TRANSPORT.docx - 1|Page TOPIC OBJECTIVES By the end of the...

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1 | P a g e TOPIC OBJECTIVES By the end of the lesson, the learner should be able to: 1. Explain the meaning and importance of transport to business. 2. Explain the essential elements of transport. 3. Describe the modes and means of transport. 4. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each means of transport. 5. Discuss the factors that influence choice of appropriate means of transport. 6. Discuss trends of transport. MEANING OF TRANSPORT Transport is the physical movement of people and goods from one place to another. It helps bridge the gap between producers and consumers hence creating place utility. Importance of Transport to Business i. Bridging the gap between producers and consumers/ linking consumers to producers- Transport links consumers to producers which enable the consumers to obtain the goods they need. ii. Employment creation- Transport helps in solving unemployment problem by creating job opportunities. For example, people may be employed as drivers, pilots, mechanics and road constructors. iii. Promotes specialization- Transport enables people to specialize in jobs they are best at. For example; producers would concentrate in production only while other people carry out distribution. iv. Making goods and services more useful- Through transport goods are moved from a place where they are least required to a place where they are most required thereby making them more useful. v. Improving people’s standard of living- It enables consumers to get a variety of goods and services thereby improving the standards of living. vi. Availing a wide market for products- It helps producers to widen the markets for their products by enabling them access to areas they would otherwise not have accessed vii. Increased production/ facilitates mass production- Due to the wider market created through transport, producers are able to increase the volume of goods produced. viii. Avoiding wastage- Transport makes it possible for surplus goods to be disposed of by taking them to areas where they are required. Perishable goods such as flowers, fruits and vegetables can also be transported fast hence minimizing/ avoiding wastage. ix. Promoting development of industries- Through transport, raw materials can be taken to manufacturing industries and also finished goods to the market. Similarly, it promotes development of service industries such as tourism. x. Adds value to goods and services- creates utility in goods by moving them from the point of production to where they are needed thereby adding their value. xi. Leads to the opening of new markets- Goods and services can be taken to new areas with ease. xii. It facilitates the movement of labour- people can easily move from where they stay to where they work. Nothing can stop the man with the right mental attitude from achieving his goal; nothing on earth can help the man with the wrong mental attitude - Thomas Jefferson
2 | P a g e ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF TRANSPORT In order for a transport system to function efficiently it should have certain basic elements. These

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