Lecture%2025 - Lecture 25: Li Qingzhao (aka Li Ch'ing-chao,...

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Lecture 25: Li Qingzhao (aka Li Ch’ing-chao, 1084 - ca. 1151): China’s Greatest Woman Poet
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The New Culture of the Song Dynasty (960-1279): “New culture” describes primarily the lives of the elite, the scholar- official class. Men of the elite in the Song were dependent upon their personal achievement, even when wealth and position in many cases made it easy for them to acquire the necessary education for success. The Civil Service Exam system for recruitment of scholars into public service, instituted in the Tang Dynasty, was put to effective use in the Song Dynasty. This system of official recruitment produced not aristocracy, but meritocracy. Members of the Song elite were leaders in government and in their communities. The Song cultural ideal is the statesman-scholar-artist, with a public life devoted to public service and a private life devoted to pursuit of scholarship and art.
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China under the Song: China was the richest, most orderly, most culturally and technologically advanced portion of the world throughout the entire Song period (960- 1279), and especially during the Southern Song (1127-1279). The period from 960 to 1127 is known as the Northern Song. Urban development was quite amazing: the Song contained the world’s
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Lecture%2025 - Lecture 25: Li Qingzhao (aka Li Ch'ing-chao,...

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