Ch3 - FENCE Student Manual 28 What You Will Learn ‚Äʬ

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Unformatted text preview: FENCE Student Manual 28 What You Will Learn ‚Äʬ° General¬°physical¬°and¬°emotional¬°changes¬°that¬°develop¬°in¬°the¬°el- derly¬°with¬°associated¬°risks¬°and¬°responses Chapter 3: General Changes Associated with Aging Key Terms Anatomical Age ‚ÄĒ The age of a person based on changes that occur in the body Apoptosis ‚ÄĒ A form of cell death necessary to make way for new cells and to remove cells whose DNA is damaged Chronological Age ‚ÄĒ The number of years a person has lived, used es- pecially in psychometrics as a standard against which certain variables, such as behavior and intelligence, are measured Geriatrics ‚ÄĒ The study of diseases that affect the aging population and the medical care of the older person Gerontology ‚ÄĒ The science that deals with the process of aging Mental Age ‚ÄĒ The age level of mental ability of a person as determined by standard intelligence tests Aging¬°is¬°not¬°a¬°simple¬°process.¬°As¬°adults¬°grow¬°older,¬°physical,¬°emotional,¬° psychological,¬°and¬°social¬°changes¬°occur.¬°Te¬°rate¬°at¬°which¬°these¬°changes¬° occur¬°and¬°how¬°they¬°impact¬°an¬°individual¬°is¬°based¬°on¬°a¬°number¬°of¬°fac- tors.¬°Genetics,¬°environment,¬°health,¬°stress,¬°and¬°diet¬°all¬°contribute¬°to¬° the¬°manner¬°in¬°which¬°a¬°person¬°ages.¬°Because¬°of¬°this,¬°no¬°two¬°people¬°age¬° in¬°exactly¬°the¬°same¬°way¬°or¬°at¬°the¬°same¬°rate.¬°Te¬°science¬°that¬°studies¬°the¬° process¬°of¬°aging¬°is¬°called¬° Gerontology .¬°A¬°related¬°science,¬° Geriatrics ,¬° is¬°concerned¬°with¬°the¬°diseases¬°that¬°aFect¬°the¬°aging¬°population¬°and¬°the¬° medical¬°care¬°of¬°the¬°older¬°person. While¬°there¬°are¬°many¬°theories¬°regarding¬°the¬°process¬°of¬°aging,¬°physical¬° aging¬°is¬°usually¬°related¬°to¬°changes¬°that¬°occur¬°at¬°the¬°cellular¬°level.¬°Te¬° number¬°of¬°cells¬°decreases¬°with¬°age¬°leaving¬°fewer¬°functional¬°cells¬°in¬°the¬° body.¬°Tis¬°decrease¬°occurs¬°due¬°to¬°a¬°slowed¬°rate¬°at¬°which¬°cells¬°multiply¬° and¬°replace¬°lost¬°cells,¬°thus¬°aFecting¬°the¬°process¬°of¬° apoptosis .¬°Tis¬°nor- mal¬°process¬°programs¬°cells¬°to¬°die¬°at¬°appropriate¬°times¬°and¬°is¬°necessary¬° for¬°the¬°body¬°to¬°remain¬°healthy.¬°It¬°is¬°especially¬°important¬°to¬°the¬°immune¬° response¬°which¬°slows¬°down¬°once¬°an¬°infection¬°has¬°been¬°resolved. The science that studies the process of aging is called Geron- tology....
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2010 for the course ADN 105 taught by Professor Aaa during the Spring '07 term at śĚĪšļ¨Ś§ßŚ≠¶.

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Ch3 - FENCE Student Manual 28 What You Will Learn ‚Äʬ

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