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Unformatted text preview: Gregor Mendel and Early Genetics 1905 the term genetics was coined. Genetics- the study of how traits are transferred through reproduction. 19 th century a lot of work on the cell and its structure. The first real discovery was made at a catholic monastery. A monk named Gregor Mendel discovered certain traits. He became a priest so he could get an education. He began in 1856, taking a look at the pea plant. Wanted to know how characteristics persisted. He found that character traits dont blend, and the short plant disappears. 1 st concept: Law of Segregation identified a link between inherited characteristics and sexual reproduction. 2 nd concept: Law of Independent assortment all various character units were independent from one another. 1865 local Natural History Society (Austria) published Mendels article (1866). Mendel was very influenced by Darwin but Darwin never read his article because he was not interested in plant breeding in a catholic monastery. In the 1900s Mendels work started to gain relevance....
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- Spring '09