The Story of Psychology #1
Goals for Today:
With hopes of satisfying curiosity, many people listen to talk-radio counselors and
psychics to learn about others and themselves
Scientific study of behavior and mental processes.
Science: the use of systematic methods to observe, describe, predict, and explain
Behavior- everything we do that can be observed
Mental processes- thoughts, feelings, and motives that each of us experiences privately
but cannot be observed directly
Is Psychology More Than Common Sense?
People who live together before marriage have longer, happier marriages.
20% have a
higher divorce rate
Opposites attract/ Birds of a feather.
As more ice cream is purchased, the rate of violence increases.
If your brother has schizophrenia, you have a 45% chance of also being diagnosed with
only if you are a something twin w/that brother.
Roots of Psychology:
Philosophy, Biology, and Physiology
Greek philosopher- Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
asked good questions, tried to explain
French philosopher- Descartes (reflexes)
Direct Observation, reasoning, theory of motivation, drives, sensing, remembering,
desiring, reacting, thinking, memory and sleep
he wanted to know what happens to the body? what cycle is going on?
19th century- theory of natural selection/ survival of the fittest
Who created the first psychology laboratory?
Wilhelm Wundt- 1879 University of Leipzig
Him and his grad student Tichner, came up with Structuralism
attempted to identify the structures of the human mind with introspection (meaning
looking inside yourself and see how you feel or think about
not remember, not remember accurately
THE WHERE OF THE MIND
William James- father of American Psychology- started first pysch lab at Harvard
functionalism- concerned with the functions and purposes of the mind and behavior in
the way we adapt to the enviroment