) (0.7) 522 503 507 530 513 482 558 490 516 464 497 475 504 468 524 509 472 401 523 523 484 484 469 476 483 490 499 412 501 481 483 492 (2.5) (4.2) (2.6) (2.5) (4.5) (3.6) (2.5) (3.5) (3.5) (3.7) (4.1) (2.9) (3.8) (2.6) (4.1) (2.7) (2.3) (2.9) (3.8) (3.9) (3.0) (2.8) (3.6) (3.4) (3.0) (2.6) (2.7) (3.4) (3.2) (4.4) (1.2) (0.6) 545 539 544 555 537 515 580 524 547 487 515 516 530 498 562 542 514 419 554 555 508 513 494 513 508 523 541 439 539 512 514 522 (2.5) (3.8) (2.7) (3.0) (3.7) (3.5) (2.8) (3.9) (4.0) (3.4) (3.6) (3.1) (3.4) (2.5) (4.1) (3.3) (2.9) (3.1) (3.5) (3.6) (3.1) (3.4) (3.4) (3.6) (3.0) (3.4) (3.2) (4.3) (3.0) (4.5) (1.4) (0.6) 585 568 574 580 560 558 607 556 577 521 546 551 555 522 582 572 544 444 585 598 537 555 526 536 539 561 572 468 583 545 546 554 (3.3) (4.2) (2.8) (2.7) (4.4) (3.7) (3.4) (4.0) (3.7) (3.6) (3.8) (3.2) (3.6) (3.1) (3.4) (4.8) (2.9) (4.0) (3.7) (3.3) (3.7) (2.9) (3.1) (3.4) (2.9) (3.6) (3.7) (6.7) (3.1) (4.5) (1.4) (0.7) 46.4 49.8 52.7 36.2 44.2 46.7 42.6 50.1 43.9 37.5 38.5 41.3 41.4 43.9 56.0 47.2 40.7 27.3 57.4 54.5 37.8 41.6 46.3 40.4 43.5 38.1 49.6 32.9 50.4 40.8 43.8 44.0 (1.12) (1.92) (1.74) (1.15) (2.22) (1.91) (1.51) (1.95) (1.26) (1.86) (1.87) (1.54) (1.52) (1.42) (2.07) (2.20) (1.29) (1.53) (1.90) (1.66) (1.75) (1.49) (1.85) (1.76) (1.82) (1.37) (1.38) (2.96) (1.41) (1.63) (0.59) (0.32) 3.0 3.4 3.9 2.7 2.5 3.1 2.8 3.5 3.4 2.4 2.2 2.9 2.7 2.8 3.3 2.7 3.1 1.8 3.7 3.3 2.7 2.6 3.4 2.5 3.1 2.6 3.5 2.3 3.1 2.7 2.7 2.9 (0.12) (0.23) (0.21) (0.14) (0.14) (0.20) (0.14) (0.24) (0.19) (0.14) (0.16) (0.21) (0.16) (0.16) (0.22) (0.15) (0.18) (0.11) (0.27) (0.21) (0.15) (0.16) (0.22) (0.15) (0.21) (0.16) (0.17) (0.18) (0.16) (0.17) (0.05) (0.03) 21.4 25.9 27.4 15.4 15.5 23.8 18.4 24.1 23.9 15.2 13.8 23.8 18.1 18.6 21.2 19.0 23.8 10.1 27.6 25.0 16.9 21.3 23.2 17.2 21.4 21.6 27.5 16.6 23.4 17.5 18.4 20.6 (1.02) (1.49) (1.45) (0.95) (1.04) (1.59) (1.14) (1.43) (1.22) (1.25) (1.22) (1.64) (1.16) (1.10) (1.47) (1.30) (1.29) (1.04) (1.60) (1.37) (1.35) (1.20) (1.41) (1.28) (1.50) (1.29) (1.23) (2.19) (1.13) (1.07) (0.39) (0.24) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 341 367 336 370 382 348 434 481 483 372 415 372 303 443 467 431 465 366 320 374 430 384 458 465 383 357 385 (6.0) (3.0) (2.6) (4.6) (3.8) (4.8) (3.0) (3.0) (3.8) (6.3) (4.7) (2.8) (3.7) (3.9) (9.8) (3.3) (2.9) (2.3) (1.8) (4.5) (4.2) (3.8) (2.9) (4.3) (3.1) (2.6) (3.4) 384 379 373 428 426 384 484 522 539 382 448 412 318 477 511 477 506 399 344 410 469 428 515 531 414 380 422 (6.4) (3.4) (3.0) (5.9) (4.3) (4.8) (2.8) (3.5) (3.4) (4.6) (4.8) (3.1) (3.5) (3.6) (11.4) (3.5) (2.8) (2.9) (2.0) (4.4) (3.6) (3.8) (2.7) (3.6) (3.2) (3.2) (3.5) 414 389 410 465 454 400 513 548 557 398 477 439 334 506 543 506 526 430 356 431 495 453 539 554 435 391 445 (5.5) (3.4) (3.4) (6.7) (4.8) (5.1) (3.2) (3.2) (3.2) (6.3) (5.2) (3.8) (3.5) (3.6) (11.6) (3.3) (2.4) (2.4) (1.9) (5.1) (3.8) (3.7) (3.4) (3.5) (3.1) (3.8) (3.7) 438 398 445 487 492 422 544 576 591 421 500 471 344 534 567 540 547 458 387 460 525 481 572 580 452 416 469 (6.7) (3.9) (4.6) (7.8) (5.2) (4.2) (3.4) (3.4) (3.0) (6.7) (4.8) (4.3) (4.1) (4.1) (9.6) (3.6) (2.3) (2.9) (2.5) (5.6) (4.1) (3.5) (3.4) (3.1) (3.0) (5.5) (5.6) 38.8 10.4 40.4 44.5 43.5 30.1 45.7 38.6 52.0 26.0 25.2 35.8 15.8 43.1 39.8 43.5 38.1 33.4 19.4 34.5 37.8 38.1 46.5 48.4 30.7 23.9 35.3 (2.66) (1.18) (2.01) (2.60) (1.88) (2.10) (1.66) (1.79) (1.85) (2.36) (1.66) (1.68) (1.47) (1.96) (5.12) (1.69) (1.40) (1.45) (0.92) (1.99) (1.77) (1.79) (1.59) (2.14) (1.51) (2.54) (1.99) 2.2 1.6 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.1 3.0 2.7 3.0 1.6 1.8 2.5 1.5 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.6 1.6 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.3 2.1 1.7 2.2 (0.18) (0.14) (0.17) (0.22) (0.18) (0.16) (0.17) (0.16) (0.20) (0.10) (0.14) (0.14) (0.08) (0.15) (0.48) (0.16) (0.15) (0.16) (0.08) (0.23) (0.20) (0.17) (0.13) (0.18) (0.14) (0.11) (0.12) 14.8 4.4 20.9 17.6 19.9 11.7 24.1 18.3 20.7 8.2 7.9 18.3 4.1 17.9 14.5 20.5 16.4 19.3 8.3 17.0 16.1 18.8 18.7 19.6 12.1 7.3 12.4 (1.75) (1.01) (1.41) (1.74) (1.35) (1.77) (1.41) (1.49) (1.31) (1.35) (0.94) (1.32) (0.68) (1.57) (3.49) (1.27) (1.17) (1.30) (0.69) (1.57) (1.31) (1.40) (1.20) (1.20) (1.05) (1.32) (1.28) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 81 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.17 Index of students’ level of concern for environmental issues and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.17 Indice d’inquiétude suscitée par les problèmes environnementaux et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of students’ level of concern for environmental issues All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -0.19 -0.03 -0.09 -0.10 0.02 -0.35 -0.52 0.04 0.08 0.14 0.26 -0.42 -0.26 0.14 0.01 0.07 -0.02 0.57 -0.01 -0.31 -0.40 0.01 0.60 0.18 0.58 -0.43 -0.12 0.88 -0.30 -0.08 0.08 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.42 0.29 0.52 0.37 0.52 0.71 0.44 -0.04 -0.02 0.38 -0.26 -0.01 0.01 -0.06 -0.13 0.06 0.11 0.22 -0.23 -0.16 0.17 0.25 0.11 0.52 0.29 -0.16 0.15 Males S.E. Mean index (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.29 -0.16 -0.15 -0.21 -0.05 -0.44 -0.65 -0.01 -0.04 0.05 0.17 -0.47 -0.37 0.06 -0.07 0.08 -0.12 0.47 -0.10 -0.42 -0.54 -0.13 0.53 0.13 0.47 -0.57 -0.21 0.76 -0.35 -0.21 -0.02 -0.10 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.06) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) 0.33 0.21 0.38 0.24 0.45 0.60 0.35 -0.10 -0.04 0.24 -0.32 -0.09 -0.13 -0.16 -0.15 0.00 0.01 0.17 -0.28 -0.24 0.09 0.20 0.05 0.45 0.09 -0.19 0.10 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -0.07 0.10 -0.01 0.01 0.12 -0.27 -0.38 0.09 0.20 0.23 0.34 -0.36 -0.16 0.22 0.09 0.07 0.09 0.66 0.08 -0.22 -0.25 0.16 0.66 0.23 0.70 -0.27 -0.04 1.03 -0.25 0.06 0.18 0.10 (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.22 -0.26 -0.14 -0.22 -0.17 -0.17 -0.27 -0.10 -0.24 -0.18 -0.17 -0.11 -0.20 -0.16 -0.16 0.01 -0.21 -0.19 -0.19 -0.19 -0.30 -0.29 -0.13 -0.10 -0.23 -0.30 -0.17 -0.27 -0.10 -0.27 -0.20 -0.19 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.09) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) 0.51 0.36 0.64 0.50 0.60 0.80 0.53 0.03 0.00 0.52 -0.20 0.08 0.12 0.03 -0.12 0.13 0.22 0.28 -0.18 -0.08 0.25 0.31 0.17 0.59 0.43 -0.14 0.19 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) -0.18 -0.15 -0.26 -0.27 -0.15 -0.20 -0.19 -0.12 -0.04 -0.28 -0.11 -0.18 -0.26 -0.19 -0.03 -0.13 -0.20 -0.12 -0.10 -0.16 -0.16 -0.11 -0.13 -0.14 -0.34 -0.05 -0.09 Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) (0.01) -1.31 -1.13 -1.14 -1.29 -1.03 -1.46 -1.46 -1.05 -1.05 -0.91 -0.75 -1.62 -1.50 -0.96 -1.07 -0.81 -1.32 -0.59 -1.11 -1.47 -1.72 -1.15 -0.56 -0.91 -0.57 -1.63 -1.20 -0.45 -1.48 -1.40 -1.16 -1.14 (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -0.48 -0.42 -0.44 -0.45 -0.40 -0.66 -0.81 -0.31 -0.28 -0.20 -0.06 -0.88 -0.59 -0.26 -0.35 -0.25 -0.40 0.29 -0.40 -0.62 -0.75 -0.33 0.32 -0.19 0.29 -0.78 -0.47 1.19 -0.60 -0.44 -0.29 -0.32 (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.01 0.18 0.08 0.13 0.21 -0.16 -0.38 0.24 0.30 0.35 0.44 -0.24 -0.04 0.40 0.20 0.16 0.28 1.20 0.18 -0.10 -0.15 0.25 1.24 0.41 1.22 -0.25 0.05 1.39 -0.09 0.21 0.39 0.26 (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.12) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) -0.78 -1.03 -0.75 -0.87 -0.54 -0.57 -0.72 -1.01 -1.16 -0.94 -1.43 -1.10 -1.50 -1.07 -1.32 -0.94 -1.19 -1.00 -1.54 -1.31 -0.88 -0.94 -1.01 -1.01 -0.99 -1.14 -0.87 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.08) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) 0.08 -0.11 0.22 0.01 0.19 0.62 0.07 -0.35 -0.43 0.04 -0.48 -0.38 -0.36 -0.40 -0.51 -0.27 -0.25 -0.14 -0.60 -0.47 -0.15 -0.09 -0.23 0.30 -0.06 -0.47 -0.14 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) 1.00 0.89 1.21 0.94 1.03 1.39 1.01 0.11 0.21 1.02 -0.02 0.20 0.49 0.11 0.08 0.22 0.50 0.64 0.00 0.04 0.34 0.66 0.36 1.39 0.81 0.00 0.37 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 82 Bottom quarter Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 1.03 1.25 1.15 1.20 1.31 0.87 0.58 1.27 1.35 1.32 1.39 1.08 1.08 1.39 1.28 1.19 1.38 1.39 1.28 0.94 1.03 1.29 1.40 1.39 1.40 0.96 1.13 1.40 0.97 1.30 1.39 1.20 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.39 1.40 1.39 1.10 1.30 1.39 0.90 1.27 1.39 1.11 1.21 1.23 1.39 1.39 1.23 1.11 1.37 1.39 1.33 1.40 1.39 0.96 1.24 (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.04) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.17 Index of students’ level of concern for environmental issues and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.17 Indice d’inquiétude suscitée par les problèmes environnementaux et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Third quarter Mean score OECD Bottom quarter Second quarter Partners Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 509 504 503 527 526 490 562 461 501 440 500 503 508 465 510 516 477 376 524 525 485 478 466 494 480 496 494 403 499 469 481 490 (3.4) (5.5) (4.7) (3.1) (5.8) (4.5) (3.5) (5.2) (5.4) (4.8) (4.4) (3.5) (4.1) (2.8) (4.7) (4.6) (3.3) (4.5) (4.6) (4.3) (3.8) (3.3) (5.5) (4.7) (3.3) (4.4) (4.9) (5.2) (3.8) (6.3) (2.1) (0.8) 537 519 528 541 529 500 565 507 535 483 513 507 511 481 536 532 489 425 543 542 503 503 489 491 498 510 522 430 514 500 508 509 (2.7) (5.8) (3.2) (2.4) (5.1) (4.1) (3.4) (4.4) (4.0) (3.8) (3.7) (3.1) (4.6) (2.7) (4.4) (3.9) (3.3) (2.8) (4.1) (4.1) (3.7) (3.0) (3.4) (3.7) (3.2) (4.2) (4.4) (5.2) (3.5) (5.4) (1.7) (0.7) 541 519 522 545 512 502 572 512 530 488 507 491 512 482 548 529 496 421 531 541 496 508 472 490 491 519 519 433 531 505 501 509 (2.7) (4.5) (2.6) (2.7) (3.9) (4.7) (2.8) (3.8) (4.5) (3.6) (3.5) (3.9) (4.0) (2.7) (3.8) (4.1) (3.0) (3.3) (4.4) (3.6) (3.9) (3.4) (3.8) (3.6) (3.5) (2.9) (3.4) (4.7) (2.9) (4.4) (1.2) (0.7) 526 510 510 533 508 496 555 513 526 486 498 471 510 477 533 512 489 420 521 521 478 503 472 485 488 496 514 431 523 487 479 500 (2.4) (4.2) (2.7) (2.7) (4.0) (4.2) (3.3) (3.8) (4.8) (3.9) (3.5) (3.7) (3.9) (2.8) (4.3) (3.9) (2.8) (2.8) (3.9) (3.6) (3.8) (2.9) (4.1) (3.7) (3.3) (3.6) (3.1) (4.8) (3.6) (4.0) (1.3) (0.7) 8.4 3.7 6.0 4.6 -7.0 3.2 -1.6 23.3 11.2 20.1 0.9 -9.9 3.3 5.1 9.6 -0.6 7.7 21.1 -0.8 0.7 1.2 10.6 2.9 -2.9 5.1 2.4 11.4 19.1 11.7 8.9 1.2 6.0 (1.11) (1.89) (2.42) (1.21) (2.31) (2.01) (1.81) (1.91) (1.84) (1.92) (2.26) (1.72) (1.40) (1.41) (1.74) (2.12) (1.47) (1.96) (1.82) (1.71) (1.62) (1.28) (1.88) (2.16) (1.47) (1.50) (1.76) (2.35) (1.38) (1.37) (0.76) (0.33) 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.0 2.1 1.5 2.0 1.3 0.8 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.3 2.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.8 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4 (0.06) (0.08) (0.09) (0.06) (0.08) (0.08) (0.07) (0.12) (0.08) (0.11) (0.11) (0.08) (0.07) (0.08) (0.07) (0.06) (0.09) (0.13) (0.09) (0.07) (0.08) (0.08) (0.10) (0.08) (0.07) (0.11) (0.07) (0.16) (0.06) (0.10) (0.03) (0.02) 0.7 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.0 4.6 1.2 3.6 0.0 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.9 0.0 0.7 5.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 1.1 4.1 1.3 0.9 0.0 1.0 (0.19) (0.12) (0.26) (0.13) (0.29) (0.14) (0.06) (0.73) (0.39) (0.70) (0.05) (0.40) (0.11) (0.14) (0.32) (0.04) (0.28) (0.98) (0.05) (0.03) (0.07) (0.31) (0.11) (0.12) (0.13) (0.10) (0.36) (0.95) (0.29) (0.26) (0.02) (0.07) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 360 368 349 414 420 361 495 532 548 360 423 389 301 491 513 489 493 399 336 396 460 428 509 490 380 360 431 (8.0) (3.3) (3.5) (7.5) (5.4) (5.2) (3.6) (4.1) (3.9) (5.6) (5.1) (3.7) (3.5) (5.2) (9.4) (4.7) (2.8) (2.5) (2.4) (4.6) (5.9) (4.1) (3.5) (5.2) (2.9) (4.0) (4.2) 399 385 398 453 441 401 502 539 553 405 467 425 329 492 530 499 514 419 354 423 487 442 536 554 432 387 434 (7.1) (3.3) (4.2) (6.9) (5.0) (4.0) (3.5) (3.8) (3.4) (9.3) (4.8) (3.9) (4.6) (3.5) (11.1) (4.2) (2.6) (2.3) (2.1) (5.7) (4.0) (4.0) (3.4) (3.2) (3.2) (4.1) (3.6) 411 389 408 447 447 397 490 527 541 405 477 442 334 492 536 492 520 425 369 433 494 441 524 544 438 401 433 (5.2) (3.5) (3.8) (6.3) (5.5) (4.2) (3.9) (2.9) (3.9) (5.0) (4.3) (3.7) (3.8) (3.0) (9.4) (3.9) (2.6) (3.9) (2.1) (4.4) (3.9) (3.8) (3.2) (4.3) (3.2) (3.9) (3.9) 407 392 410 435 448 395 487 530 528 405 473 437 337 484 515 474 518 411 349 423 478 435 515 543 435 398 423 (5.7) (3.5) (3.5) (6.0) (5.0) (5.4) (3.7) (3.5) (3.6) (4.2) (4.7) (3.4) (3.3) (3.8) (8.8) (3.0) (2.9) (3.4) (2.4) (4.8) (4.2) (3.8) (3.1) (4.4) (3.2) (3.1) (3.9) 23.2 8.4 24.2 10.1 15.1 18.4 -2.0 -0.2 -7.3 15.5 18.0 19.8 11.9 -2.0 1.6 -4.4 8.4 5.9 4.8 11.4 9.0 2.8 2.4 18.3 20.5 16.0 -1.8 (2.88) (1.04) (1.81) (2.36) (1.83) (2.32) (1.84) (2.05) (1.75) (1.67) (2.20) (1.59) (1.17) (1.85) (4.01) (2.14) (1.33) (1.27) (1.14) (1.82) (2.62) (1.50) (1.72) (1.27) (1.30) (1.54) (1.98) 2.1 1.6 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.2 1.1 0.9 2.3 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.4 2.4 2.5 1.8 1.1 (0.13) (0.11) (0.14) (0.14) (0.10) (0.15) (0.08) (0.08) (0.06) (0.15) (0.10) (0.12) (0.12) (0.07) (0.28) (0.08) (0.11) (0.09) (0.10) (0.10) (0.13) (0.08) (0.09) (0.12) (0.15) (0.10) (0.07) 4.5 2.3 6.4 0.8 1.8 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.6 5.0 2.7 4.4 2.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.2 0.5 0.4 1.8 0.8 0.1 0.1 4.7 6.9 2.7 0.0 (1.14) (0.58) (0.79) (0.39) (0.43) (0.98) (0.08) (0.04) (0.28) (1.32) (0.65) (0.68) (0.64) (0.07) (0.22) (0.17) (0.39) (0.23) (0.20) (0.63) (0.44) (0.11) (0.08) (0.60) (0.78) (0.53) (0.06) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 83 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.18 Index of students’ optimism regarding environmental issues and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.18 Indice d’optimisme à l’égard des problèmes environnementaux et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of students’ optimism regarding environmental issues All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -0.13 -0.21 -0.17 -0.22 0.06 0.07 0.00 -0.11 -0.10 0.06 -0.05 0.03 0.12 0.03 0.10 0.37 -0.18 -0.14 0.09 -0.22 0.42 0.19 -0.20 -0.08 0.17 0.19 -0.10 -0.08 -0.07 0.14 0.03 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.15 0.63 0.01 0.68 0.29 0.30 -0.29 0.02 0.33 0.16 0.48 0.24 0.72 0.16 -0.26 0.18 0.36 0.60 0.73 0.51 0.57 0.28 -0.12 0.03 0.58 0.30 -0.03 Males S.E. Mean index (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -0.03 -0.12 -0.11 -0.07 0.14 0.16 0.10 -0.09 -0.01 0.20 -0.02 0.09 0.24 0.11 0.16 0.42 -0.09 -0.14 0.16 -0.14 0.54 0.26 -0.09 -0.02 0.24 0.29 -0.02 0.04 0.05 0.32 0.14 0.09 (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.06) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.05) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) 0.12 0.54 0.01 0.82 0.31 0.35 -0.20 0.09 0.36 0.18 0.55 0.32 0.65 0.22 -0.24 0.21 0.46 0.64 0.75 0.58 0.60 0.37 0.00 0.06 0.61 0.29 -0.04 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -0.24 -0.31 -0.23 -0.37 -0.04 -0.01 -0.10 -0.13 -0.20 -0.08 -0.09 -0.02 0.01 -0.04 0.04 0.31 -0.26 -0.14 0.02 -0.30 0.30 0.12 -0.30 -0.15 0.10 0.10 -0.18 -0.22 -0.19 -0.04 -0.07 -0.09 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) 0.21 0.20 0.12 0.30 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.03 0.19 0.29 0.07 0.12 0.23 0.15 0.12 0.11 0.17 0.00 0.15 0.15 0.24 0.15 0.21 0.12 0.14 0.19 0.16 0.25 0.24 0.36 0.20 0.17 (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.09) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) 0.19 0.72 0.01 0.54 0.27 0.26 -0.38 -0.06 0.30 0.13 0.42 0.17 0.79 0.10 -0.28 0.15 0.25 0.56 0.72 0.45 0.55 0.19 -0.24 -0.01 0.56 0.31 -0.01 (0.04) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.08) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) -0.07 -0.18 0.00 0.28 0.04 0.09 0.18 0.15 0.05 0.05 0.13 0.15 -0.15 0.11 0.05 0.06 0.21 0.08 0.03 0.13 0.06 0.19 0.24 0.07 0.05 -0.02 -0.03 Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.43 -1.29 -1.41 -1.54 -1.14 -1.01 -1.13 -1.30 -1.25 -1.25 -1.30 -1.17 -1.10 -1.15 -1.30 -1.08 -1.43 -1.55 -1.15 -1.53 -0.80 -1.10 -1.59 -1.34 -1.12 -1.06 -1.26 -1.61 -1.45 -1.33 -1.34 -1.27 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) -0.42 -0.40 -0.40 -0.49 -0.15 -0.11 -0.15 -0.36 -0.28 -0.19 -0.24 -0.15 -0.10 -0.17 -0.09 0.11 -0.41 -0.52 -0.12 -0.49 0.19 -0.06 -0.57 -0.33 -0.07 -0.01 -0.29 -0.61 -0.36 -0.11 -0.24 -0.25 (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) 0.20 0.08 0.15 0.15 0.36 0.36 0.30 0.18 0.19 0.40 0.25 0.35 0.43 0.33 0.48 0.68 0.13 0.14 0.42 0.13 0.67 0.50 0.04 0.24 0.50 0.51 0.18 0.31 0.27 0.49 0.38 0.31 (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.06) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) (0.12) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) -1.34 -1.01 -1.60 -0.89 -1.08 -1.29 -1.61 -1.18 -0.94 -1.26 -0.98 -1.39 -0.83 -0.86 -1.50 -1.07 -0.99 -0.79 -0.78 -0.76 -0.56 -1.19 -1.34 -1.44 -1.02 -1.13 -1.49 (0.01) (0.03) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) -0.15 0.33 -0.43 0.39 0.03 -0.10 -0.62 -0.20 0.09 -0.09 0.22 -0.13 0.50 -0.07 -0.48 -0.08 0.06 0.31 0.46 0.23 0.29 -0.05 -0.37 -0.32 0.26 0.11 -0.40 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) 0.55 1.01 0.41 1.02 0.64 0.68 0.00 0.29 0.65 0.50 0.82 0.66 1.10 0.40 0.07 0.47 0.66 0.88 1.01 0.78 0.80 0.61 0.19 0.40 0.94 0.72 0.34 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 84 Bottom quarter Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 1.13 0.76 0.98 1.02 1.17 1.06 0.98 1.04 0.92 1.28 1.09 1.10 1.26 1.14 1.32 1.76 0.99 1.35 1.22 1.01 1.64 1.42 1.32 1.10 1.38 1.33 0.98 1.60 1.25 1.50 1.34 1.20 (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) 1.57 2.19 1.66 2.22 1.58 1.91 1.06 1.18 1.52 1.49 1.86 1.82 2.12 1.18 0.89 1.42 1.70 1.99 2.24 1.80 1.76 1.75 1.04 1.48 2.12 1.49 1.44 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.18 Index of students’ optimism regarding environmental issues and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.18 Indice d’optimisme à l’égard des problèmes environnementaux et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Third quarter Mean score OECD Bottom quarter Second quarter Partners Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 536 525 532 540 531 506 579 532 524 501 523 509 527 509 532 523 505 439 533 550 496 512 502 505 505 514 528 450 530 508 505 517 (2.7) (4.6) (2.4) (2.6) (3.9) (4.0) (3.0) (4.2) (4.8) (3.4) (3.4) (3.0) (3.8) (2.5) (4.5) (3.3) (2.4) (3.0) (3.5) (3.4) (3.4) (3.1) (3.0) (3.9) (3.4) (3.3) (3.5) (5.3) (3.4) (4.1) (1.5) (0.7) 537 525 534 545 527 502 574 523 533 498 519 504 517 498 539 530 506 430 534 551 508 513 491 504 505 513 523 447 530 509 507 516 (2.8) (4.6) (2.9) (2.7) (4.1) (3.9) (2.9) (3.7) (4.0) (3.7) (3.2) (3.4) (3.8) (2.6) (4.0) (4.2) (2.5) (2.5) (3.6) (3.7) (3.0) (3.0) (3.5) (3.4) (3.1) (3.4) (3.2) (5.1) (3.4) (4.2) (1.3) (0.6) 535 511 521 542 524 498 563 495 528 473 505 492 510 473 533 531 488 409 536 533 486 496 480 495 492 506 515 416 525 487 498 503 (2.7) (4.7) (2.8) (2.3) (4.3) (4.3) (3.9) (4.5) (5.2) (4.1) (4.0) (3.1) (4.3) (2.6) (4.3) (4.3) (2.8) (3.5) (4.4) (3.5) (4.2) (3.4) (4.2) (4.0) (3.1) (4.1) (3.8) (4.6) (3.6) (5.6) (1.4) (0.7) 505 488 476 520 495 483 539 441 506 424 471 465 486 425 522 505 451 363 515 495 472 472 426 456 455 489 482 383 482 456 460 472 (3.6) (6.8) (4.4) (2.6) (6.2) (4.8) (3.3) (4.9) (5.5) (4.2) (3.8) (3.6) (4.5) (2.8) (4.3) (5.1) (2.8) (3.7) (5.6) (4.4) (3.8) (3.6) (4.6) (4.2) (3.2) (3.8) (4.9) (2.9) (4.2) (6.9) (2.3) (0.8) -12.2 -19.5 -22.6 -8.6 -15.1 -9.7 -17.4 -35.6 -8.5 -28.3 -21.3 -19.5 -17.3 -32.9 -4.6 -6.6 -21.9 -25.1 -8.1 -22.9 -10.4 -15.6 -24.8 -19.4 -20.3 -11.5 -19.7 -21.2 -17.7 -19.4 -16.5 -17.9 (1.11) (2.61) (1.80) (1.02) (2.11) (2.34) (1.49) (2.06) (1.99) (1.48) (1.67) (1.70) (1.55) (1.38) (1.50) (1.50) (1.29) (1.49) (2.08) (1.39) (1.55) (1.25) (1.40) (1.82) (1.21) (1.44) (1.76) (1.68) (1.43) (2.23) (0.89) (0.31) 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.4 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 (0.04) (0.06) (0.04) (0.05) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) (0.05) (0.07) (0.05) (0.06) (0.06) (0.05) (0.03) (0.07) (0.07) (0.05) (0.05) (0.07) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.07) (0.05) (0.06) (0.04) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) (0.02) (0.01) 1.6 2.7 4.9 0.9 2.1 0.8 3.0 11.0 0.6 9.5 5.2 3.4 3.1 10.0 0.2 0.7 4.7 12.2 0.7 4.6 1.2 3.1 10.3 4.1 5.0 1.5 3.1 10.5 3.1 4.2 2.8 4.3 (0.29) (0.68) (0.72) (0.21) (0.60) (0.38) (0.51) (1.11) (0.27) (0.90) (0.81) (0.58) (0.52) (0.75) (0.15) (0.30) (0.56) (1.24) (0.34) (0.57) (0.36) (0.49) (1.06) (0.79) (0.59) (0.35) (0.53) (1.15) (0.49) (0.90) (0.30) (0.12) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 431 385 429 475 480 428 512 558 548 417 496 464 328 504 527 501 520 447 381 446 489 468 523 528 460 435 464 (5.3) (3.4) (3.7) (6.2) (4.7) (4.4) (3.1) (3.3) (4.3) (6.1) (4.3) (3.6) (4.8) (3.2) (10.3) (3.5) (2.7) (2.8) (2.6) (4.7) (4.0) (3.3) (2.9) (4.2) (3.2) (4.5) (3.0) 424 387 415 452 456 408 509 546 556 399 487 445 325 504 542 498 521 429 359 434 495 460 530 549 433 405 447 (5.3) (3.7) (3.6) (7.9) (4.5) (4.3) (2.9) (3.1) (3.5) (6.1) (4.5) (4.1) (3.7) (4.0) (10.2) (3.4) (2.6) (2.6) (2.3) (4.9) (4.5) (3.7) (3.0) (3.4) (2.7) (4.6) (3.9) 385 382 381 418 428 375 502 531 541 384 436 406 326 490 528 489 515 402 340 402 471 425 526 543 402 357 428 (7.9) (3.4) (3.6) (6.5) (4.4) (4.4) (3.2) (3.1) (3.5) (7.2) (5.4) (3.5) (3.7) (4.1) (10.6) (4.4) (2.6) (2.6) (2.3) (5.2) (4.5) (3.8) (3.8) (4.2) (3.4) (3.3) (4.3) 338 379 340 407 390 344 451 491 526 374 423 377 321 461 492 465 488 373 328 392 463 391 505 511 391 349 382 (6.2) (3.3) (2.9) (5.6) (4.2) (4.8) (3.6) (4.0) (3.7) (5.0) (4.9) (3.1) (3.4) (5.0) (11.1) (4.1) (2.5) (2.1) (1.9) (4.9) (4.3) (3.7) (4.0) (5.0) (2.9) (2.8) (4.0) -31.4 -1.7 -26.8 -20.3 -32.7 -25.5 -23.6 -25.6 -9.6 -14.9 -23.8 -27.1 -1.0 -19.2 -11.5 -14.0 -11.4 -24.5 -15.9 -19.7 -9.8 -25.5 -7.9 -8.8 -21.9 -32.5 -27.7 (1.90) (0.85) (1.03) (2.01) (1.16) (1.86) (1.30) (1.65) (1.72) (1.45) (1.78) (1.19) (1.54) (2.05) (5.12) (1.37) (1.42) (1.17) (1.16) (1.45) (1.48) (1.38) (1.90) (1.29) (1.22) (1.75) (1.42) 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.3 0.4 (0.05) (0.08) (0.04) (0.06) (0.03) (0.05) (0.05) (0.05) (0.07) (0.04) (0.05) (0.04) (0.09) (0.06) (0.26) (0.06) (0.06) (0.04) (0.06) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) (0.07) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.05) 12.8 0.1 14.3 5.5 14.1 13.9 8.3 8.2 1.1 5.3 5.9 14.4 0.0 3.6 1.3 2.4 2.5 11.6 5.1 6.3 1.1 12.0 0.6 1.2 12.0 17.0 11.4 (1.34) (0.14) (0.99) (0.95) (0.88) (1.61) (0.91) (0.98) (0.38) (0.78) (0.87) (1.07) (0.07) (0.74) (1.10) (0.49) (0.61) (1.05) (0.70) (0.84) (0.32) (1.16) (0.30) (0.34) (1.14) (1.30) (1.13) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 85 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.19 Index of students’ responsibility for sustainable development and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.19 Indice de responsabilisation à l’égard du développement durable et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of students’ responsibility for sustainable development All students Partners OECD Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -0.25 0.01 0.01 0.02 -0.29 -0.25 -0.10 0.28 -0.10 0.17 0.22 -0.28 -0.01 0.08 0.04 0.43 0.08 0.39 -0.48 -0.34 -0.27 0.17 0.52 -0.25 0.31 -0.33 0.04 0.73 -0.27 -0.33 0.00 0.00 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.04 0.02 0.06 0.04 0.37 0.19 0.00 -0.17 0.29 -0.02 m 0.25 0.02 -0.38 0.05 -0.04 0.36 0.27 0.21 -0.11 0.00 0.15 0.17 0.76 0.30 0.19 0.04 Males S.E. Mean index (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.34 -0.07 -0.03 -0.10 -0.28 -0.37 -0.36 0.27 -0.13 0.12 0.20 -0.41 -0.10 0.04 -0.01 0.38 0.03 0.37 -0.48 -0.44 -0.41 0.12 0.50 -0.17 0.30 -0.46 -0.01 0.66 -0.31 -0.39 -0.04 -0.06 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) m (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) 0.08 0.02 0.06 0.01 0.43 0.25 0.02 -0.21 0.30 0.02 m 0.16 -0.01 -0.38 0.02 -0.05 0.33 0.27 0.13 -0.08 0.02 0.21 0.11 0.72 0.19 0.16 0.05 Females Gender difference (M - F) S.E. Mean index S.E. Dif. (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.16 0.09 0.06 0.13 -0.30 -0.13 0.15 0.28 -0.07 0.21 0.24 -0.14 0.08 0.13 0.09 0.47 0.12 0.41 -0.47 -0.26 -0.13 0.21 0.55 -0.33 0.33 -0.19 0.11 0.81 -0.23 -0.27 0.05 0.06 (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.18 -0.16 -0.09 -0.23 0.03 -0.24 -0.51 -0.01 -0.06 -0.09 -0.04 -0.27 -0.18 -0.10 -0.09 -0.09 -0.09 -0.03 0.00 -0.17 -0.28 -0.09 -0.06 0.16 -0.03 -0.27 -0.12 -0.15 -0.08 -0.12 -0.09 -0.12 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) m (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.11) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) 0.00 0.02 0.05 0.06 0.30 0.14 -0.02 -0.13 0.28 -0.06 m 0.34 0.05 -0.39 0.08 -0.02 0.39 0.27 0.28 -0.13 -0.01 0.10 0.23 0.81 0.38 0.22 0.04 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) m (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) 0.08 0.00 0.01 -0.05 0.12 0.11 0.04 -0.08 0.02 0.08 m -0.19 -0.06 0.01 -0.06 -0.03 -0.06 0.00 -0.16 0.05 0.03 0.11 -0.12 -0.08 -0.19 -0.06 0.02 Second quarter Third quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) -1.24 -1.24 -1.07 -1.13 -1.21 -1.25 -1.26 -0.88 -1.34 -0.92 -0.87 -1.44 -1.08 -0.88 -1.10 -0.64 -1.26 -0.72 -1.37 -1.30 -1.49 -0.88 -0.54 -1.17 -0.75 -1.50 -1.19 -0.66 -1.29 -1.34 -1.15 -1.10 (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.07) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -0.57 -0.34 -0.36 -0.42 -0.61 -0.58 -0.51 -0.11 -0.42 -0.18 -0.14 -0.64 -0.37 -0.24 -0.34 0.02 -0.28 0.08 -0.79 -0.66 -0.61 -0.27 0.12 -0.56 -0.06 -0.65 -0.32 0.32 -0.63 -0.65 -0.40 -0.36 (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) -0.12 0.33 0.23 0.20 -0.14 -0.11 0.09 0.53 0.18 0.40 0.44 -0.08 0.23 0.28 0.26 0.62 0.37 0.62 -0.35 -0.21 -0.08 0.36 0.74 -0.09 0.52 -0.15 0.33 1.06 -0.15 -0.22 0.22 0.20 (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) m (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.12) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) -1.01 -1.06 -0.90 -0.96 -0.73 -0.82 -0.92 -1.19 -0.66 -0.89 m -0.94 -1.02 -1.22 -1.20 -1.01 -0.62 -0.84 -1.18 -1.10 -0.94 -0.90 -0.94 -0.43 -0.67 -0.96 -0.96 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) m (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.07) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) -0.30 -0.34 -0.31 -0.32 0.04 -0.13 -0.31 -0.50 -0.10 -0.30 m -0.06 -0.33 -0.66 -0.32 -0.39 0.02 -0.10 -0.21 -0.45 -0.35 -0.24 -0.20 0.40 -0.09 -0.12 -0.31 (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) m (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) 0.26 0.19 0.23 0.19 0.60 0.39 0.19 0.04 0.47 0.17 m 0.51 0.22 -0.24 0.31 0.15 0.55 0.48 0.50 0.07 0.18 0.34 0.39 1.04 0.52 0.45 0.24 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 86 Bottom quarter Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Top quarter S.E. Mean index S.E. (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.93 1.28 1.25 1.43 0.81 0.94 1.27 1.57 1.17 1.37 1.45 1.05 1.19 1.19 1.33 1.70 1.47 1.59 0.61 0.79 1.09 1.46 1.78 0.83 1.54 0.97 1.36 2.20 1.00 0.90 1.34 1.25 (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) m (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) 1.20 1.30 1.22 1.24 1.57 1.34 1.04 0.98 1.46 0.96 m 1.49 1.23 0.58 1.42 1.10 1.49 1.55 1.72 1.05 1.10 1.42 1.44 2.06 1.43 1.39 1.21 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) m (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.19 Index of students’ responsibility for sustainable development and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 3.19 Indice de responsabilisation à l’égard du développement durable et scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Third quarter Mean score OECD Bottom quarter Second quarter Partners Top quarter Change in the science score per unit of this index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 495 474 488 509 487 462 528 452 489 426 473 447 467 447 496 487 455 373 505 503 450 459 433 456 454 472 473 390 472 461 467 466 (2.8) (4.7) (3.7) (2.4) (4.7) (4.4) (3.0) (5.3) (5.6) (3.9) (3.8) (3.7) (4.2) (2.8) (4.6) (4.6) (2.5) (3.5) (4.5) (3.9) (3.5) (3.6) (4.1) (3.8) (4.0) (2.9) (3.6) (3.9) (3.9) (4.5) (1.8) (0.7) 511 503 508 519 511 484 552 488 518 467 497 483 500 466 521 531 479 407 525 518 481 487 475 483 487 495 500 427 499 479 483 493 (2.6) (5.1) (3.5) (2.9) (4.6) (3.8) (2.9) (4.0) (3.6) (3.9) (4.0) (3.6) (4.2) (2.8) (4.0) (3.6) (3.1) (3.3) (3.6) (4.2) (3.8) (3.2) (3.4) (3.9) (2.9) (4.5) (3.6) (4.4) (3.2) (5.4) (1.6) (0.7) 538 528 525 549 528 509 575 514 534 495 519 509 525 488 552 535 499 424 537 536 504 514 494 497 503 514 525 440 525 490 504 514 (2.8) (4.8) (3.2) (2.9) (4.4) (3.9) (2.3) (4.1) (4.6) (4.1) (3.7) (3.7) (3.9) (2.5) (3.5) (4.1) (3.2) (3.2) (4.0) (4.0) (3.7) (3.2) (3.8) (3.8) (3.1) (3.5) (3.8) (5.1) (3.2) (4.9) (1.5) (0.7) 570 545 542 570 548 535 599 538 552 510 529 532 547 504 558 536 517 438 552 573 529 533 497 525 515 541 551 441 570 531 515 534 (2.6) (4.1) (2.9) (2.7) (4.4) (3.3) (2.7) (3.7) (4.8) (3.7) (3.6) (3.7) (3.8) (2.8) (4.6) (4.3) (2.9) (3.2) (4.4) (4.2) (3.4) (3.0) (3.6) (4.0) (3.1) (3.7) (3.7) (5.1) (3.3) (5.3) (1.3) (0.7) 31.7 26.6 22.4 23.8 25.3 29.8 25.6 33.4 23.3 33.4 22.5 30.3 32.5 25.4 24.1 17.9 21.5 26.8 20.6 31.0 27.5 27.9 23.9 29.8 23.2 26.6 29.0 17.1 38.7 28.1 18.0 26.7 (1.16) (1.77) (1.84) (1.07) (2.25) (2.02) (1.22) (1.63) (2.24) (1.85) (1.97) (1.97) (1.62) (1.44) (1.82) (2.03) (1.25) (1.44) (1.73) (1.79) (1.52) (1.41) (1.61) (2.41) (1.41) (1.44) (1.37) (1.66) (1.49) (1.97) (0.69) (0.31) 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.2 1.7 2.5 1.8 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.6 2.2 1.5 1.5 2.0 2.0 2.3 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.9 (0.06) (0.11) (0.08) (0.07) (0.14) (0.11) (0.10) (0.16) (0.10) (0.16) (0.12) (0.15) (0.12) (0.08) (0.09) (0.10) (0.08) (0.12) (0.10) (0.09) (0.13) (0.10) (0.15) (0.10) (0.10) (0.11) (0.09) (0.14) (0.13) (0.10) (0.04) (0.02) 8.2 7.6 4.7 6.9 4.9 8.5 9.3 11.1 6.0 11.5 5.8 10.4 10.1 5.1 5.8 3.4 6.1 9.5 3.3 6.4 10.0 8.9 6.2 6.8 5.7 8.4 9.0 5.5 11.6 6.2 3.1 7.4 (0.56) (0.83) (0.78) (0.62) (0.84) (0.98) (0.87) (1.05) (1.09) (1.18) (0.99) (1.26) (0.95) (0.58) (0.87) (0.71) (0.69) (0.95) (0.56) (0.74) (1.22) (0.84) (0.78) (0.94) (0.68) (0.87) (0.72) (0.94) (0.92) (0.78) (0.22) (0.16) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 362 370 361 413 402 358 470 501 503 361 m 380 310 476 484 466 487 394 324 380 466 424 492 495 386 349 406 (6.1) (3.2) (3.5) (6.4) (4.6) (4.8) (3.4) (3.3) (4.0) (3.1) m (4.1) (4.2) (3.9) (11.3) (4.4) (3.0) (2.9) (2.3) (4.7) (5.3) (4.2) (3.4) (5.3) (2.7) (3.5) (3.9) 393 384 391 431 434 387 487 524 540 391 m 424 326 480 512 479 510 415 357 409 471 431 509 543 412 386 424 (6.1) (3.2) (3.4) (6.6) (4.7) (4.6) (2.9) (2.8) (3.8) (5.8) m (3.5) (3.5) (4.0) (12.2) (3.7) (2.7) (2.4) (2.5) (4.4) (5.0) (3.5) (3.7) (4.3) (2.9) (4.2) (4.2) 408 389 398 455 453 400 508 542 562 408 m 442 335 491 544 501 522 422 368 437 485 446 537 552 437 401 441 (7.7) (3.2) (3.8) (6.7) (5.1) (4.9) (3.2) (3.6) (4.5) (7.3) m (3.6) (3.8) (4.4) (12.0) (4.1) (2.5) (2.7) (1.9) (5.4) (3.8) (3.6) (3.6) (3.7) (3.3) (4.4) (3.7) 419 392 416 452 466 409 510 559 565 415 m 445 331 513 549 508 526 422 358 450 496 444 547 540 451 410 455 (6.6) (3.8) (3.7) (6.7) (5.6) (3.9) (3.1) (3.5) (3.9) (7.0) m (3.7) (4.2) (4.8) (8.6) (3.2) (2.6) (3.0) (2.1) (5.2) (4.2) (4.1) (3.3) (3.4) (3.2) (3.3) (3.8) 22.4 8.6 22.8 14.2 25.6 21.6 19.6 24.9 25.8 25.3 m 24.7 8.9 16.4 25.3 19.3 15.6 8.3 10.0 27.8 13.8 7.2 21.8 16.4 28.7 24.5 19.3 (2.55) (1.25) (1.80) (2.66) (2.05) (2.33) (1.64) (1.54) (2.18) (2.58) m (1.73) (2.14) (2.68) (4.30) (1.85) (1.66) (1.62) (0.95) (2.20) (2.02) (1.69) (1.64) (1.61) (1.70) (1.45) (2.02) 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.4 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.8 2.0 2.0 m 2.3 1.5 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.8 2.1 1.4 1.3 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.2 1.5 (0.14) (0.12) (0.09) (0.11) (0.14) (0.16) (0.09) (0.15) (0.13) (0.15) m (0.13) (0.10) (0.13) (0.34) (0.10) (0.11) (0.10) (0.10) (0.18) (0.10) (0.10) (0.10) (0.10) (0.18) (0.18) (0.10) 4.2 2.2 4.8 1.5 6.6 5.0 3.4 6.9 5.9 7.4 m 7.3 1.0 2.1 7.6 3.4 2.8 1.0 2.0 9.3 1.6 0.7 4.7 2.9 9.9 8.0 3.4 (0.94) (0.59) (0.74) (0.54) (0.92) (0.92) (0.53) (0.83) (0.97) (1.10) m (0.91) (0.47) (0.63) (2.52) (0.60) (0.60) (0.40) (0.37) (1.17) (0.45) (0.30) (0.73) (0.56) (0.95) (0.92) (0.67) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 87 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.20 Proportion of between-school variance for science attitudinal indices1 Tableau 3.20 Part de variance inter-établissements des indices d’attitude en sciences Proportion of between-school variance for: General value of science Personal value of science Self-efficacy in science Self-concept in science General interest in science Enjoyment of science Instrumental motivation to learn science Partners OECD Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 0.04 0.08 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.06 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.03 0.04 0.04 (0.004) (0.015) (0.007) (0.003) (0.007) (0.006) (0.006) (0.009) (0.007) (0.006) (0.008) (0.022) (0.006) (0.004) (0.008) (0.009) (0.009) (0.002) (0.005) (0.007) (0.014) (0.005) (0.006) (0.011) (0.002) (0.011) (0.008) (0.011) (0.003) (0.007) (0.002) 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.02 0.01 0.06 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.07 0.03 0.02 0.04 (0.005) (0.009) (0.005) (0.003) (0.008) (0.012) (0.006) (0.011) (0.011) (0.007) (0.008) (0.029) (0.008) (0.003) (0.005) (0.013) (0.006) (0.002) (0.005) (0.008) (0.012) (0.005) (0.005) (0.010) (0.002) (0.011) (0.008) (0.011) (0.003) (0.007) (0.002) 0.08 0.13 0.10 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.03 0.07 0.10 0.05 0.05 0.02 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.04 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.08 0.10 0.05 0.04 0.06 (0.008) (0.012) (0.010) (0.003) (0.007) (0.011) (0.006) (0.010) (0.011) (0.006) (0.007) (0.021) (0.010) (0.005) (0.008) (0.010) (0.008) (0.003) (0.008) (0.008) (0.012) (0.006) (0.005) (0.012) (0.003) (0.011) (0.008) (0.016) (0.003) (0.008) (0.002) 0.04 0.08 0.07 0.06 0.03 0.05 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.06 0.03 0.03 0.04 (0.005) (0.014) (0.008) (0.005) (0.005) (0.010) (0.006) (0.009) (0.009) (0.009) (0.009) (0.026) (0.010) (0.003) (0.008) (0.012) (0.009) (0.002) (0.007) (0.009) (0.009) (0.004) (0.006) (0.008) (0.003) (0.009) (0.008) (0.008) (0.003) (0.006) (0.002) 0.04 0.06 0.13 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.03 0.08 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.07 0.03 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.05 (0.004) (0.009) (0.016) (0.004) (0.008) (0.013) (0.008) (0.009) (0.009) (0.010) (0.010) (0.035) (0.009) (0.004) (0.007) (0.010) (0.008) (0.003) (0.008) (0.009) (0.014) (0.004) (0.006) (0.018) (0.003) (0.010) (0.006) (0.007) (0.004) (0.007) (0.002) 0.06 0.15 0.10 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.02 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.04 0.07 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.09 0.06 0.04 0.03 0.06 (0.007) (0.016) (0.011) (0.004) (0.006) (0.009) (0.006) (0.011) (0.011) (0.008) (0.009) (0.031) (0.009) (0.004) (0.009) (0.016) (0.009) (0.002) (0.008) (0.007) (0.011) (0.006) (0.003) (0.009) (0.003) (0.010) (0.008) (0.008) (0.003) (0.006) (0.002) 0.04 0.14 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.02 0.02 0.07 0.05 0.02 0.07 0.04 0.05 0.08 0.11 0.05 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.06 0.10 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.01 0.05 (0.004) (0.018) (0.006) (0.005) (0.006) (0.013) (0.006) (0.010) (0.010) (0.009) (0.009) (0.028) (0.009) (0.004) (0.011) (0.020) (0.007) (0.003) (0.007) (0.009) (0.010) (0.004) (0.007) (0.015) (0.004) (0.011) (0.010) (0.007) (0.003) (0.005) (0.002) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.04 0.08 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.04 0.10 0.05 0.04 0.02 0.06 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.06 0.06 0.02 0.02 0.07 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.02 (0.009) (0.014) (0.005) (0.015) (0.009) (0.008) (0.007) (0.005) (0.007) (0.004) (0.013) (0.007) (0.006) (0.006) (0.050) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.021) (0.010) (0.005) (0.008) (0.022) (0.005) (0.008) (0.007) (0.016) 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.03 0.12 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.04 0.01 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.06 (0.010) (0.016) (0.006) (0.010) (0.008) (0.007) (0.006) (0.006) (0.007) (0.004) (0.015) (0.004) (0.006) (0.005) (0.026) (0.007) (0.003) (0.009) (0.015) (0.007) (0.006) (0.006) (0.026) (0.003) (0.004) (0.006) (0.010) 0.05 0.13 0.08 0.15 0.08 0.04 0.06 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.07 0.04 0.07 0.03 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.10 0.07 0.03 0.03 0.05 (0.010) (0.028) (0.006) (0.043) (0.009) (0.007) (0.005) (0.006) (0.007) (0.005) (0.012) (0.005) (0.010) (0.005) (0.042) (0.006) (0.008) (0.013) (0.019) (0.016) (0.008) (0.009) (0.024) (0.007) (0.005) (0.006) (0.013) 0.05 0.09 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.08 0.11 0.03 0.07 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.02 0.03 (0.012) (0.011) (0.004) (0.014) (0.008) (0.005) (0.007) (0.005) (0.008) (0.006) (0.013) (0.004) (0.007) (0.005) (0.012) (0.006) (0.009) (0.007) (0.014) (0.009) (0.005) (0.007) (0.018) (0.005) (0.010) (0.006) (0.012) 0.10 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.03 0.06 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.23 0.03 0.06 0.02 0.10 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.05 (0.025) (0.009) (0.005) (0.019) (0.006) (0.009) (0.006) (0.004) (0.006) (0.004) (0.022) (0.005) (0.006) (0.004) (0.042) (0.004) (0.005) (0.010) (0.021) (0.009) (0.007) (0.014) (0.022) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.014) 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.02 0.04 0.15 0.03 0.09 0.03 0.11 0.03 0.01 0.06 0.06 0.02 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.05 (0.012) (0.009) (0.004) (0.011) (0.008) (0.007) (0.005) (0.006) (0.005) (0.004) (0.015) (0.006) (0.006) (0.007) (0.039) (0.007) (0.004) (0.009) (0.013) (0.006) (0.006) (0.007) (0.022) (0.005) (0.004) (0.006) (0.012) 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.08 0.02 0.01 0.05 0.09 0.03 0.07 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.08 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.04 (0.011) (0.009) (0.004) (0.008) (0.008) (0.007) (0.010) (0.006) (0.011) (0.004) (0.020) (0.004) (0.005) (0.005) (0.036) (0.007) (0.008) (0.026) (0.012) (0.006) (0.005) (0.007) (0.021) (0.003) (0.003) (0.006) (0.016) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 88 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.20 Proportion of between-school variance for science attitudinal indices1 Tableau 3.20 Part de variance inter-établissements des indices d’attitude en sciences Proportion of between-school variance for: Future-oriented motivation to learn science Science-related activities Awareness of environmental issues Level of concern for environmental issues Optimism regarding environmental issues Responsibility for sustainable development Partners OECD Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Proportion S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 0.03 0.09 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.03 0.01 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.09 0.03 0.03 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.07 0.06 0.03 0.01 0.05 (0.004) (0.009) (0.006) (0.004) (0.006) (0.011) (0.006) (0.010) (0.009) (0.009) (0.010) (0.022) (0.009) (0.005) (0.009) (0.024) (0.007) (0.003) (0.006) (0.007) (0.009) (0.005) (0.005) (0.013) (0.004) (0.009) (0.009) (0.008) (0.003) (0.007) (0.002) 0.04 0.07 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.01 0.06 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.06 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.04 (0.005) (0.009) (0.005) (0.003) (0.005) (0.008) (0.006) (0.009) (0.007) (0.011) (0.010) (0.023) (0.008) (0.003) (0.005) (0.016) (0.006) (0.002) (0.008) (0.007) (0.014) (0.004) (0.006) (0.008) (0.003) (0.007) (0.005) (0.010) (0.004) (0.005) (0.002) 0.10 0.15 0.14 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.03 0.15 0.11 0.08 0.07 0.04 0.07 0.13 0.09 0.07 0.14 0.08 0.11 0.06 0.03 0.04 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.12 0.15 0.05 0.07 0.08 (0.008) (0.018) (0.012) (0.004) (0.005) (0.010) (0.005) (0.013) (0.012) (0.013) (0.008) (0.025) (0.010) (0.009) (0.009) (0.008) (0.012) (0.006) (0.010) (0.009) (0.011) (0.007) (0.008) (0.009) (0.003) (0.010) (0.009) (0.015) (0.003) (0.009) (0.002) 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.08 0.02 0.02 0.02 (0.004) (0.009) (0.008) (0.005) (0.007) (0.010) (0.006) (0.007) (0.008) (0.006) (0.010) (0.023) (0.013) (0.002) (0.006) (0.005) (0.006) (0.003) (0.007) (0.010) (0.015) (0.008) (0.007) (0.006) (0.002) (0.012) (0.005) (0.019) (0.004) (0.008) (0.002) 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.06 0.02 0.09 0.06 0.01 0.01 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.11 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.01 0.03 0.12 0.02 0.04 0.04 (0.004) (0.006) (0.007) (0.003) (0.006) (0.006) (0.005) (0.008) (0.010) (0.015) (0.015) (0.012) (0.010) (0.006) (0.008) (0.010) (0.005) (0.005) (0.007) (0.008) (0.011) (0.007) (0.011) (0.007) (0.003) (0.009) (0.004) (0.015) (0.004) (0.010) (0.002) 0.03 0.08 0.08 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.06 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.08 0.10 0.03 0.02 0.04 (0.003) (0.010) (0.010) (0.005) (0.005) (0.009) (0.008) (0.009) (0.006) (0.010) (0.010) (0.023) (0.006) (0.004) (0.007) (0.006) (0.008) (0.003) (0.005) (0.005) (0.014) (0.005) (0.007) (0.010) (0.002) (0.011) (0.006) (0.019) (0.003) (0.005) (0.002) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.06 0.09 0.06 0.08 0.04 0.06 0.03 0.05 0.01 0.05 0.12 0.02 0.10 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.09 0.08 0.02 0.06 0.06 0.10 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.05 (0.012) (0.009) (0.005) (0.011) (0.008) (0.011) (0.005) (0.005) (0.008) (0.003) (0.016) (0.004) (0.006) (0.005) (0.019) (0.006) (0.004) (0.016) (0.018) (0.006) (0.007) (0.007) (0.019) (0.005) (0.004) (0.005) (0.017) 0.10 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.06 0.32 0.05 0.12 0.07 0.08 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.07 0.02 0.08 0.03 0.07 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.06 (0.020) (0.008) (0.005) (0.010) (0.007) (0.006) (0.005) (0.005) (0.008) (0.007) (0.022) (0.006) (0.006) (0.008) (0.042) (0.006) (0.006) (0.009) (0.017) (0.005) (0.008) (0.005) (0.020) (0.004) (0.003) (0.004) (0.013) 0.12 0.09 0.17 0.19 0.13 0.13 0.08 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.08 0.06 0.09 0.09 0.18 0.11 0.12 0.09 0.11 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 (0.014) (0.016) (0.011) (0.032) (0.022) (0.020) (0.008) (0.005) (0.008) (0.005) (0.012) (0.008) (0.007) (0.007) (0.040) (0.012) (0.013) (0.011) (0.024) (0.013) (0.012) (0.012) (0.018) (0.007) (0.009) (0.012) (0.008) 0.06 0.08 0.04 0.06 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.09 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.01 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.02 0.03 (0.010) (0.011) (0.006) (0.016) (0.008) (0.005) (0.007) (0.006) (0.008) (0.007) (0.011) (0.005) (0.009) (0.004) (0.050) (0.008) (0.007) (0.005) (0.014) (0.008) (0.010) (0.009) (0.020) (0.005) (0.011) (0.005) (0.010) 0.14 0.06 0.13 0.15 0.10 0.16 0.07 0.14 0.02 0.06 0.05 0.08 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.08 0.05 0.02 0.11 0.05 0.04 0.10 0.16 0.09 (0.019) (0.010) (0.010) (0.029) (0.013) (0.022) (0.016) (0.011) (0.008) (0.008) (0.011) (0.012) (0.022) (0.005) (0.050) (0.011) (0.011) (0.017) (0.021) (0.006) (0.006) (0.016) (0.025) (0.008) (0.013) (0.014) (0.013) 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.05 m 0.04 0.04 0.01 0.05 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.06 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.02 0.03 0.05 0.04 (0.007) (0.009) (0.004) (0.011) (0.008) (0.006) (0.006) (0.006) (0.004) (0.005) m (0.009) (0.009) (0.004) (0.039) (0.006) (0.005) (0.007) (0.016) (0.007) (0.005) (0.009) (0.023) (0.004) (0.005) (0.007) (0.011) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 89 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.21 Effect sizes for gender differences (females minus males) in science performance scales and attitudinal indices1 Tableau 3.21 Différences entre les sexes (filles moins garçons) en termes d’ampleur de l’effet sur les échelles de culture scientifique et indices d’attitude en sciences Effect sizes in favour of females: from 0.2 to 0.5 from 0.5 to 0.8 Equal or greater than 0.8 Combined science scale Identifying scientific issues Effect sizes in favour of males: from -0.2 to -0.5 from -0.5 to -0.8 Equal or less than -0.8 Explaining phenomena scientifically Using scientific evidence General value of science Personal value of science Self-efficacy in science Self-concept in science Partners OECD Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 0.00 -0.08 -0.01 -0.04 -0.05 -0.10 0.04 -0.03 -0.07 0.12 -0.07 0.06 0.00 -0.03 -0.03 0.02 -0.10 -0.08 -0.08 0.03 0.05 -0.04 -0.06 -0.07 -0.05 -0.01 -0.06 0.14 -0.09 -0.01 -0.02 (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.07) (0.05) (0.03) (0.01) 0.21 0.24 0.14 0.14 0.20 0.12 0.31 0.15 0.16 0.35 0.16 0.29 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.24 0.12 0.08 0.12 0.21 0.25 0.16 0.14 0.21 0.16 0.17 0.11 0.38 0.07 0.16 0.19 (0.09) (0.09) (0.07) (0.06) (0.09) (0.05) (0.13) (0.07) (0.07) (0.14) (0.07) (0.12) (0.08) (0.07) (0.09) (0.11) (0.05) (0.03) (0.05) (0.09) (0.10) (0.07) (0.06) (0.09) (0.07) (0.07) (0.05) (0.15) (0.03) (0.06) (0.02) -0.13 -0.19 -0.16 -0.17 -0.21 -0.22 -0.11 -0.15 -0.20 -0.03 -0.24 -0.07 -0.09 -0.15 -0.17 -0.12 -0.26 -0.21 -0.20 -0.10 -0.06 -0.18 -0.18 -0.23 -0.18 -0.12 -0.18 -0.01 -0.20 -0.12 -0.15 (0.06) (0.08) (0.07) (0.07) (0.09) (0.09) (0.05) (0.07) (0.08) (0.04) (0.10) (0.04) (0.05) (0.07) (0.08) (0.07) (0.10) (0.09) (0.08) (0.05) (0.04) (0.07) (0.07) (0.10) (0.07) (0.05) (0.07) (0.04) (0.08) (0.05) (0.01) 0.03 -0.08 0.08 0.01 -0.01 -0.02 0.07 0.03 -0.03 0.19 0.01 0.07 0.07 0.02 0.02 0.07 -0.03 -0.03 -0.02 0.08 0.06 0.04 -0.02 0.00 0.01 0.05 -0.02 0.17 -0.05 0.04 0.03 (0.03) (0.05) (0.05) (0.02) (0.05) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.08) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.06) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.08) (0.04) (0.03) (0.01) -0.13 -0.02 -0.11 -0.16 -0.07 -0.24 -0.11 -0.28 -0.14 -0.16 -0.13 -0.30 -0.14 -0.14 -0.09 -0.04 -0.16 0.06 -0.12 -0.13 -0.17 0.05 -0.04 -0.12 -0.07 -0.21 -0.17 0.10 -0.26 -0.17 -0.12 (0.06) (0.03) (0.05) (0.07) (0.04) (0.09) (0.05) (0.12) (0.07) (0.07) (0.06) (0.12) (0.06) (0.06) (0.04) (0.04) (0.07) (0.03) (0.05) (0.06) (0.08) (0.03) (0.03) (0.06) (0.03) (0.09) (0.07) (0.05) (0.10) (0.06) (0.01) -0.12 -0.19 -0.15 -0.14 -0.13 -0.13 -0.06 -0.09 -0.23 -0.07 -0.14 -0.14 -0.09 -0.17 -0.28 -0.09 -0.12 -0.05 -0.27 -0.11 -0.15 0.01 -0.12 -0.15 -0.15 -0.11 -0.16 0.18 -0.27 -0.13 -0.13 (0.05) (0.09) (0.07) (0.06) (0.06) (0.06) (0.04) (0.05) (0.10) (0.04) (0.06) (0.06) (0.04) (0.08) (0.12) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.11) (0.05) (0.07) (0.03) (0.04) (0.07) (0.06) (0.05) (0.07) (0.07) (0.11) (0.06) (0.01) -0.09 -0.17 -0.16 -0.07 0.15 -0.01 0.10 -0.16 -0.19 -0.15 0.03 -0.22 0.07 -0.16 -0.32 -0.21 -0.07 0.00 -0.32 -0.05 -0.15 0.15 -0.02 -0.06 -0.09 -0.05 -0.16 0.08 -0.18 -0.09 -0.09 (0.04) (0.07) (0.07) (0.03) (0.06) (0.03) (0.05) (0.07) (0.08) (0.06) (0.03) (0.08) (0.04) (0.07) (0.13) (0.09) (0.03) (0.02) (0.13) (0.03) (0.07) (0.07) (0.02) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.04) (0.07) (0.04) (0.01) -0.22 -0.22 -0.27 -0.27 -0.13 -0.43 -0.24 -0.41 -0.38 -0.36 -0.30 -0.40 -0.07 -0.29 -0.49 -0.30 -0.18 -0.03 -0.44 -0.24 -0.45 -0.11 -0.12 -0.17 -0.24 -0.31 -0.35 -0.07 -0.40 -0.30 -0.27 (0.09) (0.09) (0.11) (0.10) (0.06) (0.17) (0.10) (0.16) (0.15) (0.14) (0.12) (0.14) (0.04) (0.12) (0.21) (0.12) (0.07) (0.02) (0.17) (0.09) (0.17) (0.05) (0.06) (0.08) (0.09) (0.12) (0.14) (0.04) (0.15) (0.11) (0.02) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.13 0.14 -0.10 0.16 -0.24 -0.11 0.03 0.04 -0.07 -0.17 -0.03 0.32 0.07 0.08 0.12 0.10 -0.05 0.02 0.39 0.03 -0.03 0.06 0.08 -0.08 0.22 0.06 0.03 (0.07) (0.06) (0.04) (0.08) (0.10) (0.06) (0.04) (0.03) (0.05) (0.10) (0.05) (0.14) (0.04) (0.04) (0.10) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) (0.15) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.06) (0.10) (0.04) (0.04) 0.27 0.12 0.08 0.31 -0.03 0.03 0.32 0.32 0.15 -0.11 0.11 0.36 0.21 0.38 0.29 0.31 0.19 0.20 0.48 0.22 0.22 0.26 0.31 0.06 0.40 0.23 0.23 (0.11) (0.05) (0.04) (0.13) (0.04) (0.04) (0.13) (0.13) (0.07) (0.08) (0.06) (0.15) (0.09) (0.15) (0.14) (0.12) (0.08) (0.08) (0.19) (0.09) (0.09) (0.11) (0.12) (0.06) (0.17) (0.09) (0.09) 0.00 0.15 -0.21 0.05 -0.37 -0.20 -0.13 -0.07 -0.22 -0.24 -0.14 0.21 -0.02 -0.11 -0.06 -0.09 -0.17 -0.11 0.33 -0.12 -0.21 -0.06 -0.10 -0.19 0.04 -0.06 -0.11 (0.05) (0.06) (0.08) (0.05) (0.15) (0.09) (0.06) (0.04) (0.10) (0.11) (0.08) (0.10) (0.03) (0.05) (0.10) (0.04) (0.07) (0.05) (0.13) (0.06) (0.09) (0.04) (0.05) (0.09) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) 0.19 0.07 -0.06 0.21 -0.16 -0.05 0.06 0.05 -0.02 -0.06 0.06 0.39 0.14 0.14 0.18 0.17 0.00 0.09 0.34 0.09 0.05 0.11 0.12 0.00 0.27 0.11 0.07 (0.08) (0.04) (0.03) (0.09) (0.08) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.05) (0.07) (0.05) (0.17) (0.06) (0.06) (0.11) (0.07) (0.03) (0.04) (0.14) (0.05) (0.03) (0.06) (0.05) (0.05) (0.12) (0.05) (0.04) 0.03 -0.06 0.08 0.11 -0.03 0.00 0.05 0.03 -0.18 0.01 -0.14 0.19 0.02 0.08 -0.29 0.04 -0.14 0.07 -0.15 -0.01 0.06 0.06 -0.10 -0.04 0.15 -0.07 0.04 (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.07) (0.03) (0.06) (0.08) (0.03) (0.04) (0.16) (0.03) (0.06) (0.04) (0.06) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.07) (0.04) (0.03) -0.09 0.09 -0.08 0.12 -0.19 -0.05 -0.08 -0.08 -0.10 0.04 -0.04 0.20 0.17 -0.03 -0.16 0.13 0.09 -0.04 0.11 0.00 -0.10 -0.11 -0.02 -0.16 0.22 0.09 0.03 (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.06) (0.08) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.04) (0.09) (0.08) (0.03) (0.12) (0.06) (0.04) (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) (0.05) (0.05) (0.03) (0.06) (0.09) (0.05) (0.03) -0.01 0.16 0.10 0.13 -0.06 0.12 -0.03 0.06 -0.18 0.01 -0.12 0.07 0.14 0.05 -0.24 0.19 -0.10 0.02 -0.03 0.02 0.03 -0.04 0.04 -0.32 0.13 0.07 0.16 (0.03) (0.07) (0.04) (0.06) (0.04) (0.06) (0.03) (0.03) (0.08) (0.04) (0.06) (0.04) (0.06) (0.04) (0.14) (0.08) (0.05) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.12) (0.06) (0.04) (0.06) -0.10 0.01 -0.14 -0.11 -0.22 -0.05 -0.12 -0.15 -0.47 -0.09 -0.14 -0.06 -0.07 -0.23 -0.37 -0.24 -0.51 -0.04 -0.14 -0.08 -0.09 -0.08 -0.25 -0.53 -0.09 -0.16 0.03 (0.05) (0.03) (0.06) (0.05) (0.09) (0.03) (0.06) (0.07) (0.19) (0.05) (0.06) (0.04) (0.04) (0.08) (0.17) (0.10) (0.21) (0.03) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.10) (0.21) (0.04) (0.06) (0.03) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 90 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.21 Effect sizes for gender differences (females minus males) in science performance scales and attitudinal indices1 Tableau 3.21 Différences entre les sexes (filles moins garçons) en termes d’ampleur de l’effet sur les échelles de culture scientifique et indices d’attitude en sciences Effect sizes in favour of females: from 0.2 to 0.5 from 0.5 to 0.8 Equal or greater than 0.8 General interest in science Enjoyment of science Effect sizes in favour of males: from -0.2 to -0.5 from -0.5 to -0.8 Equal or less than -0.8 Instrumental motivation to learn science Futureoriented motivation to learn science Sciencerelated activities Level of Optimism Awareness of concern for regarding Responsibility environmental environmental environmental for sustainable issues issues issues development Partners OECD Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 0.02 -0.06 0.06 0.02 0.03 -0.01 -0.01 -0.05 -0.08 0.01 -0.02 -0.10 0.08 0.00 -0.18 -0.06 0.03 0.05 -0.04 0.06 -0.09 0.04 0.01 -0.05 0.04 0.03 -0.04 0.02 -0.14 -0.04 -0.02 (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.02) (0.08) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.06) (0.02) (0.01) -0.09 -0.04 -0.08 -0.08 0.24 -0.01 0.21 -0.16 -0.14 -0.19 0.12 -0.17 0.06 -0.09 -0.49 -0.26 0.05 0.04 -0.29 -0.10 -0.22 0.13 0.04 -0.03 0.03 -0.01 -0.07 0.03 -0.24 -0.18 -0.07 (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.10) (0.03) (0.09) (0.07) (0.06) (0.08) (0.05) (0.07) (0.04) (0.04) (0.19) (0.11) (0.03) (0.03) (0.12) (0.05) (0.09) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.10) (0.07) (0.01) -0.01 -0.21 -0.08 0.08 0.18 0.08 0.15 -0.10 -0.16 -0.26 -0.03 -0.08 0.22 -0.18 -0.20 -0.16 0.07 0.04 0.00 0.04 -0.02 0.11 0.20 0.01 -0.09 -0.02 -0.11 0.08 -0.13 0.01 -0.02 (0.02) (0.08) (0.04) (0.04) (0.07) (0.03) (0.06) (0.05) (0.07) (0.10) (0.03) (0.04) (0.09) (0.07) (0.07) (0.07) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.08) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.01) -0.09 -0.08 -0.18 -0.03 0.24 0.08 0.12 -0.17 -0.21 -0.35 0.02 -0.30 0.09 -0.22 -0.46 -0.30 -0.02 -0.12 -0.29 -0.05 -0.16 0.15 -0.04 0.13 -0.11 -0.07 -0.11 -0.11 -0.18 -0.14 -0.10 (0.04) (0.04) (0.07) (0.02) (0.10) (0.03) (0.05) (0.07) (0.09) (0.13) (0.03) (0.11) (0.04) (0.08) (0.18) (0.12) (0.02) (0.05) (0.12) (0.03) (0.07) (0.06) (0.03) (0.06) (0.04) (0.03) (0.05) (0.05) (0.07) (0.05) (0.01) -0.19 -0.07 -0.13 -0.20 0.18 -0.08 0.04 -0.16 -0.10 -0.15 -0.02 -0.54 -0.17 -0.20 -0.37 -0.30 -0.11 -0.09 -0.36 -0.15 -0.32 0.06 -0.07 -0.08 -0.15 -0.23 -0.14 -0.16 -0.20 -0.25 -0.16 (0.08) (0.04) (0.05) (0.08) (0.08) (0.04) (0.03) (0.07) (0.05) (0.07) (0.03) (0.20) (0.07) (0.09) (0.15) (0.12) (0.05) (0.04) (0.14) (0.06) (0.12) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.06) (0.09) (0.06) (0.07) (0.08) (0.09) (0.02) -0.18 -0.18 -0.22 -0.18 -0.19 -0.31 -0.23 -0.29 -0.30 -0.08 -0.06 -0.39 -0.12 -0.13 -0.15 -0.09 -0.32 -0.03 -0.22 -0.19 -0.26 -0.01 -0.14 -0.12 -0.15 -0.30 -0.35 0.17 -0.28 -0.20 -0.18 (0.08) (0.08) (0.09) (0.07) (0.08) (0.13) (0.10) (0.12) (0.13) (0.05) (0.04) (0.16) (0.06) (0.06) (0.07) (0.05) (0.13) (0.03) (0.09) (0.08) (0.11) (0.02) (0.06) (0.06) (0.06) (0.12) (0.14) (0.08) (0.12) (0.08) (0.02) 0.22 0.28 0.15 0.22 0.19 0.18 0.33 0.11 0.26 0.21 0.21 0.11 0.20 0.18 0.17 -0.01 0.20 0.23 0.20 0.20 0.27 0.30 0.16 0.11 0.27 0.29 0.19 0.32 0.10 0.25 0.20 (0.09) (0.11) (0.06) (0.08) (0.08) (0.07) (0.13) (0.04) (0.11) (0.09) (0.09) (0.05) (0.07) (0.07) (0.07) (0.02) (0.08) (0.09) (0.08) (0.08) (0.12) (0.12) (0.07) (0.05) (0.11) (0.12) (0.08) (0.15) (0.04) (0.10) (0.02) -0.21 -0.25 -0.13 -0.31 -0.20 -0.20 -0.24 -0.04 -0.22 -0.29 -0.08 -0.13 -0.25 -0.17 -0.12 -0.10 -0.18 0.00 -0.16 -0.15 -0.25 -0.14 -0.18 -0.13 -0.14 -0.20 -0.19 -0.20 -0.23 -0.33 -0.18 (0.08) (0.10) (0.05) (0.12) (0.08) (0.09) (0.10) (0.03) (0.09) (0.11) (0.04) (0.06) (0.09) (0.07) (0.05) (0.05) (0.08) (0.02) (0.07) (0.07) (0.11) (0.06) (0.08) (0.06) (0.06) (0.08) (0.08) (0.08) (0.09) (0.13) (0.01) 0.20 0.16 0.09 0.23 -0.03 0.27 0.52 0.01 0.06 0.10 0.05 0.27 0.19 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.08 0.04 0.00 0.20 0.27 0.10 0.06 -0.20 0.03 0.27 0.12 0.14 0.08 0.13 0.12 (0.08) (0.07) (0.05) (0.09) (0.03) (0.11) (0.19) (0.02) (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) (0.10) (0.08) (0.05) (0.04) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.08) (0.11) (0.05) (0.03) (0.09) (0.03) (0.11) (0.06) (0.06) (0.04) (0.06) (0.01) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.16 0.06 0.13 0.14 0.11 0.07 0.12 0.00 -0.28 0.02 -0.06 0.07 0.05 -0.04 0.05 0.07 -0.25 0.15 -0.14 0.06 0.14 0.14 -0.14 -0.29 0.25 0.07 0.05 (0.07) (0.03) (0.06) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.06) (0.02) (0.11) (0.02) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.07) (0.04) (0.11) (0.07) (0.06) (0.03) (0.06) (0.06) (0.06) (0.11) (0.10) (0.04) (0.03) 0.18 0.13 0.14 0.17 -0.01 0.05 0.11 0.15 -0.37 0.05 -0.02 -0.06 0.18 0.13 -0.06 0.21 -0.26 0.11 -0.18 0.06 0.09 -0.03 0.06 -0.51 0.03 -0.03 0.23 (0.08) (0.06) (0.06) (0.08) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.06) (0.14) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.08) (0.06) (0.10) (0.09) (0.10) (0.05) (0.07) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.04) (0.20) (0.03) (0.03) (0.09) 0.01 0.05 0.09 0.12 0.08 0.07 0.05 -0.01 -0.25 0.12 -0.13 0.20 0.16 -0.01 -0.34 -0.08 -0.11 0.05 -0.02 0.07 -0.16 -0.04 0.00 -0.41 0.23 0.13 0.10 (0.03) (0.04) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.10) (0.06) (0.06) (0.08) (0.07) (0.03) (0.16) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.06) (0.03) (0.03) (0.16) (0.09) (0.06) (0.05) 0.00 -0.01 -0.05 0.12 0.00 -0.01 0.03 0.07 -0.38 0.12 -0.15 -0.18 0.04 0.00 -0.17 0.10 -0.26 0.02 -0.33 -0.02 -0.10 -0.12 0.03 -0.61 0.05 -0.07 0.12 (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.15) (0.07) (0.06) (0.07) (0.03) (0.03) (0.11) (0.05) (0.10) (0.03) (0.11) (0.03) (0.05) (0.05) (0.03) (0.24) (0.03) (0.04) (0.05) -0.08 -0.19 -0.05 -0.03 -0.11 -0.06 0.00 0.08 -0.27 0.01 -0.09 -0.15 -0.02 0.01 -0.21 0.10 -0.26 -0.02 -0.31 -0.06 -0.02 -0.05 -0.04 -0.27 0.10 -0.10 -0.06 (0.04) (0.07) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.02) (0.04) (0.10) (0.03) (0.05) (0.07) (0.02) (0.03) (0.13) (0.05) (0.11) (0.03) (0.12) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.10) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) -0.01 0.01 -0.03 0.17 -0.19 0.01 0.00 0.00 -0.09 0.10 -0.14 0.40 0.21 -0.05 -0.30 -0.06 -0.06 0.11 -0.06 0.06 0.00 0.09 -0.06 -0.13 0.23 -0.11 -0.03 (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.08) (0.08) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.05) (0.05) (0.07) (0.17) (0.09) (0.04) (0.15) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.05) (0.04) (0.06) (0.10) (0.05) (0.03) 0.20 0.15 0.28 0.28 0.19 0.22 0.21 0.15 0.04 0.28 0.11 0.19 0.22 0.22 0.03 0.15 0.20 0.12 0.09 0.17 0.18 0.12 0.14 0.12 0.34 0.05 0.11 (0.09) (0.06) (0.12) (0.12) (0.08) (0.09) (0.09) (0.07) (0.03) (0.11) (0.06) (0.08) (0.09) (0.10) (0.10) (0.07) (0.08) (0.05) (0.04) (0.08) (0.07) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) (0.14) (0.04) (0.05) 0.06 0.15 0.00 -0.23 -0.04 -0.07 -0.18 -0.16 -0.05 -0.05 -0.12 -0.12 0.13 -0.14 -0.05 -0.06 -0.20 -0.07 -0.02 -0.13 -0.06 -0.16 -0.26 -0.06 -0.04 0.02 0.02 (0.03) (0.06) (0.02) (0.09) (0.03) (0.05) (0.07) (0.07) (0.03) (0.03) (0.06) (0.06) (0.05) (0.06) (0.10) (0.03) (0.08) (0.04) (0.02) (0.06) (0.03) (0.07) (0.11) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) -0.09 0.00 -0.02 0.06 -0.13 -0.12 -0.05 0.09 -0.02 -0.10 m 0.19 0.06 -0.02 0.06 0.04 0.07 0.00 0.13 -0.06 -0.04 -0.11 0.13 0.09 0.23 0.06 -0.02 (0.05) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.06) (0.06) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.05) m (0.09) (0.04) (0.02) (0.09) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.06) (0.04) (0.09) (0.04) (0.03) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 91 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Effect sizes for the difference between the top and bottom quarters of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for Table 3.22 science attitudinal indices1 Tableau 3.22 Différences entre les quartiles supérieur et inférieur de l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) en termes d’ampleur de l’effet dans les indices d’attitude en sciences Effect sizes in favour of students from more advantaged background: from 0.2 to 0.5 from 0.5 to 0.8 Equal or greater than 0.8 General value of science Personal value of science Self-efficacy in science Effect sizes in favour of students from less advantaged background: from -0.2 to -0.5 from -0.5 to -0.8 Equal or less than -0.8 Self-concept in science General interest in science Enjoyment of science Instrumental motivation to learn science Partners OECD Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 0.60 0.44 0.41 0.44 0.23 0.45 0.54 0.46 0.48 0.40 0.46 0.49 0.61 0.45 0.36 0.28 0.52 0.39 0.51 0.59 0.45 0.38 0.50 0.36 0.40 0.55 0.40 0.37 0.53 0.60 0.46 (0.22) (0.17) (0.15) (0.16) (0.09) (0.18) (0.21) (0.17) (0.17) (0.15) (0.17) (0.19) (0.22) (0.17) (0.14) (0.11) (0.19) (0.15) (0.20) (0.23) (0.17) (0.15) (0.18) (0.15) (0.15) (0.21) (0.14) (0.14) (0.20) (0.22) (0.03) 0.49 0.25 0.44 0.46 0.05 0.45 0.51 0.49 0.36 