RelativeResourceManager

RelativeResourceManager - Chapter 01 The Science of...

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1 Chapter 01 The Science of Cognition Cognitive Psychology: Definitions The science of how the mind is organized to produce intelligent thought and how it is realized in the brain. Neisser (1967): “the term ‘cognition’ refers to all the processes by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used.” Motivations • Intellectual Curiosity • Implications for Other Fields • Why certain thought malfunctions occur: Clinical psychology • How people behave in groups: Social psychology • How persuasion works: Political science • Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence • Practical Applications • Law: on the reliability of eyewitness testimony) • Design of computer systems: HCI, UI • Education (how to teach, how to teach learn) e.g., improving study habits
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2 Motivations (cont’d) • Practical Applications • Education (e.g., improving study habits) PQ4R technique •Prev iew • Question • Read Reflec • Reflect •Rec ite •Rev iew The History of Cognitive Psychology The Greek philosophers (4th century B.C.) • All knowledge is inborn. Plato: NATIVISM (nature) • All knowledge is acquired through experience. Aristotle: EMPIRICISM (nurture) ( tabula rasa ) The History of Cognitive Psychology (cont’d) Plato Aristotle NATIVISM (nature) EMPIRICISM (nurture) (17 th century (4th century B.C.) Chomsky (17 th century) (20 th century)
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3 The History of Cognitive Psychology
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RelativeResourceManager - Chapter 01 The Science of...

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