Lesson 2 - Articles of Confederation (17811789) The New...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Articles of Confederation (1781-1789) The New National Constitution-1st U. S. Constitution In June 1776, when the delegates appointed a committee to draft the  Declaration of  Independence , it also recognized that a committee would need to be formed to craft a  national constitution. The committee drafted the new constitution in one month and then  debated its merits for roughly a year and one half before it was approved by the Congress. The new constitution known as the  Articles of Confederation , "  a league of friendship, was submitted to the state legislatures in November 1777. It took four years for all the states to  approve this new national constitution. Maryland, the last state, approved the Articles in  March 1781, after Virginia promised to relinquish its claims in the  Northwest Territory  to the  new national government. The Articles of Confederation established a confederacy known as the  United States of  America . The new seat of government would be in New York City, the center of trade and  commerce. The national government would consist of a Congress, a national legislature, with  limited power. There was no executive to implement and enforce national laws or a national  court system to resolve legal disputes and interpret the law. The Confederation Congress was a  unicameral  body, a one house legislature, where each  state would have  equal representation , equal voice. Each state legislature could send  between two to seven delegates to sit in NYC, but they would vote as a delegation, one vote  per state, no matter the size of the population of each state. Both small and large states would  hold equal power in this new national government. The delegates chose a confederation type of government system in order to keep most of the  power in the hands of the states and less power in the national government. The country was  fighting the Revolutionary War against the perceived tyranny of King George and the British  Parliament and they did not want to grant the new Congress strong legislative and executive  authority. In a  confederation  unlike our federal system (federation) of today, the  state legislatures , in  approving the Articles, gave the new national government only  limited power  over foreign  affairs and national security, Indian tribes, coining money, regulating weights and  measurements, and delivering the mail .
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The remaining powers such as regulating domestic and foreign trade belonged to the states.  Under the Articles, "{E} ach State retains its sovereignty, freedom and independence, and  every power, jurisdiction and right, which is not by this confederation, expressly, delegated to 
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/10/2010 for the course PCS 782 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Bowling Green.

Page1 / 8

Lesson 2 - Articles of Confederation (17811789) The New...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online