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Lecture%202 - Cultured Kongzi and Laozi Li in Kongzi’s...

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Lecture 2 “Kongzi (Confucius): The Secular as Sacred”
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Kongzi
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Kongzi
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Statue of Confucius, Chinatown in NYC
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Relating Kongzi to What We Talked about Last Time: Ivanhoe, p. 5, Sect. 2.4: The Master said, “At age fifteen. . . .” Ivanhoe, p. 29, Sect. 11.12: Zilu asked about serving the ghosts and spirits. . .
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“Cultivating the Way” by the comics artist Tsai Chih Chung
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Kongzi Was a Very Contented and Happy Man: Ivanhoe, p. 21, Sect. 7.16: The Master said, “Eating plain rice . . .” (We will discuss Kongzi, the happy sage next time.)
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Broader Implications of Kongzi’s Thought and Career: Creation of the role of the private teacher Creation and establishment of the content of education (that resembles modern liberal arts education: li, yue, she, yu, shu, shu ) Acceptance of students of all social backgrounds Transmission of ancient learning and cultural values in terms of his own rationalism and practical reason-- e.g., Zaiwo’s question about ancient mourning ritual (Ivanhoe, p. 45, Sect. 17.21 )
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The Meaning of
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Unformatted text preview: Cultured Kongzi and Laozi Li in Kongzi’s Philosophy: The meanings of li : holy ritual, sacred ceremony, propriety versus law: Ivanhoe, p. 5, Sect. 2.3 Herbert Fingarette, Confucius: The Secular as Sacred Li (Ritual) and Ren (Humaneness, Benevolence, Humanity) Ivanhoe, p. 32, Sect. 12.1, Yan Hui asked about ren. Ivanhoe, p. 2, “. . . designates for Kongzi the quality of the perfectly realized person . . . Wuwei (effortless action, nonaction): a state of spontaneous harmony between individual inclinations and the sacred Way of Heaven. How Does the Principle of Li or Ritual Actually Work? Ritual depends on self/other distinction Ritual depends on reverance Ritual relies on hierarchical order in actual application Ritual uses timely relevance as a measure--Kongzi was regarded as “the sage who had the perfect sense of timeliness.” The Foundation of Good Conduct Benevolence A Scholar’s Ease The Wise and the Benevolent...
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