999 - Mycotoxins Summarized What to know MYCOTOXINS Toxins...

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Mycotoxins Summarized What to know
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MYCOTOXINS Toxins produced by fungi Metabolic products or by-products of fungi  (molds)
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Important Mycotoxins in USA Deoxynivalenol – Feed Refusal-Pigs Zearalenone – Estrogenic Aflatoxin – Deadly Carcinogenic Fumonison – Kills HORSES Ergot – Rye – unpalatible –  Like LSD & dry gangrene
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Important Mycotoxins in USA Deoxynivalenol –  Gibberella Zea   ( F. roseum ) Zearalenone – Gibberella Zea   ( F. roseum ) Aflatoxin –  Aspergillus flavus Fumonison –  Fusarium moniliforme Ergot – Rye –  Claviceps purpurea  
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Why Great Concern? Some mycotoxins are DEADLY at very  small dosages. Some mycotoxins are carcinogenic. Some mycotoxins cause huge losses in  productivity in animals.
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Feeds Most Susceptible to Fungi- producing Mycotoxins Corn Wheat Oats Barley Recently  Sorghum Cottonseed Peanut meal Rye
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Moldy grain is usually nontoxic Competition between toxic and nontoxic  molds. Entire mold population is not producing  mycotoxin Conditions for growth are different for  mold growth vs mycotoxin production
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Mycotoxins can cause: Death Poor performance from low FI, ADG Respiratory problems Reproductive problems Liver, kidney or other organ damage Cancer
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Penicillium Common blue mold Capable of producing mycotoxin, usually  does not. Diplodia
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999 - Mycotoxins Summarized What to know MYCOTOXINS Toxins...

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