0.48 0.16 0.51 0.65 0.29 0.33 0.39 0.34 0.02 0.37 0.49 0.39 0.06 0.39 -0.03 0.47 0.59 0.36 0.32 0.46 0.47 0.37 (0.19) (0.11) (0.16) (0.18) (0.04) (0.19) (0.19) (0.18) (0.14) (0.19) (0.07) (0.19) (0.23) (0.11) (0.13) (0.15) (0.13) (0.03) (0.15) (0.19) (0.14) (0.04) (0.15) (0.05) (0.18) (0.22) (0.13) (0.14) (0.18) (0.18) (0.03) 0.72 0.76 0.60 0.63 0.50 0.75 0.63 0.77 0.70 0.61 0.63 0.66 0.75 0.49 0.44 0.60 0.71 0.53 0.54 0.75 0.59 0.68 0.66 0.54 0.61 0.62 0.74 0.55 0.76 0.67 0.64 (0.27) (0.28) (0.21) (0.22) (0.20) (0.28) (0.23) (0.26) (0.24) (0.24) (0.23) (0.24) (0.27) (0.18) (0.15) (0.22) (0.25) (0.19) (0.19) (0.27) (0.20) (0.26) (0.23) (0.21) (0.22) (0.23) (0.27) (0.20) (0.29) (0.24) (0.04) 0.51 0.37 0.34 0.46 0.18 0.47 0.53 0.43 0.33 0.49 0.22 0.71 0.56 0.24 0.21 0.49 0.41 0.21 0.38 0.49 0.45 0.31 0.41 0.25 0.54 0.55 0.42 0.14 0.40 0.48 0.40 (0.19) (0.14) (0.12) (0.17) (0.08) (0.18) (0.20) (0.16) (0.13) (0.19) (0.10) (0.26) (0.20) (0.10) (0.09) (0.20) (0.16) (0.09) (0.15) (0.18) (0.17) (0.13) (0.15) (0.11) (0.20) (0.21) (0.16) (0.07) (0.17) (0.17) (0.03) 0.40 0.39 0.51 0.35 0.20 0.48 0.45 0.52 0.31 0.50 0.26 0.45 0.57 0.31 0.37 0.46 0.44 -0.10 0.38 0.32 0.40 0.21 0.34 0.35 0.41 0.40 0.50 0.24 0.36 0.18 0.37 (0.13) (0.14) (0.16) (0.12) (0.08) (0.16) (0.16) (0.16) (0.11) (0.18) (0.09) (0.16) (0.18) (0.11) (0.13) (0.16) (0.14) (0.05) (0.13) (0.11) (0.13) (0.09) (0.11) (0.12) (0.14) (0.15) (0.16) (0.10) (0.12) (0.07) (0.02) 0.51 0.41 0.47 0.43 0.14 0.53 0.41 0.50 0.51 0.47 0.29 0.55 0.53 0.29 0.31 0.44 0.47 -0.24 0.47 0.49 0.41 0.17 0.26 0.12 0.45 0.46 0.49 0.23 0.46 0.41 0.38 (0.19) (0.17) (0.17) (0.16) (0.06) (0.20) (0.15) (0.19) (0.20) (0.18) (0.11) (0.20) (0.19) (0.11) (0.12) (0.18) (0.18) (0.10) (0.19) (0.18) (0.16) (0.08) (0.10) (0.06) (0.18) (0.18) (0.18) (0.10) (0.18) (0.15) (0.03) 0.40 0.03 0.28 0.40 0.09 0.28 0.50 0.46 0.17 0.25 0.04 0.52 0.46 0.32 0.40 0.24 0.19 -0.16 0.15 0.43 0.31 0.01 0.63 0.04 0.46 0.44 0.31 0.09 0.31 0.31 0.28 (0.15) (0.05) (0.10) (0.16) (0.05) (0.12) (0.19) (0.18) (0.08) (0.11) (0.05) (0.20) (0.15) (0.13) (0.16) (0.11) (0.08) (0.07) (0.07) (0.16) (0.12) (0.03) (0.24) (0.04) (0.18) (0.16) (0.11) (0.05) (0.13) (0.13) (0.02) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.24 0.27 0.28 0.27 0.38 0.25 0.29 0.48 0.28 0.29 0.35 0.49 0.17 0.41 0.53 0.38 0.22 0.23 m 0.43 0.30 0.15 0.35 0.43 0.29 0.32 0.16 (0.10) (0.10) (0.11) (0.11) (0.14) (0.09) (0.11) (0.18) (0.11) (0.12) (0.13) (0.17) (0.07) (0.16) (0.25) (0.15) (0.09) (0.09) m (0.16) (0.12) (0.06) (0.14) (0.16) (0.11) (0.12) (0.07) -0.16 0.03 -0.09 0.01 0.18 -0.11 0.05 0.35 0.26 0.08 0.21 0.33 -0.14 0.21 0.35 0.20 0.27 -0.05 m 0.18 -0.01 -0.12 0.17 0.35 0.23 0.25 -0.13 (0.07) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.08) (0.07) (0.04) (0.14) (0.10) (0.05) (0.09) (0.13) (0.06) (0.11) (0.19) (0.09) (0.12) (0.04) m (0.08) (0.04) (0.06) (0.08) (0.13) (0.09) (0.10) (0.07) 0.50 0.50 0.67 0.64 0.74 0.57 0.61 0.54 0.56 0.58 0.35 0.46 0.30 0.46 0.69 0.60 0.50 0.70 m 0.56 0.47 0.55 0.70 0.65 0.36 0.41 0.48 (0.19) (0.17) (0.24) (0.20) (0.27) (0.22) (0.24) (0.21) (0.21) (0.20) (0.14) (0.17) (0.12) (0.19) (0.28) (0.22) (0.19) (0.25) m (0.20) (0.17) (0.21) (0.27) (0.23) (0.14) (0.17) (0.16) 0.11 0.10 0.07 0.16 0.36 0.19 0.17 0.43 0.22 -0.09 0.23 0.39 -0.21 0.17 0.42 0.37 0.23 0.18 m 0.19 0.25 0.08 0.11 0.35 0.02 0.18 0.20 (0.07) (0.07) (0.04) (0.08) (0.13) (0.09) (0.08) (0.16) (0.09) (0.06) (0.09) (0.15) (0.09) (0.09) (0.23) (0.15) (0.10) (0.07) m (0.09) (0.11) (0.05) (0.06) (0.14) (0.04) (0.08) (0.08) -0.10 0.26 -0.04 0.20 0.00 -0.25 0.18 0.41 0.31 0.26 0.07 0.28 -0.06 0.20 0.45 0.29 0.15 0.16 m 0.27 -0.01 0.07 0.24 0.41 0.09 0.13 -0.06 (0.07) (0.10) (0.05) (0.08) (0.04) (0.11) (0.07) (0.14) (0.11) (0.09) (0.05) (0.10) (0.04) (0.10) (0.19) (0.12) (0.07) (0.06) m (0.10) (0.05) (0.04) (0.10) (0.14) (0.06) (0.07) (0.05) -0.13 -0.06 -0.13 0.08 0.24 -0.16 0.06 0.27 0.32 0.05 0.03 0.16 -0.30 0.06 0.78 0.21 0.13 -0.15 m 0.05 0.04 -0.27 0.11 0.40 0.10 -0.06 -0.05 (0.07) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) (0.10) (0.08) (0.04) (0.11) (0.13) (0.05) (0.05) (0.08) (0.13) (0.06) (0.33) (0.09) (0.06) (0.07) m (0.04) (0.04) (0.11) (0.06) (0.15) (0.05) (0.05) (0.05) -0.15 -0.03 -0.15 -0.11 0.16 -0.16 -0.03 0.14 0.04 0.13 -0.09 0.30 -0.33 0.03 0.16 0.06 0.06 -0.16 m -0.05 -0.13 -0.11 0.16 0.29 0.15 0.13 0.04 (0.07) (0.05) (0.07) (0.06) (0.08) (0.09) (0.04) (0.06) (0.05) (0.08) (0.06) (0.11) (0.14) (0.05) (0.13) (0.04) (0.06) (0.07) m (0.05) (0.07) (0.06) (0.07) (0.12) (0.07) (0.07) (0.04) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 92 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Effect sizes for the difference between the top and bottom quarters of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for Table 3.22 science attitudinal indices1 Tableau 3.22 Différences entre les quartiles supérieur et inférieur de l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) en termes d’ampleur de l’effet dans les indices d’attitude en sciences Effect sizes in favour of students from more advantaged background: from 0.2 to 0.5 from 0.5 to 0.8 Equal or greater than 0.8 Future-oriented motivation to learn science Science-related activities Effect sizes in favour of students from less advantaged background: from -0.2 to -0.5 from -0.5 to -0.8 Equal or less than -0.8 Awareness of environmental issues Level of concern for environmental issues Optimism regarding environmental issues Responsibility for sustainable development Partners OECD Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 0.33 0.29 0.38 0.40 0.11 0.32 0.47 0.43 0.38 0.35 0.14 0.48 0.44 0.29 0.35 0.21 0.25 -0.39 0.33 0.36 0.24 0.03 0.42 -0.05 0.47 0.48 0.41 0.02 0.30 0.26 0.28 (0.13) (0.13) (0.15) (0.16) (0.05) (0.14) (0.18) (0.18) (0.16) (0.14) (0.07) (0.19) (0.17) (0.12) (0.14) (0.10) (0.10) (0.16) (0.14) (0.15) (0.09) (0.04) (0.18) (0.04) (0.19) (0.19) (0.17) (0.05) (0.12) (0.10) (0.03) 0.45 0.32 0.40 0.37 0.13 0.46 0.37 0.55 0.53 0.44 0.29 0.44 0.49 0.37 0.32 0.52 0.46 -0.01 0.43 0.45 0.38 0.23 0.31 0.10 0.40 0.50 0.38 0.37 0.50 0.24 0.37 (0.17) (0.13) (0.14) (0.14) (0.06) (0.17) (0.14) (0.19) (0.18) (0.16) (0.10) (0.17) (0.18) (0.14) (0.13) (0.20) (0.16) (0.04) (0.16) (0.17) (0.13) (0.10) (0.11) (0.06) (0.15) (0.20) (0.13) (0.15) (0.18) (0.08) (0.03) 0.68 0.69 0.83 0.60 0.49 0.68 0.52 0.91 0.74 0.62 0.63 0.63 0.63 0.57 0.52 0.61 0.88 0.54 0.78 0.75 0.51 0.54 0.86 0.59 0.71 0.65 0.74 0.57 0.75 0.73 0.66 (0.24) (0.25) (0.27) (0.22) (0.19) (0.24) (0.20) (0.29) (0.25) (0.24) (0.22) (0.24) (0.22) (0.20) (0.20) (0.23) (0.29) (0.19) (0.28) (0.27) (0.19) (0.21) (0.30) (0.23) (0.26) (0.24) (0.23) (0.21) (0.27) (0.26) (0.04) 0.12 0.05 0.03 0.05 -0.20 0.04 0.02 0.33 0.08 0.20 -0.02 -0.15 0.00 0.07 0.08 0.06 0.11 0.17 -0.01 0.00 0.03 0.06 -0.10 -0.04 -0.03 0.04 0.07 0.17 0.09 0.16 0.05 (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.08) (0.05) (0.04) (0.12) (0.05) (0.08) (0.04) (0.06) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.07) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.07) (0.04) (0.06) (0.01) -0.07 -0.25 -0.28 -0.08 -0.11 -0.10 -0.14 -0.52 -0.10 -0.38 -0.31 -0.15 -0.15 -0.29 0.03 -0.02 -0.37 -0.36 -0.12 -0.19 -0.05 -0.10 -0.35 -0.20 -0.16 -0.14 -0.21 -0.40 -0.18 -0.23 -0.20 (0.03) (0.09) (0.10) (0.04) (0.06) (0.05) (0.06) (0.18) (0.06) (0.14) (0.11) (0.06) (0.08) (0.11) (0.04) (0.04) (0.14) (0.13) (0.05) (0.07) (0.04) (0.05) (0.12) (0.08) (0.06) (0.06) (0.08) (0.15) (0.07) (0.10) (0.02) 0.43 0.33 0.37 0.29 0.18 0.40 0.36 0.53 0.28 0.50 0.30 0.30 0.48 0.29 0.28 0.21 0.41 0.40 0.38 0.40 0.38 0.19 0.27 0.28 0.22 0.41 0.50 0.19 0.51 0.45 0.35 (0.17) (0.13) (0.14) (0.11) (0.08) (0.16) (0.14) (0.20) (0.11) (0.19) (0.12) (0.13) (0.17) (0.11) (0.10) (0.09) (0.16) (0.16) (0.14) (0.15) (0.14) (0.08) (0.10) (0.12) (0.08) (0.15) (0.19) (0.09) (0.20) (0.18) (0.03) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay -0.15 -0.23 -0.14 -0.24 0.21 -0.31 0.06 0.17 0.09 0.10 0.08 0.26 -0.49 0.05 0.45 0.10 0.02 -0.25 m -0.10 -0.29 -0.16 0.25 0.32 -0.01 0.12 -0.03 (0.07) (0.10) (0.07) (0.10) (0.09) (0.14) (0.04) (0.08) (0.05) (0.07) (0.05) (0.11) (0.21) (0.06) (0.22) (0.06) (0.04) (0.11) m (0.05) (0.12) (0.07) (0.11) (0.13) (0.04) (0.06) (0.05) -0.10 0.18 0.05 0.33 0.15 0.10 0.23 0.18 0.49 0.66 -0.09 0.15 -0.23 0.19 0.34 0.14 0.46 0.21 m 0.39 0.06 0.16 0.24 0.52 0.39 0.11 -0.06 (0.06) (0.07) (0.04) (0.12) (0.06) (0.05) (0.09) (0.07) (0.18) (0.22) (0.06) (0.07) (0.10) (0.10) (0.20) (0.07) (0.18) (0.09) m (0.14) (0.07) (0.06) (0.10) (0.18) (0.15) (0.06) (0.05) 0.79 0.35 0.75 0.72 0.88 0.64 0.61 0.43 0.53 0.59 0.40 0.46 0.24 0.54 0.44 0.64 0.47 0.59 m 0.54 0.55 0.55 0.62 0.64 0.45 0.43 0.64 (0.29) (0.13) (0.30) (0.23) (0.33) (0.21) (0.23) (0.16) (0.20) (0.23) (0.14) (0.17) (0.10) (0.23) (0.20) (0.24) (0.18) (0.23) m (0.21) (0.21) (0.21) (0.24) (0.24) (0.17) (0.17) (0.23) 0.14 0.06 0.12 0.06 0.09 -0.02 -0.10 -0.10 -0.02 0.18 0.17 0.11 0.09 -0.05 -0.12 -0.12 -0.02 0.03 m -0.10 0.04 -0.06 -0.12 0.29 0.15 0.00 -0.13 (0.07) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.05) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.07) (0.07) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.12) (0.06) (0.04) (0.04) m (0.06) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.10) (0.06) (0.03) (0.06) -0.43 -0.10 -0.34 -0.26 -0.44 -0.45 -0.26 -0.11 0.01 -0.05 -0.35 -0.34 0.03 -0.13 -0.02 -0.09 0.02 -0.24 m -0.19 -0.07 -0.34 -0.04 -0.17 -0.33 -0.47 -0.21 (0.15) (0.06) (0.12) (0.11) (0.16) (0.16) (0.09) (0.06) (0.03) (0.04) (0.13) (0.13) (0.05) (0.06) (0.13) (0.05) (0.04) (0.10) m (0.08) (0.05) (0.12) (0.04) (0.06) (0.13) (0.19) (0.08) 0.45 0.14 0.23 0.19 0.40 0.25 0.12 0.26 0.32 0.32 m 0.29 -0.06 0.22 0.44 0.18 0.08 0.06 m 0.52 0.22 0.06 0.24 0.26 0.35 0.19 0.25 (0.19) (0.07) (0.09) (0.08) (0.15) (0.10) (0.05) (0.11) (0.12) (0.12) m (0.11) (0.06) (0.11) (0.23) (0.08) (0.05) (0.04) m (0.20) (0.09) (0.04) (0.10) (0.10) (0.13) (0.08) (0.10) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 93 3 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 3.23 Effect sizes for the difference between students with an immigrant background and native students for science attitudinal indices1 Tableau 3.23 Différences en termes d’ampleur de l’effet dans les indices d’attitude en sciences entre les élèves allochtones et autochtones Effect sizes in favour of native students: from -0.2 to -0.5 from -0.5 to -0.8 Equal or less than -0.8 Awareness of environmental issues Effect sizes in favour of students with an immigrant background: from 0.2 to 0.5 from 0.5 to 0.8 Equal or greater than 0.8 Optimism regarding environmental issues Level of concern for environmental issues Responsibility for sustainable development General value of science Personal value of science Partners OECD Percentage of students with an immigrant background Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 21.9 13.2 13.3 21.1 1.9 7.6 1.5 13.0 14.2 7.6 1.7 1.8 5.6 3.8 0.4 0.0 36.1 2.4 11.3 21.3 6.1 0.2 5.9 0.5 6.9 10.8 22.4 1.5 8.6 15.2 9.3 0.13 -0.40 -0.43 0.06 c -0.17 c -0.19 -0.53 -0.25 c c -0.08 -0.47 c c -0.34 c -0.31 0.11 -0.08 c -0.29 c -0.24 -0.16 -0.37 c 0.12 -0.23 -0.21 (0.06) (0.16) (0.17) (0.04) c (0.09) c (0.09) (0.21) (0.12) c c (0.07) (0.20) c c (0.14) c (0.14) (0.05) (0.06) c (0.12) c (0.12) (0.07) (0.16) c (0.06) (0.10) (0.03) 0.14 0.29 0.25 0.11 c 0.34 c 0.32 0.19 0.24 c c 0.16 0.34 c c 0.24 c 0.09 0.20 0.15 c 0.23 c 0.18 0.20 0.30 c 0.10 0.10 0.21 (0.05) (0.11) (0.10) (0.05) c (0.14) c (0.13) (0.09) (0.12) c c (0.08) (0.14) c c (0.10) c (0.07) (0.08) (0.08) c (0.10) c (0.07) (0.08) (0.12) c (0.06) (0.05) (0.02) -0.02 -0.10 0.01 -0.05 c -0.09 c -0.18 -0.07 -0.01 c c 0.03 -0.26 c c -0.12 c -0.06 0.08 -0.07 c -0.20 c -0.22 0.07 -0.13 c 0.06 0.06 -0.06 (0.02) (0.06) (0.04) (0.03) c (0.06) c (0.08) (0.05) (0.05) c c (0.06) (0.11) c c (0.06) c (0.05) (0.05) (0.07) c (0.09) c (0.09) (0.05) (0.07) c (0.05) (0.04) (0.01) 0.08 -0.16 0.04 -0.02 c -0.17 c -0.13 -0.20 -0.29 c c 0.05 -0.36 c c -0.03 c -0.06 0.22 -0.13 c -0.17 c -0.18 -0.06 -0.21 c 0.13 0.10 -0.08 (0.04) (0.06) (0.04) (0.03) c (0.09) c (0.06) (0.09) (0.11) c c (0.06) (0.14) c c (0.03) c (0.05) (0.08) (0.07) c (0.07) c (0.09) (0.04) (0.08) c (0.06) (0.04) (0.02) 0.23 0.03 0.07 0.25 c 0.14 c 0.15 -0.17 0.01 c c 0.13 -0.13 c c -0.19 c 0.02 0.34 0.05 c -0.14 c -0.01 0.15 0.04 c 0.29 0.03 0.07 (0.09) (0.04) (0.04) (0.10) c (0.07) c (0.07) (0.07) (0.04) c c (0.07) (0.07) c c (0.07) c (0.04) (0.13) (0.05) c (0.06) c (0.05) (0.07) (0.03) c (0.12) (0.04) (0.02) 0.22 0.16 0.15 0.25 c 0.29 c 0.16 -0.15 -0.00 c c 0.23 -0.06 c c -0.00 c 0.17 0.34 0.14 c -0.12 c 0.19 0.26 0.03 c 0.36 0.01 0.13 (0.09) (0.06) (0.07) (0.10) c (0.12) c (0.07) (0.06) (0.05) c c (0.09) (0.06) c c (0.03) c (0.07) (0.13) (0.08) c (0.07) c (0.08) (0.11) (0.03) c (0.14) (0.04) (0.02) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 2.7 2.4 2.4 0.2 0.6 0.4 12.0 11.6 43.8 0.2 23.0 16.8 2.6 7.1 36.8 2.1 73.6 7.2 40.5 0.1 8.7 9.0 10.3 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.4 c c c c c c -0.15 -0.05 0.01 c -0.03 0.08 c 0.02 -0.16 c 0.02 0.32 0.28 c -0.06 -0.05 -0.38 c c c c c c c c c c (0.07) (0.05) (0.03) c (0.04) (0.05) c (0.05) (0.12) c (0.03) (0.14) (0.10) c (0.05) (0.04) (0.15) c c c c c c c c c c 0.18 0.52 0.03 c 0.05 -0.14 c 0.23 0.33 c -0.05 -0.29 -0.30 c -0.07 -0.08 0.05 c c c c c c c c c c (0.08) (0.21) (0.04) c (0.04) (0.06) c (0.11) (0.15) c (0.03) (0.12) (0.11) c (0.05) (0.06) (0.04) c c c c c c c c c c 0.04 -0.15 -0.01 c -0.08 0.09 c -0.24 -0.00 c 0.07 0.01 0.15 c 0.01 -0.09 -0.10 c c c c c c c c c c (0.03) (0.07) (0.03) c (0.05) (0.04) c (0.11) (0.09) c (0.04) (0.05) (0.05) c (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) c c c c c c c c c c -0.03 0.05 -0.04 c m 0.01 c 0.04 -0.06 c -0.01 -0.11 0.21 c -0.07 -0.08 -0.19 c c c c c c c c c c (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) c m (0.04) c (0.06) (0.09) c (0.03) (0.07) (0.07) c (0.05) (0.05) (0.08) c c c c c c c c c c 0.05 -0.25 0.08 c -0.05 0.07 c 0.05 0.06 c 0.08 0.02 0.36 c -0.03 -0.03 -0.22 c c c c c c c c c c (0.04) (0.10) (0.04) c (0.04) (0.04) c (0.05) (0.10) c (0.04) (0.06) (0.12) c (0.04) (0.05) (0.09) c c c c c c c c c c 0.04 -0.03 0.09 c -0.07 -0.05 c 0.26 0.32 c -0.00 -0.03 0.26 c -0.04 -0.18 -0.21 c c c c c c c c c c (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) c (0.04) (0.04) c (0.12) (0.15) c (0.03) (0.06) (0.09) c (0.04) (0.07) (0.09) c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 94 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 3 [Part 2/2 ] Table 3.23 Effect sizes for the difference between students with an immigrant background and native students for science attitudinal indices1 Tableau 3.23 Différences en termes d’ampleur de l’effet dans les indices d’attitude en sciences entre les élèves allochtones et autochtones Effect sizes in favour of native students: from -0.2 to -0.5 from -0.5 to -0.8 Equal or less than -0.8 General interest in science Enjoyment of science Effect sizes in favour of students with an immigrant background: from 0.2 to 0.5 from 0.5 to 0.8 Equal or greater than 0.8 Instrumental motivation to learn science Future-oriented motivation to learn science Science-related activities Self-concept in science Self-efficacy in science Partners OECD Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Effect size S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 0.27 0.07 0.05 0.23 c 0.25 c 0.09 -0.08 0.04 c c 0.20 -0.04 c c -0.08 c 0.13 0.37 0.17 c -0.01 c 0.23 0.28 0.03 c 0.29 0.16 0.13 (0.10) (0.06) (0.04) (0.08) c (0.11) c (0.06) (0.04) (0.05) c c (0.09) (0.05) c c (0.04) c (0.07) (0.13) (0.09) c (0.06) c (0.09) (0.10) (0.02) c (0.12) (0.06) (0.02) 0.28 0.10 0.18 0.24 c 0.23 c 0.22 -0.14 0.09 c c 0.26 0.02 c c -0.03 c 0.28 0.39 0.19 c -0.02 c 0.27 0.29 -0.03 c 0.33 0.11 0.16 (0.11) (0.05) (0.08) (0.09) c (0.09) c (0.09) (0.06) (0.06) c c (0.11) (0.05) c c (0.03) c (0.11) (0.14) (0.09) c (0.05) c (0.10) (0.11) (0.03) c (0.14) (0.05) (0.02) 0.25 0.24 0.31 0.21 c 0.09 c 0.15 -0.11 0.05 c c 0.26 0.03 c c 0.08 c -0.10 0.39 0.28 c -0.14 c 0.27 0.29 -0.00 c 0.27 0.12 0.15 (0.10) (0.11) (0.13) (0.08) c (0.07) c (0.07) (0.05) (0.06) c c (0.11) (0.05) c c (0.04) c (0.06) (0.15) (0.13) c (0.08) c (0.11) (0.12) (0.02) c (0.11) (0.05) (0.02) 0.27 0.18 0.14 0.26 c 0.31 c 0.19 -0.02 -0.04 c c 0.29 0.07 c c 0.02 c 0.15 0.39 0.35 c -0.15 c 0.23 0.32 0.10 c 0.31 0.13 0.18 (0.11) (0.07) (0.06) (0.10) c (0.13) c (0.08) (0.04) (0.04) c c (0.13) (0.06) c c (0.02) c (0.07) (0.15) (0.15) c (0.08) c (0.09) (0.13) (0.04) c (0.13) (0.06) (0.02) 0.29 0.15 0.16 0.28 c 0.17 c 0.22 -0.04 0.05 c c 0.34 0.09 c c -0.06 c 0.24 0.41 0.28 c 0.06 c 0.41 0.32 0.09 c 0.55 0.26 0.21 (0.11) (0.07) (0.07) (0.11) c (0.08) c (0.09) (0.04) (0.05) c c (0.14) (0.06) c c (0.03) c (0.10) (0.15) (0.13) c (0.06) c (0.16) (0.12) (0.04) c (0.21) (0.12) (0.02) 0.13 -0.18 -0.06 0.06 c -0.07 c -0.05 -0.31 -0.07 c c 0.11 -0.30 c c -0.14 c 0.01 0.11 -0.00 c -0.28 c -0.09 0.05 -0.10 c 0.16 -0.26 -0.06 (0.05) (0.09) (0.04) (0.04) c (0.06) c (0.05) (0.11) (0.06) c c (0.07) (0.12) c c (0.06) c (0.04) (0.05) (0.05) c (0.11) c (0.05) (0.04) (0.05) c (0.07) (0.10) (0.02) 0.17 0.06 0.24 0.01 c 0.13 c 0.08 -0.14 -0.09 c c 0.24 -0.20 c c -0.16 c 0.06 0.28 0.12 c -0.00 c 0.09 0.08 -0.12 c 0.28 -0.14 0.05 (0.07) (0.05) (0.10) (0.02) c (0.07) c (0.05) (0.06) (0.06) c c (0.11) (0.09) c c (0.06) c (0.06) (0.10) (0.08) c (0.08) c (0.05) (0.04) (0.05) c (0.12) (0.06) (0.02) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay c c c c c c -0.06 0.15 0.05 c 0.01 -0.00 c 0.19 0.24 c 0.11 -0.04 0.25 c 0.02 -0.19 -0.06 c c c c c c c c c c (0.05) (0.07) (0.04) c (0.03) (0.04) c (0.10) (0.13) c (0.05) (0.06) (0.08) c (0.04) (0.08) (0.04) c c c c c c c c c c 0.02 0.01 0.05 c -0.00 -0.05 c 0.17 0.16 c 0.11 -0.01 0.35 c -0.01 -0.17 -0.13 c c c c c c c c c c (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) c (0.03) (0.04) c (0.10) (0.12) c (0.04) (0.05) (0.13) c (0.04) (0.08) (0.06) c c c c c c c c c c 0.03 0.17 0.14 c -0.06 0.03 c 0.23 0.23 c 0.13 -0.00 0.28 c -0.01 -0.19 -0.11 c c c c c c c c c c (0.04) (0.08) (0.06) c (0.04) (0.04) c (0.11) (0.13) c (0.06) (0.05) (0.10) c (0.03) (0.08) (0.06) c c c c c c c c c c -0.03 0.39 0.08 c 0.02 -0.04 c 0.29 0.27 c -0.03 -0.05 0.26 c -0.06 -0.17 -0.14 c c c c c c c c c c (0.03) (0.14) (0.04) c (0.03) (0.04) c (0.12) (0.14) c (0.03) (0.06) (0.10) c (0.04) (0.07) (0.07) c c c c c c c c c c -0.02 0.12 -0.02 c -0.08 -0.12 c 0.32 0.34 c -0.05 -0.02 0.07 c 0.04 -0.19 -0.24 c c c c c c c c c c (0.04) (0.06) (0.04) c (0.04) (0.06) c (0.13) (0.15) c (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) c (0.04) (0.07) (0.10) c c c c c c c c c c -0.13 0.02 -0.06 c -0.06 -0.02 c 0.21 0.03 c 0.02 0.24 0.18 c -0.07 -0.12 -0.20 c c c c c c c c c c (0.06) (0.04) (0.04) c (0.04) (0.04) c (0.10) (0.10) c (0.03) (0.11) (0.07) c (0.05) (0.06) (0.08) c c c c c c c c c c 0.01 0.07 0.10 c -0.13 -0.00 c 0.13 0.19 c 0.07 0.06 0.19 c -0.07 -0.13 -0.02 c c c c c c c c c c (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) c (0.05) (0.04) c (0.08) (0.12) c (0.05) (0.06) (0.07) c (0.05) (0.06) (0.04) c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142102278412 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152630454851 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 95 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 4.1a Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the science scale in PISA 2006 Tableau 4.1a Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique du cycle PISA 2006 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Partners OECD Total variance in SP2 Total variance in SP expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance across OECD countries3 Total variance in SP between schools4 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 9 926 9 551 9 791 8 743 9 687 8 580 7 301 w 9 908 8 420 7 720 9 263 8 871 9 045 9 812 8 093 9 356 6 490 9 081 11 230 8 894 8 047 7 824 8 648 8 150 8 635 9 830 6 928 11 156 11 186 8 971 110.6 106.5 109.1 97.5 108.0 95.6 81.4 w 110.4 93.9 86.1 103.2 98.9 100.8 109.4 90.2 104.3 72.3 101.2 125.2 99.1 89.7 87.2 96.4 90.8 96.3 109.6 77.2 124.4 124.7 100.0 19.8 60.7 57.0 17.9 62.4 14.8 4.7 w 66.2 48.5 60.5 9.3 16.9 52.6 53.0 31.8 30.5 25.5 59.6 20.0 9.9 12.2 27.8 40.9 12.7 11.5 37.5 40.8 23.5 29.1 33.0 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 10 197 3 106 7 970 11 352 8 446 7 200 7 356 6 986 8 381 4 909 12 299 7 989 6 991 7 056 9 330 8 082 6 095 6 390 7 012 6 585 8 023 7 224 9 628 8 889 5 958 6 768 8 887 113.7 34.6 88.8 126.5 94.1 80.3 82.0 77.9 93.4 54.7 137.1 89.1 77.9 78.7 104.0 90.1 67.9 71.2 78.2 73.4 89.4 80.5 107.3 99.1 66.4 75.4 99.1 53.2 17.9 41.4 69.6 53.0 25.2 33.8 16.0 34.1 19.4 44.4 19.7 30.7 14.5 c 25.5 19.2 20.2 47.3 35.5 24.1 34.3 64.8 45.8 25.6 32.3 39.6 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students Total variance in SP within schools Between-school variance explained Within-school variance explained 91.1 50.7 53.0 79.3 55.9 82.0 76.7 w 50.8 55.1 38.5 95.4 82.6 51.8 59.4 59.3 72.7 38.2 40.0 106.0 88.8 78.9 58.5 55.6 74.2 85.8 66.7 35.8 97.8 94.0 68.1 7.8 7.9 11.7 4.3 12.7 6.0 1.2 w 11.6 11.3 9.4 0.1 7.4 4.8 2.9 3.8 12.4 4.2 6.8 10.6 2.8 5.5 8.8 11.7 5.0 4.4 8.0 5.9 8.6 12.7 7.2 4.3 0.6 2.0 3.2 1.7 8.1 5.5 w 1.4 1.7 0.2 6.4 4.9 0.4 0.1 0.4 6.0 0.3 0.7 10.1 5.2 8.6 3.6 2.6 5.3 6.2 4.8 0.7 6.1 7.7 3.8 58.4 18.1 46.6 59.4 52.2 57.0 50.0 61.5 58.3 25.4 96.1 67.5 48.3 64.2 c 65.4 55.0 50.8 41.9 37.7 66.9 48.7 42.8 51.7 43.6 43.9 57.7 12.2 1.4 8.2 16.4 14.2 7.5 6.0 3.8 3.6 0.7 9.9 5.1 3.0 4.3 c 9.0 1.0 3.5 c 6.8 4.6 6.6 6.2 6.0 7.7 3.0 11.8 1.6 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.3 1.3 2.9 0.6 0.0 4.1 3.3 0.2 3.1 c 3.8 0.3 0.8 c 1.0 2.2 1.0 0.3 1.0 0.4 0.2 1.9 Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 96 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 2/2 ] Table 4.1a Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the science scale in PISA 2006 Tableau 4.1a Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique du cycle PISA 2006 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools Variance explained by students’ study programmes Variance explained by students’ study programmes and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools Partners OECD Between-school Within-school Between-school Within-school Between-school Within-school variance explained variance explained variance explained variance explained variance explained variance explained Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 12.5 40.1 40.7 7.1 43.5 8.2 1.3 w 49.4 29.1 47.5 0.2 11.4 27.6 29.0 16.9 27.3 13.3 41.1 14.9 3.7 5.8 14.7 23.3 6.2 6.1 17.0 24.3 14.8 18.9 20.5 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 31.4 2.5 24.1 47.5 38.8 14.1 20.4 6.5 13.6 8.0 20.0 7.8 17.4 6.7 c 15.0 2.2 12.0 c 19.8 8.2 22.9 46.2 26.4 18.0 12.6 23.9 Total variance between schools expressed as a percentage of the total variance within the country5 4.4 0.6 2.0 3.2 1.8 8.3 5.5 w 1.4 1.8 0.2 6.3 5.0 0.5 0.1 0.4 6.0 0.4 0.8 10.2 5.2 8.7 3.6 2.5 5.4 6.1 4.8 0.7 6.4 7.7 3.8 1.9 45.2 45.4 2.0 50.2 1.6 0.0 w 56.0 37.3 46.2 1.8 1.1 26.4 9.7 15.2 26.4 9.1 55.7 0.2 0.8 1.0 20.7 23.2 0.0 4.2 5.9 23.9 0.6 5.8 17.8 3.9 0.3 12.7 3.2 0.4 0.1 0.0 w 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.6 0.1 0.0 0.4 22.0 0.0 8.8 1.9 0.1 0.5 11.9 1.3 0.1 0.0 1.0 0.2 1.2 4.3 2.8 13.0 49.5 50.6 7.2 52.2 8.6 1.3 w 58.1 41.7 51.6 2.0 11.4 31.9 30.2 20.9 28.1 16.8 56.3 14.9 4.0 6.0 23.6 29.4 6.2 6.7 18.0 29.6 14.9 20.8 24.3 7.9 0.8 13.3 5.9 2.0 8.4 5.5 w 3.3 1.7 0.3 6.6 8.3 0.5 0.1 0.8 23.9 0.4 9.1 11.7 5.2 8.9 13.6 3.6 5.5 5.9 5.6 0.9 7.4 10.7 6.1 17.9 57.0 52.3 18.4 57.8 15.4 5.8 w 59.9 51.7 70.4 9.0 17.0 52.1 48.5 35.3 29.2 35.3 58.9 15.9 9.9 13.6 31.9 42.4 13.9 12.0 34.2 52.8 18.9 23.3 1.6 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.7 1.4 1.3 2.9 0.6 0.0 4.1 3.3 0.2 3.1 c 3.9 0.3 0.9 c 1.0 2.2 1.0 0.3 1.0 0.6 0.2 2.0 26.2 0.8 14.5 23.6 14.6 6.5 25.7 0.1 8.3 4.7 5.4 0.0 0.0 0.6 c 12.2 7.7 15.4 17.6 19.5 5.0 22.2 52.0 23.2 7.4 25.0 26.3 5.2 0.2 3.8 0.2 0.7 6.6 8.2 0.5 4.9 0.0 0.8 0.0 1.0 1.6 c 0.5 8.5 5.0 0.6 0.0 4.1 3.2 0.1 1.3 1.3 2.1 2.6 40.4 3.1 28.7 48.2 42.6 15.0 26.4 6.4 16.4 9.0 21.7 7.8 17.0 6.8 c 17.5 7.8 16.4 c 25.2 9.4 25.5 54.3 30.7 19.4 26.5 32.8 6.6 0.5 4.5 1.2 1.5 7.3 8.5 3.3 5.0 0.0 4.8 3.3 1.1 4.5 c 4.3 8.7 5.2 c 1.0 5.5 3.7 0.4 2.2 1.9 2.2 4.2 46.8 51.8 46.6 55.0 56.3 31.3 41.3 20.5 36.5 35.5 32.4 22.1 39.4 18.4 c 28.3 28.3 28.3 60.5 48.3 27.0 42.6 60.4 46.2 38.5 42.8 39.9 Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 97 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.1b Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the science scale in PISA 2003 Tableau 4.1b Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique du cycle PISA 2003 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Total variance in SP expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student perforTotal mance variance Total across in SP variance OECD between in SP2 countries3 schools4 Total variance Between- Withinin SP school school within variance variance schools explained explained 10 283 103.4 20.5 82.4 9.2 4.9 14.6 5.0 1.3 2.4 15.5 7.1 19.9 Austria 9 146 91.9 51.6 44.8 8.2 0.7 35.8 0.5 41.0 0.0 44.4 0.8 56.1 Belgium 10 308 103.6 43.6 61.2 15.5 4.1 34.2 4.2 31.6 11.8 36.7 13.3 42.1 Canada 9 845 99.0 15.3 82.3 5.0 5.6 7.0 5.6 3.0 5.2 7.3 9.9 15.5 Czech Republic 9 746 98.0 39.9 62.5 11.9 2.2 29.7 2.3 17.3 0.0 33.0 2.2 40.8 10 263 103.2 12.8 91.3 7.4 9.9 8.8 9.9 1.2 0.2 9.0 10.1 12.4 8 209 82.5 3.5 79.0 0.7 7.5 0.7 7.5 0.0 0.0 0.7 7.5 4.3 w w w w w w w w w w w w w Germany 11 004 110.6 56.3 55.3 17.5 3.6 44.7 3.7 1.8 0.1 44.7 3.8 50.9 Greece OECD Australia Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students Variance explained Total by students’ study variance programmes and between the PISA index of schools economic, social Variance explained and cultural status expressed as a by students’ study of students and percentprogrammes schools age of the total Between- Within- Between- Within- Between- Within- variance school school school school school school within variance variance variance variance variance variance the explained explained explained explained explained explained country5 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools Denmark Finland France 10 069 101.2 27.2 75.3 8.5 2.1 19.0 2.1 20.0 0.1 23.7 2.2 26.9 Hungary 8 795 88.4 36.4 52.8 8.5 0.5 31.0 0.5 26.6 0.0 32.2 0.6 41.2 Iceland 9 077 91.2 3.6 87.6 0.8 5.2 0.8 5.3 0.0 0.0 0.8 5.3 3.9 Ireland 8 592 86.4 13.4 73.8 8.5 7.2 11.4 7.4 1.5 4.0 11.5 10.8 15.5 Italy 11 611 116.7 57.1 61.8 7.7 0.8 33.5 0.9 22.6 0.0 36.0 0.9 48.9 Japan 11 892 119.5 55.4 65.0 4.4 0.2 36.4 0.2 4.4 0.0 37.1 0.2 46.3 Korea 10 089 101.4 38.9 63.2 5.8 0.7 23.1 0.7 20.3 0.6 27.2 1.2 38.3 Luxembourg 10 538 105.9 30.5 75.5 10.5 4.0 27.5 4.0 9.0 7.4 27.2 10.0 28.8 Mexico 7 524 75.6 0.0 13.9 0.8 25.7 Netherlands 9 366 94.1 52.5 43.6 8.2 1.1 40.3 1.1 48.7 3.6 50.0 4.6 55.8 New Zealand 10 658 107.1 18.8 89.1 9.4 8.6 14.3 8.7 0.6 2.9 14.3 11.1 17.6 Norway 10 717 107.7 8.2 99.5 3.0 10.9 3.3 10.9 0.1 0.1 3.3 10.9 7.6 Poland 10 472 105.3 14.9 90.9 8.9 9.8 10.5 10.0 1.0 0.1 10.7 10.0 14.1 Portugal 8 687 87.3 27.3 61.6 8.1 3.9 14.9 3.9 23.4 7.6 25.2 9.9 31.2 Slovak Republic 9 496 95.5 34.8 60.4 11.4 2.8 27.3 2.8 22.9 0.1 28.7 3.0 36.4 Spain 9 982 100.3 16.7 80.7 6.3 4.9 8.9 4.9 0.0 1.1 7.4 5.5 16.6 Sweden 11 291 113.5 10.0 103.8 4.5 11.7 5.3 11.7 1.3 0.6 6.2 12.1 8.9 Switzerland 11 439 115.0 33.1 77.1 10.8 7.2 19.4 7.3 5.5 0.9 19.7 8.0 28.7 9 174 92.2 47.5 42.4 7.8 0.6 33.6 0.6 9.0 0.1 34.1 0.6 51.6 m m m m m m m m m m m m m 10 271 103.2 22.8 80.3 11.1 7.2 16.1 7.4 2.0 1.7 16.2 8.5 22.1 OECD average 9 948 100.0 29.0 71.1 8.0 4.6 20.1 4.6 11.5 1.8 22.0 6.1 Brazil 9 702 97.5 32.4 60.5 4.2 0.0 19.1 0.1 12.6 2.3 24.6 2.4 33.3 Hong Kong-China 8 764 88.1 39.1 47.0 2.5 0.2 16.1 0.2 12.0 2.9 21.5 3.0 44.4 Indonesia 4 633 46.6 16.1 27.5 1.3 0.1 7.4 0.1 3.8 0.0 7.9 0.1 34.6 Latvia 8 554 86.0 17.5 69.7 4.6 4.0 7.3 4.0 0.5 0.9 7.3 4.7 20.3 Liechtenstein 10 694 107.5 c c c c c c c c c c c Macao-China 7 724 77.6 13.6 67.0 0.6 0.1 2.6 0.1 4.7 5.1 6.2 5.1 17.6 Russian Federation 9 945 100.0 20.9 78.9 5.3 2.9 10.0 2.8 3.6 2.1 10.6 4.4 20.9 Thailand 6 622 66.6 22.0 46.6 6.3 0.6 13.7 0.7 4.7 1.2 14.9 1.9 33.0 Tunisia 7 622 76.6 25.7 50.9 2.4 0.1 12.0 0.1 20.3 1.4 21.1 1.6 33.5 11 872 119.3 41.0 83.9 12.6 1.7 28.5 2.0 29.9 1.6 36.0 3.6 34.3 Turkey United Kingdom Partners United States Uruguay Click Here To View0.6 The 11.6 Agreement. 7.0 19.5 48.9 4.5 0.8 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. Students in special education programmes were excluded from these analyses. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 98 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.1c Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the science scale in PISA 2000 Tableau 4.1c Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique du cycle PISA 2000 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Total variance in SP expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance Total variance Total variance Total variance across OECD in SP between in SP within in SP2 countries3 schools4 schools Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students Betweenschool variance explained Within-school variance explained Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools Betweenschool variance explained Total variance between schools expressed as a percentage of the total Within-school variance variance within the explained country5 8 866 101.1 17.0 83.7 8.7 5.3 11.5 5.8 16.8 Austria 8 548 97.5 56.4 49.1 8.6 0.4 36.9 0.5 57.8 Belgium 10 897 124.3 65.0 64.2 15.3 2.7 43.5 2.8 52.3 Canada 7 830 89.3 14.4 73.9 4.3 5.2 5.6 5.4 16.1 Czech Republic 7 968 90.9 32.8 59.2 11.4 3.1 22.7 3.2 36.0 10 391 118.5 17.2 102.1 7.8 12.3 10.1 12.5 14.5 7 351 83.9 4.1 79.7 0.7 5.2 0.7 5.2 4.9 w w w w w w w w w Germany 9 791 111.7 54.2 59.4 16.3 2.9 43.9 3.1 48.5 Greece 9 382 107.0 43.1 64.7 6.4 0.8 21.3 0.8 40.3 Hungary 9 871 112.6 52.5 58.1 11.2 0.3 43.4 0.4 46.6 Iceland 7 660 87.4 6.3 81.2 1.5 3.1 1.7 3.1 7.2 Ireland 8 365 95.4 13.6 82.3 6.8 5.6 10.0 5.9 14.3 Italy OECD Australia 44.5 Denmark Finland France 9 569 109.2 48.6 64.9 5.9 0.5 23.2 0.5 Japan m m m m m m m m m Korea 6 508 74.2 29.4 45.9 2.9 0.1 15.7 0.1 39.6 Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands m m m m m m m m m 5 947 67.8 27.5 39.9 6.4 0.1 18.4 0.2 40.5 m m m m m m m m m New Zealand 9 868 112.6 19.2 93.2 9.8 8.1 13.9 8.4 17.1 Norway 8 969 102.3 9.1 93.3 3.1 10.4 Poland 9 059 103.3 Portugal 7 837 89.4 27.2 60.6 8.6 Spain 9 042 103.1 17.5 86.2 9.9 Sweden 8 650 98.7 7.7 91.1 10 018 114.3 45.8 64.2 Switzerland 10.4 8.9 0.1 49.1 2.8 17.4 2.8 30.4 5.8 11.8 6.0 17.0 3.4 5.9 4.5 5.9 7.8 13.2 6.2 25.2 6.1 40.1 m m m m m m m m m United States 9 226 105.3 34.5 72.2 15.9 5.4 27.2 5.7 32.8 OECD average Partners United Kingdom 3.3 31.1 50.7 51.7 4.6 0.0 Click Here To View The Agreement. 8 766 100.0 30.2 70.5 7.9 4.0 19.3 4.1 Argentina 11 458 130.7 57.1 74.7 11.4 0.2 37.0 0.5 43.7 Brazil 8 153 93.0 27.8 66.7 10.5 0.6 17.3 1.7 29.9 Bulgaria 8 859 101.1 42.5 63.7 14.4 1.0 34.6 1.3 42.1 Chile 8 869 101.2 41.2 64.6 14.1 1.0 28.4 1.1 40.7 Hong Kong-China 7 135 81.4 35.9 44.8 4.2 0.6 16.2 0.7 44.1 Indonesia 5 520 63.0 19.4 39.2 1.1 0.0 6.7 0.1 30.8 Israel 14 913 170.1 58.2 109.1 16.2 3.6 34.9 4.1 34.2 Latvia 9 461 107.9 31.7 76.5 6.6 1.6 17.3 1.7 29.4 Liechtenstein 8 806 100.5 c c c c c c c Romania 8 879 101.3 36.4 66.8 0.9 0.0 15.3 0.0 35.9 Russian Federation 9 782 111.6 34.4 76.6 5.3 1.6 13.1 1.5 30.8 Thailand 5 870 67.0 20.2 47.4 3.0 0.0 9.9 0.1 30.2 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. Students in special education programmes were excluded from these analyses. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 99 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 4.1d Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the reading scale in PISA 2006 Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit du cycle PISA 2006 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Partners OECD Total variance in SP2 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 8 687 11 667 11 853 9 142 12 332 7 844 6 575 w 12 245 10 449 8 846 9 143 8 426 11 683 10 132 7 790 10 015 9 147 9 248 10 749 10 687 9 985 9 731 11 009 7 827 9 362 8 776 8 559 10 071 m 9 714 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 15 354 4 943 10 486 13 721 10 678 11 631 7 887 7 142 6 677 5 596 14 072 8 720 10 395 8 171 8 740 9 087 5 843 8 052 11 731 8 423 8 692 8 405 7 735 7 076 6 701 9 448 14 703 Total variance in SP expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance across OECD countries3 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students Total variance in SP between schools4 Total variance in SP within schools Between-school variance explained Within-school variance explained 89.4 120.1 122.0 94.1 127.0 80.8 67.7 w 126.1 107.6 91.1 94.1 86.7 120.3 104.3 80.2 103.1 94.2 95.2 110.7 110.0 102.8 100.2 113.3 80.6 96.4 90.3 88.1 103.7 m 100.0 18.8 70.3 66.9 21.6 75.0 15.8 6.5 w 100.5 56.2 74.0 11.6 20.1 63.5 54.0 33.0 28.9 33.9 57.3 20.3 13.4 16.2 35.4 57.0 13.0 17.0 31.7 41.8 21.9 m 38.4 71.9 54.8 57.2 72.6 59.1 67.0 61.3 w 48.0 59.5 34.6 85.0 67.3 58.7 55.0 48.7 71.8 48.8 35.0 91.7 96.5 87.9 64.1 58.3 63.7 81.0 53.9 44.5 78.5 m 63.4 7.0 5.3 9.9 4.8 9.4 4.8 1.5 w 8.5 7.1 3.5 0.9 6.5 2.1 2.4 2.1 11.2 3.9 4.1 8.0 3.1 6.5 11.0 9.2 3.7 4.6 6.0 4.7 6.4 m 5.6 3.5 0.2 1.3 3.5 0.7 4.6 3.7 w 0.6 0.5 0.0 3.8 3.7 0.0 0.1 0.1 5.6 0.2 0.3 8.8 5.3 8.2 4.2 1.3 3.0 4.2 2.8 0.4 3.8 m 2.6 158.1 50.9 107.9 141.3 109.9 119.7 81.2 73.5 68.7 57.6 144.9 89.8 107.0 84.1 90.0 93.5 60.2 82.9 120.8 86.7 89.5 86.5 79.6 72.8 69.0 97.3 151.4 71.0 24.3 47.0 81.4 62.1 35.8 39.1 22.7 26.8 25.0 58.5 26.5 44.5 22.3 c 27.3 17.4 27.9 71.9 47.9 32.1 40.5 68.4 32.7 29.6 47.7 62.4 84.9 29.1 55.3 64.2 63.2 83.0 43.7 50.1 41.5 24.5 91.9 61.0 63.5 62.7 c 67.5 48.0 57.9 61.7 41.6 60.7 48.8 25.5 38.7 41.1 53.4 87.8 10.3 2.3 6.5 15.1 12.2 9.3 4.1 3.2 2.2 0.5 8.3 5.3 5.6 4.5 c 8.8 0.7 3.1 c 2.5 5.2 7.2 3.4 4.9 5.5 2.1 12.4 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.4 1.8 0.5 1.6 0.3 0.0 3.0 3.4 0.8 2.2 c 3.5 0.3 0.4 c 0.0 1.6 1.0 0.1 1.0 0.2 0.0 1.2 Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 100 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 2/2 ] Table 4.1d Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the reading scale in PISA 2006 Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit du cycle PISA 2006 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools Variance explained by students’ study programmes Variance explained by students’ study programmes and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools Partners OECD Between-school Within-school Between-school Within-school Between-school Within-school variance explained variance explained variance explained variance explained variance explained variance explained Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 11.8 41.7 43.3 8.1 47.3 7.5 2.0 w 63.9 29.4 53.6 0.9 11.5 32.0 30.1 14.6 24.0 15.9 34.8 10.9 4.1 7.4 19.1 24.3 5.2 7.9 15.2 22.8 12.3 m 21.5 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 35.0 8.6 23.6 52.8 40.8 16.8 21.9 7.2 9.6 10.1 18.7 8.2 20.6 8.9 c 15.3 1.1 17.0 c 23.5 12.2 26.7 39.7 18.9 18.0 16.3 31.4 Total variance between schools expressed as a percentage of the total variance within the country5 3.5 0.2 1.3 3.5 0.9 4.7 3.7 w 0.5 0.5 0.0 3.8 3.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 5.6 0.2 0.3 8.8 5.3 8.3 4.2 1.3 3.0 4.0 2.7 0.4 4.0 m 2.7 1.2 54.1 53.5 2.0 59.8 3.1 0.0 w 86.2 39.9 53.7 2.0 0.8 35.0 10.4 13.1 27.2 12.3 50.8 0.0 0.8 1.2 24.1 31.9 0.0 4.4 4.3 22.4 0.8 m 21.2 3.7 1.2 13.0 3.7 0.3 0.1 0.0 w 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.5 0.1 0.0 0.5 25.9 0.0 7.8 2.2 0.0 0.6 13.3 3.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.0 1.7 m 3.0 11.9 56.2 58.0 8.0 61.2 8.9 2.0 w 88.7 44.5 60.1 2.7 11.4 38.7 30.9 18.2 27.7 21.1 51.1 10.7 4.4 7.6 28.9 35.6 5.2 5.6 15.7 27.1 12.4 m 26.9 6.8 1.3 13.2 6.7 1.0 4.9 3.7 w 2.1 0.5 0.0 4.0 7.0 0.1 0.1 0.6 27.3 0.3 7.9 10.5 5.2 8.5 15.2 4.1 3.1 6.6 3.2 0.5 5.6 m 5.4 21.1 58.5 54.8 23.0 59.1 19.5 9.7 w 79.7 52.3 81.2 12.3 23.2 52.8 51.8 41.1 28.1 36.0 60.2 18.4 12.2 15.8 35.4 50.3 16.1 17.7 35.1 47.5 21.2 m 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.4 1.9 0.5 1.6 0.3 0.0 3.0 3.4 0.9 2.1 c 3.5 0.3 0.4 c 0.1 1.6 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.3 0.0 1.3 32.7 0.5 17.1 27.1 18.4 9.4 28.0 0.0 6.2 6.5 8.3 0.0 0.0 2.6 c 11.4 5.2 21.2 26.6 26.8 5.5 26.2 54.0 15.3 8.9 32.0 35.2 6.1 0.4 5.0 0.6 0.8 11.4 8.3 0.9 3.0 0.0 0.5 0.0 1.5 2.0 c 0.5 6.6 6.5 0.7 0.0 4.5 4.8 0.0 0.5 1.9 3.0 4.1 47.9 8.8 29.9 53.6 47.0 18.2 29.1 6.9 11.9 11.8 24.2 8.2 20.1 11.6 c 17.1 5.2 22.3 c 32.7 12.8 30.1 54.7 21.8 20.4 34.2 44.1 6.8 0.6 5.3 1.1 1.2 12.2 8.3 2.4 3.1 0.0 3.4 3.4 2.2 4.0 c 4.0 6.8 6.5 c 0.1 5.4 5.3 0.1 1.5 2.2 3.0 5.0 44.9 47.8 43.5 57.7 56.5 29.9 48.1 30.8 38.9 43.3 40.4 29.5 41.6 26.6 c 29.2 29.0 33.6 59.5 55.2 35.9 46.8 85.9 44.9 42.9 49.0 41.2 Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 101 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.1e Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the reading scale in PISA 2003 Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit du cycle PISA 2003 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Total variance in SP expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance Total across variance Total OECD in SP variance counbetween in SP2 tries3 schools4 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students Total variance Between- Withinin SP school school within variance variance schools explained explained Variance explained Total by students’ study variance programmes and between the PISA index of schools economic, social Variance explained and cultural status expressed as a by students’ study of students and percentprogrammes schools age of the total Between- Within- Between- Within- Between- Within- variance school school school school school school within variance variance variance variance variance variance the explained explained explained explained explained explained country5 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools 9 345 103.8 21.7 80.9 8.9 4.3 15.1 4.4 1.4 2.2 16.1 6.3 20.9 Austria 9 894 109.9 65.3 51.2 12.5 1.4 47.2 1.2 53.7 0.0 57.9 1.5 59.4 Belgium 10 249 113.9 52.6 63.0 15.3 3.3 39.2 3.3 35.1 11.6 42.7 12.6 46.2 Canada 7 771 86.3 13.7 72.0 4.0 4.2 5.7 4.2 2.8 4.3 6.3 7.8 15.8 Czech Republic 7 913 87.9 38.0 53.7 9.5 1.4 27.9 1.5 18.3 0.0 31.8 1.5 43.2 Denmark 7 729 85.9 15.7 72.2 7.5 7.3 9.8 7.4 2.5 0.1 10.6 7.5 18.3 Finland 6 521 72.5 2.8 69.7 0.6 6.3 0.6 6.3 0.0 0.0 0.6 6.3 3.9 w w w w w w w w w w w w w Germany 10 218 113.5 59.6 54.9 14.4 2.1 46.1 2.1 1.0 0.1 46.2 2.2 52.5 Greece OECD Australia France 10 842 120.5 44.1 82.7 7.8 0.9 28.1 0.8 32.7 0.0 37.4 0.7 36.6 Hungary 8 008 89.0 42.8 47.1 6.7 0.2 35.7 0.2 33.2 0.0 37.9 0.3 48.1 Iceland 9 545 106.0 4.1 102.0 0.8 3.3 0.8 3.3 0.0 0.0 0.8 3.3 3.8 Ireland 7 375 81.9 17.8 65.3 8.3 5.3 13.1 5.4 2.2 4.7 13.7 9.7 21.7 Italy 10 097 112.2 55.4 58.1 6.8 0.6 32.8 0.6 24.4 0.0 34.5 0.7 49.4 Japan 10 907 121.2 54.3 68.3 5.4 0.3 35.6 0.4 3.4 0.0 36.5 0.4 44.8 Korea 6 768 75.2 27.6 48.9 4.6 0.6 16.7 0.6 14.4 0.3 19.6 0.9 36.7 Luxembourg 9 816 109.1 29.5 79.2 10.6 4.5 25.2 4.5 7.9 8.3 24.6 11.3 27.1 Mexico 9 041 100.4 0.0 23.0 0.5 31.2 Netherlands 6 647 73.9 40.4 35.0 5.4 0.6 30.1 0.6 36.1 2.1 37.3 2.7 54.8 New Zealand 10 744 119.4 20.4 100.0 10.0 10.0 14.7 10.0 0.8 3.7 14.7 13.1 17.1 Norway 10 376 115.3 8.9 106.5 2.9 10.6 3.2 10.6 0.1 0.1 3.2 10.6 7.7 Poland 9 185 102.0 14.9 87.4 7.9 8.3 9.7 8.4 0.8 0.1 9.9 8.4 14.6 Portugal 8 551 95.0 36.7 60.9 7.8 2.3 19.9 2.3 31.0 8.6 33.9 9.7 38.6 Slovak Republic 8 362 92.9 37.1 55.6 11.1 2.5 28.7 2.5 25.7 0.3 31.0 2.8 39.9 Spain 9 071 100.8 18.9 78.7 5.9 3.6 9.2 3.7 0.0 1.5 6.6 4.7 18.8 Sweden 8 985 99.8 9.0 91.2 4.1 10.3 4.8 10.3 1.7 0.5 6.0 10.6 9.0 Switzerland 8 893 98.8 28.6 67.1 9.0 5.5 16.9 5.5 4.7 0.6 17.2 6.0 28.9 Turkey 9 023 100.3 52.9 47.4 7.5 0.5 37.1 0.4 12.0 0.1 38.7 0.5 52.8 m m m m m m m m m m m m m 10 139 112.7 27.4 85.9 12.4 7.2 18.9 7.4 3.4 3.3 19.4 9.9 24.3 9 001 100.0 31.1 69.3 7.6 3.8 21.1 3.9 12.9 1.9 23.5 5.4 United Kingdom United States OECD average 12 395 137.7 38.4 95.1 4.7 0.0 21.6 0.1 18.9 4.6 30.4 4.7 27.9 Hong Kong-China 7 016 77.9 32.2 44.1 1.3 0.1 12.8 0.1 10.4 2.0 17.8 2.0 41.3 Indonesia 5 822 64.7 22.1 38.9 1.1 0.0 10.0 0.1 6.0 0.0 11.2 0.1 34.1 Latvia 8 116 90.2 17.9 73.4 3.9 3.5 6.0 3.5 0.5 1.0 6.0 4.3 19.9 Liechtenstein 8 019 89.1 c c c c c c c c c c c Macao-China 4 484 49.8 12.3 40.7 0.4 0.0 1.9 0.0 3.9 3.5 5.1 3.5 24.6 Russian Federation 8 690 96.6 22.6 73.9 6.3 3.3 12.2 3.2 4.3 2.9 12.9 5.5 23.5 Thailand 6 103 67.8 23.4 46.6 4.1 0.1 13.4 0.2 5.0 1.4 14.8 1.6 34.5 Tunisia Partners Brazil Click Here To View0.4 The 18.5 Agreement.12.6 31.4 55.1 4.7 0.5 9 134 101.5 33.8 67.4 3.6 0.2 16.0 0.2 26.8 1.7 27.9 2.0 33.3 14 744 163.8 61.7 111.7 17.0 2.0 43.3 2.2 45.8 3.3 54.7 5.5 37.7 Uruguay 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. Students in special education programmes were excluded from these analyses. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 102 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.1f Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the reading scale in PISA 2000 Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de compréhension de l’écrit du cycle PISA 2000 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Total variance in SP expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance Total variance Total variance Total variance across OECD in SP between in SP within in SP2 countries3 schools4 schools Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools Betweenschool variance explained Within-school variance explained Betweenschool variance explained Total variance between schools expressed as a percentage of the total Within-school variance variance within the explained country5 10 313 116.2 20.6 94.9 11.6 8.0 14.9 8.3 17.8 Austria 8 954 100.9 63.5 49.2 8.8 0.6 43.2 0.6 62.9 Belgium 10 485 118.1 69.5 53.9 11.7 1.7 44.2 1.7 58.8 Canada 8 875 100.0 17.6 83.1 6.3 6.1 8.9 6.3 17.6 Czech Republic 7 393 83.3 36.2 48.0 9.9 2.6 24.8 2.7 43.5 Denmark 9 258 104.3 17.3 89.2 7.7 10.1 9.7 10.1 16.6 Finland 7 484 84.3 5.3 79.1 1.0 5.9 1.0 5.9 6.3 w w w w w w w w w 10 062 113.3 61.7 53.9 14.3 2.2 49.5 2.2 54.5 Greece 9 405 105.9 56.7 55.1 7.1 1.0 27.1 1.0 53.5 Hungary 7 892 88.9 51.8 36.2 5.4 0.1 41.9 0.1 58.2 Iceland 8 347 94.0 7.4 86.7 1.8 4.7 2.0 4.6 7.9 Ireland 8 682 97.8 17.1 81.6 6.9 5.1 11.2 5.2 17.5 Italy OECD Australia Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students 58.7 France Germany 8 298 93.5 54.9 44.8 2.9 0.1 29.1 0.1 Japan m m m m m m m m m Korea 4 836 54.5 20.8 34.6 2.3 0.3 10.4 0.2 38.1 Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands m m m m m m m m m 7 399 83.3 44.5 39.3 6.3 0.2 29.1 0.2 53.4 m m m m m m m m m New Zealand 11 359 128.0 20.7 106.9 9.8 8.9 14.4 9.1 16.2 Norway 10 552 118.9 4.6 11.0 10.2 Poland 9 475 106.7 67.3 40.7 2.6 0.0 38.0 0.0 63.1 Portugal 9 362 105.5 38.5 66.0 11.3 3.7 25.1 3.7 36.5 Spain 7 111 80.1 16.1 64.2 7.8 4.2 10.5 4.3 20.1 Sweden 8 404 94.7 8.5 86.5 4.4 6.8 5.8 6.8 9.0 10 374 116.9 49.3 65.2 12.4 5.4 27.4 5.3 42.2 Switzerland m m m m m m m m m United States 9 865 111.1 31.2 83.1 15.4 6.5 24.9 6.7 28.1 OECD average Partners United Kingdom 12.1 107.3 4.0 11.0 Click Here To View The Agreement. 8 878 100.0 34.3 67.4 7.5 4.1 21.6 4.2 11 421 129.4 67.9 61.3 10.9 0.6 43.9 0.6 52.4 7 369 83.0 37.8 48.8 7.9 0.4 23.3 0.6 45.5 10 161 115.1 69.8 53.6 14.2 1.3 53.8 1.4 60.6 Chile 8 043 91.1 56.2 44.6 11.5 0.9 34.7 0.9 61.6 Hong Kong-China 6 937 78.1 36.7 40.8 2.5 0.2 15.6 0.2 47.0 Indonesia 5 162 58.1 22.9 30.0 1.7 0.2 8.9 0.2 39.3 Israel 11 333 128.4 59.1 68.5 14.3 2.6 36.1 2.7 46.0 Latvia 10 345 116.5 37.2 80.8 6.8 2.1 20.3 2.2 31.9 9 152 103.1 c c c c c c c 10 301 116.7 57.6 62.2 1.6 0.0 26.6 0.0 49.3 Russian Federation 8 418 94.8 34.3 60.2 5.4 1.7 16.2 1.6 36.2 Thailand 5 847 65.9 20.7 46.3 3.1 0.2 8.6 0.3 31.4 Argentina Brazil Bulgaria Liechtenstein Romania 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. Students in special education programmes were excluded from these analyses. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 103 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 4.1g Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the mathematics scale in PISA 2006 Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture mathématique du cycle PISA 2006 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Partners OECD Total variance in SP2 Total variance in SP expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance across OECD countries3 Total variance in SP between schools4 Total variance in SP within schools Between-school variance explained Within-school variance explained Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 7 658 9 619 11 090 7 268 10 604 7 111 6 499 w 9 665 8 476 8 229 7 715 6 687 9 067 8 086 8 561 8 692 7 266 7 790 8 468 8 260 7 471 8 209 8 921 7 868 7 906 9 463 8 693 7 779 8 028 8 316 92.1 115.7 133.4 87.4 127.5 85.5 78.2 w 116.2 101.9 99.0 92.8 80.4 109.0 97.2 102.9 104.5 87.4 93.7 101.8 99.3 89.8 98.7 107.3 94.6 95.1 113.8 104.5 93.6 97.1 100.0 19.7 69.5 69.4 18.2 77.1 14.9 5.8 w 74.0 46.5 74.0 8.5 15.5 59.1 52.8 41.9 33.2 31.0 58.5 15.7 10.7 13.3 33.1 54.5 14.8 14.1 39.4 54.7 20.1 26.4 36.8 72.4 54.5 62.4 69.9 64.2 72.8 72.4 w 47.9 65.2 39.7 85.3 65.4 54.0 46.4 61.9 70.6 42.2 33.9 86.8 88.6 78.1 65.6 57.3 77.0 82.4 70.0 47.9 69.7 68.6 64.6 6.7 7.7 12.8 3.9 15.2 5.4 1.4 w 11.6 13.2 12.6 0.6 6.3 4.1 3.8 6.0 10.2 3.8 5.6 7.9 3.1 5.9 10.2 13.0 5.5 4.8 7.2 7.8 6.5 10.3 7.3 3.3 0.5 2.1 3.1 1.9 6.7 6.4 w 1.3 2.8 0.6 6.7 4.3 0.3 0.3 0.8 3.3 0.2 0.5 7.2 5.0 8.5 4.0 2.4 4.9 6.6 3.7 0.9 4.0 5.5 3.4 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 10 199 2 308 8 462 10 179 7 707 7 759 6 954 6 467 8 694 6 403 11 447 6 891 7 489 6 823 8 610 8 042 7 107 7 216 8 343 7 036 8 015 8 378 7 945 10 584 6 642 8 455 9 859 122.6 27.8 101.8 122.4 92.7 93.3 83.6 77.8 104.6 77.0 137.7 82.9 90.1 82.1 103.5 96.7 85.5 86.8 100.3 84.6 96.4 100.7 95.5 127.3 79.9 101.7 118.6 60.9 19.9 52.2 62.9 58.2 35.8 32.7 19.2 41.1 33.0 56.9 19.6 37.9 18.4 c 32.0 20.7 20.9 60.5 43.4 27.9 44.5 55.5 60.1 29.8 48.1 47.5 59.2 15.0 46.6 60.0 46.4 61.0 52.4 57.8 62.6 33.3 83.6 60.5 51.5 63.9 c 67.2 70.6 62.6 53.5 40.7 71.0 61.3 36.9 62.4 52.0 53.0 69.2 11.9 0.1 8.9 16.0 14.8 9.7 5.5 4.9 3.5 0.9 10.6 5.6 5.2 5.2 c 11.6 1.0 3.6 c 7.7 4.7 7.8 5.1 7.3 7.6 8.1 14.8 1.2 0.1 0.6 1.2 0.9 1.3 1.1 3.4 0.4 0.0 3.5 3.3 0.6 3.8 c 4.5 0.2 1.2 c 1.1 3.2 0.9 0.3 1.1 0.4 1.0 2.5 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 104 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 2/2 ] Table 4.1g Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the mathematics scale in PISA 2006 Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture mathématique du cycle PISA 2006 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools Variance explained by students’ study programmes Variance explained by students’ study programmes and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools Partners OECD Between-school Within-school Between-school Within-school Between-school Within-school variance explained variance explained variance explained variance explained variance explained variance explained Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 11.7 40.7 45.7 6.2 54.6 7.4 1.5 w 54.2 27.6 53.1 0.6 9.9 27.0 28.7 24.0 29.8 15.0 37.6 11.2 4.3 6.4 17.1 29.6 7.2 6.9 16.9 31.9 12.4 16.4 21.9 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 35.7 0.2 29.7 41.0 40.3 21.6 19.8 8.8 17.8 12.2 25.5 9.0 21.5 8.2 c 20.3 3.0 11.6 22.0 23.7 7.1 30.7 37.4 35.5 19.0 24.4 29.2 Total variance between schools expressed as a percentage of the total variance within the country5 3.4 0.5 2.1 3.2 2.1 6.8 6.4 w 1.3 2.8 0.5 6.7 4.4 0.3 0.3 0.8 3.3 0.3 0.5 7.3 4.9 8.7 4.0 2.3 4.9 6.5 3.7 0.9 4.3 5.6 3.4 1.7 53.5 55.5 0.7 61.1 2.7 0.0 w 61.0 33.8 52.7 1.3 0.9 24.9 8.8 19.5 28.1 11.5 53.0 0.1 0.9 1.3 24.0 27.2 0.0 5.1 5.5 30.3 0.7 5.1 19.7 3.7 0.7 15.0 3.7 0.3 0.1 0.0 w 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.2 3.6 0.0 0.0 0.5 21.2 0.0 9.3 1.6 0.1 0.6 13.1 1.5 0.1 0.0 1.1 0.2 0.8 4.2 2.9 12.4 56.0 60.3 5.2 64.5 8.5 1.5 w 63.6 38.4 58.8 1.8 9.7 31.6 29.6 28.8 30.8 19.7 53.3 11.1 4.7 6.6 27.5 34.9 7.3 8.8 17.7 39.7 12.4 18.1 26.3 6.6 1.1 15.5 6.4 2.2 7.0 6.4 w 3.0 2.8 0.6 6.9 7.6 0.4 0.3 1.3 21.7 0.3 9.5 8.5 4.9 8.9 15.0 3.6 5.0 5.6 4.7 1.1 5.0 8.6 5.9 21.4 60.1 52.0 20.8 60.4 17.4 7.4 w 63.7 45.6 74.8 9.1 19.2 54.2 54.3 40.7 31.8 35.5 62.5 15.4 10.8 14.9 33.5 50.8 15.6 14.8 34.6 52.3 21.5 27.3 1.2 0.1 0.6 1.1 0.9 1.4 1.1 3.4 0.4 0.0 3.5 3.3 0.7 3.8 c 4.5 0.1 1.2 0.0 1.1 3.1 0.9 0.2 1.1 0.6 1.0 2.6 28.1 0.6 15.1 18.9 17.8 9.1 23.3 0.2 10.4 6.7 7.4 0.0 0.0 0.8 c 14.8 9.3 11.5 c 21.2 5.9 27.8 42.6 29.9 6.0 33.1 29.1 4.1 0.2 3.5 0.7 1.5 8.8 7.9 0.7 6.4 0.0 1.1 0.0 1.3 1.6 c 0.5 10.2 5.3 c 0.0 6.7 4.9 0.0 0.9 1.1 2.1 3.7 44.8 0.7 34.1 39.9 45.2 22.5 24.2 8.8 21.2 13.6 28.4 9.0 20.7 8.7 c 22.8 9.7 13.5 29.8 28.9 8.8 32.9 44.8 41.7 19.7 39.2 38.7 5.2 0.2 4.1 1.7 2.3 9.3 8.1 4.0 6.5 0.0 4.4 3.3 1.8 5.2 c 5.0 10.2 5.7 1.3 1.1 8.7 5.2 0.3 2.0 1.7 3.1 5.9 49.6 71.7 51.3 51.3 62.8 38.3 39.1 24.6 39.3 42.9 41.3 23.6 42.1 22.4 c 33.1 24.3 24.1 60.3 51.3 29.0 44.2 58.1 47.2 37.4 47.3 40.1 Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 105 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.1h Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the mathematics scale in PISA 2003 Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture mathématique du cycle PISA 2003 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Total variance in SP expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance Total across variance Total OECD in SP variance counbetween in SP2 tries3 schools4 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students Total variance Between- Withinin SP school school within variance variance schools explained explained Variance explained Total by students’ study variance programmes and between the PISA index of schools economic, social Variance explained and cultural status expressed as a by students’ study of students percentprogrammes and schools age of the total Between- Within- Between- Within- Between- Within- variance within school school school school school school the variance variance variance variance variance variance explained explained explained explained explained explained country5 Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools 9 036 105.1 22.0 82.3 9.0 4.2 15.3 4.3 1.8 2.8 16.6 6.8 21.0 Austria 8 455 98.4 55.4 49.5 7.6 0.6 35.1 0.5 41.4 0.1 44.9 0.8 56.4 Belgium 10 463 121.7 56.9 66.7 17.7 4.4 41.9 4.4 38.3 15.0 44.6 16.2 46.7 Canada 7 626 88.7 15.1 72.6 4.7 4.2 7.1 4.3 2.6 5.0 7.0 8.5 17.1 Czech Republic 8 581 99.8 50.5 55.2 13.8 2.5 36.9 2.6 18.4 0.0 40.0 2.6 50.5 Denmark 8 289 96.4 13.0 84.1 7.7 9.7 9.3 9.8 1.2 0.1 9.4 9.9 13.5 Finland 6 974 81.1 3.9 77.2 0.9 7.9 0.9 7.9 0.0 0.0 0.9 7.9 4.8 w w w w w w w w w w w w w Germany 9 306 108.3 56.4 52.6 14.1 2.2 43.8 2.2 1.1 0.1 43.9 2.3 52.1 Greece 8 751 101.8 38.8 68.0 10.3 2.5 25.2 2.3 28.3 0.0 32.9 2.3 38.1 Hungary 8 200 95.4 49.0 47.3 11.7 1.0 41.6 1.0 34.3 0.1 42.7 1.0 51.4 Iceland 8 123 94.5 3.6 90.9 1.3 4.7 1.3 4.7 0.0 0.0 1.3 4.7 3.8 Ireland 7 213 83.9 13.4 71.2 7.8 6.0 11.0 6.1 1.3 4.3 11.0 9.9 16.0 Italy 9 153 106.5 56.8 52.0 6.6 0.7 30.5 0.7 17.5 0.0 31.7 0.7 53.3 Japan 9 994 116.3 62.1 55.0 3.3 0.1 42.0 0.1 5.2 0.0 42.8 0.1 53.4 Korea 8 531 99.3 42.0 58.1 7.7 1.1 27.8 1.1 21.5 0.6 31.2 1.6 42.3 Luxembourg 8 432 98.1 31.1 67.6 9.2 3.0 27.8 2.9 9.3 8.1 27.6 9.9 31.7 Mexico 7 295 84.9 0.0 20.7 0.5 34.2 Netherlands 7 897 91.9 54.5 39.5 8.7 1.3 40.8 1.3 49.2 3.2 50.7 4.4 59.3 New Zealand 9 457 110.0 20.1 90.9 9.8 8.7 15.2 8.8 0.8 3.1 15.2 11.4 18.2 Norway 8 432 98.1 6.5 91.6 2.7 11.1 2.9 11.2 0.2 0.1 2.9 11.2 6.6 Poland 8 138 94.7 12.0 83.1 7.1 8.9 8.2 9.0 0.8 0.1 8.3 9.0 12.7 Portugal 7 647 89.0 30.3 60.0 9.5 4.8 17.2 4.8 26.5 8.6 28.6 11.6 34.1 Slovak Republic 8 478 98.6 41.5 58.0 12.9 3.1 32.3 3.1 25.9 0.2 33.7 3.3 42.1 Spain 7 803 90.8 17.2 70.1 6.4 4.1 9.8 4.2 0.0 1.8 7.2 5.4 19.0 Sweden 8 880 103.3 10.9 92.7 4.7 11.2 5.8 11.2 1.4 0.5 6.9 11.4 10.5 Switzerland OECD Australia 9 541 111.0 36.4 70.2 9.4 5.1 19.3 5.1 6.0 1.0 19.9 5.9 32.8 10 952 127.4 68.6 56.5 10.0 0.7 48.9 0.6 13.5 0.2 49.9 0.7 53.9 m m m m m m m m m m m m m 9 016 104.9 27.1 78.3 12.1 7.0 18.7 7.2 3.2 2.8 19.2 9.2 25.8 France Turkey United Kingdom United States 8 595 100.0 33.0 67.4 8.3 4.3 22.6 4.3 12.9 2.1 24.7 6.0 10 000 116.3 49.2 59.8 6.3 0.2 28.6 0.3 18.7 3.6 36.8 3.9 42.3 Hong Kong-China 9 946 115.7 52.8 60.4 2.6 0.1 22.7 0.2 15.3 4.6 29.2 4.6 45.6 Indonesia 6 480 75.4 31.6 39.5 0.7 0.0 13.1 0.0 7.2 0.0 14.4 0.0 41.9 Latvia 7 749 90.2 20.6 71.0 5.3 4.6 8.4 4.6 0.6 1.4 8.3 5.7 22.8 Liechtenstein 9 816 114.2 c c c c c c c c c c c Macao-China 7 566 88.0 16.9 74.5 1.4 0.2 4.5 0.2 6.1 7.4 9.0 7.5 19.2 Russian Federation 8 501 98.9 29.7 69.1 5.6 2.7 11.9 2.6 4.5 2.9 12.6 4.9 30.1 Thailand 6 723 78.2 30.3 51.0 5.9 0.4 16.4 0.5 4.8 1.6 17.0 2.0 38.8 Tunisia 6 707 78.0 32.8 44.9 5.3 0.6 18.1 0.7 25.2 1.8 27.6 2.4 42.1 Uruguay Partners OECD average Click Here To View0.3 The 16.5 Agreement.11.1 29.0 44.8 4.2 0.4 9 915 115.4 53.5 68.6 13.0 1.4 38.2 1.5 37.6 2.7 47.4 4.1 46.4 Brazil 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. Students in special education programmes were excluded from these analyses. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 106 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.1i Between-school and within-school variance in student performance on the mathematics scale in PISA 2000 Variance inter- et intra-établissements des scores sur l’échelle de culture mathématique du cycle PISA 2000 Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance (SP) across OECD countries1 Total variance in SP expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance Total variance Total variance Total variance across OECD in SP between in SP within in SP2 countries3 schools4 schools Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students Betweenschool variance explained Within-school variance explained Variance explained by the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of students and schools Betweenschool variance explained Total variance between schools expressed as a percentage of the total variance Within-school within the variance country5 explained 8 066 95.5 16.3 78.5 9.9 5.9 12.1 6.5 17.0 Austria 8 648 102.4 57.5 53.9 9.5 0.6 36.1 0.6 56.1 Belgium 10 315 122.1 64.5 61.4 14.0 2.0 43.1 2.1 52.8 Canada 7 104 84.1 14.8 68.8 3.8 4.6 5.2 4.8 17.6 Czech Republic 8 544 101.2 40.9 61.1 12.2 3.5 28.4 3.6 40.4 Denmark 7 195 85.2 12.7 73.2 6.0 6.7 7.2 6.9 14.9 Finland OECD Australia 6 316 74.8 3.4 71.5 0.2 6.1 0.3 6.1 4.5 w w w w w w w w w 9 654 114.3 59.5 56.2 15.0 2.2 44.8 2.4 52.0 France Germany Greece 11 736 139.0 65.8 77.2 11.9 2.3 33.5 2.3 47.3 Hungary 9 193 108.9 54.0 54.7 13.9 0.8 45.4 0.9 49.6 Iceland 6 979 82.6 4.4 78.4 1.0 4.5 1.0 4.5 5.4 Ireland 6 916 81.9 9.3 72.7 5.3 5.8 7.5 6.1 11.4 Italy 43.6 8 079 95.7 41.7 57.7 3.9 0.2 19.7 0.2 Japan m m m m m m m m m Korea 7 108 84.2 34.1 50.7 4.7 0.4 20.8 0.4 40.5 Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands m m m m m m m m m 6 897 81.7 41.3 41.8 7.5 0.2 26.6 0.1 50.5 m m m m m m m m m New Zealand 9 432 111.7 20.0 91.8 9.8 8.0 14.0 8.2 17.9 Norway 8 359 99.0 8.7 90.3 1.7 8.8 Poland 9 949 117.8 Portugal 8 263 97.8 29.0 67.7 10.4 Spain 8 139 96.4 16.8 78.8 8.1 Sweden 8 638 102.3 7.7 94.7 Switzerland 9 886 117.1 46.0 69.8 8.8 8.8 0.4 53.7 3.8 19.3 3.9 29.6 5.4 10.3 5.5 17.4 4.8 7.7 5.5 7.7 7.6 11.0 3.4 25.3 3.1 39.3 m m m m m m m m m United States 8 825 104.5 33.0 73.2 16.9 7.7 26.7 7.9 31.6 OECD average Partners United Kingdom 1.8 35.9 63.2 53.3 0.4 Click Here To View The 6.9 Agreement. 8 445 100.0 32.4 68.6 8.2 3.9 20.5 4.0 14 513 163.0 72.5 88.9 18.3 1.0 49.0 1.3 44.5 9 496 112.4 42.1 73.0 16.6 1.0 28.9 2.3 37.4 11 616 130.5 64.3 71.1 18.5 2.0 50.3 2.3 49.3 Chile 8 735 98.1 47.3 56.9 13.6 0.7 32.3 0.7 48.2 Hong Kong-China 8 642 102.3 46.0 56.1 2.5 0.2 18.6 0.2 45.0 Indonesia 7 095 84.0 26.3 51.7 1.6 0.1 8.7 0.2 31.3 Israel 16 845 189.2 65.6 117.2 21.3 4.6 42.3 5.6 34.7 Latvia 10 614 125.7 33.8 92.4 5.3 1.4 17.2 1.5 26.9 9 080 107.5 c c c c c c c Romania 13 323 149.6 60.5 91.3 4.4 0.0 25.4 0.1 40.4 Russian Federation 10 772 127.6 45.5 81.9 5.4 2.1 12.8 2.0 35.6 6 799 80.5 27.4 54.9 5.2 0.5 11.1 0.6 34.0 Argentina Brazil Bulgaria Liechtenstein Thailand 1. The variance components were estimated for all students in participating countries with data on socio-economic background and study programmes. Students in special education programmes were excluded from these analyses. 2. The total variance in student performance is calculated from the square of the standard deviation for the students used in the analysis. The statistical variance in student performance and not the standard deviation is used for this comparison to allow for the decomposition. 3. The sum of the between- and within-school variance components, as an estimate from a sample, does not necessarily add up to the total. 4. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools and this may affect the estimation of the between-school variance components (see Annex A2). 5. This index is often referred to as the intra-class correlation (rho). