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Psych101 Class Notes

Psych101 Class Notes - o All it takes is… A suggestible...

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Psych101 Class Notes 19/11/2007 09:15:00 Skinner and Behaviorism – Operant Conditioning at Work Operant Conditioning o CS (piano)   CR (practice) o Reinforce the choice to practice   repeat – more practicing o “behavior is shaped by its consequences” Superstitious Conditioning o Reward by the clock, and not for a specific response.. “the dancing rat” o Pre-game rituals Hypnosis Stage hypnosis o Is hypnosis necessary? o The power image o The volunteers – already cooperative/extroverted o Susceptibility test – weeding out o The trance induction – are you getting sleepy? Defines situation as  requiring hypnosis, but it doesn’t o The “unwilling” subject Typical demonstrations o The human plank o Pain avoidance o Failure to challenge – “you cannot bend your elbow” NOT “Try to bend  your elbow” o The famous person Stage Hypnosis o Audience assumes hypnotist is controlling behavior and S is helpless
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Unformatted text preview: o All it takes is… A suggestible audience A few cooperative hams o Subjects don’t actually have to be hypnotized for a good show • The History of Hypnosis o Anton Mesmer (1776) “Influence of the Planets in the Cure of Disease” planets radiate magnetic, curative energy o James Braid (1840) Sleep-like trance: Hypnosis Heightened suggestibility; power is in the hypnotized S The watch technique o James Esdaile (1885) 300 operations using hypnosis surgery only w/ hypnosis o Sigmund Freud (1885) Uncovering the unconscious Ultimate rejection: dependency; susceptibility o Dr. Ernest Hilgard (1980) – Stanford University Divided Consciousness 19/11/2007 09:15:00 ← 19/11/2007 09:15:00 ←...
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