Discovery of the Universe - Discovery of the Universe The...

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Discovery of the Universe The space race: Two groups were involved with the space race: United States and the Soviet Union. It started in 1957 and ended in 1975. Rocket technology began in Germany in the 1920’s and the 1930’s after their military was limited at the end of WW2. Because the treaty of Versailles mentioned nothing about rocket technology, there were able to make a lot of progress in this area. Wernher bon Braun was a German scientist working on rockets in the 1930’s. They developed the A4 rocket, later called the V2. It could go 200 miles and carry up to 16,000 lbs of explosives. In 1942, they started using them. They launched about 4,000 rockets between 1942 and 1945. It moved faster than the speed of sound so radar could not pick them up and there was no warning. 500 scientists at the end of the war packed up documents and surrendered to the U.S. Some were captured by the Soviet Union. Soviets launched the space race with Sputnik 1. It was launched October 4 th , 1957. Sputnik means “fellow traveler” in Russian. It traveled around the world at 18,000 ft/s and it circled the earth every 96 minutes until January.
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2010 for the course HISTORY AMH 2097 taught by Professor Vincent during the Spring '09 term at Florida State College.

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Discovery of the Universe - Discovery of the Universe The...

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