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Gregor Mendel and Early Genetics - Gregor Mendel and Early...

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Gregor Mendel and Early Genetics 1905 the term genetics was coined. Genetics- the study of how traits are transferred through reproduction. 19 th century – a lot of work on the cell and its structure. The first real discovery was made at a catholic monastery. A monk named Gregor Mendel discovered certain traits. He became a priest so he could get an education. He began in 1856, taking a look at the pea plant. Wanted to know how characteristics persisted. He found that character traits don’t blend, and the ‘short’ plant disappears. 1 st concept: Law of Segregation – identified a link between inherited characteristics and sexual reproduction. 2 nd concept: Law of Independent assortment – all various character units were independent from one another. 1865 – local Natural History Society (Austria) – published Mendel’s article (1866). Mendel was very influenced by Darwin but Darwin never read his article because he was not interested in plant breeding in a catholic monastery. In the 1900’s Mendel’s work started to gain relevance.
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