Political_Science_164A_-_Fall_1996_-_Stoker_-_Midterm -...

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Unformatted text preview: 08/11/2000 FRI 14:38 FAX 6434330 MOFFITT LIBRARY 001 Midterm Examination Fall, 1996 PS 1643 Political Psychology I. Short Essay -- Answer one of the following two questions (25 minutes) 1. Researchers have found that stereotypic beliefs about outgroup members persist despite evidence that should have undermined them. First use arguments from schema theory and attribution theory to explain why such persistence might occur. Then, adopting a personality— based account of sterotypes, provide a psychodynamic explanation for such persistence. 2. A certain teaching assistant (whose initials are LE) exhibits the following behavior: She is exceedingly deferential to the Professor, and yet rude and bullying towards her students. Provide an explanatory account of this pattern of behavior from (a) the psychodynamic perspective of The Authoritan'an Personality; AND (b) the behavioral learning perspective. II. Interpretation —« Answer two of the following three questions (5 minutes each, 10 minutes total) Each of the statements below is drawn from a course reading and illustrates a psychological concept or process that we have discussed. Identify which concept or process each statement might be taken to represent. Be explicit, and explain your answer; a few sentences will do here. 1. [Hershey quoting a Pro—Life Campaign workerzl "We spend a lot of time exchanging information so that we never have to reinvent the wheel. If you want to do something new in your state, its probably already been done in some other state. There are very few things that have not already been done. So, you simply get in touch with that state and find out how they did it. " 2. (Ottati and Wyer, " Affect and Political Judgment") "In the political arena, . . . perceptions of candidates’ stands on issues could in part be rationalized consequences of attitudes toward the candidates that were developed for other reasons. Specifically, a voter might simply assume that a liked candidate holds an agreeable position and a disliked candidate holds a disagreeable one. " 3. (Pettigrew and Martin) "The white observers tended to explain away both the ’impressive’ performances of black questioners and the ’poor’ performances of the white contestants by attributing them to transient factors." E]. Short Answe -- Answer one of the following two questions (5 minutes) 1. According to cognitive consistency theories, a pro-life Democrat who finds out that Bill Clinton is pro-choice will feel discomfort, and respond by one of a variety of means for reducing that discomfort or dissonance. Describe two ways in which he or she might attempt to reduce that dissonance, using diagrams to illustrate your answer. 08/11/2000 FRI 14:38 FAX 6434330 MOFFITT LIBRARY 002 2. Use the cognitive model of attitudes to explain how "priming" a particular belief or belief object can generate attitude change. Briefly explain when it would be in a candidate’s interest to emphasize or draw attention to (and thus prime) one of their issue positions or other attributes. IV. Identification —- Define and identify the significance of gi.e., trace out an implication or otherwise tell why this is an important idea! three of the following terms/phrases (10 minutes total) classical conditioning fundamental attribution error 1. piecemeal processing 2. symbolic predispositions 3. ambivalence 4. id 5. 6. ...
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