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02Found06x - Foundatio ns a tu rin g th e Fe ocal vivacity...

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Foundations Featuring the vocal vivacity of the vibrant Dave Shutler
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Natural beginnings - avoid predators, find prey, avoid biting insects, … - domestication …, optimal treatment & productivity (Weary) - still much to learn from non- academics who spend time outdoors, altho’ mostly natural history e.g., fishermen, Mike James & leatherbacks
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Modern framework, ethology 1. Scientific method / experiment - Aristotle, Pliny / Pasteur, 2. Darwin - NOT evolution, natural selection (1859) - framework for asking ultimate questions
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3. 1973 Nobel laureates (in medicine & psychology!!) : Konrad Lorenz (geese) Niko Tinbergen (fish and birds) Karl von Frisch (honeybee dance)
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Pavlov (Nobel Laureate 1904) - classical conditioning (learning without reward, vs. operant ) - unconditioned response (=unlearned; [salivation]) elicited by unconditioned stimulus (food) - conditioned (=neutral) stimulus (bell) presented before unconditioned - eventually, conditioned stimulus sufficient to elicit conditioned (=reflex) response - eventually, psychologists brains explode from terminological overload
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Comparative psychology - incl. operant conditioning - B. F. Skinner: box with food reward for lever-pressing (circuses) - controlled lab experiments, mostly on rats; easily quantified data
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