10315455-Atherosclerosis-Quiz-With-Answer-Key-and-Rationale

10315455-Atherosclerosis-Quiz-With-Answer-Key-and-Rationale...

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Roosevelt College System Institute of Nursing and Health Education Sumulong Hi-way Cainta, Rizal I. MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. When is a woman most at risk for having a heart attack? A) in her teens and 20s B) in her 30s and 40s C) after menopause D) all of the above 2. Which are ways to prevent atherosclerosis? A) switching to a low-fat diet and exercise B) quitting smoking C) reducing high blood pressure and cholesterol levels D) all of the above 3. Which are examples of what can happen if atherosclerosis progresses? A) heart attack B) stroke C) gangrene in an extremity D) all of the above 4. Which arteries are NOT at risk of atherosclerosis? A) none of the above B) carotid arteries C) coronary arteries D) femoral or iliac arteries 5. What else besides plaque contributes to the hardening and narrowing of the arteries? A) scar tissue and cellular build up B) fatty substances and cell waste products C) calcium and fibrin D) all of the above 6. Which is a symptom of coronary artery disease? A. Headache C. Pain or discomfort in the chest, arms or lower jaw B. Sleep problems D. Diarrhea 7. Which procedure or test is used to diagnose CAD? A. Electrocardiogram B. Treadmill stress test
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D. All of the above 8. One possible treatment for CAD is coronary angioplasty. What does it involve? A. A new section of artery replaces the blocked section B. A tiny balloon is inflated inside an artery C. Medication is used to expand the artery D. None of the above 9. During angioplasty, doctors often place a stent inside the artery. What is a stent? A. A new section of artery B. A cotton tube C. A wire mesh tube D. A slow-release medication capsule 10. In about 40 percent of people who have coronary angioplasty done, the artery narrows or becomes blocked again within six months. When is this more likely to happen? A. If you smoke B. If you have diabetes C. If you have unstable angina before the procedure D. All of the above 11. Which lifestyle factor has the greatest impact on your health after angioplasty? A. Obesity B. High blood pressure C. Inactive lifestyle D. Smoking 12. A nurse is explaining the anatomy and physiology of the heart to a group of adults participating in a wellness program. When a participant asks for an explanation of the purpose of the superior vena cava, the nurse provides which of the following information? A. Returns blood from the body area above the diaphragm B. Returns blood from the body below the diaphragm Drains blood from the heart C. Drains blood from the heart D. Receives freshly oxygenated blood from the lungs through the pulmonary veins 13. A client with CAD asks the nurse to explain the purpose of the left ventricle. The nurse informs the client that which of the following is the purpose of the left ventricle? A. Receives deoxygenated blood from the vena cavas
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10315455-Atherosclerosis-Quiz-With-Answer-Key-and-Rationale...

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