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 107 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/3 ] Table 4.2a Distribution of student performance on the science scale, by immigrant status Tableau 4.2a Répartition des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Native students Percentiles of the science performance distribution 5th Mean score 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria 529 523 (2.0) (3.5) 364 368 (3.8) (5.3) 400 400 (3.5) (4.6) 463 460 (2.6) (5.0) 598 589 (2.1) (4.1) 653 638 (2.4) (3.8) 684 667 (3.5) (3.8) Belgium 523 (2.4) 357 (6.6) 394 (4.7) 460 (3.5) 593 (2.2) 639 (2.0) 664 (2.8) 541 (1.8) 385 (4.3) 421 (3.3) 480 (2.2) 605 (2.0) 655 (2.6) 684 (2.7) Czech Republic 515 (3.5) 354 (5.9) 388 (4.8) 445 (4.5) 584 (3.9) 642 (4.4) 673 (4.8) Denmark 503 (2.9) 356 (5.9) 385 (4.2) 441 (3.3) 566 (3.3) 619 (4.4) 649 (4.4) Finland 566 (2.0) 425 (4.4) 457 (2.8) 509 (2.6) 623 (2.4) 674 (2.8) 700 (2.9) France 505 (3.5) 337 (6.9) 374 (5.5) 436 (5.7) 576 (3.6) 628 (3.7) 657 (3.5) Germany 532 (3.2) 373 (6.2) 408 (5.1) 468 (4.8) 599 (3.5) 650 (3.2) 678 (3.2) Greece 478 (3.2) 323 (7.7) 360 (5.2) 418 (4.2) 540 (3.2) 591 (3.7) 621 (3.7) Hungary 505 (2.7) 360 (4.1) 389 (4.3) 443 (3.6) 566 (3.4) 618 (3.2) 647 (4.3) Iceland 494 (1.7) 336 (4.0) 371 (2.9) 429 (2.5) 562 (2.3) 616 (3.0) 645 (3.7) Ireland 510 (3.0) 356 (4.5) 390 (4.2) 447 (4.0) 576 (3.3) 630 (3.6) 660 (5.1) Italy 479 (2.0) 325 (3.3) 357 (2.9) 414 (2.7) 545 (2.5) 600 (2.7) 632 (2.8) Japan 532 (3.4) 357 (6.1) 397 (6.3) 466 (5.1) 603 (3.1) 655 (3.0) 685 (3.6) Korea 523 (3.3) 371 (7.8) 405 (5.8) 464 (4.0) 587 (3.8) 635 (4.7) 663 (6.0) Luxembourg 511 (1.6) 364 (5.2) 399 (4.3) 454 (2.4) 572 (2.6) 620 (3.4) 650 (4.4) Mexico 415 (2.6) 290 (3.6) 315 (3.7) 361 (2.9) 468 (2.9) 519 (3.2) 547 (3.8) Netherlands 534 (2.3) 376 (5.0) 408 (4.0) 469 (4.1) 602 (2.4) 651 (3.1) 679 (3.7) New Zealand 536 (2.6) 361 (6.9) 401 (4.5) 465 (3.9) 610 (2.9) 667 (3.5) 700 (4.8) Norway 493 (2.5) 343 (5.9) 377 (3.9) 429 (3.0) 557 (2.6) 613 (3.5) 643 (3.7) Poland 499 (2.3) 354 (3.9) 383 (3.0) 436 (2.8) 563 (3.2) 616 (3.4) 645 (3.3) Portugal 479 (2.9) 336 (5.5) 364 (4.5) 417 (3.9) 541 (2.8) 590 (2.8) 618 (3.8) Slovak Republic 490 (2.6) 336 (5.5) 369 (3.7) 427 (3.3) 555 (4.1) 610 (4.1) 639 (3.7) Spain 494 (2.4) 348 (3.6) 378 (3.9) 433 (3.1) 556 (3.0) 606 (2.8) 635 (3.0) Sweden 512 (2.3) 361 (4.4) 395 (3.3) 450 (3.1) 575 (2.9) 626 (2.9) 657 (3.7) Switzerland 531 (2.9) 379 (3.2) 644 (4.4) 672 (4.5) Turkey 425 (3.8) 301 (3.0) 326 (3.1) 367 (2.6) 476 (5.8) 540 (9.6) 575 (9.7) United Kingdom 519 (2.0) 344 (4.1) 382 (3.3) 446 (3.0) 594 (2.7) 655 (3.1) 688 (3.8) United States 499 (4.3) 328 (6.5) 361 (6.7) 423 (5.5) 576 (4.4) 635 (3.8) 667 (4.5) OECD total 497 (1.2) 330 (2.0) 362 (1.9) 423 (1.5) 571 (1.3) 629 (1.3) 662 (1.6) OECD average 506 (0.5) 352 (1.0) 386 (0.8) 443 (0.7) 572 (0.6) 624 (0.7) 654 (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan 393 384 (6.2) (2.8) 219 301 (10.8) (3.0) 261 317 (9.2) (2.7) 326 345 (7.2) (2.8) 463 416 (6.6) (3.7) 521 458 (6.4) (6.6) 557 487 (6.6) (7.5) Brazil 393 (2.8) 256 (4.3) 283 (3.3) 330 (2.6) 450 (4.5) 512 (6.0) 550 (5.2) Bulgaria 436 (6.1) 268 (7.7) 302 (7.0) 359 (6.5) 511 (7.7) 578 (8.0) 613 (8.3) Chile 440 (4.4) 296 (4.7) 325 (4.5) 375 (4.1) 502 (6.0) 562 (6.6) 597 (6.1) Colombia 391 (3.3) 252 (5.7) 283 (4.9) 335 (4.8) 447 (4.4) 497 (4.5) 529 (4.3) Croatia 497 (2.6) 355 (5.2) 386 (4.7) 437 (3.4) 556 (2.9) 608 (3.4) 637 (4.1) Estonia 537 (2.6) 398 (3.8) 429 (4.2) 482 (3.0) 593 (3.5) 643 (3.5) 670 (3.6) Hong Kong-China 547 (3.0) 384 (5.2) 423 (5.8) 489 (4.2) 611 (3.5) 658 (4.7) 685 (4.2) Indonesia 395 (5.7) 288 (4.3) 309 (3.6) 346 (4.2) 439 (7.9) 489 (11.4) 518 (11.6) Israel 462 (3.6) 284 (5.6) 320 (5.4) 383 (4.7) 541 (4.6) 605 (4.3) 640 (6.6) Jordan 422 (2.9) 280 (5.1) 312 (4.0) 362 (3.1) 482 (3.8) 535 (4.6) 567 (5.7) Kyrgyzstan 324 (2.8) 196 (4.0) 224 (3.3) 270 (3.2) 372 (3.3) 427 (4.5) 466 (6.5) Latvia 492 (3.0) 352 (5.2) 383 (4.5) 436 (3.8) 549 (3.5) 598 (3.6) 628 (3.0) Liechtenstein 540 (5.8) 407 (20.1) 437 (16.8) 480 (11.6) 596 (9.4) 642 (10.1) 679 (21.6) Lithuania 489 (2.9) 342 (3.7) 372 (3.3) 427 (3.5) 552 (3.7) 605 (4.4) 633 (5.5) Macao-China 504 (2.2) 370 (6.4) 398 (5.8) 448 (3.4) 561 (3.6) 609 (3.9) 636 (6.9) Montenegro 411 (1.2) 286 (2.8) 312 (2.2) 355 (2.3) 464 (2.1) 516 (3.1) 548 (3.9) Qatar 330 (1.1) 223 (2.9) 245 (1.8) 283 (1.9) 371 (2.0) 421 (2.8) 454 (3.3) Romania 418 (4.2) 291 (4.5) 314 (5.0) 361 (5.2) 473 (5.7) 526 (5.5) 556 (8.1) Russian Federation 481 (3.8) 336 (6.0) 367 (5.6) 420 (4.9) 542 (4.4) 598 (3.9) 629 (4.6) Serbia 436 (3.1) 297 (5.2) 326 (4.1) 376 (3.9) 495 (3.9) 546 (3.8) 577 (3.9) Slovenia 525 (1.2) 366 (3.3) 399 (3.1) 458 (2.9) 595 (1.9) 653 (2.9) 683 (3.9) Chinese Taipei 535 (3.5) 372 (4.7) 405 (4.6) 470 (5.3) 603 (3.3) 651 (2.6) 677 (3.5) Thailand 422 (2.1) 303 (4.3) 328 (3.2) 370 (2.6) 472 (3.3) 525 (4.0) 554 (4.8) Tunisia Uruguay Partners S.E. Canada OECD Mean 387 430 (2.9) (2.7) 257 276 (3.8) (7.1) 284 309 (3.3) (5.2) 331 366 (2.8) (3.9) 441 495 (4.2) (3.2) 496 551 (6.0) (3.7) 528 585 (6.9) (4.4) (3.4) 595 Click (5.0) 413 View The Agreement. Here To (3.5) 470 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 108 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / donnes 4 [Part 2/3 ] Table 4.2a Distribution of student performance on the science scale, by immigrant status Tableau 4.2a Répartition des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Second-generation students Percentiles of the science performance distribution 5th Mean score 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria 528 431 (5.7) (13.4) 361 285 (6.6) (15.7) 396 312 (7.1) (11.5) 461 352 (6.1) (13.1) 598 496 (7.4) (16.5) 656 572 (8.9) (20.5) 688 616 (9.3) (22.2) Belgium 443 (7.3) 292 (14.7) 327 (11.6) 376 (8.7) 507 (9.7) 563 (8.9) 599 (10.7) Canada OECD Mean 528 (4.8) 366 (8.4) 401 (8.5) 461 (7.7) 598 (5.8) 645 (6.7) 671 (7.9) c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 418 (11.0) 277 (23.0) 308 (14.3) 351 (14.0) 483 (16.2) 532 (15.3) 568 (18.1) Czech Republic Denmark Finland c c c c c c c c c c c c c c France 456 (10.4) 294 (11.9) 321 (14.1) 381 (12.9) 534 (12.1) 593 (14.1) 624 (16.9) Germany 439 (8.7) 276 (15.6) 308 (15.0) 368 (12.6) 508 (9.1) 569 (11.0) 603 (18.8) Greece c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Hungary c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Iceland c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Ireland c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Italy c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Japan c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Korea c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 445 (3.0) 303 (6.8) 332 (6.3) 382 (4.2) 507 (4.6) 569 (6.3) 604 (8.1) Luxembourg Mexico c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Netherlands 455 (11.2) 315 (13.0) 341 (15.7) 389 (15.9) 517 (14.0) 583 (16.1) 612 (14.1) New Zealand 508 (8.0) 319 (14.4) 368 (17.3) 424 (10.3) 597 (10.3) 651 (10.7) 685 (11.6) Norway c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Poland c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Portugal c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Slovak Republic c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Spain c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Sweden 464 (6.0) 321 (15.1) 349 (9.3) 400 (9.8) 529 (7.9) 578 (11.0) 614 (18.4) Switzerland 462 (4.8) 305 (6.1) 590 (6.7) 624 (7.8) c c c c c c c c c c c c c c United Kingdom 493 (8.9) 332 (20.3) 367 (15.8) 421 (12.9) 564 (11.8) 627 (17.4) 668 (22.5) United States 456 (6.7) 306 (12.6) 332 (9.8) 382 (9.6) 524 (10.5) 589 (9.6) 627 (14.4) OECD total 463 (3.5) 303 (8.8) 333 (5.7) 388 (5.0) 534 (3.6) 598 (5.1) 639 (6.3) OECD average 466 (2.2) 311 (3.8) 342 (3.3) 395 (2.9) 535 (2.9) 594 (3.3) 629 (4.1) Argentina Azerbaijan c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Brazil c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Bulgaria c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Chile c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Colombia c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Croatia 481 (6.3) 360 (7.5) 380 (8.9) 423 (9.1) 536 (9.7) 583 (9.2) 610 (14.3) Estonia 505 (4.6) 378 (11.2) 406 (8.5) 447 (6.1) 558 (8.3) 615 (9.8) 651 (10.8) Hong Kong-China 551 (3.6) 395 (7.3) 432 (7.8) 491 (6.2) 615 (4.4) 660 (6.6) 686 (6.4) c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Israel 445 (6.6) 268 (16.7) 309 (11.5) 370 (10.1) 518 (11.8) 588 (10.8) 620 (11.5) Jordan 445 (5.4) 308 (7.3) 336 (9.4) 387 (7.4) 505 (9.3) 555 (7.2) 584 (9.5) c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Latvia 489 (6.1) 357 (11.8) 383 (8.3) 427 (6.7) 547 (9.5) 602 (11.3) 632 (13.4) Liechtenstein 510 (13.7) 358 (22.9) 382 (29.8) 433 (24.1) 595 (33.2) 658 (15.8) 669 (17.6) c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 519 (1.4) 390 (5.4) 420 (3.5) 469 (3.0) 572 (2.4) 613 (2.4) 637 (3.3) Partners Turkey Indonesia Kyrgyzstan Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania (6.3) 530 Click(7.8) 338 View The Agreement. Here To (6.9) 391 c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 366 (2.3) 251 (6.0) 274 (4.5) 311 (3.0) 414 (3.0) 469 (5.9) 502 (7.9) a a a a a a a a a a a a a a Russian Federation 468 (6.7) 312 (17.7) 355 (15.2) 409 (9.9) 527 (10.2) 582 (13.6) 617 (21.7) Serbia 444 (6.1) 324 (20.7) 344 (13.9) 388 (9.1) 500 (11.4) 551 (13.5) 576 (19.9) Slovenia 468 (5.5) 328 (8.0) 356 (10.8) 402 (8.5) 531 (9.9) 591 (15.4) 620 (11.0) Chinese Taipei c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Thailand c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Tunisia Uruguay c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 109 4 I. Data / données [Part 3/3 ] Table 4.2a Distribution of student performance on the science scale, by immigrant status Tableau 4.2a Répartition des scores sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone First-generation students Percentiles of the science performance distribution 5th Mean score 10th 25th 75th 90th 95th S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Score S.E. Australia Austria 527 435 (5.7) (10.9) 343 265 (10.7) (25.1) 383 299 (9.4) (19.4) 448 359 (7.2) (16.5) 606 510 (7.9) (10.7) 664 577 (9.5) (11.0) 696 604 (10.1) (9.4) Belgium 430 (8.3) 273 (14.9) 304 (12.1) 360 (11.0) 500 (9.2) 558 (14.6) 597 (15.3) Canada OECD Mean 519 (5.2) 342 (13.8) 381 (11.2) 444 (8.6) 592 (7.1) 648 (7.1) 678 (8.7) c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 414 (8.0) 272 (25.5) 299 (18.3) 352 (11.5) 477 (12.6) 534 (20.7) 581 (31.5) Czech Republic Denmark Finland c c c c c c c c c c c c c c France 438 (10.1) 250 (33.2) 301 (21.8) 367 (19.5) 510 (15.1) 587 (17.8) 617 (25.0) Germany 455 (8.8) 292 (15.9) 320 (16.3) 378 (13.6) 531 (12.6) 590 (14.2) 622 (14.9) Greece 428 (10.3) 276 (28.7) 312 (14.7) 364 (12.9) 490 (15.4) 550 (14.3) 579 (17.1) Hungary c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Iceland c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Ireland 500 (14.6) 303 (27.8) 333 (24.4) 418 (19.1) 585 (15.8) 654 (16.0) 693 (20.1) Italy 418 (8.2) 255 (37.0) 300 (17.6) 353 (7.8) 489 (9.8) 544 (8.5) 576 (13.2) Japan c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Korea a a a a a a a a a a a a a a 445 (3.7) 283 (7.9) 310 (6.1) 367 (6.5) 521 (7.8) 587 (7.2) 627 (9.7) Luxembourg Mexico c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Netherlands 467 (10.2) 318 (15.2) 335 (14.0) 393 (15.7) 532 (12.5) 602 (17.0) 642 (28.1) New Zealand 526 (6.6) 315 (12.0) 364 (14.9) 439 (9.5) 619 (7.6) 680 (7.2) 708 (7.1) Norway 433 (11.2) 267 (19.0) 303 (15.4) 363 (13.7) 501 (17.3) 582 (25.1) 631 (39.7) Poland Portugal Slovak Republic c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 412 (11.1) 265 (33.2) 304 (18.2) 356 (15.0) 465 (18.5) 535 (19.7) 558 (16.5) c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Spain 428 (7.2) 268 (19.5) 303 (14.5) 359 (9.4) 496 (9.3) 564 (13.0) 596 (11.7) Sweden 434 (8.1) 287 (18.2) 312 (15.7) 365 (11.1) 497 (13.1) 567 (18.2) 617 (34.9) Switzerland 436 (6.9) 272 (11.4) 589 (11.8) 630 (10.1) c c c c c c c c c c c c c c United Kingdom 479 (14.7) 264 (40.8) 316 (33.1) 389 (25.1) 570 (17.7) 638 (14.7) 673 (20.3) United States 442 (7.9) 283 (10.7) 308 (9.5) 365 (10.6) 513 (12.8) 570 (16.3) 608 (14.4) OECD total 448 (3.0) 275 (6.6) 305 (4.8) 366 (4.9) 526 (5.9) 594 (4.5) 634 (6.7) OECD average 453 (2.1) 284 (5.2) 319 (3.8) 379 (3.0) 526 (2.8) 591 (3.4) 627 (4.5) Argentina Azerbaijan c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Brazil c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Bulgaria c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Chile c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Colombia c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 475 (5.6) 359 (10.9) 380 (5.4) 418 (5.3) 530 (10.7) 580 (9.2) 607 (12.5) Partners Turkey Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia (8.1) 509 Click(10.0) 302 View The Agreement. Here To (10.2) 357 c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 521 (4.9) 363 (10.4) 395 (10.3) 457 (6.6) 590 (5.5) 638 (7.2) 666 (6.7) c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Israel 468 (7.8) 286 (16.9) 323 (12.3) 385 (9.1) 553 (13.2) 617 (9.3) 654 (10.8) Jordan 451 (4.7) 324 (13.9) 352 (9.3) 403 (6.6) 502 (7.6) 545 (8.8) 573 (11.7) Kyrgyzstan c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Latvia c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 483 (11.1) 326 (27.3) 349 (18.1) 399 (19.5) 558 (25.5) 641 (31.0) 684 (30.1) Liechtenstein Lithuania c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Macao-China 500 (3.5) 374 (10.1) 402 (6.8) 445 (5.8) 553 (5.0) 603 (7.4) 630 (11.2) Montenegro 436 (6.6) 301 (17.8) 331 (12.4) 373 (10.8) 497 (11.0) 549 (14.0) 573 (16.4) Qatar 414 (3.1) 268 (7.0) 295 (4.9) 342 (4.3) 478 (6.6) 555 (5.2) 596 (7.7) c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Russian Federation 467 (7.8) 322 (13.9) 352 (11.3) 403 (13.7) 533 (9.6) 580 (11.2) 614 (16.5) Serbia Romania 444 (6.4) 328 (16.0) 350 (11.6) 393 (8.9) 495 (11.1) 536 (10.2) 564 (16.0) Slovenia c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Chinese Taipei c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Thailand c c c c c c c c c c c c c c Tunisia Uruguay c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c c 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 110 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/3 ] Table 4.2b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale, by immigrant status Tableau 4.2b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Native students - Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 2.6 2.0 3.0 1.6 3.0 3.0 0.4 4.8 1.9 6.3 2.5 4.8 3.0 6.3 3.1 2.3 2.4 15.6 1.3 2.9 4.2 3.0 4.8 4.9 3.6 2.4 1.7 12.5 4.1 5.8 5.7 4.0 (0.3) (0.4) (0.5) (0.2) (0.6) (0.6) (0.1) (0.6) (0.4) (0.8) (0.3) (0.5) (0.4) (0.4) (0.4) (0.5) (0.3) (1.1) (0.2) (0.4) (0.6) (0.4) (0.7) (0.6) (0.4) (0.4) (0.3) (0.8) (0.4) (0.9) (0.3) (0.1) 9.1 9.8 9.8 6.5 11.7 12.6 3.1 13.1 8.4 16.0 12.3 14.2 11.5 17.4 8.8 8.5 9.7 32.8 8.9 8.6 14.1 13.4 17.5 14.8 14.0 10.7 7.7 33.4 11.2 15.2 15.4 12.8 (0.5) (0.9) (0.6) (0.4) (0.8) (0.7) (0.4) (1.0) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) (0.8) (0.8) (0.6) (0.7) (0.8) (0.7) (0.9) (0.7) (0.5) (0.9) (0.6) (1.0) (0.9) (0.7) (0.6) (0.5) (1.3) (0.6) (1.0) (0.3) (0.1) 20.2 21.2 19.7 18.3 23.4 26.0 13.1 22.3 20.0 28.8 25.9 26.0 24.1 27.8 18.5 21.1 23.8 32.2 19.6 19.1 27.6 27.4 29.2 28.0 27.1 24.6 20.2 31.6 21.3 23.8 24.1 23.7 (0.6) (1.1) (0.8) (0.7) (1.2) (1.1) (0.6) (1.1) (1.2) (1.2) (1.1) (0.7) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) (1.0) (0.9) (1.0) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) (1.4) (0.8) (1.1) (0.4) (0.2) 28.3 30.0 28.9 29.5 28.0 30.4 29.4 28.4 29.4 30.5 31.2 28.9 30.2 28.0 27.5 32.0 33.9 15.7 27.7 27.0 29.5 29.7 29.9 28.3 31.3 30.9 30.7 15.3 26.4 24.7 25.8 28.4 (0.6) (1.1) (0.8) (0.8) (1.1) (1.1) (1.1) (1.1) (1.2) (0.9) (1.1) (0.9) (1.0) (0.6) (0.9) (1.2) (1.3) (0.7) (0.9) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (1.2) (1.0) (0.7) (1.0) (1.0) (1.1) (0.7) (0.9) (0.3) (0.2) 25.1 25.8 27.2 28.7 22.0 20.8 32.7 22.5 26.5 14.9 21.1 19.5 21.8 15.7 27.0 25.7 22.6 3.4 28.0 24.6 18.1 19.6 15.3 18.1 18.7 22.8 27.2 6.3 22.6 20.2 19.7 21.5 (0.6) (1.2) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (0.9) (1.1) (1.0) (0.9) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (0.6) (1.1) (0.9) (1.0) (0.4) (1.0) (0.8) (0.7) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (0.7) (1.0) (1.1) (1.2) (0.6) (1.0) (0.3) (0.2) 11.8 9.8 10.3 12.8 9.9 6.5 17.3 8.0 11.7 3.3 6.3 5.8 8.4 4.4 12.4 9.3 6.9 0.3 12.6 13.7 5.7 6.2 3.2 5.3 4.8 7.3 10.7 0.9 11.4 8.5 7.8 8.2 (0.5) (0.8) (0.5) (0.6) (0.9) (0.7) (0.7) (0.6) (0.7) (0.3) (0.6) (0.5) (0.6) (0.3) (0.6) (0.8) (0.5) (0.1) (0.9) (0.8) (0.4) (0.4) (0.4) (0.5) (0.4) (0.5) (0.9) (0.3) (0.6) (0.7) (0.2) (0.1) 2.7 1.3 1.1 2.6 1.9 0.7 4.0 0.9 2.2 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.4 2.6 1.1 0.6 0.0 1.8 4.1 0.6 0.7 0.1 0.6 0.4 1.2 1.7 0.0 3.0 1.7 1.4 1.4 (0.3) (0.2) (0.2) (0.3) (0.3) (0.2) (0.4) (0.2) (0.3) (0.1) (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.1) (0.3) (0.3) (0.2) a (0.3) (0.5) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.2) (0.3) a (0.3) (0.3) (0.1) (0.0) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 27.7 18.6 26.7 17.7 12.5 24.9 3.0 0.9 1.7 19.5 12.7 15.7 57.4 3.2 0.7 3.9 1.6 17.1 55.9 15.9 4.8 12.0 2.4 1.6 11.9 26.8 15.9 (2.4) (1.5) (1.0) (1.7) (1.1) (1.7) (0.4) (0.2) (0.3) (1.7) (1.2) (0.9) (1.5) (0.5) (0.6) (0.4) (0.5) (0.8) (0.9) (1.5) (0.7) (0.9) (0.4) (0.3) (0.8) (1.1) (1.2) 27.8 52.9 33.1 24.2 26.5 34.2 13.0 5.7 6.4 41.6 20.4 29.2 29.0 13.2 5.2 15.7 11.2 33.3 31.5 30.9 16.6 26.5 9.7 9.3 33.5 35.3 25.1 (1.4) (1.6) (1.0) (1.3) (1.6) (1.5) (0.7) (0.6) (0.7) (2.2) (1.0) (1.0) (1.1) (1.0) (2.3) (0.8) (1.1) (1.3) (1.0) (1.5) (1.2) (1.2) (0.7) (0.8) (1.0) (0.9) (1.2) 25.8 23.2 24.4 25.2 30.1 27.9 28.4 19.3 15.5 27.9 24.3 30.8 10.1 28.7 19.8 27.4 28.1 31.3 10.0 31.9 30.2 32.0 22.2 18.4 33.6 25.4 30.1 (1.3) (1.4) (0.9) (1.2) (1.2) (1.5) (1.0) (0.9) (1.1) (1.4) (1.2) (1.1) (0.8) (1.2) (4.4) (0.9) (2.1) (1.0) (0.7) (1.6) (1.0) (1.3) (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (1.0) (1.6) 14.0 5.0 11.7 19.3 20.3 10.9 31.7 34.2 28.9 9.6 22.3 18.2 2.9 33.7 31.2 30.2 33.1 14.6 2.3 16.6 28.7 22.0 27.9 27.5 16.6 10.5 20.2 (1.3) (0.9) (0.9) (1.2) (1.5) (1.1) (1.1) (1.1) (1.4) (2.0) (1.2) (0.9) (0.4) (1.0) (4.0) (0.9) (1.6) (0.7) (0.3) (1.2) (1.3) (1.3) (1.2) (0.8) (0.8) (1.0) (1.2) 4.2 0.4 3.5 10.5 8.6 2.0 18.4 27.7 30.5 1.4 14.6 5.4 0.7 17.0 30.6 17.7 20.7 3.5 0.2 4.2 15.3 6.7 23.7 28.3 4.1 2.0 7.1 (0.7) (0.2) (0.4) (1.1) (1.0) (0.4) (0.9) (1.1) (1.4) (0.5) (0.9) (0.7) (0.2) (1.0) (3.3) (0.9) (1.5) (0.4) (0.1) (0.8) (1.1) (0.6) (1.2) (1.0) (0.4) (0.5) (0.6) 0.5 0.0 0.5 2.6 1.8 0.2 4.9 10.8 14.9 0.0 4.8 0.6 0.0 3.9 9.7 4.6 5.0 0.3 0.0 0.5 3.8 0.8 11.7 13.2 0.4 0.1 1.3 (0.1) a (0.2) (0.5) (0.3) (0.1) (0.5) (0.8) (1.1) a (0.6) (0.2) a (0.4) (2.3) (0.6) (0.7) (0.1) a (0.1) (0.5) (0.2) (0.6) (0.8) (0.1) (0.1) (0.2) 0.0 a 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.6 1.5 2.2 a 0.9 0.0 a 0.3 2.8 0.4 0.3 0.0 a 0.0 0.5 0.0 2.4 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 a a (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) a (0.1) (0.3) (0.4) a (0.2) a a (0.1) (1.2) (0.2) (0.2) a a a (0.1) a (0.3) (0.2) a a (0.1) Click Here To View The Agreement. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 111 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/3 ] Table 4.2b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale, by immigrant status Tableau 4.2b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Second-generation students - Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 2.6 18.5 12.2 2.0 c 19.4 c 12.7 14.3 c c c c c c c 10.6 c 8.6 6.7 c c c c c 7.0 9.3 c 4.6 10.5 10.3 9.9 (0.6) (4.4) (3.0) (0.6) c (4.7) c (2.9) (2.9) c c c c c c c (1.4) c (3.3) (1.7) c c c c c (1.9) (1.2) c (1.5) (2.2) (1.2) (0.7) 10.2 26.8 25.4 9.5 c 28.4 c 22.4 25.8 c c c c c c c 26.8 c 24.2 14.1 c c c c c 21.5 22.0 c 15.9 24.6 22.4 21.3 (1.2) (6.0) (4.2) (1.3) c (4.6) c (2.7) (3.1) c c c c c c c (2.1) c (5.3) (2.5) c c c c c (3.1) (1.6) c (3.8) (2.8) (1.5) (0.9) 20.2 26.5 29.5 20.6 c 26.8 c 25.6 26.6 c c c c c c c 29.6 c 31.1 23.3 c c c c c 30.3 28.5 c 27.4 27.8 26.5 26.7 (1.5) (4.6) (2.7) (1.9) c (4.7) c (2.8) (2.7) c c c c c c c (1.9) c (4.1) (3.3) c c c c c (3.6) (1.8) c (3.7) (2.5) (1.4) (0.8) 28.0 16.0 22.2 26.9 c 18.9 c 22.1 21.3 c c c c c c c 21.1 c 22.2 18.9 c c c c c 26.9 23.8 c 25.5 21.6 22.3 22.5 (1.4) (3.7) (2.8) (1.7) c (4.0) c (2.9) (2.9) c c c c c c c (1.5) c (3.9) (2.9) c c c c c (3.8) (1.8) c (3.6) (2.4) (1.3) (0.8) 24.0 8.4 8.6 28.2 c 5.5 c 13.3 9.2 c c c c c c c 9.7 c 10.7 22.6 c c c c c 11.0 12.5 c 17.7 10.8 12.9 13.7 (1.3) (2.2) (1.7) (2.2) c (2.3) c (2.6) (1.8) c c c c c c c (1.4) c (2.3) (3.0) c c c c c (2.1) (1.6) c (2.9) (1.7) (0.9) (0.6) 12.0 3.6 2.2 11.1 c 0.5 c 3.5 2.5 c c c c c c c 2.0 c 2.9 12.5 c c c c c 3.0 3.3 c 6.3 4.2 4.8 5.0 (1.5) (1.6) (0.8) (1.6) c c c (1.7) (1.2) c c c c c c c (0.8) c (1.4) (2.2) c c c c c (1.5) (0.8) c (1.8) (1.1) (0.6) (0.4) 3.1 0.3 0.0 1.6 c 0.4 c 0.5 0.2 c c c c c c c 0.2 c 0.3 1.9 c c c c c 0.3 0.5 c 2.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 (0.8) c c (0.5) c c c (0.3) c c c c c c c c (0.2) c c (1.0) c c c c c c (0.3) c (1.2) (0.4) (0.2) (0.2) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay c c c c c c 2.2 1.3 1.1 c 15.8 9.6 c 2.3 2.2 c 0.9 c 36.9 a 7.4 7.4 6.2 c c c c c c c c c c (1.3) (0.7) (0.5) c (2.3) (1.5) c (0.9) c c c c c c 17.1 9.7 5.7 c 22.0 24.1 c 15.7 14.9 c 6.9 c 36.0 a 17.8 28.1 21.5 c c c c c c c c c c (3.4) (1.8) (0.9) c (2.8) (2.5) c (2.6) (7.4) c (0.6) c (1.6) a (3.6) (5.0) (2.8) c c c c c c c c c c 33.3 30.9 15.9 c 25.7 33.2 c 31.6 25.7 c 23.5 c 19.4 a 31.3 33.5 30.2 c c c c c c c c c c (3.5) (2.7) (1.8) c (2.9) (3.4) c (4.1) (7.2) c (1.0) c (1.4) a (4.1) (5.0) (2.7) c c c c c c c c c c 30.4 33.6 28.4 c 20.2 24.1 c 29.7 23.8 c 37.7 c 6.5 a 27.7 22.6 25.6 c c c c c c c c c c (3.9) (2.2) (1.6) c (2.1) (2.5) c (2.5) (7.9) c (1.4) c (0.9) a (4.8) (4.3) (2.4) c c c c c c c c c c 14.5 17.5 31.4 c 12.5 8.0 c 16.0 17.5 c 25.5 c 1.1 a 13.2 7.5 13.3 c c c c c c c c c c (2.6) (2.2) (1.7) c (1.8) (1.9) c (2.9) (5.7) c (1.0) c (0.4) a (3.4) (2.5) (2.2) c c c c c c c c c c 2.5 6.4 14.9 c 3.3 0.9 c 4.6 15.0 c 5.4 c 0.1 a 2.4 0.9 2.9 c c c c c c c c c c (1.4) (1.2) (1.4) c (1.0) (0.5) c (1.8) (5.4) c (0.5) c 0 a (1.6) 0 (1.1) c c c c c c c c c c 0.1 0.7 2.6 c 0.4 0.0 c 0.2 0.9 c 0.2 c c a 0.2 c 0.3 c c c c c c c c c c c (0.5) (0.7) c (0.4) c c c c c (0.1) c 0 a c 0 (0.4) c c c c c (0.3) c (1.4) a (2.1) (3.1) (1.4) c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 112 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 3/3 ] Table 4.2b Percentage of students at each proficiency level on the science scale, by immigrant status Tableau 4.2b Pourcentage d’élèves à chaque niveau de compétence sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone First-generation students - Proficiency levels Below Level 1 (below 334.94 score points) Level 1 (from 334.94 to 409.54 score points) Level 2 (from 409.54 to 484.14 score points) Level 3 (from 484.14 to 558.73 score points) Level 4 (from 558.73 to 633.33 score points) Level 5 (from 633.33 to 707.93 score points) Level 6 (above 707.93 score points) Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 4.1 18.5 17.4 4.2 c 18.5 c 17.9 13.1 15.5 c c 10.3 18.8 c a 15.7 c 10.0 7.1 17.1 c 17.4 c 17.3 14.4 17.7 c 12.2 16.5 16.7 14.2 (0.8) (4.8) (3.5) (1.1) c (4.1) c (3.8) (2.9) (3.3) c c (4.0) (3.3) c a (1.5) c (3.8) (1.5) (3.8) c (4.7) c (2.5) (3.4) (2.4) c (4.5) (3.0) (1.3) (0.7) 11.6 23.9 26.1 11.6 c 33.0 c 20.0 21.4 26.1 c c 12.6 29.1 c a 23.7 c 20.2 10.7 28.5 c 36.5 c 24.9 29.0 25.8 c 17.2 22.2 21.1 22.7 (1.4) (2.9) (3.0) (1.8) c (4.9) c (3.9) (3.2) (4.2) c c (3.0) (3.7) c a (2.3) c (4.3) (1.7) (4.5) c (5.0) c (3.0) (4.9) (1.9) c (4.3) (3.1) (1.3) (0.8) 18.9 23.9 25.8 20.2 c 26.2 c 28.9 26.0 31.3 c c 20.3 24.4 c a 26.0 c 28.1 19.6 24.7 c 25.0 c 28.8 27.7 25.2 c 21.5 26.8 24.5 25.0 (2.0) (3.3) (3.3) (1.9) c (4.7) c (4.4) (3.7) (4.1) c c (3.9) (3.6) c a (2.5) c (5.0) (1.8) (4.0) c (3.9) c (2.8) (4.4) (2.1) c (3.2) (3.4) (1.4) (0.8) 24.5 19.7 20.8 26.6 c 15.0 c 18.9 22.2 19.4 c c 23.1 20.6 c a 18.7 c 23.5 19.5 16.5 c 16.2 c 18.2 17.0 16.4 c 21.3 22.3 21.0 20.0 (1.8) (2.9) (3.0) (2.2) c (3.4) c (4.3) (3.4) (4.6) c c (3.5) (3.4) c a (1.8) c (4.1) (1.9) (3.9) c (3.9) c (2.4) (3.3) (1.8) c (3.6) (3.0) (1.4) (0.7) 23.6 11.7 8.0 23.9 c 5.1 c 10.9 13.9 6.2 c c 19.8 6.0 c a 11.5 c 12.8 22.4 8.2 c 3.5 c 9.1 8.0 10.4 c 16.8 8.9 11.7 12.0 (1.9) (2.0) (2.0) (2.1) c (1.9) c (3.3) (2.9) (2.5) c c (3.8) (1.6) c a (1.5) c (3.5) (2.1) (3.2) c (2.0) c (2.1) (2.8) (1.6) c (2.9) (2.2) (1.0) (0.6) 13.2 2.0 1.9 10.9 c 1.6 c 3.2 2.9 1.4 c c 11.1 0.9 c a 3.7 c 4.6 15.6 4.9 c 1.5 c 1.6 3.6 4.1 c 9.2 2.0 3.9 5.0 (1.8) (0.8) (0.7) (1.8) c (1.4) c (2.1) (1.3) (1.0) c c (3.0) (0.5) c a (0.8) c (1.9) (1.6) (2.3) c (1.3) c (1.0) (1.7) (1.1) c (2.6) (1.0) (0.4) (0.4) 4.0 0.2 0.0 2.6 c 0.6 c 0.2 0.5 0.0 c c 2.9 0.1 c a 0.7 c 0.8 5.0 a c a c 0.0 0.3 0.4 c 1.8 1.3 1.2 1.2 (1.0) (0.2) c (0.9) c c c c (0.6) c c c (2.2) c c a (0.4) c (0.7) (0.9) a c a c c c (0.5) c (1.5) (1.0) (0.4) (0.3) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay c c c c c c 1.9 c 2.3 c 12.6 6.3 c c 7.0 c 1.8 11.2 22.4 c 6.8 6.3 c c c c c c c c c c c (0.7) c (1.0) c (2.4) (1.6) c c (3.2) c (0.8) (2.7) (1.6) c (2.1) (2.5) c c c c c c c c c c c 19.1 c 10.0 c 19.3 22.0 c c 21.7 c 10.4 28.0 30.6 c 19.6 25.3 c c c c c c c c c c c (2.3) c (1.5) c (3.0) (2.9) c c (5.5) c (1.4) (4.2) (1.8) c (3.3) (4.1) c c c c c c c c c c c 35.9 c 22.2 c 24.9 38.5 c c 22.5 c 30.3 30.8 23.5 c 31.1 39.0 c c c c c c c c c c c (3.2) c (1.8) c (2.5) (3.0) c c (4.9) c (2.9) (4.3) (1.8) c (3.3) (3.1) c c c c c c c c c c c 27.5 c 29.1 c 19.7 26.4 c c 23.4 c 34.9 22.1 14.0 c 27.1 24.0 c c c c c c c c c c c (3.6) c (2.1) c (2.2) (2.7) c c (5.7) c (3.3) (3.3) (1.4) c (4.1) (4.0) c c c c c c c c c c c 13.2 c 25.5 c 16.0 6.6 c c 15.4 c 18.0 7.8 7.6 c 13.2 4.9 c c c c c c c c c c c (2.7) c (2.4) c (2.0) (1.6) c c (5.0) c (2.3) (2.7) (0.8) c (3.1) (1.9) c c c c c c c c c c c 2.2 c 10.0 c 6.2 0.3 c c 8.6 c 4.4 0.1 1.7 c 1.9 0.5 c c c c c c c c c c c (1.0) c (1.4) c (1.4) c c c (3.4) c (1.1) c (0.5) c (1.8) (0.5) c c c c c c c c c c c 0.2 c 1.0 c 1.3 0.0 c c 1.5 c 0.3 0.0 0.1 c 0.3 0.0 c c c c c c c c c c c c c (0.4) c (0.8) c c c (1.5) c (0.2) c (0.1) c c c c c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 113 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Percentage of students, performance on the science scale and difference in the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS), Table 4.2c by students’ immigrant background1 Tableau 4.2c Pourcentage d’élèves, score sur l’échelle de culture scientifique et variation de l’indice de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC), selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Native students (born in the country of assessment with at least one of their parents born in the same country) Second-generation students (born in the country of assessment but whose parents were born in another country) Performance on the science scale First-generation students (born in another country and whose parents were born in another country) Performance on the science scale Performance on the science scale Increased likelihood of first-generation students scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Partners OECD % of students Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay S.E. Mean score S.E. % of students S.E. Mean score S.E. % of students S.E. Mean score S.E. 78.1 86.8 86.7 78.9 98.1 92.4 98.5 87.0 85.8 92.4 98.3 98.2 94.4 96.2 99.6 100.0 63.9 97.6 88.7 78.7 93.9 99.8 94.1 99.5 93.1 89.2 77.6 98.5 91.4 84.8 90.9 90.7 (1.2) (1.2) (1.0) (1.2) (0.2) (0.8) (0.3) (1.0) (1.0) (0.7) (0.3) (0.2) (0.5) (0.3) (0.1) (0.0) (0.6) (0.3) (1.1) (1.0) (0.7) (0.1) (0.8) (0.1) (0.7) (0.9) (0.7) (0.4) (0.9) (1.2) (0.4) (0.1) 529 523 523 541 515 503 566 505 532 478 505 494 510 479 532 523 511 415 534 536 493 499 479 490 494 512 531 425 519 499 497 506 (2.0) (3.5) (2.4) (1.8) (3.5) (2.9) (2.0) (3.5) (3.2) (3.2) (2.7) (1.7) (3.0) (2.0) (3.4) (3.3) (1.6) (2.6) (2.3) (2.6) (2.5) (2.3) (2.9) (2.6) (2.4) (2.3) (2.9) (3.8) (2.0) (4.3) (1.2) (0.5) 12.8 5.3 7.0 11.2 0.7 4.2 0.2 9.6 7.7 1.2 0.4 0.4 1.1 0.7 0.1 0.0 19.5 0.6 7.8 6.9 3.0 0.1 2.4 0.3 0.8 6.2 11.8 0.8 5.0 9.4 5.1 4.6 (0.7) (0.7) (0.7) (0.7) (0.1) (0.6) c (0.9) (0.7) (0.2) c c (0.1) (0.1) c c (0.5) (0.1) (0.8) (0.6) (0.5) c (0.4) c (0.1) (0.6) (0.5) (0.3) (0.6) (0.9) (0.3) (0.1) 528 431 443 528 c 418 c 456 439 c c c c c c c 445 c 455 508 c c c c c 464 462 c 493 456 463 466 (5.7) (13.4) (7.3) (4.8) c (11.0) c (10.4) (8.7) c c c c c c c (3.0) c (11.2) (8.0) c c c c c (6.0) (4.8) c (8.9) (6.7) (3.5) (2.2) 9.0 7.9 6.3 9.9 1.2 3.4 1.3 3.4 6.6 6.4 1.3 1.4 4.5 3.1 0.3 a 16.6 1.9 3.5 14.3 3.1 0.1 3.5 0.1 6.1 4.7 10.6 0.6 3.7 5.8 3.9 4.8 (0.6) (0.7) (0.7) (0.7) (0.2) (0.4) (0.3) (0.3) (0.5) (0.7) (0.2) (0.2) (0.5) (0.3) c a (0.5) (0.3) (0.4) (0.7) (0.3) c (0.6) c (0.7) (0.6) (0.4) c (0.5) (0.5) (0.1) (0.1) 527 435 430 519 c 414 c 438 455 428 c c 500 418 c a 445 c 467 526 433 c 412 c 428 434 436 c 479 442 448 453 (5.7) (10.9) (8.3) (5.2) c (8.0) c (10.1) (8.8) (10.3) c c (14.6) (8.2) c a (3.7) c (10.2) (6.6) (11.2) c (11.1) c (7.2) (8.1) (6.9) c (14.7) (7.9) (3.0) (2.1) 1.1 2.4 2.4 1.4 c 2.5 c 1.8 2.1 1.9 c c 1.3 2.0 c a 2.1 c 2.0 1.3 2.1 c 2.3 c 2.1 2.4 2.7 c 1.6 1.7 1.7 2.0 (0.1) (0.2) (0.2) (0.1) c (0.2) c (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) c c (0.2) (0.2) c a (0.1) c (0.2) (0.1) (0.2) c (0.2) c (0.2) (0.2) (0.1) c (0.2) (0.2) (0.1) (0.0) 97.3 97.6 97.6 99.8 99.4 99.6 88.0 88.4 56.2 99.8 77.0 83.2 97.4 92.9 63.2 97.9 26.4 92.8 59.5 99.9 91.3 91.0 89.7 99.4 99.7 99.2 99.6 (0.3) (0.5) (0.2) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.7) (0.6) (1.4) (0.1) (1.2) (0.9) (0.4) (0.6) (2.7) (0.4) (0.6) (0.5) (0.5) (0.0) (0.5) (0.5) (0.5) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) 393 384 393 436 440 391 497 537 547 395 462 422 324 492 540 489 504 411 330 418 481 436 525 535 422 387 430 (6.2) (2.8) (2.8) (6.1) (4.4) (3.3) (2.6) (2.6) (3.0) (5.7) (3.6) (2.9) (2.8) (3.0) (5.8) (2.9) (2.2) (1.2) (1.1) (4.2) (3.8) (3.1) (1.2) (3.5) (2.1) (2.9) (2.7) 1.6 1.4 2.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 4.8 10.5 24.6 0.0 11.5 10.4 1.7 6.6 13.1 1.7 57.8 1.8 22.0 a 4.0 3.2 8.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.1 (0.2) (0.4) (0.2) c c c (0.4) (0.6) (0.8) c (0.6) (0.7) (0.3) (0.6) (1.8) (0.3) (0.7) (0.2) (0.6) a (0.3) (0.3) (0.4) (0.1) c c c c c c c c c 481 505 551 c 445 445 c 489 510 c 519 c 366 a 468 444 468 c c c c c c c c c c (6.3) (4.6) (3.6) c (6.6) (5.4) c (6.1) (13.7) c (1.4) c (2.3) a (6.7) (6.1) (5.5) c c c c 1.1 1.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.1 7.2 1.1 19.2 0.1 11.5 6.4 0.9 0.5 23.6 0.4 15.8 5.4 18.5 0.1 4.8 5.9 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.3 (0.2) (0.1) c c c c (0.6) (0.2) (1.1) c (1.1) (0.4) (0.2) c (2.4) c (0.5) (0.4) (0.5) c (0.5) (0.4) (0.2) c c c c c c c c c c 475 c 521 c 468 451 c c 483 c 500 436 414 c 467 444 c c c c c c c c c c c (5.6) c (4.9) c (7.8) (4.7) c c (11.1) c (3.5) (6.6) (3.1) c (7.8) (6.4) c c c c c c c c c c c 1.4 c 1.5 c 0.9 0.5 c c 2.3 c 1.3 0.7 0.4 c 1.2 0.8 c c c c c c c c c c c (0.1) c (0.1) c (0.1) (0.1) c c (0.5) c (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) c (0.2) (0.1) c c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 114 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Ratio S.E. I. Data / données 4 [Part 2/2 ] Percentage of students, performance on the science scale and difference in the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS), Table 4.2c by students’ immigrant background1 Tableau 4.2c Pourcentage d’élèves, score sur l’échelle de culture scientifique et variation de l’indice de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC), selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Difference in science performance between secondgeneration and native students Difference in science performance between firstgeneration and native students Difference in science performance between first- and second-generation students Difference in science performance between students with an immigrant background (first- and second-generation) and native students PISA 2006 PISA 2003 PISA 2000 Difference in the ESCS between students with an immigrant background (first- and second-generation) and native students Partners OECD Dif. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. -2 -92 -80 -12 c -85 c -48 -93 c c c c c c c -66 c -79 -28 c c c c c -48 -69 c -26 -43 -34 -55 c c c c c c -16 -32 4 c -17 24 c -3 -30 c 15 c 36 a -13 8 -57 c c c c (5.4) (13.7) (7.3) (4.9) c (10.8) c (10.9) (7.9) c c c c c c c (3.8) c (11.5) (8.1) c c c c c (5.5) (4.4) c (8.8) (6.9) (3.6) (2.2) c c c c c c (6.4) (4.8) (4.1) c (5.7) (5.3) c (6.2) (16.5) c (2.6) c (2.6) a (7.1) (6.2) (5.9) c c c c -3 -89 -93 -22 c -89 c -67 -77 -49 c c -10 -61 c a -67 c -68 -10 -60 c -67 c -66 -78 -95 c -41 -57 -48 -58 c c c c c c -22 c -26 c 6 29 c c -57 c -4 24 84 c -14 9 c c c c c (5.6) (11.1) (8.5) (5.3) c (7.9) c (10.7) (8.5) (10.4) c c (14.0) (8.3) c a (4.3) c (9.9) (6.8) (11.1) c (11.3) c (6.9) (7.7) (6.1) c (14.4) (8.0) (3.2) (2.1) c c c c c c (5.7) c (5.6) c (7.6) (5.3) c c (13.3) c (4.2) (6.8) (3.6) c (8.0) (6.3) c c c c c -1 4 -13 -9 c -3 c -19 16 c c c c c c a -1 c 11 18 c c c c c -31 -26 c -14 -14 -15 -6 c c c c c c -6 c -30 c 23 5 c c -27 c -19 c 48 a -1 0 c c c c c (4.5) (10.3) (8.7) (4.6) c (11.4) c (13.0) (9.7) c c c c c c a (4.6) c (11.4) (8.7) c c c c c (8.6) (6.4) c (15.2) (7.4) (3.8) (2.5) c c c c c c (8.3) c (5.2) c (8.4) (5.7) c c (18.2) c (3.9) c (3.8) a (9.4) (8.7) c c c c c -2 -90 -86 c -60 -87 c -53 -85 -44 c c -11 -58 c c -67 c -75 -16 -59 c -55 c -60 -61 -81 c -33 -48 -57 c c c c c c -19 -33 -9 c -6 26 c -3 -47 c 11 17 58 c -14 9 -56 c c c c (5.0) (11.1) (6.5) c (13.5) (7.7) c (9.2) (6.7) (9.6) c c (11.7) (7.8) c c (3.3) c (9.7) (6.0) (8.5) c (10.8) c (6.9) (5.1) (4.2) c (9.0) (6.4) (1.9) c c c c c c (4.4) (4.9) (4.1) c (5.4) (4.5) c (6.2) (11.7) c (2.6) (5.9) (2.4) c (6.0) (4.7) (5.5) c c c c -12 -76 -98 -18 c -73 c -64 -99 -45 c c -6 c c c -48 c -75 -26 -80 c -44 c -54 -79 -88 c m -34 (4.2) (5.8) (6.9) (4.6) c (9.6) c (8.8) (7.5) (7.2) c c (10.6) c c c (3.2) c (8.9) (6.2) (8.6) c (18.7) c (10.5) (9.3) (5.2) c m (7.2) (2.0) a a c c c c a a (3.5) c a a a (7.2) (19.1) a (8.2) a a c (4.6) a a a c (33.5) c -13 -98 -105 -22 c -82 c -66 -93 -66 c c c c c m m -61 m -27 -65 c -31 a c -58 -85 a m -39 (7.7) (9.2) (8.6) (3.3) c (10.6) c (8.0) (7.1) (17.4) c c c c c m m (9.2) m (6.9) (8.3) c (11.0) a c (6.6) (5.9) a m (15.3) (2.5) c a c c c c a a (4.6) c (11.0) a a (8.8) (18.9) a a a a c (10.0) a a a c a a -0.02 -0.60 -0.63 -0.06 c -0.90 c -0.58 -0.73 -0.48 c c 0.11 -0.45 c c -0.92 c -0.81 0.02 -0.55 c 0.05 c -0.29 -0.39 -0.51 c -0.22 -0.63 -0.27 -0.43 c c c c c c -0.36 -0.06 -0.63 c -0.25 0.35 c 0.10 -0.27 c -0.44 0.18 -0.05 c -0.05 -0.06 -0.61 c c c c (0.04) (0.09) (0.06) (0.04) c (0.07) c (0.07) (0.05) (0.06) c c (0.08) (0.05) c c (0.03) c (0.07) (0.04) (0.05) c (0.14) c (0.08) (0.06) (0.03) c (0.07) (0.08) (0.04) (0.02) c c c c c c (0.04) (0.05) (0.04) c (0.04) (0.06) c (0.06) (0.10) c (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) c (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. -57 a a c c c c a a -10 c a a a 1 -54 a -1 a a c -22 a a a c -19 c -61 c a c c c c a a -7 c 5 a a -16 -75 a a a a c 1 a a a c a a Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 115 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.2d Differences in student performance in reading, by immigrant status Tableau 4.2d Variation de la performance des élèves en compréhension de l’écrit selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Performance on the reading scale Native students Second-generation students Difference in reading performance First-generation students Second-generation students minus native students First-generation students minus native students First-generation students minus second-generation students Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Difference S.E. Difference S.E. Difference S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 514 499 515 532 486 500 549 495 510 464 483 489 520 473 498 557 504 417 515 526 491 509 477 468 465 514 515 448 499 m 488 498 (1.9) (3.4) (2.9) (2.2) (4.1) (2.9) (2.1) (4.4) (3.8) (4.1) (3.3) (2.0) (3.4) (2.4) (3.6) (3.8) (1.7) (3.0) (2.7) (3.0) (2.8) (2.8) (3.5) (3.0) (2.2) (3.6) (2.8) (4.2) (1.9) m (1.0) (0.6) 521 420 434 532 c 436 c 459 427 c c c c c c c 443 c 454 519 c c c c c 486 467 c 492 m 467 457 (4.9) (18.8) (9.1) (4.7) c (11.3) c (8.7) (10.8) c c c c c c c (3.3) c (11.3) (8.2) c c c c c (6.5) (4.6) c (10.3) m (3.7) (3.2) 514 451 413 512 c 422 c 449 440 427 c c 506 404 c a 435 c 449 507 427 c 408 c 410 446 430 c 455 m 443 448 (5.3) (12.6) (8.2) (5.5) c (8.6) c (12.6) (11.3) (9.9) c c (15.5) (9.4) c a (3.9) c (11.1) (6.3) (12.2) c (13.6) c (7.1) (8.7) (6.6) c (14.2) m (3.5) (2.3) 7 -79 -81 0 c -64 c -36 -83 c c c c c c c -61 c -61 -7 c c c c c -29 -48 c -7 m -22 -42 (4.6) (18.8) (8.8) (4.5) c (10.8) c (9.8) (10.1) c c c c c c c (3.9) c (11.8) (8.3) c c c c c (6.2) (4.1) c (10.2) m (3.8) (2.6) 1 -48 -101 -19 c -79 c -45 -70 -37 c c -14 -69 c a -69 c -65 -19 -63 c -69 c -55 -68 -85 c -44 m -46 -54 (5.2) (12.6) (8.1) (5.2) c (8.2) c (13.2) (10.3) (10.4) c c (15.3) (9.2) c a (4.4) c (10.5) (6.3) (12.3) c (14.2) c (7.0) (8.6) (5.6) c (13.9) m (3.3) (2.3) -7 31 -21 -20 c -14 c -9 12 c c c c c c a -7 c -5 -13 c c c c c -40 -37 c -37 m -24 -13 (4.1) (14.9) (11.8) (4.9) c (11.8) c (14.8) (13.7) c c c c c c a (4.9) c (13.7) (8.5) c c c c c (10.0) (6.3) c (13.4) m (4.1) (3.0) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 377 355 396 405 444 388 481 508 539 394 447 400 287 483 530 472 484 392 291 396 441 401 499 498 418 382 416 (7.3) (3.2) (3.8) (6.8) (5.1) (5.0) (2.9) (2.8) (2.8) (5.9) (4.4) (3.2) (3.3) (3.8) (5.7) (3.1) (2.4) (1.3) (1.5) (4.7) (4.5) (3.4) (1.1) (3.2) (2.6) (4.0) (3.5) c c c c c c 464 463 547 c 439 425 c 464 508 c 498 c 330 a 432 412 467 c c c c c c c c c c (5.9) (5.7) (3.2) c (8.3) (6.3) c (6.9) (12.4) c (1.6) c (3.1) a (7.3) (8.1) (4.5) c c c c c c c c c c 464 c 516 c 447 435 c c 463 c 492 413 391 c 438 413 c c c c c c c c c c c (5.1) c (4.5) c (8.6) (6.1) c c (10.8) c (3.2) (7.0) (3.4) c (8.0) (8.0) c c c c c c c c c c c -16 -45 8 c -7 25 c -19 -21 c 14 c 38 a -10 11 -31 c c c c c c c c c c (6.1) (5.5) (3.7) c (7.2) (6.2) c (7.0) (14.7) c (3.1) c (3.4) a (7.7) (8.1) (4.8) c c c c c c c c c c -16 -87 -23 c 1 35 c c -67 c 8 21 99 c -4 12 c c c c c c c c c c c (5.5) (14.9) (4.9) c (8.5) (6.2) c c (13.1) c (3.9) (7.1) (3.9) c (8.3) (7.7) c c c c c c c c c c c 0 -42 -31 c 8 9 c c -46 c -6 c 61 a 6 1 c c c c c c c c c c c (7.8) (13.7) (4.9) c (10.1) (7.4) c c (18.0) c (3.7) c (4.7) a (9.6) (9.8) c c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 116 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.2e Differences in student performance in mathematics, by immigrant status Tableau 4.2e Variation de la performance des élèves en mathématiques selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone Performance on the mathematics scale Native students Second-generation students Difference in mathematics performance First-generation students Second-generation students minus native students First-generation students minus native students First-generation students minus second-generation students Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Difference S.E. Difference S.E. Difference S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 519 515 535 531 512 519 550 504 519 463 492 509 504 465 523 549 509 411 539 524 495 497 470 493 485 510 547 425 499 481 489 503 (1.9) (3.6) (2.7) (1.8) (3.6) (2.5) (2.2) (3.3) (3.4) (3.0) (2.9) (1.8) (2.7) (2.2) (3.3) (3.7) (1.5) (2.7) (2.3) (2.5) (2.4) (2.4) (2.9) (2.8) (2.2) (2.4) (2.9) (4.9) (2.0) (4.1) (1.1) (0.5) 531 435 451 524 c 456 c 458 441 c c c c c c c 464 c 472 511 c c c c c 467 485 c 474 458 464 473 (5.5) (13.6) (10.0) (4.4) c (8.8) c (9.8) (8.4) c c c c c c c (2.7) c (9.8) (6.9) c c c c c (7.1) (4.8) c (7.9) (5.8) (3.1) (2.1) 530 450 423 524 c 439 c 442 454 418 c c 485 421 c a 454 c 481 530 437 c 411 c 426 446 459 c 474 444 451 457 (5.6) (8.7) (8.3) (5.4) c (7.6) c (12.2) (7.9) (8.1) c c (12.0) (7.5) c a (3.8) c (8.6) (5.3) (9.9) c (11.0) c (6.9) (7.2) (6.5) c (10.9) (7.4) (3.0) (1.9) 12 -81 -84 -8 c -63 c -47 -78 c c c c c c c -46 c -66 -13 c c c c c -42 -62 c -25 -23 -25 -45 (5.1) (13.8) (9.4) (4.5) c (8.4) c (10.3) (7.7) c c c c c c c (3.4) c (10.0) (6.9) c c c c c (6.7) (4.2) c (7.7) (6.0) (3.3) (2.1) 11 -65 -112 -7 c -80 c -62 -65 -45 c c -19 -44 c a -55 c -58 6 -58 c -59 c -59 -64 -88 c -25 -37 -38 -49 (5.3) (9.0) (8.5) (5.5) c (7.6) c (12.4) (7.5) (8.5) c c (11.8) (7.6) c a (4.2) c (8.3) (5.7) (9.8) c (11.4) c (6.8) (7.2) (5.8) c (10.7) (7.2) (3.0) (1.9) -1 16 -29 0 c -17 c -15 13 c c c c c c a -10 c 9 19 c c c c c -21 -26 c 0 -14 -13 -5 (4.0) (11.4) (11.2) (5.0) c (10.5) c (13.8) (9.0) c c c c c c a (4.5) c (9.7) (7.8) c c c c c (8.0) (6.0) c (11.5) (5.9) (3.2) (2.4) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 383 477 372 415 412 373 470 519 554 393 448 383 312 488 541 488 519 400 299 415 478 435 509 552 419 367 429 (6.3) (2.3) (3.0) (6.1) (4.6) (3.7) (2.5) (2.7) (3.1) (5.6) (4.2) (3.3) (3.2) (3.1) (6.1) (3.0) (2.5) (1.4) (1.4) (4.2) (4.1) (3.5) (1.1) (3.9) (2.3) (4.0) (2.7) c c c c c c 464 496 555 c 438 407 c 489 516 c 531 c 336 a 447 457 474 c c c c c c c c c c (6.3) (5.2) (3.9) c (7.5) (5.7) c (5.6) (13.2) c (1.7) c (2.7) a (7.2) (7.6) (5.3) c c c c c c c c c c 451 c 521 c 457 413 c c 489 c 520 420 380 c 464 447 c c c c c c c c c c c (4.9) c (4.8) c (7.5) (5.3) c c (10.9) c (3.4) (7.3) (2.9) c (7.9) (7.2) c c c c c c c c c c c -6 -23 1 c -10 24 c 1 -25 c 12 c 37 a -31 22 -36 c c c c c c c c c c (6.2) (4.9) (4.2) c (6.4) (5.5) c (5.8) (16.5) c (2.9) c (2.9) a (8.6) (7.3) (5.6) c c c c c c c c c c -19 c -32 c 9 30 c c -52 c 1 20 81 c -14 11 c c c c c c c c c c c (5.1) c (5.4) c (7.4) (5.6) c c (12.7) c (4.4) (7.4) (3.4) c (8.1) (6.9) c c c c c c c c c c c -13 c -34 c 19 6 c c -27 c -11 c 44 a 17 -11 c c c c c c c c c c c (8.2) c (5.2) c (8.7) (6.5) c c (17.7) c (3.9) c (4.2) a (9.4) (8.8) c c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 117 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 4.3a Percentage of students and performance on the science scale, by language spoken at home1 Tableau 4.3a Pourcentage d’élèves et score sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon la langue parlée en famille Language spoken at home most of the time is DIFFERENT from the language of assessment, from other official languages or from other national dialects Language spoken at home most of the time is the SAME as the language of assessment, other official languages or another national dialects Performance on the science scale Partners OECD Percentage of students S.E. Mean score Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 8.0 10.0 5.7 10.6 0.8 4.5 1.3 5.4 9.0 3.9 0.8 2.2 2.0 2.9 0.3 0.1 23.7 0.2 5.9 8.7 4.7 0.4 2.3 0.4 2.6 7.8 12.9 2.4 3.8 10.7 5.5 5.1 (0.7) (1.1) (0.5) (0.7) (0.2) (0.5) (0.2) (0.5) (0.7) (0.5) (0.2) (0.3) (0.3) (0.3) c c (0.6) (0.1) (0.7) (0.6) (0.5) c (0.4) c (0.3) (0.7) (0.6) (0.4) (0.6) (1.0) (0.3) (0.1) 511 429 425 517 c 415 c 457 441 398 c c c c c c 430 c 449 498 442 c c c c 444 438 c 464 434 444 448 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.5 2.2 0.3 4.7 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.5 2.7 1.5 11.4 2.9 1.2 0.5 12.2 0.1 3.9 2.4 4.1 0.6 9.5 0.5 5.6 0.6 1.6 4.7 1.4 c (0.7) (0.1) (0.9) c c c c (0.7) (0.3) (1.1) (0.3) (0.3) c (1.6) c (0.3) (0.2) (0.2) c (2.0) c (0.4) (0.1) (0.2) (0.5) (0.3) c c c 346 c c c c c c 457 c c c 434 c 480 403 398 c 427 c 450 c c 390 c S.E. S.E. Mean score S.E. (7.6) (13.4) (8.0) (5.4) c (8.7) c (9.0) (8.7) (11.1) c c c c c c (3.0) c (11.0) (8.2) (10.3) c c c c (5.9) (5.4) c (14.8) (6.4) (3.5) (3.0) 92.0 90.0 94.3 89.4 99.2 95.5 98.7 94.6 91.0 96.1 99.2 97.8 98.0 97.1 99.7 99.9 76.3 99.8 94.1 91.3 95.3 99.6 97.7 99.6 97.4 92.2 87.1 97.6 96.2 89.3 94.5 94.9 (0.7) (1.1) (0.5) (0.7) (0.2) (0.5) (0.2) (0.5) (0.7) (0.5) (0.2) (0.3) (0.3) (0.3) (0.1) (0.0) (0.6) (0.1) (0.7) (0.6) (0.5) (0.2) (0.4) (0.1) (0.3) (0.7) (0.6) (0.4) (0.6) (1.0) (0.3) (0.1) 530 523 522 540 515 502 565 500 532 477 505 494 511 485 534 523 514 410 531 538 492 498 477 489 491 511 528 425 519 498 496 506 (2.0) (3.4) (2.2) (1.8) (3.5) (3.0) (2.0) (3.4) (3.2) (3.1) (2.7) (1.7) (3.1) (2.0) (3.3) (3.4) (1.4) (2.7) (2.2) (2.4) (2.5) (2.3) (2.9) (2.6) (2.5) (2.2) (2.9) (3.9) (2.0) (4.3) (1.2) (0.5) c c c (9.1) c c c c c c (7.9) c c c (17.4) c (8.9) (8.2) (6.6) c (6.8) c (6.7) c c (8.7) c 99.5 97.8 99.7 95.3 99.8 99.5 99.6 99.5 97.3 98.5 88.6 97.1 98.8 99.5 87.8 99.9 96.1 97.6 95.9 99.4 90.5 99.5 94.4 99.4 98.4 95.3 98.6 (0.2) (0.7) (0.1) (0.9) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (0.1) (0.7) (0.3) (1.1) (0.3) (0.3) (0.1) (1.6) (0.0) (0.3) (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (2.0) (0.1) (0.4) (0.1) (0.2) (0.5) (0.3) 392 383 390 440 438 388 494 533 546 394 460 425 323 491 536 489 513 413 350 419 485 436 525 536 422 385 430 (6.1) (2.8) (2.8) (5.8) (4.5) (3.4) (2.4) (2.5) (2.4) (5.6) (3.7) (2.7) (2.9) (2.9) (4.7) (2.8) (1.1) (1.3) (1.0) (4.2) (3.4) (3.0) (1.1) (3.4) (2.1) (2.8) (2.7) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 118 Performance on the science scale Percentage of students Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 2/2 ] Table 4.3a Percentage of students and performance on the science scale, by language spoken at home1 Tableau 4.3a Pourcentage d’élèves et score sur l’échelle de culture scientifique selon la langue parlée en famille Increased likelihood of students who do not speak the language of assessment Effect size at home scoring in the (language spoken at home bottom quarter of the is different from the science performance language of assessment distribution minus the same language) Difference in science performance between students who do not speak the language of assessment at home and students who speak the language of assessment at home PISA 2006 PISA 2003 PISA 2000 Partners OECD Difference Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay S.E. Difference S.E. Difference S.E. Ratio S.E. Effect size S.E. -19 -94 -97 -23 c -87 c -43 -90 -79 c c c c c c -84 c -82 -40 -50 c c c c -67 -90 c -54 -64 -52 -59 (7.0) (13.6) (7.7) (5.1) c (8.2) c (9.3) (7.9) (10.6) c c c c c c (3.5) c (10.5) (7.8) (9.3) c c c c (5.6) (4.4) c (14.4) (6.8) (3.7) (2.6) -24 -74 -95 -35 c -36 c -78 -108 -57 -40 c c -65 c c -53 -67 -84 -45 -75 c c -157 -16 -79 -91 c m -52 -55 -63 (6.0) (7.5) (9.3) (5.0) c (13.9) c (11.8) (7.0) (10.4) (22.8) c c (19.4) c c (3.7) (25.2) (9.9) (7.1) (10.2) c c (41.1) (19.9) (10.6) (6.9) c m (6.9) (4.0) (3.9) -38 -95 -126 -36 c -83 -67 -75 -113 c m c c 18 c m m c m -66 -57 c c a -51 -69 -90 a m -68 -63 -57 (9.1) (10.5) (9.5) (4.4) c (11.3) (18.6) (10.2) (11.3) c m c c (27.0) c m m c m (9.8) (9.7) c c a (23.3) (9.4) (6.2) a m (13.7) (8.9) (4.2) 1.4 2.8 2.6 1.4 c 2.5 c 1.7 2.5 2.3 c c c c c c 3.3 c 2.4 1.8 1.9 c c c c 2.2 2.8 c 1.8 2.0 1.8 2.0 (0.10) (0.30) (0.19) (0.10) c (0.23) c (0.21) (0.19) (0.24) c c c c c c (0.21) c (0.26) (0.15) (0.18) c c c c (0.16) (0.13) c (0.24) (0.17) (0.08) (0.07) -0.19 -0.98 -1.00 -0.24 c -0.96 c -0.42 -0.95 -0.86 c c c c c c -0.95 c -0.86 -0.35 -0.50 c c c c -0.72 -0.94 c -0.49 -0.64 -0.51 -0.60 (0.09) (0.41) (0.39) (0.10) c (0.36) c (0.18) (0.37) (0.35) c c c c c c (0.36) c (0.34) (0.16) (0.22) c c c c (0.27) (0.38) c (0.22) (0.22) (0.19) (0.06) c c c -94 c c c c c c 4 c c c -102 c -33 c 48 c -58 c -75 c c 5 c c c c (9.2) c c c c c c (7.8) c c c (18.3) c (9.1) c (6.8) c (7.1) c (6.8) c c (7.7) c a a c a a a a a -60 -9 a a a -4 -52 a -55 a a a -60 a a a -36 13 c a a c a a a a a (8.4) (12.4) a a a (23.6) (14.2) a (14.9) a a a (10.3) a a a (14.5) (26.4) c c a c -97 c a a a -61 -16 a a a -162 -55 a a a a c -26 a a a -50 a a c a c (16.9) c a a a (8.9) (13.5) a a a (71.8) (20.1) a a a a c (11.0) a a a (23.2) a a c c c 2.5 c c c c c c 1.1 c c c 3.2 c 1.6 c 0.8 c 1.9 c 2.3 c c 1.0 c c c c (0.26) c c c c c c (0.13) c c c (0.59) c (0.23) c (0.12) c (0.20) c (0.18) c c (0.16) c c c c -1.00 c c c c c c -0.03 c c c -1.09 c -0.41 c 0.47 c -0.68 c -0.81 c c 0.05 c c c c (0.31) c c c c c c (0.06) c c c (0.47) c (0.18) c (0.23) c (0.24) c (0.28) c c (0.08) c Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 119 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.3b Performance of students on the reading and mathematics scales, by language spoken at home1 Tableau 4.3b Scores des élèves sur les échelles de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique selon la langue parlée en famille Language spoken at home most of the time is DIFFERENT from the language of assessment, from other official languages or from other national dialects Reading Mathematics OECD Mean score Partners Language spoken at home most of the time is THE SAME as the language of assessment, other official languages or another national dialect S.E. Mean score Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 495 436 491 504 c 422 c 444 423 392 c c c c c c 485 c 438 485 429 c 416 c c c 442 c 450 m 439 450 (7.1) (17.7) (7.5) (4.6) c (9.0) c (9.2) (9.7) (13.2) c c c c c c (1.6) c (12.3) (7.8) (9.4) c (17.3) c c c (5.3) c (12.8) m (4.3) (2.7) 523 442 515 522 c 440 c 441 438 408 c c c c c c 494 c 472 522 448 c 445 c c c 473 c 458 440 447 467 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay c c c 319 c c c c c c 428 c c c 420 c 493 c 300 c 377 c 454 c c 399 c c c c (10.7) c c c c c c (7.9) c c c (17.6) c (1.1) c (2.4) c (8.0) c (5.6) c c (9.8) c c c c 343 c c c c c c 445 c c c 448 c 526 c 344 c 444 c 459 c c 385 c Reading S.E. Mean score (7.7) (12.8) (6.7) (4.3) c (7.0) c (10.1) (8.4) (9.7) c c c c c c (1.3) c (10.3) (6.7) (7.5) c (15.3) c c c (5.5) c (9.8) (5.9) (2.3) (2.2) 516 500 512 534 487 501 548 493 511 463 484 489 521 484 500 557 511 414 512 529 491 508 475 475 464 515 515 448 499 m 489 498 c c c (8.9) c c c c c c (7.6) c c c (18.7) c (1.3) c (2.1) c (9.4) c (6.2) c c (10.2) c 376 351 393 414 443 385 478 503 539 409 449 404 281 481 524 472 523 404 321 397 447 401 498 510 430 380 416 120 Mathematics Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Reading Mathematics S.E. Mean score S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. (1.8) (3.4) (2.7) (2.2) (4.0) (3.0) (2.1) (4.2) (3.8) (4.0) (3.3) (1.9) (3.3) (2.4) (3.6) (3.8) (4.9) (2.7) (2.4) (2.7) (2.8) (2.7) (3.6) (3.4) (2.4) (3.3) (2.8) (4.3) (2.0) m (1.0) (0.6) 521 515 530 531 513 519 550 502 519 462 492 508 504 473 526 548 525 408 536 526 495 496 468 501 483 509 546 425 499 480 488 504 (2.0) (3.5) (2.6) (1.8) (3.6) (2.6) (2.2) (3.2) (3.3) (2.9) (2.9) (1.8) (2.7) (2.4) (3.3) (3.8) (4.7) (2.8) (2.2) (2.3) (2.4) (2.4) (3.0) (3.2) (2.5) (2.2) (2.9) (5.0) (2.0) (4.2) (1.2) (0.5) -10 -63 -114 -21 c -84 c -41 -93 -57 c c c c c a -79 c -76 -41 -57 c c c c -52 -81 c -43 m -42 -61 (6.8) (16.9) (9.2) (5.4) c (8.5) c (10.9) (8.9) (11.2) c c c c c a (3.7) c (12.9) (8.4) (11.0) c c c c (7.0) (4.1) c (15.5) m (3.8) (2.6) 11 -74 -103 -4 c -85 c -61 -85 -63 c c c c c a -63 c -67 -2 -53 c c c c -54 -84 c -34 -38 -38 -54 (7.3) (12.4) (10.2) (5.4) c (7.4) c (11.6) (7.2) (8.7) c c c c c a (3.4) c (11.0) (7.7) (9.7) c c c c (6.9) (4.4) c (11.1) (6.5) (3.5) (2.1) (7.2) (3.1) (3.8) (6.4) (5.2) (5.1) (2.9) (3.0) (2.4) (10.3) (4.5) (3.0) (3.4) (3.8) (4.5) (3.0) (12.6) (2.1) (1.6) (4.7) (3.9) (3.4) (1.0) (3.0) (3.7) (3.9) (3.5) 382 475 370 423 411 370 468 516 552 402 449 387 307 489 537 488 531 411 311 415 479 436 509 565 431 365 430 (6.3) (2.3) (3.0) (5.9) (4.7) (3.8) (2.4) (2.8) (2.7) (11.7) (4.1) (3.1) (3.3) (3.1) (4.5) (3.0) (16.4) (2.1) (1.5) (4.3) (3.7) (3.5) (1.1) (3.7) (3.7) (3.7) (2.6) c c c c a a c c -19 c -3 c c c -112 c 12 c 56 c c c -45 c c c c c c c c a a c c (8.6) c (8.8) c c c (19.7) c (3.0) c (5.5) c c c (5.6) c c c c c c c c a a c c -42 c 10 c c c -93 c 9 c 82 c c c -52 c c c c c c c c a a c c (10.3) c (7.2) c c c (20.3) c (2.9) c (4.6) c c c (6.6) c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Difference of performance between students with an immigrant background who speak a language at home that is different from the language of instruction and native students I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/1 ] Differences in science performance between students with an immigrant background (first- and second-generation) and native students Table 4.3c associated with students’ immigrant background and home language1 Tableau 4.3c Variation de la performance des élèves en sciences selon l’ascendance autochtone ou allochtone (1ère et 2e générations) et la langue parlée en famille Difference in science performance WITHOUT accounting for the economic, social and cultural status of students WITH accounting for the economic, social and cultural status of students Students with an immigrant Students with an immigrant background who speak a language background who speak a language at home that is different from at home that is different from Students with an immigrant the language of instruction minus Students with an immigrant the language of instruction minus background minus native students native students background minus native students native students Partners OECD Difference S.E. Difference S.E. Difference S.E. Difference S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -2.0 -90.1 -86.4 -16.9 c -86.9 c -53.1 -85.4 -44.3 c c -10.5 -58.4 c c -66.5 c -75.5 -15.9 -58.6 c -54.9 c -59.7 -60.8 -81.4 c -32.5 -48.3 -40.1 -54.4 (5.0) (11.1) (6.5) (4.5) c (7.7) c (9.2) (6.7) (9.6) c c (11.7) (7.8) c c (3.3) c (9.7) (6.0) (8.5) c (10.8) c (6.9) (5.1) (4.2) c (9.0) (6.4) (2.9) (1.8) -15.2 -96.4 -102.4 -20.7 c -95.7 c -58.8 -96.9 -78.9 c c c c c c -82.3 c -85.6 -38.6 -59.8 c c c c -67.6 -95.5 c -49.1 -62.2 -51.7 -69.1 (7.4) (13.2) (7.9) (5.8) c (8.8) c (10.9) (8.0) (11.0) c c c c c c (3.6) c (11.6) (8.7) (10.9) c c c c (6.1) (4.4) c (14.3) (6.9) (3.7) (2.3) -0.4 -60.9 -57.2 -12.8 c -48.9 c -18.1 -45.8 -25.1 c c -12.8 -46.9 c c -31.7 c -41.0 -16.7 -35.3 c -56.5 c -48.2 -43.4 -56.3 c -14.2 -16.8 -24.5 -34.4 (4.4) (8.4) (5.4) (4.1) c (7.6) c (7.6) (6.5) (8.6) c c (10.3) (8.1) c c (3.9) c (7.9) (4.5) (9.0) c (8.3) c (6.1) (4.5) (4.1) c (6.0) (6.1) (2.6) (1.5) 3.0 -36.8 -51.8 -10.1 c -33.3 c -18.2 -24.3 -10.4 c c c c c c 0.0 c -36.9 -7.4 -24.0 c c c c -32.0 -37.2 c -8.3 -9.5 -16.4 -21.1 (3.9) (9.4) (6.0) (4.9) c (9.3) c (8.4) (8.3) (11.5) c c c c c c (5.4) c (9.4) (4.7) (11.8) c c c c (7.6) (5.5) c (6.7) (7.0) (2.9) (2.0) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay c c c c c c -19.4 -32.8 -9.1 c -5.7 25.8 c -3.3 -47.2 c 11.0 16.7 58.0 c -13.6 8.6 -56.0 c c c c c c c c c c (4.4) (4.9) (4.1) c (5.4) (4.5) c (6.2) (11.7) c (2.6) (5.9) (2.4) c (6.0) (4.7) (5.5) c c c c c c c c a a c c -38.7 c 3.6 c c c -107.3 c 10.1 c 62.5 c c c -78.5 c c c c c c c c a a c c (11.2) c (7.6) c c c (20.1) c (2.6) c (4.4) c c c (7.1) c c c c c c c c c c -7.1 -30.2 8.4 c 9.0 15.1 c -6.0 -34.0 c 17.3 16.0 58.9 c -11.7 10.8 -29.0 c c c c c c c c c c (4.4) (4.8) (3.8) c (4.9) (4.1) c (5.8) (10.9) c (2.7) (5.8) (2.4) c (5.5) (4.0) (5.5) c c c c c c c c a a c c c c 1.4 c c c -23.8 c 34.7 c 58.2 c -1.1 c -10.4 c c c c c c c c a a c c c c (5.4) c c c (12.3) c (14.5) c (2.7) c (5.1) c (7.7) c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 121 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Characteristics of schools attended by native students and students with an immigrant background (scores standardised within each Table 4.3d country) Tableau 4.3d Caractéristiques des établissements fréquentés par des élèves autochtones et allochtones (scores normalisés pour chaque pays) Positive value indicates more favourable characteristics Negative value indicates more favourable characteristics Students with an immigrant background Native students Students with an immigrant background Mean index Partners Quality of educational resources Native students OECD PISA index of economic, social and cultural status S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 0.01 0.09 0.09 0.02 0.01 0.07 0.01 0.09 0.11 0.04 0.00 0.01 -0.01 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.01 0.10 -0.01 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.05 0.13 -0.01 0.02 0.11 0.02 0.04 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) (0.00) -0.02 -0.63 -0.60 -0.06 c -0.93 c -0.59 -0.67 -0.46 c c 0.12 -0.44 c c -0.53 c -0.81 0.02 -0.69 c 0.04 c -0.25 -0.44 -0.45 c -0.25 -0.59 -0.24 -0.41 (0.05) (0.10) (0.07) (0.05) c (0.07) c (0.09) (0.05) (0.06) c c (0.10) (0.05) c c (0.02) c (0.08) (0.05) (0.08) c (0.11) c (0.08) (0.08) (0.04) c (0.09) (0.09) (0.04) (0.02) -0.02 0.02 0.00 -0.01 0.00 0.02 0.00 w 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.00 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.04 0.01 0.02 -0.03 -0.02 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 -0.02 0.01 0.00 -0.01 -0.01 -0.02 0.00 (0.05) (0.08) (0.06) (0.05) (0.08) (0.07) (0.08) w (0.07) (0.09) (0.07) (0.01) (0.08) (0.05) (0.07) (0.08) (0.01) (0.05) (0.07) (0.07) (0.08) (0.07) (0.08) (0.06) (0.05) (0.08) (0.07) (0.09) (0.07) (0.09) (0.03) (0.01) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.01 -0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.01 0.30 0.00 0.07 -0.05 -0.01 -0.01 c 0.00 0.38 -0.01 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 (0.06) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) c (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) c c c c c c -0.36 -0.07 -0.38 c -0.22 0.26 c 0.10 c c -0.13 0.18 -0.03 c -0.05 -0.06 -0.63 c c c c c c c c c c (0.04) (0.06) (0.03) c (0.05) (0.05) c (0.06) c c (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) c (0.07) (0.06) (0.04) c c c c 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.01 0.01 0.00 -0.03 -0.05 0.00 -0.03 c 0.01 -0.10 0.00 -0.04 0.00 -0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 (0.06) (0.07) (0.04) (0.08) (0.09) (0.07) (0.07) (0.07) (0.09) (0.07) (0.08) (0.08) (0.06) (0.07) c (0.07) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.08) (0.05) (0.07) (0.01) (0.08) (0.06) (0.07) (0.05) Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Teacher shortage Native students Students with an immigrant background Native students Students with an immigrant background S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. 0.08 -0.11 0.03 0.04 c -0.23 c w -0.11 -0.27 c c 0.11 0.04 c c 0.07 c -0.18 0.12 0.24 c -0.25 c -0.04 0.15 -0.02 c 0.15 0.04 0.16 -0.01 (0.08) (0.15) (0.14) (0.11) c (0.13) c w (0.11) (0.09) c c (0.11) (0.07) c c (0.02) c (0.09) (0.07) (0.15) c (0.14) c (0.11) (0.13) (0.06) c (0.18) (0.13) (0.07) (0.03) -0.05 0.03 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 w 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.03 -0.06 -0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.00 0.04 -0.07 -0.01 0.00 (0.05) (0.06) (0.04) (0.04) (0.07) (0.07) (0.07) w (0.06) (0.07) (0.07) (0.01) (0.06) (0.04) (0.07) (0.06) (0.01) (0.06) (0.08) (0.07) (0.07) (0.06) (0.07) (0.08) (0.04) (0.08) (0.06) (0.08) (0.05) (0.09) (0.02) (0.01) 0.18 -0.17 -0.27 0.00 c -0.02 c w -0.08 -0.02 c c -0.07 -0.19 c c -0.01 c -0.25 0.22 0.14 c -0.18 c -0.41 -0.34 -0.13 c -0.41 0.42 0.06 -0.08 (0.15) (0.07) (0.10) (0.09) c (0.11) c w (0.10) (0.11) c c (0.12) (0.08) c c (0.02) c (0.13) (0.09) (0.09) c (0.17) c (0.06) (0.13) (0.06) c (0.12) (0.14) (0.05) (0.02) 0.02 -0.02 -0.06 0.04 -0.01 0.01 0.00 w -0.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 -0.01 -0.01 0.04 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 -0.02 0.00 0.01 0.00 -0.01 0.00 (0.05) (0.08) (0.06) (0.05) (0.07) (0.08) (0.08) w (0.06) (0.08) (0.07) (0.01) (0.08) (0.07) (0.07) (0.08) (0.01) (0.05) (0.07) (0.06) (0.06) (0.08) (0.08) (0.06) (0.06) (0.07) (0.06) (0.08) (0.06) (0.09) (0.03) (0.01) -0.08 0.10 0.41 -0.13 c -0.07 c w 0.41 -0.02 c c 0.03 0.00 c c -0.04 c 0.09 -0.14 -0.12 c -0.07 c -0.16 0.00 0.08 c -0.07 0.00 0.08 0.01 (0.08) (0.13) (0.09) (0.08) c (0.14) c w (0.08) (0.13) c c (0.10) (0.09) c c (0.02) c (0.10) (0.06) (0.13) c (0.14) c (0.08) (0.14) (0.06) c (0.14) (0.13) (0.06) (0.02) c c c c c c -0.09 0.04 -0.02 c 0.10 0.23 c 0.44 c c 0.04 -0.03 0.06 c 0.08 -0.01 -0.13 c c c c c c c c c c (0.11) (0.17) (0.08) c (0.11) (0.09) c (0.11) c c (0.01) (0.05) (0.02) c (0.08) (0.10) (0.03) c c c c 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 -0.07 -0.01 -0.01 c 0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.09 0.00 0.00 -0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 (0.10) (0.08) (0.06) (0.10) (0.10) (0.12) (0.07) (0.04) (0.07) (0.07) (0.07) (0.05) (0.07) (0.09) c (0.07) (0.02) (0.00) (0.02) (0.07) (0.06) (0.09) (0.01) (0.07) (0.08) (0.07) (0.05) c c c c c c 0.00 -0.01 -0.01 c -0.14 0.35 c 0.13 c c 0.00 0.09 0.13 c 0.02 0.21 0.02 c c c c c c c c c c (0.09) (0.13) (0.07) c (0.09) (0.11) c (0.06) c c (0.01) (0.04) (0.03) c (0.08) (0.09) (0.04) c c c c 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 -0.03 0.00 0.04 0.03 0.00 0.00 c 0.01 0.06 -0.01 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.01 -0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 (0.08) (0.08) (0.05) (0.08) (0.09) (0.10) (0.07) (0.06) (0.09) (0.06) (0.10) (0.08) (0.08) (0.08) c (0.08) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.09) (0.07) (0.07) (0.01) (0.08) (0.07) (0.08) (0.05) c c c c c c 0.03 -0.40 0.03 c -0.12 -0.16 c 0.03 c c -0.02 0.14 -0.06 c -0.02 -0.09 0.07 c c c c c c c c c c (0.08) (0.13) (0.10) c (0.11) (0.09) c (0.11) c c (0.01) (0.07) (0.01) c (0.06) (0.09) (0.05) c c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 122 Student/teacher ratio I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/2 ] Table 4.4a Relationship between student performance in science and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) Tableau 4.4a Relation entre la performance des élèves en sciences et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) Length of the projection of the gradient line Unadjusted mean score Mean score if the mean ESCS would be equal in all OECD countries Strength of the relationship between student performance and the ESCS Slope of the socio-economic gradient1 5th percentile of the ESCS 95th percentile of the ESCS Difference between 95th and 5th percentile of the ESCS Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Percentage of explained variance in student performance S.E. Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS S.E. Index S.E. Index S.E. Dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 527 511 510 534 513 496 563 495 516 473 504 491 508 475 531 522 486 410 525 530 487 498 474 488 488 503 512 424 515 489 491 500 (2.3) (3.9) (2.5) (2.0) (3.5) (3.1) (2.0) (3.4) (3.8) (3.2) (2.7) (1.6) (3.2) (2.0) (3.4) (3.4) (1.1) (2.7) (2.7) (2.7) (3.1) (2.3) (3.0) (2.6) (2.6) (2.4) (3.2) (3.8) (2.3) (4.2) (1.2) (0.5) 519 502 503 524 512 485 556 502 505 479 508 470 510 478 533 522 483 435 515 528 474 510 492 495 499 496 508 463 508 483 496 500 (1.7) (3.7) (2.2) (1.8) (3.2) (2.5) (1.8) (2.7) (3.1) (2.6) (2.2) (2.1) (2.5) (1.9) (3.1) (3.0) (1.1) (2.4) (2.4) (2.3) (2.8) (2.1) (2.3) (2.2) (1.9) (2.2) (2.6) (6.4) (1.9) (3.0) (0.9) (0.5) 11.3 15.4 19.4 8.2 15.6 14.1 8.3 21.2 19.0 15.0 21.4 6.7 12.7 10.0 7.4 8.1 21.7 16.8 16.7 16.4 8.3 14.5 16.6 19.2 13.9 10.6 15.7 16.5 13.9 17.9 20.2 14.4 (0.78) (2.02) (1.29) (0.68) (1.35) (1.43) (0.87) (1.77) (1.45) (1.72) (1.58) (0.80) (1.37) (0.94) (0.95) (1.49) (1.12) (1.72) (1.65) (1.11) (1.10) (1.13) (1.50) (1.96) (1.21) (0.97) (1.20) (2.96) (1.12) (1.63) (0.57) (0.26) 43 46 48 33 51 39 31 54 46 37 44 29 39 31 39 32 41 25 44 52 36 39 28 45 31 38 44 31 48 49 45 40 (1.5) (3.1) (1.9) (1.4) (2.6) (2.0) (1.6) (2.5) (2.1) (2.2) (1.8) (1.8) (2.2) (1.6) (2.7) (3.1) (1.2) (1.3) (2.2) (1.8) (2.5) (1.8) (1.4) (2.6) (1.3) (2.1) (1.8) (3.2) (1.9) (2.5) (0.6) (0.4) -1.08 -1.04 -1.29 -0.99 -1.14 -1.14 -1.04 -1.50 -1.16 -1.72 -1.53 -0.67 -1.38 -1.59 -1.08 -1.32 -1.96 -2.95 -1.23 -1.27 -0.73 -1.56 -2.46 -1.40 -1.93 -1.04 -1.37 -2.85 -1.12 -1.39 -2.00 -1.43 (0.02) (0.07) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.05) (0.02) (0.06) (0.06) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.07) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.03) (0.01) 1.39 1.63 1.58 1.60 1.30 1.72 1.48 1.30 1.82 1.45 1.50 2.11 1.43 1.67 1.13 1.30 1.72 1.21 1.60 1.40 1.62 1.31 1.70 1.48 1.56 1.47 1.54 0.77 1.50 1.59 1.47 1.50 (0.03) (0.05) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.06) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.04) (0.01) (0.04) (0.02) (0.06) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.07) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.04) (0.03) (0.08) (0.01) (0.04) (0.01) (0.01) 2.47 2.67 2.87 2.59 2.44 2.86 2.52 2.81 2.99 3.18 3.02 2.79 2.81 3.25 2.22 2.62 3.68 4.16 2.83 2.67 2.35 2.87 4.16 2.88 3.48 2.50 2.91 3.62 2.62 2.98 3.47 2.93 (0.03) (0.09) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.07) (0.06) (0.07) (0.05) (0.04) (0.05) (0.05) (0.02) (0.07) (0.03) (0.08) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.07) (0.04) (0.07) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.08) (0.03) (0.07) (0.03) (0.01) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 391 382 390 434 438 388 493 531 542 393 454 422 322 490 522 488 511 412 m 418 479 436 519 532 421 386 428 (6.1) (2.8) (2.8) (6.1) (4.3) (3.4) (2.4) (2.5) (2.5) (5.7) (3.7) (2.8) (2.9) (3.0) (4.1) (2.8) (1.1) (1.1) m (4.2) (3.7) (3.0) (1.1) (3.6) (2.1) (3.0) (2.7) 416 388 424 446 465 411 497 527 560 425 448 438 340 491 513 487 523 412 m 431 483 440 513 546 461 408 446 (4.7) (2.7) (3.6) (4.4) (3.3) (3.0) (2.3) (2.4) (2.9) (7.5) (3.5) (2.8) (2.8) (2.6) (4.3) (2.3) (1.8) (1.1) m (3.9) (3.2) (2.5) (1.2) (2.8) (3.3) (4.4) (2.5) 19.5 4.7 17.1 24.1 23.3 11.4 12.3 9.3 6.9 10.2 10.9 11.2 8.2 9.7 20.4 15.2 2.2 7.5 m 16.6 8.1 13.2 16.7 12.5 15.9 9.5 18.3 (2.33) (1.71) (1.92) (2.76) (1.92) (1.57) (1.21) (1.12) (1.26) (2.31) (1.10) (1.35) (1.42) (1.41) (4.42) (1.33) (0.49) (0.90) m (3.15) (1.23) (1.27) (1.11) (1.19) (2.00) (2.11) (1.23) 38 11 30 52 38 23 34 31 26 21 43 27 27 29 49 38 13 24 m 35 32 33 46 42 28 19 34 (2.4) (2.0) (1.9) (3.6) (1.8) (1.6) (1.9) (2.0) (2.3) (2.6) (2.7) (1.8) (2.6) (2.3) (5.5) (2.0) (1.5) (1.4) m (3.4) (2.6) (1.8) (1.6) (2.1) (1.6) (2.2) (1.4) -2.54 -2.06 -3.04 -1.77 -2.55 -2.95 -1.46 -1.11 -2.17 -3.11 -1.29 -2.57 -2.02 -1.40 -1.34 -1.37 -2.28 -1.44 m -1.89 -1.31 -1.56 -1.25 -1.60 -2.84 -3.26 -2.47 (0.06) (0.04) (0.02) (0.09) (0.08) (0.07) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.09) (0.02) (0.03) (0.08) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) m (0.06) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) 1.27 1.31 0.89 1.44 1.30 1.06 1.46 1.44 0.98 0.35 1.50 1.03 0.83 1.42 1.70 1.49 0.55 1.42 m 1.27 1.18 1.52 1.57 1.04 0.77 1.08 1.43 (0.07) (0.04) (0.04) (0.06) (0.07) (0.08) (0.04) (0.02) (0.08) (0.07) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.11) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) m (0.06) (0.01) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.07) (0.08) (0.04) 3.81 3.37 3.93 3.20 3.85 4.01 2.92 2.56 3.14 3.46 2.79 3.59 2.85 2.82 3.04 2.86 2.83 2.87 m 3.16 2.48 3.08 2.82 2.63 3.62 4.34 3.90 (0.08) (0.05) (0.05) (0.11) (0.10) (0.10) (0.05) (0.03) (0.09) (0.08) (0.07) (0.09) (0.04) (0.05) (0.12) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) m (0.09) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.05) (0.07) (0.08) (0.05) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Single-level bivariate regression of science performance on the ESCS, the slope is the regression coefficient for the ESCS. 2. Student-level regression of science performance on the ESCS and the squared term of the ESCS, the index of curvelinearity is the regression coefficient for the squared term. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 123 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Table 4.4a Relationship between student performance in science and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) Tableau 4.4a Relation entre la performance des élèves en sciences et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) ESCS mean Variability in the ESCS Index of skewness in Percentage of students that fall the distribution of within the lowest 15 per cent of the the ESCS international distribution on the ESCS Index of curvelinearity2 Partners OECD Mean index S.E. Standard deviation S.E. Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS squared S.E. Index S.E. Approximated by the percentage of students with a value on the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status smaller than -1 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 0.21 0.20 0.17 0.37 0.03 0.31 0.26 -0.09 0.29 -0.15 -0.09 0.77 -0.02 -0.07 -0.01 -0.01 0.09 -0.99 0.25 0.10 0.42 -0.30 -0.62 -0.15 -0.31 0.24 0.09 -1.28 0.19 0.14 -0.10 0.00 (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) (0.04) (0.01) (0.00) 0.78 0.83 0.91 0.81 0.76 0.89 0.79 0.86 0.93 0.97 0.92 0.87 0.86 0.98 0.70 0.81 1.10 1.31 0.89 0.83 0.76 0.87 1.28 0.91 1.07 0.79 0.89 1.10 0.81 0.91 1.04 0.91 (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) -1.23 -7.84 -2.01 -2.57 -3.37 -1.00 1.89 1.14 -3.60 -4.04 -3.28 -2.61 -1.05 -4.57 -11.25 2.51 -1.71 1.61 2.11 2.68 -4.10 0.60 0.80 -3.39 -2.44 -1.49 -2.30 5.72 -0.33 3.30 -0.86 -1.39 (1.38) (1.73) (0.97) (1.14) (1.96) (1.27) (1.56) (1.88) (1.17) (1.39) (1.25) (1.69) (1.34) (0.94) (2.49) (1.77) (0.93) (0.62) (1.65) (1.61) (1.65) (1.09) (0.78) (2.75) (0.99) (1.84) (1.24) (1.39) (1.62) (1.38) (0.40) (0.28) -0.22 0.09 -0.26 -0.29 0.03 -0.16 -0.17 -0.19 -0.09 0.04 0.12 -0.24 0.02 0.21 0.06 -0.14 -0.36 0.20 -0.12 -0.28 -0.32 -0.25 0.42 0.20 0.23 -0.33 -0.04 0.15 -0.13 -0.21 -0.10 -0.07 (0.03) (0.08) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.08) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) (0.12) (0.03) (0.09) (0.03) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.02) (0.01) 6.1 6.0 8.6 4.7 7.8 6.5 5.6 14.1 6.8 20.2 15.4 2.4 12.0 18.7 6.9 10.7 17.6 52.5 7.5 9.0 2.3 20.8 43.5 13.5 29.1 5.6 11.7 62.7 6.6 11.0 17.9 14.9 (0.3) (0.7) (0.5) (0.3) (0.5) (0.5) (0.4) (0.8) (0.6) (1.1) (1.0) (0.3) (0.7) (0.6) (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (1.4) (0.7) (0.4) (0.3) (0.9) (1.5) (0.9) (1.0) (0.4) (0.5) (1.6) (0.5) (0.9) (0.3) (0.1) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay -0.64 -0.45 -1.12 -0.21 -0.70 -1.00 -0.11 0.14 -0.67 -1.52 0.22 -0.57 -0.66 -0.02 0.19 0.04 -0.91 -0.02 m -0.37 -0.10 -0.14 0.13 -0.31 -1.43 -1.20 -0.51 (0.07) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.05) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) m (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.07) (0.03) 1.16 1.06 1.25 1.01 1.18 1.23 0.87 0.81 0.93 1.08 0.86 1.11 0.88 0.90 0.89 0.92 0.87 0.90 m 0.95 0.79 0.94 0.87 0.80 1.11 1.36 1.19 (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) m (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) 3.11 3.86 6.10 -1.55 4.30 4.03 0.01 5.04 -1.24 4.01 5.25 2.93 4.65 -1.99 -9.11 -2.32 -2.81 0.30 m 1.05 0.28 -1.21 -1.09 1.38 4.96 4.59 3.70 (1.65) (1.16) (1.33) (1.99) (1.12) (1.12) (1.16) (2.20) (1.50) (1.25) (1.84) (0.95) (1.54) (1.84) (4.43) (1.72) (1.10) (1.36) m (1.69) (2.32) (1.61) (1.71) (1.32) (1.15) (0.96) (0.98) -0.06 0.13 0.05 -0.05 0.15 0.04 0.23 0.02 0.18 0.29 -0.60 -0.46 0.00 0.03 -0.09 0.04 0.23 -0.82 m 0.08 0.20 -0.03 0.09 0.41 0.01 0.68 -0.05 (0.06) (0.05) (0.03) (0.08) (0.05) (0.05) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.07) (0.05) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.12) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) m (0.05) (0.04) (0.06) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) 37.9 33.7 52.9 21.1 42.3 49.9 13.5 7.3 37.6 68.6 8.3 34.0 35.0 14.7 9.2 14.6 48.6 14.4 m 24.1 12.6 16.9 8.7 20.3 69.4 56.9 34.7 (2.2) (1.2) (1.1) (1.4) (2.2) (2.0) (0.6) (0.7) (1.2) (2.1) (0.6) (1.2) (1.1) (0.8) (1.3) (0.6) (0.8) (0.5) m (1.3) (0.9) (0.9) (0.4) (1.1) (1.1) (2.3) (1.1) Click Here To View The Agreement. S.E. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Single-level bivariate regression of science performance on the ESCS, the slope is the regression coefficient for the ESCS. 2. Student-level regression of science performance on the ESCS and the squared term of the ESCS, the index of curvelinearity is the regression coefficient for the squared term. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 124 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/2 ] Decomposition of the gradient of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) into between-school and within-school Table 4.4b components1 Tableau 4.4b Décomposition du gradient de l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) en composantes inter- et intra-établissements Overall effect of ESCS2 Partners OECD Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 43 46 48 33 51 39 31 w 46 37 44 29 39 31 39 32 41 25 44 52 36 39 28 45 31 38 44 31 48 49 45 40 (1.5) (3.1) (1.9) (1.4) (2.6) (2.0) (1.6) w (2.1) (2.2) (1.8) (1.8) (2.2) (1.6) (2.7) (3.1) (1.2) (1.3) (2.2) (1.8) (2.5) (1.8) (1.4) (2.6) (1.3) (2.1) (1.8) (3.2) (1.9) (2.5) (0.6) (0.4) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 38 11 30 52 38 23 34 31 26 21 43 27 27 29 49 38 13 24 m 35 32 33 46 42 28 19 34 (2.4) (2.0) (1.9) (3.6) (1.8) (1.6) (1.9) (2.0) (2.3) (2.6) (2.7) (1.8) (2.6) (2.3) (5.5) (2.0) (1.5) (1.4) m (3.4) (2.6) (1.8) (1.6) (2.1) (1.6) (2.2) (1.4) Within-school effects of ESCS3 Student variability in the distribution of ESCS Student-level score point difference associated with one unit of the student-level ESCS S.E. Explained within-school variance S.E. 29 10 17 23 19 32 30 w 14 16 7 29 28 7 5 9 24 6 11 41 31 35 17 21 24 32 26 9 32 34 (1.4) (1.7) (1.2) (1.5) (1.6) (1.9) (1.6) w (1.5) (1.5) (1.3) (1.9) (2.0) (1.0) (2.2) (1.9) (1.4) (0.8) (1.3) (1.9) (2.0) (1.6) (1.2) (1.9) (1.3) (2.9) (1.5) (1.2) (2.0) (1.9) 4.9 1.1 3.9 4.1 3.2 10.1 7.2 w 2.8 3.2 0.6 6.7 6.1 0.9 0.2 0.7 8.2 1.0 1.9 9.7 5.8 11.1 6.1 4.6 7.2 7.1 7.2 1.9 6.6 8.2 (0.5) (0.4) (0.5) (0.5) (0.5) (1.0) (0.8) w (0.6) (0.6) (0.3) (0.8) (0.8) (0.2) (0.2) (0.3) (0.9) (0.2) (0.5) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) (0.8) (1.3) (0.7) (0.5) (0.7) (0.8) 25th percentile of the student distribution of ESCS 20 (0.5) 17.0 (0.9) 21 (0.3) 4.9 (0.1) -0.33 -0.37 -0.45 -0.17 -0.52 -0.31 -0.30 w -0.33 -0.86 -0.72 0.17 -0.61 -0.79 -0.54 -0.56 -0.58 -2.04 -0.35 -0.45 -0.10 -0.89 -1.65 -0.75 -1.13 -0.29 -0.51 -2.11 -0.36 -0.49 -0.73 -0.63 13 7 8 13 11 11 14 22 9 1 26 18 6 21 c 24 7 11 m 12 20 12 7 14 8 4 14 (1.7) (0.9) (1.2) (1.7) (1.4) (1.8) (1.4) (1.8) (1.7) (1.1) (2.3) (1.3) (1.4) (2.1) c (1.5) (1.6) (1.5) m (2.8) (1.8) (1.2) (1.4) (1.6) (1.3) (1.1) (1.4) 2.8 2.1 1.4 1.6 1.4 2.4 2.7 4.7 1.0 0.1 4.3 4.9 0.4 4.8 c 5.9 0.5 1.7 m 2.7 3.2 2.1 0.7 1.9 1.5 0.4 3.4 (0.7) (0.5) (0.5) (0.5) (0.4) (0.8) (0.5) (0.8) (0.4) (0.1) (0.8) (0.7) (0.2) (0.9) c (0.8) (0.2) (0.5) m (1.2) (0.6) (0.4) (0.3) (0.5) (0.4) (0.3) (0.6) -1.49 -1.23 -2.13 -0.92 -1.57 -1.95 -0.70 -0.49 -1.33 -2.37 -0.30 -1.30 -1.26 -0.74 -0.36 -0.71 -1.52 -0.66 m -0.97 -0.71 -0.80 -0.51 -0.87 -2.28 -2.28 -1.40 S.E. 75th percentile of the student distribution of ESCS (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) w (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.05) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) (0.01) 0.79 0.73 0.86 0.96 0.55 0.96 0.83 w 0.93 0.59 0.57 1.43 0.59 0.56 0.51 0.59 0.88 0.03 0.93 0.70 0.95 0.17 0.24 0.43 0.45 0.82 0.69 -0.55 0.76 0.80 0.65 0.64 (0.08) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.07) (0.07) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.06) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) m (0.04) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.06) (0.04) 0.23 0.39 -0.11 0.55 0.14 -0.11 0.46 0.79 -0.06 -0.72 0.80 0.30 -0.07 0.70 0.82 0.79 -0.33 0.65 m 0.25 0.53 0.50 0.80 0.22 -0.73 -0.20 0.35 Click Here To View The Agreement. S.E. Interquartile range of the distribution of the student-level ESCS S.E. (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) w (0.04) (0.05) (0.05) (0.01) (0.05) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.07) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.06) (0.05) (0.05) (0.03) (0.02) (0.07) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.01) 1.12 1.09 1.31 1.13 1.06 1.28 1.13 w 1.26 1.45 1.29 1.26 1.20 1.35 1.05 1.14 1.46 2.07 1.28 1.15 1.05 1.06 1.89 1.18 1.58 1.11 1.20 1.56 1.12 1.30 1.38 1.28 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) w (0.03) (0.04) (0.05) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.06) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.09) (0.06) (0.04) (0.08) (0.09) (0.07) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.09) (0.03) (0.04) (0.05) (0.04) (0.08) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) m (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.08) (0.12) (0.04) 1.72 1.62 2.02 1.47 1.71 1.83 1.16 1.28 1.27 1.64 1.11 1.61 1.19 1.43 1.18 1.49 1.19 1.31 m 1.22 1.24 1.30 1.31 1.09 1.56 2.08 1.76 (0.06) (0.05) (0.03) (0.07) (0.07) (0.07) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.07) (0.02) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.08) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) m (0.05) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.08) (0.09) (0.04) 1. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools as administrative units and this may affect the estimation of school-level effects. 2. Single-level bivariate regression of science performance on the ESCS, the slope is the regression coefficient for the ESCS. 3. Two-level regression of science performance on student ESCS and school mean ESCS: within-school slope for ESCS and explained variance at the student level by the model. 4. Two-level regression of science performance on student ESCS and school mean ESCS: between-school slope for ESCS and explained variance at the school level by the model. 5. Distribution of the school mean ESCS, percentiles calculated at student-level. 6. The index of inclusion is derived from the intra-class correlation for ESCS as 1-rho. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 125 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Decomposition of the gradient of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) into between-school and within-school Table 4.4b components1 Tableau 4.4b Décomposition du gradient de l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) en composantes inter- et intra-établissements Between-school effects of ESCS4 Partners OECD School-level score point difference associated with one unit on the school mean ESCS Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 56 110 102 44 120 41 10 w 114 66 85 -5 48 87 133 80 69 37 123 55 29 21 32 56 21 34 70 65 71 51 55 64 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 57 15 48 68 54 31 83 42 64 42 69 28 75 35 c 47 15 65 m 60 39 75 121 107 42 36 45 (2.3) (1.2) (1.5) (3.6) (1.8) (2.2) (2.1) (3.0) (2.3) (1.3) (3.3) (1.8) (2.3) (3.5) c (2.3) (5.6) (4.6) m (3.2) (3.8) (1.8) (2.6) (1.9) (1.5) (1.3) (1.8) School variability in the distribution of ESCS5 S.E. Explained betweenschool variance S.E. 25th percentile of the school mean distribution of ESCS S.E. 75th percentile of the school mean distribution of ESCS S.E. Interquartile range of the distribution of school mean distribution of ESCS (2.2) (2.7) (1.5) (2.3) (2.6) (4.3) (3.7) w (2.2) (1.9) (2.6) (7.0) (3.1) (1.3) (3.1) (2.4) (2.3) (0.9) (1.9) (3.7) (5.8) (3.4) (1.9) (3.9) (1.5) (7.6) (2.1) (1.6) (2.6) (2.6) (1.2) (0.6) 63.2 66.2 71.4 39.4 69.8 55.3 27.2 w 74.6 59.9 78.5 2.6 67.4 52.4 54.8 53.0 89.6 52.0 68.9 74.4 37.6 48.0 52.8 57.1 49.2 52.6 45.2 59.7 62.7 65.0 65.8 57.2 (2.1) (1.6) (1.1) (1.7) (1.3) (5.9) (9.9) w (1.7) (2.2) (1.7) (5.4) (3.9) (1.0) (1.1) (2.3) (1.6) (1.0) (1.3) (5.3) (7.0) (5.7) (2.7) (4.4) (1.9) (8.5) (1.9) (1.5) (3.7) (2.2) (0.9) (0.7) -0.09 -0.11 -0.17 0.08 -0.22 0.06 0.07 w -0.11 -0.52 -0.46 0.51 -0.25 -0.45 -0.30 -0.32 -0.29 -1.69 -0.04 -0.16 0.24 -0.62 -1.18 -0.47 -0.71 -0.01 -0.21 -1.69 -0.09 -0.19 -0.43 -0.33 (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) w (0.04) (0.05) (0.08) (0.00) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.00) (0.10) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.10) (0.05) (0.05) (0.01) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.08) (0.02) (0.01) 0.49 0.52 0.55 0.60 0.20 0.50 0.44 w 0.64 0.17 0.35 1.05 0.21 0.28 0.22 0.27 0.56 -0.43 0.59 0.37 0.57 -0.03 -0.15 0.12 0.03 0.44 0.37 -0.91 0.45 0.43 0.36 0.30 (0.01) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.05) (0.02) w (0.04) (0.04) (0.09) (0.00) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.00) (0.07) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.05) (0.11) (0.08) (0.06) (0.03) (0.03) (0.07) (0.01) (0.05) (0.02) (0.01) 0.57 0.64 0.73 0.52 0.42 0.44 0.36 w 0.75 0.69 0.81 0.54 0.46 0.73 0.52 0.58 0.85 1.25 0.63 0.54 0.33 0.59 1.03 0.59 0.73 0.44 0.58 0.78 0.54 0.63 0.79 0.63 59.0 13.9 58.3 68.3 73.3 55.9 60.3 40.4 39.8 41.1 45.2 39.5 56.7 46.1 c 58.7 11.3 59.7 m 55.7 34.1 66.6 71.3 57.7 70.4 39.1 60.4 (2.6) (1.1) (1.7) (3.1) (2.5) (2.5) (1.8) (3.3) (2.3) (1.4) (2.8) (3.9) (2.2) (4.8) c (2.5) (3.7) (5.0) m (2.2) (4.8) (2.1) (1.3) (1.2) (2.8) (2.4) (1.7) -1.23 -0.89 -1.67 -0.65 -1.31 -1.49 -0.43 -0.11 -1.02 -2.02 -0.12 -0.93 -0.99 -0.34 c -0.32 -1.20 -0.38 m -0.70 -0.36 -0.51 -0.20 -0.61 -2.00 -1.89 -1.06 (0.12) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.04) (0.06) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.05) (0.03) (0.05) (0.02) (0.02) c (0.04) (0.00) (0.00) m (0.06) (0.05) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.03) (0.09) (0.08) -0.04 -0.02 -0.68 0.23 -0.12 -0.59 0.13 0.38 -0.43 -1.12 0.54 -0.33 -0.40 0.24 c 0.33 -0.73 0.23 m -0.10 0.14 0.17 0.51 -0.02 -1.04 -0.67 -0.07 (0.13) (0.09) (0.12) (0.11) (0.09) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.08) (0.16) (0.04) (0.08) (0.06) (0.06) c (0.03) (0.11) (0.00) m (0.05) (0.05) (0.07) (0.01) (0.03) (0.08) (0.07) (0.06) 1.19 0.86 0.98 0.88 1.18 0.90 0.56 0.49 0.60 0.89 0.65 0.60 0.59 0.58 c 0.65 0.48 0.60 m 0.60 0.50 0.68 0.71 0.60 0.96 1.22 0.99 Click Here To View The Agreement. Index of inclusion6 Proportion of ESCS variance within schools S.E. (0.02) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.05) (0.03) w (0.05) (0.06) (0.11) (0.00) (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.00) (0.11) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.07) (0.14) (0.09) (0.07) (0.03) (0.04) (0.08) (0.04) (0.08) (0.03) (0.01) 0.77 0.71 0.73 0.81 0.73 0.87 0.91 w 0.75 0.66 0.54 0.85 0.79 0.76 0.76 0.74 0.77 0.60 0.78 0.82 0.88 0.76 0.69 0.63 0.76 0.87 0.82 0.69 0.83 0.74 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) w (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) 0.76 (0.00) (0.15) (0.10) (0.12) (0.12) (0.08) (0.07) (0.04) (0.05) (0.09) (0.16) (0.05) (0.09) (0.07) (0.06) c (0.05) (0.11) (0.00) m (0.08) (0.06) (0.07) (0.01) (0.04) (0.08) (0.09) (0.09) 0.61 0.63 0.61 0.49 0.47 0.60 0.78 0.81 0.76 0.67 0.76 0.75 0.74 0.80 c 0.73 0.67 0.80 m 0.66 0.76 0.74 0.74 0.77 0.50 0.64 0.62 (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) c (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) m (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) S.E. 1. In some countries, sub-units within schools were sampled instead of schools as administrative units and this may affect the estimation of school-level effects. 2. Single-level bivariate regression of science performance on the ESCS, the slope is the regression coefficient for the ESCS. 3. Two-level regression of science performance on student ESCS and school mean ESCS: within-school slope for ESCS and explained variance at the student level by the model. 4. Two-level regression of science performance on student ESCS and school mean ESCS: between-school slope for ESCS and explained variance at the school level by the model. 5. Distribution of the school mean ESCS, percentiles calculated at student-level. 6. The index of inclusion is derived from the intra-class correlation for ESCS as 1-rho. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 126 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/2 ] Relationship between student performance in science and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for PISA 2000, Table 4.4c PISA 2003 and PISA 2006 Tableau 4.4c Relation entre la performance des élèves en sciences et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) pour les cycles PISA 2000, PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Slope of ESCS for science,1 PISA 2006 Partners OECD Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 43 46 48 33 51 39 31 54 46 37 44 29 39 31 39 32 41 25 44 52 36 39 28 45 31 38 44 31 48 49 40 (1.5) (3.1) (1.9) (1.4) (2.6) (2.0) (1.6) (2.5) (2.1) (2.2) (1.8) (1.8) (2.2) (1.6) (2.7) (3.1) (1.2) (1.3) (2.2) (1.8) (2.5) (1.8) (1.4) (2.6) (1.3) (2.1) (1.8) (3.2) (1.9) (2.5) (0.4) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 38 11 30 52 38 23 34 31 26 21 43 27 27 29 49 38 13 24 m 35 32 33 46 42 28 19 34 (2.4) (2.0) (1.9) (3.6) (1.8) (1.6) (1.9) (2.0) (2.3) (2.6) (2.7) (1.8) (2.6) (2.3) (5.5) (2.0) (1.5) (1.4) m (3.4) (2.6) (1.8) (1.6) (2.1) (1.6) (2.2) (1.4) Strength of the relationship between science in PISA 2006 and the ESCS Percentage of explained variance in student performance Slope of ESCS for science,1 PISA 2003 Slope of ESCS for science,1 PISA 2000 Strength of the relationship between science in PISA 2000 and the ESCS Percentage of explained variance in student performance Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS S.E. S.E. Percentage of explained variance in student performance 11.3 15.4 19.4 8.2 15.6 14.1 8.3 21.2 19.0 15.0 21.4 6.7 12.7 10.0 7.4 8.1 21.7 16.8 16.7 16.4 8.3 14.5 16.6 19.2 13.9 10.6 15.7 16.5 13.9 17.9 14.4 (0.78) (2.02) (1.29) (0.68) (1.35) (1.43) (0.87) (1.77) (1.45) (1.72) (1.58) (0.80) (1.37) (0.94) (0.95) (1.49) (1.12) (1.72) (1.65) (1.11) (1.10) (1.13) (1.50) (1.96) (1.21) (0.97) (1.20) (2.96) (1.12) (1.63) (0.26) 47 49 55 40 50 47 34 54 54 36 51 31 44 40 48 39 40 28 47 46 47 52 29 58 36 46 56 41 m 48 45 (2.1) (2.2) (1.8) (1.6) (2.2) (2.3) (1.7) (2.8) (1.7) (2.0) (2.4) (2.1) (2.1) (2.2) (4.5) (3.3) (1.6) (1.9) (2.4) (1.7) (2.3) (2.1) (1.6) (3.6) (2.0) (2.4) (2.5) (4.4) m (1.7) (0.5) 14.6 18.7 24.5 11.4 16.4 16.3 9.9 20.9 25.9 13.0 21.4 6.8 17.8 14.1 10.6 10.9 17.7 15.1 17.3 16.8 12.9 17.5 15.1 21.8 13.3 14.2 19.4 22.2 m 18.5 16.4 (1.15) (1.48) (1.32) (0.82) (1.38) (1.40) (0.97) (1.97) (1.51) (1.48) (1.75) (0.95) (1.62) (1.32) (1.67) (1.75) (1.27) (1.82) (1.62) (1.13) (1.21) (1.29) (1.55) (2.29) (1.38) (1.36) (1.54) (3.76) m (1.33) (0.30) 42 42 53 33 56 46 26 47 54 30 60 22 34 30 m 27 m 26 m 44 38 42 33 a 35 33 52 a m 46 40 (2.6) (2.7) (2.7) (1.5) (2.7) (2.6) (2.3) (2.5) (2.6) (2.8) (3.6) (2.4) (2.3) (2.4) m (2.8) m (2.2) m (2.5) (2.2) (3.5) (2.2) a (2.1) (2.3) (2.3) a m (3.6) (0.5) 14.3 15.3 20.0 10.6 20.9 16.6 7.3 18.5 23.4 10.5 23.3 5.7 12.8 9.3 m 8.4 m 16.2 m 16.2 13.1 14.1 15.6 a 15.3 9.3 23.0 a m 21.2 15.1 (1.75) (1.70) (1.51) (0.88) (1.83) (1.80) (1.24) (1.90) (2.19) (1.93) (2.44) (1.19) (1.62) (1.34) m (1.70) m (2.67) m (1.60) (1.44) (2.11) (2.23) a (1.71) (1.20) (1.92) a m (2.93) (0.38) 19.5 4.7 17.1 24.1 23.3 11.4 12.3 9.3 6.9 10.2 10.9 11.2 8.2 9.7 20.4 15.2 2.2 7.5 m 16.6 8.1 13.2 16.7 12.5 15.9 9.5 18.3 (2.33) (1.71) (1.92) (2.76) (1.92) (1.57) (1.21) (1.12) (1.26) (2.31) (1.10) (1.35) (1.42) (1.41) (4.42) (1.33) (0.49) (0.90) m (3.15) (1.23) (1.27) (1.11) (1.19) (2.00) (2.11) (1.23) a a 30 a a a a a 30 19 a a a 38 61 a 10 a m a 40 a a a 28 19 37 a a (2.6) a a a a a (2.5) (2.2) a a a (3.0) (6.7) a (3.1) a m a (2.3) a a a (2.2) (2.5) (2.3) a a 11.6 a a a a a 6.7 8.0 a a a 9.5 23.0 a 0.9 a m a 9.0 a a a 12.8 7.2 12.7 a a (1.84) a a a a a (1.20) (1.62) a a a (1.53) (4.47) a (0.59) a m a (1.01) a a a (1.85) (1.83) (1.47) a a 28 a a a a a 32 18 a a a 36 43 a a a m a 38 a a a 22 a a a a (2.9) a a a a a (3.0) (3.5) a a a (4.7) (7.6) a a a m a (3.3) a a a (2.7) a a a a 12.2 a a a a a 9.4 5.6 a a a 8.9 19.2 a a a m a 8.0 a a a 7.0 a a a a (2.29) a a a a a (1.93) (1.97) a a a (2.17) (6.74) a a a m a (1.29) a a a (1.70) a a S.E. Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS Strength of the relationship between science in PISA 2003 and the ESCS S.E. S.E. Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). Differences are later cycle minus the earlier cycle. 1. Single-level bivariate regression of science performance on the ESCS, the slope is the regression coefficient for the ESCS. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 127 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Relationship between student performance in science and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for PISA 2000, Table 4.4c PISA 2003 and PISA 2006 Tableau 4.4c Relation entre la performance des élèves en sciences et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) pour les cycles PISA 2000, PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Difference in ESCS slope between 2006 and 2000 Difference in ESCS slope between 2006 and 2003 Difference in ESCS slope between 2003 and 2000 Difference in ESCS percent explained between 2006 and 2000 Difference in ESCS percent explained between 2006 and 2003 Difference in ESCS percent explained between 2003 and 2000 Partners OECD Dif. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. 1.5 4.3 -5.7 0.3 -4.9 -6.7 5.4 6.4 -7.6 7.0 -16.0 6.5 4.7 0.6 m 4.3 m -1.3 m 7.9 -2.3 -2.7 -4.3 a -3.4 5.0 -7.4 a m 2.9 -0.2 (3.1) (4.1) (3.3) (2.1) (3.7) (3.3) (2.8) (3.5) (3.3) (3.6) (4.0) (3.0) (3.2) (2.9) m (4.2) m (2.6) m (3.0) (3.3) (3.9) (2.6) a (2.5) (3.1) (3.0) a m (4.4) (0.7) -3.7 -2.5 -7.3 -7.2 0.6 -8.5 -3.2 -0.2 -7.5 0.6 -6.6 -2.1 -4.9 -8.7 -9.6 -7.4 1.4 -2.8 -3.3 5.6 -11.6 -12.6 -0.3 -12.7 -4.7 -7.4 -11.7 -10.3 m 1.4 -5.1 (2.6) (3.8) (2.6) (2.1) (3.4) (3.1) (2.3) (3.8) (2.7) (3.0) (3.0) (2.8) (3.1) (2.7) (5.2) (4.6) (2.0) (2.3) (3.3) (2.4) (3.4) (2.7) (2.1) (4.4) (2.4) (3.1) (3.1) (5.5) m (3.0) (0.6) 5.2 6.8 1.5 7.5 -5.5 1.8 8.6 6.5 -0.1 6.4 -9.4 8.6 9.5 9.3 m 11.7 m 1.5 m 2.3 9.3 9.9 -4.0 a 1.4 12.5 4.3 a m 1.4 4.5 (3.4) (3.5) (3.2) (2.2) (3.5) (3.5) (2.8) (3.8) (3.1) (3.4) (4.3) (3.2) (3.1) (3.3) m (4.3) (1.6) (2.9) (2.4) (3.0) (3.2) (4.1) (2.7) a (2.9) (3.3) (3.4) a m (3.9) (0.7) -3.0 0.1 -0.6 -2.4 -5.3 -2.4 0.9 2.7 -4.5 4.5 -1.9 1.0 -0.2 0.7 m -0.3 m 0.5 m 0.2 -4.9 0.4 1.0 a -1.4 1.2 -7.3 a m -3.3 -1.0 (1.9) (2.6) (2.0) (1.1) (2.3) (2.3) (1.5) (2.6) (2.6) (2.6) (2.9) (1.4) (2.1) (1.6) m (2.3) m (3.2) m (1.9) (1.8) (2.4) (2.7) a (2.1) (1.5) (2.3) a m (3.3) (0.5) -3.3 -3.2 -5.1 -3.1 -0.9 -2.1 -1.6 0.2 -6.9 2.0 0.1 -0.1 -5.1 -4.1 -3.2 -2.8 4.0 1.7 -0.5 -0.4 -4.6 -3.0 1.5 -2.6 0.6 -3.6 -3.7 -5.7 m -0.6 -1.9 (1.4) (2.5) (1.8) (1.1) (1.9) (2.0) (1.3) (2.6) (2.1) (2.3) (2.4) (1.2) (2.1) (1.6) (1.9) (2.3) (1.7) (2.5) (2.3) (1.6) (1.6) (1.7) (2.2) (3.0) (1.8) (1.7) (1.9) (4.8) m (2.1) (0.4) 0.2 3.3 4.5 0.7 -4.4 -0.3 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 -2.0 1.1 4.9 4.8 m 2.5 m -1.2 m 0.6 -0.2 3.4 -0.5 a -2.0 4.8 -3.6 a m -2.7 1.0 (2.1) (2.3) (2.0) (1.2) (2.3) (2.3) (1.6) (2.7) (2.7) (2.4) (3.0) (1.5) (2.3) (1.9) m (2.4) m (3.2) m (2.0) (1.9) (2.5) (2.7) a (2.2) (1.8) (2.5) a m (3.2) (0.5) a a 1.4 a a a a a -6.0 2.5 a a a -6.9 5.4 a a a m a -5.7 a a a 6.0 a a a a (3.5) a a a a a (3.8) (4.4) a a a (5.2) (9.4) a a a m a (4.2) a a a (3.2) a a a a -0.5 a a a a a -4.0 1.5 a a a -8.9 -11.8 a 3.4 a m a -7.8 a a a -0.6 -0.4 -2.9 a a (3.2) a a a a a (3.4) (3.4) a a a (3.8) (8.7) a (3.5) a m a (3.5) a a a (2.8) (3.3) (2.7) a a 2.0 a a a a a -2.0 0.9 a a a 2.0 17.2 a a a m a 2.2 a a a 6.6 a a a a (3.9) a a a a a (3.9) (4.1) a a a (5.6) (10.2) a a a m a (4.0) a a a (3.5) a a a a 4.9 a a a a a -2.5 4.7 a a a 0.9 1.3 a a a m a 0.1 a a a 8.9 a a a a (3.0) a a a a a (2.3) (3.0) a a a (2.6) (8.1) a a a m a (1.8) a a a (2.6) a a a a 5.5 a a a a a 0.2 2.3 a a a 0.3 -2.6 a 1.3 a m a -0.9 a a a 3.1 2.3 5.5 a a (2.7) a a a a a (1.7) (2.8) a a a (2.1) (6.3) a (0.8) a m a (1.6) a a a (2.7) (2.8) (1.9) a a -0.6 a a a a a -2.6 2.4 a a a 0.6 3.9 a a a m a 1.0 a a a 5.8 a a a a (2.9) a a a a a (2.3) (2.5) a a a (2.7) (8.1) a a a m a (1.6) a a a (2.5) a a Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). Differences are later cycle minus the earlier cycle. 1. Single-level bivariate regression of science performance on the ESCS, the slope is the regression coefficient for the ESCS. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 128 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/2] Relationship between student performance in mathematics and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for Table 4.4d PISA 2000, PISA 2003 and PISA 2006 Tableau 4.4d Relation entre la performance des élèves en mathématiques et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) pour les cycles PISA 2000, PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Slope of ESCS for mathematics,1 PISA 2006 Partners OECD Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 38 43 49 30 54 34 32 51 47 37 48 28 35 29 40 38 36 26 39 43 35 38 29 46 30 38 40 35 41 42 38 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 38 3 32 47 38 26 32 34 26 24 43 27 33 31 44 41 14 27 m 37 33 35 42 46 28 27 36 (2.9) (1.5) (2.4) (3.7) (1.9) (2.2) (1.8) (2.2) (2.5) (2.9) (2.7) (1.9) (2.6) (2.4) (5.9) (1.9) (1.6) (1.8) m (3.6) (2.8) (2.1) (1.8) (2.7) (1.8) (2.4) (1.6) Strength of the relationship between mathematics in PISA 2006 and the ESCS S.E. Percentage of explained variance in student performance (1.4) (3.3) (2.3) (1.3) (2.7) (1.9) (1.5) (2.5) (2.4) (2.4) (2.0) (1.7) (2.0) (1.5) (2.5) (3.7) (1.0) (1.5) (2.3) (1.6) (2.4) (1.6) (1.5) (3.2) (1.3) (1.9) (1.8) (3.9) (1.7) (2.4) (0.4) 11.5 13.6 17.9 7.9 16.1 13.0 10.0 21.3 19.5 15.5 23.4 8.0 13.6 8.8 9.4 11.0 17.8 15.9 15.5 14.8 8.3 14.6 16.6 19.4 12.9 11.6 13.4 16.8 14.1 18.2 14.4 19.3 0.3 18.6 22.8 25.4 13.5 11.2 12.0 6.8 10.1 11.9 12.9 11.1 11.6 17.8 17.3 2.2 8.4 m 17.4 8.4 12.6 17.0 12.9 14.6 15.8 18.8 Slope of ESCS for mathematics,1 PISA 2003 S.E. Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS (0.79) (2.04) (1.17) (0.70) (1.43) (1.37) (0.96) (1.88) (1.59) (1.81) (1.64) (0.92) (1.46) (0.83) (0.99) (1.79) (0.90) (1.59) (1.68) (1.01) (1.14) (1.12) (1.59) (2.30) (1.16) (0.99) (1.06) (2.99) (1.19) (1.59) (0.27) 42 43 55 34 51 44 33 43 47 37 55 28 39 34 46 41 35 29 45 44 44 45 29 53 33 42 47 45 m 45 42 (2.39) (0.41) (2.20) (2.82) (2.16) (1.99) (1.13) (1.40) (1.28) (2.23) (1.14) (1.61) (1.62) (1.64) (4.73) (1.41) (0.49) (1.10) m (3.12) (1.40) (1.30) (1.44) (1.34) (1.85) (2.70) (1.55) a a 35 a a a a a 31 21 a a a 38 55 a 14 a m a 39 a a a 27 24 38 Strength of the relationship between mathematics in PISA 2003 and the ESCS S.E. Percentage of explained variance in student performance (2.2) (2.3) (1.7) (1.4) (2.1) (2.0) (1.6) (2.2) (1.7) (2.2) (2.3) (1.7) (2.0) (2.0) (4.1) (3.1) (1.2) (1.9) (2.4) (1.6) (1.7) (1.8) (1.2) (2.6) (1.7) (2.1) (2.1) (4.8) m (1.6) (0.4) 13.7 16.0 24.1 10.5 19.5 17.6 10.8 19.6 22.8 15.9 27.0 6.5 16.2 13.6 11.6 14.2 17.1 17.1 18.6 16.8 14.1 16.7 17.5 22.3 14.0 15.3 16.8 22.3 m 19.0 16.8 a a (3.1) a a a a a (2.9) (2.6) a a a (2.3) (5.9) a (3.3) a m a (2.3) a a a (2.6) (2.4) (2.1) a a 15.3 a a a a a 6.5 7.0 a a a 10.5 20.6 a 1.9 a m a 10.0 a a a 11.4 13.0 15.9 Slope of ESCS for mathematics,1 PISA 2000 S.E. Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS (1.19) (1.57) (1.32) (0.82) (1.44) (1.41) (1.05) (1.78) (1.47) (1.91) (1.81) (0.83) (1.55) (1.34) (1.69) (1.95) (1.01) (2.06) (1.71) (1.20) (1.09) (1.21) (1.50) (1.85) (1.33) (1.32) (1.27) (3.70) m (1.20) (0.30) 44 41 49 30 59 36 26 38 54 37 60 24 32 25 m 32 m 30 m 42 34 44 34 a 33 38 44 a m 50 39 a a (2.39) a a a a a (1.27) (1.61) a a a (1.28) (3.71) a (0.89) a m a (1.08) a a a (1.94) (2.43) (1.64) a a 35 a a a a a 27 20 a a a 31 33 a a a m a 38 a a a 26 a a Click Here To View The Agreement. Strength of the relationship between mathematics in PISA 2000 and the ESCS S.E. Percentage of explained variance in student performance S.E. (2.6) (2.8) (2.7) (1.2) (2.8) (2.3) (1.7) (2.4) (2.8) (3.4) (3.1) (2.6) (1.8) (2.2) m (2.4) m (2.2) m (2.6) (2.7) (3.6) (2.1) a (2.0) (2.2) (2.3) a m (2.8) (0.5) 17.1 14.7 19.3 9.8 21.3 14.4 8.7 15.5 22.8 13.3 26.2 6.7 13.4 7.3 m 11.0 m 17.8 m 16.1 10.6 14.0 16.6 a 14.6 12.1 17.1 a m 23.8 15.2 (1.82) (1.89) (1.76) (0.72) (1.88) (1.84) (1.08) (1.90) (2.38) (2.28) (2.38) (1.42) (1.39) (1.30) m (1.55) m (2.59) m (1.79) (1.58) (2.12) (2.15) a (1.76) (1.39) (1.76) a m (2.61) (0.38) a a (3.0) a a a a a (3.3) (4.0) a a a (3.8) (8.6) a a a m a (4.0) a a a (3.0) a a a a 16.7 a a a a a 5.7 5.5 a a a 5.6 10.4 a a a m a 7.2 a a a 8.6 a a a a (2.81) a a a a a (1.50) (1.95) a a a (1.28) (4.67) a a a m a (1.47) a a a (1.86) a a Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). Differences are later cycle minus the earlier cycle. 1. Single-level bivariate regression of mathematics performance on the ESCS, the slope is the regression coefficient for the ESCS. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 129 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Relationship between student performance in mathematics and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for Table 4.4d PISA 2000, PISA 2003 and PISA 2006 Tableau 4.4d Relation entre la performance des élèves en mathématiques et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) pour les cycles PISA 2000, PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Difference in ESCS slope between PISA 2006 and PISA 2000 Difference in ESCS slope between PISA 2006 and PISA 2003 Difference in ESCS slope between PISA 2003 and PISA 2000 Difference in ESCS percent explained between PISA 2006 and PISA 2000 Difference in ESCS percent explained between PISA 2006 and PISA 2003 Difference in ESCS percent explained between PISA 2003 and PISA 2000 Partners OECD Dif. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. -5.6 2.9 -0.5 -0.5 -4.7 -1.7 6.4 12.9 -7.2 -0.1 -12.2 4.9 2.7 4.0 m 5.4 m -4.5 m 0.5 1.0 -6.3 -5.1 a -2.8 0.6 -3.5 a m -7.8 -0.9 (3.0) (4.4) (3.5) (1.8) (3.9) (2.9) (2.2) (3.5) (3.7) (4.2) (3.7) (3.2) (2.7) (2.7) m (4.3) m (2.6) m (3.0) (3.7) (3.9) (2.6) a (2.4) (2.9) (2.9) a m (3.7) (0.7) -4.3 0.2 -6.4 -4.6 2.8 -10.3 -0.9 7.6 0.0 0.3 -7.3 0.3 -3.4 -5.7 -6.7 -3.2 0.9 -3.4 -5.8 -0.9 -9.4 -6.7 0.1 -7.4 -3.1 -3.8 -7.4 -10.2 m -3.2 -3.5 (2.6) (4.0) (2.9) (2.0) (3.5) (2.7) (2.2) (3.3) (2.9) (3.3) (3.1) (2.5) (2.8) (2.5) (4.8) (4.8) (1.6) (2.4) (3.3) (2.3) (3.0) (2.4) (2.0) (4.1) (2.1) (2.8) (2.8) (6.2) m (2.9) (0.6) -1.3 2.8 5.9 4.1 -7.5 8.6 7.3 5.3 -7.2 -0.4 -5.0 4.6 6.1 9.7 m 8.6 m -1.0 m 1.4 10.4 0.4 -5.2 a 0.2 4.4 4.0 a m -4.5 2.1 (3.4) (3.6) (3.2) (1.9) (3.5) (3.0) (2.3) (3.3) (3.3) (4.1) (3.8) (3.2) (2.7) (3.0) m (3.9) m (2.9) m (3.0) (3.2) (4.0) (2.4) a (2.6) (3.0) (3.2) a m (3.2) (0.7) -5.6 -1.1 -1.4 -2.0 -5.2 -1.4 1.3 5.8 -3.2 2.2 -2.8 1.4 0.2 1.4 m 0.0 m -1.9 m -1.4 -2.2 0.5 0.0 a -1.7 -0.5 -3.7 a m -5.5 -1.1 (2.0) (2.8) (2.1) (1.0) (2.4) (2.3) (1.4) (2.7) (2.9) (2.9) (2.9) (1.7) (2.0) (1.5) m (2.4) m (3.0) m (2.1) (1.9) (2.4) (2.7) a (2.1) (1.7) (2.1) a m (3.1) (0.5) -2.1 -2.4 -6.2 -2.6 -3.3 -4.6 -0.8 1.7 -3.3 -0.4 -3.6 1.6 -2.6 -4.8 -2.2 -3.2 0.7 -1.2 -3.1 -2.0 -5.8 -2.1 -0.9 -2.9 -1.1 -3.7 -3.4 -5.5 m -0.8 -2.4 (1.4) (2.6) (1.8) (1.1) (2.0) (2.0) (1.4) (2.6) (2.2) (2.6) (2.4) (1.2) (2.1) (1.6) (2.0) (2.6) (1.4) (2.6) (2.4) (1.6) (1.6) (1.6) (2.2) (3.0) (1.8) (1.7) (1.7) (4.8) m (2.0) (0.4) -3.5 1.3 4.8 0.7 -1.8 3.2 2.1 4.1 0.1 2.6 0.8 -0.2 2.8 6.3 m 3.2 m -0.7 m 0.7 3.5 2.6 0.9 a -0.6 3.2 -0.3 a m -4.7 1.3 (2.2) (2.5) (2.2) (1.1) (2.4) (2.3) (1.5) (2.6) (2.8) (3.0) (3.0) (1.6) (2.1) (1.9) m (2.5) m (3.3) m (2.2) (1.9) (2.4) (2.6) a (2.2) (1.9) (2.2) a m (2.9) (0.5) a a -3.1 a a a a a -0.5 3.2 a a a 0.4 10.8 a a a m a -5.1 a a a 2.1 a a a a (3.8) a a a a a (4.2) (4.9) a a a (4.5) (10.4) a a a m a (4.8) a a a (3.5) a a a a -3.3 a a a a a -5.1 2.4 a a a -6.8 -11.3 a 0.3 a m a -6.2 a a a 1.1 2.9 -1.3 a a (4.0) a a a a a (3.9) (3.9) a a a (3.3) (8.3) a (3.6) a m a (3.6) a a a (3.1) (3.4) (2.6) a a 0.2 a a a a a 4.5 0.8 a a a 7.2 22.1 a a a m a 1.1 a a a 1.0 a a a a (4.3) a a a a a (4.4) (4.8) a a a (4.4) (10.4) a a a m a (4.6) a a a (3.9) a a a a 1.9 a a a a a 1.1 4.6 a a a 5.9 7.3 a a a m a 1.1 a a a 6.0 a a a a (3.6) a a a a a (2.0) (3.0) a a a (2.1) (6.6) a a a m a (2.0) a a a (2.6) a a a a 3.3 a a a a a 0.3 3.2 a a a 1.1 -2.9 a 0.3 a m a -1.6 a a a 3.2 2.8 2.9 a a (3.2) a a a a a (1.8) (2.7) a a a (2.1) (6.0) a (1.0) a m a (1.8) a a a (2.7) (3.6) (2.3) a a -1.4 a a a a a 0.8 1.5 a a a 4.8 10.2 a a a m a 2.8 a a a 2.8 a a a a (3.7) a a a a a (2.0) (2.5) a a a (1.8) (6.0) a a a m a (1.8) a a a (2.7) a a Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). Differences are later cycle minus the earlier cycle. 1. Single-level bivariate regression of mathematics performance on the ESCS, the slope is the regression coefficient for the ESCS. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 130 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/2] Relationship between student performance in reading and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for PISA 2000, Table 4.4e PISA 2003 and PISA 2006 Tableau 4.4e Relation entre la performance des élèves en compréhension de l’écrit et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) pour les cycles PISA 2000, PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Slope of ESCS for reading,1 PISA 2006 Partners OECD Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 41 46 48 36 51 32 29 48 47 34 45 24 38 30 39 28 41 28 40 49 38 42 33 45 27 36 39 31 43 m 38 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 39 18 30 55 38 28 32 29 22 23 40 28 36 31 45 39 12 24 m 32 34 36 39 38 28 21 38 (2.9) (2.7) (2.7) (4.2) (2.4) (2.3) (2.0) (2.5) (2.4) (2.6) (3.3) (2.2) (3.0) (2.5) (4.8) (2.2) (1.8) (1.7) m (3.6) (3.0) (2.1) (1.7) (2.0) (1.8) (2.4) (2.2) Strength of the relationship between reading in PISA 2006 and the ESCS S.E. Percentage of explained variance in student performance (1.4) (3.7) (2.2) (1.6) (3.4) (2.1) (1.7) (2.8) (2.6) (2.9) (2.5) (1.9) (2.3) (1.8) (3.0) (3.2) (1.2) (1.8) (2.5) (2.2) (2.7) (1.9) (1.8) (3.4) (1.5) (2.5) (1.6) (2.9) (1.9) m (0.4) 11.8 12.9 16.0 9.5 12.5 10.7 7.7 16.4 15.9 10.7 19.4 4.9 12.3 7.5 7.3 6.6 20.6 14.5 13.7 14.9 7.8 13.3 17.9 14.9 10.5 8.5 14.0 13.1 12.2 m 12.3 13.5 7.2 13.7 22.7 18.6 10.3 10.2 7.7 6.3 10.8 8.2 11.3 9.8 9.4 18.1 14.0 1.8 6.0 m 11.0 8.3 14.0 15.1 13.0 14.7 8.5 13.5 Slope of ESCS for reading,1 PISA 2003 S.E. Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS (0.77) (2.01) (1.18) (0.77) (1.37) (1.27) (0.92) (1.70) (1.46) (1.64) (1.71) (0.73) (1.36) (0.82) (1.00) (1.34) (1.07) (1.68) (1.58) (1.23) (1.01) (1.09) (1.63) (2.05) (1.20) (1.07) (1.04) (2.37) (1.07) m (0.26) 44 54 54 34 44 41 30 45 48 34 48 24 39 37 47 32 38 32 37 46 44 46 26 51 32 41 47 39 m 47 41 (2.11) (1.99) (1.84) (2.88) (2.06) (1.70) (1.13) (1.21) (1.34) (2.22) (1.16) (1.68) (1.45) (1.43) (4.02) (1.46) (0.54) (0.85) m (2.42) (1.37) (1.36) (1.32) (1.21) (2.00) (2.04) (1.39) a a 29 a a a a a 24 20 a a a 33 47 a 8 a m a 41 a a a 24 21 41 Strength of the relationship between reading in PISA 2003 and the ESCS S.E. Percentage of explained variance in student performance (1.9) (2.3) (2.0) (1.3) (2.2) (1.9) (1.6) (2.7) (1.7) (2.1) (2.3) (2.2) (2.1) (2.0) (3.8) (2.8) (1.4) (2.3) (2.2) (1.8) (2.1) (2.3) (1.8) (2.5) (2.1) (2.1) (2.2) (4.1) m (1.7) (0.4) 14.2 21.3 22.8 9.9 15.5 16.3 9.6 19.5 22.5 10.9 21.7 4.0 16.5 14.1 10.8 10.9 17.4 16.9 15.5 16.7 11.7 15.8 12.8 20.9 11.4 14.2 17.9 20.3 m 18.0 15.5 a a (2.6) a a a a a (2.5) (2.2) a a a (3.1) (5.9) a (2.5) a m a (2.1) a a a (2.2) (2.5) (2.3) a a 8.6 a a a a a 5.3 6.8 a a a 7.7 18.6 a 0.9 a m a 10.9 a a a 9.9 7.6 12.8 Slope of ESCS for reading,1 PISA 2000 S.E. Score point difference associated with one unit on the ESCS (1.08) (1.61) (1.37) (0.75) (1.45) (1.27) (0.97) (1.95) (1.35) (1.43) (1.83) (0.75) (1.69) (1.27) (1.50) (1.69) (1.12) (2.29) (1.62) (1.20) (1.14) (1.30) (1.60) (1.89) (1.33) (1.26) (1.51) (3.55) m (1.24) (0.29) 50 44 50 37 60 43 28 43 59 32 57 27 34 30 m 24 m 33 m 46 41 44 38 a 32 37 51 a m 47 41 a a (1.52) a a a a a (1.13) (1.39) a a a (1.49) (4.47) a (0.62) a m a (1.03) a a a (1.71) (1.77) (1.39) a a 28 a a a a a 28 23 a a a 38 43 a a a m a 40 a a a 22 a a Click Here To View The Agreement. Strength of the relationship between reading in PISA 2000 and the ESCS S.E. Percentage of explained variance in student performance S.E. (2.4) (2.3) (2.1) (1.2) (2.5) (2.0) (2.0) (2.1) (2.8) (2.7) (2.8) (1.6) (1.8) (2.0) m (2.3) m (2.0) m (2.3) (2.0) (3.4) (2.1) a (1.5) (1.6) (2.1) a m (2.8) (0.5) 17.4 16.6 18.9 12.2 22.9 16.1 8.6 19.0 23.6 12.2 25.4 7.4 12.3 10.4 m 8.6 m 19.8 m 15.2 12.6 14.3 18.0 a 15.8 11.7 21.4 a m 19.3 15.8 (1.65) (1.36) (1.32) (0.63) (1.82) (1.44) (0.98) (1.67) (2.48) (1.91) (2.18) (0.86) (1.25) (1.17) m (1.56) m (2.44) m (1.43) (1.22) (1.90) (2.06) a (1.47) (1.01) (1.63) a m (2.05) (0.33) a a (1.9) a a a a a (2.8) (2.9) a a a (3.6) (5.6) a a a m a (2.9) a a a (2.7) a a a a 13.9 a a a a a 7.8 9.1 a a a 9.0 17.1 a a a m a 10.2 a a a 7.3 a a a a (1.85) a a a a a (1.64) (2.04) a a a (1.57) (4.53) a a a m a (1.45) a a a (1.71) a a Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). Differences are later cycle minus the earlier cycle. 1. Single-level bivariate regression of reading performance on the ESCS, the slope is the regression coefficient for the ESCS. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 131 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/2] Relationship between student performance in reading and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) for PISA 2000, Table 4.4e PISA 2003 and PISA 2006 Tableau 4.4e Relation entre la performance des élèves en compréhension de l’écrit et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) pour les cycles PISA 2000, PISA 2003 et PISA 2006 Difference in ESCS slope between PISA 2006 and PISA 2000 Difference in ESCS slope between PISA 2006 and PISA 2003 Difference in ESCS slope between PISA 2003 and PISA 2000 Difference in ESCS percent explained between PISA 2006 and PISA 2000 Difference in ESCS percent explained between PISA 2006 and PISA 2003 Difference in ESCS percent explained between PISA 2003 and PISA 2000 Partners OECD Dif. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. -9.0 2.2 -1.9 -0.9 -8.5 -10.3 0.1 5.4 -11.6 2.4 -12.0 -2.2 3.4 0.2 m 4.0 m -5.0 m 3.0 -3.1 -1.6 -5.3 a -4.8 -0.9 -11.0 a m m -2.9 (2.8) (4.3) (3.0) (2.0) (4.3) (2.9) (2.6) (3.5) (3.8) (4.0) (3.8) (2.5) (3.0) (2.7) m (4.0) m (2.6) m (3.2) (3.4) (3.9) (2.8) a (2.1) (3.0) (2.6) a m m (0.7) -2.9 -7.4 -5.9 3.0 7.4 -8.8 -1.5 2.9 -1.2 0.3 -3.5 0.3 -1.7 -6.7 -7.5 -4.1 3.4 -4.7 2.4 2.1 -6.4 -4.4 6.5 -6.5 -5.1 -5.1 -7.7 -8.5 m m -2.5 (2.4) (4.4) (3.0) (2.1) (4.1) (2.8) (2.3) (3.9) (3.1) (3.5) (3.4) (2.9) (3.1) (2.6) (4.8) (4.2) (1.9) (2.9) (3.3) (2.8) (3.4) (3.0) (2.5) (4.2) (2.6) (3.3) (2.7) (5.0) m m (0.6) -6.1 9.6 4.0 -3.8 -15.9 -1.5 1.7 2.6 -10.4 2.1 -8.6 -2.5 5.1 6.8 m 8.1 m -0.3 m 0.9 3.3 2.8 -11.8 a 0.3 4.3 -3.3 a m -0.2 -0.5 (3.1) (3.2) (2.9) (1.8) (3.3) (2.8) (2.5) (3.4) (3.3) (3.4) (3.6) (2.7) (2.8) (2.8) m (3.6) m (3.0) m (2.9) (2.9) (4.1) (2.7) a (2.5) (2.7) (3.0) a m (3.3) (0.6) -5.7 -3.7 -2.9 -2.7 -10.4 -5.4 -0.9 -2.6 -7.7 -1.5 -6.0 -2.4 0.0 -3.0 m -2.0 m -5.2 m -0.2 -4.8 -1.1 -0.1 a -5.3 -3.2 -7.3 a m m -3.7 (1.8) (2.4) (1.8) (1.0) (2.3) (1.9) (1.3) (2.4) (2.9) (2.5) (2.8) (1.1) (1.9) (1.4) m (2.1) m (3.0) m (1.9) (1.6) (2.2) (2.6) a (1.9) (1.5) (1.9) a m m (0.4) -2.4 -8.4 -6.9 -0.4 -3.0 -5.6 -1.8 -3.1 -6.6 -0.2 -2.3 0.9 -4.2 -6.6 -3.4 -4.3 3.2 -2.4 -1.8 -1.7 -3.9 -2.6 5.1 -6.1 -0.9 -5.7 -3.9 -7.2 m m -3.1 (1.3) (2.6) (1.8) (1.1) (2.0) (1.8) (1.3) (2.6) (2.0) (2.2) (2.5) (1.0) (2.2) (1.5) (1.8) (2.2) (1.5) (2.8) (2.3) (1.7) (1.5) (1.7) (2.3) (2.8) (1.8) (1.7) (1.8) (4.3) m m (0.4) -3.2 4.6 3.9 -2.3 -7.4 0.2 1.0 0.6 -1.1 -1.3 -3.7 -3.4 4.2 3.6 m 2.4 m -2.9 m 1.5 -0.9 1.5 -5.2 a -4.4 2.5 -3.5 a m -1.4 -0.6 (2.0) (2.1) (1.9) (1.0) (2.3) (1.9) (1.4) (2.6) (2.8) (2.4) (2.8) (1.1) (2.1) (1.7) m (2.3) m (3.3) m (1.9) (1.7) (2.3) (2.6) a (2.0) (1.6) (2.2) a m (2.4) (0.4) a a 1.8 a a a a a -6.0 0.0 a a a -7.6 1.3 a a a m a -5.9 a a a 6.3 a a a a (3.3) a a a a a (3.7) (3.9) a a a (4.4) (7.4) a a a m a (4.2) a a a (3.2) a a a a 1.1 a a a a a -1.5 2.8 a a a -2.6 -2.6 a 4.3 a m a -7.3 a a a 4.3 -0.6 -3.6 a a (3.7) a a a a a (3.4) (3.4) a a a (4.0) (7.6) a (3.1) a m a (3.7) a a a (2.9) (3.5) (3.2) a a 0.8 a a a a a -4.5 -2.8 a a a -5.0 3.9 a a a m a 1.4 a a a 2.0 a a a a (3.2) a a a a a (3.8) (3.6) a a a (4.7) (8.1) a a a m a (3.6) a a a (3.5) a a a a -0.2 a a a a a -1.5 1.6 a a a 0.5 1.0 a a a m a -1.9 a a a 7.4 a a a a (2.6) a a a a a (2.1) (3.0) a a a (2.1) (6.1) a a a m a (2.0) a a a (2.6) a a a a 5.1 a a a a a 1.0 3.9 a a a 1.8 -0.5 a 0.9 a m a -2.6 a a a 4.8 0.9 0.7 a a (2.4) a a a a a (1.8) (2.6) a a a (2.1) (6.0) a (0.8) a m a (1.7) a a a (2.6) (2.7) (2.0) a a -5.3 a a a a a -2.5 -2.3 a a a -1.3 1.4 a a a m a 0.7 a a a 2.6 a a a a (2.4) a a a a a (2.0) (2.5) a a a (2.2) (6.4) a a a m a (1.8) a a a (2.4) a a Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). Differences are later cycle minus the earlier cycle. 1. Single-level bivariate regression of reading performance on the ESCS, the slope is the regression coefficient for the ESCS. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 132 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/1] Table 4.5 Relationship between science motivational indices and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) Tableau 4.5 Relation entre les indices de motivation et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) Percentage of variance for the following indices explained by ESCS Interest in learning science topics General interest in science Enjoyment of science Instrumental motivation to learn science Future-oriented motivation to learn science Percentage S.E. Percentage S.E. Percentage S.E. Percentage S.E. (0.15) 2.4 (0.35) 3.4 (0.41) 2.1 (0.34) 1.4 (0.25) Austria 0.0 (0.04) 1.9 (0.49) 2.2 (0.54) 0.0 (0.03) 1.0 (0.35) 0.0 (0.05) 3.8 (0.66) 3.0 (0.57) 1.1 (0.32) 2.0 (0.44) Canada 0.2 (0.09) 1.7 (0.29) 2.5 (0.34) 2.1 (0.38) 2.2 (0.36) Czech Republic 0.0 (0.09) 0.7 (0.34) 0.4 (0.19) 0.1 (0.09) 0.2 (0.14) Denmark 1.5 (0.48) 2.9 (0.58) 3.6 (0.61) 1.0 (0.29) 1.5 (0.45) Finland 1.5 (0.45) 2.7 (0.54) 2.2 (0.49) 3.2 (0.55) 3.1 (0.58) France 0.4 (0.24) 3.6 (0.60) 3.3 (0.68) 2.8 (0.61) 2.5 (0.54) Germany 0.4 (0.21) 1.8 (0.52) 4.0 (0.57) 0.6 (0.27) 2.2 (0.49) Greece 0.1 (0.13) 3.6 (0.63) 3.4 (0.55) 0.9 (0.33) 1.8 (0.39) Hungary 0.1 (0.15) 1.1 (0.40) 1.3 (0.47) 0.0 (0.06) 0.4 (0.32) Iceland 1.4 (0.41) 3.1 (0.58) 4.5 (0.70) 3.7 (0.67) 3.3 (0.58) Ireland 1.5 (0.47) 4.9 (0.60) 4.5 (0.59) 3.3 (0.55) 3.0 (0.54) Italy 0.0 (0.06) 1.6 (0.31) 1.4 (0.29) 1.7 (0.37) 1.3 (0.26) Japan 0.8 (0.25) 2.2 (0.45) 1.5 (0.39) 2.5 (0.45) 1.9 (0.44) Korea 2.6 (0.77) 3.5 (0.70) 3.2 (0.79) 1.1 (0.50) 1.0 (0.49) Luxembourg 0.3 (0.17) 2.5 (0.48) 2.5 (0.42) 0.4 (0.18) 0.6 (0.22) Mexico 1.5 (0.44) 0.2 (0.15) 0.8 (0.31) 0.3 (0.14) 2.2 (0.49) Netherlands 0.1 (0.21) 2.1 (0.60) 2.4 (0.50) 0.5 (0.23) 1.5 (0.47) New Zealand 0.3 (0.23) 1.7 (0.51) 3.8 (0.59) 2.4 (0.53) 1.9 (0.43) Norway 1.0 (0.50) 3.0 (0.59) 2.8 (0.53) 1.8 (0.47) 1.0 (0.29) Poland 0.4 (0.20) 0.9 (0.28) 0.7 (0.27) 0.0 (0.03) 0.0 (0.05) Portugal 1.4 (0.57) 1.1 (0.37) 0.9 (0.38) 5.0 (0.83) 2.0 (0.52) Slovak Republic 0.0 (0.05) 2.5 (0.78) 0.4 (0.29) 0.0 (0.08) 0.0 (0.05) Spain 0.0 (0.04) 2.3 (0.39) 3.0 (0.55) 3.1 (0.47) 2.9 (0.49) Sweden 1.5 (0.47) 2.8 (0.70) 3.1 (0.73) 2.6 (0.63) 3.1 (0.54) Switzerland 0.5 (0.20) 3.2 (0.44) 3.2 (0.40) 1.4 (0.27) 2.3 (0.34) Turkey 0.8 (0.38) (0.12) 0.0 (0.06) United Kingdom 0.7 (0.26) 1.8 (0.39) 2.9 (0.52) 1.5 (0.34) 1.2 (0.32) United States 0.5 (0.31) 0.5 (0.24) 2.3 (0.49) 1.2 (0.34) 0.8 (0.29) OECD total 2.2 (0.24) 0.0 (0.02) 0.1 (0.03) 0.1 (0.03) 0.0 (0.03) OECD average Partners S.E. 0.4 Belgium OECD Percentage Australia 0.7 (0.06) 2.2 (0.09) 2.5 (0.09) 1.6 (0.07) 1.6 (0.07) Argentina 3.7 (1.03) 0.2 (0.20) 0.4 (0.29) 0.4 (0.27) 0.3 (0.21) Azerbaijan 1.3 (0.51) 1.0 (0.41) 0.1 (0.14) 0.1 (0.16) 0.8 (0.35) Brazil 1.7 (0.61) 0.0 (0.06) 0.2 (0.17) 0.3 (0.17) 0.4 (0.18) Bulgaria 0.0 (0.12) 1.1 (0.45) 0.3 (0.25) 0.1 (0.11) 0.5 (0.35) Chile 4.3 (0.87) 0.0 (0.03) 0.7 (0.28) 0.4 (0.29) 0.6 (0.30) Colombia 0.4 (0.27) 1.0 (0.39) 0.3 (0.27) 0.5 (0.44) 1.6 (0.62) Croatia 0.9 (0.31) 0.4 (0.19) 0.0 (0.07) 0.0 (0.06) 0.0 (0.06) Estonia 0.1 (0.14) 2.1 (0.53) 1.0 (0.34) 0.2 (0.14) 0.4 (0.23) Hong Kong-China 0.7 (0.29) 1.4 (0.45) 1.5 (0.43) 0.0 (0.06) 0.1 (0.11) Indonesia 0.7 (0.29) 1.0 (0.36) 0.1 (0.14) 0.3 (0.34) 0.2 (0.25) Israel 1.5 (0.50) 0.0 (0.05) 0.0 (0.05) 0.0 (0.05) 0.0 (0.05) Jordan 0.0 (0.04) 1.3 (0.40) 0.5 (0.32) 1.2 (0.31) 1.2 (0.38) Kyrgyzstan 0.0 (0.08) 0.0 (0.08) 1.2 (0.43) 1.6 (0.57) 3.2 (0.70) Latvia 0.0 (0.11) 0.6 (0.36) 0.1 (0.14) 0.0 (0.05) 0.1 (0.09) Liechtenstein 1.1 (1.05) 2.9 (1.51) 7.1 (2.57) 0.8 (0.84) 3.1 (1.81) Lithuania 0.3 (0.20) 1.3 (0.39) 0.5 (0.19) 0.0 (0.04) 0.1 (0.09) Macao-China 1.0 (0.34) 0.4 (0.22) 0.5 (0.23) 0.1 (0.14) 0.0 (0.06) Montenegro 0.0 (0.04) 0.4 (0.22) 0.5 (0.24) 0.4 (0.21) 1.1 (0.40) m m m m m m m m m m Romania 0.3 (0.33) 1.2 (0.43) 0.2 (0.17) 0.0 (0.04) 0.1 (0.11) Russian Federation 0.2 (0.18) 0.0 (0.05) 0.0 (0.06) 0.2 (0.19) 1.1 (0.39) Serbia 0.9 (0.35) 0.0 (0.05) 1.1 (0.36) 0.1 (0.15) 0.5 (0.25) Slovenia 0.0 (0.04) 0.9 (0.26) 0.2 (0.11) 0.2 (0.13) 0.8 (0.30) Chinese Taipei 1.7 (0.38) 2.6 (0.38) 2.4 (0.41) 1.3 (0.28) 1.7 (0.34) Thailand 0.1 (0.16) 0.1 (0.15) 0.3 (0.19) 0.4 (0.23) 0.0 (0.04) Tunisia 0.2 (0.18) 0.4 (0.25) 0.0 (0.09) 0.3 (0.24) 0.2 (0.18) Uruguay 2.5 (0.68) 0.1 (0.16) 0.0 (0.08) 0.0 (0.06) 0.0 (0.05) Qatar Click0.9 Here To View The Agreement.0.1 (0.35) 0.7 (0.37) 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 133 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/1] Table 4.6 Relationship between student perceptions of science and the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) Tableau 4.6 Relation entre les indices d’attitude à l’égard des sciences et l’indice PISA de statut économique, social et culturel (SESC) Percentage of variance for the following indices explained by ESCS Support for scientific enquiry Percentage S.E. Percentage S.E. Percentage S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia 3.7 (0.43) 4.5 (0.43) 3.1 (0.36) 7.4 (0.53) 3.7 (0.41) Austria 2.1 (0.49) 2.8 (0.54) 0.7 (0.26) 7.6 (0.79) 1.7 (0.43) 2.6 (0.51) 2.2 (0.43) 2.6 (0.49) 4.9 (0.59) 1.9 (0.42) Canada 1.9 (0.32) 2.7 (0.38) 2.9 (0.37) 5.8 (0.57) 3.1 (0.47) Czech Republic 0.6 (0.33) 1.1 (0.33) 0.1 (0.09) 3.8 (0.60) 0.5 (0.23) Denmark 5.4 (0.89) 3.2 (0.59) 2.9 (0.54) 8.0 (0.97) 3.1 (0.60) Finland 2.5 (0.57) 3.9 (0.57) 3.5 (0.57) 5.3 (0.80) 3.7 (0.67) France 2.9 (0.64) 3.4 (0.63) 3.2 (0.66) 7.6 (0.85) 2.6 (0.59) Germany 3.0 (0.56) 3.7 (0.54) 2.2 (0.50) 8.2 (0.91) 1.9 (0.43) Greece 3.8 (0.74) 2.3 (0.45) 3.3 (0.55) 5.6 (0.79) 3.3 (0.58) Hungary 1.5 (0.52) 3.0 (0.67) 0.4 (0.26) 5.6 (0.70) 0.7 (0.40) Iceland 2.5 (0.56) 3.6 (0.62) 4.0 (0.66) 6.6 (0.86) 7.6 (0.94) Ireland 4.7 (0.80) 5.6 (0.74) 6.2 (0.73) 8.1 (0.89) 4.6 (0.70) Italy 2.5 (0.42) 3.0 (0.35) 1.3 (0.27) 3.8 (0.49) 1.0 (0.22) Japan 1.7 (0.44) 2.2 (0.45) 2.0 (0.36) 3.1 (0.52) 0.7 (0.23) Korea 3.6 (0.86) 1.6 (0.47) 2.8 (0.89) 5.5 (0.99) 3.9 (0.77) Luxembourg 3.3 (0.54) 3.4 (0.55) 1.5 (0.38) 6.9 (0.64) 2.3 (0.43) Mexico 1.6 (0.36) 2.1 (0.60) 0.0 (0.04) 3.8 (0.61) 0.7 (0.23) Netherlands 2.9 (0.72) 3.4 (0.54) 1.7 (0.40) 4.3 (0.57) 2.0 (0.54) New Zealand 4.9 (0.76) 4.7 (0.65) 3.3 (0.63) 7.5 (0.70) 3.3 (0.58) Norway 4.1 (1.00) 4.1 (0.71) 2.9 (0.55) 5.9 (0.86) 3.5 (0.67) Poland 1.9 (0.48) 2.4 (0.44) 0.1 (0.07) 7.8 (0.75) 1.7 (0.39) Portugal 2.7 (0.65) 3.1 (0.56) 1.8 (0.38) 5.9 (0.84) 2.3 (0.59) Slovak Republic 3.0 (0.77) 2.2 (0.57) 0.0 (0.06) 4.4 (0.79) 1.1 (0.37) Spain 1.5 (0.41) 2.3 (0.39) 3.2 (0.49) 5.5 (0.70) 4.0 (0.58) Sweden 4.7 (0.82) 4.6 (0.64) 4.7 (0.71) 6.6 (1.06) 4.6 (0.71) Switzerland 2.1 (0.44) 2.3 (0.34) 1.8 (0.31) 7.1 (0.54) 2.7 (0.42) Turkey 2.0 (0.75) (0.99) 0.3 (0.25) United Kingdom 3.1 (0.57) 4.0 (0.45) 2.9 (0.40) 8.1 (0.68) 2.3 (0.40) United States 3.2 (0.66) 4.8 (0.64) 3.1 (0.52) 6.7 (0.93) 3.1 (0.73) OECD total 0.3 (0.06) 1.0 (0.11) 0.3 (0.06) 4.6 (0.26) 0.6 (0.11) OECD average 2.9 (0.11) 3.1 (0.10) 2.3 (0.09) 6.1 (0.14) 2.6 (0.10) Argentina 0.7 (0.48) 0.7 (0.42) 0.3 (0.21) 3.7 (0.83) 0.1 (0.17) Azerbaijan 0.1 (0.14) 1.3 (0.39) 0.0 (0.04) 3.9 (0.85) 0.1 (0.15) Brazil 1.4 (0.43) 1.4 (0.36) 0.0 (0.07) 6.4 (0.83) 0.2 (0.13) Bulgaria 3.1 (0.90) 1.3 (0.48) 0.1 (0.08) 6.5 (1.11) 0.6 (0.36) Chile 1.9 (0.53) 2.2 (0.40) 0.6 (0.25) 7.5 (0.95) 1.9 (0.40) Colombia 1.9 (0.57) 1.0 (0.37) 0.3 (0.23) 4.9 (0.78) 0.6 (0.48) Croatia 0.7 (0.27) 1.3 (0.32) 0.1 (0.07) 5.1 (0.62) 0.5 (0.21) Estonia 1.7 (0.46) 3.5 (0.63) 1.7 (0.36) 4.3 (0.63) 2.8 (0.49) Hong Kong-China 0.8 (0.45) 1.2 (0.42) 1.0 (0.29) 5.0 (0.75) 0.9 (0.35) Indonesia 2.5 (0.57) 1.1 (0.37) 0.1 (0.14) 4.8 (0.84) 0.1 (0.17) Israel 0.3 (0.24) 1.3 (0.44) 0.3 (0.20) 1.8 (0.52) 0.6 (0.29) Jordan 2.1 (0.66) 3.6 (0.63) 1.7 (0.47) 3.0 (0.69) 2.3 (0.57) Kyrgyzstan 0.3 (0.24) 0.6 (0.26) 0.2 (0.15) 1.3 (0.38) 0.7 (0.30) Latvia 1.4 (0.52) 2.0 (0.50) 0.6 (0.34) 3.4 (0.65) 0.5 (0.29) Liechtenstein 3.7 (2.46) 4.3 (1.84) 1.5 (1.42) 6.4 (2.38) 3.4 (1.96) Lithuania 2.2 (0.59) 1.9 (0.42) 0.6 (0.25) 5.6 (0.79) 1.6 (0.47) Macao-China 1.2 (0.46) 0.6 (0.24) 1.1 (0.37) 4.2 (0.73) 0.7 (0.35) Montenegro 0.5 (0.22) 0.6 (0.25) 0.1 (0.09) 6.7 (0.75) 0.3 (0.19) m m m m m m m m m m Romania 3.5 (1.09) 3.1 (0.83) 0.8 (0.30) 4.8 (0.95) 0.7 (0.27) Russian Federation 1.8 (0.57) 1.3 (0.40) 0.0 (0.04) 3.2 (0.66) 0.8 (0.41) Serbia 0.9 (0.33) 0.3 (0.15) 0.2 (0.15) 4.1 (0.60) 0.1 (0.13) Slovenia 1.5 (0.49) 1.8 (0.43) 0.4 (0.19) 6.3 (0.79) 0.2 (0.14) Chinese Taipei 2.7 (0.40) 2.4 (0.43) 1.8 (0.37) 6.5 (0.58) 2.0 (0.39) Thailand 3.1 (0.71) 1.4 (0.40) 0.9 (0.33) 2.0 (0.43) 0.0 (0.04) Tunisia 1.2 (0.50) 1.4 (0.47) 1.1 (0.51) 2.9 (0.65) 0.6 (0.30) Uruguay OECD Personal value of science S.E. Belgium Partners General value of science Percentage 0.9 (0.32) 0.5 (0.22) 0.3 (0.24) 3.5 (0.74) 0.7 (0.29) Qatar Click 2.0 Here To View The Agreement.4.6 (0.58) 1.4 (0.59) 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 134 Self-efficacy in science Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Self-concept in science I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/2] Table 4.7a Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of education of parents1 Tableau 4.7a Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation des parents Parents with completed lower secondary education or below (ISCED Levels 0, 1 or 2) Parents with completed tertiary education (ISCED Levels 5 or 6) Performance Science Partners OECD % of students Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 10.9 4.5 7.1 3.5 2.1 6.9 6.4 15.8 15.1 17.8 6.6 11.4 11.4 28.2 2.5 8.6 21.1 53.4 11.3 8.6 2.6 4.6 53.9 3.1 36.3 7.6 19.0 58.4 5.3 6.9 16.7 15.0 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 34.2 2.8 47.4 7.1 28.4 42.3 5.9 1.8 44.1 53.7 6.4 23.3 1.8 2.3 20.0 0.5 56.8 3.9 15.1 6.9 1.0 6.2 6.7 20.6 64.2 45.0 34.4 S.E. Mean score (0.4) (0.6) (0.5) (0.3) (0.3) (0.5) (0.4) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (0.6) (0.6) (0.6) (0.7) (0.3) (0.5) (0.5) (1.2) (0.7) (0.4) (0.3) (0.4) (1.4) (0.6) (1.1) (0.5) (0.7) (1.5) (0.3) (0.7) (0.3) (0.1) 486 414 437 476 c 427 532 446 449 418 426 450 467 443 c 486 431 388 476 475 c 432 454 376 461 456 458 404 450 414 420 446 (1.8) (0.3) (1.0) (0.8) (1.9) (1.9) (0.4) (0.3) (1.3) (2.2) (0.5) (1.1) (0.2) (0.3) (1.9) (0.1) (0.9) (0.3) (0.4) (0.9) (0.2) (0.4) (0.5) (1.0) (1.1) (1.8) (1.0) 353 c 365 340 391 368 443 c 523 378 393 387 c c 466 c 504 361 331 357 c 378 448 491 405 369 392 Reading S.E. Mean score (3.3) (15.0) (7.6) (6.7) c (5.8) (5.7) (5.7) (6.8) (4.8) (4.6) (5.3) (5.9) (3.0) c (7.1) (3.0) (2.9) (6.4) (5.5) c (4.9) (3.3) (17.9) (2.9) (4.9) (3.5) (2.4) (5.9) (6.0) (1.4) (1.3) 477 417 425 466 c 435 518 445 420 409 406 449 478 437 c 529 426 386 460 472 c 440 450 348 438 463 453 429 444 m 421 443 (6.0) c (2.8) (11.2) (3.8) (4.1) (5.2) c (3.0) (4.2) (7.6) (3.4) c c (12.1) c (1.5) (5.6) (2.1) (7.3) c (6.5) (7.0) (4.8) (2.0) (2.5) (3.3) 338 c 367 295 397 361 426 c 521 377 387 364 c c 464 c 487 339 288 339 c 335 437 459 402 365 373 Performance Mathematics S.E. Mean score (3.1) (20.0) (9.4) (7.7) c (6.4) (5.1) (6.4) (7.4) (6.6) (8.5) (5.3) (6.7) (3.8) c (7.5) (3.3) (3.7) (6.9) (5.9) c (6.8) (4.2) (26.0) (2.9) (5.9) (3.5) (3.7) (5.9) m (1.8) (1.7) 487 426 444 485 c 456 517 448 446 404 407 469 463 433 c 507 449 383 490 480 c 434 446 356 456 462 481 401 450 412 417 448 (7.2) c (4.1) (15.1) (4.9) (6.4) (5.4) c (3.2) (4.6) (8.2) (4.2) c c (11.9) c (1.5) (6.4) (2.8) (11.0) c (7.5) (7.4) (4.6) (2.6) (3.3) (5.0) 344 c 342 328 363 346 415 c 529 375 378 348 c c 479 c 518 350 291 357 c 370 441 504 400 342 385 Science S.E. % of students (3.0) (14.7) (11.8) (5.9) c (5.2) (6.0) (5.0) (6.9) (5.0) (5.5) (5.0) (5.1) (2.7) c (7.3) (2.7) (3.3) (6.0) (5.2) c (5.3) (3.5) (24.3) (2.6) (5.4) (3.6) (2.7) (4.8) (5.1) (1.6) (1.4) 54.0 50.9 57.7 69.4 33.1 63.3 76.6 39.1 45.8 44.3 34.7 50.2 46.0 26.1 60.7 42.8 44.5 35.6 53.3 53.2 67.6 18.6 22.5 28.8 34.8 69.4 50.2 15.9 51.4 58.1 46.8 46.6 (6.0) c (3.3) (12.9) (4.2) (5.1) (5.4) c (3.2) (4.2) (7.7) (3.9) c c (13.2) c (1.9) (6.4) (2.4) (9.9) c (6.8) (6.7) (6.2) (2.2) (3.1) (3.2) 45.5 60.1 35.9 36.0 31.0 42.7 43.9 50.9 13.6 17.8 68.2 48.4 77.5 50.8 51.2 57.6 9.9 61.2 60.9 48.7 42.5 49.9 36.1 16.1 12.8 24.7 54.3 S.E. Mean score (0.7) (1.1) (0.9) (0.6) (0.9) (1.1) (0.8) (1.2) (1.1) (1.3) (1.2) (0.8) (1.2) (0.7) (1.1) (1.3) (0.6) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (0.9) (0.8) (1.1) (0.9) (1.1) (0.8) (0.9) (1.2) (0.8) (1.4) (0.5) (0.2) 548 522 536 547 533 513 572 529 543 498 543 511 533 491 554 541 518 437 546 557 501 553 513 529 518 515 534 477 537 511 521 525 (1.8) (1.3) (1.0) (1.8) (1.7) (1.4) (0.8) (1.0) (1.0) (1.3) (1.0) (1.3) (1.0) (1.0) (2.7) (1.2) (0.5) (0.8) (0.5) (1.5) (1.3) (0.9) (0.7) (0.7) (0.9) (1.6) (1.0) 422 388 416 477 485 410 504 543 575 416 474 447 328 503 550 507 516 421 361 429 498 447 559 589 482 408 452 Click Here To View The Agreement. Reading S.E. Mean score (2.5) (3.8) (2.4) (2.0) (4.8) (3.5) (2.2) (4.5) (3.6) (3.7) (3.6) (2.3) (3.5) (3.2) (3.3) (4.8) (2.3) (3.8) (2.9) (3.1) (2.9) (3.9) (4.1) (4.2) (3.0) (2.4) (3.7) (10.6) (2.9) (4.9) (1.7) (0.7) 532 500 525 540 499 509 556 517 521 480 520 505 541 482 521 573 510 441 524 545 498 561 515 506 483 519 520 494 516 m 513 516 (5.8) (3.0) (4.4) (8.1) (4.6) (4.1) (2.8) (3.0) (6.8) (7.0) (4.1) (3.7) (2.9) (3.6) (6.2) (3.4) (4.5) (1.5) (1.2) (5.6) (4.2) (3.2) (2.4) (3.9) (5.7) (6.8) (2.9) 402 362 417 446 490 411 485 510 561 414 457 425 294 493 536 489 499 402 327 402 457 413 528 544 475 401 438 Mathematics S.E. Mean score S.E. (2.3) (4.0) (3.0) (2.4) (5.5) (3.5) (2.3) (4.8) (4.2) (4.3) (3.8) (2.8) (3.6) (3.7) (3.6) (4.4) (2.3) (4.0) (3.2) (3.4) (3.0) (4.5) (4.5) (4.4) (3.0) (3.4) (3.7) (9.6) (2.8) m (1.1) (0.7) 539 514 546 537 533 527 556 526 531 485 533 526 523 477 545 570 516 434 549 544 502 545 504 532 506 514 549 485 512 494 511 522 (2.7) (3.7) (2.6) (2.0) (5.0) (3.0) (2.3) (4.3) (3.8) (3.7) (4.2) (2.4) (3.1) (3.4) (3.1) (5.8) (2.1) (3.7) (2.7) (2.9) (2.5) (3.7) (4.4) (4.6) (3.2) (2.5) (3.6) (13.2) (2.6) (4.7) (1.6) (0.8) (7.4) (3.3) (4.9) (8.5) (6.3) (5.6) (3.1) (3.1) (6.3) (7.7) (5.0) (4.4) (3.5) (4.2) (5.8) (3.7) (4.7) (1.8) (1.7) (6.1) (5.0) (3.5) (2.0) (3.8) (5.9) (8.1) (4.0) 408 476 397 453 456 394 476 527 580 416 462 409 318 502 548 508 525 410 334 425 493 446 542 605 477 403 451 (6.4) (2.4) (4.9) (8.1) (4.7) (4.2) (2.6) (3.0) (7.3) (8.1) (4.5) (4.0) (3.6) (3.5) (6.2) (3.6) (4.5) (1.8) (1.5) (5.5) (4.6) (3.7) (2.3) (4.6) (5.3) (7.9) (2.9) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 135 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/2] Table 4.7a Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of education of parents1 Tableau 4.7a Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation des parents Increased likelihood of students, whose parents have completed lower secondary education or below, scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Partners OECD Ratio Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 1.7 2.8 2.4 2.1 c 2.3 1.6 2.1 2.7 2.3 2.7 1.9 1.8 1.8 c 1.7 2.6 2.0 1.9 1.9 c 2.4 2.0 2.9 1.8 1.9 2.2 1.7 2.1 2.2 1.7 2.1 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 2.0 c 1.8 2.7 2.2 1.6 2.1 c 1.8 1.6 1.9 1.7 c c 2.3 c 1.3 2.0 1.1 2.4 c 2.1 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.4 2.1 S.E. Difference in science performance between students whose parents have completed tertiary education minus students whose parents have completed lower secondary education or below PISA 2006 Dif. Dif. PISA 2000 S.E. Dif. S.E. (0.08) (0.30) (0.16) (0.14) c (0.18) (0.16) (0.17) (0.16) (0.16) (0.19) (0.16) (0.12) (0.09) c (0.14) (0.15) (0.15) (0.15) (0.15) c (0.16) (0.16) (0.39) (0.12) (0.16) (0.11) (0.18) (0.17) (0.19) (0.05) (0.03) 62 108 98 71 c 86 39 84 94 80 118 62 66 49 c 55 86 49 70 82 c 121 59 152 56 59 76 74 87 97 100 79 (3.5) (14.8) (7.5) (6.4) c (6.6) (5.9) (6.8) (6.0) (5.5) (5.3) (5.9) (5.9) (4.0) c (8.1) (3.7) (4.2) (6.4) (5.6) c (6.2) (4.5) (18.9) (3.6) (5.2) (3.8) (10.8) (6.2) (7.1) (2.1) (1.4) 53 85 95 64 c 78 39 81 124 62 123 44 66 62 65 62 76 47 58 83 65 c 44 175 57 68 85 89 84 84 99 76 (4.6) (8.8) (6.1) (4.7) c (6.7) (5.2) (7.8) (6.5) (6.3) (7.9) (4.9) (5.9) (5.5) (15.2) (6.5) (4.5) (5.0) (7.1) (6.1) (9.5) c (5.0) (26.0) (4.6) (6.3) (5.2) (13.1) (7.7) (7.8) (2.1) (1.6) 64 70 80 62 c 104 43 70 117 53 146 40 47 56 m 45 67 60 59 73 56 109 47 a 64 43 82 a 74 99 88 70 (6.4) (7.5) (6.3) (3.5) c (7.7) (6.0) (7.0) (9.9) (6.8) (9.7) (5.8) (5.9) (7.7) m (6.0) (6.6) (7.5) (7.2) (8.2) (8.5) (15.5) (7.4) a (5.6) (6.5) (6.5) a (7.8) (11.2) (2.9) (1.5) (0.19) c (0.12) (0.29) (0.21) (0.16) (0.15) c (0.13) (0.17) (0.18) (0.12) c c (0.54) c (0.08) (0.20) (0.08) (0.36) c (0.17) (0.20) (0.12) (0.17) (0.11) (0.15) 69 c 51 137 93 42 61 c 52 38 81 60 c c 84 c 12 60 31 72 c 69 111 98 77 39 60 (6.0) c (5.0) (13.2) (5.3) (4.7) (5.3) c (6.6) (7.1) (7.6) (4.5) c c (15.2) c (4.8) (5.9) (2.5) (10.1) c (6.7) (7.4) (5.7) (6.2) (7.4) (3.4) a a 33 a a a a a 38 26 a a a c 81 a 23 a a a c a a a 71 38 56 a a (5.5) a a a a a (6.8) (6.1) a a a c (13.4) a (10.5) a a a c a a a (6.4) (8.4) (4.5) 69 a 60 117 81 a a a 54 37 101 a a 89 56 a a a a 45 70 a a a 64 a a (9.1) a (7.6) (20.4) (6.3) a a a (7.7) (9.3) (14.8) a a (13.2) (17.9) a a a a (9.0) (9.8) a a a (6.9) a a Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 136 PISA 2003 S.E. Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/4] Table 4.7b Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of mothers’ education1 Tableau 4.7b Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation de la mère Mothers without completed primary education (ISCED Level 0) Mothers with completed primary or lower secondary education (ISCED Levels 1 or 2) Performance Science Partners OECD % of students Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 1.7 1.8 3.5 1.1 0.7 2.0 1.2 4.4 4.3 0.8 0.8 3.8 0.9 1.4 0.0 1.5 14.4 18.7 3.2 3.9 1.1 0.2 29.6 0.6 8.2 1.9 3.9 16.5 2.1 2.1 4.7 4.5 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 11.8 2.3 15.5 1.3 10.6 16.7 0.3 0.2 9.8 14.2 3.6 12.2 1.9 0.7 1.2 0.3 14.6 0.7 13.6 1.2 0.1 0.7 0.6 1.1 10.2 22.6 6.6 S.E. Mean score (0.1) (0.3) (0.3) (0.1) (0.2) (0.3) (0.2) (0.4) (0.5) (0.2) (0.2) (0.3) (0.2) (0.1) c (0.2) (0.5) (1.0) (0.3) (0.3) (0.2) (0.1) (1.2) (0.2) (0.5) (0.2) (0.2) (1.0) (0.2) (0.3) (0.2) (0.1) c c 409 c c c c 426 418 c c 438 c c c c 430 371 450 485 c c 442 c 436 c 445 394 c c 400 429 (0.9) (0.3) (0.6) (0.3) (0.8) (0.9) (0.1) (0.1) (0.5) (1.0) (0.3) (0.9) (0.2) (0.2) (0.7) (0.1) (0.6) (0.1) (0.4) (0.4) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.2) (0.8) (1.5) (0.4) 332 c 349 c 396 366 c c 515 375 386 381 c c c c 502 c 333 c c c c c 402 371 374 Reading S.E. Mean score c c (8.9) c c c c (8.4) (10.2) c c (7.6) c c c c (4.1) (3.5) (10.1) (8.3) c c (3.8) c (5.0) c (6.6) (3.9) c c (2.3) (2.1) c c 392 c c c c 434 393 c c 446 c c c c 428 367 436 470 c c 435 c 417 c 445 418 c m 399 423 (6.9) c (3.8) c (4.9) (4.8) c c (6.6) (5.9) (8.7) (4.3) c c c c (3.1) c (2.7) c c c c c (5.7) (3.3) (5.4) 327 c 355 c 401 362 c c 517 373 362 352 c c c c 486 c 292 c c c c c 401 358 355 Performance Mathematics S.E. Mean score c c (11.3) c c c c (8.2) (11.4) c c (7.7) c c c c (4.0) (4.9) (10.9) (8.3) c c (4.5) c (4.9) c (6.9) (6.0) c m (3.2) (2.3) c c 418 c c c c 430 420 c c 450 c c c c 448 365 462 481 c c 434 c 433 c 467 388 c c 399 433 (8.7) c (3.9) c (6.0) (8.1) c c (6.0) (6.1) (10.6) (5.5) c c c c (3.1) c (3.9) c c c c c (8.2) (4.7) (7.4) 323 c 321 c 370 345 c c 523 369 369 338 c c c c 513 c 294 c c c c c 395 343 358 Science S.E. % of students c c (10.9) c c c c (8.2) (10.4) c c (7.7) c c c c (4.1) (4.2) (9.4) (7.9) c c (4.1) c (5.3) c (7.4) (5.8) c c (2.8) (2.2) 20.2 9.3 10.1 6.1 4.4 11.3 11.1 20.6 17.2 28.1 14.4 25.0 19.7 38.5 4.4 14.9 18.8 47.1 17.9 13.0 5.2 8.7 33.3 5.2 41.6 11.0 26.3 62.0 6.5 8.8 19.2 18.7 (7.6) c (3.7) c (5.2) (6.9) c c (6.1) (6.0) (9.1) (4.7) c c c c (3.5) c (3.3) c c c c c (5.2) (3.7) (6.3) 32.6 4.3 43.7 11.8 29.4 37.8 15.0 4.2 47.2 53.5 7.6 26.5 3.1 3.1 32.7 1.7 58.2 9.6 13.0 12.4 2.3 14.8 14.8 31.7 64.8 43.3 38.9 S.E. Mean score (0.5) (0.7) (0.4) (0.3) (0.4) (0.7) (0.6) (0.8) (0.8) (1.2) (0.9) (0.7) (0.8) (0.9) (0.3) (0.7) (0.6) (0.9) (0.8) (0.6) (0.5) (0.6) (1.0) (0.7) (1.0) (0.5) (0.6) (1.3) (0.3) (0.6) (0.3) (0.1) 507 458 482 497 451 457 542 466 473 436 444 469 479 454 474 497 465 404 504 503 451 446 473 396 478 473 476 417 482 428 441 466 (1.3) (0.5) (0.8) (1.1) (1.4) (1.6) (0.6) (0.4) (1.2) (1.9) (0.6) (0.9) (0.3) (0.3) (2.3) (0.2) (0.7) (0.4) (0.4) (1.2) (0.2) (0.7) (0.5) (1.1) (1.0) (1.3) (1.1) 371 371 377 355 402 376 463 494 533 384 408 403 292 439 485 c 510 377 337 377 c 391 471 502 411 377 404 Click Here To View The Agreement. Reading S.E. Mean score (2.6) (10.6) (5.9) (4.0) (9.4) (4.7) (3.9) (4.5) (6.7) (4.3) (4.4) (3.2) (4.6) (2.4) (7.1) (5.7) (3.4) (2.4) (4.8) (5.1) (8.2) (4.5) (3.5) (12.4) (2.1) (4.4) (3.5) (2.9) (6.4) (5.8) (1.3) (1.0) 498 445 476 490 429 463 525 461 444 423 427 467 493 447 446 536 458 405 487 501 457 455 473 374 453 476 470 442 470 m 443 462 (6.6) (4.2) (3.0) (8.1) (4.0) (4.2) (4.3) (8.5) (2.9) (4.6) (6.5) (2.9) (8.1) (10.7) (9.0) c (1.5) (3.8) (2.6) (6.2) c (4.2) (3.7) (4.5) (2.0) (3.3) (3.3) 352 358 379 319 408 373 448 458 528 384 411 387 243 434 479 c 491 358 301 355 c 349 457 470 407 377 385 Mathematics S.E. Mean score S.E. (2.6) (12.3) (6.6) (4.9) (15.2) (5.0) (3.8) (5.4) (7.7) (5.3) (6.2) (3.1) (5.0) (2.9) (8.5) (6.3) (3.6) (2.9) (5.4) (5.6) (9.4) (5.4) (4.3) (17.5) (2.1) (6.0) (3.5) (3.8) (5.6) m (1.4) (1.3) 504 458 490 498 426 483 526 468 463 423 430 484 472 442 471 518 476 399 515 504 450 445 464 387 470 471 499 417 478 421 438 465 (2.4) (10.0) (7.2) (3.9) (8.4) (4.1) (4.2) (4.4) (6.5) (4.0) (5.1) (3.3) (4.0) (2.4) (6.4) (5.9) (3.1) (2.8) (5.2) (4.2) (7.9) (4.4) (3.5) (17.0) (1.8) (4.9) (3.8) (3.6) (5.0) (4.9) (1.4) (1.1) (7.9) (8.3) (5.3) (11.4) (5.3) (6.5) (5.1) (9.8) (3.0) (4.9) (7.7) (3.2) (16.5) (15.5) (8.5) c (1.6) (3.9) (3.9) (7.5) c (5.0) (3.9) (4.1) (2.5) (4.6) (4.7) 361 475 357 345 373 353 437 471 537 381 391 367 280 430 497 c 525 360 299 376 c 386 463 518 407 355 400 (6.6) (6.7) (3.8) (10.0) (4.4) (4.7) (4.3) (9.8) (3.1) (4.6) (8.2) (3.5) (8.9) (13.5) (9.9) c (1.8) (3.9) (3.2) (7.8) c (5.1) (3.4) (5.4) (2.4) (4.0) (3.0) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 137 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/4] Table 4.7b Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of mothers’ education1 Tableau 4.7b Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation de la mère Mothers with completed upper secondary education (ISCED Level 3) Mothers with completed tertiary education (ISCED Levels 5 or 6) Performance Science Partners OECD % of students Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 36.8 61.7 39.4 34.8 71.1 31.4 19.3 46.1 51.2 40.2 56.9 36.5 45.8 41.3 48.2 58.9 33.2 9.7 43.7 39.8 39.2 76.6 19.3 74.5 26.3 26.0 40.2 15.1 50.9 41.5 40.9 41.9 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 17.6 50.7 14.5 56.5 38.9 13.8 52.9 54.3 35.3 21.7 35.3 29.4 31.8 53.4 39.5 47.0 20.6 40.4 30.3 46.9 65.1 47.8 56.5 58.2 15.9 21.1 12.9 S.E. Mean score (0.6) (1.0) (0.7) (0.6) (0.9) (0.8) (0.6) (0.9) (0.9) (0.8) (1.1) (0.8) (1.0) (0.8) (0.9) (1.1) (0.7) (0.4) (0.9) (0.9) (1.0) (0.7) (0.8) (1.0) (0.6) (0.8) (0.6) (0.9) (0.8) (1.1) (0.4) (0.2) 521 515 505 527 513 488 547 504 533 482 501 490 508 493 517 520 498 443 525 534 481 495 495 485 500 506 529 461 521 480 501 504 (0.9) (1.4) (0.7) (1.6) (1.3) (1.0) (0.7) (0.9) (1.0) (1.9) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (2.6) (1.3) (0.5) (0.7) (0.6) (1.2) (1.1) (0.8) (0.8) (1.0) (0.6) (1.1) (0.6) 411 379 425 429 450 394 494 522 557 419 443 429 311 482 544 470 519 410 350 421 472 441 512 541 436 405 449 Reading S.E. Mean score (2.2) (3.6) (2.9) (2.4) (3.3) (3.1) (3.2) (3.7) (2.7) (3.4) (2.5) (2.5) (3.1) (2.3) (3.9) (3.0) (2.4) (4.2) (3.2) (3.1) (3.0) (2.1) (3.5) (2.8) (3.4) (3.4) (3.2) (7.3) (2.5) (4.1) (1.4) (0.6) 507 493 501 519 485 489 527 497 520 468 479 480 519 487 486 552 491 445 511 526 484 505 496 463 472 513 514 484 501 m 502 497 (7.6) (3.6) (5.2) (4.8) (4.8) (5.8) (2.7) (2.8) (3.3) (8.6) (4.1) (2.8) (3.9) (2.8) (7.4) (2.8) (3.0) (2.1) (1.6) (3.8) (3.6) (3.3) (2.0) (3.1) (3.8) (5.1) (5.3) 394 343 432 399 452 386 481 494 549 421 430 410 265 472 531 454 500 390 315 403 433 409 488 505 431 403 437 Performance Mathematics S.E. Mean score (2.0) (3.6) (3.5) (2.6) (3.7) (2.9) (3.3) (4.6) (3.0) (4.3) (3.1) (2.8) (3.4) (2.9) (4.0) (3.7) (2.4) (5.1) (3.4) (3.2) (3.4) (2.7) (4.4) (3.4) (3.1) (4.0) (2.9) (7.3) (2.5) m (1.0) (0.7) 515 510 518 520 510 507 535 505 518 465 487 505 503 477 508 544 499 443 529 523 484 492 487 490 491 501 546 464 499 466 494 501 (9.3) (3.7) (6.4) (5.7) (4.8) (6.9) (3.1) (3.5) (3.3) (8.6) (5.0) (3.3) (3.8) (3.5) (7.5) (3.1) (2.9) (2.3) (2.3) (4.7) (4.3) (3.8) (1.7) (3.0) (4.0) (5.8) (7.5) 406 476 407 408 425 386 470 505 563 417 430 392 297 476 543 465 535 397 315 417 468 443 497 560 435 387 452 S.E. % of students (2.1) (3.8) (3.3) (2.3) (3.3) (2.8) (3.2) (3.5) (2.8) (3.2) (2.4) (2.6) (2.8) (2.7) (3.9) (3.2) (2.3) (4.1) (3.0) (2.9) (3.2) (2.3) (3.5) (2.8) (3.1) (3.6) (3.2) (9.0) (2.4) (3.8) (1.3) (0.6) 41.2 27.3 46.9 58.0 23.8 55.2 68.4 28.9 27.3 31.0 27.9 34.7 33.6 18.7 47.4 24.7 33.5 24.4 35.2 43.3 54.5 14.5 17.7 19.8 24.0 61.1 29.6 6.4 40.5 47.7 35.3 34.9 (7.3) (3.0) (4.9) (4.7) (4.6) (5.2) (2.7) (3.0) (3.7) (8.5) (5.1) (3.0) (3.6) (2.8) (8.0) (2.9) (3.2) (2.5) (1.9) (4.3) (3.8) (3.7) (1.7) (3.4) (4.1) (6.5) (7.4) 38.0 42.6 26.3 30.4 21.2 31.7 31.7 41.3 7.7 10.6 53.5 31.9 63.2 42.8 26.6 51.0 6.6 49.3 43.2 39.6 32.5 36.7 28.2 9.0 9.0 13.1 41.7 S.E. Mean score (0.7) (1.0) (0.9) (0.7) (0.8) (1.1) (0.8) (1.0) (0.9) (1.2) (1.2) (0.8) (1.0) (0.5) (1.0) (1.2) (0.7) (0.8) (1.1) (1.0) (1.0) (0.6) (1.0) (0.7) (1.0) (0.9) (0.8) (0.8) (0.8) (1.5) (0.5) (0.2) 551 530 541 549 535 516 574 534 545 500 547 521 535 492 557 549 519 439 549 559 504 555 518 531 521 516 536 492 538 514 524 529 (1.5) (1.3) (0.9) (1.7) (1.3) (1.5) (0.7) (0.9) (0.7) (1.1) (1.2) (1.2) (1.0) (1.0) (2.3) (1.2) (0.4) (0.7) (0.5) (1.4) (1.2) (0.9) (0.7) (0.5) (0.7) (1.3) (1.0) 423 390 420 483 493 413 508 548 573 417 482 451 332 507 548 508 519 423 361 432 499 450 564 597 490 413 457 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 138 Science Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Reading S.E. Mean score (2.7) (4.6) (2.6) (2.2) (5.5) (3.6) (2.3) (4.7) (4.7) (4.2) (3.9) (2.8) (3.9) (3.6) (3.5) (6.2) (2.7) (4.0) (3.5) (3.3) (3.3) (4.0) (4.4) (4.8) (3.8) (2.5) (4.1) (15.3) (2.9) (5.1) (1.9) (0.9) 534 510 529 542 500 511 558 520 522 485 525 514 542 483 521 581 511 444 526 546 499 565 520 509 487 519 522 500 517 m 516 519 (6.0) (3.2) (4.9) (8.7) (5.0) (4.6) (2.9) (3.1) (8.8) (8.9) (4.4) (4.6) (3.0) (3.7) (11.0) (3.6) (5.5) (1.8) (1.4) (6.6) (4.6) (3.3) (2.9) (4.2) (6.2) (9.2) (3.1) 402 366 420 450 500 415 489 515 555 411 464 427 300 496 533 491 501 403 326 403 460 416 530 549 483 400 445 Mathematics S.E. Mean score S.E. (2.4) (4.9) (3.1) (2.6) (6.1) (3.7) (2.3) (5.0) (5.5) (4.9) (4.1) (3.3) (4.0) (4.2) (3.9) (5.4) (2.8) (4.3) (3.7) (3.5) (3.6) (4.8) (4.8) (5.0) (3.9) (3.5) (4.1) (14.6) (2.8) m (1.2) (0.9) 539 521 551 539 539 529 558 529 536 487 537 534 525 478 548 579 516 436 554 545 505 548 509 532 509 515 550 507 512 496 513 525 (2.8) (4.2) (2.7) (2.1) (5.7) (3.1) (2.4) (4.7) (5.2) (4.4) (4.6) (3.1) (3.6) (3.7) (3.5) (7.5) (2.6) (3.9) (3.0) (3.2) (2.9) (3.9) (4.7) (5.5) (4.1) (2.5) (3.8) (17.1) (2.7) (4.7) (1.8) (0.9) (7.8) (3.9) (5.8) (8.9) (7.1) (6.2) (3.3) (3.3) (7.8) (9.5) (5.3) (5.6) (3.8) (4.5) (10.0) (3.8) (6.3) (2.0) (2.1) (6.9) (5.3) (3.6) (2.4) (4.2) (5.8) (11.3) (4.4) 409 476 401 457 464 397 478 532 574 417 471 412 322 505 543 510 522 412 336 428 495 448 547 610 487 406 458 (6.6) (2.4) (5.5) (8.7) (5.2) (4.6) (2.7) (3.2) (9.4) (10.2) (4.7) (4.8) (3.8) (3.7) (10.2) (3.8) (6.0) (2.1) (1.8) (6.3) (5.0) (3.9) (2.9) (4.9) (5.8) (10.6) (3.1) I. Data / données 4 [Part 3/4] Table 4.7b Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of mothers’ education1 Tableau 4.7b Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation de la mère Increased likelihood of students whose mothers have not completed upper secondary education scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Difference in performance between students whose mother completed primary or lower secondary education and students whose mother did not complete primary education Science Reading Mathematics Partners OECD Ratio S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 1.5 2.3 2.1 1.8 2.2 2.0 1.5 2.0 2.6 2.1 2.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.6 2.4 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.7 1.6 1.7 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.5 2.0 (0.06) (0.22) (0.14) (0.11) (0.22) (0.16) (0.12) (0.16) (0.17) (0.15) (0.16) (0.09) (0.12) (0.09) (0.16) (0.11) (0.14) (0.16) (0.12) (0.11) (0.16) (0.12) (0.20) (0.30) (0.11) (0.11) (0.11) (0.25) (0.14) (0.18) (0.08) (0.03) c c 73 c c c c 40 55 c c 31 c c c c 35 32 54 18 c c 31 c 41 c 31 22 c c 41 39 c c (7.9) c c c c (7.7) (9.2) c c (8.8) c c c c (5.8) (3.3) (8.9) (9.8) c c (3.7) c (4.8) c (7.6) (4.2) c c (2.4) (2.1) c c 84 c c c c 28 51 c c 21 c c c c 30 38 51 32 c c 37 c 35 c 25 24 c m 44 38 c c (9.8) c c c c (8.1) (11.6) c c (8.9) c c c c (5.5) (4.8) (10.1) (9.5) c c (4.3) c (4.7) c (7.8) (5.8) c m (3.0) (2.3) c c 72 c c c c 38 44 c c 33 c c c c 28 34 52 23 c c 30 c 37 c 32 29 c c 39 38 c c (8.6) c c c c (8.3) (9.0) c c (9.4) c c c c (5.9) (4.0) (8.3) (9.0) c c (3.9) c (5.3) c (8.5) (6.1) c c (2.8) (2.1) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 2.1 1.4 1.8 2.7 2.4 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.9 2.2 2.2 1.1 1.8 1.1 2.2 1.7 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.4 2.1 (0.21) (0.14) (0.12) (0.28) (0.23) (0.16) (0.13) (0.23) (0.13) (0.18) (0.16) (0.13) (0.18) (0.22) (0.57) (0.28) (0.09) (0.13) (0.06) (0.31) (0.27) (0.16) (0.10) (0.12) (0.20) (0.15) (0.17) 40 c 27 c 6 10 c c 18 9 22 22 c c c c 8 c 5 c c c c c 8 6 31 (8.1) c (4.2) c (5.4) (4.8) c c (7.1) (3.6) (9.3) (5.0) c c c c (3.6) c (3.7) c c c c c (6.0) (4.0) (5.7) 25 c 24 c 7 11 c c 11 11 49 35 c c c c 5 c 9 c c c c c 6 19 31 (10.5) c (6.3) c (6.5) (8.3) c c (6.3) (4.2) (12.0) (5.8) c c c c (3.7) c (5.4) c c c c c (8.4) (5.5) (7.4) 38 c 36 c 3 8 c c 13 12 22 29 c c c c 12 c 5 c c c c c 12 11 42 (8.0) c (4.7) c (5.1) (6.2) c c (6.6) (4.7) (10.0) (5.1) c c c c (4.0) c (5.1) c c c c c (5.5) (4.2) (6.8) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 139 4 I. Data / données [Part 4/4] Table 4.7b Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of mothers’ education1 Tableau 4.7b Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation de la mère Difference in performance between students whose mother completed upper secondary education and students whose mother completed primary or lower secondary education Science Reading Difference in performance between students whose mother completed tertiary education and students whose mother completed upper secondary education Mathematics Science Reading Mathematics Partners OECD Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 14 57 24 30 62 31 5 39 60 45 57 22 29 39 42 23 33 40 21 31 30 48 22 89 22 33 53 44 40 52 60 38 (2.5) (9.9) (6.0) (4.2) (9.6) (5.0) (5.0) (5.2) (6.2) (4.0) (4.3) (4.3) (4.4) (2.8) (6.6) (5.2) (4.7) (4.6) (4.6) (5.1) (7.6) (4.3) (4.0) (13.6) (3.2) (5.2) (3.0) (6.4) (6.9) (5.9) (1.8) (1.1) 10 48 25 29 55 26 2 36 76 46 52 13 26 40 41 16 34 40 24 24 28 49 23 90 20 36 44 43 31 m 58 35 (2.5) (11.5) (6.9) (4.7) (14.8) (4.7) (4.8) (5.5) (6.9) (5.2) (6.1) (4.0) (4.3) (3.1) (7.6) (4.7) (4.6) (5.7) (4.9) (4.9) (9.0) (5.4) (5.0) (18.3) (3.2) (5.8) (3.0) (6.8) (5.7) m (1.4) (1.3) 11 52 28 22 84 24 9 37 55 42 57 21 31 34 37 25 23 44 14 19 34 47 23 103 21 29 47 47 21 46 56 36 (2.3) (9.6) (7.8) (4.0) (8.4) (4.6) (4.7) (5.1) (6.2) (4.1) (5.3) (4.0) (3.8) (2.9) (5.8) (5.2) (4.1) (4.3) (5.0) (4.7) (7.3) (4.1) (3.9) (18.0) (3.1) (6.2) (3.0) (7.5) (5.3) (4.6) (1.8) (1.1) 30 15 36 22 22 28 27 29 12 18 46 30 27 -1 40 29 21 -4 24 25 23 61 24 46 21 11 6 31 17 34 23 25 (2.5) (4.1) (3.3) (2.5) (4.7) (3.7) (3.4) (4.8) (4.3) (4.1) (4.0) (3.5) (3.7) (3.2) (3.6) (5.9) (4.2) (3.9) (4.4) (3.7) (3.4) (3.7) (4.3) (4.7) (4.1) (3.4) (3.4) (11.5) (3.3) (4.5) (1.7) (0.8) 27 18 29 23 16 22 31 22 2 17 46 34 23 -4 35 29 20 -1 15 21 15 60 24 45 15 7 8 15 15 m 14 22 (2.3) (4.6) (3.8) (2.6) (4.8) (3.5) (3.4) (4.9) (4.8) (4.6) (4.0) (3.7) (3.6) (4.1) (3.9) (5.2) (3.8) (4.9) (4.5) (3.6) (4.0) (4.2) (4.6) (4.9) (4.5) (3.5) (3.4) (11.4) (3.3) m (1.3) (0.8) 24 11 33 18 29 22 24 24 17 22 50 29 22 1 40 36 17 -7 24 22 22 56 22 42 18 14 4 43 13 30 19 24 (2.2) (4.0) (3.4) (2.2) (5.0) (3.3) (2.9) (4.9) (4.4) (4.3) (4.3) (3.5) (3.5) (3.3) (3.6) (7.0) (4.0) (3.9) (3.7) (3.3) (3.5) (3.3) (4.6) (5.3) (4.3) (3.3) (3.2) (11.4) (2.9) (3.5) (1.5) (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 39 7 48 75 48 18 31 28 24 36 35 26 19 42 59 c 8 33 12 44 c 51 41 39 26 28 44 (8.3) (5.0) (5.0) (8.2) (4.6) (6.2) (4.0) (8.9) (3.8) (5.8) (6.7) (3.1) (7.9) (10.2) (13.8) c (3.6) (4.4) (3.1) (6.5) c (4.2) (4.6) (3.5) (3.7) (5.8) (5.9) 42 -15 53 80 44 13 33 35 21 38 19 23 22 38 53 c 9 32 15 48 c 60 31 35 24 26 52 (9.8) (7.4) (5.7) (10.8) (5.5) (6.0) (4.6) (9.8) (3.7) (5.9) (7.1) (3.6) (15.2) (15.4) (12.8) c (3.5) (4.6) (4.8) (7.2) c (4.9) (4.5) (3.0) (3.6) (6.5) (8.8) 45 1 51 63 53 33 34 34 26 36 40 25 17 46 46 c 9 38 16 42 c 56 34 41 28 32 53 (7.0) (6.9) (5.2) (9.8) (4.4) (5.6) (4.1) (9.8) (4.2) (6.4) (8.2) (3.3) (9.5) (13.4) (14.2) c (3.9) (4.6) (3.7) (8.1) c (4.9) (4.2) (4.2) (4.1) (6.7) (7.6) 12 12 -5 53 43 19 14 26 16 -2 39 22 21 25 4 38 0 12 12 12 27 8 52 56 54 8 8 (6.7) (3.7) (5.9) (7.4) (5.4) (6.8) (3.0) (3.0) (8.8) (9.2) (4.4) (4.5) (4.2) (3.3) (14.1) (4.1) (6.1) (3.0) (2.3) (5.1) (3.6) (3.3) (4.1) (4.2) (5.2) (6.8) (4.5) 8 23 -13 50 48 29 7 22 6 -10 34 17 35 24 2 37 1 12 11 0 27 7 42 44 52 -3 8 (8.9) (4.3) (7.5) (7.8) (6.2) (8.9) (3.3) (3.4) (7.9) (9.7) (5.2) (5.1) (4.5) (4.5) (13.3) (4.2) (7.0) (3.3) (3.3) (6.2) (4.0) (3.6) (3.4) (4.2) (4.8) (9.0) (6.4) 3 0 -7 50 39 11 8 27 11 -1 40 19 25 29 -1 44 -13 15 22 10 27 6 49 50 52 20 6 (6.4) (3.0) (6.1) (7.0) (5.2) (6.7) (2.9) (3.0) (9.2) (10.1) (4.6) (4.0) (3.8) (3.0) (14.1) (4.1) (6.6) (3.5) (2.7) (5.1) (3.9) (3.5) (3.6) (4.9) (5.2) (8.2) (6.9) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 140 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/4] Table 4.7c Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of fathers’ education1 Tableau 4.7c Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation du père Fathers without completed primary education (ISCED Level 0) Fathers with completed primary or lower secondary education (ISCED Levels 1 or 2) Performance Science Partners OECD % of students Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 2.3 1.5 3.5 1.1 1.0 1.6 2.2 4.9 3.6 1.4 1.1 3.1 1.5 1.3 0.0 1.5 11.0 16.0 2.7 4.1 1.3 0.4 31.0 1.0 9.5 2.5 3.7 5.5 2.4 2.6 4.1 4.2 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 13.4 2.6 18.2 1.1 9.6 18.0 0.6 0.6 8.6 10.6 3.5 7.8 1.7 0.8 2.1 0.9 12.1 1.0 7.9 1.4 0.2 0.5 0.8 1.1 8.5 10.1 8.9 S.E. Mean score (0.2) (0.2) (0.3) (0.1) (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.4) (0.4) (0.2) (0.2) (0.3) (0.2) (0.1) c (0.2) (0.4) (0.9) (0.4) (0.3) (0.2) (0.1) (1.1) (0.2) (0.6) (0.3) (0.3) (0.5) (0.2) (0.4) (0.1) (0.1) c c 426 c c c c 428 421 c c 441 c c c c 420 372 c 468 c c 450 c 449 c 441 390 c c 408 428 (0.9) (0.3) (0.6) (0.2) (0.8) (1.3) (0.1) (0.1) (0.4) (0.8) (0.4) (0.7) (0.2) (0.1) (0.8) (0.1) (0.6) (0.2) (0.3) (0.3) (0.1) (0.1) (0.2) (0.2) (0.7) (0.8) (0.5) 336 c 349 c 394 367 c c 523 369 405 376 c c c c 494 c 324 c c c c c 406 363 381 Reading S.E. Mean score c c (7.5) c c c c (9.8) (8.2) c c (8.1) c c c c (4.1) (3.8) c (8.5) c c (3.6) c (5.0) c (6.0) (5.3) c c (2.6) (2.0) c c 406 c c c c 434 398 c c 444 c c c c 419 363 c 460 c c 444 c 425 c 436 410 c m 399 422 (6.3) c (3.2) c (5.3) (4.6) c c (5.2) (6.0) (11.2) (5.5) c c c c (3.7) c (3.1) c c c c c (6.5) (4.3) (5.0) 327 c 347 c 396 354 c c 518 369 384 348 c c c c 482 c 283 c c c c c 399 353 355 Performance Mathematics S.E. Mean score c c (9.5) c c c c (10.3) (10.0) c c (9.2) c c c c (5.0) (5.9) c (8.8) c c (4.7) c (4.9) c (6.1) (8.5) c m (3.6) (2.4) c c 437 c c c c 428 429 c c 451 c c c c 441 367 c 469 c c 441 c 440 c 466 387 c c 405 432 (8.7) c (5.6) c (6.3) (8.0) c c (4.9) (6.3) (12.5) (7.8) c c c c (4.3) c (4.1) c c c c c (9.1) (5.3) (7.1) 321 c 320 c 369 343 c c 528 364 390 335 c c c c 507 c 280 c c c c c 399 331 376 Science S.E. % of students c c (7.3) c c c c (9.3) (10.3) c c (7.1) c c c c (3.9) (5.7) c (8.1) c c (3.8) c (4.5) c (6.6) (7.6) c c (3.4) (2.1) 20.1 6.7 10.5 9.0 2.6 13.3 15.9 21.6 17.0 29.1 9.9 14.5 24.3 39.8 7.0 11.5 15.1 45.0 16.3 12.2 7.1 8.2 31.5 3.4 37.8 18.4 22.3 56.9 11.7 9.6 19.5 18.3 (7.7) c (3.8) c (6.4) (7.7) c c (5.6) (6.6) (10.3) (5.4) c c c c (4.3) c (3.9) c c c c c (6.0) (4.7) (5.3) 33.6 4.5 41.4 9.6 28.4 34.8 10.0 6.7 47.0 48.1 8.5 25.1 3.1 5.2 24.1 1.9 55.0 5.5 13.1 10.1 3.5 10.9 11.5 29.6 60.9 41.2 40.3 S.E. Mean score (0.6) (0.6) (0.4) (0.4) (0.3) (0.7) (0.7) (0.9) (0.6) (1.1) (0.7) (0.6) (0.9) (0.6) (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (1.0) (0.6) (0.6) (0.4) (0.5) (0.9) (0.6) (1.0) (0.7) (0.6) (1.5) (0.5) (0.6) (0.3) (0.1) 505 457 491 506 c 461 557 476 473 437 450 464 484 456 479 497 463 398 502 505 474 457 472 395 476 489 474 406 494 433 442 470 (1.5) (0.5) (0.9) (0.8) (1.4) (1.3) (0.5) (0.5) (1.3) (2.0) (0.5) (0.8) (0.4) (0.5) (2.5) (0.2) (0.9) (0.4) (0.4) (0.8) (0.3) (0.7) (0.5) (1.1) (1.1) (1.4) (0.9) 382 366 381 360 405 372 454 516 529 381 414 400 301 469 483 c 510 372 332 374 439 394 472 501 407 373 410 Click Here To View The Agreement. Reading S.E. Mean score (2.7) (13.7) (4.2) (3.9) c (4.9) (3.8) (4.5) (5.4) (4.2) (4.6) (4.4) (4.7) (2.5) (6.6) (5.6) (3.9) (2.9) (4.6) (4.8) (5.5) (4.0) (3.3) (15.3) (2.5) (3.5) (3.7) (2.4) (4.4) (4.6) (1.3) (1.0) 493 456 487 497 c 463 537 473 449 431 430 459 492 451 446 531 452 400 488 504 479 462 473 369 452 494 467 432 478 m 443 466 (5.7) (5.2) (3.0) (9.0) (3.6) (4.2) (4.9) (5.1) (3.1) (3.9) (7.3) (2.8) (8.8) (8.0) (10.7) c (1.6) (4.8) (2.4) (7.5) (9.0) (4.9) (5.1) (4.6) (1.9) (2.5) (3.4) 366 358 384 320 408 370 435 486 527 378 407 380 258 453 479 c 492 350 288 354 404 351 452 469 404 370 396 Mathematics S.E. Mean score S.E. (2.4) (17.3) (4.8) (4.2) c (4.9) (3.4) (5.4) (6.0) (5.6) (7.0) (4.5) (5.0) (3.3) (7.6) (6.4) (4.1) (3.3) (5.3) (4.8) (5.7) (4.8) (3.8) (22.9) (2.5) (3.9) (3.6) (3.6) (4.3) m (1.4) (1.3) 500 469 505 505 c 484 540 479 468 420 432 488 479 445 482 516 472 394 512 502 478 454 465 374 470 486 496 403 483 426 438 470 (2.5) (12.9) (4.2) (3.3) c (4.3) (3.6) (4.1) (4.7) (4.0) (4.9) (4.5) (3.9) (2.2) (6.3) (6.1) (3.2) (3.1) (4.2) (4.3) (5.6) (4.2) (3.5) (20.8) (2.3) (3.3) (3.8) (2.6) (4.0) (4.6) (1.4) (1.1) (7.1) (7.1) (4.3) (11.7) (4.7) (6.4) (5.4) (6.6) (3.1) (4.3) (7.5) (3.2) (8.7) (8.7) (10.5) c (1.5) (5.6) (3.1) (10.2) (11.5) (5.7) (6.1) (4.1) (2.3) (3.3) (4.6) 375 471 360 348 377 354 428 490 534 377 402 362 279 468 490 c 524 361 298 373 447 384 463 515 402 347 410 (5.5) (4.3) (3.3) (9.4) (3.9) (4.4) (5.3) (6.6) (3.2) (3.9) (8.4) (3.5) (8.7) (11.0) (11.6) c (1.8) (5.4) (2.7) (9.5) (10.6) (5.2) (4.8) (5.6) (2.2) (3.2) (3.5) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 141 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/4] Table 4.7c Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of fathers’ education1 Tableau 4.7c Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation du père Fathers with completed upper secondary education (ISCED Level 3) Fathers with completed tertiary education (ISCED Levels 5 or 6) Performance Science Partners OECD % of students Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 37.3 47.3 40.4 37.5 72.4 42.3 23.0 42.6 40.5 34.3 65.2 44.9 41.7 39.9 42.3 46.8 37.6 9.7 37.8 47.8 40.5 79.9 21.2 75.2 25.9 28.2 29.5 23.0 47.7 43.2 39.6 41.5 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 19.9 40.6 13.8 64.9 38.0 13.0 56.6 57.8 33.5 26.8 30.8 27.0 30.2 61.2 28.5 59.7 25.7 42.3 26.7 51.0 68.9 49.8 63.9 54.8 20.4 27.2 10.8 S.E. Mean score (0.6) (1.0) (0.7) (0.7) (0.8) (1.0) (0.6) (1.1) (0.8) (0.9) (1.1) (0.9) (0.9) (0.6) (1.1) (1.2) (0.7) (0.5) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (0.8) (0.7) (1.0) (0.6) (0.8) (0.7) (1.0) (0.9) (1.2) (0.4) (0.2) 522 514 510 532 512 491 555 503 528 479 499 492 509 492 515 514 492 435 520 536 481 496 497 483 496 513 519 441 523 481 498 503 (0.9) (1.4) (0.6) (1.3) (1.2) (0.8) (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (1.9) (0.7) (0.8) (1.0) (1.1) (2.3) (1.2) (0.8) (0.8) (0.5) (1.3) (1.0) (0.7) (0.7) (0.9) (0.7) (1.0) (0.6) 404 376 424 431 447 393 496 529 556 411 444 417 311 488 526 477 522 407 337 421 471 438 514 537 438 394 448 Reading S.E. Mean score (2.3) (3.9) (2.9) (2.3) (3.4) (3.4) (2.9) (3.7) (3.0) (3.4) (2.7) (2.4) (3.0) (2.4) (4.5) (3.3) (2.3) (2.6) (3.1) (3.0) (3.5) (2.3) (4.1) (2.7) (2.9) (3.7) (3.0) (5.1) (2.6) (3.8) (1.4) (0.6) 508 492 505 523 483 492 537 495 518 468 478 487 520 484 483 549 485 439 505 526 482 507 496 462 471 514 506 462 502 m 498 496 (8.2) (3.7) (4.5) (5.1) (4.4) (6.1) (2.8) (2.9) (3.2) (9.0) (4.2) (3.3) (3.8) (2.9) (7.4) (2.7) (2.5) (2.0) (2.1) (4.7) (3.8) (3.2) (1.7) (3.4) (3.5) (4.1) (5.1) 382 341 430 399 453 399 481 502 546 414 435 399 264 480 510 460 499 387 303 400 433 403 490 500 434 387 436 Performance Mathematics S.E. Mean score (2.2) (4.0) (3.3) (2.7) (3.7) (3.4) (3.1) (4.9) (3.6) (4.3) (3.3) (2.7) (3.4) (2.8) (4.6) (4.2) (2.4) (3.6) (3.3) (3.3) (4.0) (2.8) (4.8) (3.3) (3.0) (4.7) (2.9) (5.4) (2.4) m (1.0) (0.7) 514 509 523 523 511 510 542 505 515 464 485 503 503 474 506 538 493 434 528 524 485 495 489 488 487 509 537 445 500 467 490 500 (10.5) (4.2) (6.0) (5.8) (5.1) (8.0) (3.2) (3.6) (3.2) (8.2) (5.2) (3.5) (4.8) (3.4) (8.2) (3.1) (3.2) (2.3) (2.7) (4.7) (4.3) (3.9) (1.4) (3.3) (4.1) (5.4) (7.1) 398 476 406 409 422 378 470 513 559 410 433 380 295 483 528 475 539 394 299 415 469 440 500 556 440 374 450 S.E. % of students (2.2) (3.9) (3.2) (2.3) (3.4) (2.8) (3.0) (3.5) (3.2) (3.1) (2.6) (2.5) (2.8) (2.9) (4.4) (3.4) (2.3) (2.8) (3.0) (2.6) (3.5) (2.4) (3.9) (2.7) (2.7) (3.6) (3.3) (6.3) (2.4) (3.6) (1.3) (0.6) 40.4 44.6 45.7 52.4 24.0 42.9 58.9 30.9 38.8 35.2 23.9 37.5 32.4 19.0 50.7 40.2 36.2 29.3 43.3 35.9 51.1 11.5 16.3 20.4 26.8 50.9 44.4 14.6 38.2 44.6 36.8 36.0 (8.4) (2.9) (4.4) (4.9) (4.5) (5.9) (2.7) (2.9) (3.4) (8.8) (5.1) (3.1) (3.7) (3.1) (7.6) (3.1) (3.2) (2.4) (2.4) (4.5) (4.1) (3.6) (1.6) (3.8) (4.2) (5.2) (7.1) 33.1 52.3 26.5 24.4 24.0 34.1 32.8 34.9 10.8 14.4 57.2 40.1 65.0 32.7 45.3 37.5 7.2 51.1 52.3 37.5 27.4 38.8 23.8 14.5 10.2 21.5 40.0 S.E. Mean score (0.8) (1.0) (0.9) (0.7) (0.8) (1.3) (0.9) (1.3) (1.0) (1.3) (1.1) (0.7) (1.2) (0.6) (1.2) (1.3) (0.7) (0.9) (1.2) (1.0) (1.1) (0.7) (1.0) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) (1.2) (0.9) (1.5) (0.5) (0.2) 556 521 537 550 537 523 573 536 548 502 550 512 537 495 561 544 523 441 551 565 506 559 512 535 522 515 537 480 546 520 527 530 (1.7) (1.3) (0.8) (1.5) (1.6) (1.2) (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (1.1) (0.9) (1.2) (1.1) (1.0) (2.6) (1.2) (0.4) (0.8) (0.6) (1.6) (1.1) (0.9) (0.7) (0.6) (0.7) (1.6) (1.0) 424 391 422 483 489 415 505 543 576 421 479 452 329 502 552 513 514 422 367 431 506 448 564 590 486 412 457 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 142 Science Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Reading S.E. Mean score (2.8) (3.9) (2.7) (2.2) (5.1) (4.0) (2.5) (5.0) (3.6) (3.7) (4.4) (2.6) (4.1) (3.6) (3.1) (4.9) (2.7) (4.0) (3.0) (3.6) (3.0) (5.3) (4.8) (4.7) (3.4) (2.9) (3.8) (10.9) (3.6) (5.3) (1.7) (0.8) 541 499 527 544 504 517 558 522 525 480 526 503 545 487 528 574 516 444 530 555 503 566 514 512 486 520 523 499 525 m 518 520 (6.7) (3.1) (5.4) (9.1) (5.2) (4.6) (3.4) (3.4) (7.3) (7.7) (4.3) (3.9) (2.9) (4.7) (6.4) (4.1) (5.6) (1.7) (1.4) (5.8) (4.9) (3.4) (3.2) (4.2) (6.0) (6.5) (3.4) 408 365 423 455 492 414 487 505 565 419 460 430 295 496 539 495 497 403 333 405 463 415 536 546 477 408 443 Mathematics S.E. Mean score S.E. (2.5) (4.1) (3.3) (2.6) (5.8) (4.0) (2.6) (5.0) (4.2) (4.7) (4.7) (2.7) (4.1) (4.1) (3.6) (4.5) (2.6) (4.3) (3.5) (3.8) (3.0) (5.4) (5.2) (5.0) (3.7) (3.7) (3.7) (9.7) (3.5) m (1.2) (0.8) 548 513 548 541 535 535 558 533 534 490 541 526 526 482 551 573 521 437 552 556 507 548 503 540 510 514 553 487 521 502 517 526 (3.0) (3.9) (3.0) (2.2) (5.4) (3.6) (2.6) (4.9) (4.0) (3.7) (5.0) (2.6) (3.5) (3.8) (3.2) (6.0) (2.5) (3.9) (2.9) (3.4) (2.6) (4.7) (4.9) (5.0) (3.6) (2.9) (3.6) (13.6) (3.3) (4.9) (1.6) (0.8) (8.2) (3.4) (6.0) (9.6) (6.7) (6.5) (3.5) (3.5) (6.8) (8.5) (5.2) (4.5) (3.6) (5.7) (6.1) (4.2) (5.8) (1.9) (1.8) (6.3) (5.8) (3.9) (2.6) (4.0) (6.7) (8.0) (4.3) 410 477 403 459 459 399 479 528 585 421 466 414 320 504 552 514 522 410 340 429 499 447 546 606 479 409 455 (7.5) (2.5) (6.0) (9.5) (5.3) (4.9) (3.2) (3.3) (8.0) (8.8) (4.7) (4.3) (3.6) (4.7) (6.2) (4.0) (5.7) (2.0) (1.7) (5.9) (5.1) (4.0) (3.2) (4.9) (5.9) (7.8) (3.4) I. Data / données 4 [Part 3/4] Table 4.7c Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of fathers’ education1 Tableau 4.7c Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation du père Increased likelihood of students whose fathers have not completed upper secondary education scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Difference in performance between students whose father completed primary or lower secondary education and students whose father did not complete primary education Science Reading Mathematics Partners OECD Ratio S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 1.6 2.2 1.8 1.7 2.1 1.8 1.3 1.8 2.5 2.1 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.7 2.0 1.6 2.4 2.1 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.8 1.6 1.4 2.0 1.8 1.6 2.0 2.4 1.9 (0.06) (0.25) (0.10) (0.08) (0.23) (0.13) (0.08) (0.15) (0.16) (0.17) (0.16) (0.12) (0.11) (0.08) (0.15) (0.13) (0.14) (0.18) (0.14) (0.11) (0.16) (0.11) (0.17) (0.33) (0.12) (0.12) (0.11) (0.19) (0.10) (0.14) (0.07) (0.03) c c 66 c c c c 49 51 c c 23 c c c c 43 25 c 37 c c 22 c 27 c 33 16 c c 34 36 c c (8.0) c c c c (9.5) (7.6) c c (8.5) c c c c (5.8) (3.6) c (10.8) c c (3.4) c (4.6) c (6.6) (5.2) c c (2.6) (2.1) c c 82 c c c c 39 51 c c 15 c c c c 33 37 c 44 c c 29 c 27 c 31 21 c m 44 37 c c (10.0) c c c c (10.4) (9.7) c c (9.0) c c c c (6.7) (5.5) c (10.3) c c (4.0) c (4.8) c (6.4) (8.2) c m (3.3) (2.4) c c 68 c c c c 51 40 c c 37 c c c c 32 26 c 33 c c 24 c 30 c 30 16 c c 33 35 c c (7.8) c c c c (9.6) (9.3) c c (9.0) c c c c (5.3) (5.3) c (9.8) c c (3.7) c (4.5) c (6.8) (7.4) c c (3.3) (2.2) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 1.8 1.5 1.8 2.4 2.2 1.7 1.8 1.1 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 2.3 1.4 1.2 1.8 1.2 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.4 2.1 (0.17) (0.18) (0.12) (0.23) (0.19) (0.18) (0.13) (0.14) (0.14) (0.19) (0.16) (0.11) (0.16) (0.19) (0.51) (0.19) (0.08) (0.18) (0.08) (0.26) (0.20) (0.13) (0.16) (0.13) (0.20) (0.11) (0.16) 46 c 32 c 11 5 c c 7 12 9 24 c c c c 16 c 8 c c c c c 1 10 29 (6.6) c (3.8) c (5.2) (4.2) c c (5.9) (3.9) (12.2) (5.6) c c c c (4.3) c (4.2) c c c c c (6.6) (4.5) (5.5) 39 c 37 c 13 16 c c 9 10 23 32 c c c c 10 c 5 c c c c c 4 17 41 (9.1) c (5.4) c (5.8) (7.8) c c (5.1) (4.3) (14.0) (8.0) c c c c (4.3) c (5.5) c c c c c (9.0) (5.1) (7.5) 54 c 40 c 9 12 c c 6 14 12 27 c c c c 17 c 18 c c c c c 3 16 34 (7.0) c (4.1) c (5.1) (5.8) c c (6.2) (5.0) (12.1) (5.2) c c c c (4.8) c (5.4) c c c c c (6.5) (5.1) (6.2) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 143 4 I. Data / données [Part 4/4] Table 4.7c Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of fathers’ education1 Tableau 4.7c Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le niveau de formation du père Difference in performance between students whose father completed upper secondary education and students whose father completed primary or lower secondary education Science Reading Difference in performance between students whose father completed tertiary education and students whose father completed upper secondary education Mathematics Science Reading Mathematics Partners OECD Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 17 57 19 26 c 31 -2 27 55 42 49 28 25 36 36 17 29 37 18 31 8 39 25 88 19 24 45 35 29 c 56 32 (2.9) (12.8) (4.7) (4.0) c (5.4) (4.5) (4.9) (4.9) (3.9) (4.9) (5.1) (4.1) (2.8) (5.9) (5.4) (4.6) (3.7) (5.2) (5.2) (5.8) (3.8) (4.3) (15.9) (3.1) (5.5) (3.4) (4.8) (4.2) c (1.9) (1.1) 15 37 17 26 c 29 0 22 69 37 48 28 28 32 37 18 33 39 17 22 3 44 23 92 19 20 39 30 23 m 55 30 (2.7) (16.1) (4.9) (4.2) c (5.1) (3.9) (5.2) (5.4) (5.3) (7.3) (5.0) (4.5) (3.0) (6.6) (5.1) (4.8) (5.0) (5.6) (4.7) (6.6) (4.7) (4.8) (23.4) (3.3) (5.1) (3.4) (4.9) (4.0) m (1.6) (1.4) 14 40 18 18 c 26 3 26 47 44 53 15 25 29 24 22 21 40 16 22 7 40 25 114 17 23 41 42 17 c 52 30 (2.7) (12.4) (4.4) (3.4) c (4.9) (4.0) (4.7) (4.4) (4.1) (5.1) (5.1) (3.4) (2.5) (5.4) (5.4) (3.9) (3.8) (4.5) (4.6) (5.6) (3.8) (4.0) (21.4) (3.1) (4.8) (3.8) (5.3) (3.5) c (1.8) (1.2) 34 7 27 18 25 31 18 33 20 23 51 20 28 3 46 30 31 6 31 29 25 63 16 52 26 2 18 39 24 38 29 27 (2.9) (3.1) (2.9) (2.5) (4.4) (4.5) (3.5) (5.5) (3.3) (3.8) (4.6) (3.3) (4.1) (3.5) (4.2) (5.2) (3.9) (3.8) (3.5) (3.5) (3.7) (5.2) (4.6) (4.6) (3.2) (3.6) (3.5) (8.7) (4.4) (4.6) (1.6) (0.8) 33 6 22 21 21 25 21 27 7 12 48 17 25 3 45 25 30 5 25 29 21 60 18 50 15 7 17 37 23 m 20 24 (2.8) (3.9) (3.2) (2.7) (4.5) (4.6) (3.6) (5.4) (3.8) (5.1) (4.7) (3.4) (3.6) (4.3) (4.7) (4.9) (3.6) (4.3) (4.2) (3.4) (3.9) (4.9) (5.0) (5.2) (4.1) (3.9) (3.0) (7.9) (3.9) m (1.4) (0.8) 34 4 26 18 24 25 16 28 19 26 56 23 22 7 45 35 28 3 24 32 22 53 14 52 23 5 16 42 21 35 27 26 (2.9) (3.7) (2.9) (2.4) (4.6) (3.9) (3.1) (5.3) (3.3) (3.9) (4.8) (3.0) (3.8) (3.7) (4.4) (6.2) (3.6) (3.5) (3.4) (3.3) (3.6) (4.4) (4.7) (4.7) (3.1) (3.5) (3.5) (10.6) (3.9) (3.8) (1.4) (0.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 22 10 43 71 42 21 42 13 26 31 30 17 10 19 43 c 13 35 5 47 32 44 42 35 31 21 38 (6.9) (5.7) (4.6) (8.4) (4.3) (5.8) (4.4) (4.4) (4.1) (6.9) (7.3) (3.7) (8.3) (8.1) (13.5) c (3.1) (5.1) (3.1) (7.0) (8.5) (4.8) (5.9) (4.3) (3.4) (4.5) (5.1) 16 -17 46 79 44 29 46 16 19 36 29 18 6 27 31 c 7 37 15 46 29 52 38 32 30 17 39 (10.1) (6.3) (4.9) (10.5) (5.4) (9.1) (4.6) (5.7) (3.9) (5.9) (7.3) (3.9) (8.2) (9.4) (14.6) c (3.7) (6.1) (4.1) (9.1) (10.6) (5.8) (6.6) (3.5) (3.7) (5.3) (7.7) 23 5 46 61 44 23 42 23 25 33 32 17 15 15 38 c 15 33 1 42 22 56 38 42 38 27 40 (6.6) (4.5) (4.6) (8.9) (4.2) (6.3) (4.9) (5.8) (4.2) (7.2) (7.7) (3.5) (8.9) (11.5) (14.0) c (3.5) (5.7) (3.8) (8.9) (10.6) (4.9) (5.5) (5.4) (4.1) (5.4) (7.5) 20 14 -2 52 42 22 9 14 21 10 35 35 18 14 26 36 -9 14 29 10 35 10 50 54 48 18 9 (7.5) (3.7) (5.6) (7.5) (5.3) (5.3) (3.6) (3.9) (7.4) (8.4) (4.3) (4.3) (3.9) (4.6) (9.6) (4.0) (6.1) (2.9) (2.7) (5.4) (4.8) (3.0) (3.8) (4.2) (5.3) (5.1) (5.3) 27 25 -7 56 40 15 5 3 19 5 24 31 31 16 28 35 -2 16 30 5 30 12 47 46 43 21 7 (9.4) (4.2) (6.8) (8.6) (6.4) (7.5) (3.7) (4.1) (7.0) (7.8) (4.7) (4.6) (5.0) (5.3) (9.7) (4.1) (6.8) (3.2) (3.4) (5.4) (4.9) (3.5) (3.3) (3.7) (5.9) (6.3) (6.8) 12 1 -3 49 38 21 9 15 26 11 32 34 26 21 24 39 -17 16 41 13 30 7 46 50 38 35 5 (7.7) (2.7) (6.3) (7.6) (5.4) (6.3) (3.5) (3.4) (7.8) (8.7) (4.0) (3.9) (3.7) (4.6) (9.2) (3.7) (6.9) (3.2) (3.0) (5.5) (5.0) (3.3) (3.7) (4.8) (5.4) (6.1) (6.8) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 144 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/2] Table 4.8a Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by occupational status of parents1 Tableau 4.8a Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le type de profession exercée par les parents Blue-collar low-skill parents White-collar high-skill parents Performance Science Partners OECD % of students Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 6.2 7.3 9.0 5.6 6.9 6.6 5.2 6.9 8.1 10.6 7.0 2.8 6.4 13.1 3.4 5.0 10.4 21.0 6.4 5.4 3.1 5.3 12.6 9.6 10.4 5.1 5.7 12.8 5.3 6.5 8.3 7.7 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 11.7 14.1 32.7 12.6 24.6 20.1 6.8 8.7 15.7 25.6 6.5 14.4 10.9 7.1 8.1 11.2 18.9 11.6 m 24.6 9.9 8.7 7.6 10.2 15.7 37.3 17.0 S.E. Mean score (0.3) (0.5) (0.4) (0.3) (0.5) (0.5) (0.4) (0.5) (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (0.2) (0.4) (0.5) (0.3) (0.3) (0.4) (0.7) (0.4) (0.5) (0.3) (0.3) (0.6) (0.6) (0.5) (0.4) (0.3) (0.6) (0.4) (0.5) (0.2) (0.1) 473 444 453 492 460 448 526 433 454 434 458 c 470 446 496 508 428 393 456 462 439 468 438 439 463 461 453 402 450 429 433 454 (0.9) (1.1) (1.1) (0.8) (1.3) (1.2) (0.4) (0.6) (0.7) (1.6) (0.5) (0.6) (0.6) (0.6) (1.3) (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) m (0.9) (0.7) (0.6) (0.4) (0.5) (0.9) (1.9) (0.7) 361 375 362 385 402 369 453 494 518 385 409 398 295 464 436 449 503 386 m 388 447 394 478 506 403 363 390 Reading S.E. Mean score (3.8) (7.8) (4.6) (4.3) (6.2) (5.6) (6.0) (6.7) (6.2) (5.3) (6.0) c (8.2) (3.4) (8.2) (7.5) (3.7) (2.8) (7.5) (7.0) (9.8) (6.3) (5.3) (5.9) (3.3) (6.7) (6.5) (4.1) (5.1) (6.9) (2.0) (1.1) 464 423 441 488 431 453 510 430 430 418 436 c 482 439 462 544 423 394 443 454 427 478 428 421 440 461 452 428 442 m 431 448 (8.8) (4.6) (3.4) (6.9) (4.5) (4.9) (6.3) (5.9) (4.5) (4.5) (7.7) (4.4) (5.3) (8.1) (20.1) (5.7) (2.5) (3.5) m (6.1) (6.0) (5.2) (4.6) (5.4) (3.5) (2.5) (4.1) 345 339 362 348 405 365 442 456 516 383 394 380 255 450 429 429 486 366 m 365 405 353 460 471 401 356 369 Performance Mathematics S.E. Mean score (3.6) (8.9) (5.9) (5.2) (7.5) (5.5) (5.6) (6.7) (7.7) (7.3) (6.9) c (7.9) (3.6) (8.8) (7.1) (4.4) (2.9) (9.0) (8.4) (11.3) (6.6) (7.2) (8.2) (4.0) (8.5) (5.8) (4.9) (5.3) m (1.5) (1.3) 472 440 461 493 450 471 511 439 443 419 445 c 467 434 489 530 437 389 472 468 441 466 429 441 454 464 477 399 440 427 430 454 (10.2) (4.1) (6.3) (9.5) (5.9) (7.0) (6.5) (6.1) (4.3) (4.6) (8.2) (4.8) (5.3) (7.7) (19.2) (5.5) (2.9) (4.0) m (6.5) (6.9) (5.7) (4.7) (4.8) (3.4) (3.5) (7.3) 355 475 339 368 375 350 428 476 524 381 396 363 287 460 450 446 518 372 m 384 444 391 469 522 399 334 389 Science S.E. % of students (3.5) (8.0) (4.9) (4.6) (6.7) (5.9) (5.7) (6.1) (6.0) (4.9) (5.8) c (6.8) (3.7) (7.6) (8.0) (3.8) (3.5) (8.0) (6.1) (9.3) (6.0) (5.8) (7.6) (3.6) (7.8) (6.5) (4.1) (4.2) (6.7) (2.1) (1.1) 66.3 51.0 55.2 66.6 57.9 59.4 56.5 51.8 51.9 54.0 44.5 69.9 56.1 48.0 41.4 67.7 46.9 32.9 66.6 64.6 73.8 44.3 26.9 47.3 40.0 65.7 58.2 36.1 62.0 64.8 53.6 54.3 (9.1) (3.6) (4.4) (6.6) (5.5) (4.2) (6.6) (6.0) (4.9) (4.7) (9.0) (4.4) (4.8) (6.1) (19.3) (6.1) (2.7) (3.8) m (5.7) (6.5) (5.1) (5.0) (5.9) (4.3) (3.2) (4.8) 41.6 56.9 43.1 47.8 30.2 39.7 41.7 55.5 35.3 26.2 72.7 65.4 45.6 52.8 65.0 51.5 33.3 49.2 m 29.7 54.6 48.0 50.3 55.1 29.2 33.6 38.6 S.E. Mean score (0.7) (1.1) (1.0) (0.7) (1.1) (1.4) (1.0) (1.5) (1.2) (1.3) (1.2) (0.7) (1.3) (0.7) (0.9) (1.0) (0.7) (1.1) (1.1) (0.9) (1.0) (1.1) (1.2) (1.2) (1.2) (0.8) (1.0) (1.4) (0.8) (1.4) (0.4) (0.2) 547 541 545 552 544 520 579 538 553 499 536 505 531 497 553 530 527 445 549 558 503 528 526 526 522 524 540 449 542 516 523 527 (2.2) (1.4) (1.1) (1.9) (1.7) (1.6) (0.9) (1.1) (1.4) (1.4) (1.0) (1.2) (1.1) (1.3) (2.5) (1.3) (0.8) (0.8) m (1.6) (1.4) (1.3) (0.6) (1.0) (1.0) (2.3) (1.1) 431 392 425 482 493 411 525 554 563 415 481 449 343 513 543 516 519 436 m 461 498 465 552 554 460 419 466 Click Here To View The Agreement. Reading S.E. Mean score (2.2) (3.5) (2.4) (2.0) (4.1) (3.3) (2.4) (3.3) (3.0) (3.2) (3.5) (2.0) (3.1) (2.7) (3.7) (3.7) (1.8) (3.4) (2.2) (2.8) (2.6) (2.7) (3.3) (3.3) (2.8) (2.5) (3.2) (6.8) (2.6) (4.0) (1.3) (0.6) 532 523 536 545 516 515 562 528 534 487 517 497 540 490 522 563 523 449 530 547 502 540 529 504 490 528 526 474 521 m 518 520 (7.1) (2.8) (4.0) (6.5) (4.5) (3.8) (2.9) (2.8) (3.9) (8.6) (3.8) (3.5) (3.6) (3.2) (5.6) (3.5) (2.0) (1.9) m (6.2) (3.9) (2.8) (1.9) (3.1) (3.9) (5.7) (3.1) 418 368 428 454 499 412 508 523 554 418 468 429 313 504 529 499 499 419 m 438 458 433 523 517 456 419 455 Mathematics S.E. Mean score S.E. (2.0) (3.8) (2.7) (2.3) (4.2) (3.5) (2.5) (3.8) (3.6) (3.7) (3.8) (2.3) (3.3) (2.9) (3.9) (4.0) (2.0) (3.6) (2.4) (2.9) (2.7) (3.4) (3.9) (3.9) (2.5) (3.5) (3.0) (6.2) (2.5) m (0.9) (0.6) 537 534 556 542 542 533 564 534 542 485 526 519 522 482 545 556 528 441 552 544 504 524 519 528 511 522 555 454 518 497 513 524 (2.2) (3.7) (2.8) (2.1) (4.1) (2.9) (2.7) (3.5) (3.3) (3.3) (3.8) (2.0) (2.9) (2.9) (3.8) (4.2) (1.9) (3.5) (2.3) (2.6) (2.5) (2.8) (3.4) (3.4) (2.8) (2.4) (3.2) (8.6) (2.5) (3.8) (1.2) (0.6) (8.8) (3.7) (4.7) (6.6) (6.2) (5.0) (2.9) (2.8) (3.5) (8.3) (4.5) (4.0) (4.4) (3.8) (5.1) (3.8) (2.2) (2.1) m (6.2) (4.8) (3.1) (1.7) (2.9) (3.9) (6.6) (4.6) 420 478 404 457 466 395 497 538 569 418 470 411 335 509 543 517 535 425 m 460 494 466 535 572 456 414 466 (6.8) (2.3) (4.4) (6.9) (4.7) (4.7) (3.0) (2.8) (4.3) (8.5) (3.9) (3.9) (4.3) (3.4) (6.0) (3.5) (2.2) (2.3) m (6.3) (4.2) (3.3) (1.9) (3.5) (4.2) (6.5) (3.4) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 145 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/2] Table 4.8a Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by occupational status of parents1 Tableau 4.8a Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le type de profession exercée par les parents Increased likelihood of students, with blue-collar low-skill parents, scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Difference in science performance between students with white-collar high-skill parents and students with blue-collar low-skill parents PISA 2006 PISA 2003 PISA 2000 Partners OECD Ratio S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 2.0 2.3 2.3 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.7 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.9 c 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.3 2.1 1.3 2.4 2.2 1.9 1.5 1.7 2.0 1.5 1.8 2.0 1.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 (0.10) (0.16) (0.12) (0.13) (0.20) (0.16) (0.16) (0.19) (0.17) (0.14) (0.19) c (0.16) (0.08) (0.19) (0.16) (0.14) (0.08) (0.20) (0.17) (0.18) (0.16) (0.14) (0.18) (0.10) (0.19) (0.13) (0.11) (0.14) (0.14) (0.05) (0.03) 74 97 92 60 83 72 53 105 99 65 78 c 60 51 57 22 100 52 93 96 64 60 87 87 59 63 88 48 92 88 89 74 (4.0) (8.0) (4.9) (4.5) (7.0) (6.3) (6.4) (8.1) (6.3) (5.9) (6.7) c (7.9) (3.9) (8.7) (6.9) (4.2) (3.8) (7.8) (7.1) (9.6) (6.7) (6.3) (7.1) (4.2) (7.0) (6.7) (7.7) (5.2) (6.5) (2.1) (1.2) 74 82 98 65 70 65 43 96 112 56 70 c 75 63 64 37 96 34 87 72 c 67 78 83 57 74 95 56 m 72 88 72 (6.0) (5.9) (6.4) (5.1) (8.1) (9.7) (7.5) (9.4) (7.9) (8.0) (8.9) c (8.0) (5.6) (11.2) (6.6) (5.9) (3.8) (8.9) (7.8) c (6.7) (6.9) (7.8) (5.8) (10.7) (8.6) (10.1) m (7.6) (2.4) (1.5) 68 79 104 72 79 85 50 95 114 59 105 22 72 41 16 35 m 45 m 97 73 66 54 a 57 51 113 a m 81 72 69 (10.7) (9.6) (11.2) (5.1) (7.5) (9.0) (11.1) (7.6) (11.2) (8.4) (10.2) (10.1) (7.5) (6.8) (8.6) (6.7) m (6.8) m (11.6) (10.1) (11.2) (7.0) a (7.4) (8.9) (9.8) a m (9.1) (3.4) (1.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 1.6 1.3 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 2.6 1.8 1.2 1.6 m 2.0 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.9 (0.16) (0.18) (0.11) (0.18) (0.11) (0.14) (0.15) (0.13) (0.11) (0.11) (0.18) (0.19) (0.15) (0.18) (0.61) (0.13) (0.07) (0.12) m (0.22) (0.12) (0.17) (0.15) (0.12) (0.11) (0.12) (0.18) 70 16 64 98 91 42 72 59 44 30 73 51 47 48 106 68 16 50 m 73 51 70 75 48 57 56 76 (9.0) (4.0) (4.7) (8.5) (5.2) (4.9) (6.3) (5.6) (5.9) (7.3) (8.2) (5.6) (5.9) (8.1) (21.4) (6.1) (3.2) (4.3) m (9.2) (5.6) (5.4) (5.1) (4.9) (5.1) (6.7) (4.2) a a 76 a a a a a 36 42 a a a 53 113 a -5 a a a 46 a a a 57 51 75 a a (7.6) a a a a a (5.0) (4.8) a a a (7.5) (18.1) a (9.9) a a a (7.8) a a a (6.4) (7.1) (7.4) 86 a 51 64 80 a a a 45 39 62 a a 63 87 a a a a 42 51 a a a 49 a a (11.6) a (8.3) (11.2) (5.3) a a a (7.3) (7.4) (17.6) a a (9.4) (27.9) a a a a (9.1) (8.6) a a a (7.2) a a Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 146 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/3] Table 4.8b International socio-economic index of occupational status (HISEI) and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 4.8b Indice socioéconomique international de statut professionnel (ISEI+) et score des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice International socio-economic index of occupational status (HISEI) All students Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Partners OECD Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 53.0 48.3 49.8 53.5 48.2 49.4 48.8 48.6 49.0 48.3 47.8 53.9 49.0 46.4 50.3 50.0 47.7 41.9 51.5 51.6 53.1 44.4 41.7 47.2 44.8 50.7 49.2 39.6 50.7 52.5 48.8 48.7 (0.28) (0.42) (0.35) (0.28) (0.33) (0.47) (0.38) (0.54) (0.45) (0.51) (0.43) (0.26) (0.51) (0.30) (0.24) (0.31) (0.21) (0.48) (0.38) (0.33) (0.40) (0.33) (0.48) (0.39) (0.45) (0.31) (0.34) (0.55) (0.30) (0.56) (0.17) (0.07) 31.2 28.1 28.7 32.7 31.2 28.1 27.5 27.9 29.0 27.7 29.5 31.7 28.3 27.2 34.2 32.7 26.8 21.9 31.3 30.9 34.3 26.8 25.3 28.5 26.7 30.5 29.1 22.3 30.0 29.9 27.8 29.0 (0.14) (0.20) (0.14) (0.16) (0.15) (0.16) (0.10) (0.16) (0.17) (0.17) (0.17) (0.18) (0.16) (0.11) (0.16) (0.22) (0.18) (0.07) (0.19) (0.17) (0.21) (0.19) (0.17) (0.26) (0.12) (0.16) (0.12) (0.14) (0.12) (0.13) (0.05) (0.03) 47.8 41.3 43.8 49.0 43.4 41.3 41.4 42.5 42.1 41.9 41.9 47.5 42.7 39.8 43.5 47.2 41.4 31.1 46.1 46.5 46.5 38.2 32.6 40.5 34.8 44.8 43.0 30.7 45.5 47.6 42.2 42.2 (0.06) (0.11) (0.14) (0.09) (0.12) (0.14) (0.15) (0.13) (0.13) (0.15) (0.08) (0.13) (0.10) (0.10) (0.05) (0.10) (0.14) (0.12) (0.15) (0.11) (0.11) (0.12) (0.05) (0.12) (0.08) (0.15) (0.11) (0.07) (0.13) (0.13) (0.04) (0.02) 59.9 52.9 54.7 59.3 51.9 56.3 54.8 53.2 53.7 52.6 51.3 61.9 53.5 50.2 50.8 53.3 52.5 45.9 56.7 56.6 58.5 48.7 44.6 50.6 49.4 55.8 54.3 45.3 55.3 59.5 53.8 53.5 (0.09) (0.07) (0.09) (0.12) (0.04) (0.15) (0.10) (0.05) (0.07) (0.07) (0.09) (0.19) (0.09) (0.04) (0.09) (0.07) (0.04) (0.17) (0.19) (0.15) (0.19) (0.11) (0.16) (0.11) (0.10) (0.17) (0.03) (0.13) (0.09) (0.15) (0.03) (0.02) 73.2 70.9 72.2 73.2 66.5 72.0 71.6 71.0 71.4 70.9 68.5 74.6 71.4 68.4 72.6 66.9 70.0 68.8 71.8 72.3 73.2 63.8 64.3 69.4 68.3 71.6 70.6 60.1 71.8 73.1 71.6 70.2 (0.13) (0.28) (0.21) (0.15) (0.28) (0.23) (0.25) (0.23) (0.23) (0.27) (0.30) (0.22) (0.26) (0.25) (0.18) (0.37) (0.25) (0.24) (0.18) (0.21) (0.21) (0.29) (0.46) (0.20) (0.32) (0.21) (0.29) (0.55) (0.17) (0.28) (0.09) (0.05) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 45.7 49.4 41.1 47.4 40.6 42.3 46.6 50.3 42.8 37.6 53.4 51.0 45.7 48.5 51.1 49.7 41.8 49.2 m 43.2 50.7 48.4 49.9 48.5 36.6 38.4 44.1 (0.88) (0.57) (0.46) (0.64) (0.71) (0.54) (0.28) (0.38) (0.38) (0.56) (0.37) (0.49) (0.44) (0.46) (0.83) (0.47) (0.22) (0.26) m (0.59) (0.48) (0.42) (0.22) (0.37) (0.39) (1.00) (0.41) 26.2 27.2 19.2 29.1 21.9 22.3 29.8 29.9 26.9 20.5 31.7 28.3 27.1 28.1 30.6 27.8 26.0 29.9 m 25.2 29.5 29.1 30.3 28.0 21.9 19.4 23.8 (0.21) (0.22) (0.16) (0.16) (0.21) (0.22) (0.18) (0.14) (0.18) (0.24) (0.26) (0.17) (0.18) (0.17) (0.64) (0.12) (0.15) (0.14) m (0.39) (0.15) (0.20) (0.13) (0.10) (0.11) (0.11) (0.20) 37.1 39.9 30.6 38.9 32.0 33.1 39.6 41.7 36.7 28.8 50.0 44.9 37.8 40.7 48.4 41.1 34.9 42.7 m 35.7 42.1 42.5 43.1 42.6 26.3 26.1 34.7 (0.22) (0.27) (0.11) (0.14) (0.07) (0.14) (0.09) (0.13) (0.11) (0.06) (0.09) (0.22) (0.13) (0.16) (0.51) (0.14) (0.10) (0.10) m (0.14) (0.09) (0.06) (0.07) (0.15) (0.12) (0.17) (0.15) 49.7 56.5 49.7 50.8 44.4 47.9 49.4 57.8 47.5 42.1 58.9 58.5 45.0 52.7 55.0 56.7 46.9 52.5 m 45.8 58.5 51.0 54.2 53.3 38.7 42.3 48.9 (0.14) (0.31) (0.12) (0.11) (0.13) (0.14) (0.10) (0.16) (0.12) (0.17) (0.20) (0.23) (0.12) (0.13) (0.03) (0.24) (0.11) (0.09) m (0.16) (0.22) (0.08) (0.15) (0.06) (0.19) (0.25) (0.15) 69.7 74.0 64.8 71.0 64.1 65.9 67.6 71.8 60.1 58.9 72.9 72.4 72.8 72.4 70.8 73.3 59.4 71.9 m 66.1 72.7 71.1 71.9 70.1 59.4 65.6 69.1 (0.39) (0.25) (0.37) (0.25) (0.53) (0.45) (0.25) (0.18) (0.32) (0.49) (0.23) (0.25) (0.27) (0.24) (0.97) (0.24) (0.29) (0.25) m (0.59) (0.17) (0.29) (0.21) (0.16) (0.39) (0.48) (0.34) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 147 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/3] Table 4.8b International socio-economic index of occupational status (HISEI) and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 4.8b Indice socioéconomique international de statut professionnel (ISEI+) et score des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of this index Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 490 466 464 502 469 463 545 448 474 436 469 468 476 442 506 506 429 377 478 487 457 469 440 446 455 467 463 404 472 445 443 464 (2.4) (6.7) (3.5) (2.8) (4.6) (3.5) (3.0) (4.8) (4.7) (4.7) (3.7) (3.5) (4.5) (3.1) (4.7) (3.8) (2.6) (3.8) (3.9) (4.1) (4.8) (3.1) (4.0) (3.9) (2.9) (3.3) (3.5) (3.4) (2.8) (5.6) (1.5) (0.7) 522 496 501 533 501 487 548 482 502 461 490 481 505 468 532 514 471 398 523 526 480 485 454 482 475 497 504 409 508 485 486 491 (2.5) (4.2) (3.1) (2.6) (4.5) (4.1) (2.7) (4.5) (4.2) (4.2) (3.4) (2.9) (3.6) (2.8) (4.3) (4.0) (3.0) (2.7) (3.4) (3.8) (3.7) (3.1) (3.6) (3.3) (2.8) (3.5) (3.1) (4.0) (3.1) (4.4) (1.5) (0.6) 538 532 532 545 530 509 569 515 542 486 517 499 519 486 543 527 512 425 540 552 499 504 487 503 502 515 525 428 531 508 509 514 (2.5) (4.3) (2.8) (2.4) (4.0) (3.5) (3.4) (3.8) (3.7) (3.5) (3.7) (3.6) (3.5) (2.6) (4.1) (4.2) (2.6) (2.8) (3.5) (3.2) (3.2) (2.8) (3.3) (3.9) (2.7) (3.6) (4.1) (4.3) (3.5) (4.0) (1.3) (0.6) 569 554 564 569 564 537 596 559 569 518 552 525 548 512 559 545 540 448 573 578 529 539 521 538 530 547 559 461 568 541 541 544 (3.0) (3.8) (3.0) (2.7) (4.5) (4.5) (3.1) (4.1) (3.5) (3.6) (4.1) (3.9) (3.5) (3.2) (4.2) (5.4) (2.7) (4.1) (2.8) (3.8) (4.1) (3.8) (3.5) (4.1) (3.5) (3.6) (3.9) (8.2) (3.4) (4.7) (1.5) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 355 377 358 381 398 366 459 499 526 381 422 400 299 464 472 454 503 387 m 388 451 401 476 505 401 361 392 (5.3) (4.6) (3.9) (5.8) (4.5) (4.0) (3.5) (4.1) (3.8) (3.6) (5.1) (3.5) (4.8) (4.0) (10.0) (3.3) (2.5) (2.5) m (6.1) (4.2) (4.3) (2.6) (5.0) (3.3) (3.1) (4.0) 381 378 371 425 418 376 484 518 537 368 457 432 318 475 525 475 510 407 m 406 469 422 499 528 405 371 411 (6.7) (2.9) (3.0) (5.5) (4.6) (4.8) (3.3) (2.9) (4.0) (3.9) (5.2) (3.3) (3.7) (4.5) (9.1) (3.5) (3.1) (2.5) m (5.2) (4.3) (3.4) (2.9) (3.6) (3.4) (3.2) (3.8) 410 385 409 456 444 398 504 546 554 417 482 437 329 503 542 510 517 425 m 425 497 451 535 549 428 388 440 (7.0) (3.2) (3.2) (5.6) (4.3) (3.8) (3.3) (3.0) (3.5) (9.5) (5.0) (4.4) (3.0) (3.3) (9.4) (3.5) (2.5) (2.8) m (6.0) (4.3) (3.3) (2.8) (3.6) (3.7) (4.2) (3.9) 442 403 433 500 496 420 535 568 564 416 503 466 357 527 554 525 518 447 m 469 507 476 572 567 462 427 478 (8.3) (3.5) (5.3) (7.7) (4.9) (4.6) (3.3) (4.0) (4.2) (8.4) (5.5) (5.0) (4.5) (4.1) (12.0) (4.2) (2.7) (2.7) m (6.6) (3.8) (3.3) (3.1) (3.6) (4.0) (6.3) (4.0) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 148 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 3/3] Table 4.8b International socio-economic index of occupational status (HISEI) and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 4.8b Indice socioéconomique international de statut professionnel (ISEI+) et score des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Change in the science score per 17.1 units of this index2 Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Partners OECD Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 30.6 34.3 38.3 26.8 45.2 27.8 20.3 42.3 37.6 32.5 36.1 22.6 27.8 28.0 18.9 19.1 42.4 25.7 38.4 37.8 29.2 33.8 35.6 37.1 28.7 31.3 36.3 29.0 38.8 36.1 36.9 32.3 (1.15) (2.50) (1.66) (1.26) (2.28) (1.91) (1.38) (2.32) (1.91) (2.18) (2.11) (1.55) (1.81) (1.58) (2.09) (2.66) (1.47) (1.64) (1.93) (1.78) (1.94) (1.73) (1.91) (2.30) (1.52) (1.57) (1.69) (3.67) (1.67) (2.20) (0.75) (0.36) 1.9 2.3 2.4 1.8 2.1 1.9 1.5 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.3 2.8 1.9 2.4 2.1 1.8 1.7 2.0 2.3 1.9 1.9 2.3 1.4 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.0 (0.08) (0.16) (0.12) (0.08) (0.13) (0.14) (0.09) (0.17) (0.13) (0.13) (0.16) (0.10) (0.11) (0.09) (0.11) (0.08) (0.17) (0.14) (0.16) (0.13) (0.15) (0.09) (0.13) (0.15) (0.15) (0.12) (0.10) (0.10) (0.11) (0.15) (0.05) (0.02) 8.9 11.7 14.8 7.1 14.3 9.3 5.7 17.1 13.6 12.2 13.4 5.5 8.3 8.0 2.7 2.8 18.3 12.2 14.2 11.4 8.0 10.7 14.5 14.2 10.1 10.0 12.1 9.9 11.9 11.5 12.4 10.8 (0.63) (1.42) (1.24) (0.63) (1.13) (1.22) (0.78) (1.63) (1.17) (1.41) (1.41) (0.73) (1.02) (0.84) (0.58) (0.74) (1.14) (1.40) (1.28) (1.01) (1.01) (0.96) (1.43) (1.50) (1.07) (0.90) (1.03) (2.21) (1.09) (1.26) (0.48) (0.22) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 33.4 9.9 30.4 45.8 39.4 22.7 32.4 26.9 21.7 19.4 33.1 25.3 19.7 24.1 37.4 27.3 8.7 24.1 m 34.1 22.2 30.2 39.4 25.3 28.5 23.8 32.8 (3.45) (1.60) (2.11) (3.59) (2.05) (1.97) (1.96) (1.59) (2.56) (3.14) (2.32) (1.92) (2.16) (2.24) (6.30) (1.90) (1.59) (1.44) m (3.38) (1.70) (1.71) (1.55) (1.75) (1.98) (2.59) (1.39) 1.9 1.4 1.7 2.5 2.0 1.5 2.1 1.9 1.4 1.2 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.8 2.3 2.0 1.2 1.8 m 2.0 1.7 2.0 2.1 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.9 (0.19) (0.12) (0.12) (0.23) (0.19) (0.13) (0.15) (0.12) (0.10) (0.12) (0.14) (0.17) (0.14) (0.12) (0.40) (0.12) (0.09) (0.13) m (0.22) (0.12) (0.15) (0.11) (0.11) (0.17) (0.13) (0.16) 11.4 3.7 13.3 17.4 17.8 7.3 11.3 9.9 3.7 6.4 8.1 8.7 6.0 8.2 12.3 10.3 0.8 8.3 m 15.9 6.3 11.6 14.1 6.6 11.9 10.1 13.5 (2.46) (1.26) (1.63) (2.23) (1.80) (1.29) (1.19) (1.04) (0.86) (1.63) (1.02) (1.19) (1.16) (1.33) (3.98) (1.25) (0.29) (0.98) m (3.03) (0.93) (1.11) (1.11) (0.83) (1.58) (2.12) (1.06) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 2. 17.1 refers to one standard deviaiton on the index. