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Research Paper - Cecilia Li Professor Miller Faith and...

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Cecilia Li Professor Miller Faith and Critical Reason 30 April 2009 God’s Ubiquitous Existence For centuries people have worshipped God through the practice of religion, which gave them a sense of hope and security. Religion has unified people in different parts of the world through possessing the same faith in God or other divine beings. Many people turn to God for hope and strength during times of confusion and unrest, as it also helps give them a sense of belonging. However, Ludwig Feuerbach was a philosopher who denounced the existence of God by claiming that God does not exist and our image of God is merely a projection of the human being upon himself. Thomas Aquinas, on the other hand, proved that God does in fact exist, by informing us the five ways in which we can prove God’s existence. Likewise, René Descartes proves in his Cogito Argument that God exists through deductive reasoning. There are philosophers who agree that there is evidence against the existence of God, but the evidence supporting God’s existence is more rational and is more compelling and convincing. The philosophers go about proving their points in different ways, all of which have their own logic behind them. Feuerbach asserts that God is “a fictitious creation of the human mind, a projection of human predicates and hence that Christianity is not literally true.” 1 This is to say that God is merely created by the human mind and does not actually exist. He 1 Levine, George Lewis. (The Cambridge companion to George Elliot . (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), 83.)
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states here that God is a projection of human predicates and denies the truth of Christianity. His basis for saying this is when he argues in detail in The Essence of Christianity that religious feeling does not have anything to do with God—it is not the effect of awareness of God, but only of ourselves; God isn’t really there. 2 Feuerbach himself has once said that “If feeling is the essential instrument or organ of religion, then God’s nature is nothing other than an expression of the nature of feeling … The divine essence, which is comprehended by feeling, is actually nothing other than the essence of feeling, enraptured and delighted with itself—nothing but self-intoxicated, self-contented feeling”. 2 It is clear that Feuerbach denies the existence of God because he says that because religion is characterized by the way we feel, then God’s nature is nothing more than our way of expressing our feeling. He further explains that the Godly essence that we come to understand through our sensation is no more than pure feeling. Furthermore, Feuerbach’s central thesis was that the notion of “God” was in actuality, a human projection. Feuerbach says that “The object of the senses is in itself indifferent-independent of the disposition or of the judgment; but the object of religion is a selected object; the most excellent, the first, the supreme being; it essentially presupposes a critical judgment, a discrimination between the divine and the non-divine,
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2010 for the course RSRU 1000 taught by Professor Hinze during the Spring '05 term at Fordham.

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Research Paper - Cecilia Li Professor Miller Faith and...

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