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Lecture%205 - Lecture 5 Mengzi(Mencius Moral Idealism...

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Lecture 5 Mengzi (Mencius): Moral Idealism
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Mengzi’s (Mencius’) Contributions to Confucianism: 2 Mengzi’s second contribution to Confucianism lies in the area of political theory. He is against government by force. He gives people the right to rebellion by use of Kongzi’s concept of “the rectification of names” ( zheng ming ): “Tyrannicide is not regicide.” Ivanhoe, p. 125, Sect. 1B8. “Heaven hears as the people hear; Heaven sees as people see.”
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Mengzi’s Contributions to Confucianism: 3 He started a strain of philosophical mysticism within Confucianism. Conception of reality as an extension of the human mind and heart (xin), Ivanhoe, pp. 125-129, Sect. 2A2. Qi ( ch’i )= pneuma , or “breath of life.” Achieving oneness of the person with the whole cosmos, or oneness of the knower with the known. Ivanhoe, p. 152, Sect. 7A1. This can be achieved because a human being is a microcosm.
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Where Does Evil Come From? 1). from the desires of a human’s petty parts (eyes, ears, nose, mouth, body). Ivanhoe, p. 151, Sect. 6A15.
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