Taylor Vigfusson PSY 340 23 March 2020 ATQ1 1.Although they are related, sensation is using touch, taste, sight, smell, and sound to sense our environment, while perception is how we interpret these sensations and make sense of our surroundings. 2.A scenario of this would be where a person is driving and trying to eat at the same time; the benefit of this would be getting to eat while driving to multitask, but the cost of it would be risking safety and possibly getting in a crash. 3.Younger children most likely have difficulty with this because they have a weaker working memory than adults, and because memories are subject to change, kids often get confused with what they really remember when new evidence appears. 4.An example of assimilation is a child learning the word ‘dog’, and starting to call all four-legged animals dogs. Since the child is then told that other animals are not a dog, the schema for dog is changed and restricted to specific four-legged animals, and that is an example of accommodation. 5.Children are most likely to assimilate when they are given new information, and are able to extend their knowledge of a subject. This could be in school, where each year they learn new math skills and increase their knowledge over time by being taught new skills. 6.The modules and core knowledge framework is based on infants being born with innate core concepts that are organized into modules, and is based on an evolutionary perspective. On the other hand, interactionist views focus on shaping by learning, and being shaped by biological principles and genetics.