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Unformatted text preview: 43. ATP Adenosine Triphosphate: Nucleotide with 3 phosphate groups; used as energy and broken into ADP( 2 phosphates) First Law of Thermodynamics Energy cannot be created or destroyed. (law of conservation of energy) Second Law of Thermodynamics Energy moves from a more useable form to a less organized form. Entropy measure of randomness in universe 44. Enzyme Organic catalyst, that speeds up a reaction (due to its shape) (ph, temp, substrate specific) coenzymes- organic; cofactor-non-organic. Oxidation the loss of electrons; loss of Hydrogen Reduction the gain of electrons; gain Hydrogen 45.Light Dependent Reaction reaction that requires sunlight, H20, NADP, ADP; occurs in thylakoid. Light Independent Rxn (Calvin Cycle) reaction that doesnt need direct sunlight and occurs in stroma. 46.Chloroplast Membrane bounded organelle in plants and algae with thylakoids; where Photosy. Is Stroma Fluid within a chloroplast that contains enzymes involves with synthesis of Carbohydrates during...
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- Spring '08