FINALREVIEW - STUDY SHEET FOR ANT 4310 HISTORY OF...

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STUDY SHEET FOR ANT 4310 HISTORY OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORY Review for Final Exam Fall, 2009 What is theory?–definitions for model/approach, theory, metaphor, paradigm and paradigm shift; persistent dichotomies Enlightenment themes and thinkers Foundations of biological-evolutionary thought and the merge with early anthropological inquiry political-economic backdrop to early anthropology (colonialism and emerging world trade) empiricism, two scientific epistemologies: inductive, deductive three historical systems of thought: theology, humanism, science (know the features of each trajectory) my outline of major contributing lines of thinking over time Darwin: precursors to his thinking; natural selection; influence in social science/humanities Spencer: society as an organism metaphor; natural causes; simple--complex; superorganic Tylor: definition of culture, survivals; uniform action of uniform causes; 3 stages of thought Morgan: great chain of being; germs of thought---institutions; inventions and discoveries drive historical progress; independent invention, psychic unity, 3 stages of cultural evolution—know main characteristics for each stage Durkheim: social solidarity (mechanical and organic); collective conscience/representations;
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2010 for the course ANTH 4310 taught by Professor Alley during the Fall '09 term at Auburn University.

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FINALREVIEW - STUDY SHEET FOR ANT 4310 HISTORY OF...

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