Political_Science_164A_-_Spring_1995_-_Stoker_-_Midterm -...

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Unformatted text preview: 08/11/2000 FRI 10:11 FAX 6434330 MDFFITT LIBRARY 001 Nfidterm Examination Spring, 1995 PS 1643 Political Psychology I. Short Essay -- Answer one of the following two questions (30 minutes) 1. Schematic processing of information produces both efficiencies and error. Explain and elaborate upon this claim in the context of what you know about schemes, providing examples (either your own or from the reading). 2. Describe the cognitive (or memory-based) model of attitude formation and discuss how classical. learning theories challenge this model. II. Interpretation -- Answer three of the following four questions (5 minutes each, 15 minutes total) Each of the statements below is drawn from a course reading and illustrates a psychological concept or process that we have discussed. Identify which concept or process each statement might be taken to represent. Be explicit, and explain your answer; a few sentences will, do here. 1. ('McClosky, Zaller, and Chong) "Only among the politically unsophisticated do we find significant support for the anti-regime pattern. Despite their personal idiosyncracies, individuals who are sophisticated enough to understand the traditional patterns of political belief in American life are highly likely to embrace one of them." 2. (Bray and Noble) "In the present experiment, high authoritarians imposed longer sentences and reached more guilty verdicts than low authoritafians." 3. (Ottati and Wyer) "Suppose, therefore, that a person who observes a political candidate unconsciously mimics the candidate’s facial expressions. As a result, the observer might experience affective reactions that are elicited by the observer’s own expressions. " 4. (Pettigrew and Martin) "The white observers tended to explain away both the ‘impressive’ performances of black questioners and the ’poor’ performances of the white contestants by attribuqu them to transient factors." 111. Short Answer w Answer one of the following two questions (10 minutes) 1. Political scientists commonly ask citizens to rate their member of Congress on a 0 (very unfavorable) to 100 (very favorable) scale. They find that many people offer a rating of 50. From a cognitive perspective, explain the differences between the following three causes of this rating: indifference, ambivalence, and ignorance. Use diagrams to illustrate your explanations. 08/11/2000 FRI 10:12 FAX 6434330 MDFFITT LIBRARY 002 2. Abelson describes the following "revolutionary prepaganda" as attempting to draw the support of those who find themselves in miserable circumstances (a noxious, dissonant state): You are now part of the glorious Cause. Reject with us your miserable present circumstances. Look forward to the glorious future when all will be different. The rotten present regime despises you and is responsible for your misery. The Cause will attack the regime and lead you to the glorious future. The regime will try to prevent this but we will triumph. Draw and label the dissonance diagram that depicts the state of affairs described by this propaganda. Be clear. careful, and complete. IV. Identification -- Define and identify the significance of five of the following terms/phrases (5 minutes each, 25 minutes total) Freudian reaction-formation positivity principle the "agentic shift" (or the "agentic state") piecemeal processing on—line processing acquiescence or yea-saying bias smflms classical conditioning eseeewwe ...
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