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Lecture%203 - Lecture 3 Kongzi(Confucius The Happiness of a...

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Lecture 3 Kongzi (Confucius): The Happiness of a Sagely Person
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Kongzi’s Ideal: To Build a Perfect Society To build a perfect society that is like a harmonious, holy ritual. The way to do this is through the cultivation of the individual person into a junzi (gentleman, superior person) who is in possession of ren (true humaneness, humanity, benevolence). When all members of the society are self-cultivated, are superior people, you have a perfect society.
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The Content of Self-Cultivation: It involves a social purpose, that is, interaction with other people. The Chinese character ren is made up of the graph for a human being and the number “two”--Peter Boodberg defined ren as “co-humanity.” People should start cultivating themselves in affairs close at hand--the here and the now. Ivanhoe, p. 3, Sect. 1.2: “The gentleman applies himself to the roots. . . .” From self to family, to state, to whole country, to whole world.
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How Can Self-Cultivation Be Possible?
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