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 149 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 4.9a Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of cultural possessions at home1 Tableau 4.9a Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le patrimoine culturel familial Students with a low level of cultural possessions at home (bottom quarter of the index of cultural possessions at home) Students with a high level of cultural possessions at home (top quarter of the index of cultural possessions at home) Performance Science Partners OECD Mean score Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 504 486 474 515 480 462 535 444 493 448 455 462 483 443 505 482 450 394 496 508 454 467 440 459 453 475 489 396 484 452 457 470 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 367 379 382 379 413 375 465 506 518 390 414 415 304 460 492 450 496 380 344 382 461 399 474 490 413 367 398 (6.4) (4.4) (3.7) (5.5) (4.2) (4.6) (3.5) (3.4) (3.7) (6.4) (5.0) (3.4) (3.9) (3.9) (8.6) (3.5) (2.8) (2.2) (1.9) (7.0) (4.6) (3.9) (3.6) (4.3) (3.0) (3.1) (3.5) Performance Reading S.E. Mean score (2.7) (4.7) (3.3) (2.7) (5.3) (4.1) (2.9) (4.1) (4.2) (4.8) (3.5) (2.9) (4.4) (2.7) (4.4) (4.8) (2.6) (2.5) (4.9) (3.3) (3.1) (3.2) (4.1) (4.3) (2.5) (3.5) (3.3) (3.6) (3.2) (4.0) (1.2) (0.7) 490 458 461 500 446 460 514 433 466 432 426 453 493 431 468 515 439 392 478 498 443 465 428 426 430 475 476 411 465 m 449 458 349 343 376 337 419 365 443 474 512 390 401 389 264 441 480 422 476 354 308 356 416 354 452 456 406 357 379 Mathematics S.E. Mean score (2.9) (4.8) (4.5) (3.1) (5.9) (4.3) (3.1) (5.1) (5.2) (5.5) (4.5) (3.1) (4.6) (3.9) (5.1) (6.1) (3.0) (3.6) (5.1) (3.4) (3.6) (3.5) (5.2) (5.0) (2.5) (4.3) (3.2) (5.0) (3.0) m (1.5) (0.8) 504 484 487 512 480 484 523 451 481 439 446 479 484 434 502 506 458 389 504 506 460 468 432 463 451 476 513 400 473 447 456 471 (7.5) (4.8) (6.3) (6.9) (5.2) (6.9) (4.3) (4.5) (3.9) (6.2) (6.3) (3.8) (4.3) (4.4) (8.6) (3.8) (2.7) (2.5) (2.4) (7.1) (5.4) (3.9) (3.0) (3.9) (3.7) (3.9) (4.6) 364 475 363 364 389 355 444 491 528 387 412 380 295 462 500 452 509 367 312 377 456 399 467 507 411 344 401 S.E. Mean score (2.5) (4.8) (3.7) (2.6) (5.3) (3.6) (3.0) (3.8) (3.9) (4.3) (3.9) (2.6) (3.8) (2.6) (4.1) (4.8) (2.6) (3.4) (4.7) (3.0) (3.1) (3.1) (4.5) (5.1) (2.6) (3.5) (3.4) (4.0) (3.0) (3.9) (1.3) (0.7) 564 552 555 561 550 538 586 546 563 498 534 509 552 497 561 550 533 437 561 579 518 522 511 506 520 530 546 453 559 524 530 534 (6.0) (3.6) (4.3) (6.3) (4.8) (5.4) (3.3) (3.6) (4.5) (6.4) (6.1) (3.7) (4.0) (4.1) (9.1) (3.6) (3.0) (2.6) (2.3) (6.3) (4.8) (4.0) (3.1) (5.2) (3.4) (3.6) (3.3) 426 390 406 473 477 410 532 547 565 394 487 438 349 507 576 520 527 437 365 442 489 464 553 565 428 408 468 Reading S.E. Mean score (2.8) (4.0) (2.6) (2.6) (4.2) (4.0) (3.1) (4.3) (3.4) (4.4) (3.2) (3.0) (3.8) (2.6) (3.8) (4.4) (2.9) (3.9) (3.4) (3.3) (3.5) (3.1) (3.5) (3.4) (2.9) (5.0) (4.1) (6.2) (3.6) (5.1) (1.5) (0.7) 547 537 549 558 523 533 570 537 547 484 515 502 557 492 529 584 529 438 540 567 520 542 516 487 489 536 531 478 538 m 528 527 (5.9) (3.3) (4.4) (6.3) (5.3) (4.0) (3.5) (3.5) (4.7) (5.4) (5.1) (4.4) (3.4) (3.8) (9.4) (3.9) (2.3) (2.7) (2.5) (5.5) (3.6) (3.0) (2.8) (3.4) (2.9) (5.3) (4.0) 410 362 413 449 481 411 519 517 559 395 470 421 315 502 560 509 510 424 331 421 454 435 528 528 427 407 457 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 150 Science Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Mathematics S.E. Mean score S.E. (2.5) (4.7) (2.7) (3.0) (4.5) (3.9) (3.0) (4.3) (3.7) (5.3) (3.5) (3.4) (3.8) (3.0) (4.4) (4.1) (2.9) (4.2) (3.7) (3.5) (3.8) (3.6) (4.0) (4.0) (3.1) (6.1) (4.1) (5.7) (3.6) m (1.1) (0.7) 548 544 563 549 545 548 569 541 551 481 520 521 534 481 548 579 532 433 563 561 519 518 503 507 506 526 558 449 530 502 518 528 (2.9) (4.2) (2.8) (2.4) (4.7) (3.6) (3.3) (4.5) (3.8) (4.6) (4.1) (3.1) (3.5) (2.9) (3.9) (5.5) (2.8) (3.9) (3.0) (3.0) (3.3) (3.2) (3.6) (3.6) (2.9) (4.5) (4.3) (8.0) (3.1) (4.7) (1.3) (0.7) (7.4) (4.2) (4.8) (6.4) (6.7) (5.9) (3.4) (3.4) (3.8) (6.6) (5.9) (4.6) (4.2) (4.3) (9.3) (4.5) (2.6) (2.7) (2.8) (6.5) (4.2) (3.7) (2.4) (3.2) (3.5) (6.0) (4.6) 410 481 386 447 446 396 498 529 568 391 470 398 337 502 573 517 543 426 339 441 489 464 535 583 422 391 466 (7.0) (2.8) (4.8) (6.4) (5.1) (4.9) (3.5) (3.6) (4.6) (5.5) (5.2) (4.8) (4.1) (4.1) (9.3) (3.9) (2.6) (2.9) (2.9) (5.3) (4.2) (3.8) (2.7) (3.6) (3.1) (6.5) (4.0) I. Data / données 4 [Part 2/2 ] Table 4.9a Percentage of students and performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of cultural possessions at home1 Tableau 4.9a Pourcentage d’élèves et scores sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le patrimoine culturel familial Increased likelihood of students, who are in the bottom quarter of the index of cultural possessions at home, scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Difference in science performance between students with a high level of cultural possessions at home and students with a low level of cultural possessions at home PISA 2006 PISA 2003 PISA 2000 Partners OECD Ratio S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.3 1.5 1.7 2.5 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.6 2.1 1.9 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.9 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 (0.05) (0.10) (0.09) (0.08) (0.12) (0.12) (0.10) (0.14) (0.09) (0.13) (0.17) (0.10) (0.12) (0.09) (0.12) (0.12) (0.12) (0.08) (0.11) (0.10) (0.11) (0.11) (0.13) (0.14) (0.11) (0.13) (0.09) (0.11) (0.08) (0.12) (0.04) (0.02) 60 66 80 46 70 76 51 102 69 50 80 47 69 54 55 68 82 43 65 71 64 55 71 47 66 55 57 57 75 72 72 64 (3.2) (4.6) (3.8) (3.2) (5.6) (4.5) (4.0) (5.9) (4.7) (5.9) (4.7) (4.1) (4.8) (3.7) (4.9) (6.1) (4.0) (4.1) (6.0) (4.1) (3.9) (3.6) (5.0) (5.4) (3.3) (6.9) (4.2) (6.2) (4.4) (5.5) (1.6) (0.9) 66 80 83 56 61 93 63 110 81 69 87 40 65 69 64 70 78 60 60 67 73 69 75 58 68 84 59 66 m 84 83 71 (4.0) (5.0) (5.1) (3.5) (5.8) (4.5) (3.7) (6.9) (4.7) (6.4) (5.6) (5.6) (4.2) (5.5) (6.8) (6.9) (4.7) (5.9) (5.7) (4.7) (5.6) (5.5) (5.6) (7.6) (5.0) (7.0) (4.9) (10.5) m (4.9) (2.1) (1.1) 73 48 84 45 61 70 41 76 79 57 82 31 49 39 52 41 m 55 m 58 65 56 66 a 66 57 67 a m 80 70 60 (5.9) (6.8) (6.2) (3.0) (6.3) (5.6) (5.0) (6.3) (7.1) (7.4) (7.3) (7.3) (7.3) (6.3) (6.4) (5.0) m (6.4) m (7.2) (6.4) (8.5) (5.9) a (5.5) (6.1) (6.8) a m (9.3) (2.9) (1.3) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 1.5 1.3 1.1 2.4 1.5 1.3 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.1 1.8 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.6 2.1 1.4 2.0 1.1 2.2 1.5 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.1 1.4 1.8 (0.13) (0.10) (0.07) (0.19) (0.12) (0.10) (0.09) (0.10) (0.10) (0.08) (0.14) (0.08) (0.08) (0.14) (0.31) (0.15) (0.09) (0.11) (0.07) (0.19) (0.08) (0.12) (0.14) (0.13) (0.08) (0.10) (0.12) 59 12 24 94 64 36 66 41 47 4 73 23 45 47 84 70 31 57 21 60 29 65 79 75 15 41 70 (7.6) (4.3) (5.6) (6.8) (6.1) (5.3) (4.3) (4.2) (6.0) (4.5) (6.1) (4.5) (5.0) (5.0) (12.8) (4.8) (3.5) (3.7) (3.4) (9.0) (4.4) (4.0) (4.6) (4.2) (3.6) (5.5) (4.4) a a 31 a a a a a 50 17 a a a 59 85 a 23 a a a 47 a a a 30 48 77 a a (5.7) a a a a a (6.0) (3.4) a a a (5.2) (16.1) a (7.4) a a a (4.7) a a a (4.9) (6.9) (6.4) 60 a 34 59 67 a a a 39 5 82 a a 53 66 a a a a 48 30 a a a 1 a a (13.7) a (6.9) (8.2) (6.0) a a a (6.9) (4.7) (13.8) a a (9.1) (21.5) a a a a (10.0) (5.6) a a a (4.8) a a Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 151 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/3] Table 4.9b Index of cultural possessions in the home and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 4.9b Indice de patrimoine culturel familial et score sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of cultural possessions in the home All students Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Partners OECD Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -0.11 0.07 -0.27 -0.10 -0.01 -0.10 0.15 -0.17 0.08 0.03 0.33 0.73 -0.19 0.26 -0.48 0.11 0.02 -0.32 -0.32 -0.11 0.29 0.11 -0.11 0.31 0.10 0.11 -0.17 -0.04 -0.13 -0.09 -0.09 0.00 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) -1.44 -1.16 -1.52 -1.49 -1.23 -1.48 -1.18 -1.52 -1.13 -1.20 -1.10 -0.42 -1.44 -0.86 -1.45 -1.17 -1.31 -1.44 -1.65 -1.48 -1.15 -1.20 -1.43 -0.89 -1.07 -1.32 -1.42 -1.27 -1.42 -1.43 -1.40 -1.28 (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) -0.57 -0.27 -0.62 -0.58 -0.29 -0.59 -0.17 -0.50 -0.21 -0.24 0.19 0.89 -0.54 0.05 -0.97 -0.15 -0.35 -0.69 -0.59 -0.61 -0.09 -0.18 -0.42 0.13 -0.13 -0.35 -0.57 -0.31 -0.51 -0.51 -0.46 -0.33 (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) 0.32 0.50 0.02 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.79 0.20 0.52 0.33 0.91 1.21 0.12 0.83 -0.22 0.57 0.51 -0.01 -0.05 0.30 1.08 0.56 0.32 0.98 0.51 0.67 0.18 0.19 0.33 0.41 0.31 0.44 (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 1.25 1.21 1.02 1.28 1.12 1.32 1.18 1.13 1.14 1.22 1.33 1.22 1.13 1.02 0.71 1.20 1.23 0.83 1.02 1.34 1.35 1.27 1.08 1.02 1.08 1.42 1.13 1.24 1.11 1.17 1.17 1.16 (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay -0.21 0.52 -0.15 0.24 -0.08 0.01 -0.21 0.34 -0.31 -0.61 0.10 -0.34 0.12 0.37 0.05 0.16 -0.45 0.38 -0.12 0.54 0.57 0.20 0.19 0.08 -0.13 -0.42 -0.05 (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) -1.37 -0.56 -1.24 -1.00 -1.18 -1.14 -1.44 -0.83 -1.47 -1.55 -1.13 -1.40 -0.93 -0.81 -1.24 -1.10 -1.41 -0.74 -1.31 -0.76 -0.51 -1.01 -1.04 -1.16 -1.24 -1.40 -1.24 (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) -0.53 0.39 -0.41 0.05 -0.37 -0.22 -0.59 0.14 -0.62 -0.99 -0.18 -0.63 -0.07 0.16 -0.29 -0.12 -0.86 0.18 -0.50 0.29 0.20 -0.03 -0.10 -0.17 -0.51 -0.83 -0.29 (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.04) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) 0.14 1.12 0.14 0.82 0.17 0.34 0.09 0.96 0.03 -0.43 0.68 -0.08 0.43 1.00 0.54 0.80 -0.17 1.03 0.18 1.16 1.22 0.79 0.80 0.64 0.16 -0.13 0.26 (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.05) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) 0.93 1.13 0.90 1.07 1.05 1.08 1.08 1.08 0.83 0.55 1.03 0.73 1.07 1.13 1.21 1.03 0.66 1.04 1.15 1.47 1.37 1.03 1.09 1.01 1.07 0.66 1.06 (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 2/3] Table 4.9b Index of cultural possessions in the home and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 4.9b Indice de patrimoine culturel familial et score sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 503 485 475 515 481 462 536 443 492 447 455 461 483 443 503 486 452 394 495 508 455 466 439 459 454 474 490 396 484 451 457 470 (3.0) (5.2) (3.4) (2.6) (5.3) (4.0) (3.2) (4.1) (4.6) (5.2) (3.5) (3.5) (4.2) (2.9) (5.0) (5.1) (2.9) (2.6) (5.0) (3.7) (4.1) (3.3) (4.0) (4.3) (3.0) (3.9) (3.4) (3.6) (3.2) (4.3) (1.2) (0.7) 515 495 505 528 502 482 555 480 502 471 507 497 498 473 520 517 471 404 517 522 477 495 460 486 480 495 504 417 498 484 482 492 (2.4) (5.4) (3.9) (2.5) (4.4) (3.7) (4.0) (4.1) (5.0) (4.0) (3.5) (4.8) (3.8) (2.5) (4.4) (4.4) (3.1) (3.1) (4.4) (3.4) (4.5) (4.0) (4.4) (3.5) (3.0) (3.4) (3.2) (3.9) (3.4) (4.8) (1.6) (0.7) 534 514 517 541 521 504 579 518 523 483 521 505 506 491 546 538 494 419 529 524 509 510 489 504 503 521 509 431 525 500 501 510 (2.9) (5.2) (3.4) (2.9) (4.9) (3.5) (3.3) (4.3) (5.2) (4.4) (3.4) (3.8) (3.6) (3.5) (3.8) (4.7) (2.8) (3.1) (3.8) (3.8) (3.4) (3.5) (4.0) (3.9) (3.2) (4.7) (4.0) (4.5) (3.6) (5.6) (1.6) (0.7) 564 553 554 561 550 539 585 545 561 497 536 503 552 497 560 549 532 437 561 579 518 523 511 506 520 530 547 453 559 526 530 534 (2.8) (4.2) (2.7) (2.6) (4.2) (4.1) (3.1) (4.3) (4.0) (4.5) (3.4) (3.4) (3.8) (3.2) (3.8) (4.9) (3.1) (3.8) (3.9) (3.3) (4.1) (3.4) (3.8) (4.1) (3.2) (4.9) (4.2) (6.3) (3.6) (5.2) (1.5) (0.7) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 369 379 381 379 411 375 464 506 518 389 416 414 304 460 492 451 496 379 346 382 458 399 475 488 412 368 397 (6.2) (4.4) (4.7) (6.0) (4.4) (4.5) (3.5) (3.4) (3.8) (5.1) (5.0) (3.5) (3.7) (4.0) (9.6) (3.5) (3.4) (2.2) (2.5) (5.5) (5.1) (3.9) (3.4) (4.8) (2.8) (3.3) (3.9) 381 378 386 429 424 386 483 531 532 394 448 419 319 489 496 479 501 403 347 421 484 431 511 523 417 376 420 (6.6) (3.0) (3.9) (6.6) (4.8) (4.7) (3.6) (3.4) (4.2) (6.9) (5.8) (4.6) (5.0) (3.5) (14.1) (3.6) (3.0) (2.4) (3.0) (5.5) (4.8) (3.8) (3.2) (4.6) (3.0) (3.8) (4.3) 404 390 395 463 440 390 504 543 555 397 474 429 331 505 536 508 520 435 353 435 487 454 540 553 426 395 435 (7.1) (3.6) (3.7) (7.2) (5.8) (4.8) (3.0) (4.6) (4.3) (7.8) (4.7) (4.5) (4.6) (5.4) (11.2) (3.8) (2.9) (3.1) (2.1) (4.6) (4.6) (3.5) (3.7) (3.7) (2.9) (4.2) (3.8) 428 390 406 473 478 409 532 547 564 396 492 438 349 507 572 521 529 436 366 440 491 462 551 567 428 408 469 (7.1) (3.3) (4.4) (6.8) (5.3) (4.9) (3.5) (4.4) (5.2) (6.1) (4.8) (4.6) (3.5) (4.4) (9.3) (3.8) (2.4) (3.5) (2.5) (5.2) (4.3) (3.3) (3.5) (3.4) (3.0) (5.5) (4.0) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 153 4 I. Data / données [Part 3/3] Table 4.9b Index of cultural possessions in the home and performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 4.9b Indice de patrimoine culturel familial et score sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Change in the science score per unit of this index Increased likelihood of students in the bottom quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Partners OECD Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. Percentage S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 21.8 27.7 31.9 16.5 29.1 26.2 21.3 39.4 28.6 21.1 30.7 27.8 26.4 28.2 25.9 27.4 30.9 20.1 24.6 22.9 25.0 23.1 29.0 24.6 30.0 20.3 22.4 23.0 29.3 27.5 26.0 26.1 (1.10) (1.68) (1.54) (1.05) (1.93) (1.40) (1.31) (2.23) (1.82) (2.27) (1.70) (1.86) (1.81) (1.88) (2.04) (2.34) (1.53) (1.82) (2.06) (1.35) (1.44) (1.34) (1.92) (2.29) (1.42) (1.81) (1.56) (2.38) (1.65) (1.91) (0.55) (0.33) 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.7 2.3 1.6 1.7 2.5 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 (0.08) (0.11) (0.09) (0.07) (0.14) (0.12) (0.12) (0.14) (0.09) (0.14) (0.17) (0.11) (0.13) (0.09) (0.12) (0.11) (0.14) (0.08) (0.11) (0.09) (0.11) (0.11) (0.13) (0.14) (0.11) (0.13) (0.07) (0.10) (0.08) (0.11) (0.04) (0.02) 5.3 7.5 9.6 3.7 7.5 9.4 6.2 14.6 7.1 4.8 12.1 5.0 7.2 5.6 5.4 8.6 10.7 5.1 6.9 5.5 8.4 6.7 9.8 4.6 8.4 6.1 4.8 6.9 7.1 7.0 6.1 7.3 (0.50) (0.79) (0.79) (0.45) (0.93) (0.92) (0.72) (1.41) (0.77) (0.95) (1.24) (0.65) (0.90) (0.71) (0.78) (1.22) (1.03) (0.85) (1.07) (0.65) (0.90) (0.73) (1.09) (0.81) (0.75) (1.07) (0.66) (1.08) (0.76) (0.90) (0.25) (0.16) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 26.2 5.9 11.8 44.3 29.2 14.4 27.0 19.7 20.9 3.4 34.2 13.4 20.3 22.5 30.5 31.8 16.2 30.6 8.7 24.7 15.7 30.6 35.5 36.2 7.0 21.1 29.7 (3.18) (2.37) (2.39) (3.23) (2.56) (2.04) (1.57) (1.78) (2.57) (1.81) (2.31) (1.97) (2.18) (1.93) (4.78) (1.99) (1.46) (1.45) (1.27) (2.42) (2.29) (1.67) (1.91) (1.86) (1.43) (2.73) (1.69) 1.4 1.2 1.1 2.4 1.5 1.3 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.0 1.7 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.5 2.1 1.4 2.0 1.1 2.2 1.5 2.2 2.1 2.2 1.2 1.4 1.8 (0.12) (0.10) (0.09) (0.20) (0.14) (0.12) (0.10) (0.10) (0.12) (0.07) (0.12) (0.08) (0.10) (0.14) (0.37) (0.13) (0.11) (0.14) (0.07) (0.20) (0.09) (0.13) (0.13) (0.15) (0.07) (0.11) (0.16) 5.4 0.7 1.2 13.3 7.2 2.3 8.8 3.7 4.2 0.2 7.7 1.6 3.8 5.2 10.0 10.3 3.1 8.9 1.0 8.8 2.3 9.7 10.6 11.7 0.6 4.6 7.7 (1.25) (0.55) (0.47) (1.42) (1.16) (0.59) (0.93) (0.63) (0.94) (0.19) (0.96) (0.45) (0.72) (0.84) (2.99) (1.10) (0.55) (0.82) (0.28) (1.52) (0.62) (0.92) (1.09) (0.99) (0.25) (1.06) (0.85) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 154 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/2] Table 4.10 Student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of home educational resources1 Tableau 4.10 Score sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon les ressources éducatives à la maison Students with a low level of home educational resources (bottom quarter of the index of home educational resources) Students with a high level of home educational resources (top quarter of the index of home educational resources) Performance Science Partners OECD Mean score Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 502 487 474 515 466 478 545 445 485 428 456 473 480 440 503 495 463 379 487 493 466 461 432 435 454 480 491 384 482 455 450 468 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 344 366 356 372 402 358 452 512 516 373 420 383 297 462 502 444 486 378 321 385 446 402 495 502 389 352 382 (7.0) (4.2) (2.8) (6.2) (3.7) (4.6) (3.4) (3.6) (4.2) (4.1) (5.6) (3.3) (4.5) (4.3) (7.8) (3.5) (2.6) (2.3) (1.7) (5.2) (4.9) (4.3) (3.9) (4.5) (2.8) (2.9) (3.7) Performance Reading S.E. Mean score (3.0) (5.6) (4.6) (2.7) (5.1) (3.9) (3.1) (4.9) (5.4) (4.9) (3.8) (3.4) (4.3) (3.0) (4.7) (4.7) (2.5) (3.4) (4.6) (4.4) (4.3) (3.2) (4.6) (4.5) (3.7) (3.8) (4.2) (3.4) (3.9) (6.6) (2.1) (0.8) 487 461 459 500 433 477 531 436 455 414 432 473 488 433 469 529 453 375 469 482 458 464 421 409 426 480 478 406 462 m 436 457 320 332 360 332 407 344 433 482 507 371 402 357 253 450 491 426 468 356 278 366 407 362 471 466 378 338 358 Mathematics S.E. Mean score (2.9) (5.9) (6.0) (3.2) (7.2) (3.9) (3.2) (5.8) (6.6) (6.3) (5.5) (3.3) (4.8) (3.8) (5.1) (5.7) (2.7) (3.8) (5.1) (5.0) (4.7) (3.8) (5.6) (6.2) (3.1) (5.1) (3.9) (4.9) (3.9) m (1.7) (0.9) 497 481 482 508 461 493 526 448 472 416 442 487 478 428 498 515 465 374 493 490 467 457 422 436 445 476 510 381 466 445 443 465 (8.6) (5.0) (5.4) (8.9) (5.0) (7.0) (4.3) (4.7) (4.1) (4.4) (6.9) (4.2) (5.2) (5.6) (8.2) (4.1) (2.3) (2.6) (2.4) (7.0) (5.5) (4.7) (3.0) (4.3) (3.7) (4.4) (5.1) 338 472 334 357 376 337 428 491 523 368 412 347 285 453 507 441 500 365 283 378 442 397 483 511 388 325 379 Science S.E. Mean score (2.7) (5.4) (5.2) (2.7) (5.2) (3.5) (3.5) (4.7) (5.5) (4.9) (4.2) (3.1) (3.4) (2.8) (4.3) (4.8) (2.4) (3.9) (4.8) (3.5) (4.0) (2.8) (4.8) (5.9) (2.9) (3.5) (4.2) (4.2) (3.7) (5.9) (2.0) (0.8) 541 521 518 545 532 503 562 516 536 506 533 502 529 497 545 543 495 450 547 556 498 514 487 521 502 513 521 457 532 513 517 518 (7.2) (3.6) (3.4) (6.8) (4.8) (5.7) (3.6) (3.6) (4.5) (4.6) (6.8) (3.8) (4.1) (4.4) (8.8) (3.6) (2.6) (2.6) (1.9) (6.3) (4.6) (4.8) (3.1) (5.7) (4.1) (3.4) (3.4) 442 397 444 482 478 430 512 539 556 417 474 454 345 507 527 520 531 436 375 456 505 461 535 556 467 429 471 Reading S.E. Mean score (2.8) (4.4) (3.4) (2.7) (3.4) (3.9) (3.2) (4.1) (4.5) (3.7) (3.4) (3.3) (3.2) (2.8) (4.0) (4.2) (2.8) (3.6) (3.7) (3.5) (3.5) (3.2) (3.7) (3.3) (2.6) (3.3) (4.0) (6.9) (2.9) (4.8) (0.9) (0.7) 528 503 511 543 502 502 547 511 520 493 512 494 542 488 513 577 488 455 528 548 498 528 490 501 476 520 509 479 514 m 513 511 (6.5) (3.7) (4.6) (6.8) (5.1) (4.4) (3.2) (3.2) (3.2) (8.2) (4.6) (4.3) (3.9) (4.0) (10.6) (3.6) (3.1) (2.8) (2.6) (5.9) (4.0) (3.3) (2.7) (3.3) (3.9) (6.1) (3.4) 430 375 446 458 483 438 499 510 554 417 458 435 314 498 514 502 511 415 344 430 468 431 509 520 466 430 458 Click Here To View The Agreement. Mathematics S.E. Mean score S.E. (2.6) (4.6) (3.7) (2.8) (4.0) (4.2) (3.3) (4.4) (5.0) (4.6) (3.9) (3.5) (3.3) (2.6) (4.2) (4.1) (3.4) (3.9) (3.8) (3.9) (3.6) (3.9) (3.9) (4.0) (2.4) (3.6) (3.4) (6.2) (2.8) m (1.0) (0.7) 533 516 527 538 526 523 553 515 527 493 519 515 519 483 534 572 501 447 551 544 501 512 481 528 494 514 539 464 512 495 514 516 (2.7) (4.4) (3.4) (2.5) (3.8) (3.4) (3.1) (3.8) (4.4) (4.0) (3.8) (3.1) (2.9) (2.9) (3.9) (5.0) (2.7) (3.5) (3.5) (3.3) (3.3) (3.4) (3.5) (3.9) (2.5) (3.0) (3.9) (9.1) (2.6) (4.2) (1.0) (0.7) (7.8) (4.9) (5.5) (6.5) (5.9) (5.5) (3.1) (3.5) (2.7) (8.2) (5.7) (4.8) (5.1) (4.5) (9.9) (4.0) (2.5) (3.3) (3.1) (6.5) (4.7) (3.8) (2.4) (3.3) (3.8) (7.0) (4.8) 433 480 425 459 451 418 486 526 561 418 460 414 337 507 531 520 546 424 350 458 503 463 520 577 461 424 470 (6.1) (2.5) (5.1) (7.0) (4.8) (4.3) (3.2) (3.4) (3.6) (8.0) (5.1) (4.7) (5.0) (3.9) (9.9) (3.7) (3.6) (2.9) (2.7) (6.2) (4.2) (3.7) (2.5) (3.7) (3.9) (6.8) (3.9) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 155 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/2] Table 4.10 Student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by level of home educational resources1 Tableau 4.10 Score sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon les ressources éducatives à la maison Increased likelihood of students, who are in the bottom quarter of the index of home educational resources, scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Difference in science performance between students with a high level of home educational resources and students with a low level of home educational resources PISA 2006 PISA 2003 PISA 2000 Partners OECD Ratio S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 1.6 1.6 2.0 1.5 2.4 1.3 1.4 2.4 1.8 2.3 2.6 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.8 2.1 1.9 1.6 2.0 2.3 2.6 1.9 1.5 1.4 2.0 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.8 (0.07) (0.12) (0.10) (0.06) (0.20) (0.08) (0.07) (0.14) (0.09) (0.15) (0.19) (0.08) (0.09) (0.10) (0.10) (0.10) (0.09) (0.11) (0.13) (0.11) (0.08) (0.11) (0.16) (0.22) (0.09) (0.09) (0.07) (0.15) (0.07) (0.16) (0.06) (0.02) 39 34 44 30 66 25 17 71 50 78 77 29 49 56 42 48 32 72 60 63 32 54 56 86 48 34 30 73 51 58 67 50 (3.0) (4.3) (5.3) (3.0) (4.9) (4.2) (3.6) (5.6) (4.8) (5.3) (4.8) (5.0) (4.1) (3.7) (4.7) (5.7) (3.8) (5.0) (4.4) (4.9) (4.5) (4.3) (4.9) (5.6) (3.5) (4.9) (3.8) (7.9) (4.5) (7.4) (2.2) (0.9) 42 35 74 36 64 65 31 48 50 69 52 21 53 46 53 57 36 73 74 55 45 46 58 66 39 57 60 85 m 51 64 53 (4.0) (4.3) (4.9) (3.3) (5.0) (5.3) (4.0) (5.7) (5.5) (6.3) (5.6) (5.0) (5.3) (4.9) (6.7) (6.2) (4.6) (6.2) (6.1) (5.0) (4.9) (4.6) (5.6) (7.5) (5.2) (5.6) (6.3) (9.3) m (4.6) (1.9) (1.0) 45 40 74 28 54 59 26 49 47 40 63 18 46 35 30 29 m 69 m 60 65 63 50 a 36 27 38 a m 80 61 47 (6.8) (5.7) (10.1) (3.6) (4.9) (7.1) (6.1) (6.9) (8.6) (8.5) (7.5) (6.6) (6.3) (6.4) (6.5) (5.5) m (7.0) m (6.5) (6.2) (9.2) (6.3) a (5.8) (6.0) (5.7) a m (13.4) (3.7) (1.4) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 2.0 1.7 1.7 2.7 1.9 1.8 2.2 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6 2.1 1.6 1.7 1.5 2.3 1.7 1.9 1.6 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.3 (0.19) (0.16) (0.12) (0.24) (0.13) (0.17) (0.12) (0.09) (0.12) (0.13) (0.10) (0.13) (0.12) (0.14) (0.28) (0.13) (0.10) (0.10) (0.08) (0.18) (0.12) (0.13) (0.11) (0.10) (0.15) (0.13) (0.16) 98 30 88 110 76 72 60 27 41 43 54 71 49 45 26 76 44 57 54 71 59 59 40 55 79 77 88 (7.7) (5.1) (5.2) (9.0) (5.4) (5.9) (3.9) (3.9) (5.2) (7.3) (6.0) (5.3) (5.3) (4.7) (14.7) (4.2) (3.9) (3.5) (3.2) (7.9) (5.7) (4.5) (5.0) (3.6) (4.6) (6.9) (4.5) a a 74 a a a a a 50 38 a a a 40 77 a 26 a a a 41 a a a 55 60 47 a a (8.1) a a a a a (5.5) (4.7) a a a (5.0) (15.3) a (9.4) a a a (4.5) a a a (5.1) (7.2) (6.4) 100 a 62 70 68 a a a 51 34 62 a a 31 52 a a a a 56 47 a a a 55 a a (9.8) a (8.1) (7.2) (6.8) a a a (6.4) (7.8) (14.1) a a (8.3) (19.2) a a a a (11.3) (5.2) a a a (7.0) a a Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 156 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/2] Table 4.11 Student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by economic, social and cultural status1 Tableau 4.11 Score sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le statut économique, social et culturel Students with a less advantaged economic, social and cultural status Students with a more advantaged economic, social and cultural status (bottom quarter of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status) (top quarter of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status) Performance Science Partners OECD Mean score Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 484 462 456 501 465 453 535 437 460 427 450 458 467 435 493 494 424 370 478 480 453 460 433 437 446 466 458 390 467 435 428 456 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 338 373 352 367 387 358 454 504 511 373 406 387 299 457 461 445 493 386 m 377 446 399 467 492 395 363 381 (5.1) (4.6) (3.6) (6.3) (3.8) (3.9) (3.7) (3.7) (3.9) (5.1) (4.8) (3.2) (4.5) (4.7) (8.2) (3.2) (2.6) (2.3) m (4.8) (4.2) (4.3) (2.9) (4.9) (2.9) (3.2) (3.6) Performance Reading S.E. Mean score (2.2) (6.7) (4.2) (2.8) (4.3) (3.7) (3.0) (4.8) (5.2) (4.8) (3.6) (3.2) (4.7) (3.0) (5.3) (4.7) (2.5) (3.4) (4.8) (4.4) (3.8) (3.1) (4.2) (4.0) (3.0) (3.6) (3.1) (3.3) (3.3) (5.4) (1.4) (0.7) 472 441 446 490 436 459 519 432 438 416 426 457 478 428 460 532 416 365 465 473 447 465 421 414 423 470 452 409 452 m 427 448 323 336 351 334 391 345 439 475 509 369 392 363 251 447 452 426 477 364 m 358 406 359 452 459 388 354 358 Mathematics S.E. Mean score (2.3) (7.6) (5.2) (3.4) (6.3) (4.1) (3.0) (5.3) (6.3) (6.2) (5.2) (3.2) (4.9) (4.2) (5.6) (5.7) (3.0) (5.1) (5.2) (4.8) (4.3) (3.6) (5.5) (5.4) (3.1) (4.7) (3.4) (5.3) (3.2) m (1.6) (0.9) 482 459 463 498 457 475 519 441 450 412 435 473 465 424 485 513 437 364 490 482 458 456 424 439 440 464 481 387 456 428 425 455 (6.3) (5.9) (6.2) (9.0) (4.8) (6.3) (4.2) (5.1) (4.3) (5.1) (6.2) (3.5) (5.6) (5.5) (8.1) (3.9) (2.3) (2.9) m (6.9) (4.9) (4.8) (3.1) (4.7) (4.2) (3.5) (6.0) 328 476 327 354 358 334 431 483 517 366 394 349 282 450 473 440 506 369 m 373 441 396 458 503 391 334 373 Science S.E. Mean score (2.1) (6.8) (5.7) (2.6) (4.4) (3.3) (3.1) (4.3) (5.4) (4.7) (3.8) (3.6) (4.0) (2.7) (5.0) (5.0) (2.4) (4.6) (4.8) (3.5) (3.9) (3.1) (4.3) (5.2) (2.7) (3.4) (3.4) (3.9) (2.9) (5.0) (1.5) (0.8) 572 559 566 569 564 543 598 559 572 520 559 522 555 511 562 558 543 457 578 589 523 546 526 540 533 543 563 474 570 552 548 547 (5.9) (3.6) (4.7) (6.5) (4.9) (4.9) (3.5) (4.1) (4.2) (4.9) (6.2) (3.5) (4.4) (5.0) (10.3) (3.5) (2.7) (3.0) m (6.0) (4.3) (5.0) (2.7) (5.8) (3.6) (3.6) (4.4) 455 404 443 506 503 431 532 570 573 429 505 465 357 525 578 537 518 444 m 463 515 478 573 577 468 427 484 Reading S.E. Mean score (2.8) (3.6) (2.9) (2.5) (4.6) (4.1) (2.8) (4.3) (3.3) (4.0) (3.7) (3.1) (3.3) (3.3) (4.2) (5.4) (2.7) (3.6) (2.9) (3.3) (3.6) (3.4) (3.2) (4.0) (3.5) (4.2) (3.7) (8.5) (3.3) (4.3) (1.4) (0.7) 555 539 555 566 535 534 578 544 550 504 536 512 562 502 530 588 535 461 555 577 521 557 529 517 498 542 546 494 546 m 537 537 (6.1) (3.6) (5.2) (7.8) (5.1) (3.7) (3.3) (3.6) (4.6) (7.9) (5.1) (4.7) (4.4) (4.3) (10.2) (4.5) (2.7) (2.8) m (6.9) (4.3) (3.1) (2.9) (3.3) (4.2) (6.5) (3.6) 441 384 444 478 508 434 513 535 561 432 483 443 332 517 561 519 499 423 m 438 477 447 541 536 463 424 472 Click Here To View The Agreement. Mathematics S.E. Mean score S.E. (2.4) (4.3) (3.1) (2.7) (4.8) (4.1) (3.2) (4.6) (4.1) (5.0) (4.1) (3.4) (3.4) (3.4) (4.5) (4.9) (3.0) (3.8) (3.1) (3.5) (3.9) (4.0) (3.9) (4.7) (3.7) (5.8) (3.4) (7.7) (3.4) m (1.1) (0.8) 561 553 576 561 564 553 585 556 561 507 552 536 545 496 556 590 543 453 579 571 525 540 519 543 522 542 576 480 543 529 537 544 (2.8) (4.1) (3.0) (2.4) (4.8) (3.8) (2.8) (4.7) (3.7) (4.3) (4.3) (3.0) (3.3) (3.6) (4.0) (6.6) (2.4) (3.4) (3.3) (3.3) (3.2) (3.2) (3.4) (4.4) (3.7) (3.6) (3.7) (10.6) (3.0) (4.2) (1.3) (0.8) (8.4) (4.5) (6.2) (7.6) (6.9) (5.2) (3.4) (3.8) (4.3) (7.5) (6.6) (5.8) (5.5) (5.0) (8.7) (5.0) (2.9) (3.0) m (6.6) (5.0) (3.3) (2.5) (3.3) (4.5) (7.4) (5.2) 445 484 424 480 475 417 503 555 579 431 492 426 355 523 576 538 535 435 m 463 512 479 555 596 466 424 484 (7.5) (3.0) (6.1) (8.3) (5.1) (4.3) (3.2) (3.6) (4.8) (8.0) (4.8) (5.2) (4.9) (4.6) (9.8) (4.4) (3.0) (3.1) m (6.7) (4.8) (3.6) (2.9) (3.7) (4.3) (7.3) (3.7) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 157 4 I. Data / données [Part 2/2] Table 4.11 Student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by economic, social and cultural status1 Tableau 4.11 Score sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le statut économique, social et culturel Increased likelihood of students with a less advantaged PISA index of economic, social and cultural status scoring in the bottom quarter of the science performance distribution Difference in science performance between students with a more advantaged PISA index of economic, social and cultural status and students with a less advantaged PISA index of economic, social and cultural status PISA 2006 PISA 2003 PISA 2000 Partners OECD Ratio S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 2.0 2.3 2.6 1.8 2.1 2.2 1.7 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.7 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 3.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.5 2.1 1.9 2.4 1.8 2.2 2.2 2.7 2.2 (0.08) (0.17) (0.13) (0.08) (0.13) (0.13) (0.11) (0.20) (0.14) (0.16) (0.24) (0.10) (0.13) (0.09) (0.15) (0.11) (0.17) (0.13) (0.16) (0.14) (0.11) (0.10) (0.13) (0.22) (0.12) (0.12) (0.13) (0.17) (0.13) (0.15) (0.07) (0.03) 88 97 110 68 99 90 63 122 111 93 108 64 88 76 69 64 119 87 100 109 69 86 93 103 87 77 105 84 103 117 120 92 (3.3) (7.1) (5.2) (3.4) (5.6) (5.0) (3.5) (6.4) (5.5) (6.4) (5.0) (4.1) (5.4) (4.4) (5.7) (7.0) (3.7) (4.8) (5.7) (4.8) (4.8) (4.4) (5.3) (6.1) (4.3) (4.6) (4.0) (9.3) (4.9) (7.0) (2.1) (1.0) 102 107 133 88 104 108 74 133 139 95 118 66 98 104 91 85 116 86 105 112 95 110 94 122 93 99 122 108 m 115 124 104 (4.4) (5.5) (5.2) (3.8) (5.4) (5.9) (3.9) (7.4) (5.4) (5.5) (6.4) (5.2) (6.0) (6.2) (8.9) (7.9) (4.4) (6.2) (6.9) (4.3) (6.0) (5.3) (5.9) (8.2) (5.6) (6.1) (6.3) (12.0) m (4.6) (2.2) (1.2) 95 93 123 72 109 108 61 113 126 83 128 52 82 78 m 59 m 79 m 108 81 93 84 a 96 75 128 a m 113 116 93 (5.8) (7.2) (7.1) (3.9) (5.8) (6.9) (5.5) (6.6) (7.0) (8.4) (8.7) (6.5) (6.6) (7.0) m (6.4) m (7.0) m (6.3) (5.9) (9.5) (7.5) a (6.7) (5.4) (6.7) a m (9.8) (3.2) (1.4) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 2.2 1.4 1.8 2.7 2.4 1.6 2.1 1.7 1.8 1.5 2.0 1.8 1.4 1.9 2.6 2.2 1.4 1.7 m 2.3 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.0 1.5 1.4 2.3 (0.22) (0.11) (0.13) (0.29) (0.19) (0.18) (0.13) (0.11) (0.14) (0.13) (0.13) (0.11) (0.10) (0.18) (0.50) (0.13) (0.10) (0.11) m (0.26) (0.12) (0.14) (0.12) (0.13) (0.14) (0.12) (0.16) 117 31 91 138 116 73 78 66 62 56 99 79 58 68 117 92 25 58 m 85 69 79 106 84 73 64 103 (7.8) (5.2) (6.4) (10.4) (5.9) (5.4) (4.9) (4.5) (6.4) (7.3) (6.2) (5.6) (6.3) (6.4) (13.5) (5.3) (3.8) (3.7) m (9.7) (5.5) (4.6) (4.2) (5.1) (5.2) (7.4) (4.6) a a 84 a a a a a 60 48 a a a 71 134 a 28 a a a 77 a a a 70 57 101 a a (7.8) a a a a a (6.0) (5.7) a a a (6.1) (14.2) a (7.2) a a a (4.8) a a a (6.1) (8.4) (6.8) a a 80 a a a a a 68 45 a a a 74 109 a a a a a 71 a a a 44 a a a a (10.0) a a a a a (7.3) (9.0) a a a (10.2) (20.8) a a a a a (7.1) a a a (7.3) a a Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 158 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 4 [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.12 Parents’ perceptions of school and student performance in science1 Tableau 4.12 Point de vue des parents sur la performance en sciences de leur enfant et sur l’établissement qu’il fréquente Score point difference between parents answering “strongly agree or agree” versus “disagree or strongly disagree” to the following statements: Standards of achievement are high in my child’s school Before accounting for ESCS2 I am satisfied with the disciplinary atmosphere in my child’s school After accounting for ESCS Before accounting for ESCS My child’s school does a good job in educating students After accounting for ESCS Before accounting for ESCS After accounting for ESCS S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. 18.0 (4.80) 18.6 (4.54) 15.4 (5.12) 12.2 (4.75) 29.7 (5.01) 25.0 (4.75) Germany 30.5 (3.94) 30.3 (3.64) 20.8 (4.07) 19.4 (3.63) 14.9 (3.90) 18.1 (3.74) 9.0 (4.23) 10.3 (3.90) 12.5 (4.85) 7.9 (4.71) 24.1 (5.46) 21.7 (5.13) Italy 24.0 (3.68) 22.6 (3.50) 8.2 (3.74) 8.5 (3.47) 7.3 (4.03) 11.6 (3.84) Korea 30.2 (5.14) 26.0 (4.34) 11.5 (4.11) 10.7 (3.55) 10.4 (4.33) 9.8 (3.79) Luxembourg 26.0 (3.65) 23.6 (3.65) 11.1 (4.20) 14.8 (4.09) 9.7 (3.97) 16.7 (3.63) New Zealand 13.9 (5.52) 13.1 (5.12) 24.7 (4.33) 19.3 (3.97) 32.3 (6.79) 27.1 (6.44) Poland 4.9 (4.02) 5.9 (3.79) 2.2 (3.34) 3.5 (2.93) -6.2 (4.41) 2.4 (4.29) Portugal 16.9 (4.00) 10.6 (3.64) 5.6 (4.20) 9.7 (3.83) -5.0 (5.54) 5.5 (5.14) Turkey 24.4 (4.31) 24.3 (3.74) 6.2 (4.32) 5.1 (3.76) 6.7 (4.48) 11.2 (4.17) Bulgaria 14.9 (7.30) 10.6 (5.85) -6.9 (4.94) -2.2 (4.26) -3.4 (8.99) 3.1 (7.82) Colombia 15.0 (5.79) 10.2 (5.29) 0.8 (4.57) 0.8 (4.06) -6.8 (6.52) -6.1 (6.03) Croatia 43.3 (3.26) 33.9 (2.87) 10.9 (3.66) 10.9 (3.46) 7.8 (4.40) 10.0 (4.18) Hong Kong-China 48.0 (4.04) 41.0 (3.52) 48.8 (5.60) 46.6 (5.42) 26.3 (3.68) 25.1 (3.37) Macao-China OECD Dif. Denmark 17.5 (2.64) 15.4 (2.72) 14.0 (3.62) 13.0 (3.59) 12.3 (3.85) 11.0 (3.80) 5.7 (3.14) 5.7 (3.24) 1.1 (3.62) 0.7 (3.70) 11.1 (4.20) 10.1 (4.17) Partners Iceland Qatar Note: Values that are statistically signifcant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from parents. 2. ESCS: PISA index of economic, social and cultural status. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 Click Here To View The Agreement. [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.13 Parents’ perceptions of school1 Tableau 4.13 Point de vue des parents sur l’établissement que leur enfant fréquente Percentage of parents strongly agreeing or agreeing with the following statements: Most of my child’s school teachers seem competent and dedicated Standards of achievement are high in my child’s school I am happy with the content taught and the instructional methods used in my child’s school My child’s school I am satisfied with My child’s progress provides regular the disciplinary is carefully and useful My child’s school atmosphere in monitored by information on does a good job in my child’s school the school my child’s progress educating students 77.3 77.3 74.3 71.6 68.4 78.0 79.7 71.4 71.2 73.8 61.4 46.2 76.2 85.9 72.4 78.3 76.2 81.6 81.2 82.6 Italy 91.2 80.1 85.8 80.9 84.6 83.2 92.1 Korea 83.3 71.5 76.8 78.4 66.1 62.7 79.4 Luxembourg 84.5 76.6 75.4 82.9 71.7 58.1 83.5 New Zealand 93.4 87.1 86.5 82.7 85.3 82.3 91.2 Poland 90.1 88.4 83.8 79.9 82.4 92.7 90.0 Portugal 93.8 76.1 86.6 80.4 83.6 83.4 89.1 Turkey OECD 87.8 Germany Iceland Partners Denmark 86.7 72.9 73.4 81.9 63.8 66.9 85.0 Bulgaria 95.4 87.2 90.6 80.3 83.5 84.8 94.3 Colombia 94.4 86.2 92.6 82.7 93.4 92.5 95.8 Croatia 92.2 65.8 85.0 82.2 78.0 83.8 91.7 Hong Kong-China 89.7 53.8 82.1 88.5 75.3 57.1 78.8 Macao-China 89.0 73.9 84.2 83.7 83.1 75.0 82.0 Qatar 86.7 80.2 78.4 79.4 75.7 64.7 84.7 1. Results based on reports from parents. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 159 4 I. Data / données [Part 1/1 ] Table 4.14 Parents’ reports of child’s past science activities and student performance in science1 Tableau 4.14 Performance des élèves en sciences selon le compte-rendu des parents sur les activités scientifiques antérieures de leur enfant Scores associated with parents answering “very often or regularly” versus “never or only sometimes” to the question: “Thinking back to when your child was about 10 years old, how often would your child have read books on scientific discoveries?” Very often or regularly Difference in score before accounting for ESCS2 Never or only sometimes Difference in score after accounting for ESCS2 S.E. % of students S.E. Mean score S.E. % of students S.E. Dif. S.E. Dif. S.E. Denmark 557 (6.10) 9.8 (0.62) 508 (3.00) 90.2 (0.62) 49.2 (6.51) 43.9 (6.11) Germany 567 (6.04) 12.7 (0.63) 522 (3.50) 87.3 (0.63) 44.7 (5.27) 33.2 (5.55) Iceland 556 (7.25) 10.7 (0.63) 502 (1.84) 89.3 (0.63) 53.7 (7.51) 46.8 (7.40) Italy 517 (4.25) 12.5 (0.44) 477 (1.97) 87.5 (0.44) 39.6 (3.67) 31.5 (3.10) Korea 558 (5.50) 17.8 (0.77) 516 (3.13) 82.2 (0.77) 42.0 (4.69) 31.6 (3.64) Luxembourg 545 (3.86) 16.7 (0.57) 485 (1.44) 83.3 (0.57) 60.0 (4.12) 43.7 (4.06) New Zealand 601 (5.73) 12.5 (0.52) 544 (2.76) 87.5 (0.52) 57.4 (6.31) 47.2 (5.90) m m m m m m m m m m m m Portugal 510 (6.07) 10.8 (0.52) 474 (3.01) 89.2 (0.52) 36.4 (6.19) 24.3 (5.64) Turkey 440 (6.61) 16.0 (0.63) 421 (3.66) 84.0 (0.63) 18.6 (5.26) 11.5 (4.31) Bulgaria 478 (9.22) 11.3 (0.68) 429 (5.96) 88.7 (0.68) 49.7 (7.10) 33.3 (5.21) Colombia 392 (4.30) 24.9 (0.99) 388 (3.45) 75.1 (0.99) 3.9 (3.79) 1.6 (4.11) Croatia 540 (4.55) 11.3 (0.49) 490 (2.51) 88.7 (0.49) 50.4 (4.30) 38.3 (4.10) Hong Kong-China 581 (5.45) 9.2 (0.50) 541 (2.49) 90.8 (0.50) 40.0 (5.52) 30.8 (5.38) Macao-China 533 (5.56) 7.4 (0.41) 509 (1.15) 92.6 (0.41) 23.8 (5.82) 20.3 (5.81) Qatar OECD Mean score 374 (3.87) 15.4 (0.57) 360 (1.37) 84.6 (0.57) 13.5 (4.12) 11.7 (4.32) Partners Poland Note: Values that are statistically signifcant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from parents. 2. ESCS: PISA index of economic, social and cultural status. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142104560611 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152684743050 Click Here To View The Agreement. 160 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/1] Table 5.1 School admittance policies1 Tableau 5.1 Politiques d’admission des établissements Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported the following statements as a “prerequisite” or a “high priority” for admittance at their school Residence in a particular area Students’ academic records Recommendations of feeder schools Parents’ endorsement of the instructional or religious philosophy of the school Students’ needs or desires for a special programme Attendance of other family members at the school Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 41.5 25.0 2.4 77.6 21.0 55.5 75.2 w 64.8 71.3 3.9 93.7 42.0 11.3 20.1 22.6 42.3 9.9 10.3 49.3 78.7 81.8 56.8 19.3 67.9 57.3 80.1 35.3 60.6 81.1 51.6 46.9 (2.5) (2.9) (1.1) (1.7) (2.5) (4.0) (3.7) w (3.3) (3.3) (1.3) (0.1) (4.1) (2.2) (3.1) (3.5) (0.1) (1.8) (2.2) (2.7) (2.8) (3.1) (3.6) (3.0) (3.1) (3.5) (2.0) (3.7) (3.2) (3.2) (1.1) (0.5) 9.3 65.2 25.6 10.4 42.2 3.9 4.2 w 38.8 4.5 64.4 1.1 2.5 7.1 86.3 59.1 41.6 38.1 65.3 9.3 a 13.5 6.7 46.5 3.0 1.9 51.1 29.0 9.8 7.9 27.0 26.7 (1.8) (2.1) (2.5) (1.2) (3.2) (1.5) (1.9) w (3.7) (1.7) (3.8) (0.0) (1.2) (1.7) (2.5) (4.0) (0.1) (2.8) (3.9) (2.1) a (2.5) (2.1) (2.6) (0.9) (0.7) (2.5) (3.5) (1.3) (1.9) (0.9) (0.5) 18.2 5.2 7.4 22.2 3.1 8.7 2.1 w 37.8 1.3 1.2 6.5 11.8 6.6 26.1 11.4 7.8 8.7 90.3 15.8 0.8 6.1 1.2 3.2 2.4 0.5 40.0 1.4 7.0 9.3 13.5 12.6 (2.3) (1.6) (1.9) (2.1) (1.3) (1.7) (1.2) w (3.4) (0.8) (0.8) (0.2) (2.6) (1.5) (3.4) (2.8) (0.0) (1.7) (2.3) (2.5) (0.6) (1.7) (0.9) (1.4) (0.8) (0.5) (2.7) (0.9) (1.6) (2.1) (0.7) (0.3) 27.5 10.5 40.3 15.2 10.8 19.5 9.9 w 10.6 4.0 22.9 9.7 27.3 10.2 8.7 3.6 7.3 5.9 19.5 19.2 2.2 5.7 10.2 7.4 13.8 3.2 1.6 1.3 12.4 5.0 8.3 11.9 (1.6) (2.3) (3.3) (2.0) (2.1) (3.4) (2.7) w (2.2) (1.4) (3.8) (0.1) (3.2) (1.5) (2.3) (1.5) (0.0) (1.1) (3.3) (2.3) (1.0) (1.7) (2.0) (1.8) (1.9) (1.3) (0.5) (0.9) (1.9) (1.5) (0.5) (0.4) 24.6 43.9 13.2 36.9 10.3 16.6 16.6 w 21.5 13.6 30.4 18.5 13.7 33.2 28.9 15.3 11.2 12.2 19.6 19.0 3.1 4.7 41.4 18.4 13.0 10.2 21.2 5.4 9.6 22.4 19.5 18.9 (2.6) (3.8) (2.5) (2.4) (3.1) (3.2) (3.5) w (3.0) (2.5) (3.5) (0.2) (2.9) (2.6) (3.7) (3.3) (0.0) (1.3) (3.1) (2.6) (1.3) (1.7) (4.0) (3.4) (1.9) (2.2) (2.7) (1.9) (1.9) (3.7) (1.3) (0.5) 41.9 12.5 9.9 26.4 4.3 24.2 12.8 w 17.4 24.3 3.9 9.9 37.5 11.3 5.8 0.7 40.8 10.5 4.5 30.7 4.9 5.0 31.5 2.6 47.6 12.0 1.7 2.6 32.6 9.7 12.9 16.5 (2.4) (2.6) (1.8) (2.3) (1.5) (3.6) (3.0) w (2.6) (3.4) (1.7) (0.1) (3.6) (1.8) (1.9) (0.7) (0.1) (2.6) (1.4) (3.0) (1.7) (1.7) (4.0) (1.2) (2.9) (2.2) (0.8) (1.4) (2.9) (2.2) (0.8) (0.4) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 9.9 47.3 20.2 28.6 6.8 15.4 1.6 41.6 5.1 20.4 38.9 64.8 49.7 20.4 c 52.9 1.8 10.0 74.4 12.3 41.2 8.5 5.8 32.8 70.7 83.4 22.0 (2.2) (4.1) (2.4) (3.6) (2.1) (3.4) (1.0) (3.0) (1.8) (3.4) (4.4) (3.8) (3.7) (2.9) c (3.7) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (2.7) (3.7) (2.4) (0.5) (3.1) (3.2) (3.2) (2.3) 7.1 17.3 8.1 83.9 33.0 19.8 90.6 44.3 82.7 62.9 35.5 26.9 22.8 17.6 c 11.0 66.4 66.8 53.4 61.6 10.9 91.3 38.2 52.7 43.6 23.7 9.0 (2.0) (3.1) (1.6) (2.7) (3.7) (3.3) (1.9) (3.4) (3.2) (4.4) (4.5) (3.4) (3.2) (2.4) c (2.3) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (4.2) (2.1) (2.2) (0.2) (3.1) (4.0) (3.6) (1.7) 9.7 6.8 4.7 9.5 7.5 11.3 2.6 9.4 20.5 18.5 19.2 13.9 12.6 1.8 c 1.6 58.9 a 21.8 9.3 8.0 7.0 1.3 15.7 32.9 14.5 1.2 (3.5) (2.1) (1.2) (2.9) (2.5) (2.8) (0.1) (2.1) (3.8) (3.2) (3.7) (2.6) (2.7) (1.1) c (0.8) (0.1) a (0.1) (2.7) (2.5) (1.9) (0.0) (2.8) (3.5) (3.1) (0.6) 16.3 17.4 10.6 47.7 12.5 19.0 0.7 9.2 13.2 34.5 32.8 12.2 7.5 10.1 c 4.3 11.6 3.6 35.2 12.0 17.0 7.7 4.9 16.2 47.6 3.3 6.1 (3.2) (3.2) (1.9) (4.2) (2.9) (3.5) (0.5) (2.1) (2.9) (3.6) (3.6) (2.6) (1.9) (2.4) c (1.9) (0.1) (0.0) (0.1) (2.8) (2.8) (2.3) (0.1) (2.3) (4.0) (1.4) (1.2) 20.4 5.3 5.7 75.1 12.3 20.3 7.7 9.2 7.0 24.6 26.2 16.0 15.3 46.4 c 7.7 10.9 9.2 16.9 47.6 18.8 70.7 63.9 22.5 44.1 26.6 10.6 (4.1) (1.8) (1.3) (3.7) (2.7) (4.2) (2.0) (2.3) (2.2) (2.8) (4.0) (3.0) (2.5) (4.2) c (2.0) (0.0) (0.0) (0.1) (5.7) (3.2) (3.8) (0.3) (3.0) (3.5) (4.1) (2.3) 27.0 6.3 6.1 51.4 16.2 5.3 1.3 9.9 16.9 7.9 12.2 13.4 10.6 10.7 c 15.4 25.0 1.7 34.1 6.9 12.8 10.4 5.8 8.8 19.2 12.3 6.7 (3.8) (2.1) (1.3) (4.5) (3.6) (1.6) (0.7) (2.2) (3.3) (1.8) (3.1) (2.5) (2.5) (2.1) c (2.5) (0.1) (0.0) (0.1) (1.9) (3.0) (2.6) (0.2) (1.8) (2.8) (3.0) (1.2) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 161 5 I. Data / données [Part 1/2] Table 5.2 Structural features of school systems Tableau 5.2 Caractéristiques structurelles des systèmes d’éducation Number of school types or distinct educational programmes available to 15-year-olds Proportion of 15-year-olds enrolled in programmes that give access to vocational studies at the next programme level or direct access to the labour market1 First age of selection in the education system Lower secondary education Upper secondary education Proportion of repeaters in participating schools 1 1.2 16.0 0.2 0.5 Austria 4 41.5 10.0 2.8 5.0 Belgium 4 22.4 12.0 5.7 9.3 Canada 1 0.0 16.0 4.1 4.1 Czech Republic 5 15.6 11.0 0.6 2.1 Denmark 1 0.0 16.0 0.1 0.1 Finland 1 0.0 16.0 0.3 0.0 France w w w w w Germany 4 a 10.0 3.9 3.8 Greece 2 13.7 15.0 2.4 2.9 Hungary 3 17.8 11.0 1.2 3.5 Iceland 1 0.1 16.0 0.4 0.0 Ireland 4 22.5 15.0 0.2 2.1 Italy 3 2.2 14.0 1.9 8.1 Japan 2 26.1 15.0 0.0 0.0 Korea 3 23.2 14.0 0.0 0.0 Luxembourg 4 5.5 13.0 7.6 9.8 Mexico 3 5.1 12.0 2.2 3.0 Netherlands 4 54.7 12.0 3.2 7.2 New Zealand 1 0.0 16.0 0.1 1.4 Norway 1 0.0 16.0 0.0 0.0 Poland 1 m 16.0 2.2 2.8 Portugal 3 14.0 15.0 12.8 16.9 Slovak Republic 5 10.8 11.0 0.9 1.2 Spain 1 0.0 16.0 16.0 15.8 Sweden 1 0.0 16.0 0.3 1.1 Switzerland 4 6.2 12.0 2.3 4.4 Turkey 3 1.5 2.5 United Kingdom 1 m 16.0 0.0 0.0 United States 1 0.0 16.0 6.3 4.3 2.5 11.3 14.0 2.7 3.9 Argentina 3 1.0 12.0 15.0 12.9 Azerbaijan 2 0.5 15.0 0.9 0.7 Brazil 1 0.0 17.0 10.6 10.5 Bulgaria 2 0.0 11.0 1.8 0.4 Chile 2 0.0 13.0 4.7 7.5 Colombia 2 0.0 15.0 4.1 2.2 Croatia 3 26.2 14.0 0.0 2.2 Estonia 1 1.8 15.0 3.9 1.1 Hong Kong-China 3 0.0 15.0 2.9 3.1 Indonesia 1 17.4 15.0 0.6 1.0 Israel 2 18.3 15.0 0.0 0.0 Jordan 1 0.0 16.0 4.1 0.9 Kyrgyzstan 1 0.0 15.0 0.4 0.5 Latvia 3 3.4 16.0 3.3 0.5 Liechtenstein 3 0.0 11.0 c c Lithuania 3 0.2 15.0 0.9 0.3 Macao-China 2 1.3 12.0 11.1 5.9 Montenegro 4 68.0 14.0 5.0 2.3 Qatar 4 0.0 15.0 4.9 7.2 Romania 3 23.4 14.0 1.9 0.5 Russian Federation 3 4.9 14.5 0.8 0.3 Serbia 1 75.7 14.0 2.4 3.1 Slovenia 3 52.1 14.0 1.1 3.7 Chinese Taipei 3 0.0 15.0 0.0 0.7 Thailand 2 14.8 16.0 0.7 0.6 Tunisia 1 0.0 16.0 19.8 18.2 Uruguay OECD Australia 1 6.7 12.0 17.1 16.4 Partners OECD average Click HeremTo View The 11.0 Agreement. 1. Based on the designation of the study programme (ISCED categories B and C). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 162 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 2/2] Table 5.2 Structural features of school systems Tableau 5.2 Caractéristiques structurelles des systèmes d’éducation Variance expressed as a percentage of the average variance in student performance across OECD countries Performance on the science scale Total variance in student performance between schools Existence of standardsbased external examinations2 Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Standard deviation S.E. Total variance in student performance Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 527 511 510 534 513 496 563 495 516 473 504 491 508 475 531 522 486 410 525 530 487 498 474 488 488 503 512 424 515 489 500 (2.3) (3.9) (2.5) (2.0) (3.5) (3.1) (2.0) (3.4) (3.8) (3.2) (2.7) (1.6) (3.2) (2.0) (3.4) (3.4) (1.1) (2.7) (2.7) (2.7) (3.1) (2.3) (3.0) (2.6) (2.6) (2.4) (3.2) (3.8) (2.3) (4.2) (0.5) 100 98 100 94 98 93 86 102 100 92 88 97 94 96 100 90 97 81 96 107 96 90 89 93 91 94 99 83 107 106 95 (1.0) (2.4) (2.0) (1.1) (2.0) (1.4) (1.0) (2.1) (2.0) (2.0) (1.6) (1.2) (1.5) (1.3) (2.0) (2.4) (0.9) (1.5) (1.6) (1.4) (2.0) (1.1) (1.7) (1.8) (1.0) (1.4) (1.7) (3.2) (1.5) (1.7) (0.3) 110 106 109 97 108 95 81 112 110 93 86 103 98 100 109 90 104 72 101 125 99 89 87 96 90 96 109 77 124 124 100 20 60 57 18 62 15 5 w 66 48 60 9 17 52 53 32 30 25 59 20 10 12 28 41 13 11 37 41 23 29 33 0.81 0.00 0.00 0.51 1.00 1.00 1.00 w 0.35 0.00 1.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 0.30 1.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 0.07 0.59 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 391 382 390 434 438 388 493 531 542 393 454 422 322 490 522 488 511 412 349 418 479 436 519 532 421 386 428 (6.1) (2.8) (2.8) (6.1) (4.3) (3.4) (2.4) (2.5) (2.5) (5.7) (3.7) (2.8) (2.9) (3.0) (4.1) (2.8) (1.1) (1.1) (0.9) (4.2) (3.7) (3.0) (1.1) (3.6) (2.1) (3.0) (2.7) 101 56 89 107 92 85 86 84 92 70 111 90 84 84 97 90 78 80 84 81 90 85 98 94 77 82 94 (2.6) (1.9) (1.9) (3.2) (1.8) (1.8) (1.4) (1.1) (1.9) (3.3) (2.0) (1.9) (2.0) (1.3) (3.1) (1.6) (0.8) (0.9) (0.8) (2.4) (1.4) (1.6) (1.0) (1.6) (1.5) (2.0) (1.8) 113 34 88 126 94 80 82 78 93 54 137 89 78 78 c 90 68 71 78 73 89 80 107 99 66 75 99 53 18 41 69 53 25 34 16 34 19 44 20 31 14 c 25 19 20 47 35 24 34 65 46 25 32 39 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 0.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 1.00 0.26 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 Click Here To View The Agreement. 2. This column indicates the extent to which standards-based external examinations exist in the system. Where there is a value between 0 and 1, standards-based external examinations exist in some parts of the system concerned, but not throughout the system (e.g. regional variation or variation between different types of education programmes). 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 163 5 I. Data / données [Part 1/1] Table 5.3 Ability grouping and performance in science1 Tableau 5.3 Regroupement des élèves par aptitude et performances en sciences Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that within the school (between and/or within classes) there was No ability grouping Ability grouping for some subjects Performance on the science scale Ability grouping for all subjects No ability grouping or ability grouping for some subjects Ability grouping for all subjects Observed difference (Ability grouping for all subjects After accounting – No ability for the PISA index grouping or ability of economic, grouping for social and some subjects) cultural status Partners OECD % of students S.E. % of students S.E. % of students S.E. Mean S.E. Mean Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average 5.5 56.0 56.3 8.7 34.5 17.9 49.8 w 58.0 85.0 30.6 19.8 2.0 53.1 44.3 11.5 26.8 28.1 18.8 3.2 58.0 52.5 47.4 27.3 28.6 24.5 23.6 59.4 0.3 12.7 32.6 (1.1) (2.7) (3.1) (1.2) (3.4) (3.3) (3.9) w (2.6) (2.9) (3.6) (0.2) (1.1) (2.5) (3.5) (2.9) (0.1) (2.8) (2.8) (1.4) (4.2) (3.6) (4.3) (3.4) (3.2) (3.1) (2.5) (4.4) (0.1) (2.8) (0.5) 89.6 39.9 21.6 76.5 53.7 74.9 48.1 w 31.4 14.4 67.2 74.0 90.6 25.1 45.9 81.6 27.0 42.7 32.9 91.0 39.1 44.2 38.9 57.2 56.2 70.0 36.2 22.0 91.7 79.9 53.9 (1.7) (2.7) (2.6) (2.0) (4.2) (3.3) (3.8) w (2.4) (2.8) (3.4) (0.2) (2.3) (2.3) (3.7) (3.7) (0.0) (3.0) (3.7) (2.0) (4.0) (3.7) (4.0) (4.1) (3.3) (3.5) (3.2) (3.6) (1.9) (3.4) (0.6) 4.9 4.1 22.2 14.8 11.8 7.2 2.1 w 10.5 0.6 2.2 6.2 7.4 21.8 9.8 6.8 46.1 29.3 48.3 5.8 2.9 3.3 13.7 15.5 15.2 5.5 40.1 18.6 8.1 7.4 13.5 (1.3) (1.4) (2.7) (1.7) (3.1) (2.0) (1.1) w (2.2) (0.6) (1.2) (0.1) (2.0) (2.3) (2.5) (2.5) (0.1) (2.9) (4.0) (1.7) (1.2) (1.4) (2.8) (3.0) (2.5) (1.6) (2.7) (3.2) (1.9) (2.2) (0.4) 528 512 513 536 514 497 563 w 519 476 505 490 508 479 529 521 493 414 525 531 486 497 479 488 487 504 526 425 521 490 502 (2.3) (3.7) (3.1) (2.2) (4.5) (3.1) (2.1) w (4.1) (3.9) (3.2) (1.7) (3.5) (3.0) (3.6) (3.7) (1.5) (3.5) (7.2) (3.0) (3.3) (2.5) (3.4) (3.3) (2.9) (2.2) (4.4) (5.0) (2.3) (3.4) (0.6) 508 491 502 532 494 492 c w 490 c c 479 508 465 551 532 478 404 523 541 c 514 447 491 497 484 489 413 469 513 492 (12.9) (38.2) (12.2) (5.9) (10.4) (11.3) c w (13.9) c c (6.6) (12.8) (5.5) (10.3) (15.8) (1.5) (5.5) (5.9) (15.6) c (11.3) (12.9) (12.4) (5.9) (14.4) (3.7) (9.7) (18.2) (14.8) (2.7) -19.9 -21.4 -11.3 -3.9 -19.8 -4.8 c w -29.1 c c -11.5 0.4 -14.2 21.9 10.2 -15.3 -9.4 -1.4 9.9 c 16.9 -31.3 3.2 10.8 -20.8 -36.9 -11.7 -52.4 22.8 -8.8 (13.1) (37.8) (13.9) (6.4) (12.5) (11.1) c w (14.8) c c (6.9) (13.5) (7.0) (11.2) (17.0) (2.2) (6.8) (11.8) (16.0) c (11.8) (14.2) (14.1) (6.9) (14.2) (5.9) (11.9) (18.8) (15.3) (2.8) -14.0 -15.9 -6.8 1.1 -21.0 -5.0 c w -23.7 c c -8.1 1.8 -10.4 12.8 15.2 -6.6 -4.6 -1.6 3.8 c 11.5 -28.8 1.7 7.2 -21.0 -30.4 -6.3 -37.6 15.5 -6.9 (11.8) (27.9) (10.9) (5.0) (9.6) (9.1) c w (11.0) c c (6.6) (9.2) (5.5) (9.4) (12.8) (2.1) (5.6) (8.8) (11.1) c (8.3) (11.2) (9.9) (4.9) (9.0) (4.8) (9.4) (15.4) (9.3) (2.1) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 37.5 5.8 45.2 47.5 36.0 40.6 53.6 43.1 31.8 25.1 2.7 10.3 33.0 49.9 c 34.2 59.1 31.3 24.8 19.5 20.0 53.5 57.0 55.1 7.5 19.1 67.2 (4.1) (1.9) (2.7) (4.3) (4.3) (5.3) (3.7) (3.6) (3.6) (2.8) (1.4) (2.4) (3.6) (3.6) c (3.8) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (3.8) (3.5) (3.9) (0.2) (3.1) (2.3) (3.2) (2.8) 40.1 77.7 11.4 40.4 44.7 17.0 19.7 42.1 50.8 10.6 77.9 58.8 52.0 33.0 c 57.2 27.6 7.2 24.7 51.9 39.6 11.8 39.5 36.7 42.4 3.4 15.6 (4.8) (3.9) (2.1) (4.3) (4.4) (3.4) (3.1) (3.6) (3.8) (2.4) (3.6) (3.7) (3.8) (3.8) c (3.9) (0.1) (0.0) (0.1) (5.1) (4.0) (2.6) (0.3) (3.0) (3.6) (1.6) (2.4) 22.4 16.5 43.4 12.1 19.3 42.4 26.7 14.8 17.3 64.3 19.5 31.0 15.0 17.1 c 8.6 13.4 61.5 50.5 28.6 40.4 34.7 3.5 8.2 50.2 77.5 17.2 (3.3) (3.6) (2.6) (2.7) (3.2) (5.4) (3.3) (2.5) (3.0) (3.4) (3.7) (3.1) (2.7) (3.1) c (2.2) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (4.0) (3.7) (3.7) (0.3) (1.6) (4.1) (3.4) (2.2) 402 382 398 441 445 389 498 531 542 396 459 423 320 490 c 488 511 430 347 423 477 437 522 531 426 387 428 (7.4) (3.1) (3.7) (7.3) (5.0) (4.9) (3.3) (2.9) (3.2) (7.3) (5.1) (3.6) (3.3) (2.9) c (2.9) (0.9) (1.8) (1.3) (5.8) (4.4) (4.8) (1.2) (3.8) (3.8) (8.8) (3.7) 365 382 380 425 430 387 481 535 542 393 440 418 333 489 c 490 511 400 354 407 484 435 437 553 416 386 428 (9.0) (7.0) (5.2) (17.4) (8.5) (6.3) (7.2) (6.4) (11.8) (8.8) (9.9) (5.7) (12.1) (10.4) c (13.2) (5.3) (1.4) (1.4) (10.3) (5.8) (5.7) (13.4) (14.0) (4.7) (4.0) (9.2) -36.6 -0.2 -17.7 -16.3 -15.1 -1.7 -17.0 4.5 -0.5 -3.0 -18.8 -4.6 13.0 -0.9 c 2.3 0.1 -29.4 6.4 -15.3 7.5 -2.6 -85.3 21.8 -10.1 -1.0 0.3 (11.2) (7.8) (6.9) (20.1) (10.1) (8.9) (9.0) (7.3) (13.6) (11.9) (12.3) (7.5) (13.2) (11.0) c (13.8) (5.5) (2.3) (1.9) (13.6) (6.7) (8.6) (13.6) (14.5) (7.2) (11.0) (11.3) -19.8 -1.0 -11.8 -10.2 3.9 -4.7 -12.3 -0.6 1.8 -5.3 -13.4 -2.8 10.5 -4.9 c -5.2 0.2 -24.3 5.1 -8.6 3.0 -1.8 -60.8 11.3 -4.9 0.3 1.4 (9.5) (7.4) (5.1) (13.0) (7.6) (7.3) (7.4) (6.4) (11.8) (10.2) (10.0) (6.3) (11.2) (8.3) c (11.6) (5.3) (2.3) (2.0) (10.4) (5.9) (7.0) (19.4) (12.2) (5.5) (9.4) (7.6) Click Here To View The Agreement. S.E. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 164 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données Score dif. S.E. Score dif. S.E. I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/3] Table 5.4 Percentage of students and student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by type of school1 Tableau 5.4 Pourcentage d’élèves et scores des élèves sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le type d’établissement Government or public schools2 Performance Performance on on the reading the science scale scale Government-dependent private schools3 Performance on the mathematics scale Performance Performance on on the reading the science scale scale Performance on the mathematics scale Partners OECD % of students Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. % of students S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. w 90.7 w 93.0 96.2 76.1 97.6 w 94.3 94.9 84.2 98.9 41.8 96.4 70.1 53.7 85.6 89.7 33.0 95.5 98.1 98.4 91.1 92.3 65.3 91.7 95.5 99.5 93.8 92.6 86.6 85.6 w (2.2) w (0.7) (1.8) (3.1) (1.1) w (1.8) (1.2) (3.4) (0.1) (1.4) (0.7) (1.4) (3.9) (0.0) (1.5) (4.3) (0.6) (0.9) (0.1) (1.3) (1.9) (1.0) (0.8) (0.6) (0.5) (1.0) (1.2) (0.5) (0.3) w 511 w 532 514 492 564 w 514 469 500 490 488 476 537 524 490 402 524 527 484 497 471 487 475 501 511 424 510 485 485 496 w (3.9) w (2.1) (3.7) (3.1) (2.0) w (3.8) (3.2) (4.0) (1.6) (5.3) (2.0) (3.6) (5.4) (1.0) (2.7) (10.1) (2.8) (3.2) (2.4) (3.2) (2.9) (3.0) (2.4) (3.1) (3.9) (2.4) (4.2) (1.3) (0.7) w 491 w 524 482 493 547 w 494 455 478 484 494 469 501 554 481 402 505 518 482 507 469 465 446 504 499 447 492 m 477 488 w (3.7) w (2.6) (4.7) (3.1) (2.2) w (4.4) (4.1) (4.5) (1.9) (5.2) (2.5) (4.2) (5.5) (1.3) (3.2) (9.6) (3.1) (3.3) (2.8) (3.8) (3.5) (2.5) (3.5) (3.1) (4.3) (2.5) m (1.1) (0.8) w 506 w 524 510 511 549 w 502 455 485 505 483 462 528 549 495 398 526 519 488 495 463 491 466 501 530 423 492 470 476 494 w (3.8) w (2.0) (3.9) (2.8) (2.3) w (3.9) (2.9) (4.3) (1.7) (4.9) (2.3) (3.2) (6.3) (1.0) (2.9) (9.2) (2.5) (2.7) (2.5) (3.3) (3.1) (2.6) (2.4) (3.2) (5.0) (2.2) (4.0) (1.3) (0.7) w 8.4 w 4.3 3.5 22.8 2.4 w 5.5 0.0 13.1 1.0 54.8 1.2 1.0 31.5 14.4 0.0 67.0 0.0 1.9 1.0 6.9 7.2 24.6 8.3 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.8 5.8 10.5 w (2.2) w (0.3) (1.8) (3.0) (1.1) w (1.8) (0.0) (3.1) (0.1) (2.0) (0.4) (1.0) (3.7) (0.0) (0.0) (4.3) (0.0) (0.9) (0.2) (1.3) (1.8) (1.4) (0.8) (0.4) (0.0) (0.1) (0.8) (0.4) (0.3) w 503 w 578 492 507 c w 555 a 533 c 519 c c 505 465 c 527 a c c 484 506 503 531 c a c c 516 515 w (19.8) w (5.9) (29.3) (8.3) c w (21.6) a (17.5) c (3.9) c c (7.1) (3.5) c (4.1) a c c (8.8) (12.9) (4.1) (7.1) c a c c (3.2) (3.6) w 479 w 578 481 499 c w 535 a 516 c 530 c c 543 470 c 509 a c c 470 484 482 539 c a c m 517 508 w (24.3) w (7.5) (43.6) (8.2) c w (19.2) a (16.7) c (4.5) c c (8.4) (3.6) c (4.4) a c c (13.1) (18.9) (4.1) (7.5) c a c m (3.6) (4.5) w 488 w 582 487 521 c w 544 a 529 c 511 c c 527 460 c 534 a c c 479 507 495 522 c a c c 521 513 w (17.3) w (8.0) (24.2) (7.5) c w (25.7) a (17.9) c (3.2) c c (7.2) (3.0) c (3.7) a c c (8.1) (12.2) (3.5) (9.6) c a c c (3.4) (3.5) 67.5 99.1 92.4 m 46.9 82.7 98.6 98.1 7.5 60.7 73.4 80.6 99.4 100.0 c 99.3 3.8 99.8 91.1 100.0 100.0 99.4 97.7 65.0 83.5 98.2 84.9 (3.7) (0.4) (1.4) m (2.9) (2.8) (1.0) (0.9) (0.2) (3.6) (4.0) (1.7) (0.4) (0.0) c (0.7) (0.0) (0.0) (0.1) (0.0) (0.0) (0.7) (0.0) (2.4) (0.7) (1.0) (0.8) 364 382 375 m 409 379 494 531 570 403 449 410 320 490 c 487 463 412 338 418 479 436 517 549 422 388 416 (5.4) (2.7) (2.7) m (6.3) (4.0) (2.5) (2.4) (9.6) (7.2) (4.9) (2.8) (3.1) (3.0) c (2.6) (4.6) (1.1) (0.9) (4.2) (3.7) (3.1) (1.1) (3.5) (2.2) (3.0) (3.0) 342 351 378 m 412 378 478 500 562 403 435 390 283 479 c 469 453 393 301 396 440 401 493 509 417 384 397 (6.9) (3.0) (3.8) m (6.8) (5.9) (2.9) (2.8) (10.3) (6.8) (5.7) (3.3) (3.7) (3.7) c (2.9) (4.5) (1.2) (1.2) (4.7) (4.3) (3.5) (1.0) (3.5) (2.8) (4.1) (3.8) 354 475 353 m 385 361 467 514 575 404 438 373 308 486 c 485 473 400 304 415 476 436 503 567 418 368 414 (5.9) (2.3) (2.8) m (7.2) (4.6) (2.4) (2.6) (15.9) (7.6) (5.5) (3.4) (3.6) (3.0) c (2.8) (5.2) (1.3) (1.0) (4.2) (3.9) (3.6) (1.0) (4.3) (2.4) (4.0) (2.8) 24.8 0.0 0.0 m 44.9 5.1 0.6 1.4 90.7 13.5 20.3 1.3 0.0 0.0 c 0.7 68.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.6 2.3 0.0 6.1 1.8 0.0 (3.1) (0.0) (0.0) m (3.3) (2.5) (0.4) (0.8) (1.4) (3.0) (3.6) (0.9) (0.0) (0.0) c (0.7) (0.1) (0.0) (0.0) (0.0) (0.0) (0.7) (0.0) (0.0) (1.7) (1.0) (0.0) 441 a a m 447 431 c c 541 352 471 c a a c c 504 a c a a c c a 389 c a (10.3) a a m (5.6) (16.4) c c (2.9) (6.1) (11.6) c a a c c (1.4) a c a a c c a (10.3) c a 430 a a m 453 440 c c 535 344 457 c a a c c 487 a c a a c c a 385 c a (12.0) a a m (7.2) (22.2) c c (2.7) (5.1) (13.1) c a a c c (1.4) a c a a c c a (11.8) c a 430 a a m 418 415 c c 546 341 461 c a a c c 517 a c a a c c a 379 c a (9.2) a a m (5.7) (16.2) c c (2.9) (6.5) (10.1) c a a c c (1.7) a c a a c c a (9.6) c a Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 2. Schools which are directly controlled or managed by: i) a public education authority or agency, or ii) a government agency directly or a governing body, most of whose members are either appointed by a public authority or elected by public franchise. 3. Schools which receive 50% or more of their core funding - funding that supports the basic educational services of the institution - from government agencies. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 165 5 I. Data / données [Part 2/3] Table 5.4 Percentage of students and student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by type of school1 Tableau 5.4 Pourcentage d’élèves et scores des élèves sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le type d’établissement Government-independent private schools4 Performance on the science scale Performance on the reading scale Performance on the mathematics scale Difference in performance on the science scale between public and private schools (government-dependent and governmentindependent schools combined) Partners OECD % of students S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Dif. (Pub. - Priv.) S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average w 0.9 w 2.7 0.2 1.1 0.0 w 0.2 5.1 2.7 0.1 3.4 2.4 28.9 14.8 0.0 10.3 0.0 4.5 0.0 0.6 2.1 0.5 10.1 0.0 3.6 0.5 6.0 6.6 7.6 4.1 w (0.6) w (0.7) (0.2) (0.8) (0.0) w (0.2) (1.2) (1.6) (0.1) (1.5) (0.6) (1.6) (2.5) (0.0) (1.5) (0.0) (0.6) (0.0) (0.2) (0.3) (0.5) (1.5) (0.0) (0.4) (0.5) (1.0) (0.9) (0.4) (0.2) w c w c c c a w c 545 c c 558 c 526 552 a 455 a 603 a c c c 537 a 513 c 597 554 531 544 w c w c c c a w c (6.0) c c (10.9) c (7.1) (8.7) a (9.6) a (6.4) a c c c (9.5) a (13.4) c (8.7) (13.6) (5.3) (3.1) w c w c c c a w c 543 c c 544 c 498 591 a 455 a 573 a c c c 505 a 500 c 577 m 510 532 w c w c c c a w c (7.9) c c (12.6) c (6.6) (9.3) a (9.1) a (9.6) a c c c (9.1) a (10.2) c (9.3) m (4.6) (3.1) w c w c c c a w c 527 c c 556 c 518 584 a 454 a 578 a c c c 527 a 518 c 571 534 523 537 w c w c c c a w c (9.0) c c (11.2) c (8.1) (10.4) a (9.6) a (9.4) a c c c (10.1) a (9.0) c (7.5) (10.5) (4.8) (3.0) w 1 w -44 23 -17 c w -40 -76 -34 c -34 18 13 4 25 -53 -3 -77 c c -24 -15 -38 -30 2 c -86 -63 -39 -25 w (19.5) w (5.2) (27.7) (8.1) c w (21.7) (7.1) (16.8) c (6.5) (18.3) (8.1) (8.8) (3.6) (9.9) (12.9) (6.9) c c (9.8) (13.4) (4.2) (7.4) (16.3) c (8.8) (13.9) (3.6) (2.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 7.7 0.9 7.6 m 8.2 12.3 0.7 0.6 1.9 25.8 6.3 18.1 0.6 0.0 c 0.0 27.6 0.2 8.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 35.0 10.5 0.0 15.1 (2.6) (0.4) (1.4) m (2.0) (2.2) (0.5) (0.4) (1.4) (2.9) (1.9) (1.5) (0.4) (0.0) c (0.0) (0.1) c (0.1) a a a c (2.4) (1.7) a (0.8) 447 c 482 m 514 412 c c c 389 475 468 c a c a 535 c 434 a a a c 501 433 a 496 (18.1) c (11.5) m (15.8) (9.2) c c c (6.0) (17.9) (5.4) c a c a (1.8) c (4.1) a a a c (7.2) (8.4) a (5.6) 435 c 482 m 513 405 c c c 390 454 443 c a c a 511 c 412 a a a c 472 432 a 495 (22.4) c (11.4) m (16.1) (10.1) c c c (6.3) (24.8) (8.7) c a c a (2.0) c (5.4) a a a c (6.6) (9.2) a (7.1) 437 c 462 m 483 397 c c c 382 463 427 c a c a 553 c 420 a a a c 516 429 a 495 (23.9) c (13.3) m (14.5) (11.1) c c c (5.6) (19.3) (6.7) c a c a (2.1) c (3.9) a a a c (8.3) (10.9) a (5.9) -78 c -107 m -48 -38 c c 30 26 -22 -61 c a c c -49 c -96 a a c c 48 5 c -80 (9.4) c (11.9) m (8.1) (9.2) c c (10.0) (8.3) (11.6) (6.5) c a c c (4.5) c (4.2) a a c c (8.7) (6.8) c (6.4) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 4. Schools which receive less than 50% of their core funding – funding that supports the basic educational services of the institution – from government agencies. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 166 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 3/3] Table 5.4 Percentage of students and student performance on the science, reading and mathematics scales, by type of school1 Tableau 5.4 Pourcentage d’élèves et scores des élèves sur les échelles de culture scientifique, de compréhension de l’écrit et de culture mathématique, selon le type d’établissement Difference in performance on the science scales between public and private schools after accounting for the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status of: PISA index of economic, social and cultural status Public schools Private schools (government-dependent and government-independent) Difference Students Students and schools Partners OECD Mean index S.E Mean index S.E. Dif. (Pub. - Priv.) S.E Dif. (Pub. - Priv.) S.E Dif. (Pub. - Priv.) Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average w 0.18 w 0.34 0.02 0.23 0.25 w 0.26 -0.22 -0.16 0.77 -0.24 -0.08 -0.09 0.02 0.11 -1.20 0.28 0.07 0.41 -0.32 -0.67 -0.18 -0.57 0.21 0.06 -1.30 0.15 0.08 -0.18 -0.06 w (0.02) w (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) w (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.01) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) (0.04) (0.08) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.05) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) (0.01) w 0.32 w 0.86 0.14 0.48 c w 0.64 1.11 0.35 c 0.13 0.14 0.18 -0.04 -0.03 0.31 0.24 0.76 c c -0.38 0.19 0.15 0.51 0.60 c 0.85 0.80 0.31 0.38 w (0.16) w (0.06) (0.19) (0.06) c w (0.09) (0.11) (0.13) c (0.04) (0.17) (0.04) (0.04) (0.04) (0.14) (0.03) (0.10) c c (0.09) (0.10) (0.06) (0.06) (0.11) c (0.10) (0.12) (0.03) (0.02) w -0.14 w -0.52 -0.13 -0.25 c w -0.38 -1.33 -0.51 c -0.37 -0.22 -0.27 0.06 0.13 -1.52 0.04 -0.70 c c -0.29 -0.36 -0.72 -0.30 -0.54 c -0.70 -0.72 -0.49 -0.44 w (0.16) w (0.06) (0.18) (0.07) c w (0.10) (0.12) (0.15) c (0.06) (0.17) (0.04) (0.07) (0.04) (0.16) (0.09) (0.10) c c (0.10) (0.10) (0.06) (0.06) (0.11) c (0.10) (0.12) (0.03) (0.02) w 8 w -26 30 -8 c w -20 -30 -12 c -20 24 26 2 20 -17 -4 -39 c c -16 2 -16 -17 26 c -51 -28 -17 -8 w (13.9) w (4.2) (18.9) (6.5) c w (19.6) (6.7) (12.7) c (5.2) (15.1) (7.2) (7.3) (3.5) (6.9) (9.2) (4.7) c c (8.7) (10.8) (3.5) (6.9) (16.3) c (7.4) (9.7) (2.9) (2.2) w 19 w -10 41 -1 c w 12 39 15 c -7 38 58 -1 13 21 -7 -10 c c -9 18 -5 -9 63 c -16 0 -3 12 S.E w (10.2) w (4.3) (7.7) (6.7) c w (18.3) (12.1) (10.0) c (4.8) (14.1) (6.9) (6.2) (3.4) (6.3) (5.7) (6.9) c c (8.7) (9.6) (4.3) (7.0) (19.2) c (10.0) (8.8) (2.7) (2.0) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay -0.98 -0.46 -1.35 m -1.17 -1.21 -0.12 0.13 -0.46 -1.41 0.19 -0.71 -0.68 -0.02 c 0.03 -1.50 0.00 0.11 -0.37 -0.10 -0.13 0.12 -0.31 -1.49 -1.20 -0.74 (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) m (0.08) (0.07) (0.01) (0.02) (0.17) (0.06) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) c (0.02) (0.05) (0.01) (0.01) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.03) (0.07) (0.03) 0.01 c 0.28 m -0.40 -0.20 c c -0.69 -1.71 0.31 -0.02 c a c c -0.90 c 0.75 a a c c -0.32 -1.15 c 0.77 (0.10) c (0.09) m (0.08) (0.14) c c (0.03) (0.07) (0.06) (0.07) c a c c (0.01) c (0.03) a a c c (0.06) (0.11) c (0.05) -0.99 c -1.63 m -0.77 -1.00 c c 0.23 0.30 -0.12 -0.69 c a c c -0.61 c -0.64 a a c c 0.02 -0.33 c -1.50 (0.11) c (0.09) m (0.11) (0.16) c c (0.18) (0.09) (0.08) (0.08) c a c c (0.04) c (0.03) a a c c (0.07) (0.12) c (0.06) -48 c -77 m -21 -19 c c 23 21 -19 -45 c a c c -42 c -90 a a c c 47 14 c -36 (9.1) c (11.4) m (6.7) (9.5) c c (6.3) (7.3) (9.9) (5.3) c a c c (4.6) c (4.4) a a c c (6.2) (5.8) c (6.6) -11 c -35 m -2 1 c c 12 12 -14 -34 c a c c -28 c -74 a a c c 46 21 c 27 (11.1) c (12.6) m (6.8) (12.0) c c (6.4) (6.3) (9.5) (5.7) c a c c (4.5) c (4.4) a a c c (4.3) (6.6) c (8.3) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 167 5 I. Data / données [Part 1/1] Table 5.5 School choice1 Tableau 5.5 Choix de l’établissement Number of schools competing for students in the same area Two or more other schools One other school No other schools Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 88.4 45.2 71.9 58.8 73.9 59.2 40.5 w 68.8 44.8 59.7 22.8 73.8 68.8 82.0 75.7 51.0 67.6 74.2 82.1 21.8 44.4 48.2 85.0 62.1 49.6 27.5 52.7 83.7 63.6 66.3 60.3 (1.5) (3.7) (2.9) (2.5) (3.2) (3.9) (4.2) w (3.3) (3.9) (3.9) (0.2) (3.5) (2.6) (2.8) (3.6) (0.1) (2.7) (3.0) (2.7) (3.3) (3.1) (4.3) (2.7) (2.6) (3.6) (2.8) (4.5) (2.3) (3.7) (1.2) (0.6) 5.2 19.2 18.6 18.5 12.1 18.2 15.5 w 14.2 14.9 15.9 5.0 9.8 12.0 7.6 8.7 15.7 16.7 15.3 7.1 12.4 20.5 24.7 6.4 17.7 13.5 14.1 15.6 8.7 10.5 12.6 13.6 (1.1) (3.1) (2.8) (2.4) (2.1) (3.1) (2.9) w (2.2) (3.1) (3.1) (0.1) (2.4) (1.7) (1.8) (2.2) (0.0) (2.8) (2.5) (2.0) (2.6) (3.3) (3.7) (1.9) (2.2) (2.5) (2.0) (3.5) (1.9) (2.6) (0.9) (0.5) 6.4 35.6 9.4 22.7 14.1 22.6 44.0 w 17.0 40.3 24.4 72.2 16.4 19.2 10.4 15.6 33.3 15.7 10.5 10.8 65.9 35.1 27.1 8.6 20.2 36.8 58.4 31.7 7.6 25.9 21.1 26.1 (1.1) (3.4) (2.0) (2.2) (2.5) (3.3) (3.7) w (2.6) (3.4) (3.6) (0.2) (2.7) (2.5) (2.2) (3.0) (0.1) (2.0) (2.2) (2.0) (3.6) (3.5) (3.9) (2.1) (2.2) (3.7) (2.7) (3.9) (1.5) (3.1) (1.0) (0.5) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 71.3 48.0 28.4 67.4 63.9 57.6 65.4 56.4 89.6 90.0 69.1 36.4 47.6 80.7 c 42.1 80.8 73.6 27.7 31.1 51.1 49.6 40.2 80.9 65.8 29.3 34.5 (4.0) (3.7) (2.3) (3.9) (3.6) (5.9) (4.1) (2.8) (2.5) (2.6) (3.8) (3.9) (3.2) (3.1) c (3.6) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (4.5) (4.8) (4.4) (0.5) (3.4) (4.4) (4.5) (2.4) 9.4 26.6 38.8 17.4 17.3 18.2 11.6 22.2 9.2 4.8 13.6 19.4 17.3 15.2 c 30.4 8.6 24.9 15.7 23.7 16.9 23.4 12.2 12.7 22.5 21.8 13.5 (2.4) (3.5) (2.6) (2.7) (3.4) (3.9) (2.2) (2.6) (2.4) (2.1) (3.4) (3.0) (3.0) (2.9) c (3.2) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (4.0) (2.6) (3.8) (0.3) (2.8) (3.9) (3.7) (2.0) 19.3 25.4 32.8 15.2 18.8 24.2 23.0 21.4 1.2 5.2 17.4 44.1 35.1 4.1 c 27.5 10.6 1.5 56.6 45.2 32.0 27.1 47.6 6.4 11.7 48.9 52.0 (3.5) (3.3) (2.4) (3.2) (3.3) (5.0) (3.5) (2.6) (0.9) (1.4) (3.2) (3.9) (2.9) (1.6) c (2.9) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (5.4) (4.3) (3.6) (0.5) (2.1) (2.9) (5.1) (2.9) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 168 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/1] Table 5.6 Parental expectations for high academic standards1 Tableau 5.6 Pressions parentales en faveur de performances scolaires élevées Parental expectations are characterised by pressure on the school to achieve high academic standards among students from Many parents A minority of parents Very few parents Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 37.0 4.0 8.4 31.9 28.0 25.7 1.4 w 5.0 15.2 29.1 13.4 42.5 21.7 39.2 17.2 1.8 23.3 8.7 43.5 8.8 23.5 7.1 14.4 8.9 43.4 10.2 14.2 37.8 35.5 26.5 20.7 (2.8) (1.5) (1.8) (2.4) (3.4) (3.1) (1.0) w (1.6) (2.8) (3.0) (0.2) (3.9) (2.1) (2.8) (3.0) (0.0) (2.0) (2.5) (3.4) (2.0) (3.0) (2.0) (3.2) (1.7) (3.8) (1.5) (2.9) (2.8) (4.3) (1.5) (0.5) 52.8 30.2 33.1 50.2 60.3 40.8 19.7 w 52.4 20.7 49.0 37.8 47.1 56.0 49.3 65.2 43.6 40.7 45.8 49.4 52.1 50.2 68.8 63.0 31.0 56.6 53.1 46.8 50.6 48.5 48.7 47.1 (2.8) (3.3) (2.8) (2.6) (3.7) (3.6) (3.4) w (3.5) (3.2) (4.1) (0.2) (4.0) (3.0) (3.2) (3.8) (0.1) (2.5) (4.4) (3.3) (3.5) (4.0) (3.7) (3.9) (2.5) (3.8) (3.0) (4.0) (2.9) (4.6) (1.5) (0.6) 10.2 65.8 58.5 17.9 11.7 33.4 78.9 w 42.6 64.1 21.9 48.8 10.4 22.3 11.5 17.6 54.6 36.0 45.5 7.1 39.1 26.3 24.1 22.6 60.1 0.0 36.7 39.0 11.7 16.0 24.8 32.2 (1.8) (3.4) (2.9) (2.0) (2.4) (3.8) (3.4) w (3.3) (4.0) (3.4) (0.3) (2.4) (2.4) (2.6) (2.9) (0.1) (3.0) (3.9) (1.7) (3.4) (3.8) (3.4) (2.9) (3.0) (0.0) (2.9) (3.9) (1.7) (3.4) (1.1) (0.5) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 11.1 17.6 21.1 22.8 19.0 11.8 5.8 24.2 3.2 23.4 33.3 23.1 36.9 14.4 c 7.6 1.6 8.6 26.6 11.6 14.4 2.0 21.2 27.7 28.3 5.8 6.8 (2.6) (3.2) (2.1) (3.6) (2.9) (5.0) (1.6) (2.8) (1.4) (3.8) (4.5) (2.9) (3.6) (2.8) c (2.2) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (2.9) (3.0) (1.0) (0.4) (3.1) (2.8) (2.0) (1.2) 33.8 49.3 49.2 55.5 52.2 38.4 39.6 52.3 73.4 60.4 38.2 52.2 52.8 31.4 c 54.6 54.4 63.2 38.2 27.4 61.6 53.1 43.4 66.4 40.9 37.1 36.6 (4.4) (4.7) (2.8) (4.5) (4.5) (4.9) (3.7) (3.5) (3.5) (4.9) (4.5) (4.1) (4.0) (3.7) c (4.0) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (4.0) (4.6) (3.9) (0.6) (3.2) (3.9) (4.4) (3.1) 55.2 33.1 29.7 21.7 28.8 49.8 54.6 23.5 23.4 16.2 28.5 24.7 10.3 54.2 c 37.9 44.0 28.2 35.2 61.1 24.1 45.0 35.4 5.9 30.8 57.1 56.6 (4.4) (4.1) (2.6) (3.7) (4.0) (4.5) (3.7) (2.9) (3.4) (2.7) (3.8) (3.3) (2.4) (3.8) c (3.7) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (4.9) (4.1) (4.0) (0.5) (1.5) (3.5) (4.6) (3.0) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 169 5 I. Data / données [Part 1/3] Table 5.7 Parents’ perceptions of school quality1 Tableau 5.7 Qualité des établissements selon l’avis des parents Percentage of students whose parents agree or strongly agree with the following statements regarding the school their children attend: Most of the teachers in the school seem competent and dedicated Standards of achievement are high in the school I am happy with the content taught and the instructional methods used in the school The school I am satisfied with My child’s progress provides regular the disciplinary is carefully and useful The school does atmosphere in monitored by information on a good job in the school the school my child’s progress educating students % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. (0.7) 77.3 (1.3) 77.3 (1.0) 74.3 (1.3) 71.6 (1.1) 68.4 (1.1) 78.0 (1.2) Germany 79.7 (0.7) 71.4 (1.1) 71.2 (0.9) 73.8 (1.1) 61.4 (1.1) 46.2 (1.1) 76.2 (0.9) Iceland 85.9 (0.6) 72.4 (0.9) 78.3 (0.8) 76.2 (0.7) 81.6 (0.7) 81.2 (0.7) 82.6 (0.7) 91.2 (0.3) 80.1 (0.5) 85.8 (0.5) 80.9 (0.6) 84.6 (0.5) 83.2 (0.6) 92.1 (0.4) Korea 83.3 (0.7) 71.5 (1.1) 76.8 (0.8) 78.4 (0.8) 66.1 (1.0) 62.7 (0.9) 79.4 (0.8) Luxembourg 84.5 (0.7) 76.6 (0.7) 75.4 (0.8) 82.9 (0.7) 71.7 (0.7) 58.1 (0.9) 83.5 (0.6) New Zealand 93.4 (0.4) 87.1 (0.7) 86.5 (0.6) 82.7 (0.8) 85.3 (0.7) 82.3 (0.8) 91.2 (0.6) Poland 90.1 (0.5) 88.4 (0.7) 83.8 (0.7) 79.9 (0.9) 82.4 (0.8) 92.7 (0.4) 90.0 (0.5) Portugal 93.8 (0.4) 76.1 (0.9) 86.6 (0.7) 80.4 (1.0) 83.6 (0.7) 83.4 (0.8) 89.1 (0.7) Turkey 86.7 (0.6) 72.9 (0.9) 73.4 (0.9) 81.9 (0.7) 63.8 (1.2) 66.9 (1.1) 85.0 (0.7) Bulgaria 95.4 (0.4) 87.2 (0.8) 90.6 (0.6) 80.3 (0.9) 83.5 (0.8) 84.8 (0.8) 94.3 (0.4) Colombia 94.4 (0.6) 86.2 (1.3) 92.6 (0.5) 82.7 (1.1) 93.4 (0.5) 92.5 (0.7) 95.8 (0.5) Croatia 92.2 (0.4) 65.8 (1.0) 85.0 (0.6) 82.2 (0.7) 78.0 (0.8) 83.8 (0.6) 91.7 (0.5) Hong Kong-China 89.7 (0.6) 53.8 (1.3) 82.1 (0.7) 88.5 (0.7) 75.3 (0.9) 57.1 (1.0) 78.8 (0.8) Macao-China 89.0 (0.5) 73.9 (0.7) 84.2 (0.6) 83.7 (0.6) 83.1 (0.6) 75.0 (0.7) 82.0 (0.6) Qatar 86.7 (0.5) 80.2 (0.6) 78.4 (0.7) 79.4 (0.7) 75.7 (0.6) 64.7 (0.7) 84.7 (0.7) Country average Partners S.E. 87.8 Italy OECD % Denmark 89.0 (0.1) 76.3 (0.2) 81.8 (0.2) 80.5 (0.2) 77.6 (0.2) 73.9 (0.2) 85.9 (0.2) Performance on the science scale by parents’ agreement with “most of the teachers in the school seem competent and dedicated” Performance on the science scale by parents’ agreement with “standards of achievement are high in the school” Difference science Click Here To ViewinThe Agreement. performance between Strongly agree or agree Disagree or strongly disagree “strongly agree or agree” and “disagree or strongly disagree” Strongly agree or agree Disagree or strongly disagree Difference in science performance between “strongly agree or agree” and “disagree or strongly disagree” Mean score S.E. Dif. (agree - disagree) S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Dif. (agree - disagree) S.E. Denmark 516 (2.9) 486 (5.3) 30.3 (5.6) 517 (2.9) 499 (4.6) 18.0 (4.8) Germany 530 (3.7) 524 (4.6) 5.7 (4.2) 537 (3.5) 507 (4.6) 30.5 (3.9) Iceland 512 (1.8) 485 (5.1) 26.6 (5.1) 510 (2.2) 501 (3.5) 9.0 (4.2) 481 (2.1) 483 (4.4) -1.7 (4.1) 486 (2.2) 462 (3.5) 24.0 (3.7) Korea 523 (3.6) 523 (3.9) -0.3 (4.3) 532 (3.7) 502 (4.4) 30.2 (5.1) Luxembourg 496 (1.6) 493 (4.3) 2.5 (4.8) 501 (1.7) 475 (3.1) 26.0 (3.6) New Zealand 553 (2.6) 530 (7.0) 22.7 (7.3) 553 (2.8) 539 (4.9) 13.9 (5.5) Poland 500 (2.4) 507 (4.2) -6.5 (4.0) 502 (2.4) 498 (4.2) 4.9 (4.0) Portugal 477 (2.9) 479 (6.8) -1.2 (6.7) 482 (3.1) 465 (3.8) 16.9 (4.0) Turkey 424 (3.6) 427 (7.2) -3.3 (5.5) 431 (4.6) 407 (3.3) 24.4 (4.3) Bulgaria 433 (6.2) 436 (10.0) -2.6 (9.2) 435 (6.5) 420 (7.3) 14.9 (7.3) Colombia 388 (3.4) 396 (6.8) -8.2 (6.8) 391 (3.4) 376 (5.8) 15.0 (5.8) Croatia 495 (2.5) 502 (5.3) -7.2 (4.9) 510 (2.6) 467 (3.1) 43.3 (3.3) Hong Kong-China 547 (2.5) 519 (4.8) 28.1 (4.8) 567 (3.4) 519 (2.7) 48.0 (4.0) Macao-China 513 (1.3) 496 (3.5) 16.7 (3.9) 515 (1.3) 498 (2.2) 17.5 (2.6) Qatar Country average Partners S.E. Italy OECD Mean score 362 484 (1.3) (0.8) 360 478 (3.8) (1.4) 1.8 6.4 (4.1) (1.4) 363 490 (1.5) (0.8) 357 468 (2.7) (1.0) 5.7 21.4 (3.1) (1.1) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from parents of the students who were assessed and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 170 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 2/3] Table 5.7 Parents’ perceptions of school quality1 Tableau 5.7 Qualité des établissements selon l’avis des parents Performance on the science scale by parents’ agreement with “I am happy with the content taught and the instructional methods used in the school” Strongly agree or agree Disagree or strongly disagree Performance on the science scale by parents’ agreement with “I am satisfied with the disciplinary atmosphere in the school” Difference in science performance between “strongly agree or agree” and “disagree or strongly disagree” Strongly agree or agree Disagree or strongly disagree Difference in science performance between “strongly agree or agree” and “disagree or strongly disagree” Mean score S.E. Dif. (agree - disagree) S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Dif. (agree - disagree) S.E. Denmark 518 (3.0) 496 (4.3) 21.8 (4.6) 516 (3.2) 501 (4.3) 15.4 (5.1) Germany 529 (4.0) 525 (3.7) 4.0 (3.7) 534 (3.9) 513 (3.9) 20.8 (4.1) Iceland 510 (2.0) 498 (4.1) 12.0 (4.6) 510 (2.2) 498 (4.0) 12.5 (4.8) 481 (2.1) 482 (4.2) -0.8 (4.0) 483 (2.4) 475 (3.3) 8.2 (3.7) Korea 523 (3.6) 522 (3.7) 1.0 (3.5) 526 (3.6) 514 (3.9) 11.5 (4.1) Luxembourg 491 (1.7) 505 (2.8) -13.9 (3.5) 497 (1.5) 486 (3.9) 11.1 (4.2) New Zealand 553 (2.7) 539 (5.1) 14.0 (5.6) 555 (2.7) 531 (4.2) 24.7 (4.3) Poland 500 (2.5) 509 (4.0) -9.2 (4.1) 502 (2.4) 500 (3.5) 2.2 (3.3) Portugal 477 (3.1) 479 (4.5) -1.3 (4.9) 479 (3.2) 473 (3.8) 5.6 (4.2) Turkey 421 (4.0) 434 (5.1) -12.6 (4.4) 426 (4.0) 420 (5.0) 6.2 (4.3) Bulgaria 431 (6.3) 456 (7.9) -25.3 (7.3) 432 (6.6) 439 (5.9) -6.9 (4.9) Colombia 387 (3.4) 404 (6.6) -16.2 (6.9) 389 (3.6) 388 (4.2) 0.8 (4.6) Croatia 492 (2.7) 513 (3.7) -21.2 (4.0) 497 (2.7) 486 (3.6) 10.9 (3.7) Hong Kong-China 548 (2.5) 527 (3.7) 21.1 (3.5) 550 (2.4) 501 (5.4) 48.8 (5.6) Macao-China 512 (1.3) 505 (2.8) 6.3 (3.3) 513 (1.3) 499 (3.2) 14.0 (3.6) Qatar 363 (1.6) 358 (3.1) 4.6 (3.8) 362 (1.4) 361 (3.2) 1.1 (3.6) Country average Partners S.E. Italy OECD Mean score 484 (0.8) 485 (1.1) -1.0 (1.2) 486 (0.8) 474 (1.0) 11.7 (1.1) Performance on the science scale by parents’ agreement with “my child’s progress is carefully monitored by the school” Performance on the science scale by parents’ agreement with “the school provides regular and useful information on my child’s progress” Difference science Click Here To ViewinThe Agreement. performance between Strongly agree or agree Disagree or strongly disagree “strongly agree or agree” and “disagree or strongly disagree” Strongly agree or agree Disagree or strongly disagree Difference in science performance between “strongly agree or agree” and “disagree or strongly disagree” Mean score S.E. Dif. (agree - disagree) S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Dif. (agree - disagree) S.E. Denmark 517 (2.9) 501 (4.1) 15.4 (3.8) 518 (3.0) 500 (3.8) 17.5 (3.9) Germany 525 (4.2) 534 (4.0) -9.8 (4.1) 515 (4.7) 541 (3.3) -26.1 (4.1) Iceland 512 (1.9) 487 (4.7) 25.7 (5.1) 512 (2.1) 489 (4.3) 23.3 (4.9) 481 (2.1) 481 (3.6) 0.6 (3.2) 479 (2.1) 492 (3.2) -13.5 (2.7) Korea 525 (3.8) 520 (3.4) 4.2 (3.5) 521 (4.0) 526 (3.3) -4.8 (3.5) Luxembourg 491 (1.9) 505 (2.6) -14.4 (3.6) 483 (2.1) 512 (2.1) -28.4 (3.2) New Zealand 554 (2.7) 532 (5.4) 22.7 (5.6) 554 (2.7) 537 (5.1) 17.4 (5.3) Poland 501 (2.3) 505 (4.0) -3.4 (3.7) 501 (2.3) 508 (5.2) -7.4 (4.8) Portugal 476 (3.0) 485 (4.0) -9.3 (3.6) 473 (3.0) 500 (4.1) -27.1 (4.1) Turkey Partners S.E. Italy OECD Mean score 421 (4.0) 431 (4.6) -9.6 (3.3) 419 (4.2) 436 (4.3) -16.6 (3.6) Bulgaria 427 (6.2) 465 (7.2) -37.8 (5.7) 427 (6.1) 472 (9.1) -45.1 (7.6) Colombia 390 (3.3) 382 (6.9) 7.7 (6.2) 388 (3.3) 400 (6.2) -11.3 (6.0) Croatia 492 (2.7) 507 (3.4) -15.0 (3.4) 493 (2.7) 508 (3.9) -14.7 (3.9) Hong Kong-China 546 (2.6) 539 (3.8) 7.7 (3.8) 545 (3.1) 544 (2.6) 1.0 (3.1) Macao-China 511 (1.2) 508 (3.2) 3.4 (3.6) 510 (1.4) 513 (2.3) -3.2 (2.9) Qatar Country average 362 483 (1.5) (0.8) 363 484 (3.1) (1.1) -0.8 -0.8 (3.8) (1.1) 359 481 (1.6) (0.8) 368 490 (2.7) (1.1) -8.6 -9.2 (3.4) (1.1) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from parents of the students who were assessed and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 171 5 I. Data / données [Part 3/3] Table 5.7 Parents’ perceptions of school quality1 Tableau 5.7 Qualité des établissements selon l’avis des parents Performance on the science scale by parents’ agreement with “the school does a good job in educating students” Strongly agree or agree Disagree or strongly disagree Difference in science performance between “strongly agree or agree” and “disagree or strongly disagree” Mean score S.E. Dif. (agree – disagree) S.E. (3.1) 489 (4.5) 29.7 (5.0) Germany 532 (3.7) 517 (4.4) 14.9 (3.9) Iceland 512 (2.0) 488 (5.0) 24.1 (5.5) 482 (2.1) 474 (4.3) 7.3 (4.0) Korea 525 (3.6) 515 (4.2) 10.4 (4.3) Luxembourg 497 (1.5) 487 (3.7) 9.7 (4.0) New Zealand 554 (2.7) 522 (6.3) 32.3 (6.8) Poland 501 (2.3) 508 (4.9) -6.2 (4.4) Portugal 477 (3.1) 482 (5.3) -5.0 (5.5) Turkey 426 (4.0) 419 (5.0) 6.7 (4.5) Bulgaria 433 (6.4) 437 (8.6) -3.4 (9.0) Colombia 388 (3.4) 395 (6.4) -6.8 (6.5) Croatia 496 (2.6) 488 (4.7) 7.8 (4.4) Hong Kong-China 550 (2.6) 524 (3.5) 26.3 (3.7) Macao-China 513 (1.3) 501 (3.3) 12.3 (3.9) Qatar Country average Partners S.E. 519 Italy OECD Mean score Denmark 364 486 (1.5) (0.8) 353 475 (3.7) (1.3) 11.1 10.7 (4.2) (1.3) Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from parents of the students who were assessed and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 Click Here To View The Agreement. 172 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/1] Table 5.8 Use of achievement data for accountability purposes1 Tableau 5.8 Usage des résultats scolaires aux fins de responsabilisation Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that achievement data are Posted publicly Used in evaluation of Used in evaluation the principal’s performance of teachers’ performance Used in decisions about instructional resource allocation to the school Tracked over time by an administrative authority Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 60.3 7.9 5.0 64.2 46.7 43.7 4.5 w 14.2 31.9 27.8 26.1 18.1 33.2 10.8 16.5 51.8 37.8 82.9 66.9 47.1 42.6 33.1 28.3 11.4 66.6 6.6 35.3 92.7 90.6 51.6 38.1 (2.6) (2.2) (1.4) (2.7) (4.2) (3.6) (1.4) w (2.0) (3.9) (3.4) (0.2) (2.9) (2.9) (2.7) (3.3) (0.1) (2.8) (3.0) (3.1) (3.4) (3.9) (4.1) (3.2) (2.3) (3.3) (1.3) (4.0) (1.6) (1.9) (1.0) (0.5) 47.6 22.0 6.7 22.0 62.4 15.0 3.0 w 19.5 6.0 69.2 9.8 5.8 20.6 10.0 23.1 a 36.8 30.7 38.3 34.9 78.3 14.0 51.3 13.7 39.7 5.5 51.3 91.1 56.8 41.4 31.6 (3.1) (3.7) (1.8) (2.3) (4.2) (2.8) (1.3) w (2.7) (2.0) (3.9) (0.2) (1.9) (2.2) (2.3) (3.2) a (2.9) (3.6) (3.1) (3.6) (3.0) (2.8) (3.6) (2.2) (4.2) (1.4) (4.1) (1.5) (3.6) (1.2) (0.6) 43.0 26.3 14.5 19.0 90.7 21.6 13.8 w 28.5 9.2 91.8 24.9 29.5 24.6 25.7 34.4 4.8 82.7 72.8 46.7 39.7 88.6 39.5 75.3 41.8 48.7 8.3 75.4 93.7 41.6 49.0 43.3 (3.0) (3.7) (2.3) (2.0) (2.0) (3.2) (2.9) w (2.7) (2.5) (2.5) (0.2) (3.9) (2.0) (3.7) (3.7) (0.0) (2.3) (3.5) (3.2) (3.7) (2.1) (4.3) (3.4) (3.1) (4.0) (1.3) (3.5) (1.3) (3.6) (1.2) (0.5) 57.6 19.5 23.4 56.6 8.9 31.4 7.3 w 26.0 1.5 8.8 3.3 46.9 53.5 6.1 30.1 7.1 18.2 14.2 69.3 11.4 12.2 57.2 15.3 43.1 45.9 24.7 32.8 63.5 79.4 44.2 30.2 (3.0) (3.0) (2.5) (2.5) (2.8) (3.8) (2.1) w (2.9) (0.9) (2.5) (0.1) (4.2) (2.6) (1.9) (4.1) (0.0) (2.3) (2.7) (2.8) (2.4) (2.3) (3.9) (2.9) (3.5) (4.1) (2.8) (3.6) (3.8) (3.2) (1.2) (0.5) 87.9 60.4 56.3 90.8 56.0 33.8 54.2 w 55.2 48.8 40.4 82.0 47.8 21.7 15.7 51.8 80.1 91.4 86.2 91.8 52.9 77.9 69.4 76.1 64.4 83.4 35.9 80.6 92.4 96.6 73.1 64.9 (2.1) (3.7) (3.2) (1.1) (4.1) (3.4) (4.1) w (2.8) (4.1) (3.8) (0.2) (4.3) (2.4) (2.5) (4.1) (0.0) (1.1) (2.6) (1.8) (4.1) (3.2) (4.2) (3.8) (2.6) (3.0) (2.3) (3.3) (1.5) (1.1) (0.7) (0.6) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 5.9 81.2 25.9 19.5 37.8 34.8 32.5 50.7 56.3 13.7 36.1 28.6 61.2 32.0 c 26.9 10.3 82.5 56.6 68.6 75.3 52.9 35.8 31.8 72.2 18.4 13.2 (1.7) (3.3) (2.8) (3.3) (4.5) (5.4) (3.4) (3.5) (4.6) (2.6) (3.6) (3.6) (3.6) (3.8) c (3.1) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (5.2) (3.6) (4.0) (0.3) (3.5) (3.7) (3.4) (2.2) 19.2 87.1 53.8 31.4 39.4 41.4 24.4 57.1 28.2 88.4 73.6 47.6 84.6 36.5 c 46.8 4.3 37.8 66.7 89.1 88.8 38.4 24.3 13.8 75.0 68.7 14.8 (3.5) (2.9) (2.7) (4.0) (4.4) (5.1) (3.7) (3.4) (3.5) (2.3) (4.2) (3.7) (2.9) (4.3) c (4.1) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (2.4) (2.2) (4.3) (0.3) (2.3) (3.6) (4.4) (2.2) 53.8 98.2 78.1 58.9 56.2 72.8 39.1 86.0 63.4 96.9 93.6 82.5 99.5 90.6 c 84.3 41.1 71.3 93.3 97.1 100.0 66.1 27.4 30.2 86.4 82.4 46.1 (4.3) (1.2) (2.3) (4.2) (4.5) (4.2) (4.0) (2.4) (3.9) (1.6) (2.1) (2.9) (0.4) (2.1) c (2.8) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (1.0) (0.0) (4.2) (0.3) (2.5) (3.0) (2.8) (3.3) 31.0 69.0 70.7 15.0 86.5 66.0 11.0 18.7 51.2 85.5 72.5 52.5 74.6 32.7 c 26.7 30.8 20.9 42.4 77.5 66.2 14.0 a 19.3 76.0 63.9 13.9 (4.2) (4.3) (2.6) (3.2) (2.8) (4.7) (2.5) (2.4) (3.9) (2.6) (3.6) (3.7) (3.0) (3.8) c (3.2) (0.1) (0.1) (0.2) (3.4) (4.8) (2.9) a (2.8) (3.2) (5.0) (2.0) 50.1 68.8 87.9 71.4 78.9 80.0 83.0 88.4 61.7 63.0 70.9 80.5 97.6 51.6 c 73.6 50.2 89.6 83.6 70.3 100.0 65.7 69.6 31.9 81.7 81.6 66.0 (4.5) (4.4) (1.5) (3.8) (3.9) (3.9) (3.2) (2.4) (4.1) (3.3) (3.8) (3.4) (1.0) (4.0) c (3.0) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (4.1) (0.0) (4.0) (0.4) (3.1) (2.9) (4.0) (2.6) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 173 5 I. Data / données [Part 1/1] Table 5.9 School accountability to parents1 Tableau 5.9 Responsabilité des établissements à l’égard des parents Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that the school provided information to parents on student performance relative to Other students in the same school Other students in other schools National or regional benchmarks Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 59.4 28.5 35.1 79.3 65.7 31.4 15.4 w 67.8 70.5 70.8 41.4 38.9 18.8 40.2 84.1 78.3 87.7 35.4 49.9 39.2 78.7 47.3 94.3 50.0 12.0 49.1 88.1 54.7 65.9 63.1 54.4 (2.5) (3.1) (2.6) (1.5) (3.6) (3.9) (3.0) w (3.2) (3.6) (3.9) (0.2) (3.7) (2.2) (3.4) (3.1) (0.1) (1.9) (3.8) (3.4) (3.5) (3.0) (4.5) (1.7) (3.2) (2.5) (3.1) (3.2) (3.2) (4.2) (1.4) (0.6) 19.7 10.3 0.8 33.9 34.8 42.7 16.2 w 27.4 5.9 20.6 32.3 7.4 8.2 a 42.0 13.2 38.7 11.5 36.8 30.5 45.6 3.5 56.4 9.7 23.3 17.1 74.1 36.2 64.1 43.0 27.2 (2.2) (2.0) (0.6) (2.6) (3.1) (4.1) (3.0) w (2.9) (1.9) (3.4) (0.2) (2.1) (1.4) a (4.1) (0.0) (2.4) (2.6) (3.3) (3.5) (3.7) (1.4) (3.9) (1.8) (3.5) (2.1) (3.7) (3.1) (4.5) (1.7) (0.5) 50.2 8.8 14.1 61.2 57.1 49.5 47.1 w 31.4 16.5 32.9 49.1 26.3 19.7 80.0 78.0 13.2 36.2 18.7 74.2 65.3 78.6 31.8 61.2 10.7 94.4 23.2 71.7 80.2 85.9 62.9 47.1 (2.6) (2.1) (2.1) (2.4) (3.1) (3.8) (4.2) w (2.8) (2.8) (3.9) (0.2) (3.8) (2.3) (3.3) (3.3) (0.0) (2.5) (3.3) (2.9) (3.9) (3.2) (3.6) (3.5) (2.0) (1.7) (1.9) (3.7) (2.6) (3.1) (1.1) (0.5) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 65.0 97.7 84.9 81.2 73.0 87.9 60.0 40.6 85.6 97.8 55.1 91.0 90.7 31.9 c 56.7 38.9 82.6 89.0 94.8 90.6 92.1 27.5 66.4 83.3 73.7 47.9 (4.6) (1.5) (2.0) (3.2) (4.4) (2.7) (3.7) (3.4) (2.7) (1.5) (3.9) (2.2) (2.2) (3.3) c (3.9) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (1.7) (2.1) (2.3) (0.3) (3.9) (3.0) (3.9) (3.1) 21.6 71.5 59.9 34.4 47.9 24.9 22.7 21.1 5.8 74.4 23.7 38.2 64.7 25.0 c 24.5 4.0 17.6 50.8 67.3 61.0 28.1 2.3 20.1 42.6 27.3 4.2 (3.6) (3.5) (2.8) (4.1) (4.8) (3.9) (3.4) (3.0) (1.9) (3.3) (3.7) (4.0) (3.4) (3.6) c (3.5) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (4.2) (3.9) (3.3) (0.2) (2.5) (3.9) (3.9) (1.1) 66.5 87.1 59.7 46.0 89.2 91.8 a 62.9 14.7 88.7 31.7 40.8 80.5 30.8 c a 1.5 20.8 58.2 74.1 74.4 28.1 36.8 21.1 52.1 30.0 14.7 (3.7) (2.8) (2.9) (4.9) (3.1) (2.5) a (3.6) (3.6) (2.4) (3.6) (4.1) (3.0) (4.1) c a (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (4.0) (3.8) (3.2) (0.4) (3.1) (4.0) (3.9) (2.1) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 174 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/4] Table 5.10 Involvement of schools in decision making1 Tableau 5.10 Participation des établissements à la prise de décisions Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that only the school, only the government, or both the school and the government have considerable responsibility for the following aspects of school policy and management Selecting teachers for hire Cross-country correlation between the percentage of schools having considerable responsibility (“school only” and “school and government”) and performance in science2 OECD Partners Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay Establishing teachers’ starting salaries P-value Correlation coefficient P-value Correlation coefficient P-value 0.43 (0.00) 0.32 (0.02) 0.20 (0.14) School only Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average Dismissing teachers Correlation coefficient School and government Government only School only School and government Government only School only School and government Government only S.E. (2.0) (3.9) (2.7) (2.8) (0.5) (1.3) (4.2) w (2.8) (0.3) (1.4) (0.1) (2.0) (2.3) (0.8) (2.0) (0.1) (0.7) (0.0) (0.0) (2.6) (2.4) (2.3) (0.0) (0.5) (1.1) (1.4) (1.4) (0.9) (1.7) (0.4) % 26.2 66.8 12.1 16.4 0.0 2.3 36.6 w 55.2 94.8 0.1 0.2 17.2 77.3 66.5 55.9 39.5 47.3 0.0 0.0 25.9 0.1 78.0 0.0 65.2 0.0 4.0 93.9 0.1 0.0 30.4 S.E. (2.1) (4.3) (1.5) (1.8) (0.0) (1.2) (4.0) w (3.3) (1.2) (0.1) (0.1) (1.9) (2.3) (1.5) (4.1) (0.1) (2.3) (0.0) (0.0) (3.2) (0.1) (2.9) (0.0) (1.0) (0.0) (0.3) (2.1) (0.1) (0.0) (0.4) % 37.3 4.5 61.7 22.1 98.8 49.6 13.6 w 7.4 4.6 94.5 90.6 62.2 4.8 32.3 33.8 20.1 36.1 99.5 96.9 35.5 88.8 10.6 99.0 34.8 57.7 73.8 2.3 71.6 99.8 49.8 S.E. (1.9) (2.1) (2.1) (1.8) (0.5) (3.4) (2.4) w (1.9) (1.5) (1.8) (0.1) (2.4) (0.8) (1.2) (3.7) (0.0) (2.3) (0.5) (1.4) (3.7) (2.5) (1.4) (0.6) (1.0) (3.7) (2.1) (1.4) (2.7) (0.2) (0.4) % 8.1 18.5 20.1 24.8 1.2 18.2 18.0 w 10.0 0.8 4.7 4.1 11.4 9.2 1.2 5.7 27.2 2.7 0.0 2.4 16.1 9.7 0.5 1.0 0.1 22.4 13.4 1.5 22.1 0.2 9.5 S.E. (1.7) (3.1) (2.7) (2.5) (0.5) (2.7) (3.2) w (1.9) (0.5) (1.6) (0.1) (2.0) (1.4) (0.8) (1.7) (0.1) (0.7) (0.0) (1.2) (2.6) (2.4) (0.6) (0.6) (0.1) (3.8) (1.7) (1.1) (2.8) (0.2) (0.3) % 54.5 77.1 18.2 53.1 0.0 32.2 68.4 w 82.6 94.6 0.8 5.2 26.4 86.0 66.5 60.4 52.7 61.2 0.5 0.7 48.4 1.4 88.9 0.0 65.0 19.9 12.8 96.2 6.3 0.0 40.7 S.E. (2.3) (3.4) (2.3) (2.6) (0.0) (3.5) (3.4) w (2.6) (1.2) (0.7) (0.1) (2.0) (1.6) (1.5) (4.0) (0.1) (2.4) (0.5) (0.7) (3.6) (0.9) (1.5) (0.0) (1.0) (3.0) (1.6) (1.8) (0.4) (0.0) (0.4) % 13.1 0.9 0.4 11.4 72.7 16.4 5.1 w 3.7 0.7 48.7 11.5 3.8 2.7 32.3 13.3 12.8 22.2 74.6 12.8 11.1 14.0 4.6 40.6 6.2 57.5 6.9 3.8 54.9 79.5 22.0 S.E. (1.1) (0.7) (0.4) (1.3) (3.6) (2.9) (1.7) w (1.1) (0.6) (4.0) (0.2) (1.5) (1.1) (1.2) (2.7) (0.0) (2.3) (3.0) (2.1) (2.3) (2.9) (1.1) (3.9) (1.4) (3.5) (1.1) (1.4) (3.0) (3.3) (0.4) % 4.7 0.0 0.7 9.1 18.1 20.6 5.8 w 1.5 0.4 13.5 0.8 2.5 0.2 0.0 3.1 0.0 0.6 6.6 2.5 4.5 12.9 0.0 19.8 2.8 21.3 6.9 0.0 26.9 11.2 6.8 S.E. (1.4) (0.0) (0.5) (1.5) (3.1) (3.2) (2.0) w (1.0) (0.4) (2.5) (0.1) (1.3) (0.2) (0.0) (1.4) (0.0) (0.4) (1.7) (0.8) (1.6) (2.8) (0.0) (2.8) (1.0) (3.3) (1.4) (0.0) (3.1) (2.2) (0.3) % 82.1 99.1 98.8 79.5 9.2 63.0 89.1 w 94.8 98.9 37.8 87.6 93.7 97.1 67.7 83.6 87.2 77.1 18.8 84.7 84.4 73.1 95.4 39.6 91.0 21.2 86.2 96.2 18.2 9.3 71.2 S.E. (1.6) (0.7) (0.7) (1.9) (2.0) (3.7) (2.3) w (1.8) (0.7) (3.9) (0.2) (1.8) (1.1) (1.2) (3.0) (0.0) (2.4) (2.8) (2.2) (2.6) (3.8) (1.1) (3.9) (1.7) (3.1) (1.8) (1.4) (1.9) (2.8) (0.4) (2.0) (2.3) (2.1) (2.3) (1.5) (0.9) (1.4) (1.4) (1.6) (3.3) (4.4) (0.3) (3.1) (1.8) c (1.0) (0.0) (0.1) (0.0) (1.9) (2.1) (2.3) (0.2) (2.9) (3.1) (0.6) (0.7) 44.7 11.2 57.6 0.2 38.1 79.1 0.0 1.7 2.7 48.6 5.5 90.6 25.6 0.0 c 0.6 1.6 0.0 68.6 91.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.8 54.7 95.7 80.6 (3.5) (2.3) (2.5) (0.1) (2.8) (2.6) (0.0) (1.0) (0.1) (4.2) (1.6) (1.3) (3.2) (0.0) c (0.4) (0.0) (0.0) (0.1) (2.3) (0.1) (0.0) (0.0) (1.0) (3.7) (1.5) (1.1) 35.9 91.8 22.2 92.5 57.6 20.0 86.7 96.9 82.4 36.0 41.7 9.3 52.1 96.5 c 97.3 96.2 88.2 31.2 9.1 94.1 82.8 79.3 79.9 58.0 2.4 15.7 (4.3) (2.1) (2.0) (2.4) (2.7) (2.5) (2.4) (1.1) (2.4) (3.9) (4.4) (1.2) (3.3) (1.4) c (1.2) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (2.7) (1.9) (3.3) (0.3) (3.0) (4.2) (1.0) (0.9) 7.5 2.9 7.6 7.5 2.6 3.4 11.9 1.9 12.2 15.7 41.2 0.0 14.9 3.5 c 2.5 0.0 11.8 0.8 13.1 5.4 15.2 18.8 19.5 14.8 1.0 0.6 (2.9) (1.1) (1.4) (2.4) (1.5) (2.1) (2.3) (1.1) (2.7) (3.4) (4.4) (0.0) (2.8) (1.4) c (1.2) (0.0) (0.1) (0.0) (2.7) (1.9) (3.1) (0.3) (3.1) (2.9) (1.0) (0.1) 56.6 5.3 70.2 0.0 39.7 76.6 1.3 1.1 5.4 48.3 17.1 90.7 33.0 0.0 c 0.2 3.8 0.0 68.0 77.9 0.5 2.0 1.9 0.6 27.2 96.7 83.7 (3.8) (1.7) (2.4) (0.0) (2.8) (3.1) (1.0) (0.8) (1.1) (4.2) (2.8) (1.2) (3.0) (0.0) c (0.2) (0.0) (0.0) (0.1) (3.6) (0.4) (1.0) (0.0) (0.4) (3.9) (1.4) (0.9) 4.0 31.8 15.4 8.5 47.6 12.9 1.4 11.1 18.0 37.4 16.7 8.5 21.5 15.5 c 11.4 96.2 0.3 25.5 5.3 19.6 6.6 2.9 22.6 27.2 2.3 13.3 (2.2) (3.8) (1.5) (2.3) (3.0) (1.9) (0.8) (2.0) (2.6) (3.6) (3.3) (0.9) (3.1) (2.9) c (2.3) (0.0) (0.0) (0.1) (2.1) (2.8) (2.0) (0.1) (2.9) (2.9) (1.0) (0.8) 2.1 2.1 0.8 6.1 6.0 2.2 1.3 23.2 25.0 13.2 3.6 0.0 3.1 24.0 c 8.0 0.0 3.9 4.0 2.8 17.5 8.6 9.7 9.3 7.9 0.0 0.6 (1.2) (1.2) (0.5) (2.0) (2.0) (0.6) (0.9) (3.0) (3.7) (2.6) (1.9) (0.0) (1.2) (3.6) c (2.1) (0.0) (0.0) (0.1) (1.4) (3.2) (2.1) (0.2) (2.5) (2.1) (0.0) (0.1) 94.0 66.1 83.9 85.4 46.4 84.9 97.3 65.7 57.0 49.4 79.7 91.5 75.5 60.5 c 80.6 3.8 95.8 70.5 91.9 62.9 84.8 87.4 68.1 64.9 97.7 86.2 (2.5) (3.9) (1.5) (3.0) (2.9) (2.0) (1.2) (3.3) (4.2) (4.1) (3.8) (0.9) (3.2) (4.2) c (2.6) (0.0) (0.0) (0.1) (2.7) (4.0) (2.6) (0.2) (2.5) (3.2) (1.0) (0.8) % 58.1 7.5 72.2 49.4 98.8 94.9 27.5 w 15.0 4.8 97.0 98.3 76.2 5.2 32.3 37.0 15.7 49.6 100.0 100.0 58.9 90.1 13.7 100.0 34.0 97.8 86.1 3.0 94.3 97.7 59.1 S.E. (1.5) (2.5) (2.5) (2.5) (0.5) (1.7) (3.0) w (2.5) (1.5) (1.4) (0.1) (1.8) (0.8) (1.2) (3.9) (0.0) (2.2) (0.0) (0.0) (3.8) (2.4) (2.0) (0.0) (1.1) (1.1) (1.5) (1.6) (0.9) (1.7) (0.4) % 15.7 25.7 15.7 34.2 1.2 2.7 35.9 w 29.8 0.3 2.9 1.5 6.6 17.5 1.2 7.1 44.8 3.1 0.0 0.0 15.1 9.8 8.4 0.0 0.7 2.2 9.9 3.1 5.6 2.3 10.5 49.2 79.7 28.6 92.9 59.2 19.2 94.5 95.3 89.7 32.8 52.2 9.1 56.2 93.7 c 97.2 96.2 96.8 31.1 2.6 92.9 89.9 86.8 81.4 30.4 3.7 16.7 (3.7) (3.1) (2.3) (2.3) (2.8) (2.4) (1.4) (1.4) (1.6) (3.6) (4.2) (1.4) (3.4) (1.8) c (1.1) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (1.2) (2.0) (2.3) (0.2) (2.8) (2.6) (1.4) (0.9) 6.1 9.2 13.8 7.0 2.7 1.6 5.5 3.0 7.6 18.6 42.3 0.3 18.2 6.3 c 2.2 2.2 3.2 0.3 6.3 6.9 10.1 13.2 16.8 14.9 0.6 2.8 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant at the 5% level (p< 0.05) are indicated in bold. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 2. The cross-country correlation is based on all participating countries where the data are available. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 175 5 I. Data / données [Part 2/4] Table 5.10 Involvement of schools in decision making1 Tableau 5.10 Participation des établissements à la prise de décisions Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that only the school, only the government, or both the school and the government have considerable responsibility for the following aspects of school policy and management Determining teachers’ salary increases Cross-country correlation between the percentage of schools having considerable responsibility (“school only” and “school and government”) and performance in science2 Formulating the school budget Deciding on budget allocations within the school Correlation coefficient P-value Correlation coefficient P-value Correlation coefficient P-value 0.22 (0.11) 0.47 (0.00) 0.54 (0.00) Partners OECD School only School and government Government only School only School and government Government only School only School and government Government only Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average % 16.1 0.0 0.4 11.7 64.6 16.2 5.3 w 3.8 1.9 51.2 5.1 2.9 2.7 32.3 6.1 12.8 21.8 61.1 22.7 7.7 6.0 4.0 32.9 6.7 61.4 10.1 2.3 69.1 78.3 21.3 S.E. (1.6) (0.0) (0.4) (1.5) (3.8) (3.0) (1.9) w (1.1) (1.3) (4.1) (0.1) (1.3) (1.1) (1.2) (1.9) (0.0) (2.4) (3.8) (2.6) (2.0) (1.6) (1.0) (4.0) (1.4) (3.6) (1.5) (1.4) (3.0) (3.1) (0.4) % 7.2 0.0 0.7 10.8 23.9 23.2 4.0 w 5.6 0.9 19.7 11.3 1.9 0.2 1.1 1.2 0.0 0.2 8.6 12.6 16.7 16.6 0.8 19.0 2.3 32.0 11.2 0.0 21.0 15.7 9.3 S.E. (1.5) (0.0) (0.5) (1.6) (3.6) (3.2) (1.6) w (1.8) (0.6) (3.2) (0.1) (1.1) (0.0) (0.8) (0.9) (0.0) (0.1) (2.2) (1.9) (3.0) (2.9) (0.6) (2.5) (0.7) (3.5) (1.7) (0.0) (3.0) (3.1) (0.4) % 76.7 100.0 98.8 77.4 11.5 60.6 90.7 w 90.6 97.3 29.2 83.6 95.2 97.0 66.6 92.7 87.2 78.0 30.3 64.7 75.6 77.3 95.2 48.1 91.1 6.6 78.7 97.7 10.0 5.9 69.5 S.E. (1.6) (0.0) (0.7) (2.0) (2.2) (3.6) (2.5) w (2.3) (1.5) (3.6) (0.2) (1.7) (1.1) (1.5) (2.1) (0.0) (2.4) (3.8) (3.0) (3.4) (3.3) (1.2) (3.9) (1.6) (2.0) (2.1) (1.4) (0.9) (1.4) (0.4) % 71.0 15.7 55.8 29.1 54.7 81.5 30.0 w 79.0 60.8 73.7 45.0 66.0 17.9 38.7 68.8 38.7 58.4 98.5 92.1 55.7 6.0 69.8 52.1 77.0 56.9 52.0 62.4 62.5 85.7 57.1 S.E. (2.6) (2.3) (2.2) (1.8) (4.4) (3.0) (4.0) w (2.8) (3.9) (3.7) (0.2) (2.7) (2.6) (2.1) (3.8) (0.0) (2.7) (0.9) (1.6) (3.4) (1.7) (3.9) (3.9) (2.8) (3.8) (2.8) (3.9) (3.2) (3.0) (0.6) % 17.8 6.8 22.4 37.4 35.0 14.0 37.7 w 12.6 8.8 15.7 26.3 10.9 14.3 6.2 11.0 46.1 2.7 0.0 4.8 17.9 36.0 13.7 32.3 10.1 32.0 24.5 9.9 25.0 12.4 18.8 S.E. (2.2) (2.0) (2.4) (2.7) (4.2) (2.8) (3.9) w (2.1) (2.2) (2.8) (0.2) (2.3) (2.3) (1.8) (2.5) (0.0) (0.6) (0.0) (0.8) (2.9) (3.8) (2.8) (3.5) (2.3) (4.2) (2.4) (2.5) (2.6) (3.0) (0.5) % 11.2 77.5 21.8 33.5 10.3 4.5 32.3 w 8.4 30.4 10.6 28.6 23.2 67.7 55.1 20.2 15.2 38.9 1.5 3.2 26.4 57.9 16.5 15.6 12.9 11.0 23.5 27.7 12.5 1.9 24.1 S.E. (1.7) (2.9) (2.0) (2.6) (2.1) (1.6) (4.1) w (2.0) (3.7) (2.5) (0.2) (2.3) (3.1) (2.6) (3.5) (0.0) (2.7) (0.9) (1.4) (3.5) (3.8) (3.1) (3.4) (2.2) (2.4) (2.2) (3.7) (1.9) (1.0) (0.5) % 93.3 92.1 67.6 78.7 76.0 97.2 86.8 w 96.3 55.8 92.4 75.5 95.0 87.9 88.1 91.1 83.6 85.9 99.1 99.4 93.6 27.6 56.5 79.3 95.8 96.4 82.4 69.5 97.3 95.3 84.0 S.E. (1.5) (2.2) (2.4) (2.1) (3.8) (1.2) (3.0) w (1.3) (4.2) (2.0) (0.3) (1.3) (1.5) (2.2) (1.9) (0.0) (1.4) (0.7) (0.6) (1.8) (3.2) (3.9) (2.7) (1.2) (1.3) (1.6) (4.4) (0.9) (1.7) (0.4) % 5.7 6.3 21.9 14.9 23.0 2.8 11.8 w 3.1 4.7 5.0 14.9 3.2 8.6 4.9 2.5 16.4 1.8 0.5 0.6 4.8 36.6 24.0 18.6 2.9 2.2 12.7 4.7 2.6 3.9 9.2 S.E. (1.4) (2.1) (2.5) (1.5) (3.7) (1.2) (2.8) w (1.1) (1.6) (1.9) (0.2) (1.4) (1.4) (1.7) (1.3) (0.0) (0.5) (0.5) (0.6) (1.6) (3.8) (3.4) (2.7) (1.0) (1.0) (1.6) (1.8) (0.9) (1.6) (0.3) % 1.0 1.6 10.5 6.5 1.0 0.0 1.4 w 0.6 39.4 2.6 9.5 1.8 3.5 7.0 6.4 0.0 12.3 0.5 0.0 1.6 35.8 19.5 2.2 1.2 1.3 4.8 25.8 0.1 0.8 6.8 S.E. (0.6) (0.8) (1.8) (1.3) (0.7) (0.0) (1.2) w (0.6) (4.2) (1.3) (0.2) (0.7) (1.0) (1.8) (1.9) (0.0) (1.4) (0.5) (0.0) (0.9) (3.7) (3.0) (1.0) (0.6) (0.8) (1.1) (4.1) (0.1) (0.6) (0.3) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 2.5 4.9 14.8 8.7 43.2 13.2 1.3 14.8 19.0 39.7 15.0 8.8 7.7 17.2 c 6.0 96.2 6.8 31.9 5.1 8.1 30.0 4.4 29.5 72.9 2.3 12.3 (1.7) (1.6) (1.3) (2.1) (3.3) (1.9) (0.8) (2.6) (2.9) (3.7) (3.3) (2.0) (2.1) (3.3) c (1.9) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (2.1) (1.7) (3.7) (0.0) (3.0) (3.3) (1.0) (1.0) 0.9 1.4 1.8 11.5 7.6 2.5 0.6 48.9 13.8 10.7 6.7 0.0 3.1 25.0 c 11.2 0.0 10.7 0.0 5.3 21.1 17.8 27.1 7.4 19.5 0.6 0.9 (0.8) (1.0) (1.0) (2.5) (2.3) (0.7) (0.6) (3.4) (2.8) (2.1) (2.2) (0.0) (1.2) (3.8) c (2.3) (0.0) (0.1) (0.0) (1.9) (3.3) (2.9) (0.5) (1.9) (3.1) (0.6) (0.3) 96.6 93.7 83.4 79.8 49.1 84.3 98.1 36.3 67.2 49.6 78.3 91.2 89.2 57.8 c 82.8 3.8 82.5 68.1 89.6 70.8 52.2 68.4 63.1 7.6 97.1 86.9 (1.9) (1.9) (1.5) (3.3) (3.4) (1.9) (1.0) (3.4) (3.6) (4.0) (4.1) (2.0) (2.5) (3.9) c (2.9) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (2.9) (4.0) (4.0) (0.5) (3.0) (1.9) (1.2) (1.0) 30.2 9.0 25.4 28.8 62.1 87.8 36.4 37.2 92.0 92.6 47.5 94.5 35.4 68.8 c 32.5 94.4 14.7 30.9 53.4 10.1 11.4 23.1 52.6 68.4 20.5 19.8 (4.2) (2.4) (2.2) (3.8) (2.9) (2.8) (3.8) (3.5) (1.9) (2.1) (3.9) (2.0) (3.6) (3.1) c (3.2) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (6.1) (1.8) (2.5) (0.5) (3.4) (4.1) (3.1) (1.3) 11.6 2.0 13.2 27.9 8.1 2.2 39.5 56.4 6.7 5.2 41.3 0.2 6.2 24.9 c 36.9 4.0 15.6 4.3 12.4 32.2 25.3 52.7 19.8 12.5 12.4 6.5 (3.4) (1.2) (2.0) (3.9) (2.0) (1.0) (3.9) (3.8) (1.7) (1.6) (4.1) (0.0) (1.9) (3.2) c (3.7) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (2.8) (3.9) (3.3) (0.5) (3.1) (2.8) (3.1) (1.9) 58.2 88.9 61.4 43.3 29.8 10.0 24.1 6.4 1.3 2.2 11.2 5.3 58.4 6.3 c 30.5 1.6 69.8 64.8 34.2 57.8 63.3 24.1 27.6 19.0 67.1 73.7 (4.3) (2.7) (2.6) (4.1) (3.0) (2.6) (3.1) (1.8) (1.0) (1.3) (2.6) (2.0) (4.2) (1.7) c (3.3) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (6.7) (3.6) (3.5) (0.4) (3.0) (3.4) (4.3) (1.9) 62.6 39.5 48.8 57.1 78.6 95.9 66.7 85.1 94.1 84.5 73.1 86.2 52.3 26.2 c 58.1 94.4 72.2 58.0 42.4 43.3 72.7 72.6 87.4 92.0 88.5 53.1 (4.3) (4.5) (2.6) (3.6) (2.6) (1.5) (3.5) (2.5) (2.0) (2.6) (3.4) (2.8) (4.0) (3.4) c (3.6) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (5.5) (3.4) (3.6) (0.2) (2.6) (2.1) (2.6) (2.9) 9.7 0.5 14.4 27.7 10.5 2.4 24.2 12.5 5.9 7.0 22.9 1.3 9.6 10.9 c 21.4 4.0 12.5 2.0 5.4 32.8 14.8 25.2 9.7 4.2 7.7 12.1 (3.1) (0.5) (2.0) (3.3) (2.7) (1.2) (3.1) (2.4) (2.0) (2.0) (3.4) (0.9) (2.3) (3.0) c (3.1) (0.0) (0.1) (0.0) (1.8) (4.0) (2.8) (0.2) (2.4) (1.5) (2.2) (2.3) 27.6 60.1 36.8 15.1 10.9 1.7 9.1 2.4 0.0 8.4 3.9 12.5 38.1 62.9 c 20.5 1.6 15.3 40.0 52.2 23.8 12.5 2.3 2.9 3.8 3.8 34.8 (3.7) (4.5) (2.8) (2.8) (2.1) (1.0) (2.4) (0.8) (0.0) (1.8) (1.3) (2.7) (3.9) (3.6) c (2.7) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (5.8) (3.2) (2.7) (0.1) (1.2) (1.5) (1.7) (2.7) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant at the 5% level (p< 0.05) are indicated in bold. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 2. The cross-country correlation is based on all participating countries where the data are available. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 176 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 3/4] Table 5.10 Involvement of schools in decision making1 Tableau 5.10 Participation des établissements à la prise de décisions Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that only the school, only the government, or both the school and the government have considerable responsibility for the following aspects of school policy and management Establishing student disciplinary policies Cross-country correlation between the percentage of schools having considerable responsibility (“school only” and “school and government”) and performance in science2 OECD Approving students for admission to the school P-value Correlation coefficient P-value Correlation coefficient P-value 0.41 (0.00) 0.43 (0.00) 0.27 (0.04) School only Partners Establishing student assessment policies Correlation coefficient School and government Government only School only School and government Government only School only School and government Government only S.E. (2.6) (3.1) (2.4) (2.5) (1.9) (0.0) (3.6) w (2.5) (2.6) (1.8) (0.1) (2.4) (1.1) (0.9) (2.4) (0.0) (1.1) (0.0) (1.4) (2.6) (1.7) (4.1) (1.7) (2.7) (1.4) (2.3) (1.8) (1.7) (1.7) (0.4) % 1.4 0.7 3.1 8.4 0.0 0.0 1.5 w 0.5 9.9 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 5.0 8.3 4.1 0.5 0.0 5.5 0.0 24.6 1.2 2.4 0.1 2.6 58.1 0.0 0.4 4.8 S.E. (0.5) (0.6) (1.3) (1.7) (0.0) (0.0) (1.2) w (0.5) (2.4) (0.8) (0.0) (0.0) (0.2) (0.0) (1.9) (0.0) (0.9) (0.5) (0.0) (1.7) (0.0) (3.5) (0.8) (1.0) (0.1) (1.0) (4.4) (0.0) (0.4) (0.3) % 50.1 50.2 78.2 24.7 94.5 71.6 79.3 w 55.2 17.3 93.5 86.7 86.4 92.3 98.1 65.6 4.6 58.4 98.7 82.0 37.2 90.2 32.7 62.3 47.1 63.3 37.5 44.3 86.2 51.6 63.4 S.E. (2.7) (4.1) (2.7) (1.8) (1.9) (3.3) (3.6) w (3.6) (3.1) (2.3) (0.1) (2.7) (1.8) (1.0) (3.8) (0.0) (2.4) (0.7) (2.6) (3.9) (2.3) (4.1) (3.9) (3.2) (3.2) (2.9) (4.3) (1.9) (3.7) (0.5) % 46.4 23.9 17.6 56.2 5.0 19.0 19.8 w 34.5 6.4 5.7 11.7 13.1 5.4 1.7 19.5 20.8 12.9 0.6 17.3 23.3 9.8 38.2 25.0 34.7 32.8 38.7 6.4 13.5 42.4 20.8 S.E. (2.6) (3.3) (2.6) (2.5) (1.8) (3.1) (3.6) w (3.7) (2.0) (2.1) (0.1) (2.8) (1.3) (1.0) (3.3) (0.1) (1.8) (0.5) (2.6) (2.9) (2.3) (4.1) (3.4) (3.0) (3.1) (3.3) (1.9) (1.9) (3.8) (0.5) % 3.5 25.9 4.2 19.1 0.5 9.4 0.9 w 10.3 76.3 0.8 1.7 0.5 2.3 0.2 14.9 74.6 28.6 0.7 0.7 39.4 a 29.1 12.7 18.2 3.9 23.8 49.3 0.3 6.0 16.4 S.E. (0.9) (3.4) (1.3) (2.0) (0.5) (2.1) (0.7) w (2.5) (3.5) (0.8) (0.0) (0.6) (1.2) (0.2) (3.0) (0.1) (2.8) (0.6) (0.7) (3.9) a (3.7) (2.8) (2.6) (1.5) (2.4) (4.1) (0.2) (1.9) (0.4) % 72.9 72.5 71.6 51.8 86.3 76.0 48.7 w 76.8 69.6 94.1 69.9 94.2 93.1 99.0 82.5 62.5 67.0 96.7 87.1 48.4 85.9 61.8 92.2 39.0 66.9 66.1 77.4 54.9 88.2 74.2 S.E. (2.5) (4.3) (2.6) (2.5) (2.9) (3.2) (4.8) w (2.8) (3.4) (1.8) (0.3) (1.9) (1.4) (0.7) (3.5) (0.1) (2.5) (1.3) (2.1) (3.8) (2.6) (4.2) (1.9) (2.9) (3.9) (2.4) (3.5) (3.4) (2.7) (0.5) % 22.9 19.7 19.6 40.5 13.7 18.7 30.3 w 20.9 4.9 4.3 16.3 5.8 4.1 1.0 8.8 33.6 9.0 2.1 9.4 13.6 13.3 29.8 7.8 23.2 22.2 21.8 6.4 23.5 7.3 15.7 S.E. (2.4) (3.8) (2.3) (2.5) (2.9) (3.1) (4.2) w (3.0) (1.6) (1.6) (0.2) (1.9) (1.1) (0.7) (2.4) (0.1) (1.7) (1.1) (1.9) (2.7) (2.8) (4.2) (1.9) (2.4) (3.4) (2.8) (1.8) (2.7) (2.4) (0.5) % 4.2 7.8 8.8 7.7 0.0 5.2 21.1 w 2.3 25.5 1.6 13.8 a 2.8 0.0 8.7 3.9 24.0 1.2 3.4 38.0 0.8 8.5 0.0 37.8 10.9 12.2 16.2 21.6 4.4 10.4 S.E. (1.2) (2.1) (1.8) (1.4) (0.0) (1.8) (3.3) w (1.0) (3.5) (1.1) (0.2) a (1.0) (0.0) (2.7) (0.0) (2.5) (0.8) (1.1) (3.6) (0.7) (2.2) (0.0) (2.5) (2.5) (2.0) (3.1) (2.5) (1.7) (0.4) (3.8) (0.0) (2.3) (4.3) (2.8) (1.4) (3.4) (1.3) (0.0) (1.3) (3.4) (1.1) (2.5) (1.4) c (1.4) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (0.0) (1.7) (2.5) (0.4) (3.3) (2.3) (2.3) (2.8) 4.7 0.6 6.4 2.8 0.8 0.0 3.2 0.0 0.0 4.7 1.6 57.8 8.9 0.0 c 0.5 0.0 37.6 37.3 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.4 9.3 1.2 18.1 22.2 (1.6) (0.6) (1.3) (1.3) (0.7) (0.0) (1.4) (0.0) (0.0) (3.9) (1.2) (4.0) (2.1) (0.0) c (0.5) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (0.0) (0.8) (0.0) (0.2) (2.6) (0.9) (3.3) (2.4) 42.3 76.6 56.5 8.6 66.9 61.0 14.1 50.6 93.5 72.0 82.3 43.5 60.7 46.1 c 63.4 99.3 46.7 56.2 35.6 41.8 39.4 19.6 64.4 83.0 25.2 19.7 (4.8) (3.5) (2.5) (2.6) (3.7) (5.5) (2.8) (3.6) (1.8) (4.5) (3.2) (4.0) (3.7) (4.1) c (3.7) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (5.6) (3.6) (3.7) (0.4) (3.7) (3.1) (3.4) (2.1) 36.6 3.7 29.1 33.0 25.5 21.8 21.4 46.9 6.5 16.7 16.1 1.3 12.0 44.6 c 32.8 0.0 25.9 5.2 23.6 33.9 46.7 58.2 26.7 12.2 4.4 29.1 (4.5) (1.5) (2.6) (3.8) (3.7) (5.5) (3.2) (3.6) (1.8) (2.5) (3.4) (0.9) (2.2) (3.6) c (3.7) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (3.8) (4.8) (4.3) (0.4) (3.2) (2.6) (1.5) (3.2) 21.1 19.7 14.4 58.4 7.6 17.3 64.5 2.5 0.0 11.3 1.6 55.2 27.3 9.3 c 3.8 0.7 27.4 38.6 40.7 24.4 14.0 22.2 8.9 4.7 70.5 51.2 (3.8) (3.3) (1.8) (3.8) (2.1) (4.5) (3.8) (1.3) (0.0) (4.2) (1.2) (4.0) (3.5) (2.3) c (1.5) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (4.4) (2.8) (2.8) (0.4) (2.2) (1.7) (3.4) (3.2) 79.3 97.9 76.1 44.9 91.4 79.8 30.8 69.5 91.2 72.2 56.3 73.8 95.7 82.0 c 84.0 97.4 24.3 70.6 17.7 88.2 11.2 34.6 32.7 65.5 45.2 41.1 (3.2) (1.2) (2.6) (4.0) (1.9) (5.1) (3.5) (3.6) (2.2) (4.5) (4.3) (3.5) (1.5) (2.8) c (3.0) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (3.1) (2.4) (2.4) (0.5) (3.4) (3.5) (4.5) (2.7) 8.9 1.5 15.7 34.1 6.9 11.7 37.7 30.0 8.8 17.2 32.4 1.8 2.6 16.6 c 14.1 2.6 27.4 5.9 9.8 11.1 51.2 43.4 25.6 25.7 16.7 16.8 (2.1) (1.0) (2.4) (4.0) (1.7) (4.9) (3.8) (3.6) (2.2) (2.8) (4.1) (1.0) (1.1) (2.7) c (2.7) (0.0) (0.1) (0.0) (2.4) (2.3) (3.8) (0.4) (3.2) (3.5) (3.4) (2.7) 11.8 0.6 8.2 21.0 1.7 8.5 31.5 0.5 0.0 10.6 11.3 24.4 1.7 1.4 c 1.9 0.0 48.4 23.6 72.5 0.6 37.6 22.0 41.7 8.7 38.1 42.0 (2.5) (0.6) (1.4) (3.4) (0.9) (2.3) (3.8) (0.5) (0.0) (4.2) (2.8) (3.4) (0.9) (0.8) c (1.3) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (3.7) (0.6) (3.8) (0.5) (3.7) (2.0) (4.5) (2.9) Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average % 67.8 83.0 81.4 45.0 95.7 100.0 78.5 w 82.1 78.6 94.8 93.5 90.8 97.4 98.4 85.1 53.3 89.0 99.5 95.6 78.0 95.5 45.9 94.1 70.8 97.0 79.4 34.8 90.2 91.7 82.3 S.E. (2.6) (3.1) (2.7) (2.2) (1.9) (0.0) (3.6) w (2.5) (3.3) (2.0) (0.1) (2.4) (1.1) (0.9) (2.7) (0.0) (1.4) (0.5) (1.4) (2.9) (1.7) (4.2) (1.9) (2.7) (1.4) (2.4) (4.1) (1.7) (1.6) (0.4) % 30.8 16.3 15.5 46.6 4.3 0.0 20.0 w 17.4 11.5 4.4 6.5 9.2 2.3 1.6 9.8 38.4 6.8 0.0 4.4 16.5 4.5 29.5 4.7 26.8 2.9 18.1 7.1 9.8 7.9 12.9 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 64.9 99.4 77.0 44.3 85.0 96.1 56.7 95.0 100.0 89.9 80.1 40.1 79.9 92.3 c 95.7 100.0 40.1 52.4 100.0 93.7 88.1 80.2 64.0 88.1 74.6 45.2 (4.2) (0.6) (2.3) (4.2) (2.8) (1.4) (3.2) (1.3) (0.0) (4.1) (3.5) (4.0) (3.0) (1.4) c (1.5) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (0.0) (1.9) (2.5) (0.5) (4.1) (2.5) (3.7) (2.9) 30.3 0.0 16.6 52.9 14.1 3.9 40.0 5.0 0.0 5.4 18.3 2.1 11.2 7.7 c 3.8 0.0 22.2 10.3 0.0 5.8 11.9 19.4 26.7 10.6 7.3 32.7 Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant at the 5% level (p< 0.05) are indicated in bold. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 2. The cross-country correlation is based on all participating countries where the data are available. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 177 5 I. Data / données [Part 4/4] Table 5.10 Involvement of schools in decision making1 Tableau 5.10 Participation des établissements à la prise de décisions Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that only the school, only the government, or both the school and the government have considerable responsibility for the following aspects of school policy and management Choosing which textbooks are used Cross-country correlation between the percentage of schools having considerable responsibility (“school only” and “school and government”) and performance in science2 OECD Deciding which courses are offered P-value Correlation coefficient P-value Correlation coefficient P-value 0.51 (0.00) 0.52 (0.00) 0.58 (0.00) School only Partners Determining course content Correlation coefficient School and government Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD average % 90.8 94.8 96.9 39.3 62.6 100.0 98.3 w 79.4 0.7 95.3 84.8 100.0 98.7 89.1 95.4 10.1 59.6 99.5 100.0 96.7 92.5 99.1 55.5 93.6 100.0 37.2 57.3 99.1 82.4 79.6 S.E. (1.6) (1.9) (1.0) (2.4) (4.3) (0.0) (1.0) w (3.1) (0.6) (1.8) (0.2) (0.0) (0.8) (2.3) (1.5) (0.0) (2.6) (0.5) (0.0) (1.2) (2.1) (0.7) (3.6) (1.7) (0.0) (2.4) (4.3) (0.4) (2.9) (0.4) % 8.5 5.2 2.8 42.2 28.3 0.0 1.7 w 19.4 4.7 2.8 7.4 0.0 0.4 6.1 4.6 33.1 7.9 0.0 0.0 3.3 7.5 0.9 33.3 5.7 0.0 39.9 15.5 0.8 17.1 10.3 Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 86.4 43.2 84.5 74.0 79.4 96.7 38.2 72.2 97.4 75.8 57.8 6.0 49.4 56.9 c 77.5 100.0 6.5 27.1 81.0 51.2 17.3 47.2 92.5 93.0 0.0 17.1 (2.8) (4.4) (1.6) (3.8) (3.4) (1.3) (4.0) (3.0) (1.3) (3.1) (4.8) (1.8) (3.7) (4.1) c (3.4) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (5.5) (4.9) (3.2) (0.5) (1.9) (1.5) (0.0) (2.0) 7.6 4.3 13.8 23.6 17.5 1.4 46.3 25.9 2.6 16.4 36.4 0.3 13.2 41.6 c 21.4 0.0 10.9 0.3 10.7 36.8 49.0 47.7 7.5 3.8 0.0 28.4 Government only School only School and government Government only School only School and government Government only S.E. (1.6) (1.9) (0.9) (2.7) (3.5) (0.0) (1.0) w (3.2) (1.7) (1.4) (0.1) (0.0) (0.2) (1.8) (1.5) (0.1) (1.2) (0.0) (0.0) (1.2) (2.1) (0.7) (3.7) (1.6) (0.0) (2.7) (2.9) (0.4) (2.8) (0.3) % 0.6 0.0 0.3 18.5 9.1 0.0 0.0 w 1.3 94.6 1.8 7.7 0.0 0.9 4.8 0.0 56.8 32.5 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.2 0.8 0.0 22.9 27.2 0.1 0.5 10.1 S.E. (0.4) (0.0) (0.3) (2.0) (2.6) (0.0) (0.0) w (1.0) (1.8) (1.1) (0.1) (0.0) (0.8) (1.4) (0.0) (0.1) (2.6) (0.5) (0.0) (0.0) (0.0) (0.0) (2.2) (0.5) (0.0) (1.9) (4.0) (0.0) (0.5) (0.2) % 30.6 44.0 30.7 12.2 72.2 57.2 38.0 w 23.3 0.0 50.5 39.0 35.1 53.3 93.0 92.6 0.0 21.0 78.8 68.8 30.9 93.0 24.5 25.6 25.8 57.5 15.5 8.4 74.2 50.1 43.0 S.E. (2.6) (4.0) (2.8) (1.3) (4.3) (3.6) (4.1) w (2.4) (0.0) (3.9) (0.2) (3.8) (2.9) (1.8) (2.1) (0.0) (2.2) (3.0) (2.7) (3.6) (2.1) (3.4) (3.5) (2.8) (4.0) (1.8) (2.3) (2.8) (4.3) (0.5) % 51.2 34.8 33.7 41.3 24.2 33.3 33.0 w 40.7 1.5 37.5 27.6 25.0 29.3 4.8 5.6 40.3 4.4 14.0 26.9 30.9 7.0 22.8 37.7 32.3 35.4 44.2 2.2 19.7 39.9 26.9 S.E. (2.9) (3.8) (2.8) (2.5) (3.6) (3.4) (4.0) w (3.4) (0.8) (3.8) (0.2) (3.5) (2.5) (1.4) (1.9) (0.0) (0.6) (2.6) (2.5) (3.4) (2.1) (3.5) (4.1) (3.3) (3.9) (3.1) (1.3) (2.5) (4.3) (0.5) % 18.2 21.2 35.6 46.5 3.6 9.5 28.9 w 36.0 98.5 12.0 33.5 40.0 17.5 2.2 1.8 59.7 74.6 7.1 4.2 38.2 0.0 52.7 36.7 41.9 7.1 40.4 89.4 6.1 10.0 30.1 S.E. (2.2) (3.4) (3.1) (2.4) (2.1) (2.4) (3.6) w (3.0) (0.8) (2.6) (0.2) (3.9) (2.2) (1.1) (0.9) (0.0) (2.3) (2.2) (1.6) (3.9) (0.0) (3.2) (3.9) (3.5) (1.8) (3.0) (2.6) (1.6) (2.4) (0.5) % 72.3 39.3 36.6 43.8 87.0 53.7 64.1 w 79.0 4.4 52.5 31.4 82.4 54.9 92.9 81.9 0.0 15.7 76.9 90.2 23.2 44.1 44.1 38.1 33.1 48.7 13.7 26.8 86.5 69.1 51.3 S.E. (2.6) (3.6) (3.2) (2.5) (2.7) (4.0) (4.2) w (3.0) (1.6) (4.5) (0.3) (3.1) (3.0) (1.8) (3.2) (0.0) (2.2) (3.6) (2.2) (3.3) (3.5) (4.0) (4.0) (3.1) (4.0) (1.9) (3.9) (2.2) (3.8) (0.6) % 26.0 41.6 47.1 51.3 12.4 40.6 29.1 w 18.0 5.0 39.3 34.9 16.4 25.9 3.9 14.8 42.1 4.2 18.0 9.8 24.8 26.7 32.7 39.7 25.0 29.3 53.5 15.7 13.4 29.1 26.6 S.E. (2.5) (3.8) (3.3) (2.5) (2.6) (3.8) (4.2) w (2.7) (1.6) (4.1) (0.2) (3.1) (2.4) (1.4) (2.9) (0.1) (0.7) (3.1) (2.2) (3.4) (3.4) (4.0) (4.3) (3.1) (3.4) (3.1) (2.9) (2.2) (4.0) (0.6) % 1.7 19.1 16.3 4.9 0.5 5.7 6.8 w 2.9 90.7 8.1 33.7 1.2 19.2 3.2 3.3 57.9 80.2 5.1 0.0 52.0 29.2 23.2 22.2 41.9 22.0 32.7 57.5 0.1 1.8 22.2 S.E. (0.8) (2.5) (2.6) (1.0) (0.5) (1.6) (2.0) w (1.4) (2.0) (2.4) (0.3) (0.9) (2.3) (1.3) (1.5) (0.1) (2.3) (2.0) (0.0) (4.1) (3.6) (3.5) (3.1) (2.9) (3.2) (2.7) (4.1) (0.1) (1.0) (0.4) (2.0) (1.7) (1.5) (3.7) (3.2) (0.7) (4.0) (3.0) (1.3) (2.1) (4.5) (0.3) (2.5) (4.0) c (3.4) (0.0) (0.1) (0.0) (2.7) (4.1) (3.4) (0.5) (1.9) (1.3) (0.0) (2.8) 6.0 52.4 1.7 2.3 3.1 1.9 15.6 1.9 0.0 7.7 5.8 93.7 37.4 1.5 c 1.1 0.0 82.6 72.6 8.3 12.0 33.6 5.2 0.0 3.2 100.0 54.5 (2.0) (4.5) (0.6) (1.4) (1.4) (1.2) (2.5) (0.8) (0.0) (2.3) (2.0) (1.9) (3.4) (1.0) c (0.7) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (6.2) (3.0) (3.8) (0.1) (0.0) (1.2) (0.0) (2.8) 42.0 42.1 51.5 8.5 42.0 71.9 4.9 65.3 86.5 59.0 37.9 6.0 36.5 12.0 c 45.7 96.8 3.6 21.8 20.2 20.9 2.8 13.6 76.1 94.8 1.6 4.3 (4.1) (4.2) (2.9) (2.2) (3.8) (5.2) (1.6) (3.0) (2.6) (4.4) (4.4) (2.1) (3.6) (2.7) c (4.2) (0.0) (0.0) (0.1) (3.9) (3.8) (1.2) (0.3) (3.3) (1.9) (0.9) (1.0) 42.1 0.7 27.5 20.4 26.1 15.3 36.6 31.7 12.9 20.0 43.4 0.0 9.7 40.7 c 37.0 2.4 17.6 2.6 24.3 46.1 27.7 50.2 18.1 4.5 1.1 9.0 (4.2) (0.7) (2.6) (3.5) (3.7) (3.0) (3.5) (3.0) (2.6) (3.1) (4.4) (0.0) (1.8) (3.5) c (4.0) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (3.6) (3.9) (3.4) (0.5) (2.5) (1.8) (0.8) (1.4) 15.9 57.2 21.0 71.1 31.8 12.8 58.5 3.1 0.6 21.0 18.7 94.0 53.8 47.3 c 17.3 0.7 78.8 75.6 55.4 33.1 69.5 36.2 5.8 0.7 97.3 86.7 (3.1) (4.2) (2.5) (3.8) (4.4) (5.0) (3.8) (1.1) (0.6) (4.2) (3.3) (2.1) (3.9) (3.4) c (2.7) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (5.3) (3.9) (3.2) (0.3) (2.3) (0.7) (1.2) (1.5) 52.1 31.9 28.9 10.2 73.6 76.8 2.5 84.5 93.2 58.5 66.6 12.0 34.8 47.6 c 76.2 89.6 13.1 21.2 65.1 63.5 2.4 22.0 81.0 93.4 0.6 17.7 (4.1) (4.1) (2.2) (2.2) (3.5) (5.2) (1.1) (2.7) (1.8) (3.8) (4.6) (2.5) (4.0) (4.1) c (3.4) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (6.3) (3.5) (0.8) (0.5) (2.9) (1.8) (0.6) (2.0) 23.2 9.5 26.4 43.8 19.4 17.2 16.9 13.1 6.8 19.4 31.1 1.0 10.6 42.1 c 19.2 10.4 13.8 2.7 13.4 30.3 7.7 51.5 16.6 6.0 0.0 13.2 (3.8) (2.7) (2.3) (3.8) (3.1) (5.1) (2.8) (2.5) (1.8) (2.8) (4.7) (0.8) (2.2) (4.4) c (3.2) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (2.8) (3.4) (2.1) (0.6) (2.8) (1.7) (0.0) (2.5) 24.6 58.6 44.7 46.0 7.0 6.0 80.6 2.3 0.0 22.1 2.3 86.9 54.6 10.3 c 4.6 0.0 73.1 76.1 21.5 6.1 89.9 26.5 2.3 0.5 99.4 69.1 (3.9) (4.2) (2.9) (4.0) (1.9) (2.0) (3.0) (1.0) (0.0) (3.1) (1.4) (2.6) (4.1) (2.5) c (1.6) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (6.7) (1.5) (2.0) (0.3) (1.2) (0.5) (0.6) (2.6) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant at the 5% level (p< 0.05) are indicated in bold. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 2. The cross-country correlation is based on all participating countries where the data are available. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 178 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/1] Table 5.11 Influence of business and industry on the school curriculum1 Tableau 5.11 Influence du monde de l’entreprise et de l’industrie sur les programmes de cours Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that business and industry have No influence on the curriculum A minor or indirect influence on the curriculum A considerable influence on the curriculum Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 16.5 5.3 33.4 17.1 46.1 63.6 22.5 w 12.5 76.6 27.7 29.3 25.2 36.2 62.8 44.9 36.5 56.4 54.0 18.4 37.8 m 55.0 35.0 64.9 43.1 17.4 48.6 10.5 18.1 33.5 36.3 (2.2) (1.7) (2.9) (1.9) (3.0) (4.1) (3.5) w (2.3) (3.3) (3.7) (0.2) (3.3) (2.4) (3.5) (3.9) (0.1) (3.0) (3.5) (2.3) (3.6) m (4.2) (3.8) (3.1) (3.9) (1.9) (4.2) (1.9) (3.3) (1.2) (0.6) 74.6 42.0 56.1 72.7 42.5 34.9 73.4 w 62.1 19.1 63.4 66.0 60.9 52.2 36.2 47.5 59.7 21.8 41.1 77.1 58.9 m 40.3 48.2 31.8 51.8 66.9 44.2 74.3 67.2 53.7 53.1 (2.5) (3.4) (3.0) (2.0) (4.1) (4.2) (3.8) w (3.4) (3.2) (4.3) (0.2) (3.8) (2.3) (3.5) (4.1) (0.1) (2.4) (3.6) (2.7) (3.4) m (4.2) (4.0) (3.0) (4.1) (2.6) (4.5) (3.0) (3.5) (1.4) (0.6) 8.9 52.7 10.5 10.2 11.4 1.5 4.1 w 25.4 4.3 9.0 4.7 13.9 11.6 1.0 7.5 3.8 21.8 5.0 4.5 3.2 m 4.6 16.8 3.3 5.1 15.8 7.2 15.2 14.7 12.8 10.6 (1.7) (3.2) (2.2) (1.1) (3.2) (0.9) (1.7) w (3.1) (1.5) (2.3) (0.1) (2.8) (1.6) (0.6) (2.3) (0.0) (2.3) (1.5) (1.5) (1.4) m (1.2) (2.9) (1.2) (1.6) (2.4) (2.1) (2.6) (2.9) (1.0) (0.4) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 56.8 30.6 60.5 46.5 53.4 29.8 28.3 31.5 20.0 9.1 52.1 13.0 27.2 30.3 c 18.4 57.6 23.6 38.6 28.1 16.0 42.6 61.1 32.9 10.0 23.4 83.9 (4.5) (4.2) (2.8) (4.5) (4.6) (4.1) (3.1) (3.1) (3.2) (1.9) (3.7) (2.6) (3.0) (4.1) c (2.9) (0.1) (0.1) (0.2) (3.9) (3.4) (3.8) (0.4) (3.3) (2.4) (3.8) (1.5) 29.6 40.1 27.8 39.1 33.4 42.8 57.5 59.2 68.4 40.0 42.1 61.0 51.1 53.4 c 65.1 40.9 44.9 46.1 47.2 51.6 47.6 33.7 55.3 41.7 43.7 13.5 (4.3) (4.2) (2.9) (4.4) (4.9) (5.9) (3.6) (3.4) (3.6) (3.2) (4.0) (4.4) (4.0) (4.2) c (3.3) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (4.8) (4.2) (4.0) (0.4) (3.4) (4.2) (4.1) (1.4) 13.5 29.4 11.7 14.4 13.2 27.4 14.2 9.3 11.6 50.9 5.8 26.0 21.8 16.3 c 16.5 1.5 31.5 15.3 24.7 32.5 9.8 5.2 11.7 48.3 32.9 2.6 (3.4) (3.9) (2.0) (3.0) (3.9) (4.9) (2.2) (2.1) (2.8) (3.3) (2.0) (4.0) (3.1) (3.1) c (3.0) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (3.9) (3.5) (2.3) (0.1) (2.5) (3.8) (4.2) (0.8) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 179 5 I. Data / données [Part 1/1] Table 5.12a Direct influence of stakeholders on decision making at school: staffing1 Tableau 5.12a Influence directe des acteurs intervenant dans les décisions relatives au recrutement du personnel de l’établissement Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that the following stakeholders exert a direct influence on decision making about staffing Regional or national education authorities (e.g. inspectorates) The school’s governing board Parent groups Teacher groups Student groups External examination board Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 63.3 95.0 62.9 47.3 26.1 42.2 42.9 w 93.6 90.7 20.0 11.3 90.7 90.2 66.7 80.2 87.5 50.1 36.9 73.3 17.3 37.4 86.8 17.4 71.0 7.4 54.9 26.9 29.1 58.1 58.0 54.4 (2.5) (2.1) (3.0) (2.7) (3.4) (3.4) (4.0) w (1.9) (2.4) (3.3) (0.2) (2.4) (1.6) (1.4) (3.0) (0.0) (2.7) (4.2) (3.1) (2.9) (3.6) (1.7) (3.1) (2.1) (2.0) (2.9) (4.1) (2.9) (3.7) (1.3) (0.5) 22.4 4.0 82.7 44.8 16.0 3.7 22.7 w 9.4 2.2 90.6 25.3 59.4 2.9 27.2 7.8 17.7 44.5 66.4 74.6 6.2 0.6 38.4 17.6 20.8 10.0 83.8 3.5 88.4 86.5 45.9 33.8 (2.4) (1.6) (2.5) (2.6) (3.4) (1.7) (3.5) w (1.8) (0.7) (2.3) (0.2) (3.4) (1.1) (1.9) (2.2) (0.1) (2.5) (3.9) (3.0) (1.7) (0.6) (4.0) (3.1) (2.0) (2.2) (1.8) (1.7) (1.9) (2.9) (1.0) (0.4) 5.6 0.5 6.8 4.5 4.2 2.1 1.3 w 1.3 2.1 5.9 0.6 1.9 0.9 a 2.5 a 17.7 4.3 0.9 a 0.1 a 1.8 1.7 3.9 a 1.9 0.8 11.5 6.2 3.5 (1.5) (0.5) (1.4) (0.9) (1.6) (1.2) (1.1) w (0.7) (1.3) (1.9) (0.1) (1.1) (0.8) a (1.2) a (2.2) (1.3) (0.6) a (0.1) a (0.9) (0.8) (1.5) a (1.3) (0.5) (2.4) (0.8) (0.3) 43.1 34.3 44.5 37.1 28.0 63.7 37.0 w 17.8 10.7 44.4 10.0 22.5 2.3 4.0 25.1 8.8 37.4 65.1 46.2 34.9 20.0 2.6 49.1 13.1 76.7 7.7 1.8 20.1 36.9 26.5 29.1 (2.7) (3.7) (2.5) (2.5) (4.0) (4.1) (4.0) w (2.4) (2.4) (4.2) (0.2) (3.3) (0.8) (1.0) (3.7) (0.0) (2.5) (3.5) (3.3) (3.5) (2.8) (1.2) (3.9) (2.1) (3.0) (1.7) (1.1) (2.6) (4.3) (1.3) (0.5) 1.2 1.5 3.0 1.6 3.7 42.4 2.8 w 1.0 3.0 2.7 a 0.6 0.8 a 2.4 a 24.2 4.7 2.5 a a a a 0.1 20.2 0.6 3.0 13.9 12.1 7.8 6.7 (0.6) (0.9) (1.0) (0.5) (1.5) (4.2) (1.6) w (0.7) (1.5) (1.4) a (0.6) (0.8) a (1.2) a (2.7) (1.5) (1.2) a a a a (0.0) (3.5) (0.6) (1.5) (2.5) (2.8) (0.9) (0.4) 1.8 a 1.5 2.5 2.4 8.4 0.7 w 2.0 a 40.3 a 4.5 1.3 a 6.2 24.3 13.5 1.5 3.1 a 0.6 a 0.6 a a 2.3 1.0 4.3 13.7 7.1 6.5 (0.8) a (0.7) (0.8) (1.4) (2.4) (0.7) w (0.8) a (4.3) a (1.7) (0.6) a (1.9) (0.1) (1.8) (0.9) (1.2) a (0.6) a (0.6) a a (1.0) (0.8) (1.4) (2.9) (0.9) (0.4) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 65.3 37.5 74.8 12.5 43.1 61.5 26.0 9.2 45.0 66.3 66.9 83.7 65.7 62.1 c 23.4 42.8 13.2 63.9 95.7 17.9 40.4 68.3 53.1 79.6 86.1 80.2 (3.9) (4.2) (2.1) (2.4) (3.9) (4.1) (3.3) (2.2) (4.3) (3.6) (4.1) (2.5) (3.6) (4.2) c (3.0) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (1.6) (2.9) (3.9) (0.4) (4.3) (2.9) (2.9) (1.3) 39.5 13.6 37.4 9.0 74.5 5.7 30.9 37.2 85.5 33.3 15.2 9.0 32.4 35.4 c 34.0 69.2 41.4 29.5 37.6 26.6 89.7 14.0 90.3 48.8 2.1 21.8 (4.2) (2.5) (2.4) (2.2) (3.3) (1.8) (3.6) (3.2) (2.6) (3.7) (2.8) (1.7) (3.3) (3.9) c (3.4) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (4.1) (2.7) (2.3) (0.1) (1.9) (4.0) (1.0) (1.9) 2.9 5.3 13.6 6.1 5.8 2.2 a 3.2 1.8 a 6.6 0.3 2.1 33.0 c 18.6 1.9 19.5 1.2 1.4 8.4 12.6 0.7 5.8 17.8 a 0.8 (1.4) (1.6) (1.7) (2.1) (2.6) (1.4) a (1.1) (1.0) a (2.2) (0.0) (1.1) (3.8) c (2.8) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (1.0) (1.9) (2.6) (0.0) (1.5) (3.0) a (0.5) 15.7 10.8 5.9 28.0 10.5 2.7 7.0 15.9 9.8 6.0 62.9 9.9 21.2 51.6 c 42.3 1.9 7.4 8.3 12.1 33.3 22.1 22.4 16.3 43.2 1.7 3.8 (3.0) (2.5) (1.4) (3.7) (2.7) (1.6) (2.0) (2.8) (3.2) (2.8) (3.9) (2.4) (2.9) (4.5) c (3.6) (0.0) (0.1) (0.1) (2.7) (4.5) (3.2) (0.2) (2.4) (3.8) (0.9) (1.1) 6.4 2.0 1.2 1.4 6.7 0.7 a 3.9 a 1.0 2.1 2.3 6.4 20.6 c 9.0 a 13.2 2.3 0.6 5.4 6.9 a 1.1 14.5 a 0.4 (1.9) (1.1) (0.6) (1.0) (2.7) (0.5) a (1.4) a (0.7) (1.2) (1.1) (2.0) (3.5) c (2.1) a (0.1) (0.1) (0.6) (1.5) (2.3) a (0.6) (2.9) a (0.3) 5.1 0.8 2.7 2.8 8.7 7.6 1.2 3.1 1.4 8.1 a 3.6 9.4 1.5 c 1.1 2.0 a 4.1 9.0 11.6 8.0 1.7 12.3 40.6 5.6 2.7 (1.5) (0.4) (1.1) (0.9) (2.9) (2.3) (0.7) (1.5) (1.0) (2.6) a (1.5) (2.4) (0.9) c (0.6) (0.0) a (0.1) (2.0) (2.2) (2.1) (0.0) (2.4) (3.6) (2.0) (0.6) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 180 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/1] Table 5.12b Direct influence of stakeholders on decision making at school: budgeting1 Tableau 5.12b Influence directe des acteurs intervenant dans les décisions relatives au budget de l’établissement Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that the following stakeholders exert a direct influence on decision making about budgeting Regional or national education authorities (e.g. inspectorates) The school’s governing board Parent groups Teacher groups Student groups External examination board Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 59.4 65.6 55.1 66.6 59.8 77.2 53.8 w 23.9 20.2 31.9 4.7 73.2 24.0 60.7 64.0 55.6 48.9 58.3 58.9 28.7 30.8 81.0 52.9 56.5 8.0 71.8 11.1 59.1 76.6 54.9 49.6 (2.6) (3.3) (3.0) (2.4) (4.6) (3.4) (3.9) w (2.9) (3.1) (3.3) (0.1) (3.4) (2.4) (2.4) (3.8) (0.0) (2.8) (4.1) (3.2) (3.5) (3.2) (3.1) (4.1) (2.9) (2.0) (1.8) (2.7) (3.4) (2.9) (1.1) (0.6) 65.9 21.0 86.2 68.7 77.3 3.1 31.7 w 60.1 85.5 77.6 78.3 70.5 88.3 32.1 82.4 84.2 25.7 77.6 94.5 55.5 4.8 76.8 41.2 81.7 31.2 74.2 38.1 90.8 93.5 65.8 62.0 (2.4) (3.3) (2.2) (2.4) (3.5) (1.4) (3.8) w (3.0) (2.9) (3.5) (0.2) (3.0) (1.8) (1.8) (3.5) (0.0) (2.6) (3.6) (1.6) (3.9) (1.6) (3.7) (4.3) (2.2) (3.2) (2.4) (3.7) (1.8) (1.7) (0.8) (0.5) 25.0 7.8 10.8 23.0 8.4 52.1 2.2 w 11.1 7.4 11.6 4.3 5.1 12.4 10.8 8.0 12.5 31.8 11.4 2.5 11.5 9.6 4.2 14.3 11.6 3.9 1.1 49.5 2.5 24.9 19.1 13.5 (2.4) (2.2) (2.0) (1.9) (2.0) (3.5) (1.4) w (2.3) (2.1) (2.4) (0.1) (1.8) (1.7) (2.3) (2.2) (0.0) (2.7) (2.5) (1.2) (2.4) (2.2) (1.5) (2.5) (2.0) (1.4) (0.5) (4.5) (1.0) (3.4) (1.1) (0.4) 38.8 28.8 29.2 25.8 16.3 38.6 31.9 w 46.1 1.9 28.2 3.0 7.2 12.0 21.9 46.0 16.2 6.9 62.8 24.4 47.0 24.3 1.1 15.0 6.7 66.2 10.3 5.5 7.7 35.7 26.3 24.3 (2.6) (3.5) (2.8) (2.4) (2.9) (3.7) (3.7) w (3.5) (0.9) (3.6) (0.1) (2.1) (1.7) (2.9) (4.1) (0.1) (1.2) (3.7) (2.8) (4.0) (3.3) (0.8) (3.0) (1.4) (3.6) (1.6) (1.9) (1.7) (3.9) (1.3) (0.5) 6.8 0.9 3.9 7.3 1.9 16.8 5.5 w 10.9 6.4 10.9 2.5 4.6 11.1 5.4 6.1 12.0 4.7 2.1 4.1 11.1 1.2 0.8 0.5 4.8 10.4 0.5 4.7 2.2 16.2 8.8 6.1 (1.5) (0.6) (1.2) (1.5) (1.1) (3.0) (1.7) w (2.2) (1.7) (2.3) (0.0) (1.7) (1.5) (1.8) (1.7) (0.1) (1.0) (1.1) (1.3) (2.2) (0.9) (0.7) (0.5) (1.3) (2.9) (0.0) (1.8) (0.9) (2.9) (0.9) (0.3) 1.6 a 0.4 2.9 0.4 80.6 1.5 w 1.8 a 64.4 4.9 4.5 2.4 4.3 5.7 a 2.6 a 4.5 2.1 1.2 a a a a 3.8 1.3 3.5 10.5 6.0 9.8 (0.8) a (0.4) (0.8) (0.3) (3.5) (0.9) w (0.9) a (4.1) (0.1) (1.7) (1.1) (2.1) (1.6) a (0.6) a (1.4) (0.8) (0.9) a a a a (1.1) (0.8) (1.0) (2.7) (0.9) (0.4) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 66.4 58.1 66.8 61.2 43.3 8.3 65.1 51.2 65.1 27.4 80.5 19.8 44.1 31.2 c 74.7 59.1 44.4 61.1 37.8 91.2 86.7 91.2 74.6 77.6 43.0 69.5 (4.3) (3.4) (2.2) (3.8) (3.6) (2.3) (3.8) (3.4) (4.0) (3.0) (3.6) (3.2) (3.3) (3.3) c (2.8) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (5.7) (2.0) (2.4) (0.4) (2.9) (3.2) (4.3) (1.8) 38.1 2.9 54.2 6.4 71.1 77.7 80.1 78.1 91.8 79.6 16.3 65.9 13.1 69.4 c 74.0 77.6 72.1 27.2 77.3 39.3 68.3 69.4 3.7 75.3 60.5 17.7 (4.4) (1.3) (2.5) (1.8) (3.0) (3.8) (3.1) (3.0) (2.4) (3.2) (3.2) (4.0) (2.6) (3.6) c (2.9) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (5.9) (3.4) (4.5) (0.4) (1.3) (3.3) (4.5) (1.4) 11.7 4.1 43.7 10.4 35.1 21.2 2.2 6.7 15.6 57.4 39.1 5.8 64.2 44.1 c 33.1 a 0.9 0.5 26.9 29.1 25.3 21.7 8.1 40.7 0.6 6.5 (2.7) (1.5) (2.4) (2.3) (3.9) (3.7) (1.3) (1.9) (2.9) (3.3) (4.3) (1.6) (3.6) (3.7) c (3.4) a (0.1) (0.0) (5.4) (3.2) (3.9) (0.2) (2.3) (4.2) (0.7) (2.0) 10.8 1.7 28.5 12.2 11.3 12.4 3.2 29.1 28.9 14.1 34.6 19.2 8.8 42.9 c 37.1 1.3 3.4 3.6 12.9 7.8 9.3 9.7 6.6 40.2 1.5 5.8 (2.6) (1.1) (2.5) (2.6) (2.8) (3.2) (1.4) (3.1) (3.6) (2.2) (4.1) (2.6) (1.8) (4.5) c (3.7) (0.0) (0.0) (0.1) (3.0) (1.9) (2.3) (0.1) (1.5) (3.9) (1.1) (1.3) 3.9 2.3 18.7 3.2 8.2 15.5 0.6 13.4 5.0 18.8 7.5 9.6 5.4 26.1 c 9.7 a a 1.7 3.0 2.1 0.6 4.2 1.3 22.3 1.0 1.3 (1.6) (1.3) (2.4) (1.4) (1.9) (3.7) (0.8) (2.5) (1.5) (2.7) (2.7) (2.3) (1.6) (3.7) c (2.0) a a (0.0) (1.8) (1.0) (0.6) (0.1) (0.7) (3.1) (0.6) (0.7) 1.8 0.7 3.2 11.5 8.0 5.1 a a 1.4 2.8 a 2.7 13.0 0.2 c 0.9 4.6 a 1.9 7.0 2.0 1.8 0.6 20.9 29.1 a 5.4 (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (2.8) (3.0) (1.9) a a (1.0) (1.1) a (1.2) (2.0) (0.2) c (0.6) (0.0) a (0.0) (1.6) (1.1) (1.1) (0.0) (3.2) (2.9) a (1.0) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 181 5 I. Data / données [Part 1/1] Table 5.12c Direct influence of stakeholders on decision making at school: instructional content1 Tableau 5.12c Influence directe des acteurs intervenant dans les décisions relatives aux contenus d’enseignement de l’établissement Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that the following stakeholders exert a direct influence on decision making about instructional content Regional or national education authorities (e.g. inspectorates) The school’s governing board Parent groups Teacher groups Student groups External examination board Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 81.9 65.3 80.5 88.7 45.5 11.6 86.8 w 76.1 88.8 58.8 65.8 72.2 44.1 36.5 30.7 96.1 64.9 56.5 77.2 82.8 28.5 86.5 60.9 85.2 45.0 87.5 56.9 62.1 83.4 65.7 65.8 (2.1) (3.4) (2.4) (1.5) (4.0) (2.6) (3.1) w (2.7) (2.6) (4.3) (0.2) (3.4) (2.7) (3.8) (3.8) (0.0) (2.6) (4.2) (2.9) (3.0) (3.7) (2.6) (3.7) (2.3) (4.0) (1.9) (4.1) (3.1) (3.1) (1.0) (0.6) 7.3 43.5 27.2 23.4 32.9 45.6 28.2 w 33.0 1.1 80.9 0.5 16.9 9.8 14.7 20.4 3.8 27.4 14.8 11.3 3.8 13.3 9.2 27.6 19.7 7.0 17.8 17.3 18.9 67.6 34.6 22.2 (1.4) (3.8) (2.4) (1.8) (3.7) (4.1) (3.9) w (3.1) (0.8) (3.5) (0.0) (2.5) (1.8) (2.7) (3.0) (0.0) (2.5) (3.0) (2.3) (1.5) (2.7) (1.8) (3.3) (2.6) (1.8) (2.1) (2.9) (2.9) (3.8) (1.2) (0.5) 11.1 10.2 8.0 9.9 21.5 14.2 40.2 w 1.9 0.7 30.1 1.7 14.1 13.5 15.3 23.8 1.9 4.5 23.6 12.4 6.2 38.0 1.0 26.5 5.9 17.4 2.0 14.3 4.6 25.0 16.2 13.8 (1.7) (2.2) (1.6) (1.4) (3.8) (2.6) (4.1) w (0.9) (0.7) (3.9) (0.1) (2.9) (1.6) (3.1) (3.4) (0.0) (0.9) (3.3) (1.9) (1.7) (3.6) (0.6) (3.5) (1.6) (2.9) (0.8) (2.9) (1.4) (3.8) (1.2) (0.5) 66.0 69.1 37.1 61.5 84.7 11.9 86.3 w 72.3 14.3 95.2 9.6 34.0 76.2 90.2 69.2 39.3 47.1 77.6 58.5 61.9 90.2 33.5 15.8 30.4 80.9 60.0 48.0 21.2 81.7 67.4 56.0 (2.6) (3.6) (3.4) (2.4) (2.5) (2.4) (2.9) w (2.7) (2.5) (1.7) (0.2) (3.7) (2.0) (2.2) (3.8) (0.1) (2.9) (3.7) (3.3) (3.5) (2.2) (3.3) (2.5) (2.8) (2.8) (2.9) (3.9) (2.7) (3.2) (1.3) (0.5) 13.4 16.5 9.1 7.6 29.6 58.6 37.9 w 23.6 3.3 36.2 2.7 9.5 19.8 8.5 34.4 1.9 17.5 23.9 12.2 18.5 15.5 1.5 13.9 5.6 71.5 6.6 27.1 14.7 17.3 18.2 19.3 (2.2) (3.0) (2.0) (1.1) (4.3) (3.8) (3.8) w (2.8) (1.5) (4.0) (0.1) (2.2) (1.9) (2.6) (3.6) (0.0) (2.4) (3.4) (2.2) (2.7) (3.0) (0.9) (2.9) (1.5) (3.3) (1.3) (3.9) (2.5) (3.1) (1.1) (0.5) 71.3 a 6.9 19.4 47.5 20.4 11.1 w 6.0 a 41.2 2.0 47.1 5.5 6.0 28.3 0.3 23.3 8.5 44.7 4.0 12.3 14.1 5.2 a 1.0 12.1 16.3 72.4 33.6 25.3 21.6 (2.3) a (1.1) (2.1) (4.0) (3.2) (2.4) w (1.6) a (4.2) (0.1) (3.9) (1.2) (1.9) (3.5) (0.0) (2.4) (2.2) (3.0) (1.3) (2.4) (2.6) (1.8) a (1.0) (2.1) (3.1) (2.8) (3.8) (1.3) (0.5) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 80.8 32.9 44.9 94.8 80.0 54.6 84.4 66.7 71.7 42.2 72.9 65.2 52.3 68.9 c 82.1 45.5 80.5 71.8 84.5 86.1 92.0 86.4 59.5 32.3 84.6 92.7 (3.4) (3.4) (2.8) (1.7) (2.9) (5.3) (2.5) (3.0) (3.7) (4.4) (3.5) (3.6) (4.3) (3.9) c (3.1) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (2.8) (3.9) (2.6) (0.3) (3.9) (3.9) (3.2) (1.2) 31.2 38.2 69.1 24.9 52.2 59.6 7.8 44.8 18.5 3.8 53.1 8.1 48.8 22.6 c 72.9 50.1 3.5 19.0 28.5 64.7 3.4 7.1 27.0 61.4 0.6 17.2 (3.4) (4.0) (2.4) (3.9) (4.9) (5.2) (2.0) (3.7) (3.1) (1.3) (4.2) (2.3) (4.0) (3.3) c (3.4) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (3.4) (3.4) (1.4) (0.3) (2.7) (3.6) (0.6) (2.3) 10.1 34.9 24.5 4.6 11.0 23.0 12.1 23.1 24.7 2.5 7.3 6.4 17.8 17.7 c 58.3 26.4 19.7 11.0 27.1 47.1 16.1 17.5 51.1 60.0 0.6 1.9 (1.7) (3.6) (2.6) (1.8) (2.7) (4.0) (2.8) (2.8) (4.1) (1.2) (2.3) (1.8) (3.0) (2.9) c (3.7) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (3.8) (3.9) (2.9) (0.4) (3.5) (3.9) (0.6) (0.7) 54.1 50.6 66.8 27.8 52.4 90.3 73.3 95.1 77.7 83.7 7.3 39.4 52.0 78.9 c 78.6 58.4 38.4 41.0 65.2 75.3 64.0 82.0 56.4 83.6 3.5 25.4 (3.9) (4.1) (2.4) (3.8) (4.7) (2.8) (3.4) (1.6) (3.3) (2.9) (2.3) (3.9) (3.9) (3.0) c (2.9) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (5.7) (3.6) (4.1) (0.3) (3.3) (2.6) (1.4) (2.6) 16.3 35.1 28.6 6.6 23.2 42.6 20.8 55.7 25.4 18.0 15.2 12.8 31.9 19.8 c 73.3 32.3 17.0 7.1 48.5 44.1 26.5 21.3 44.3 72.2 a 4.0 (2.7) (3.7) (2.5) (2.0) (3.2) (5.6) (3.4) (3.4) (4.2) (2.8) (3.2) (2.5) (3.6) (3.1) c (3.4) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (4.7) (3.4) (3.7) (0.3) (3.3) (3.5) a (0.9) 11.6 9.5 13.6 19.5 31.0 33.6 13.1 60.5 81.1 11.5 a 18.2 29.9 56.3 c 54.6 31.6 20.0 14.8 19.2 45.9 34.6 63.6 25.2 69.0 7.0 6.7 (2.6) (2.4) (1.9) (3.0) (3.9) (4.5) (2.7) (3.5) (3.3) (2.4) a (2.8) (3.7) (4.1) c (3.6) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (3.4) (3.7) (3.3) (0.5) (2.8) (3.7) (1.8) (1.4) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 182 