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10-22-09 - Medical Effects of Chronic Alcoholism AHS 151...

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Medical Effects of Chronic Alcoholism
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AHS 151 Prof. Bialstock
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Alcoholic
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A person who is dependent on alcohol
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Alcoholism
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Chronic alcohol abuse, resulting in impairment in health and/or social or occupational functioning. Alcoholism results in increased adaptation to the effects of alcohol, requiring increased doses to achieve and sustain the desired effect. This is called “tolerance.”
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Alcoholism is a chronic illness.
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See picture
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One drink
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Incidence
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Male:Female = 4:1 10% of people who drink have alcoholic tendencies
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Etiology
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Unknown Genetic – fetal alcohol syndrome Social and Societal Factors Alcoholic Personality consists of Dependency Depression Self-destructive behaviors Isolation other
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Medical Effects of Chronic Alcoholism
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Cirrhosis of the liver Peripheral neuropathy Cerebellar and cerebral degeneration Cardiomyopathy Arrythmias (alcoholic for more than 10 years) Gastritis Malnutrition – especially B vitamin deficiency Encephalomalacia Impairment in circulation Korsakoff Syndrome
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Cirrhosis of the Liver
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Cirrhosis is the replacement of cells of the liver with fat Leads to liver failure Chronic alcoholics may not be allowed to receive transplants
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