Chapter 014 - Roadmap to Understanding Understanding Me...

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Chapter 14 Copyright 2009, Vandeveer,  Menefee 1 Roadmap to Understanding Putting It All Together Understanding Me Understandin g Others Understanding Organizations
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Chapter 14 Copyright 2009, Vandeveer,  Menefee 2 Typical Structures This chapter will discuss: Describe the six elements of organizational  structure. Discuss span of control. Contrast centralized and decentralized  decision making. Discuss the need for structure differences.
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Why do Structures Differ? Strategy Innovation, cost minimization, and imitation Organization Size An organization’s size significantly affects  its structure The relationship isn’t linear, rather size  affects structure at a decreasing rate. Chapter 14 Copyright 2009, Vandeveer,  Menefee 3
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Why do Structures Differ? Technology Every organization has at least one technology for  converting financial, human, and physical  resources into products or services The common theme that differentiates  technologies is their degree of routineness. Environment Composed of forces outside the organization and  the uncertainty associated with them. Chapter 14 Copyright 2009, Vandeveer,  Menefee 4
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Chapter 14 Copyright 2009, Vandeveer,  Menefee 5 Elements of Organizational  Structure Division of labor Characterization of jobs Authority Spans of Control Decision making Creativity
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Chapter 14 Copyright 2009, Vandeveer,  Menefee 6 Division of Labor What do members do? What are their functions? How are functions grouped? What is the most value-added division  of labor?
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Chapter 14 Copyright 2009, Vandeveer,  Menefee 7 Characterization of Jobs Function Product Geography Type of Customer Process
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Chapter 14 Copyright 2009, Vandeveer,  Menefee 8
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