LitRev PZ based HLTH MON

LitRev PZ based HLTH MON - Articles Overview of...

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Articles Overview of Piezoelectric Impedance-Based Health Monitoring and Path Forward Gyuhae Park, Hoon Sohn, Charles R. Farrar and Daniel J. Inman ABSTRACT—In this paper we summarize the hardware and software issues of impedance-based structural health moni- toring based on piezoelectric materials. The basic concept of the method is to use high-frequency structural excitations to monitor the local area of a structure for changes in structural impedance that would indicate imminent damage. A brief overview of research work on experimental and theoretical stud- ies on various structures is considered and several research papers on these topics are cited. This paper concludes with a discussion of future research areas and path forward. KEYWORDS: structural health monitoring, diagnostics, pie- zoelectric materials, damage prognosis 1. Introduction Piezoelectric materials acting in the “direct” manner pro- duce an electrical charge when stressed mechanically. Con- versely, a mechanical strain is produced when an electrical field is applied. The direct piezoelectric effect has often been used in sensors such as piezoelectric accelerometers. With the converse effect, piezoelectric materials apply local- ized strains and directly influence the dynamic response of the structural elements when either embedded or surface bonded into a structure. Piezoelectric materials have been widely used in structural dynamics applications because they are lightweight, robust, inexpensive, and come in a variety of forms ranging from thin rectangular patches to complex shapes being used in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) fabrications. The applications of piezoelectric mate- rials in structural dynamics are too numerous to mention and are detailed in the literature (Niezrecki et al., 2001; Chopra, 2002). The purpose of this paper is to explore the importance and effectiveness of impedance-based structural health mon- itoring from both hardware and software standpoints. Imped- ance-based structural health monitoring techniques have been developed as a promising tool for real-time structural dam- age assessment, and are considered as a new non-destructive evaluation (NDE) method. A key aspect of impedance-based structural health monitoring is the use of piezoceramic (PZT) materials as collocated sensors and actuators. The basis of this active sensing technology is the energy transfer between the actuator and its host mechanical system. It has been shown that the electrical impedance of the PZT material can be directly related to the mechanical impedance of a host structural component where the PZT patch is attached. Uti- lizing the same material for both actuation and sensing not only reduces the number of sensors and actuators, but also reduces the electrical wiring and associated hardware. Fur- thermore, the size and weight of the PZT patch are negligible compared to those of the host structures so that its attach- ment to the structure introduces no impact on dynamic char- acteristics of the structure. A typical deployment of a PZT
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LitRev PZ based HLTH MON - Articles Overview of...

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