Epidemiological profile.docx - Running head: ARIZONA...

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Running head: ARIZONA EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE1Arizona Epidemiological ProfileNameInstitution
ARIZONA EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE2Executive SummaryThis paper aims to provide an epidemiological profile of the state of Arizona, andhighlight the major health issues in the state as well as strategies to address these issues. Thispaper will look at the major health issues from the perspective of Reducing Years of LifePotential Lost (YLPL). The major causes of death in order are 1) Heart Disease; 2) Cancer; 3)Unintentional Injury; 4) Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease; and 5) Alzheimer’s. To collect data,the tools that will be utilized are Behavioral Health Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS)and Youth Risk Behavioral Survey (YRBS). The major causes of death in Arizona have remainedconstant since 2009. In 2017 for example, 57,261 Arizonians died with the major causes playinga significant part. The paper will conclude by discussing the limitations and strategies required toaddress population health issues.Demographic DataAs per the latest estimates of the US Census Bureau, in addition to being the sixth largeststate in the nation with an area of 113,594 square miles the state of Arizona is also the 4thfastestgrowing state in the nation with a population of approximately 7.17 million people in 2018(United States Population, 2019). The state has 15 counties 13 of which are rural and the resturban. About 75 percent of the population reside in the urban states and the rest in the rural.Between 2010 and 2017 there was a population growth of approximately half a million residentswhich translates to 1.4% average annual growth per annum. For each year between 2010 and2017, there has been an exponential rise in the population, faster even than the nation as a whole,with a total increase of 9.8 % (ADHS, 2019). There has been an increase in the proportion ofolder adults as well. The percentage of older adults aged 65 years and above in Arizona was13.8% in 2010 and in 2017 the percentage had risen to 17.1% (ADHS, 2019). During the same
ARIZONA EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE3time period the population aged 1 year and below declined. The current population distributionindicates that the population group between ages 20 and 64 account for 57 % of which 32% arebetween ages 20 and 44. Arizona’s age distribution is almost similar to that of the whole nation,though the population over 65 years is 17.1 % which is slightly higher than the nation’s 15.6 %.The population of white non-Hispanic was 54.9 % in 2017 while that of Hispanic/Latino was31.4 %, accounting for over 85 % of the population (ADHS, 2019). The other racial groupsincluding blacks, Asians and Native Americans account for less than 15 %. Health disparitiesacross race and ethnicity are a major part of this assessment. While the population is growing andthere is an increasing diversity, the geographic distributed is steadily becoming uneven.

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Demography, ARIZONA EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE

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