Rev exam III

Rev exam III - Faith and Critical Reason, Spring 2009 Prof....

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Faith and Critical Reason, Spring 2009 Prof. Miller Review Sheet for Exam III In preparation for the exam, be ready to answer questions similar to the following: - If God is the Father of a Son, why does it follow that this Son is eternally begotten? The existence that God gives his son is the fullness of existence, not just a participation. This gift of nature from God to the son is an eternal event. - That he is divinity from divinity? The son is of the very nature of God, whereas every being on the earth only shares (participates) in the existence of God. God and Jesus share an intimacy of nature that is not only similar to father and son, but is father and son. Since God is divine, the son must also be divine. - That he is begotten, not created? Jesus does not exist when he was born, his personhood is an event that always is because God always is. - That he is one essence with God? To claim God is his father is to have God as the origin of his being. - Explain the metaphor of flame that Augustine speaks about in Tractates on the Gospel according to John. The flame immediately exists as soon as there’s light. God can’t be God without giving his life to his son. The light always exists with the flame. The flame won’t be there without light, and light can’t be there without a flame. Augustine uses this to explain that God doesn’t exist without the son, he’s intrinsic to God. - What did the Arians claim about the Son? What did the Sabellians claim about the Son? What is Augustine's response to the claims of Arianism and Sabellianism? The Arians believed that the son is not intrinsic to God’s own being; he’s also not infinite or divine. They didn’t believe Jesus is the literal Son of God. They believed God and the son are distinct persons, and are not of the equal/same nature. The Sabellians believed that Jesus is the “son” because the son is God. They believed that God (father) and the son are radically equal because they are identical, but they are not distinct persons. Augustine says that
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Rev exam III - Faith and Critical Reason, Spring 2009 Prof....

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