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Module3B_Asia1 - Module 3B Asia 1 Southeast Asia and China...

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Module 3B: Asia 1 Southeast Asia and China Module 3B Outline I. Buddhism and Borobudur II. The Angkor Kingdom A. Angkor Wat B. Angkor Thom III. China A. Great Wall B. Chinese Cities and Beijing C. Chinese Construction D. Forbidden City E. Ming Tombs F. Temple of Heaven
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Southeast Asia
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I. Buddhism and Borobudur Sakyamuni: common name used for the historical Buddha (6th c. BCE). Samsara: cycle of rebirth. Karma: law of action and consequence. Dharma: the Buddhist law of the cosmos. Nirvana: enlightenment. Four Noble Truths: doctrine expounded in the first sermon of the Buddha. Hinayana: “lesser vehicle”; refers to older forms of Buddhism. Mahayana: “greater vehicle”; refers to complex forms of Buddhism that arise beginning in 1st c. BCE. Bodhisattva: a figure who has delayed the realization of nirvana in order to assist other people; a future Buddha.
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Spread of Buddhism
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Borobudur. Java (760-830). Largest Buddhist monument in world. In general, represents Buddhist cosmos as seen in 8th century. Multiple meanings: “world mountain”; mandala ; stupa; pilgrimage site . Study question: What are the meanings of Borobudur?
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Great Stupa, Sanchi, India (1st century BCE). Borobudur. Java (760-830).
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Borobudur. Java (760-830). Pilgrims view relief sculptures on square galleries as they rise from world of desire to the sacred realm. Ultimate destination of spiritual journey is nirvana .
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Borobudur. Java (760-830). First gallery (shown below) depicts tales from the lives of the Buddha.
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Third gallery (left) and fourth gallery, Borobudur. Java (760-830). Galleries from 2nd to 4th level tell story of a pilgrim’s search for enlightenment.
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Circular gallery, Borobudur. Java (760-830).
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View of statue inside stupa (left) and central stupa. Borobudur. Java (760-830).
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II. The Angkor Kingdom
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Angkor Area, Siem Reap, Cambodia Study questions: How can Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom be seen as microcosms?
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