02-Philosophy-pt2 - INTRODUCTION TO COGNITIVE SCIENCE PSYCH...

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    INTRODUCTION TO COGNITIVE SCIENCE PSYCH 1102/COGST 1101/LING 1170/ PHIL 1910/CS 1710
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    Philosophy Materialism: Why we don’t need the “mind”                Psychology                Neuroscience Linguistics Computer                 Science Philosophy                Mind?
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    Outline Monism defined Do we need two types of stuff? Idealism Since we must consider all options Materialism But not the crass consumerism version Three approaches Behaviorism, Identity theory & Functionalism
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    Monism defined Do we need two types of stuff?
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    Monism defined Occam’s razor : All  things being equal, the  theory with the fewest  assumptions is the best  theory “the least complicated  theory wins”
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    Monism defined
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    Monism defined Given a choice between a theory that  posits  two  types of substance in the  universe & a theory that posits only  one   type of substance… Pick the theory that posits only one type of  substance Physical substance XOR mental substance
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    Monism defined Monism : A collection of philosophical  views in which only one type of  substance exists in the universe Two branches Idealism – only mental substance Materialism – only physical substance
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    Monism defined Simple theories are only better if they  actually  work Can we explain qualia and the physical world  with only one type of substance? This is an open quesiton But we’ll at least attempt to do things with only  one substance
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    Idealism Since we must consider all options
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    Idealism Bishop George Berkely Early 17th century “To be is to perceive or be  perceived” the only things that exist are  minds, or the ideas that minds  are currently thinking about The physical world is only a  collection of ideas in a mind No physical world, thus no mind- body problem
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    Idealism Imagine up a pile of gold for the class
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