Module 1 notes

Module 1 notes - complementary views, from biological to...

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Chapter 1 Structuralism- an early school of psychology that sued introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind Functionalism- a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish Humanistic psychology- historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people; used personalized methods to study personality in hopes of fostering personal growth Nature-nurture issue – the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors Natural selection – the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations. Levels of analysis- the differing
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Unformatted text preview: complementary views, from biological to psychological to social- cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon Biopsychosocial approach- an integrated perspective that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis Basic research- pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base Applied research- scientific study that aims to solve practical problems 1 Chapter 1 Counseling psychology- a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater wellbeing Clinical psychology- a branch of psychology that studies, assesses and treats people with psychological disorders Psychiatry- a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy 2...
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Module 1 notes - complementary views, from biological to...

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