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/1] Table 5.12d Direct influence of stakeholders on decision making at school: assessment practices1 Tableau 5.12d Influence directe des acteurs intervenant dans les décisions relatives aux pratiques d’évaluation de l’établissement Percentage of students in schools where the principal reported that the following stakeholders exert a direct influence on decision making about assessment practices Regional or national education authorities (e.g. inspectorates) The school’s governing board Parent groups Teacher groups Student groups External examination board Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 84.3 47.5 58.1 79.9 60.4 45.7 83.5 w 53.6 73.5 51.4 49.0 57.9 16.6 23.3 42.2 98.1 43.7 53.6 79.3 62.0 30.9 72.3 62.4 64.4 49.6 69.7 46.5 60.9 79.7 56.9 58.6 (2.3) (4.0) (3.2) (1.9) (4.1) (4.1) (3.1) w (3.5) (3.6) (4.3) (0.2) (3.6) (2.2) (2.9) (3.8) (0.0) (2.7) (3.7) (2.8) (3.0) (3.8) (3.7) (4.0) (2.8) (3.9) (2.5) (4.6) (3.0) (3.4) (1.2) (0.6) 7.0 14.1 49.9 28.6 72.1 93.1 22.2 w 39.7 1.1 86.8 12.0 24.9 12.3 17.4 20.3 16.7 39.6 6.8 10.6 3.3 18.1 43.9 18.3 25.4 1.7 32.4 48.2 21.2 58.9 37.2 29.2 (1.4) (2.9) (3.0) (2.0) (3.5) (2.1) (3.4) w (3.3) (0.8) (2.6) (0.2) (3.0) (1.8) (3.0) (3.3) (0.1) (2.5) (2.0) (2.0) (1.3) (2.8) (4.1) (3.1) (2.9) (0.9) (2.7) (4.0) (3.0) (4.3) (1.4) (0.5) 10.0 4.7 23.3 10.5 35.2 a 25.6 w 2.4 0.8 45.5 18.9 14.9 8.7 8.4 21.3 a 6.2 9.4 5.2 10.4 62.2 24.4 26.5 6.3 3.7 2.0 28.4 8.1 10.7 13.4 16.1 (1.6) (1.6) (2.3) (1.8) (3.6) a (3.9) w (1.0) (0.8) (3.9) (0.2) (2.7) (1.7) (1.9) (3.1) a (1.2) (2.2) (1.5) (2.2) (3.4) (3.2) (3.6) (1.5) (1.5) (0.8) (3.8) (1.8) (2.7) (0.9) (0.5) 69.6 61.0 56.1 66.6 74.5 80.2 73.8 w 76.2 40.6 96.1 7.4 46.2 78.4 84.8 66.3 29.9 46.0 63.4 58.9 80.2 90.6 40.1 15.9 34.9 77.0 45.3 59.5 30.0 66.5 64.4 59.2 (2.8) (4.1) (3.3) (2.4) (3.4) (2.9) (3.7) w (2.6) (4.2) (1.6) (0.1) (4.3) (2.2) (3.0) (4.3) (0.1) (2.7) (4.2) (3.2) (3.2) (2.4) (3.3) (3.1) (2.8) (2.8) (2.9) (4.0) (2.9) (3.6) (1.2) (0.6) 13.2 9.0 23.8 7.0 37.6 47.6 14.0 w 6.9 2.9 87.6 7.3 13.4 9.8 6.3 18.2 a 24.7 17.9 5.3 25.3 74.5 16.3 19.8 8.6 15.5 3.4 42.6 17.6 9.7 17.6 20.9 (2.2) (2.4) (2.3) (1.1) (4.0) (3.7) (3.2) w (1.8) (1.5) (3.0) (0.2) (2.5) (1.3) (2.0) (3.2) a (2.3) (3.1) (1.6) (3.2) (3.4) (2.7) (3.1) (1.5) (3.3) (1.0) (4.2) (2.6) (2.9) (1.1) (0.5) 82.0 a 18.0 36.7 48.0 24.7 22.6 w 12.7 a 36.0 36.8 84.3 24.3 6.6 32.6 24.2 51.0 78.7 95.7 20.7 30.3 67.4 18.6 a 2.8 22.5 29.1 84.9 41.9 37.8 39.7 (1.7) a (2.5) (2.7) (4.3) (3.6) (3.7) w (2.0) a (4.3) (0.2) (2.9) (2.5) (1.9) (3.6) (0.1) (2.1) (3.1) (1.4) (3.3) (3.6) (3.9) (3.1) a (1.4) (2.7) (4.1) (2.5) (3.9) (1.3) (0.6) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 63.1 20.5 37.6 87.1 55.5 45.9 83.9 62.2 67.8 30.0 33.5 43.9 33.7 66.0 c 49.2 45.3 58.2 59.3 69.4 60.0 75.4 80.6 48.1 36.6 64.9 90.4 (4.1) (2.8) (2.7) (2.9) (3.8) (5.6) (2.4) (3.3) (3.9) (3.3) (4.0) (3.6) (4.1) (3.8) c (4.0) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (5.8) (3.4) (3.7) (0.3) (3.4) (3.6) (4.2) (1.5) 31.1 35.6 71.7 50.5 56.7 55.8 11.4 43.6 20.3 4.4 69.3 42.2 30.2 27.2 c 66.8 47.0 12.3 38.4 43.7 47.0 5.4 12.8 26.1 51.6 18.8 26.3 (3.8) (4.0) (2.4) (4.2) (4.9) (5.6) (2.5) (3.7) (3.2) (1.3) (3.7) (3.7) (3.9) (3.7) c (3.7) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (6.0) (3.3) (1.9) (0.1) (3.0) (3.7) (3.4) (2.8) 6.5 24.7 24.3 11.0 11.1 32.9 42.3 19.2 22.4 10.3 11.5 51.4 6.1 25.4 c 48.0 30.1 32.6 19.2 12.3 15.4 43.4 31.6 41.3 58.0 9.0 0.9 (1.7) (3.6) (2.6) (2.4) (2.1) (5.4) (3.8) (2.8) (3.7) (2.1) (2.7) (3.9) (2.2) (3.7) c (3.3) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (2.6) (3.0) (4.1) (0.3) (3.0) (3.7) (2.5) (0.5) 47.5 32.0 69.7 32.0 55.5 81.2 75.0 95.2 69.4 66.3 9.6 41.4 48.1 87.6 c 76.6 50.9 45.0 36.7 77.2 63.4 57.0 91.5 47.3 67.6 8.0 30.1 (4.3) (3.5) (2.2) (4.1) (4.7) (3.7) (3.5) (1.2) (3.9) (4.9) (2.6) (3.7) (3.5) (2.4) c (3.2) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (4.0) (3.3) (4.2) (0.2) (3.4) (3.6) (2.1) (2.7) 9.2 21.8 29.7 12.4 25.7 60.7 45.7 50.7 17.1 9.2 34.8 36.8 20.1 42.0 c 66.7 23.5 41.0 12.0 23.6 30.7 51.4 52.8 31.7 60.0 4.6 2.7 (2.2) (3.4) (2.6) (2.6) (3.9) (5.1) (3.9) (3.5) (3.4) (1.8) (3.8) (3.9) (3.4) (4.0) c (3.2) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (4.2) (3.7) (4.1) (0.6) (3.2) (3.8) (1.7) (0.9) 22.4 46.5 31.2 43.0 30.4 64.3 34.0 66.7 92.8 49.8 a 47.6 38.3 65.7 c 65.1 36.7 58.7 26.8 71.2 66.5 44.2 67.8 26.6 89.3 29.1 19.1 (2.9) (4.3) (2.6) (3.8) (3.6) (4.7) (3.6) (3.3) (2.5) (4.8) a (3.8) (3.9) (3.5) c (3.5) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (4.2) (3.5) (4.2) (0.6) (3.0) (2.6) (4.0) (2.4) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 183 5 I. Data / données [Part 1/1] Table 5.13 School principals’ perceptions of vacant science teaching positions and lack of qualified science teachers1 Tableau 5.13 Postes vacants d’enseignants et offre correspondante d’enseignants qualifiés dans les matières scientifiques Percentage of student in schools where the principal reported No vacant science teaching positions to be filled or all vacant science teaching positions filled No vacant science teaching positions to be filled All vacant science teaching positions filled One or more vacant science teaching positions not filled One or more vacant science teaching positions not filled of which a lack of qualified of which a lack of qualified science teachers hinders science teachers hinders instruction to some extent or a lot instruction to some extent or a lot Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 21.7 55.6 25.1 18.0 53.8 37.0 59.5 w 40.2 30.9 57.4 31.2 55.5 33.4 11.1 80.0 38.4 48.9 34.1 19.2 m 73.1 25.1 2.6 36.0 27.4 42.1 62.9 18.6 26.5 35.8 38.0 (2.3) (3.7) (2.5) (1.7) (3.4) (3.7) (3.8) w (2.9) (4.4) (4.4) (0.2) (3.9) (2.6) (2.5) (3.2) (0.0) (2.9) (3.6) (2.7) m (3.6) (3.2) (1.3) (2.4) (3.3) (3.0) (4.2) (2.5) (3.6) (1.2) (0.6) 74.6 41.2 73.8 80.3 44.1 61.2 37.0 w 48.0 69.1 39.6 67.2 44.0 66.5 86.0 18.8 42.6 48.7 63.0 79.3 m 26.8 74.9 96.6 63.6 71.7 56.9 29.6 72.6 70.7 60.7 58.9 (2.6) (3.9) (2.6) (1.8) (3.3) (3.7) (3.9) w (3.0) (4.4) (4.3) (0.2) (3.9) (2.6) (2.7) (3.2) (0.0) (3.0) (3.7) (2.8) m (3.6) (3.2) (1.4) (2.4) (3.5) (3.0) (3.9) (3.0) (3.6) (1.3) (0.6) 3.7 3.2 1.2 1.7 2.1 1.8 3.5 w 11.8 0.0 3.0 1.6 0.5 0.2 3.0 1.3 19.0 2.4 2.9 1.5 m 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.4 0.9 1.0 7.5 8.8 2.8 3.5 3.3 (1.1) (1.0) (0.7) (0.5) (1.1) (1.0) (1.3) w (2.3) (0.0) (1.4) (0.1) (0.5) (0.1) (1.2) (0.9) (0.0) (0.6) (1.1) (0.5) m (0.1) (0.0) (0.4) (0.3) (0.6) (0.2) (2.7) (1.8) (0.8) (0.4) (0.2) 29.3 6.7 27.0 20.2 15.4 24.0 2.0 w 30.5 10.1 3.9 24.3 8.1 12.6 2.9 3.6 25.2 32.6 7.3 15.1 m 1.9 0.0 7.0 4.0 7.2 15.6 62.2 11.1 19.7 18.4 15.9 (2.5) (1.8) (3.1) (2.0) (2.7) (3.5) (1.1) w (3.1) (2.2) (1.7) (0.2) (2.1) (2.0) (1.2) (1.5) (0.0) (2.8) (2.1) (2.6) m (1.1) (0.0) (1.9) (1.4) (2.2) (1.7) (4.1) (2.3) (3.4) (1.1) (0.4) 65.8 73.8 c c c c 7.6 w 85.6 c 43.2 c c c c c 71.4 c c c m c c c c c c 100.0 72.0 c 73.6 64.9 (16.2) (19.9) c c c c (7.9) w (6.3) c (24.4) c c c c c (0.1) c c c m c c c c c c (0.0) (11.3) c (4.9) (4.8) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 37.2 54.7 9.2 69.4 35.4 56.0 27.4 55.2 49.7 6.4 23.4 8.6 2.7 34.1 c 54.2 13.8 48.5 19.6 40.7 6.8 40.9 22.6 19.2 41.3 68.9 44.9 (4.7) (3.9) (1.5) (4.0) (4.4) (5.0) (3.2) (3.7) (4.6) (1.2) (3.9) (2.5) (1.1) (3.8) c (4.1) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (5.0) (2.0) (4.0) (0.3) (2.8) (4.2) (4.0) (2.7) 61.1 32.3 80.9 30.6 62.1 38.7 70.9 43.0 50.3 59.8 69.2 85.0 72.2 64.7 c 45.2 84.5 49.7 77.9 58.4 90.2 55.8 70.5 71.1 56.7 31.1 52.4 (4.7) (3.7) (1.9) (4.0) (4.5) (4.7) (3.2) (3.6) (4.6) (3.3) (4.3) (2.7) (3.2) (3.8) c (4.1) (0.0) (0.2) (0.1) (5.0) (2.2) (4.1) (0.3) (3.6) (4.1) (4.0) (2.7) 1.7 13.0 9.9 0.0 2.5 5.3 1.8 1.9 0.0 33.8 7.4 6.4 25.1 1.2 c 0.6 1.7 1.8 2.5 0.9 3.0 3.3 7.0 9.8 2.1 0.0 2.7 (0.5) (3.4) (1.7) (0.0) (1.3) (2.0) (1.2) (1.3) (0.0) (3.2) (2.4) (1.9) (3.1) (0.8) c (0.6) (0.0) (0.0) (0.1) (0.7) (1.1) (1.4) (0.1) (2.4) (0.8) (0.0) (0.7) 11.8 59.0 23.3 1.3 33.7 19.8 14.8 22.0 8.7 23.1 10.3 58.4 60.5 15.5 c 15.1 15.9 7.2 25.2 2.0 32.4 1.6 0.3 12.3 18.2 1.4 20.5 (3.0) (4.0) (2.4) (0.8) (5.0) (5.8) (2.7) (3.0) (2.3) (3.3) (3.1) (4.0) (4.3) (2.9) c (2.6) (0.1) (0.1) (0.1) (1.1) (3.5) (1.0) (0.2) (3.1) (3.2) (1.0) (2.1) c 58.4 51.2 c c 74.3 c c c 63.4 38.7 92.5 74.9 c c c c c c c 100.0 0.0 0.0 29.9 c c c c (16.4) (10.4) c c (16.1) c c c (5.5) (17.5) (11.1) (6.2) c c c c c c c (0.0) (0.0) (0.0) (12.3) c c c Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 184 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/2 ] Table 5.14 Index of teacher shortage and student performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 and student/teacher ratio Tableau 5.14 Indice de pénurie d’enseignants et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice, et nombre d’élèves par enseignant Performance on the science scale by quarters of the index of teacher shortage Index of teacher shortage All students Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Partners OECD Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 0.33 -0.36 0.49 0.17 0.15 0.10 -0.28 w 0.36 -0.34 -0.56 0.04 -0.21 0.06 -0.51 -0.51 1.06 0.66 0.13 0.37 0.35 -0.84 -0.84 -0.05 -0.64 -0.36 -0.06 1.41 0.08 -0.02 0.04 0.01 (0.05) (0.06) (0.06) (0.05) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) w (0.05) (0.08) (0.05) (0.01) (0.07) (0.07) (0.05) (0.07) (0.00) (0.05) (0.06) (0.04) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.06) (0.04) (0.10) (0.06) (0.08) (0.03) (0.01) -1.06 -1.06 -0.92 -1.06 -0.65 -0.90 -1.06 w -0.99 c c -1.06 -1.06 -1.06 c c -0.08 -0.70 -1.06 -0.73 -0.78 c c -1.06 c -1.06 -1.06 -0.09 -1.06 -1.06 -1.06 -0.89 (0.00) (0.00) (0.03) (0.00) (0.05) (0.03) (0.00) w (0.02) c c (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) c c (0.01) (0.03) (0.00) (0.05) (0.05) c c (0.00) c (0.00) (0.00) (0.13) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) 0.00 -1.03 0.18 -0.37 -0.08 -0.09 -0.44 w 0.20 c c -0.38 -0.83 -0.52 c c 0.86 0.52 -0.21 0.19 0.23 c c -0.36 c -0.97 -0.44 1.21 -0.40 -0.63 -0.65 -0.15 (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) w (0.04) c c (0.01) (0.04) (0.03) c c (0.00) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.02) c c (0.03) c (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.05) (0.02) (0.01) 0.79 -0.05 0.87 0.54 0.30 0.41 -0.12 w 0.83 c c 0.36 0.10 0.52 c c 1.35 1.02 0.53 0.71 0.78 c c 0.21 c -0.13 0.28 1.71 0.43 0.41 0.44 0.54 (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) w (0.02) c c (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) c c (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) c c (0.01) c (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.02) (0.00) 1.59 0.69 1.82 1.56 1.05 0.97 0.49 w 1.42 c c 1.22 0.93 1.30 c c 2.11 1.81 1.26 1.33 1.15 c c 1.01 c 0.71 0.97 2.81 1.34 1.21 1.43 1.31 (0.03) (0.07) (0.06) (0.07) (0.05) (0.04) (0.05) w (0.03) c c (0.01) (0.09) (0.07) c c (0.00) (0.05) (0.07) (0.04) (0.02) c c (0.08) c (0.06) (0.03) (0.10) (0.07) (0.07) (0.03) (0.01) 550 516 546 539 553 501 572 w 538 c c 494 510 464 c c 483 427 538 551 479 c c 509 c 506 525 417 527 492 505 511 (5.4) (7.7) (6.1) (4.3) (8.9) (5.1) (3.7) w (7.4) c c (3.8) (5.6) (7.2) c c (2.6) (4.1) (8.6) (6.9) (9.2) c c (7.6) c (4.4) (7.0) (10.7) (7.6) (7.5) (2.3) (1.4) 528 512 508 541 515 496 561 w 531 c c 496 508 467 c c 502 414 530 532 492 c c 492 c 508 512 432 527 497 506 505 (4.3) (6.8) (10.4) (4.9) (7.0) (5.2) (4.1) w (8.0) c c (3.5) (6.1) (5.4) c c (2.4) (5.4) (7.7) (5.7) (4.4) c c (8.3) c (4.4) (4.6) (11.4) (5.9) (6.1) (2.3) (1.4) 520 523 512 532 509 496 559 w 522 c c 487 502 489 c c 479 404 521 520 487 c c 487 c 504 510 432 512 487 490 500 (4.8) (9.2) (8.0) (4.1) (8.7) (5.5) (3.7) w (7.0) c c (3.3) (6.8) (5.3) c c (2.4) (6.0) (12.0) (6.2) (4.2) c c (8.4) c (4.0) (7.9) (10.0) (6.4) (8.0) (3.4) (1.5) 509 494 482 529 479 493 561 w 474 c c 484 513 484 c c 482 392 510 523 485 c c 466 c 496 501 420 501 483 462 489 (5.5) (11.2) (8.5) (3.7) (9.1) (7.3) (4.3) w (11.6) c c (3.6) (6.4) (5.8) c c (2.2) (7.2) (9.7) (4.9) (4.0) c c (6.7) c (6.0) (7.6) (5.4) (6.1) (12.1) (4.2) (1.5) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay -0.26 0.63 0.14 -0.41 0.50 0.23 -0.26 0.37 -0.20 0.71 -0.25 1.50 1.49 0.03 c 0.03 0.07 -0.51 0.36 -0.61 0.52 -0.61 -0.66 -0.31 0.65 0.14 0.19 (0.07) (0.09) (0.06) (0.05) (0.09) (0.12) (0.05) (0.05) (0.09) (0.06) (0.09) (0.10) (0.11) (0.07) c (0.07) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.06) (0.09) (0.05) (0.01) (0.10) (0.06) (0.07) (0.06) -1.06 -0.90 -1.06 -1.06 -0.90 -1.06 -1.06 -0.81 -1.06 -0.60 -1.06 -0.22 -0.38 -1.05 c -1.06 -1.06 c -1.06 c -1.03 c c c -0.44 -1.04 -1.06 (0.00) (0.04) (0.00) (0.00) (0.04) (0.00) (0.00) (0.05) (0.00) (0.07) (0.00) (0.11) (0.10) (0.00) c (0.00) (0.00) c (0.00) c (0.01) c c c (0.07) (0.01) (0.00) -1.02 0.54 -0.62 -0.82 0.16 -0.39 -0.82 0.12 -0.92 0.47 -0.98 1.10 1.15 -0.21 c -0.33 -0.70 c -0.41 c 0.09 c c c 0.46 -0.05 -0.34 (0.01) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.06) (0.05) (0.02) (0.03) (0.04) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.01) c (0.02) (0.02) c (0.01) c (0.03) c c c (0.03) (0.04) (0.05) 0.04 1.13 0.60 -0.18 1.01 0.67 0.09 0.68 0.08 1.01 -0.03 1.84 1.94 0.29 c 0.25 0.32 c 0.43 c 0.85 c c c 0.96 0.58 0.63 (0.05) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.04) (0.05) (0.02) c (0.02) (0.00) c (0.00) c (0.03) c c c (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) 1.02 1.75 1.64 0.44 1.71 1.69 0.76 1.51 1.11 1.94 1.05 3.27 3.26 1.08 c 1.27 1.70 c 2.48 c 2.17 c c c 1.62 1.07 1.54 (0.05) (0.08) (0.08) (0.05) (0.06) (0.15) (0.05) (0.05) (0.11) (0.08) (0.14) (0.06) (0.06) (0.10) c (0.11) (0.00) c (0.01) c (0.14) c c c (0.07) (0.05) (0.04) 416 375 417 424 450 401 509 522 549 413 469 448 313 487 c 486 520 c 372 c 480 c c c 441 370 445 (9.2) (5.3) (6.6) (10.2) (10.8) (7.5) (5.1) (6.1) (6.5) (8.6) (7.8) (6.1) (5.4) (6.2) c (5.9) (2.3) c (2.3) c (6.0) c c c (7.1) (8.6) (9.2) 410 397 403 429 437 394 501 537 547 395 467 413 312 484 c 497 516 c 347 c 489 c c c 427 392 424 (9.6) (6.2) (5.0) (9.3) (8.9) (5.9) (5.3) (5.4) (6.0) (12.6) (7.4) (6.1) (6.9) (5.8) c (8.3) (2.9) c (2.6) c (6.5) c c c (4.9) (9.4) (7.2) 376 389 382 437 436 378 480 534 537 385 439 412 341 492 c 486 499 c 340 c 477 c c c 412 392 428 (9.3) (6.0) (4.8) (9.4) (9.3) (7.7) (7.2) (5.1) (9.9) (9.9) (8.7) (6.5) (7.1) (6.8) c (7.1) (3.2) c (2.8) c (6.0) c c c (4.6) (6.8) (6.6) 366 372 361 450 435 381 480 535 532 376 440 414 317 495 c 484 508 c 351 c 466 c c c 404 388 416 (12.8) (3.7) (5.6) (15.3) (8.8) (6.0) (6.5) (4.4) (8.9) (6.3) (11.1) (5.0) (7.9) (5.7) c (7.3) (2.1) c (1.8) c (8.7) c c c (4.8) (8.6) (6.6) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 185 5 I. Data / données [Part 2/2 ] Table 5.14 Index of teacher shortage and student performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 and student/teacher ratio Tableau 5.14 Indice de pénurie d’enseignants et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice, et nombre d’élèves par enseignant Increased likelihood of students in the top quarter of this index scoring in Change in the science the bottom quarter of score per unit of the index the science performance of teacher shortage distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared X 100) Student/teacher ratio Partners OECD Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. % S.E. Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average -15.2 -10.4 -23.6 -4.3 -43.7 -4.3 -7.6 w -21.9 c c -4.0 0.8 7.5 c c 5.4 -13.0 -12.3 -15.2 3.8 c c -18.1 c -6.0 -9.8 2.8 -11.7 -2.8 -16.6 -9.3 (2.64) (6.12) (3.59) (1.81) (6.98) (4.06) (3.50) w (5.38) c c (1.54) (4.23) (4.16) c c (1.25) (2.69) (5.23) (3.69) (5.07) c c (4.87) c (3.46) (4.89) (2.98) (3.65) (5.26) (1.61) (0.90) 0.7 0.9 0.5 1.0 0.5 0.9 0.8 w 0.7 c c 0.9 0.9 1.3 c c 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.2 c c 0.7 c 1.0 0.8 1.3 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9 (0.06) (0.12) (0.08) (0.08) (0.10) (0.09) (0.08) w (0.12) c c (0.08) (0.11) (0.15) c c (0.07) (0.08) (0.14) (0.10) (0.15) c c (0.11) c (0.10) (0.09) (0.18) (0.10) (0.14) (0.04) (0.02) 2.3 0.7 6.4 0.2 9.5 0.1 0.3 w 4.1 c c 0.1 0.0 0.6 c c 0.2 2.6 1.4 1.3 0.1 c c 2.6 c 0.2 0.6 0.2 1.1 0.1 2.8 1.6 (0.81) (0.90) (1.99) (0.20) (3.18) (0.23) (0.29) w (1.96) c c (0.11) (0.14) (0.70) c c (0.11) (1.00) (1.22) (0.63) (0.28) c c (1.41) c (0.27) (0.55) (0.37) (0.72) (0.25) (0.52) (0.23) 13.4 11.3 9.1 16.7 13.6 11.7 11.3 w 17.2 8.9 12.1 10.9 13.3 9.2 12.8 16.3 9.5 27.1 16.0 15.8 10.7 11.3 8.9 15.0 12.4 12.3 11.9 18.5 15.3 15.3 15.5 13.4 (0.14) (0.39) (0.12) (0.13) (0.28) (0.17) (0.16) w (0.27) (0.19) (0.35) (0.01) (0.14) (0.12) (0.30) (0.16) (0.00) (0.63) (0.33) (0.21) (0.14) (0.14) (0.19) (0.28) (0.16) (0.20) (0.16) (0.63) (0.14) (0.41) (0.16) (0.05) 2.5 6.7 3.0 3.0 3.8 2.5 2.2 w 4.9 2.7 4.7 2.1 2.1 2.7 4.6 2.5 1.4 11.4 4.4 3.0 2.0 2.3 2.6 3.7 4.3 2.5 3.1 8.4 2.7 4.7 6.9 3.7 (0.35) (0.53) (0.12) (0.14) (0.20) (0.12) (0.15) w (0.31) (0.19) (0.36) (0.01) (0.12) (0.10) (0.25) (0.27) (0.00) (0.43) (0.60) (0.33) (0.11) (0.13) (0.17) (0.21) (0.16) (0.19) (0.28) (0.58) (0.21) (0.24) (0.14) (0.05) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay -25.1 0.8 -19.7 17.1 -6.3 -8.2 -17.5 4.0 -9.6 -13.6 -13.0 -9.6 1.2 5.6 c -3.9 -8.5 c -3.6 c -6.0 c c c -18.2 8.6 -10.5 (7.17) (2.56) (2.91) (12.22) (5.40) (2.76) (4.49) (3.24) (4.99) (3.59) (7.66) (2.22) (2.60) (3.32) c (3.64) (0.67) c (0.60) c (3.75) c c c (4.19) (5.52) (3.97) 0.7 1.3 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.1 1.0 c 1.0 0.8 c 0.8 c 1.0 c c c 0.7 1.4 0.7 (0.16) (0.18) (0.08) (0.16) (0.15) (0.13) (0.09) (0.16) (0.14) (0.12) (0.11) (0.08) (0.13) (0.14) c (0.12) (0.07) c (0.05) c (0.14) c c c (0.12) (0.21) (0.16) 5.1 0.0 6.4 1.0 0.5 1.2 2.5 0.2 1.0 3.9 1.2 2.1 0.0 0.3 c 0.2 1.7 c 0.4 c 0.7 c c c 3.9 0.7 1.4 (2.82) (0.22) (1.68) (1.48) (0.81) (0.82) (1.32) (0.33) (1.05) (1.93) (1.43) (0.99) (0.19) (0.37) c (0.36) (0.26) c (0.13) c (0.91) c c c (1.77) (0.93) (1.12) 11.4 9.9 31.4 11.7 24.9 23.9 13.9 15.3 17.9 18.5 12.7 18.3 16.4 11.7 c 12.1 21.4 16.6 10.7 16.6 13.0 13.3 14.3 17.7 23.0 15.6 15.9 (0.63) (0.24) (0.95) (0.23) (0.68) (1.30) (0.23) (0.16) (0.14) (0.51) (0.42) (0.35) (0.36) (0.36) c (0.18) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.36) (0.37) (0.23) (0.02) (0.38) (0.46) (0.20) (0.31) 6.5 3.2 15.5 2.4 7.0 11.1 3.2 3.4 2.1 7.6 5.7 6.2 5.2 3.9 c 2.7 4.4 4.0 3.0 5.3 5.8 2.8 4.9 5.6 5.4 2.8 5.5 (0.49) (0.30) (0.94) (0.30) (0.42) (1.02) (0.20) (0.09) (0.15) (0.54) (0.45) (0.26) (0.33) (0.71) c (0.09) (0.01) (0.01) (0.03) (0.45) (0.53) (0.23) (0.02) (0.31) (0.31) (0.19) (0.16) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 186 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/2 ] School principals’ perceptions of the quality of the schools’ educational resources and student performance on the science scale, Table 5.15 by quarters of the index1 and number of computers for instruction per student Tableau 5.15 Qualité des moyens éducatifs des établissements, selon l’avis du chef d’établissement, et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice, et nombre d’ordinateur utilisés aux fins d’instruction par chaque élève Performance on the science scale by quarters of this index Index of the quality of the schools’ educational resources All students Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Partners OECD Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 0.40 0.36 -0.03 0.09 -0.08 -0.09 -0.23 w 0.11 -0.03 0.20 0.20 -0.32 0.18 0.45 -0.19 0.26 -0.86 0.26 0.30 -0.43 -0.09 -0.38 -0.54 -0.02 0.05 0.67 -0.84 0.27 0.29 0.03 0.00 (0.05) (0.08) (0.06) (0.06) (0.06) (0.06) (0.06) w (0.07) (0.08) (0.07) (0.00) (0.07) (0.05) (0.07) (0.06) (0.00) (0.06) (0.07) (0.06) (0.05) (0.07) (0.06) (0.05) (0.06) (0.06) (0.06) (0.08) (0.08) (0.08) (0.03) (0.01) -0.84 -0.85 -1.05 -1.02 -0.95 -0.96 -1.22 w -1.09 -1.17 -0.81 -0.71 -1.33 -0.98 -0.75 -1.12 -0.87 -2.20 -0.73 -0.75 -1.15 -1.08 -1.21 -1.41 -1.19 -0.91 -0.53 -1.94 -0.96 -0.80 -1.23 -1.05 (0.06) (0.07) (0.04) (0.06) (0.06) (0.08) (0.06) w (0.06) (0.10) (0.07) (0.00) (0.06) (0.04) (0.07) (0.08) (0.00) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) (0.04) (0.05) (0.05) (0.05) (0.05) (0.04) (0.04) (0.09) (0.05) (0.04) (0.02) (0.01) -0.08 -0.09 -0.42 -0.30 -0.34 -0.40 -0.45 w -0.26 -0.23 -0.11 -0.27 -0.70 -0.20 0.02 -0.44 -0.07 -1.25 -0.17 -0.14 -0.65 -0.48 -0.68 -0.78 -0.41 -0.35 0.14 -1.11 -0.22 -0.14 -0.35 -0.36 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) w (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) 0.58 0.60 0.12 0.18 0.07 -0.01 -0.01 w 0.32 0.17 0.35 0.21 -0.13 0.35 0.65 -0.05 0.50 -0.61 0.37 0.40 -0.31 0.11 -0.26 -0.38 0.19 0.17 0.94 -0.62 0.52 0.41 0.21 0.17 (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) w (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) 1.95 1.79 1.22 1.50 0.91 1.00 0.77 w 1.46 1.12 1.37 1.56 0.89 1.55 1.87 0.85 1.49 0.63 1.57 1.72 0.37 1.10 0.63 0.39 1.32 1.28 2.13 0.32 1.74 1.68 1.47 1.25 (0.04) (0.07) (0.08) (0.07) (0.09) (0.10) (0.10) w (0.07) (0.10) (0.08) (0.01) (0.10) (0.07) (0.05) (0.10) (0.00) (0.10) (0.08) (0.06) (0.07) (0.10) (0.13) (0.07) (0.08) (0.08) (0.00) (0.10) (0.05) (0.08) (0.04) (0.01) 515 503 507 531 514 493 570 w 513 442 490 477 508 460 517 513 481 389 512 525 486 503 475 487 481 493 495 407 506 483 462 492 (4.4) (12.1) (7.8) (4.6) (7.4) (6.2) (4.2) w (10.5) (10.1) (9.2) (2.7) (5.4) (6.7) (7.6) (9.5) (2.2) (4.7) (10.8) (6.7) (4.8) (4.7) (7.7) (9.1) (4.9) (3.8) (6.0) (8.9) (5.4) (11.0) (3.5) (1.4) 514 511 508 538 513 486 559 w 506 478 505 493 509 473 528 514 493 389 522 525 486 495 467 502 482 504 513 433 512 477 489 498 (4.7) (9.1) (8.6) (3.7) (9.7) (7.5) (3.5) w (8.6) (7.2) (9.0) (3.1) (7.4) (6.1) (8.6) (8.4) (3.0) (6.3) (11.4) (5.3) (8.9) (5.4) (7.2) (6.9) (5.5) (5.1) (7.6) (9.4) (4.6) (9.4) (3.1) (1.3) 528 523 526 535 510 506 561 w 518 482 511 495 505 481 530 532 491 420 533 529 489 491 476 481 491 510 501 427 517 498 499 503 (4.1) (7.1) (8.7) (3.7) (8.2) (5.1) (3.7) w (9.3) (7.1) (8.1) (3.4) (6.0) (6.0) (11.5) (5.1) (3.0) (5.5) (8.2) (5.6) (5.0) (4.4) (7.0) (8.5) (4.7) (4.2) (5.9) (9.8) (5.9) (7.0) (3.0) (1.2) 550 507 502 537 520 499 564 w 529 491 511 496 512 487 551 530 480 439 532 549 483 502 480 484 500 506 535 434 532 500 514 508 (5.3) (10.4) (8.2) (4.6) (10.8) (5.3) (4.8) w (9.6) (6.3) (8.1) (3.2) (7.6) (6.7) (8.2) (8.7) (2.5) (5.6) (9.3) (8.1) (4.7) (4.4) (7.4) (8.5) (5.4) (4.8) (7.1) (10.7) (7.4) (8.5) (2.9) (1.4) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay -0.55 -1.37 -0.98 -0.58 -0.63 -1.17 -0.55 -0.28 0.35 -1.63 0.07 -0.74 -2.31 -0.54 c -0.39 0.06 -1.26 -0.08 -0.74 -1.18 -0.69 0.22 0.59 -0.67 -0.69 -0.72 (0.08) (0.05) (0.06) (0.05) (0.09) (0.07) (0.06) (0.05) (0.08) (0.09) (0.09) (0.08) (0.06) (0.04) c (0.05) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.07) (0.04) (0.05) (0.01) (0.12) (0.07) (0.05) (0.07) -2.18 -2.36 -2.40 -1.41 -2.01 -2.45 -1.44 -1.04 -0.76 -3.33 -1.29 -1.88 -3.44 -1.40 c -1.17 -0.97 -2.35 -1.42 -1.76 -2.15 -1.60 -0.61 -1.34 -2.06 -1.53 -2.43 (0.10) (0.06) (0.06) (0.05) (0.12) (0.11) (0.04) (0.04) (0.09) (0.03) (0.07) (0.08) (0.00) (0.06) c (0.06) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.09) (0.05) (0.07) (0.01) (0.18) (0.09) (0.05) (0.07) -0.86 -1.62 -1.42 -0.80 -0.85 -1.51 -0.84 -0.54 0.02 -2.09 -0.32 -1.05 -2.78 -0.71 c -0.60 -0.10 -1.49 -0.58 -0.91 -1.36 -0.89 -0.08 0.35 -0.95 -0.97 -1.15 (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) c (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.04) -0.27 -1.14 -0.87 -0.39 -0.27 -0.95 -0.38 -0.18 0.52 -1.14 0.27 -0.52 -1.98 -0.32 c -0.23 0.45 -1.12 0.18 -0.58 -0.98 -0.44 0.28 1.23 -0.30 -0.52 -0.35 (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.06) (0.03) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) c (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.00) (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) 1.10 -0.35 0.79 0.26 0.61 0.22 0.44 0.63 1.61 0.06 1.61 0.51 -1.07 0.29 c 0.45 0.87 -0.08 1.49 0.27 -0.22 0.16 1.27 2.14 0.64 0.26 1.07 (0.11) (0.06) (0.09) (0.08) (0.08) (0.09) (0.09) (0.09) (0.07) (0.13) (0.09) (0.14) (0.08) (0.05) c (0.07) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.09) (0.07) (0.04) (0.01) (0.00) (0.12) (0.08) (0.10) 349 374 351 423 412 373 492 528 539 373 444 411 309 493 c 475 510 404 338 398 467 441 501 522 400 386 406 (9.3) (5.7) (4.3) (12.1) (9.4) (5.1) (7.0) (5.0) (8.8) (7.4) (9.2) (6.8) (7.2) (6.7) c (6.8) (1.8) (2.0) (2.3) (9.7) (5.5) (8.0) (2.3) (11.3) (5.5) (7.5) (4.9) 379 381 375 428 432 386 483 528 544 381 443 412 321 491 c 491 510 411 343 420 482 422 521 540 405 386 415 (14.5) (5.6) (5.0) (12.6) (7.8) (6.6) (7.8) (6.4) (7.4) (6.0) (9.6) (4.7) (6.3) (7.7) c (8.6) (2.0) (3.5) (1.8) (9.0) (7.9) (7.7) (3.2) (7.4) (4.0) (9.4) (6.5) 408 385 394 447 444 374 500 537 539 404 466 425 322 484 c 494 499 426 360 415 480 441 526 534 428 379 430 (11.1) (4.9) (5.7) (14.3) (8.0) (8.0) (6.0) (5.3) (9.5) (10.4) (9.5) (6.6) (6.3) (5.8) c (6.8) (3.2) (3.3) (2.1) (13.1) (6.1) (8.0) (3.3) (5.7) (7.0) (7.4) (6.2) 432 391 442 438 467 421 499 533 547 413 464 439 333 490 c 492 524 406 374 441 489 438 528 537 451 390 460 (8.3) (6.3) (6.8) (12.8) (8.5) (7.2) (7.9) (5.6) (9.0) (11.7) (10.3) (8.9) (6.7) (6.0) c (6.1) (1.7) (1.9) (1.7) (7.1) (5.9) (6.9) (3.0) (7.9) (6.4) (8.6) (11.1) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 187 5 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] School principals’ perceptions of the quality of the schools’ educational resources and student performance on the science scale, Table 5.15 by quarters of the index1 and number of computers for instruction per student Tableau 5.15 Qualité des moyens éducatifs des établissements, selon l’avis du chef d’établissement, et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice, et nombre d’ordinateur utilisés aux fins d’instruction par chaque élève Increased likelihood of students in the top quarter of this index scoring in the bottom quarter of Change in the science the science performance score per unit of this index distribution Explained variance in student performance (r-squared X 100) Computers for instruction per student Partners OECD Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. % S.E. Mean S.E. S.D. S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 13.4 1.9 -0.6 2.4 3.0 3.1 -1.4 w 6.6 17.3 7.5 5.5 1.7 9.7 11.9 5.5 -0.6 18.3 8.9 12.5 -1.4 1.3 6.9 -6.9 7.5 4.5 12.8 5.3 9.3 10.4 19.1 6.1 (2.16) (5.97) (4.53) (2.21) (6.42) (3.11) (3.19) w (4.92) (5.58) (5.98) (1.57) (4.98) (3.64) (3.91) (6.55) (1.18) (2.29) (6.27) (3.81) (4.11) (2.52) (4.95) (5.83) (2.87) (3.09) (3.39) (5.05) (3.59) (5.24) (1.49) (0.81) 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.8 w 1.0 1.9 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.6 1.2 (0.09) (0.24) (0.14) (0.09) (0.15) (0.12) (0.08) w (0.19) (0.29) (0.22) (0.09) (0.12) (0.16) (0.16) (0.19) (0.06) (0.17) (0.23) (0.13) (0.10) (0.10) (0.15) (0.19) (0.10) (0.09) (0.11) (0.23) (0.11) (0.22) (0.09) (0.03) 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 w 0.4 3.2 0.6 0.3 0.0 1.0 1.4 0.3 0.0 6.8 0.7 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.2 1.7 0.3 0.8 0.9 3.8 0.8 (0.62) (0.45) (0.18) (0.14) (0.29) (0.16) (0.10) w (0.75) (1.88) (0.93) (0.16) (0.24) (0.77) (1.00) (0.64) (0.02) (1.56) (1.05) (0.78) (0.07) (0.09) (0.70) (0.59) (0.53) (0.26) (0.93) (0.70) (0.68) (0.98) (0.59) (0.14) 0.26 0.23 0.14 0.19 0.12 0.18 0.15 w 0.09 0.08 0.19 0.15 0.10 0.12 0.20 0.18 0.24 0.07 0.15 0.19 0.22 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.17 0.05 0.28 0.23 0.16 0.15 (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) w (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) 0.16 0.18 0.13 0.12 0.14 0.08 0.08 w 0.07 0.07 0.18 0.09 0.06 0.13 0.20 0.18 0.23 0.09 0.08 0.10 0.10 0.07 0.04 0.06 0.09 0.09 0.13 0.05 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.11 (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.04) (0.01) (0.01) w (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 27.2 6.0 30.2 11.8 22.2 16.8 3.8 -1.2 5.0 12.3 6.7 12.5 10.7 -0.8 c 12.4 4.8 3.6 15.1 16.6 10.7 1.7 4.5 5.8 18.5 -0.8 17.2 (3.39) (4.13) (2.14) (10.08) (3.39) (3.19) (5.37) (5.01) (4.98) (3.78) (4.03) (3.00) (3.68) (4.83) c (4.81) (1.29) (0.91) (0.80) (6.17) (3.59) (6.32) (2.15) (4.17) (2.80) (5.49) (2.62) 1.9 1.3 1.9 1.2 1.7 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.3 0.9 c 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.8 1.2 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.4 (0.37) (0.19) (0.18) (0.19) (0.21) (0.14) (0.15) (0.13) (0.17) (0.24) (0.15) (0.15) (0.16) (0.13) c (0.15) (0.05) (0.07) (0.07) (0.42) (0.12) (0.15) (0.07) (0.23) (0.16) (0.16) (0.18) 12.1 0.8 19.0 0.6 6.6 4.6 0.1 0.0 0.3 5.5 0.5 1.8 1.6 0.0 c 0.9 0.2 0.2 4.0 3.0 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.7 6.9 0.0 6.2 (3.09) (1.07) (2.46) (1.04) (2.25) (1.62) (0.37) (0.17) (0.58) (3.11) (0.56) (0.91) (1.12) (0.12) c (0.69) (0.11) (0.09) (0.43) (2.13) (0.58) (0.25) (0.12) (1.10) (1.82) (0.22) (1.97) 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.04 0.10 0.06 0.07 0.20 0.03 0.10 0.05 0.01 0.06 c 0.06 0.13 0.03 0.12 0.06 0.03 0.05 0.14 0.14 0.08 0.02 0.05 (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) c (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) 0.04 0.01 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.21 0.04 0.04 0.08 0.04 0.07 0.03 0.02 0.04 c 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.10 0.05 0.02 0.04 0.16 0.12 0.07 0.01 0.05 (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.00) (0.00) (0.04) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) c (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 188 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/2 ] Table 5.16 Percentage of students taking various science courses1 Tableau 5.16 Pourcentage d’élèves par matière scientifique Students taking various science courses General science courses Compulsory Biology courses Optional Compulsory Physics courses Optional Compulsory Optional Partners OECD % Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 64.0 a 55.0 84.4 47.9 15.9 86.2 a 68.9 a a 86.2 50.3 54.5 87.7 89.9 a 21.9 54.2 70.0 100.0 a 72.9 a 58.4 57.1 73.0 44.9 m 64.5 60.4 64.0 (1.1) a (1.2) (0.4) (1.3) (0.8) (0.8) a (1.1) a a (0.5) (2.1) (1.3) (1.2) (1.1) a (0.7) (1.3) (1.5) (0.0) a (1.1) a (0.9) (1.2) (1.0) (1.6) m (1.0) (0.4) (0.2) 27.3 a 12.4 17.8 11.2 7.1 7.1 a 20.5 a a 31.9 31.7 a 13.0 45.6 a 18.1 21.3 32.1 a a 30.8 a 29.3 5.1 14.0 20.3 m 25.9 22.4 21.1 (1.0) a (0.5) (0.5) (0.9) (0.5) (0.7) a (1.1) a a (0.7) (1.5) a (1.0) (1.8) a (0.8) (0.7) (1.3) a a (0.9) a (0.8) (0.4) (0.7) (0.8) m (0.7) (0.3) (0.2) 26.0 55.4 46.5 31.1 65.8 85.9 95.1 82.1 73.5 22.1 61.5 71.0 a 65.5 45.6 a 78.7 22.6 47.4 30.4 a 100.0 23.8 65.9 56.6 58.8 54.9 49.7 m 52.2 52.1 56.5 (0.9) (1.6) (1.3) (0.7) (2.8) (0.8) (0.5) (1.3) (1.2) (0.7) (2.1) (0.7) a (1.7) (2.0) a (0.5) (0.9) (1.4) (1.2) a (0.0) (1.2) (2.1) (1.0) (1.2) (1.3) (1.8) m (1.9) (0.7) (0.3) 15.4 11.1 8.0 11.9 7.6 9.2 4.6 5.2 11.2 11.5 7.6 21.0 23.1 a 9.3 41.9 16.1 19.8 24.7 18.2 a a 15.7 9.7 33.2 4.6 6.6 21.2 m 15.2 15.8 14.8 (0.6) (0.8) (0.6) (0.4) (0.8) (0.7) (0.5) (0.5) (0.8) (0.6) (0.6) (0.6) (0.9) a (0.7) (1.8) (0.5) (0.9) (1.0) (0.9) a a (0.6) (0.6) (1.0) (0.3) (0.4) (1.0) m (0.7) (0.3) (0.2) 26.7 48.8 55.1 32.8 80.7 89.3 94.7 92.9 81.0 83.5 78.4 72.3 a 49.9 42.9 a 65.8 39.7 48.8 31.3 a 100.0 48.6 80.1 64.4 60.2 58.4 54.5 m 16.9 45.4 61.4 (1.0) (1.8) (1.4) (0.6) (2.3) (0.7) (0.5) (0.4) (0.9) (0.8) (1.7) (0.6) a (1.3) (2.0) a (0.5) (1.0) (1.1) (1.1) a (0.0) (1.1) (2.2) (0.7) (1.2) (1.2) (1.9) m (0.9) (0.4) (0.2) 12.5 5.6 11.9 8.2 5.7 10.6 4.5 5.2 8.9 29.1 8.3 22.7 10.5 a 7.3 45.7 12.0 28.1 19.4 17.0 a a 20.1 8.1 35.4 4.7 8.1 22.8 m 11.0 15.3 14.7 (0.6) (0.5) (0.6) (0.3) (0.7) (0.7) (0.5) (0.4) (0.6) (0.8) (0.6) (0.5) (0.7) a (0.5) (1.8) (0.5) (0.9) (0.7) (0.8) a a (0.8) (0.6) (0.9) (0.3) (0.4) (1.0) m (0.7) (0.3) (0.1) 16.4 a 8.0 a 51.4 12.8 a 41.6 22.7 80.9 49.1 51.5 64.6 73.5 78.2 a 33.1 76.6 60.4 29.3 2.9 a 55.9 33.8 81.0 64.6 37.8 (0.9) a (0.5) a (1.2) (0.9) a (0.9) (0.8) (1.0) (1.3) (1.9) (1.0) (0.9) (2.3) a (0.7) (0.8) (0.7) (1.4) (0.8) a (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (1.0) (1.1) 10.1 a 5.5 a 15.9 14.9 a 9.9 11.0 48.6 27.3 28.4 43.0 22.7 22.5 a 17.7 31.9 36.6 21.5 1.3 a 5.8 15.0 50.5 44.8 7.4 (0.8) a (0.4) a (1.1) (2.2) a (0.5) (0.7) (1.0) (1.1) (1.3) (1.2) (0.9) (2.1) a (0.6) (0.8) (0.7) (1.0) (0.3) a (0.4) (0.6) (1.0) (1.2) (0.5) 17.2 70.3 9.6 90.0 67.4 12.7 63.1 78.5 44.5 73.6 47.3 71.8 72.5 90.0 79.7 78.8 35.0 78.8 56.2 41.1 98.7 72.1 77.3 34.9 61.5 47.9 54.0 (1.1) (1.0) (0.7) (0.8) (1.4) (0.9) (1.4) (1.0) (1.0) (2.9) (1.5) (1.3) (0.9) (0.6) (2.2) (0.8) (0.5) (0.6) (0.7) (1.5) (0.3) (1.4) (0.3) (1.3) (1.4) (1.0) (1.1) 11.1 43.1 5.8 27.4 17.3 15.0 3.6 14.2 15.5 43.2 23.3 28.3 46.3 17.3 15.2 11.6 16.1 22.6 32.6 20.2 1.4 a 7.2 14.7 41.4 34.2 9.8 (0.9) (1.5) (0.4) (1.3) (0.8) (2.1) (0.4) (0.8) (0.8) (1.4) (0.8) (1.2) (1.1) (0.9) (1.8) (0.6) (0.6) (0.7) (0.6) (1.1) (0.4) a (0.4) (0.6) (1.0) (0.9) (0.7) 21.3 69.2 11.2 88.2 67.1 15.6 58.6 76.8 46.4 77.3 39.2 71.9 67.6 91.7 74.1 81.0 47.4 80.8 56.5 44.4 98.4 78.9 65.8 72.8 55.7 66.9 56.9 (1.1) (1.1) (0.7) (0.7) (1.4) (0.9) (2.6) (1.0) (0.9) (1.1) (1.5) (1.3) (1.1) (0.7) (2.2) (0.7) (0.8) (0.6) (0.7) (1.8) (0.4) (1.1) (0.4) (1.5) (1.2) (0.9) (1.0) 12.7 43.8 7.3 22.8 15.7 18.3 2.7 10.3 13.9 43.8 22.2 27.4 42.3 17.4 15.0 11.7 19.0 20.8 33.1 20.0 1.4 a 5.4 15.9 37.9 43.8 9.8 (0.9) (1.5) (0.4) (1.1) (0.7) (2.2) (0.3) (0.5) (0.7) (0.9) (0.9) (1.2) (1.1) (0.9) (1.9) (0.6) (0.7) (0.7) (0.7) (1.0) (0.4) a (0.4) (0.7) (1.0) (1.0) (0.7) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 189 5 I. Data / données [Part 2/2] Table 5.16 Percentage of students taking various science courses1 Tableau 5.16 Pourcentage d’élèves par matière scientifique Students taking various science courses Chemistry courses Compulsory Students taking any science courses that are Optional Compulsory Optional Compulsory or optional Partners OECD % Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. 28.2 38.8 47.9 26.8 76.3 89.3 73.3 92.9 78.7 81.4 77.9 63.5 a 47.3 66.3 a 64.9 51.0 44.8 31.6 a 100.0 45.8 78.0 61.8 58.8 52.3 49.4 m 27.3 50.1 59.8 (0.9) (2.0) (1.2) (0.6) (2.3) (0.7) (1.6) (0.4) (1.1) (0.8) (1.5) (0.7) a (1.4) (2.0) a (0.5) (1.0) (1.2) (1.1) a (0.0) (1.1) (1.8) (0.7) (1.1) (1.3) (1.8) m (1.5) (0.6) (0.3) 13.7 6.2 9.7 8.4 5.5 13.0 3.8 5.2 9.6 25.2 7.9 21.3 10.0 a 9.6 43.9 12.2 35.0 17.1 17.0 a a 18.1 7.2 34.3 5.0 7.6 20.7 m 12.7 16.4 14.6 (0.6) (0.5) (0.5) (0.4) (0.8) (0.6) (0.6) (0.4) (0.8) (0.8) (0.5) (0.6) (0.6) a (0.6) (1.8) (0.5) (1.0) (0.7) (0.8) a a (0.7) (0.6) (0.9) (0.4) (0.4) (0.8) m (0.7) (0.3) (0.1) 66.3 83.0 86.2 91.3 88.3 90.4 97.8 94.7 91.2 87.6 87.5 91.7 50.3 90.1 91.1 89.9 84.7 59.8 80.2 73.7 100.0 100.0 78.0 94.5 79.6 65.3 88.3 60.8 m 85.7 (1.0) (1.0) (0.7) (0.3) (1.8) (0.7) (0.4) (0.3) (0.5) (0.6) (1.1) (0.4) (2.1) (1.3) (1.1) (1.1) (0.4) (0.9) (0.9) (1.4) (0.0) (0.0) (1.0) (0.5) (0.8) (1.1) (0.7) (1.9) m (0.8) 33.3 15.9 23.5 24.9 18.0 20.6 11.9 8.4 26.8 36.3 14.2 35.6 46.3 a 19.8 64.5 21.7 45.6 38.8 43.3 a a 37.8 15.9 49.5 8.7 20.3 30.2 m 38.8 (1.1) (0.9) (0.8) (0.6) (1.2) (0.8) (0.9) (0.6) (1.2) (1.0) (0.7) (0.7) (1.4) a (1.1) (1.8) (0.5) (0.9) (1.1) (1.5) a a (1.0) (0.8) (1.0) (0.5) (0.7) (1.2) m (0.9) 81.3 84.3 87.7 94.2 89.4 91.1 97.9 95.0 93.9 90.2 88.4 95.1 84.9 90.1 92.0 91.9 87.7 69.8 86.9 90.4 100.0 100.0 82.2 95.3 91.6 66.2 89.7 64.8 m 91.7 (0.6) (1.0) (0.6) (0.3) (1.7) (0.6) (0.4) (0.3) (0.5) (0.5) (1.1) (0.3) (1.0) (1.3) (1.1) (1.0) (0.4) (0.9) (0.8) (0.7) (0.0) (0.0) (0.8) (0.5) (0.5) (1.1) (0.7) (1.9) m (0.6) 83.7 (0.2) 28.9 (0.2) 87.4 (0.2) 15.6 68.5 10.9 88.4 67.7 15.8 64.2 76.8 46.4 59.4 36.7 72.3 69.4 91.8 59.0 80.9 44.8 78.8 56.8 45.9 98.4 84.3 85.8 69.4 57.6 44.6 53.7 (1.0) (1.1) (0.7) (0.8) (1.3) (0.8) (1.6) (1.0) (0.9) (1.8) (1.5) (1.3) (1.1) (0.6) (2.6) (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (0.7) (2.0) (0.3) (0.8) (0.3) (1.4) (1.4) (1.1) (1.0) 10.4 41.9 6.5 24.2 16.4 19.2 3.3 11.6 14.1 37.0 20.1 29.2 44.3 16.5 15.0 12.0 18.2 21.0 33.1 21.0 0.9 a 7.7 14.9 39.5 31.8 9.6 (0.8) (1.6) (0.4) (1.3) (0.9) (2.9) (0.3) (0.6) (0.7) (1.2) (0.8) (1.4) (1.1) (0.8) (1.9) (0.6) (0.7) (0.6) (0.7) (1.0) (0.3) a (0.4) (0.6) (1.0) (1.0) (0.6) 30.5 78.3 16.6 93.4 75.1 24.8 76.8 83.8 55.7 88.9 68.6 82.8 85.9 97.4 92.1 84.0 56.6 93.8 74.8 59.6 99.1 88.0 96.5 84.9 88.0 79.9 63.3 (1.4) (0.9) (0.7) (0.5) (1.3) (1.2) (1.4) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) (1.2) (1.3) (0.7) (0.3) (1.5) (0.7) (0.7) (0.4) (0.6) (1.4) (0.2) (0.8) (0.2) (1.1) (0.9) (0.8) (1.0) 21.8 56.2 13.1 35.2 28.8 30.4 6.8 23.6 22.0 64.4 44.2 42.9 66.7 35.3 28.2 18.4 31.4 43.8 52.0 42.7 2.4 a 14.4 23.5 62.8 66.9 17.8 (1.2) (1.6) (0.6) (1.4) (1.1) (2.4) (0.4) (0.9) (0.9) (1.0) (1.1) (1.5) (1.1) (1.0) (2.0) (0.9) (0.7) (0.8) (0.6) (1.2) (0.7) a (0.5) (0.7) (1.0) (1.1) (0.9) 36.7 86.9 20.3 94.7 78.7 39.5 77.5 87.2 61.0 92.7 74.7 88.7 89.1 98.1 92.4 85.4 63.0 95.5 80.8 66.9 99.9 88.0 97.0 87.6 91.7 88.8 66.5 (1.4) (0.7) (0.8) (0.5) (1.1) (2.2) (1.4) (0.8) (0.9) (0.9) (1.1) (1.1) (0.6) (0.2) (1.5) (0.7) (0.7) (0.3) (0.5) (1.4) (0.1) (0.8) (0.2) (1.1) (0.8) (0.6) (1.0) Click Here To View The Agreement. 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 190 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 1/3] Table 5.17 Percentage of students, by time spent on learning1 Tableau 5.17 Pourcentage d’élèves par nombre hebdomadaire d’heures d’apprentissage Science Regular lessons in school2 Less than two hours a week Out-of-school lessons2 Four hours a week or more Less than two hours a week Self-study or homework2 Four hours a week or more Less than two hours a week Four hours a week or more Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 24.3 44.6 42.2 23.6 40.5 17.5 23.0 37.9 34.6 28.0 42.1 23.3 33.5 34.3 26.6 9.3 50.6 41.0 51.5 16.5 24.7 36.7 37.6 55.8 27.7 20.0 48.6 43.0 10.1 33.0 31.8 32.7 (0.7) (1.3) (1.0) (0.7) (1.5) (1.0) (0.8) (1.0) (1.1) (1.2) (1.2) (0.7) (1.1) (1.2) (1.5) (1.2) (0.6) (0.7) (1.0) (0.8) (1.1) (1.0) (1.1) (1.5) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (1.6) (0.6) (1.1) (0.4) (0.2) 37.1 20.4 23.8 56.8 27.9 27.3 27.1 25.8 32.3 33.5 18.4 21.5 15.7 24.9 12.2 35.7 17.8 36.7 16.4 64.8 6.9 20.8 35.4 24.6 26.9 10.7 18.7 31.0 61.9 49.1 35.8 28.7 (0.8) (1.3) (0.8) (1.0) (1.2) (1.0) (1.4) (1.1) (1.0) (1.1) (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (1.0) (1.2) (1.6) (0.6) (0.7) (0.6) (1.1) (0.5) (0.8) (0.9) (1.4) (0.9) (0.6) (0.8) (1.5) (1.0) (1.2) (0.4) (0.2) 94.7 96.3 95.0 91.3 91.5 90.1 96.0 92.3 91.4 55.8 81.7 95.5 95.5 89.5 96.2 77.9 91.6 81.4 91.8 94.0 m 91.0 88.4 90.3 86.1 93.6 93.9 73.4 93.5 86.9 87.9 89.2 (0.2) (0.3) (0.3) (0.3) (0.5) (0.6) (0.3) (0.5) (0.5) (1.1) (0.8) (0.4) (0.4) (0.3) (0.3) (0.9) (0.4) (0.7) (0.4) (0.4) m (0.5) (0.5) (0.6) (0.6) (0.3) (0.3) (1.2) (0.4) (0.5) (0.2) (0.1) 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.8 1.7 1.8 0.5 1.1 1.6 14.8 3.8 0.6 0.8 2.8 0.4 3.3 1.7 5.3 1.5 1.3 m 1.5 3.0 2.5 4.1 0.8 1.1 11.3 1.0 3.4 3.0 2.6 (0.1) (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.1) (0.2) (0.2) (0.7) (0.3) (0.1) (0.1) (0.2) (0.1) (0.5) (0.2) (0.4) (0.2) (0.2) m (0.2) (0.3) (0.2) (0.3) (0.2) (0.1) (0.8) (0.1) (0.3) (0.1) (0.1) 81.0 78.6 79.2 70.6 84.2 86.7 87.6 78.4 68.5 61.9 69.7 83.7 80.2 56.0 93.6 80.6 80.6 58.3 79.4 78.7 m 58.9 56.9 73.5 65.2 86.0 84.8 66.3 75.0 67.9 71.3 74.9 (0.6) (0.9) (0.7) (0.7) (0.8) (0.7) (0.7) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (0.6) (0.8) (1.0) (0.4) (1.2) (0.6) (0.7) (0.7) (0.7) m (0.8) (1.0) (1.1) (0.8) (0.7) (0.6) (1.1) (0.8) (0.8) (0.3) (0.2) 4.0 6.5 3.7 7.6 3.3 2.1 1.6 4.5 8.2 11.8 7.3 2.5 4.3 14.9 1.0 4.5 4.9 15.3 4.2 4.2 m 11.8 14.7 6.6 9.7 2.7 3.2 12.0 3.7 8.8 8.0 6.5 (0.2) (0.4) (0.3) (0.4) (0.3) (0.2) (0.2) (0.4) (0.4) (0.6) (0.4) (0.3) (0.3) (0.6) (0.1) (0.9) (0.3) (0.5) (0.4) (0.3) m (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (0.4) (0.3) (0.2) (0.8) (0.3) (0.4) (0.2) (0.1) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 51.3 38.5 49.9 46.5 52.8 23.9 49.9 28.2 42.8 26.7 48.5 36.4 61.4 35.8 39.2 41.1 26.0 43.3 47.3 54.4 29.3 38.0 42.9 35.0 6.7 45.4 49.6 (1.6) (1.3) (0.8) (1.8) (1.1) (1.7) (1.2) (0.9) (1.0) (1.6) (1.2) (1.1) (1.2) (1.2) (2.3) (1.1) (0.6) (0.9) (0.6) (2.2) (1.2) (1.3) (0.7) (1.3) (0.6) (1.1) (1.2) 16.4 24.0 11.3 24.2 19.8 42.3 10.3 31.6 40.2 28.9 23.3 38.3 18.0 24.3 15.5 22.9 45.6 28.0 27.1 17.8 45.1 25.5 27.3 27.0 32.0 21.5 20.1 (1.1) (1.2) (0.6) (1.4) (1.0) (2.7) (0.6) (0.9) (0.9) (1.7) (1.0) (1.4) (1.1) (1.4) (1.8) (0.7) (0.7) (0.7) (0.6) (1.0) (1.6) (1.0) (0.7) (0.9) (1.1) (0.8) (0.8) 91.5 73.5 86.6 81.4 86.5 83.4 92.5 87.1 82.2 81.5 81.9 68.0 74.7 89.6 91.1 91.4 82.9 80.4 70.2 82.1 80.2 86.0 89.0 82.7 81.2 60.2 89.5 (0.5) (0.9) (0.6) (0.7) (0.5) (0.9) (0.4) (0.6) (0.8) (1.1) (0.8) (0.9) (0.8) (0.5) (1.6) (0.4) (0.6) (0.6) (0.6) (0.6) (0.8) (0.6) (0.5) (0.6) (0.9) (0.8) (0.4) 1.8 8.0 2.5 4.4 2.6 4.9 1.5 2.3 5.4 4.2 5.0 9.7 7.0 2.0 1.5 1.7 6.3 5.8 8.2 4.5 5.3 3.0 1.9 3.3 5.2 13.0 2.6 (0.2) (0.4) (0.3) (0.3) (0.2) (0.5) (0.2) (0.3) (0.4) (0.3) (0.4) (0.5) (0.4) (0.2) (0.7) (0.2) (0.4) (0.4) (0.4) (0.4) (0.4) (0.3) (0.2) (0.3) (0.4) (0.6) (0.3) 70.9 47.3 68.3 59.4 72.0 65.4 69.4 70.9 71.4 67.3 72.7 44.9 59.3 64.4 85.4 67.9 75.5 57.2 56.4 70.1 40.0 65.3 71.9 77.6 66.1 46.0 77.5 (1.1) (1.0) (0.8) (1.4) (0.8) (1.1) (1.0) (0.8) (0.8) (1.0) (1.0) (0.9) (0.8) (1.0) (1.7) (0.9) (0.8) (0.8) (0.7) (1.2) (1.3) (1.0) (0.6) (0.7) (0.9) (0.9) (0.8) 8.2 24.4 8.5 15.4 6.7 12.1 7.9 7.1 10.3 8.9 7.8 23.8 18.8 9.0 3.9 8.1 7.2 17.4 12.9 10.4 27.5 11.1 6.2 4.8 8.6 23.3 5.4 (0.6) (1.0) (0.4) (0.9) (0.4) (0.7) (0.5) (0.4) (0.5) (0.5) (0.5) (0.8) (0.6) (0.5) (1.0) (0.5) (0.4) (0.6) (0.4) (0.7) (1.0) (0.6) (0.4) (0.3) (0.5) (0.8) (0.4) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 2. Percentages for the middle category can be obtained by subtracting the sum of the other two categories from 100%. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 191 5 I. Data / données [Part 2/3] Table 5.17 Percentage of students, by time spent on learning1 Tableau 5.17 Pourcentage d’élèves par nombre hebdomadaire d’heures d’apprentissage Reading Regular lessons in school2 Less than two hours a week Out-of-school lessons2 Four hours a week or more Less than two hours a week Self-study or homework2 Four hours a week or more Less than two hours a week Four hours a week or more Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 8.7 22.0 21.8 16.6 9.8 2.9 14.7 9.9 13.8 26.2 24.2 5.8 15.1 12.7 7.5 4.8 16.3 28.1 19.8 8.5 12.9 10.9 16.6 22.4 13.3 12.6 15.5 13.8 7.4 30.5 18.3 14.8 (0.3) (0.9) (0.7) (0.5) (0.5) (0.3) (0.9) (0.6) (0.7) (1.0) (0.9) (0.4) (0.7) (0.4) (0.7) (0.5) (0.5) (0.7) (0.7) (0.6) (0.7) (0.5) (0.8) (1.5) (0.6) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (0.4) (1.2) (0.3) (0.1) 53.2 16.0 46.0 65.3 43.2 85.5 20.4 58.6 43.3 28.3 31.1 67.4 36.5 67.1 43.1 67.8 40.4 48.7 15.9 72.1 38.6 75.5 26.0 27.7 41.5 16.6 43.9 53.6 47.4 50.8 50.5 45.7 (0.9) (1.0) (0.9) (0.9) (1.2) (0.7) (1.8) (0.9) (1.0) (0.8) (1.2) (0.7) (1.0) (0.7) (1.2) (1.3) (0.8) (0.7) (0.8) (0.9) (1.3) (0.7) (0.8) (1.4) (0.9) (0.9) (1.0) (1.5) (1.4) (1.2) (0.4) (0.2) 88.0 96.0 92.2 84.4 90.4 63.4 95.3 87.1 88.7 64.8 74.8 92.9 88.7 84.1 93.2 66.6 90.0 78.6 90.2 88.7 m 90.0 90.9 85.8 88.7 89.9 92.3 62.3 90.3 78.6 82.5 85.1 (0.4) (0.4) (0.3) (0.4) (0.4) (0.8) (0.3) (0.5) (0.6) (0.8) (0.7) (0.5) (0.6) (0.4) (0.4) (1.2) (0.4) (0.8) (0.5) (0.5) m (0.6) (0.5) (0.7) (0.5) (0.5) (0.4) (1.1) (0.5) (0.7) (0.2) (0.1) 3.2 1.2 2.0 5.4 1.6 9.8 0.8 2.2 3.2 10.4 7.0 1.9 4.0 6.1 1.3 6.9 3.1 6.1 1.7 3.3 m 2.6 1.8 2.8 3.6 2.7 2.1 13.6 2.2 6.1 4.9 4.1 (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.3) (0.2) (0.5) (0.1) (0.2) (0.3) (0.6) (0.4) (0.2) (0.3) (0.3) (0.2) (0.4) (0.2) (0.4) (0.2) (0.4) m (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.3) (0.2) (0.9) (0.2) (0.4) (0.1) (0.1) 67.9 74.1 79.0 67.0 83.6 52.9 87.0 72.5 62.7 60.2 63.6 72.3 67.2 36.3 87.3 75.7 78.4 61.0 80.6 71.7 m 53.5 66.7 64.6 62.0 82.5 78.9 56.0 71.3 63.3 66.2 69.0 (0.6) (1.0) (0.6) (0.7) (0.7) (0.9) (0.7) (0.7) (0.9) (0.8) (1.0) (0.6) (0.9) (0.8) (0.8) (0.7) (0.6) (0.9) (0.7) (0.8) m (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (0.8) (0.7) (0.5) (1.2) (0.9) (1.0) (0.3) (0.2) 8.1 7.7 3.6 10.8 3.1 11.5 2.1 5.4 10.1 12.7 9.5 5.3 9.5 27.8 2.3 6.0 5.5 13.5 3.1 6.9 m 14.9 8.6 8.3 10.4 4.0 3.6 16.0 5.4 11.5 10.2 8.5 (0.3) (0.5) (0.2) (0.5) (0.3) (0.5) (0.2) (0.4) (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (0.3) (0.5) (0.8) (0.3) (0.4) (0.3) (0.6) (0.3) (0.4) m (0.5) (0.4) (0.5) (0.5) (0.4) (0.2) (0.8) (0.3) (0.5) (0.2) (0.1) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 44.9 24.2 32.1 32.5 31.9 14.6 14.6 16.5 7.9 18.4 33.7 33.4 44.1 12.6 16.6 22.1 6.9 37.8 41.8 23.6 56.9 20.4 26.0 13.5 13.4 33.9 32.8 (1.4) (0.9) (1.1) (1.3) (1.1) (1.0) (0.6) (0.9) (0.5) (1.4) (0.9) (1.0) (1.2) (0.8) (1.7) (0.8) (0.4) (0.8) (0.6) (1.5) (1.4) (1.0) (0.7) (0.7) (0.6) (1.1) (1.0) 15.0 44.8 31.4 23.7 42.8 54.8 30.8 37.9 78.2 39.4 33.0 45.3 27.4 42.8 47.5 47.2 79.8 30.3 29.8 34.7 9.1 26.6 38.2 61.2 16.9 39.5 20.8 (1.1) (1.2) (0.8) (0.9) (1.2) (1.9) (1.1) (1.1) (0.9) (1.4) (1.0) (1.1) (1.1) (1.0) (2.4) (1.0) (0.6) (0.8) (0.6) (1.4) (0.5) (0.9) (0.7) (1.2) (0.8) (1.1) (0.9) 92.6 64.0 77.5 78.9 81.9 77.9 92.5 84.1 86.2 77.2 73.2 62.1 67.4 85.0 95.6 89.7 81.8 86.3 68.1 69.2 88.6 82.6 87.7 85.9 89.9 64.5 88.9 (0.6) (1.1) (0.7) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) (0.5) (0.7) (0.7) (1.1) (0.9) (1.0) (0.8) (0.9) (1.1) (0.5) (0.7) (0.5) (0.7) (1.0) (0.6) (0.6) (0.5) (0.5) (0.6) (1.1) (0.6) 1.5 15.8 5.9 6.5 4.6 5.9 1.4 3.4 4.1 5.1 8.8 13.5 11.6 3.3 0.6 2.6 7.6 4.6 10.8 8.7 2.3 4.8 2.0 3.2 2.3 12.5 2.8 (0.2) (0.7) (0.4) (0.5) (0.3) (0.4) (0.2) (0.3) (0.4) (0.4) (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (0.3) (0.4) (0.2) (0.5) (0.3) (0.4) (0.5) (0.3) (0.3) (0.2) (0.2) (0.3) (0.6) (0.3) 71.8 39.4 68.2 58.4 72.9 65.3 69.5 69.5 69.4 68.5 68.4 46.7 54.8 58.5 85.6 64.2 75.1 62.7 59.5 56.1 74.7 67.3 74.8 64.7 70.3 58.2 78.0 (1.1) (1.0) (0.7) (1.3) (0.9) (1.0) (1.0) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (1.0) (0.8) (1.1) (1.8) (0.8) (0.8) (0.8) (0.6) (1.0) (1.1) (0.9) (0.7) (0.9) (0.9) (1.1) (0.7) 7.7 32.5 9.7 15.1 7.8 11.3 7.1 7.1 8.4 8.2 11.6 22.9 21.3 10.1 3.0 9.8 7.4 14.0 14.7 15.4 6.1 9.8 5.3 8.0 7.7 15.0 5.1 (0.7) (1.0) (0.5) (0.8) (0.5) (0.7) (0.4) (0.3) (0.6) (0.5) (0.6) (0.8) (0.7) (0.5) (1.0) (0.5) (0.4) (0.5) (0.5) (0.7) (0.5) (0.5) (0.3) (0.4) (0.5) (0.7) (0.3) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 2. Percentages for the middle category can be obtained by subtracting the sum of the other two categories from 100%. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 192 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 3/3] Table 5.17 Percentage of students, by time spent on learning1 Tableau 5.17 Pourcentage d’élèves par nombre hebdomadaire d’heures d’apprentissage Mathematics Regular lessons in school2 Less than two hours a week Out-of-school lessons2 Four hours a week or more Less than two hours a week Self-study or homework2 Four hours a week or more Less than two hours a week Four hours a week or more Partners OECD % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 8.8 17.9 22.1 15.2 10.0 4.0 10.7 10.9 11.1 18.6 22.1 4.8 13.5 17.3 8.3 4.5 13.5 26.0 23.6 8.8 12.9 13.1 19.6 20.6 12.9 11.6 13.6 19.7 7.7 27.4 17.7 14.4 (0.3) (1.0) (0.7) (0.5) (0.7) (0.3) (0.6) (0.6) (0.8) (0.9) (0.8) (0.3) (0.7) (0.6) (1.0) (0.5) (0.5) (0.7) (1.1) (0.5) (0.6) (0.6) (1.0) (1.3) (0.5) (0.6) (0.7) (1.2) (0.4) (1.0) (0.3) (0.1) 54.4 27.2 48.9 66.9 54.0 66.2 31.3 51.7 49.4 37.0 33.4 73.7 39.7 48.9 56.3 74.2 52.3 54.3 19.8 71.8 30.8 69.3 44.1 33.9 31.8 15.2 50.3 54.8 42.4 53.0 52.2 47.9 (1.0) (1.3) (1.0) (0.9) (1.6) (1.2) (1.6) (1.0) (1.0) (1.3) (1.4) (0.7) (0.9) (1.0) (1.9) (1.1) (0.8) (0.7) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (0.9) (1.1) (1.7) (1.0) (0.8) (1.0) (1.4) (1.3) (1.3) (0.4) (0.2) 86.4 91.1 90.6 82.7 87.3 72.3 95.3 83.7 84.6 49.7 76.2 87.1 87.5 82.7 86.7 48.5 84.8 77.6 89.4 88.4 m 89.6 86.0 86.4 79.1 91.5 88.4 56.0 90.4 78.2 79.5 82.0 (0.5) (0.5) (0.3) (0.5) (0.6) (0.8) (0.4) (0.5) (0.7) (1.2) (0.8) (0.6) (0.6) (0.5) (0.8) (0.9) (0.6) (0.7) (0.6) (0.5) m (0.5) (0.6) (0.6) (0.5) (0.4) (0.5) (1.1) (0.4) (0.7) (0.2) (0.1) 3.2 2.5 2.3 4.7 2.9 5.0 0.9 2.6 4.1 19.4 6.1 2.7 2.9 4.5 2.8 19.9 3.7 7.4 2.0 3.1 m 2.6 2.8 2.8 6.2 1.6 2.6 18.8 1.8 6.3 6.1 5.1 (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.2) (0.4) (0.2) (0.3) (0.3) (1.0) (0.4) (0.2) (0.3) (0.2) (0.3) (0.8) (0.3) (0.5) (0.2) (0.3) m (0.2) (0.3) (0.3) (0.4) (0.2) (0.2) (0.8) (0.2) (0.4) (0.1) (0.1) 64.9 56.4 63.6 60.2 79.8 65.2 84.2 66.0 51.1 58.4 64.3 67.0 65.6 46.5 73.6 53.7 68.0 56.2 73.5 71.3 m 57.5 59.9 66.3 59.5 84.9 68.4 51.8 74.9 58.5 60.8 64.5 (0.7) (1.0) (0.9) (0.7) (0.8) (0.8) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (0.7) (0.9) (0.9) (1.4) (1.2) (0.7) (0.8) (1.1) (0.8) m (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (0.9) (0.6) (0.7) (1.1) (0.7) (0.8) (0.3) (0.2) 9.1 13.6 8.2 13.0 5.3 5.9 1.8 7.4 14.4 14.1 9.6 7.6 8.7 19.2 7.6 18.8 7.9 16.5 4.5 6.8 m 13.4 11.8 8.0 11.5 3.2 5.8 19.3 4.0 13.9 12.5 10.0 (0.4) (0.6) (0.4) (0.5) (0.4) (0.4) (0.2) (0.5) (0.7) (0.6) (0.6) (0.4) (0.5) (0.7) (0.8) (1.1) (0.3) (0.7) (0.4) (0.5) m (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (0.6) (0.3) (0.3) (0.8) (0.3) (0.5) (0.2) (0.1) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 34.7 26.9 30.0 33.5 32.0 13.8 21.5 13.4 7.7 14.4 16.7 33.4 44.2 8.1 14.2 23.1 6.8 35.4 38.2 32.0 19.0 19.9 22.1 17.3 5.4 29.3 23.7 (1.4) (1.0) (0.9) (1.4) (1.1) (1.0) (0.9) (0.8) (0.5) (1.2) (0.7) (1.1) (1.0) (0.6) (1.7) (1.0) (0.4) (0.8) (0.7) (1.3) (1.3) (0.9) (0.6) (0.8) (0.3) (1.0) (0.7) 30.2 47.9 32.5 26.3 44.2 61.1 24.2 64.8 78.3 52.0 58.6 43.3 32.1 66.2 54.9 42.3 82.4 32.1 35.3 28.4 42.9 30.4 36.4 59.2 35.8 44.4 35.0 (1.4) (1.2) (0.8) (1.5) (1.3) (1.7) (1.1) (1.1) (1.0) (1.7) (1.0) (1.1) (1.0) (1.1) (2.4) (1.0) (0.6) (0.8) (0.6) (2.1) (1.4) (1.1) (0.7) (1.3) (1.2) (0.9) (1.0) 86.3 66.4 76.9 78.3 82.6 76.2 85.4 82.3 72.5 73.7 54.7 60.8 71.2 77.4 90.8 89.3 78.5 82.8 61.6 70.3 81.8 82.5 81.5 62.2 81.1 49.7 84.5 (0.8) (1.1) (0.7) (0.8) (0.7) (0.8) (0.6) (0.8) (0.9) (1.3) (1.1) (0.9) (0.8) (1.1) (1.5) (0.5) (0.7) (0.6) (0.6) (0.9) (0.8) (0.6) (0.5) (1.0) (0.8) (0.9) (0.7) 4.1 14.9 6.2 6.4 4.2 7.0 3.3 4.5 8.7 6.7 17.8 14.1 10.7 4.8 1.5 2.4 9.0 6.1 13.9 9.4 3.9 5.4 4.5 8.7 4.4 22.3 4.2 (0.4) (0.9) (0.4) (0.6) (0.3) (0.5) (0.3) (0.4) (0.5) (0.5) (0.7) (0.6) (0.6) (0.4) (0.7) (0.2) (0.5) (0.4) (0.5) (0.7) (0.4) (0.4) (0.3) (0.4) (0.4) (0.6) (0.4) 66.3 43.5 66.6 58.9 70.8 62.9 63.2 60.2 54.4 61.5 51.9 45.1 58.6 47.8 74.8 65.2 59.3 62.9 53.8 58.7 54.4 63.9 61.9 61.0 66.3 49.1 73.4 (1.2) (1.3) (0.8) (1.5) (1.0) (0.9) (0.8) (0.9) (1.0) (0.8) (1.3) (0.9) (0.8) (1.1) (2.4) (0.7) (0.8) (0.8) (0.7) (1.0) (1.2) (0.8) (0.7) (1.0) (0.9) (0.9) (0.9) 11.3 31.0 10.5 16.4 7.3 12.9 9.9 12.5 16.8 10.9 20.4 25.0 20.3 18.3 3.6 9.4 15.0 14.7 17.5 17.2 15.1 10.8 10.9 10.9 8.8 24.1 7.7 (0.7) (1.2) (0.5) (1.0) (0.4) (0.7) (0.5) (0.6) (0.7) (0.6) (0.9) (0.8) (0.7) (0.8) (0.9) (0.4) (0.5) (0.6) (0.5) (0.9) (0.7) (0.5) (0.4) (0.4) (0.4) (0.7) (0.5) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on students’ self-reports. 2. Percentages for the middle category can be obtained by subtracting the sum of the other two categories from 100%. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données  © OECD/OCDE 2007 193 5 I. Data / données [Part 1/2 ] Table 5.18 Index of school activities to promote the learning of science and student performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 5.18 Indice d’activités scolaires visant à promouvoir l’apprentissage des sciences et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Index of school activities to promote the learning of science All students Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Top quarter Partners OECD Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Mean index S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 0.41 -0.38 -0.23 0.42 0.45 -0.83 -0.60 w -0.11 -0.42 0.62 -0.71 0.12 0.01 -1.16 0.54 0.15 -0.02 -0.51 0.51 -0.49 0.58 0.66 0.70 0.19 -0.49 -0.25 -0.16 0.42 0.47 0.10 0.00 (0.04) (0.07) (0.05) (0.04) (0.06) (0.07) (0.06) w (0.05) (0.06) (0.06) (0.00) (0.08) (0.04) (0.07) (0.07) (0.00) (0.04) (0.08) (0.06) (0.05) (0.04) (0.06) (0.05) (0.06) (0.07) (0.04) (0.08) (0.06) (0.08) (0.03) (0.01) -0.29 -1.48 -1.31 -0.77 -0.75 -1.61 -1.36 w -1.25 -1.34 -0.36 c -1.12 -1.03 -2.27 -0.59 -1.12 -1.28 -1.54 -0.56 -1.34 -0.07 -0.28 -0.39 -0.83 -1.75 -1.19 -1.60 -0.80 -0.83 -1.32 -1.04 (0.03) (0.07) (0.06) (0.04) (0.08) (0.08) (0.08) w (0.06) (0.08) (0.07) c (0.08) (0.04) (0.00) (0.08) (0.01) (0.05) (0.09) (0.09) (0.07) (0.05) (0.08) (0.08) (0.05) (0.10) (0.03) (0.09) (0.07) (0.10) (0.03) (0.01) 0.21 -0.84 -0.37 0.06 0.13 -1.07 -0.85 w -0.51 -0.60 0.39 c -0.12 -0.25 -1.76 0.26 -0.19 -0.28 -0.92 0.34 -0.71 0.26 0.45 0.45 -0.15 -0.63 -0.49 -0.57 0.13 0.25 -0.14 -0.26 (0.00) (0.03) (0.01) (0.02) (0.03) (0.00) (0.03) w (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) c (0.03) (0.01) (0.06) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.02) (0.05) (0.02) (0.02) (0.01) (0.01) 0.53 -0.06 0.14 0.76 0.80 -0.68 -0.33 w 0.17 -0.33 0.80 c 0.48 0.26 -0.81 0.87 0.53 0.32 -0.20 0.76 -0.28 0.76 0.83 1.08 0.48 -0.11 0.03 0.35 0.77 0.83 0.50 0.31 (0.02) (0.04) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.04) (0.00) w (0.01) (0.00) (0.01) c (0.03) (0.02) (0.04) (0.03) (0.00) (0.02) (0.02) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.03) (0.02) (0.03) (0.01) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) 1.16 0.85 0.65 1.64 1.64 0.05 0.14 w 1.15 0.59 1.64 c 1.25 1.06 0.20 1.64 1.38 1.14 0.63 1.49 0.36 1.36 1.64 1.64 1.28 0.54 0.65 1.20 1.58 1.64 1.37 1.08 (0.04) (0.08) (0.06) (0.00) (0.00) (0.07) (0.04) w (0.06) (0.09) (0.00) c (0.05) (0.05) (0.08) (0.00) (0.01) (0.03) (0.06) (0.02) (0.04) (0.04) (0.00) (0.00) (0.05) (0.06) (0.03) (0.06) (0.02) (0.00) (0.02) (0.01) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 0.11 0.27 0.24 0.03 -0.26 0.82 0.15 0.90 0.92 -0.04 0.21 0.87 0.76 0.19 c 1.19 0.45 0.34 0.59 0.77 1.19 0.31 1.15 0.76 1.34 0.36 -0.01 (0.07) (0.07) (0.04) (0.07) (0.12) (0.08) (0.08) (0.04) (0.06) (0.09) (0.09) (0.07) (0.05) (0.03) c (0.04) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.08) (0.05) (0.07) (0.00) (0.06) (0.06) (0.08) (0.05) -1.10 -0.81 -0.66 -1.06 -2.02 -0.15 -1.23 0.14 0.06 -1.63 -1.25 -0.33 -0.14 c c c -0.35 -1.06 -0.61 -0.33 c -1.10 c c c -0.94 -1.37 (0.10) (0.08) (0.06) (0.10) (0.07) (0.07) (0.09) (0.03) (0.06) (0.07) (0.08) (0.11) (0.06) c c c (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.05) c (0.11) c c c (0.10) (0.06) -0.16 -0.07 0.16 -0.19 -0.55 0.62 -0.06 0.76 0.76 -0.33 -0.10 0.61 0.57 c c c 0.21 0.19 0.40 0.52 c 0.14 c c c 0.06 -0.34 (0.03) (0.03) (0.01) (0.00) (0.05) (0.03) (0.04) (0.00) (0.00) (0.04) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) c c c (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.03) c (0.01) c c c (0.04) (0.02) 0.48 0.63 0.44 0.38 0.33 1.19 0.58 1.05 1.22 0.46 0.68 1.57 0.96 c c c 0.69 0.73 0.94 1.27 c 0.65 c c c 0.82 0.41 (0.03) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) (0.03) (0.05) (0.03) (0.03) (0.04) (0.03) (0.02) (0.01) (0.04) c c c (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.05) c (0.02) c c c (0.02) (0.03) 1.21 1.33 1.03 0.98 1.20 1.64 1.32 1.64 1.64 1.33 1.50 1.64 1.64 c c c 1.24 1.50 1.63 1.64 c 1.56 c c c 1.51 1.24 (0.06) (0.04) (0.03) (0.06) (0.06) (0.00) (0.05) (0.00) (0.00) (0.06) (0.03) (0.00) (0.00) c c c (0.01) (0.01) (0.00) (0.00) c (0.02) c c c (0.03) (0.03) Click Here To View The Agreement. Note: Values that are statistically significant are indicated in bold (see Annex A3). 1. Results based on reports from school principals and reported proportionate to the number of 15-year-olds enrolled in the school. 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/142127877152 194 Pour consulter la version française intégrale de ce tableau, suivre ce lien : 12 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/152751048643 © OECD/OCDE 2007  PISA 2006: Vol. 2 Data  / Données I. Data / données 5 [Part 2/2 ] Table 5.18 Index of school activities to promote the learning of science and student performance on the science scale, by quarters of the index1 Tableau 5.18 Indice d’activités scolaires visant à promouvoir l’apprentissage des sciences et performance des élèves sur l’échelle de culture scientifique, par quartile de l’indice Performance on the science scale by quarters of this index Bottom quarter Second quarter Third quarter Increased likelihood of Change in the students in the bottom quarter science score of this index scoring in the per unit of bottom quarter of the science this index performance distribution Top quarter Explained variance in student performance (r-squared x 100) Partners OECD Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Mean score S.E. Effect S.E. Ratio S.E. % S.E. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD total OECD average 516 472 481 530 489 491 563 w 465 441 482 c 503 457 509 504 458 383 492 524 489 485 459 469 479 497 488 395 511 504 480 484 (3.8) (7.9) (9.8) (3.8) (10.1) (6.0) (3.6) w (8.4) (9.0) (7.7) c (7.2) (4.4) (7.9) (8.3) (3.2) (5.4) (9.2) (6.5) (4.9) (4.7) (8.5) (5.7) (4.3) (4.2) (5.7) (5.7) (5.9) (7.7) (2.7) (1.3) 517 488 516 532 508 490 566 w 499 472 499 c 497 480 521 521 479 394 493 534 485 492 478 481 487 506 498 414 516 485 489 495 (4.2) (6.5) (7.3) (4.0) (8.1) (5.4) (4.4) w (7.1) (4.8) (6.1) c (4.7) (4.4) (6.3) (8.4) (4.3) (6.0) (7.8) (5.3) (4.6) (3.6) (5.2) (6.3) (3.8) (3.9) (5.6) (6.6) (5.9) (5.5) (2.0) (1.1) 535 530 530 535 526 495 566 w 534 486 495 c 509 478 530 517 502 425 546 525 484 504 483 496 496 506 513 429 512 487 495 506 (4.4) (6.5) (5.8) (3.7) (6.3) (4.6) (4.8) w (8.8) (4.9) (8.0) c (5.6) (7.1) (7.9) (8.3) (2.7) (4.6) (8.7) (5.7) (7.0) (5.0) (6.3) (6.0) (4.5) (4.1) (5.4) (9.1) (6.3) (7.8) (2.4) (1.2) 539 559 518 544 528 508 557 w 568 493 541 c 523 490 565 546 505 443 569 543 485 511 477 504 492 504 546 458 527 493 503 519 (4.7) (7.9) (6.6) (4.0) (8.2) (5.1) (4.4) w (6.5) (6.5) (7.0) c (4.9) (6.3) (6.9) (7.0) (2.6) (5.8) (7.4) (5.0) (6.1) (5.9) (6.9) (6.1) (6.3) (5.1) (6.9) (10.9) (6.6) (9.1) (3.0) (1.2) 15.6 35.6 19.3 5.4 18.5 10.7 -2.5 w 40.5 27.6 27.6 c 7.6 14.7 21.7 19.3 19.4 24.2 32.8 6.8 0.1 18.1 10.5 16.9 5.9 3.6 32.2 22.1 4.0 -4.6 8.0 16.2 (4.68) (4.23) (5.87) (2.13) (5.42) (3.89) (3.23) w (3.85) (5.02) (5.58) c (3.63) (3.71) (4.45) (4.57) (0.99) (2.78) (6.46) (4.06) (4.67) (4.98) (5.23) (4.36) (3.80) (2.11) (4.54) (4.22) (3.33) (4.78) (1.57) (0.82) 1.2 2.0 1.7 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.0 w 2.2 2.0 1.5 c 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.2 0.9 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.1 0.8 1.2 1.4 (0.08) (0.20) (0.24) (0.08) (0.22) (0.13) (0.08) w (0.25) (0.26) (0.24) c (0.14) (0.12) (0.19) (0.22) (0.15) (0.20) (0.24) (0.12) (0.10) (0.10) (0.21) (0.15) (0.11) (0.08) (0.12) (0.18) (0.11) (0.10) (0.05) (0.03) 0.9 12.7 2.5 0.3 3.0 0.7 0.0 w 14.7 5.7 5.9 c 0.6 1.7 5.1 3.5 4.3 8.3 9.7 0.3 0.0 1.5 0.8 2.3 0.3 0.1 6.0 8.9 0.1 0.2 0.7 3.6 (0.53) (2.99) (1.40) (0.25) (1.63) (0.51) (0.10) w (2.63) (1.99) (2.29) c (0.58) (0.82) (2.12) (1.62) (0.42) (1.76) (3.34) (0.36) (0.09) (0.82) (0.84) (1.18) (0.42) (0.15) (1.58) (3.14) (0.20) (0.32) (0.27) (0.30) Argentina Azerbaijan Brazil Bulgaria Chile Colombia Croatia Estonia Hong Kong-China Indonesia Israel Jordan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macao-China Montenegro Qatar Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovenia Chinese Taipei Thailand Tunisia Uruguay 388 368 370 402 418 372 461 521 532 364 442 406 314 c c c 506 431 347 386 c 419 c c c 366 417 (14.2) (4.2) (6.7) (11.1) (8.7) (6.7) (6.3) (7.0) (8.7) (5.0) (8.6) (5.3) (6.1) c c c (2.3) (2.6) (2.5) (8.9) c (7.0) c c c (7.2) (6.2) 380 381 396 414 429 387 494 538 545 381 454 412 313 c c c 520 396 354 418 c 419 c c c 384 427 (14.8) (5.3) (4.6) (10.9) (7.1) (6.6) (6.2) (4.1) (8.1) (6.9) (10.3) (6.0) (4.6) c c c (2.1) (2.4) (2.9) (8.3) c (6.7) c c c (6.7) (10.3) 403 387 399 459 458 391 509 535 545 401 468 436 317 c c c 501 412 362 432 c 429 c c c 391 429 (8.5) (4.6) (4.4) (8.8) (7.7) (6.8) (6.7) (4.1) (5.4) (7.9) (8.3) (5.6) (5.3) c c c (3.1) (2.5) (2.7) (7.0) c (6.2) c c c (8.0) (7.3) 398 394 397 483 466 404 509 531 547 429 453 435 344 c c c 516 408 351 438 c 478 c c c 402 440 (8.6) (5.8) (6.0) (10.6) (9.9) (6.6) (5.5) (5.6) (7.3) (11.9) (10.0) (5.9) (6.8) c c c (3.4) (2.5) (1.8) (9.6) c (4.8) c c c (10.4) (6.2) 7.4 12.0 18.1 38.9 15.4 14.3 17.1 5.6 7.0 19.9 5.6 12.6 15.8 c c c 7.0 -7.0 4.8 25.4 c 18.8 c c c 14.8 7.2 (5.78) (3.04) (4.99) (6.92) (3.49) (4.55) (3.52) (5.97) (7.42) (4.84) (4.64) (3.99) (4.74) c c c (1.52) (1.15) (1.00) (6.97) c (4.06) c c c (4.11) (3.16) 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.2 1.2 1.8 1.1 1.3 1.2 c c c 1.2 0.7 1.1 2.1 c 1.3