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Primary Souce 1 - The Battle of Valcour Island By Midn....

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The Battle of Valcour Island By Midn. Katie Davidson, USN Asst. Prof. Hsieh HH 104 Section 5003 5 December 2009
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was a significant strategic event of the Revolutionary War that set off a chain of events that ultimately led to an American victory. However, it is only recently that historians are giving the mastermind behind the battle itself, the notorious traitor Brigadier General Benedict Arnold, his due credit. While the American fleet was nearly destroyed, it managed to delay the British invasion from Canada and gave the American army a year to prepare for war. Benedict Arnold, composed a letter addressed to Major General Horatio Gates providing both his interpretation of the battle and concrete facts about the ships involved and the tactics employed. Most of what we know of this battle comes from this letter. The letter also provides a glimpse of Benedict Arnold and his men’s emotional reaction to the Battle of Valcour Island. One of the most critical and least remembered battles of 1776 took place on a wilderness lake in the unforgiving North. The Battle of Valcour Island was a strategically significant confrontation at the onset of the war that set off a chain of events that ultimately led to an American victory. However, it is one of the most overlooked battles in history due in part to the involvement of the notorious traitor, Benedict Arnold, and the fact that, despite its contribution to the outcome of the war, it was still considered a defeat. Most historians only provide cursory mention of Valcour Island in their analyses of the Revolutionary War. Others proclaim that the Battle of Valcour Island was key to America’s ultimate victory because the one-year delay of the British invasion from Canada won by Arnold’s gallant, outmatched fleet made the first major American victory of the Revolutionary War possible at Saratoga in 1777. In total, Arnold lost eleven of sixteen ships and lost control of Lake Champlain. Though the battle did not end in victory, Arnold’s valiant efforts were not wasted. The British had devoted so much time to winning command of the lake that it was too late to initiate a campaign into New York, as
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2010 for the course MATH SM212 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '10 term at UPR Humacao.

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Primary Souce 1 - The Battle of Valcour Island By Midn....

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