ATP - 43 ATP Adenosine Triphosphate Nucleotide with 3...

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43. ATP – Adenosine Triphosphate: Nucleotide with 3 phosphate groups; used as energy and broken into ADP( 2 phosphates) First Law of Thermodynamics – Energy cannot be created or destroyed. (law of conservation of energy) Second Law of Thermodynamics – Energy moves from a more useable form to a less organized form. Entropy – measure of randomness in universe 44. Enzyme – Organic catalyst, that speeds up a reaction (due to its shape) (ph, temp, substrate specific) coenzymes- organic; cofactor-non-organic. Oxidation – the loss of electrons; loss of Hydrogen Reduction – the gain of electrons; gain Hydrogen 45.Light Dependent Reaction –reaction that requires sunlight, H20, NADP, ADP; occurs in thylakoid. Light Independent Rxn – (Calvin Cycle) reaction that doesn’t need direct sunlight and occurs in stroma. 46.Chloroplast – Membrane bounded organelle in plants and algae with thylakoids; where Photosy. Is
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