Characteristics of Romanesque Architecture

Characteristics of Romanesque Architecture -...

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Characteristics of Romanesque Architecture Most Romanesque churches (the primary type of Romanesque architecture) have the following characteristics: harmonious proportions stone barrel vault or groin vault thick and heavy walls thick and heavy pillars small windows round arches supporting the roof round "blind arches" used extensively for decoration inside and out (especially out) nave with side aisles (though some modest churches are aisleless) galleries above the side aisles, separated from the nave by a triforium a transept (section crossing the nave at a right angle, giving the church a cross shape) an apse (semicircular niche, usually in the east end) an ambulatory (often with radiating chapels) around the apse multiple towers, usually at the west end and over the transept crossing sculptured decoration on portals, capitals and other surfaces (except in Cistercian monasteries) painted decoration throughout the interior (little of which survives today) Gothic architecture adopted many of these characteristics, but the major development that marked the beginning of the Gothic style was the ability to support heavy stone vaults on much thinner walls. This provided the opportunity for
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Characteristics of Romanesque Architecture -...

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