10-22-09 PVD

10-22-09 PVD - Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral...

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Unformatted text preview: Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is disease of the blood vessels going to the periphery of the body or the extremities Older than 60 years old is affected 8 million Americans are affected Most common cause of peripheral vascular disease is atherosclerosis ( plaques in the blood vessels from high cholesterol) Lower extremities are affected more than the upper extremities Many diseases fall into this category see pg. 445 Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is commonly seen in clinic 95 % of PVD is PAD results in decrease circulation Peripheral Arterial Disease Symptoms See pg. 450 Hair loss Thin onion skin Discoloration Peripheral Arterial Disease Etiology Atherosclerosis Risk factors are: Smoking Diabetes Males High blood pressure (hypertension, HTN) Increased cholesterol levels Peripheral Arterial Disease Co-Morbidities Coronary heart disease Diabetes almost always Peripheral Arterial Disease Pathogenesis Narrowing of the blood vessels Poor circulation because blood vessels are too narrow Peripheral Arterial Disease Clinical Manifestations (Signs and Symptoms) Symptoms will result from 50% occlusion (closing off of the vessel), but patient may not...
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10-22-09 PVD - Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral...

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