BIO 265Section 7.4: Study GuideSection 7.4 Objectives:Describe the role of the nephron in acid-base balance. Compare and contrast the roles of intercalated and principle cells. Describe the effects of respiratory and metabolic acidosis and alkalosis on the body and how theyare compensated for. 7.4 - ACID/BASE BALANCEDescribe the mechanisms of acid-base balance.Include the roles of each of the following:oHydrogen Ion: (pH) has specific parameters as guidelines to check for acidosis or alkalosisoVolatile Acids: CO₂and anything that is converted to COHow are they removed? ₂
What are the buffers of our body and how do they work?
Explain the equation for the bicarbonate buffer system.oWhat are the components and how does it shift?