Naval History 12 weeks

Naval History 12 weeks - HH104 12-Week Exam Essay Questions...

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HH104 Hsieh 12-Week Exam Essay Questions 1. Analyze the US Navy’s preparations for war with Japan before World War II, in the context of the war’s actual conduct up until the Battle of Leyte Gulf. How effectively did the US Navy anticipate changes in naval technology and tactics? How effective was its strategic planning for the defeat of Japan in the Pacific? Essay #1 Outline Thesis: The strategic planning remained with the fleet and became evident in its long Pacific campaign. The Navy was not entirely ready for the changes in naval technology and tactics as Pearl Harbor forced them to work with what they had so to speak. War planners failed to appreciate the technological advances in subs and naval aviation that rendered previous doctrine obsolete. At the conclusion of the first WW, the Navy was tasked with redefining the military requirements for national defense, but the strategic problems in the Pacific and Far East had altered greatly since the early years of the century. Military aviation had proved itself and though its potentialities for naval warfare were not yet fully appreciated, air power was recognized as a factor to be considered. 1. Plan Orange a. The first version of an American plan for the defeat of Japan in a Pacific war was patched together in 1911. Because Japan seemed the most likely after WWI, more attention was lavished on Plan Orange than all the other colors. b. Outline was simple, assumed that Japan would attempt to expand its resource base in the S. Pacific by attacking the American-held Philippines. It would be the Army’s job to hold Manila Bay while the Navy assembled at Hawaii and pushed West for a Jutland-like showdown, with the Blue fleet defeating the Orange fleet and then steaming on to rescue the Philippines. c. The Washington Treaties further complicated war planning. d. In SEPT 1922, War Plans Division issued a revised Orange Plan that called for the seizure of Eniwetok in the W. Marshall Islands. Marine Crops MAJ Ellis submitted a paper entitled Advance Base Operations in Micronesia that proposed amphibious doctrine for seizing enemy-held islands. This became the future Marine Corps planning for war in the Pacific in support of Plan Orange. e. The idea of a “Ticket Thru Manila” (steaming on thru as quickly as possible to save the Philippines) was discarded when CAPT Bryant became director of War Plans Division. He presided over modifications to Plan Orange that committed the Navy to the seizure of two advance bases in Micronesia before the leap to the Philippines. The first base would be at Eniwetok and the 2 nd at Truk in the Carolines. . THIS WAS THE FIRST VERSION OF THE ORANGE PLAN THAT PROJECTED BYPASSING JAPANESE STRONG POINTS-WHICH WAS A KEY ELEMENT IN THE US ADFVANCE THROUGH THE CENTRAL PACIFIC IN WWII.
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HH104 Hsieh f. (1942) Fighting the war: The key element was a drive across the Central Pacific. Though the plan itself had been formally abandoned, the Navy’s long commitment to its principles and the expertise that the Marine Corps had
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2010 for the course MATH SM212 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '10 term at UPR Humacao.

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Naval History 12 weeks - HH104 12-Week Exam Essay Questions...

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