DynamicsofFamRelationshipsnotes1.pdf - FSHD 257\u2014Dynamics of Family Relationships Marriage Family Over Time \u2022 as we study family patterns and issues

DynamicsofFamRelationshipsnotes1.pdf - FSHD...

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FSHD 257—Dynamics of Family Relationships Marriage & Family Over Time as we study family patterns and issues, we need to understand that our attitudes and beliefs about families both affect and distort our views experience v. expertise Ongoing Social Controversy Defining Family Census definitions: Family : “a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together in a household” Household : “one or more people—everyone living in a housing unit makes up a household” Types of Families Family of orientation or origin—the family in which we grow up nuclear—a couple and their children extended Family of procreation—the family formed through marriage and childbearing Family of cohabitation—the family formed through living or cohabiting with another person Less Traditional Family Patterns Kinship System/Surrogate Families Kin can be affiliated, as when a non related person is considered as “kin” a relative may fulfill a different kin role, such as a grandmother acting as a mother or an “aunt” who isn’t actually related Blended families Foster families resulting from a variety of circumstances, when non-parents take care of children 1
grandfamilies Four Functions of the Traditional Family 1. Economic support from all family members 2. Education & socialization of children 3. Providing for and taking care of the elderly and sick 4. Religious instruction Major Themes of This Course families are dynamic the family is a dynamic social institution that has undergone considerable change in its structure and functions families are diverse not all families experience things the same way outside influences on family outside forces shape family experiences American Family Life Historical Influences The Colonial Era (1607-1776)—puritanism, slavery, native american displacement Marriage and Family of the Nineteenth-Century—Civil War, Industrial Revolution, immigration Marriage and Family of the Twentieth-Century—Civil Rights movement, The Great Depression, World Wars I and II, Feminist movement, immigration Aspects of Contemporary Families—immigration, identity, technology Cultural Influences patriarchy—in every culture, the way men are compared to women are different religion language immigration & citizenship family members’ roles 2
views of children Social Influences conflict with other groups racism & discrimination poverty & economics housing & residential issues access to resources politics and policy Aspects of Contemporary Families Factors promoting change economic changes technological innovations demographics three important changes have emerged: 1. increased longevity 2. increased divorce rate 3. decreased fertility rate gender roles and opportunities for women Noticeable trends cohabitation—unmarried couples sharing living quarters and intimate and sexual relationships marriage divorce, remarriage, and blended families unmarried motherhood and single-parent families Major diversity points to note socioeconomic status (SES)/social class poverty race 3

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