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Unformatted text preview: 6-Week Exam Essay Questions1.According to one of your readings, “strategy is defined as the plan or method for attaining broad political, economic, and military goals in peacetime and war.” Analyze American naval strategy during the four following conflicts: the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Barbary Wars, and the Civil War. What are the most common elements of American naval strategy during these wars? What are the most important differences, and what are the origins of those differences? From “Navies in History” reading----- The makers of strategy have often been civilian officials; their regular problem has been how to use the navy day to day in peacetime and in small, distant skirmishes. When planning for war they have worked closely with the army. Invariably, domestic priorities and partisan politics entangle military and naval logic. Why? Because navies are expensive. They take time to build and train. And once built, they last a long time. The fleet cruising on a distant station has been wrestled into place by a struggle among many participants, each favoring a different strategic calculus, few of them ship captains, fewer likely to have foreseen the contingency at hand.to go to war has usually found the army devising ways for the navy to transport and support land forces while naval officers instinctively incline to blue water schemes to defeat the enemy's navy and interdict his shipping.A. American Naval Strategy (DEFENSIVE)1.Revolutionary-a.Naval strategy: defensive and commerce raiding and coastal protectionb.Useless Navy-Esek Hopkinsc.French Navy essentially did everythingd.Privateering-Esek Hopkins, privateers captured 15,000 prisoners vs. the 16,000 prisoners captured by the Army. Paid, so they had good incentive. Downfall was that they were selfish and not so patriotice.JPJ-in the sense of values, founder of Navy. Meritorious, most famous, but not ranked as high due to politics. Hurts British merchant system, which helps win the war. Rise insurance rates2.Barbary Wars-Jefferson was committed to protecting trade, in defensea.Leading to the Barbary Warsb.-Portugal got involved in European war, pulled navy from Gilbralter, Barbary pirates were running amuckc.The Barbary Wars 1801-1805d.-annual tributes paid to corsairse.-Karamanli decided that this was not enoughf.-US declared war on Tripoli to protect tradeg.-Dale and Morris were unsuccessful as first commodoresh.-Preble much more successfuli.-Bainbridge runs Philadelphia aground on the Kaliausa reefj.-Decatur suggests leading a crew into the harbor on the Intrepid to burn the Phillyk.-Preble launched attack on cityl.-Somers lead vessel charged with explosives into the harbor, explodedm. -Sam Barron assumes command, Eton to shore raidn.-Karamanli accepts pay from US, angers military, felt like the fight was for nothingo.Edward Preble-Given command of the 3rd Squadron, with Constitutionas his flagship, in 1803, he sailed for the Barbary coast and by October had promoted a...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2010 for the course MATH SM212 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '10 term at UPR Humacao.
- Spring '10