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Notes 1 - The Story of Psychology#1 Goals for Today Define...

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1/13/10 The Story of Psychology #1 Goals for Today: Define psychology With hopes of satisfying curiosity, many people listen to talk-radio counselors and psychics to learn about others and themselves Psychology Scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Science: the use of systematic methods to observe, describe, predict, and explain behavior Behavior- everything we do that can be observed Mental processes- thoughts, feelings, and motives that each of us experiences privately but cannot be observed directly Is Psychology More Than Common Sense? People who live together before marriage have longer, happier marriages. 20% have a higher divorce rate Opposites attract/ Birds of a feather .... As more ice cream is purchased, the rate of violence increases. YES If your brother has schizophrenia, you have a 45% chance of also being diagnosed with the disorder only if you are a something twin w/that brother. ha Roots of Psychology: Philosophy, Biology, and Physiology Greek philosopher- Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle asked good questions, tried to explain French philosopher- Descartes (reflexes) Direct Observation, reasoning, theory of motivation, drives, sensing, remembering, desiring, reacting, thinking, memory and sleep ALL AREAS ARISTOTLE STUDIED!! he wanted to know what happens to the body? what cycle is going on? Charles Darwin 19th century- theory of natural selection/ survival of the fittest Modern Psychology Who created the first psychology laboratory? Wilhelm Wundt- 1879 University of Leipzig Him and his grad student Tichner, came up with Structuralism attempted to identify the structures of the human mind with introspection (meaning looking inside yourself and see how you feel or think about something) veryyyyy subjective. easily lie. not remember, not remember accurately THE WHERE OF THE MIND William James- father of American Psychology- started first pysch lab at Harvard functionalism- concerned with the functions and purposes of the mind and behavior in the way we adapt to the enviroment
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THE WHY OF THE MIND #1 PSYCHOLOGIST is B.F. Skinner Contemporary Approaches Biological Approach- Examines behavior and mental processes through a focus on the body, especially the brain and nervous system someone who is studying this could possibly ask someone to talk in front of a classroom (1. someone who is scared of this and another one who is not), hook them up to machines and see how speaking in front of others affects their heart rate, sweating, skin response, what chemicals are firing in the brain Neuroscience- studies the structure, function, development, genetics, and biochemistry of the nervous system Thoughts and emotions have a physical basis in the brain How is blood chemistry linked with moods and emotions? Behavioral Approach: Emphasizes the scientific study of observable behavioral responses and their environmental determinants How do we learn to fear certain objects? Stop smoking?
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