HistoryStudyGuide1 - WEST ASIA Sargon = leader of first...

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WEST ASIA Sargon = leader of first city-state Akkadain in Mesopotamia The Akkadain society was replaced by the Babylonian Empire (under rule of Hammarabi) 1750 BC – Code of Hammarabi = set of laws placed over Babylonian Empire; marked the transition of human society going from customs and traditions governing under a bureaucracy 500 BC-500 AD = defining millennium because basic traditions/characteristics of every civilization emerged from this millennium Achaemenid Dynasty was led by Cyrus from the city of Pasargade. Cyrus succeeded by Darius who began imperial expansion and moved the capital to Persepolis (where it stayed till 334 BC [Alex the Great invasion]) Darius made the greatest contribution to the primary political tradition of Persia by beginning imperial expansion among other things… Primary Political Tradition of Persia Satraps = appointed officials were assigned to watch over a specific province (satrapy). In each satrapy there were military officials and tax collectors who checked on people, spied on people, collected surprise audits, etc. This was Darius’ attempt to achieve Administrative Centralization and became known as the Primary Political Tradition of the Persian Civilization. Primary Religious Tradition of Persia Zoroastrianism = 6 th century teaching that came from Zoroaster who was chosen by Ahura Mazda to lead the people in supreme deity. Judgment based on “GOOD WORDS, GOOD THOUGHTS, GOOD DEEDS” Zoroastrianism – began to be accepted by aristocrats and ruling elite; MAGI appeared (a specialized group of people who acted like priests) and made calendars and taught Zoroaster values from the AVESTA (scripture of their beliefs). Zoroastrianism began to decline as the Islamic dynasties inclined MUHAMMAD 1. Last prophet of Allah 2. Born in MECCA 570 AD 3. Worked under Khadija, merchant business woman who proposed to him 4. 610 AD – “Angel Gabriel revealed to him that he was a messenger of God and is to recite what Gabriel tells him” 5. Khadija first Islam convert 6. Quran – records of Muhammad’s revelations; means Recitations; the scripture of Islam community under which they believe in the supreme deity of Allah (believed to be the ruler of the entire universe and recognition of any other god was evil; Allah was supreme judge) 7. Those who believed in Islamic beliefs were to be named Muslim 8. Conflict between Mecca and Muhammad over religious views and doctrines arose. Muhammad’s monotheistic views caused economic damage because local shrines were losing business so he left Mecca in 622 AD. 9. 622 AD – Medina becomes the new city of Muhammad (“City of the Prophet”). This year marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. 10. Children’s names: Son: Qāsim. Daughters: Zaynab, Ruqayyah, Umm Kulthūm, and Fātimah. The
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2010 for the course HIST 1010 taught by Professor Kicklighter during the Fall '07 term at Auburn University.

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HistoryStudyGuide1 - WEST ASIA Sargon = leader of first...

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