18-Topics-CognitiveTechnology

18-Topics-CognitiveTechnology - Introduction to Cognitive...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Cognitive Science PSYCH 1102/COGST 1101/LING 1170/ PHIL 1910/CS 1710 Topics: Cognitive Technology Resistance is futile Outline A really quick summary What we thought we knew & what we know now Hidden cognitive technology Not all tech is high tech Cool cognitive technology Soon we’ll really be cyborgs Culture Our biggest asset A really quick summary What we thought we knew & what we know now Naïve view of cognition Great big integrated problem solving system complex problems Plans, reasoning, etc Later view of cognition Lots of simple systems doing one thing Evolved Dynamic embedded A really quick summary If we buy into humans as dynamic, embodied, connectionist pattern matching systems... How do we do all the complex stuff? A really quick summary Hidden cognitive technology Not all tech is high-tech How do we do all the complex stuff? We cheat! As long as humans have been humans we’ve taken advantage of the non- biological environment around us to solve problems We take advantage of the environment (embodiment) We take advantage of large scale patterns (dynamic pattern matching) Hidden cognitive technology Cyborg Cybernetic organism A system that is both biological and non- biological in nature Hidden cognitive technology Experts & Novices Memory for chess boards Show Expert & Novice chess players a board for 5 seconds Wipe the board clear and ask them to recreate it Experts recall 80-100% of the pieces Novices between 50-70% of the pieces Hidden cognitive technology Expert chess players must have really good memories Or they “cheat” They restructure the problem so that they don’t have to do as much work to solve it They do not remember individual pieces, they remember chunks of information Hidden cognitive technology When watching how participants recreate the board we see this as well Novices, put pieces, largely at random and at a roughly constant rate Experts, rapidly put several pieces down that work together as a group e.g. the knight, bishop and queen are pinning the white rook Then pause for a while and do another group of pieces Hidden cognitive technology When looking at the...
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2010 for the course COGST 1101 taught by Professor Spivey,m during the Fall '07 term at Cornell.

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18-Topics-CognitiveTechnology - Introduction to Cognitive...

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